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Syllabus

V Semester B.E. Program Mechanical Engineering

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P.E.S. College of Engineering


Mandya - 571 401. Karnataka ( An Autonomous Institution under VTU Belgaum) Grant -in- Aid Institution
(Government of Karnataka)

Accredited by NBA, New Delhi Approved by AICTE, New Delhi. Ph : 08232- 220043 Fax : 08232 - 222075 Web : www.pescemandya.org

P.E.S. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, MANDYA


(An Autonomous Institution under VTU)

SCHEME OF TEACHING AND EXAMINATION


V Semester B.E Mechanical Engineering
Sl No. Course Code Course Title P08ME51 P08ME52 P08ME53 P08ME54 P08ME55 P08ME56 P08MEL57 P08MEL58 Turbomachines Manufacturing Process-III Engineering Economics Mechatronics & Microprocessor Machine Shop Energy Conversion Laboratory Design of Machine Elements-I Theory of Machine - II 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Teaching Dept. Credit Total Pattern Credits L:T:P Mechanical 4:0:0 Mechanical 4:0:0 Mechanical 3:2:0 Mechanical 4:0:0 Mechanical 3:0:0 Mechanical 3:0:2 Mechanical 0:0:3 Mechanical 0:0:3 4 4 4 4 3 4 1.5 1.5 Total Hours/ Week 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 Examination Marks CIE SEE Total 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Exam Duration in hours

Total

26

30

400

400

800

THEORY OF MACHINE - II
Course Code: P08ME51 Credits : 4 Total hours : 52 Hours per week : 04

PART A UNIT - 1 STATIC FORCE ANALYSIS: Introduction, Static equilibrium, Equilibrium of two force, three force and four force members, Members with two forces and torque, Free body diagrams, Static force analysis (graphical) of four bar mechanism and slider-crank mechanism without friction, effect of sliding friction, friction in pin joints, Static force analysis (graphical) of four bar mechanism and slider-crank mechanism with friction. 06 Hours UNIT - 2 DYNAMIC/INERTIA FORCE ANALYSIS: Introduction, DAlemberts principle, Inertia force, inertia torque, dynamically equivalent systems, Correction couple, line of action of inertia force in a link, inertia force analysis (graphical) of a four bar mechanism, inertia force analysis (analytical) of slider crank mechanism [(i) neglecting the mass of the connecting rod; (ii) considering the mass of the connecting rod]. 07 Hours UNIT - 3 FLYWHEELS: Introduction, Turning moment diagrams, Fluctuation of Energy and speed, energy stored in a flywheel, determination of size of flywheels. 07 Hours UNIT 4 ANALYSIS OF CAMS: Introduction, Analysis of (i) tangent cam with roller follower (ii) Circular arc cam with flat faced follower. 05 Hours PART - B UNIT - 5 BALANCING OF ROTATING MASSES: Introduction, Static and dynamic balancing, balancing of single revolving mass by balancing masses in same plane and in different planes, Balancing of several masses revolving in the same plane, balancing of several masses revolving in different planes. 06 Hours

UNIT - 6 BALANCING OF RECIPROCATING MASSES: Introduction, acceleration of the reciprocating mass of a slider crank mechanism, primary balancing, secondary balancing, Inertia effect of crank and connecting rod, balancing of single cylinder engine, balancing of multi cylinder-inline engine, balancing of radial engines, balancing of V - engines. 08 Hours UNIT - 7 GOVERNORS: Introduction, Types of governors; force analysis of Porter and Hartnell governors. Controlling force, stability, condition for stability, sensitiveness, isochronism, hunting, effort and power of governor. 06 Hours UNIT - 8 GYROSCOPES: Introduction, Vectorial representation of angular motion, gyroscopic couple, effect of gyroscopic couple on bearings, aircraft, ship, two wheelers and four wheelers. 07 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. Theory of Machines: V.P. Singh, Dhanpat Rai & Co. 2. Theory of Machines: Rattan S.S. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.Theory Of Machines And Mechanisms by Joseph E. Shigley, Jr. Uicker John, Mcgraw-hill publications. 2. Dynamics of Machinery by A.R.Holowenko, John Wiley & sons. 3. Kinematics & Dynamics of Machinery by R L. Norton, Tata - Mc Graw Hill. 4. Theory of Machines by R.S.Khurmi and J.K.Gupta, S.Chand and Co. 5. Theory of Machines by P.L. Ballaney, Khanna Publishers. 6. Theory of Machines by Dr. R.K. Bansal, Laxmi Publications. 7. Theory of Machines-2 by J.B.K.Das, Sapna book house. SCHEME FOR END SEMESTER EXAMINATION: One question to be set from each unit. Students have to answer any FIVE full questions out of EIGHT questions, choosing at least 2 questions from part A and 2 questions from part B.

DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS - I


Course Code: P08ME52 Credits : 4 Total hours : 52 Hours per week : 04

PART A UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION, designation and Mechanical properties of Engineering Materials, design considerations, basic design concept (strength consideration), Failure of brittle materials, Failure of ductile materials, factor of safety, criteria for selection of factor of safety, design of simple machine members subjected to static loading (including eccentric load) [limited to biaxial stresses (normal, shear, bending, torsional, crushing/bearing, principal stresses)]. 06 Hours UNIT - 2 THEORIES OF FAILURE - Maximum normal stress theory, Maximum shear stress theory, Distortion energy theory. STRESS CONCENTRATION, Stress concentration factor, design of simple elements with stress raisers. IMPACT STRENGTH: Introduction, Impact stresses due to axial, bending and torsional loads, effect of inertia. 06 Hours UNIT - 3 DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS SUBJECTED TO FLUCTUATING LOAD: Introduction, types of fluctuating stresses, fatigue and endurance limit, S-N Diagram, Low cycle fatigue, High cycle fatigue, endurance limit, modifying factors: load, size and surface factors, Stress concentration effects; notch sensitivity, design for infinite life, combined steady and variable stress, Soderberg and Goodman relationship, stresses due to combined loading, cumulative fatigue damage Miners equation. 08 Hours UNIT - 4 DESIGN OF SIMPLE MACHINE ELEMENTS: Design of Cotter and Knuckle joints. Keys: Types of keys, Design of keys, Couplings, types of couplings, design of flange type of rigid coupling, design of Bush and Pin type of flexible couplings. 06 Hours PART - B UNIT - 5 DESIGN OF SHAFTS: Introduction, types of shafts, shafts subjected to combined bending and twisting, shaft design (including hollow shafts) based on strength, shaft design based on torsional rigidity, ASME code for shaft design. 07 Hours

UNIT - 6 THREADED JOINTS: Introduction, basic terminology of screw threads, types of screw threads, types of screw fastenings, designations of screw threads, Stresses in threaded fasteners due to static loading, Effect of initial tension, threaded joints for cylinder covers, design of eccentrically loaded bolted joints. 06 Hours UNIT - 7 RIVETED JOINTS Introduction, methods of riveting, Types of rivets,rivet materials, types of riveted joints, failures of riveted joints, joint efficiency, design of boiler Joints. 06 Hours UNIT - 8 WELDED JOINTS: Introduction, types of welded joints, design of welded joints (butt joints, fillet welds, axially loaded unsymmetrical welded joints, eccentrically loaded welded joints), POWER SCREWS: Introduction, Types of screw threads used for power screws, Design of Power Screws, efficiency, self-locking and over hauling. 07 Hours DESIGN DATA HAND BOOKS : 1. Design Data Hand Book by K. Mahadevan and Balaveera Reddy, CBS Publication 2. Design Data Hand Book K. Lingaiah, McGraw Hill, 2nd Ed.2003. 3. PSG design data handbook by PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore. TEXT BOOKS : 1.Design of Machine Elements: V.B. Bhandari, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2nd Edition 2007. 2. A text book of Machine Design: R.S. Khurmi and J.K. Gupta, S.Chand&co. REFERENCE BOOKS : 1. Mechanical Engineering Design: Joseph E Shigley and Charles R. Mischke. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, 8th Edition 2008. 2. Theory and problems of Machine Design: Hall, Holowenko, Laughlin (Schaums Outlines series), Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi. 3. Machine design: Paul H. Black, McGraw-Hill International Book Company. 4. Machine design-I: J.B.K. Das, Sapna book house, Bangalore. 5. Machine design: Robert L Norton, Prentice hall. SCHEME FOR END SEMESTER EXAMINATION : One question to be set from each unit. Students have to answer any FIVE full questions out of EIGHT questions, choosing at least 2 questions from part A and 2 questions from part B.

TURBO MACHINES
Course Code: P08ME53 Credits : 3:2 Total hours : 52 Hours per week : 04

PART A UNIT - 1 ENERGY TRANSFER IN TURBO MACHINE: Definition of a turbo machine; Parts of a Turbo machine; Comparison with positive displacement machine; Classification. Euler Turbine equation; Alternate form of Euler turbine equation components of energy transfer; Degree of reaction; general expression for degree of reaction; Velocity triangles for different values of degree of reaction; 07 Hours UNIT 2 GENERAL ANALYSIS OF TURBINES : Efficiency and Utilization factor; Radial flow turbines and Axial flow turbines, Vane efficiency; Relation between utilization factor and degree of reaction; Condition for maximum utilization factor - Optimum blade speed ratio for different types of turbines Impulse, reaction and 50% reaction turbines. 07 Hours UNIT 3 RADIAL FLOW MACHINES: Analysis of Turbomachines with radial flow General analysis of radial flow pumps and compressors Effect of blade discharge angle on performance; Theoretical head-capacity relationship; general expression for degree of reaction; Velocity triangles for different values of degree of reaction; 06 Hours UNIT 4 BLOWERS AND COMPRESSORS: Introduction; Centrifugal Blowers, Types of vane shape and efficiency, stress and characteristics., Slip coefficient, Centrifugal compressors, compressibility and pre-whirl, The axial flow compressor, compressor cascade performance, Axial flow compressor performance and preheat in compressors. 06 Hours PART - B UNIT 5 IMPULSE HYDRAULIC TURBINES: Classification of hydraulic turbines; Impact of jets on stationary and moving plates (Flat, inclined and curved type). Pelton Wheel Velocity triangles, bucket dimensions, turbine efficiency, volumetric efficiency; 06 Hours

UNIT - 6 REACTION HYDRAULIC TURBINES : Francis turbine velocity triangles, runner shapes for different blade speeds, Design of Francis turbine; Draft tub and its functions, types of draft tubes; Kaplan and Propeller turbines Velocity triangles and design. 07 Hours UNIT 7 STEAM TURBINES: Impulse staging and need for compounding; Velocity and pressure compounding condition for maximum utilization factor for mult stage turbine with equiangular blades; Effects of blade and nozzle losses; Reaction staging; Reheat factor in turbine. 07 Hours UNIT 8 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS: Centrifugal pumps; definition of terms used in the design of centrifugal pumps like manometric head, suction head, delivery head, manometric efficiency, hydraulic efficiency, volumetric efficiency,overall efficiency, multistage centrifugal pumps design procedure, - General analysis of axial flow pumps axial flow pump. 06 Hours TEXT BOOKS : 1. An introduction to energy conversion, Volume III Turbo machinery, V.Kadambi and Monohar Prasad, Wiley Eastern Ltd. (1977) 2. Principles of Turbo Machinery D.G.Shepherd, the Macmillan Company (1964). REFERENCE BOOKS : 1 Gas Turbine Theory H.Cohen, GFC Rogers, and HIH Saravanamuttoo, th Thomson Press (India) Ltd., 4 Edition (1998). nd 2. Gas Turbines, V.Ganesan, Tata McGraw Hill Company Limited 2 Edition (2002). 3. Turbines, Compressors and Fans, S.M.Yahya, Tata-McGraw Hill Co., nd 2 Edition (2002). 4. A Treatise on Turbo machines, G.Gopalakrishnan, D.Prithviraj, Scitech Publications (India) Pvt. Limited (2002). SCHEME FOR END SEMESTER EXAMINATION: One question to be set from each unit. Students have to answer any FIVE full questions out of EIGHT questions, choosing at least 2 questions from part A and 2 questions from part B.

MANUFACTURING PROCESS - III


Course Code: P08ME54 Credits : 4 Total hours : 52 Hours per week : 04

PART A UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION TO METAL WORKING: Classification of metal working processes, characteristics of wrought products, advantages and limitations of metal working processes. Concepts of true stress, true strain, triaxial & biaxial stresses. Determination of flow stress. Principal stresses, Tresca & von-Mises yield criteria, concepts of plane stress & plane strain. 07 Hours UNIT - 2 EFFECTS OF PARAMETERS : Temperature, strain rate,friction and lubrication, hydrostatic pressure in metalworking, Deformation zone geometry, workability of materials, Residual stresses in wrought products. 06 Hours UNIT - 3 FORGING: classification of forging processes. Forging machines & equipment. Expressions for forging pressures & load in open die forging and closed die forging by slab analysis, concepts of friction hill and factorsaffecting it, Die-design parameters. Material flow lines in forging. Forging defects, Residual stresses in forging. Simple problems. 07 Hours UNIT - 4 ROLLING: classification of Rolling processes. Types of rolling mills,expression for RoIling load. Roll separating force. Frictional losses in bearing etc,power required rolling, Effects of front & back tensions,frictions, friction hill.Maximum possible reduction. Defects in rolled products. Rolling variables, simple problems. 06 Hours PART B UNIT - 5 EXTRUSION:Types, Application,Vaeriables in extrusion,Extrusion dies.Variables in extrusion. Relationship between speed of extrusion and extrusion pressure. Special extrusion processes: Impact extrusion, hydrostatic extrusion,extrusion of brittle metals, Seamless Tube extrusion, Closed cavity extrusion, Powder extrusion. Metal flow pattern in extrusion with and without lubricatrion. Defects in extruded products. Analysis for extrusion force. Simple problems. 07 Hours

UNIT - 6 WIRE DRAWING: Introduction ,Drawing ratio, Steps in drawing operation. Work done in homogenous deformation . Work formula for wire drawing. Max.possible reduction of area per pass. Drawing equipment & dies, Drawing speed Vs wire diameter. Drawing stress Vs strasin. Expression for drawing load by slab analysis. Power requirement. Redundant work and its estimation, optimal cone angle & dead zone formation, drawing variables, Tube drawing process and classification of tube drawing, simple problems. HIGH ENERGY RATE FORMING(HERF): Principles, advantages and applications, Explosive forming, Electro Hydraulic forming, Electromagnetic forming. 07 Hours UNIT - 7 SHEET & METAL FORMING: Forming methods, dies & punches, progressive die, compound die, combination die. Rubber forming. Open back inclinable press (OBI press), piercing, blanking, bending, deep drawing, LDR in drawing, Forming limit criterion, defects of drawn products, stretch forming. Roll bending & contouring, Sheet metal drawing process, types. Deep drawing , stresses in deep drawing Simple problems. 06 Hours UNIT - 8 POWDER METALLURGY: Basic steps in Powder metallurgy brief description of methods of production of metal powders,Characteristics of powder. Condi-tioning and blending powders, Compaction and sintering. Sintering types, Mechanism of Sintering,Effect of sintering on structure and dimensional changes. Sintering furnaces, post sintering operations. Application of powder metallurgy components, advantages and limitations. 07 Hours TEXT BOOKS : 1. Mechanical Metallurgy (SI units), by G.E. Dieter, Mc Graw Hill pub.2001 2. Manufacturing Eng. and Technology by SeropeKalpakjian&Stevan R. REFERENCE BOOKS : 1. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing by E.paul,Degramo,J.T. Black,Ronald, A.K. Prentice -hall of India 2002. 2. Principles of Industrial metal working process -G.W.Rowe,CBSpub2002 3.Manufacturing Science,by AmitabhaGhosh&A.K.Malik-EastWestpress,2001 4. Theory of Plasticity by dr. Sadhu Sing SCHEME FOR END SEMESTER EXAMINATION: One question to be set from each unit. Students have to answer any FIVE full questions out of EIGHT questions, choosing at least 2 questions from part A and 2 questions from part B.

ENGINEERING ECONOMICS
Course Code: P08ME55 Credits : 3 Total hours : 52 Hours per week : 04

UNIT-7 REPLACEMENT ANALYSIS : Basic reasons of replacement, present asset and its replacement, consideration leading to replacement,installation and removal cost, Numerical Problems. . 07 Hours UNIT- 8 ESTIMATION OF MATERIAL COST: procedure for Estimation,Estimating, the weight of Raw materials & material cost, Numerical Problems.06 Hours TEXT BOOKS : 1. Engineering Economics TARACHAND 2. Industrial Management Engg & Economics Banga & Sharma. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Engineering Economics Thuesen Prentice Hall. 2. Engineering Economics Grant & Ireson Ranald Press Co. 3. Mechanical Estimating & Costing Kannapan Augutine & Paramdhaman Tata McGraw Hill. 4. Engineering Economics Horengren. 5. Production Engg. Estimating & Costing Adithan & Pable Kornark Publishers. SCHEME FOR END SEMESTER EXAMINATION: One question to be set from each unit. Students have to answer any FIVE full questions out of EIGHT questions, choosing at least 2 questions from part A and 2 questions from part B.

PART A
UNIT-1 INTRODUCTION: Definition and meaning of economic terms goods, want, demand, supply wealth, utility, law of returns. Demand, supply and equilibrium. Demand theory, total and marginal utility substitution and income effect, price elasticity of demand.Wages-definition, Rent and profifts.06 Hours UNIT-2 MONEY AND EXCHANGE : Definition and function of money, Qualities of a good money, classification of money, value of money, indexnumbers, appreciation and depreciation of money, Greshams Law and its limitations. Theory of exchange, barter, stock exchange, Speculation. TAXATION AND INSURANCE: Principle of taxation,characterstics of a good taxation system, kind of taxes and their merits and demerits. 08 Hours UNIT-3 INTEREST : Simple and Compound interest. Interest Formulae and Numerical Problems. 05 Hours UNIT-4 DEPRECIATION: causes of depreciation, methods of calculating depreciation, straight line method, sinking funds method, sumof the year digits methods, declining balance, Numerical Problems. 07 Hours PART B UNIT-5 COMPARISON OF ALTERNATIVES: Present worth method equiivalent Annual cost method and Rate of Return method, Numerical Problems. 06 Hours UNIT-6 COSTS & COST ACCOUNTING: First Cost, Fixed cost, variable cost, incremental cost, sunk cost and marginal cost, break even Analysis & Minimum cost Analysis, Material cost, labour cost, Allocation of overheads by different methods, Man hour rate, machine hour rate, Numerical Problems. 07 Hours

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MECHATRONICS & MICROPROCESSOR


Course Code: P08ME56 Credits : 4 Total hours : 52 Hours per week : 04

types, classification of instructions, adressing modes, space and time requirements programming the 8085, The programming process machine language programming. assembly language programming. 07 Hours UNIT-7 CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT OF MICROPROCESSORS: Introduction, timing and control unit - basic concepts, the fetch operation execute cycle, machine cycle and state, Instruction and data flow, timings of intel 8085, 8085 busses, opcode fetch cycle, memory and I/O read cycles, memory and I/O write cycles, interrupt timings, interrupt acknowledge machine cycle, bus idle machine cycle, the HALT and HOLD states, initiating system operations, state transition sequence. 06 Hours UNIT-8 MICRO PROCESSOR DATA REPERSENTATION : Positional number system, binary number system, Decimal number system, Hexadecimal number sytem,Conversion from one number system to another Negative number representation, representation floating point numbers, accuracy and range in floating point representation, Binary Arithmetic : addition and subtraction of binary integers, overflow and underflow, addition of floating point numbers, character representation 07 Hours Laboratory componet to be covered above ( Not included for SEE) TEXT BOOK : 1.Microprocessor Architecture, programming and applications with 8085/ 8085A R.S. Ganokar, Wiley Eastern. 2.Introduction to Microprocessor 3rd edition, A.P. Mathur, Tata mc Graw Hill. 3.Mechatronics W. Bolton, Longman, 2 Ed. Addison Wesley Longman, Pearson? Pub, 1999 (Delhi). REFERENCES BOOKS : 1. Digital Computer Electronics by Malvino. 2. Mechatronics & Microprocessors by K.P. Ramachandran, G.K. Vijaya Rghava, M.S. Bala sundaram, wiley precise India, first edition - 2009. 3. Mechatronics & Microprocessors by V.S. Bagad and A.P. Godse, technical publication Pune, 1st edition -2009. SCHEME FOR END SEMESTER EXAMINATION: One question to be set from each unit. Students have to answer any FIVE full questions out of EIGHT questions, choosing at least 2 questions from part A and 2 questions from part B.

PART A UNIT-1 MECHATRONICS: Introduction, Mechatronics systems, Mechatronics approach measurements systems, control systems, open & closed loop control systems, Basic elements of closed loop control system, Micro processor - based controllers such as automatic camera and engine management system. 05 Hours UNIT-2 SENSORS FOR MECHATRONIC SYSTEMS : Classifications, light sensors, Tactile Sensors, inputting data by switches, their merits and demerits, Hall - effect sensors, proximity sensors, selection of sensors, piezoelectric sensors. 06 Hours UNIT-3 ELECTRICAL ACTUATION SYSTEMS : Electrical systems. Mechanical Switches, relays, Solid-state switches, diodes, thyristors and triacs, bypolar transistors, mosfets, Solenoids, DC motors, Basic principles, parmanent magnet DC motors with filed coils, brushless permanent magnet DC motors, AC Motors , Stepper motors and their merits and demerits. 08 Hours UNIT-4 SIGNAL CONDITIONING : Introduction to Signal conditioning. Signal conditioning process, operational amplifiers, inverting and non-inverting OpAmp, protection,filtering, Digital signals, ADC, DAC Multiplexers, Data acquisition, Pulse modulation. 07 Hours PART B UNIT-5 INTRODUCTION TO MICROPROCESSORS : Evolution of Microprocessor, Organization of Microprocessors basic concepts of programming of microprocessors, instructions, machine and mnemonic codes, machine and assembly language programming, high level language programming. 06 Hours UNIT-6 ORGANISATION & PROGRAMMING OF MICROPROCESSORS : Introduction to organization of INTEL 8085, Data and address busses, adress in the I/O devices, registers in the 8085, Instruction set of 8085, instruction

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MACHINE SHOP
Course Code: P08MEL57 Credits : 3 Total hours : 42 Hours per week : 03

ENERGY CONVERSION ENGINEEERING LAB


Course Code: P08MEL58 Credits : 3 PART A Total hours : 42 Hours per week : 03

PART A
1. Plain turning, Taper turning, Step turning, thread cutting, Facing, Knurling, Eccentric turning using Lathe. PART B 2. Cutting of Gear teeth using Milling Machine. 3. Cutting of V -Groove / Dovetail / Rectangular groove using Shaping machine. PART C 4. Demonstation of surface grinding. 5. Demonstation of wood turning Scheme for Examination: One Question from Part - A One Question from Part - B Viva-Voce Total 1. Determination of Flash point and Fire point of lubricating oil using Abel Pensky and Martin (Closed) / Cleavland (Open Cup) Apparatus. 2. Determination of Calorific value of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. 3. Determination of Viscosity of a lubricating oil using Redwoods, Saybolts and Torsion Viscometers. 4. Valve Timing/port opening diagram of an I.C. engine (4 stroke/2 stroke). 5. Use of planimeter 6. Calibration of thermocouple. 21 Hours PART B 1. Performance Tests on I.C. Engines, Calculations of IP, BP, Thermal efficiencies, SFC, FP, heat balance sheet for (a) Four stroke Diesel Engine (b) Four stroke Petrol Engine (c) Multi Cylinder Diesel/Petrol Engine, (Morse test) (d) Two stroke Petrol Engine (e) Variable Compression Ratio I.C. Engine. 21 Hours Scheme for Examination: One Question from Part A One Question from Part B Viva-Voce Total

30 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 50 Marks

15 Marks (05 Writeup + 10) 25 Marks (05 Writeup + 20) 10 Marks 50 Marks

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