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Afghan Police Congressional Research Service NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33627.pdf In March 2008, [Afghan]officials at the EU suggested that the EUPOL training team could be doubled. In 2009, the EUPOL mission consisted of approximately177 international trainers along with some 91 local staff.

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Womens Rights Afghan Women Speak: Enhancing Security and Human Rights in Afghanistan http://www.humansecuritygateway.com/documents/KROC_AfghanWomenSpeak_EnhancingSec urityandHumanRightsinAfghanistan.pdf Women who seek help from the police are frequently turned away, or exposed to further violence and sexual assault.51 There are now some 700 female officers in a force of over 100,000 police. 7.3 million students are enrolled in primary and secondary schools 37 percent female compared to less than 900,000 students (all male) in 2002. Teacher numbers grew from 20,700 men in 2002, to 158,000 teachers in 2008 28.8 percent female. Brookings: Afghanistan Index http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/Programs/FP/afghanistan%20index/index.pdf 27% of Women now have a seat in Government.

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Education Afghan Women Speak: Enhancing Security and Human Rights in Afghanistan http://www.humansecuritygateway.com/documents/KROC_AfghanWomenSpeak_EnhancingSec urityandHumanRightsinAfghanistan.pdf There are 12,000 schools in Afghanistan, 4,480 established since 2002. More than 61 million textbooks for primary and secondary schools are being distributed. Thousands of students are enrolled in community-based schools, which provide education to children in areas without government school facilities. 62,000 Afghans are enrolled in universities.

Brookings: Afghanistan Index http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/Programs/FP/afghanistan%20index/index.pdf Went from 1.75 million boys and 500 thousand girls enrolling into school in 2002 to now about 4.25 million boys are enrolling and 2 million girls are enrolling. Five Year Afghanistan Report http://www.defense.gov/home/dodupdate/For-therecord/documents/afghanfactsheet20061019.pdf At least 5 million students are enrolled, a 500 percent increase since 2001. Of these, 40 percent are women and girls. More than 50,000 teachers have been trained. At least 65,000 teachers regularly listen to a radio teaching program that airs daily. More than 500 schools, which serve 400,000 students, have been built. All are repaired with local materials and expertiseand are earthquake-resistant. The United States helped create an Afghanistan Primary Education Program to make up for lost schooling years under the Taliban. At its peak, 170,000 students attended daily, 58 percent of whom were women. The United States has helped print more than 48 million textbooks and distribute more than 42 million textbooks.

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Peace Talks The New York Times Filkins, Dexter. " Taliban Elite, Aided by NATO, Join Talks for Afghan Peace." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. The New York Times, 19 Oct. 2010. Web. 14 Nov. 2010. http://www.nytimes.com Peace Talks

NATO improves the government and education

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Health Care Services Acerra, John R., Kara Iskyan, Zubair A. Qureshi, and Rahul K. Sharma. "Rebuilding the Health Care System in Afghanistan: an Overview of Primary Care and Emergency Services." NBCI. 5 June 2009. Web. 14 Nov. 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2700223/ Currently 82% of the entire population lives in districts where primary care services are provided by NGOs under contracts with the Ministry of Public Health of Afghanistan or through grants Six years ago only 9% of Afghanistans population of 28 million people had basic health coverage. Today nearly 85% of the population has access (within a 2-h walk) to basic health care. Five Year Afghanistan Report http://www.defense.gov/home/dodupdate/For-therecord/documents/afghanfactsheet20061019.pdf At least 80 percent of the population has access to at least basic health care. More than 500 health clinics have been built and serve 340,000 patients per month. These clinics reach approximately 7.4 million citizens. For rural areas, at least 2,000 community health workers have been trained, and they treat an additional 150,000 people per month. Since 2004, full immunization for children 12 years of age has increased 150 percent, to 37 percent of the population. The United States has helped vaccinate at least 5 million children. The United States has treated 700,000 cases of malaria. To combat childhood polio, the United Nations Childrens Fund and the World Health Organization provided vaccinations of 9.9 million children.

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Economy Brookings: Afghanistan Index http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/Programs/FP/afghanistan%20index/index.pdf Inflation has gone down from 24.1% in 2003 to now 6.8% in 2010. Five Year Afghanistan Report http://www.defense.gov/home/dodupdate/For-therecord/documents/afghanfactsheet20061019.pdf The Afghanistan economy was valued at $2.4 billion in 2002. The number for 2006 is $7.3 billion, and projected to rise to $8.8 billion next year. Per capita income has doubled since 2001. The government of Afghanistan collected more than $177 million in revenue in 20022003, and $300 million in 20042005, an increase of 70 percent. President Karzai estimates the revenue for 20052006 will be $500 million. More than 3 million land deeds and more than 55,000 businesses have been registered since 2001. At least 85 percent of all property deeds have been restored or reorganized, decreasing land-ownership disputes. There is now a Central Bank with 32 computerized provincial branches. The Central Bank has $2 billion in foreign reserves. More than 10,000 kilometers of road have been built or improved since the Taliban fell. And at least 3,000 kilometers more are under construction.

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Afghan Security Forces Brookings: Afghanistan Index http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/Programs/FP/afghanistan%20index/index.pdf Gone up from 6,000 ANA forces in 2003, when NATO came in, to now over 138,000 ANA troops

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Development/Infrastructure Carl, Stephanie L. "United States Department of Defense (defense.gov)." The Official Home of the Department of Defense. 27 Aug. 2004. Web. 14 Nov. 2010. http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=25435 These projects range from rebuilding schools and hospitals, to paving roads, digging wells and building a library that now boasts more than 1,000 volumes. The PRT also donates supplies to establishments, including schools, hospitals and orphanages.

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Government Five Year Afghanistan Report http://www.defense.gov/home/dodupdate/For-the record/documents/afghanfactsheet20061019.pdf The Afghanistan constitution, signed into law in 2004, includes provisions to protect individual rights, particularly for women. In the 2004 presidential election, more than 8 million Afghans voted, and 41 percent were women. In the 2005 parliamentary election, more than 50 percent of eligible voters cast a ballot. Women hold 68 of 188 seats in the lower house of parliament. Approximately 50,000 domestic election observers were trained for the 2005 parliamentary election. At least 40 judicial centers have been built or rehabilitated, and almost 600 judges trained. There are now 32 independent radio stations that reach 60 percent of the population. At least 4.7 million refugees have returned to Afghanistan.

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Agriculture Five Year Afghanistan Report http://www.defense.gov/home/dodupdate/For-the record/documents/afghanfactsheet20061019.pdf There have been more than 28,000 micro-loans given out for agricultural activities. At least 140 farm markets have been constructed. Agricultural programs to increase farming efficiency now extend to more than 1 million farmers. At least 2.5 million Afghans have benefited from irrigation and road projects linking farms to market. Irrigation rehabilitation has improved water supplies for more than 1 million acres approximately 10 percent of nationwide farmland. More than 210 irrigation structures have been built and nearly 4,500 kilometers of canals cleaned. Since 2004, there has been a 40 percent increase in cereal production, and a 46 percent increase in wheat production. Almost 4,000 acres of fruit and nut orchards have been planted in the eastern region. More than 19,000 women have been trained in improved poultry management. At least 14 million head of cattle have been vaccinated or treated. For every $1 USAID has invested in agriculture, there has been an $11 return. Only 8 percent of the population makes its living from the opium trade.

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Instead of Opium O'Donnell, Lynne. "New Programs to Wean Afghanistan off Opium." Calgary Herald Breaking News, Business, Sports, Video and Classifieds. 14 Nov. 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. http://www.calgaryherald.com/programs wean Afghanistan opium/3825787/story.html Stanikzai said the farm-gate price for opium in Herat earlier this year was $95 a kilo, compared to $2,000 for saffron.

"And of course it brings in more income than poppies: farmers can earn $3,000 to $5,000 per hectare from opium, but saffron farmers after three years can make up to $30,000 per hectare,"