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JANUARY 2013

LECTURE 3
Level 2 JANUARY 2013

alafolie@empal.com

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STORY 4: RUSSIA OF TO BAR


US

JANUARY 2013

this month by President Obama. It slaps sanctions on6 rights violators. Russian Kremlin President leaders Putin have and other Russian human

ADOPTIONS CHILDREN

RUSSIAN

We turn now to Russia, where a proposed new law on adoptions, which is causing alarm in the United States, came a step closer to being enacted today. Ray Suarez has the story.

roundly7

condemned that measure. This is without any doubt an unfriendly act towards the Russian Federation8 . But the Russian response, banning U.S.

In Moscow today, President Vladimir Putin says he does1 intend to sign a bill that bars Americans from adopting Russian children. You know, after all2 , in the world

adoptions,

has

garnered9

criticism

even inside the country. Concerning the law itself, of course it disappoints me, because we know a lot of instances10 when children who have

there are probably a lot places where the quality of life is better than here, but so what? We need to support the proposal which is directed at doing everything in our own country in order to provide for
3

no future here end up in the United States11 , and get a loving family and a future because the government takes care of them. Americans have adopted more than 60,000 Russian children in12 the past

worthy future for all of our children. Yesterday, Russian lawmakers gave final approval to the legislation. It was, pointedly4 , named after a Russian toddler
5

two decades. The impending ban13 means14 families currently in the

adoption process are left in limbo15 . We have already started preparing our home, not remodeling or painting or

who died after his adoptive

American father left him in a hot car in 2008. The adoptions bill is a direct response to the Magnitsky Act, signed
1 2 3 4 5

( ) SHOULD BE provide , ,

, 8 9 BETTER drawn 10 11 12 = over 13 14 <> 15 .


6 7

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JANUARY 2013

buying furniture or anything, but just preparing the emotional state of our home and of ourselves and our children for the change that is going to occur. For their part, senior officials in Moscow have indicated already the bill will for

block
U.S.

children

selected

adoption from leaving Russia. When its signed into law1 , the adoption ban will take effect January 1.

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not. in all

JANUARY 2013

STORY 5: READING GUARANTEE Next: a controversial a guarantee stance that

Linda Hissett teaches third grade in Cincinnati. I have some students who are at a5 kindergarten level reading, first grade level reading, second grade. I look at it with dismay.6 Ms. Hissett is no fan of promoting7 children before theyre ready. She first saw the effects8 when she taught fifth grade.

education,

students leaving third grade are able to read, and a commitment to

hold

back those who cant1 . Fourteen


states have adopted these so-called retention rules2 , while others are

considering such legislation this year. Special correspondent John Tulenko of Learning Matters3 reports from Ohio. Youre going to like the way you look. I guarantee it. The Travelocity guarantee. The Chevy love it or return it

Their

whole

day

is

made

harder

because all of our texts are based upon a fifth grade reading speed. Math class is harder because youre having word problems science, social studies. So for them to be sitting in a class that Lots of products come with guarantees. Youre not going to pay a lot. I guarantee it. What if schools could make guarantees, too? In Ohio, they do. New legislation guarantees that all The third grade reading guarantee is is too hard for them, its making their education more of a challenge9 obstacle. Ohios remedy? Hold those students back. A third grader who cannot read by the end of the year will not move on10 . and an guarantee.

third graders will read at grade level4 by the end of the year. Right now, 30 percent, some 40,000 students, are
5

going

to

the

very

heart

of

1 2 3 4

( )

SHOULD BE DELTED. OR are at a kindergarten reading level 6 ( , ) . 7 8 9 10 4 INSTRUCTOR: YANG SHI-RAE

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JANUARY 2013
deliver a

education1 , and thats the ability to read. State Sen. Peggy Lehner introduced the guarantee. Up until third grade, youre learning to read. After third grade, youre reading to learn. But if you arent well-

just about12 guaranteed to13 powerful message.

equipped2 reading proficiently at the end of third grade, you are going to struggle throughout3 school years. Holding the line4 at third grade is the rest of your

catching on. 14 states have adopted retention policies, six since 2010. But its controversial. Studies suggest repeating a grade5 and may actually7 dropout rates doesnt pay off6 result in higher the line8 , for

down

potentially

devastating minority

news

disadvantaged

students.

Theyre already five times as likely to be held back.9 Still, for states fed up with10 schools that fail to teach students to read, tough-love11 approaches like Ohios are
1

. . 2 SHOULD BE equipped with the necessary reading skills 3 BETTER through 4 , , 5 6 7 ( ) , 8 , 9 ( ) 5 10 11 ()

12 13

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RC 3 January 2, 2013

JANUARY 2013

Spain, running a publishing house7 and writing romantic novels. She sends home 1,000, or about $1,300, a

Spains Chinese Immigrants Thrive in Tough Economy By DAN BILEFSKY BARCELONA, Wangs Spain first When Jiajia to

month to support her parents, who retired last year. Her familys story is telling8 of9 the

ways many of Spains 170,000 Chinese immigrants have managed not only to weather10 a tough economy but even

parents

moved

Barcelona from China in the 1990s, they had no working papers1


2

to thrive, aided by intense labor11 and a strong loyalty


12

and

Confucian

model

of

family

spoke no Spanish . The family ate eggs to survive. Her mother and father worked 12-hour days3 restaurant. at a Chinese

, while joblessness and cuts to

government services13 have left other Spaniards struggling14 . The Chinese family15 is less

After

five

years,

they

bought

dependent on the government because the family is the welfare state, the bank and social services16 , all wrapped in one17 , Ms. Wang said. For Chinese people18 who lived , she is

restaurant of their own with money borrowed from relatives, interest-free. She and her Her in brother parents the washed slept

the
on a

dishes4 . mattress cramped

bathroom so

of their that the

apartment

through hardship back home19 added, working 16-hour

children could study at night in the other room. Today, while Spanish hovers youth 50

days

nothing, and that has made us more

7 8

unemployment

around

percent5 , Ms. Wang, 24, who studied economics at Harvard on a one-year fellowship6, juggles four jobs: teaching Mandarin, advising Chinese investors in
1 2

3 < > 12 4 < > 5 50% 6 ( ) 1 Hvd .

( ) 9 telling. 10 ( ) 11 = hard work 12 () , / 13 ( ) 14 < > . Spanish !!! Spaniard 15 <> () <Chinese families are . .> 16 ( ) 17 18 = Chinese 19 6 INSTRUCTOR: YANG SHI-RAE

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resilient1 during the crisis2 .


InfoChina

JANUARY 2013
Gestin, a real estate

company based in Madrid that focuses The Spanish government itself seems to have recognized the importance of this success. So determined is it to attract Chinese immigrants that
3

on Chinese investors, said the number of houses sold for11 70,000 to

100,000 to Chinese nearly doubled last year, to 813. Mr. House, a real estate company in Madrid,12 said it was selling at least 10 houses a month to Chinese, a majority of whom paid at least 80 percent in cash. The types of work many
13

in

November it passed a law offering residency permits4 to foreigners who

buy homes worth more than 160,000, with the specific aim of Chinese and Russian
5

drawing

investment, Chinese immigrants gravitate toward

lawmakers said. As6 hard-hit7 Spaniards struggle to

helps
time of

explain their success14 as much as


their work ethic15 . crisis, In a economic margin ubiquitous16 low-

keep both their jobs and their homes, Spains Barcelona businesses8 Chinese and immigrants are in

Madrid

starting

Chinese-owned

bazaars17 ,

and

buying

distressed

hairdressers and supermarkets have become a lure for18 Spanish consumers. If it wasnt for the Chinese shops19 , it would be harder to scrape by20 , said Ester Maduerga, 30, a saleswoman at a sports shoe store, as she scanned the notepads, alligators
21

properties from the bursting of Spains housing bubble9 . Of the 8,613 foreigners who started businesses in the past 10 months
10

cost-conscious

30 percent, or 2,569 were Chinese, according to the National Federation of Self-Employed Workers.

leather

belts

and

plastic

at One Hundred and More, a

1 2 3

It is so determined to attract Chinese immigrants that


= 6 = Even as , 7 8 9 SHOULD BE properties that have
4 5

, <so that

Chinese-owned bazaar here.

become distressed due to the bursting of Spains housing bubble


( ) 10 < the>

House 13 () 14 15 16 , 17 18 ( ) 19 <> 20 () 21 ()
11 12

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Xi Li He, 26, the bazaars manager and cashier, said the business1 was

gateway to the European Union10 , the worlds biggest trading bloc. Isla Ramos Chaves, an executive at the Chinese computer maker Lenovo, said that even with the crisis11 , Spain the fourth-largest economy in the euro zone remained a market that

flourishing, in part because he had reduced prices by importing

inexpensive goods from China. When Mr. Xi, fresh from business school2 , tried to take a job3 at a large Spanish retailer, he said his mother doubled his salary. That kind of success by Chinese

Chinese companies were eager to tap12 . She added that Chinese multinationals13 in Spain were proving robust14 , in part because they were anchored by a huge domestic market15 back home.

immigrants has provided a beachhead4 of sorts


5

for further investment

from

China that has pumped some life into7 an

otherwise

moribund

Spanish

Executives at Haier, the Chinese-owned appliance maker, said the economic crisis,

economy8 . Before Spains crisis exploded in 2008, Chinese foreign investment in Spain was negligible. By last year, it had

rather

than
had

being

a an

deterrent16 ,

provided

opportunity, as Spaniards were willing to consider competitively priced17

grown9 to 70 million, according to


ICEX, agency. Ivana Casaburi, a professor at of a government investment

washing machines and air-conditioners, even if their brands were less well known. I am not sure we would have been as successful if the market was18 stable and growing, said Santiago Belenguer, the general manager of Haiers Spanish operations19 .

international business

marketing in

Esade said

school

Barcelona,

Chinese companies were being drawn to Spain because it offered a low-cost

<(cf) Business is flourishing. > 2 3 ( . take ) 4 5 , . 6 <> 7 8 9 < by >

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

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JANUARY 2013

The success of Chinese newcomers to Spain20 has not spawned21 the kind of anti-immigrant backlash seen
22

money-laundering and tax evasion. The police said the low price of Chinese products15 some was being abetted16 not China
17

in

by

some hard-pressed parts of Europe23 like Greece. Immigration experts said Spains relatively welcoming attitude reflected its new openness after the repression of the Franco years24 ,

importers from

declaring
, thereby

shipments

avoiding taxes. Here in Barcelona, Jos Rodrguez, the owner of A Porta Galega, a traditional tapas cafe in the hip neighborhood of Eixample, said cut-rate prices18 for

when the country was a nation of emigration25 . Since the crisis26 , the return of thousands of Latin American immigrants to their home countries from Spain27 has also relieved

everything from beer to shampoo at Chinese-owned shops made it

pressure on the work force28 . That does not mean everyone has championed Chinese,
10

impossible for Spaniards to compete. At least a dozen Chinese-owned tapas bars are scattered along his block19 . Still, he added, he would20 sell his own restaurant to Chinese buyers, for the right price21 .

the some

success

of

the of11

and

complain

stereotyping12 and being targeted by law enforcement13 . In October, the police arrested 80 people in a nationwide crackdown on14 Chinese criminal gangs engaged in
20 21 22

= the kind of anti-immigrant backlash

that have been seen


23 24 25 ( ) . 26 27 ( ) , 28 . ( ) 10 11 ( ) . 12 ( ) , 13 , 14

() SHOULD BE supported abet , 17 () 18 19 ( scattered) . 20 <> ( ) 21


15 16

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JANUARY 2013

India rape sets off debate over womens rights By By RAVI NESSMAN | Associated Press 18 hrs ago NEW DELHI (AP) Indias army and navy canceled New Years celebrations on Monday out of respect for a New Delhi student whose gang-rape and murder has set off an impassioned debate about what the nation needs to do to prevent such a tragedy from happening again. Protesters and politicians have called for tougher rape laws, major police reforms and a transformation in the way the country treats its women. To change a society as conservative, traditional and patriarchal as ours, we will have a long haul, said Ranjana Kumari, director of the Center for Social Research. It will take some time, but certainly there is a

The army and navy canceled their New Years celebrations, as did Sonia

Gandhi, head of the ruling Congress party. Hotels and clubs across the capital also said they would forego their usual parties. She has become the daughter of the entire nation, said Sushma Swaraj, a leader of the opposition Bharatiya

Janata Party. Hundreds of mourners continued their daily protests near Parliament

demanding swift government action. So much needs to be done to end the oppression of women, said Murarinath Kushwaha, a man whose two friends were on a hunger strike to draw attention to the issue. Some commentators compared the

rape victim, whose name has not been released by police, to Mohamed

Bouazizi, the Tunisian street vendor whose self-immolation set off the Arab Spring. There was hope her tragedy could mark a turning point for gender rights in a country where women often refuse to leave their homes at night out of fear and where sex-selective

beginning. The country remained in mourning Monday, two days after the 23-year-old physiotherapy student died from her internal wounds in the Singapore

hospital where she had been sent for emergency treatment. Six men have been arrested and charged with murder in the Dec. 16 attack on a New Delhi bus. They face the death penalty if convicted, police said.

abortions and even female infanticide have wildly skewed the gender ratio. It cannot be the business as usual Times

anymore,

Hindustan

newspaper wrote in an editorial.

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Politicians from across the spectrum called for a to special pass session laws of to

police sensitivity training that it had suspended due to lack of funds. There have also been proposals to install a quota to ensure one-third of Delhis police are women. There also have been signs of a change in the public debate about crimes

Parliament

new

increase punishments for rapists including possible chemical castration and to set up fast-track courts to deal with rape cases within 90 days. The government has proposed creating a public database of convicted rapists to shame them, and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has set up two

against women. Other rapes suddenly have become front-page news in Indian newspapers, and politicians are being heavily

committees to look into what lapses led to the rape and to propose changes in the law. The Delhi government on Monday

criticized for any remarks considered misogynistic women. A state legislator from Rajasthan was ridiculed Monday across TV news or unsympathetic to

inaugurated a new helpline 181 for women, though it wasnt working because of glitches. Responding to complaints that police refuse to file cases of abuse or

channels after suggesting that one way to stop rapes would be to change girls school uniforms to pants instead of skirts. How can he tell us to change our clothes? said Gureet Kaur, a student protester in the Rajasthani town of Alwar. Why cant girls live freely? Some activists have accused politicians of being so cossetted in their security bubbles that they have no idea of the daily travails people are suffering.

harassment brought by women, the city force has appointed an officer to meet with womens groups monthly and crack down on the problem, New Delhi Lt. Gov. Tejendra Khanna said. We have mandated that any time any lady visits a police station with a complaint, it has to be recorded on the spot, he said. Kumari said the sent Delhi her a police message

Kumari said the country was failing in its basic responsibility to protect its citizens. But she was heartened to see

commissioner

Monday asking her group to restart

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JANUARY 2013

so many young men at the protests along with women. I have never heard so many people who felt so deep down hurt, she said. It will definitely have some impact. In Geneva, the U.N. human rights chief called Monday for fundamental change in India. Let us hope that 2013 will be the year the tide is turned on violence against women in India and all women can walk free without fear, said Navi

human rights. The public is demanding a transformation in systems that

discriminate against women to a culture that respects the dignity of women in law and practice, she said in a

statement. Pillay, a South African of Indian origin, urged Indians not to give in to calls for capital punishment for rapists.

However terrible the crime, the death penalty is not the answer, she said.

Pillay, the U.N. high commissioner for

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Korean-English Interpretation TOPIC 1 1

10 . . , , . . . . . .

. 25%

. .

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Korean-English Interpretation TOPIC 1 This year, the cold spell has arrived more than a month earlier than expected.

Temperatures will remain below minus 10 degrees Celsius during January. Electricity use for heating will soar at homes and workplaces. To make matters worse, electricity is now the most popular source of heating, not just for people, but also for animals and crops. Its no surprise that electricity is gaining popularity as a source of heating. Burning oil for one week costs the same amount of money as using electricity for one month. It will become very difficult to meet the nations electricity demand. The biggest tool of the government and those in charge of the power grid is having big consumers factories and large buildings reduce their power usage during peak hours. The

government makes up for their losses. This method, obviously, is very costly. The most effective and affordable way to deal with the electricity crisis is voluntary power conservation by citizens. If families and businesses used 25% less electricity for heating, the nation would be able to ride out the tough period. It would be of great help if they could reduce electricity consumption only during peak hours.

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