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OER in Brazil: State of the Art, Challenges and Prospects for Development and Innovation

Dr Andreia Inamorato dos Santos


ainamorato@gmail.com/@aisantos OER World Congress Paris - June 2012

ReRResults from TesCA Award 2011-2012


Zainal Hasibuan Eko Indrajit Nizam

ICT Readiness

bridging gaps connec.ng islands of knowledge

here

DGHE-Aptikom Research on 350 HEIs

ObjecCves

Measuring the adop.on level of open educa.on Dening issues surrounding sharing resources Determining open educa.on ecosystem Finding the ways to expedite the implementa.on

In 2011, APTIKOM and Ministry of EducaCon are conducCng research on 350 HEIs to map and to nd issues on implemenCng open educaCon concepts

Maturity Model Approach Example


Maturity Level

0 Do not care 1 LiPle support 2 ParCal parCcipaCon 3 Signicant adopCon 4 Strong implementaCon 5 Embedded culture

In 2011, APTIKOM and Ministry of EducaCon are conducCng research on 350 HEIs to map and to nd issues on implemenCng open educaCon concepts

Maturity Model Approach Example


Maturity Level

0 Nobody involved 1 A few people involved 2 A few groups involved 3 Several groups involved 4 Most people involved 5 Everybody involved

In 2011, APTIKOM and Ministry of EducaCon are conducCng research on 350 HEIs to map and to nd issues on implemenCng open educaCon concepts

The Internal Campus Ecosystem

SUPERSTRUCTURE AND POLICIES PEOPLE STAKEHOLDERS COMMUNITY LITERACY PROCESS EDUCATION DELIVERY PARADIGM CONTENT KNOWLEDGE ASSETS AND REPOSITORY TOOLS APPLICATIONS SPECTRUM AND ICT ROLES

INFRASTRUCTURE AND RESOURCES

PromoCng open educaCon iniCaCve in a campus environment should be done by using holisCc and systemic approach to accelerate adopCon

Infrastructure
Computer for Students
5 4 3 2 1 0 0.56 % 11.52 % 8.99 % 18.54 % 32.58 % 27.81 % 5 4 3 2 1 0 13.20 % 5.06 % 3.09 % 1.12 % 27.25 %

Computer for Professors


50.28 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

Computer for Stas


4.21 % 53.09 % 28.65 % 8.99 % 3.65 % 1.40 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

ConnecCvity and Coverage


59.83 % 18.54 % 9.27 % 5.90 % 5.06 % 1.40 %

BeOer availability

2.84

4.13

3.49

4.18

From the infrastructure point of view, most of the higher educaCon insCtuCons have equipped with adequate technology and tools for learning purposes

Superstructure
IT Masterplan
5 11.52 % 14.89 % 23.03 % 24.16 % 21.91 % 4.49 % 5

IT Division
5.06 % 19.38 % 22.75 % 34.55 % 13.48 % 4.78 % 5

IT Governance
9.55 % 11.24 % 27.25 % 21.63 % 25.56 % 4.78 % 5

IT Budget
16.57 % 11.24 % 14.04 % 30.90 % 22.47 % 4.78 %

Availabe/favorable

2.56

2.54

2.43

2.54

Unlike infrastructure, from the superstructure point of view, there are sCll many things that need to be improved to boost the IT usage performance

Human-ware
Professor's Literacy
5 4 3 2 1 0 5.62 % 7.02 % 9.27 % 13.76 % 37.64 % 26.69 % 5 4 3 2 1 0 5.06 % 21.35 %

Training Program
5.06 % 12.36 % 22.19 % 33.99 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

Technology Culture
18.26 % 24.44 % 30.62 % 21.07 % 1.40 % 4.21 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

IncenCve Scheme
3.65 % 6.18 % 19.38 % 22.75 % 43.26 % 4.78 %

BeOer

2.73

2.30

3.24

1.89

Basically, from the people literacy point of view, most of the campuses are ready although there is a lack of training and incenCve programs in place

Process
ImplemenCng OCW
5 4 3 2 1 0 9.55 % 1.97 % 1.97 % 6.74 % 43.26 % 36.52 % 5 4 3 2 1 0 15.45 % 9.83 %

Using CC License
2.53 % 5.90 % 24.44 % 41.85 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

PromoCng Open Edu


10.11 % 15.73 % 18.26 % 42.70 % 4.49 % 8.71 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

Storing Content
14.33 % 14.04 % 23.88 % 31.46 % 15.73 % 0.56 %

BeOer

1.61

2.09

2.58

2.78

Only a few professors who have promoted and implemented the concept of open educaCon and sharing resources in Indonesia

Content
Sharing Materials
5 4 3 2 1 0 5.34 % 8.99 % 4.21 % 3.65 % 36.80 % 41.01 % 5 4 3 2 1 0 16.57 % 10.67 %

Sharing FaciliCes
8.43 % 6.74 % 18.26 % 39.33 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

Uploading Contents
9.55 % 6.46 % 36.24 % 28.93 % 9.55 % 9.27 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

Opening Willingness
4.49 % 8.71 % 17.98 % 43.26 % 16.01 % 9.55 %

BeOer

2.33

2.19

2.50

2.14

Only a few professors who are willing to share their materials and other teaching resources usually by uploading contents to the internet

Tools
Digitalizing Materials
5 4 3 2 1 0 5.90 % 21.35 % 19.38 % 19.10 % 17.98 % 16.29 % 5 4 3 2 1 0 10.11 % 6.18 %

Using ICT as Tools


24.72 % 20.79 % 20.79 % 17.42 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

ImplemenCng e-learning
7.87 % 13.48 % 17.98 % 34.55 % 19.66 % 6.46 % 5 4 3 2 1 0

Challenging Homework
16.29 % 25.00 % 25.84 % 24.72 % 1.40 % 6.74 %

BeOer

2.94

3.14

2.36

3.10

Most of the higher educaCon insCtuCons have uClised ICT as delivery tools and digitalised their knowledge assets, although only few using them in e-learning

Summary
Infrastructure
Computer for Students 5 4 2.8399 3 2 1 0

Suprastructure
IT Masterplan 5 2.5648 3

Connec.vity and 4.1798 Coverage

Computer for 4.1321 Professors IT Budget 2.542

1 -1

Incen .ve 2.5365 IT Division Sche me

1.8987

Litera cy 5 4 2.7331 3 2 1 0

People ssor's

Profe

2.3064

Traini ng Progr am

3.4099 Computer for Stas Implemen PracCce .ng OCW 5 4 3 1.6099 2 Storing 2.781 Content 1 0 2.0872 Opening Using CC Willingnes License s 2.1376

2.4328 IT Governance Sharing Content Materials 5 4 2.3341 3 2 1 0 2.1912 Challengi Sharing ng 3.0981 Homewo Facili.es rk

3.2446 Techn ology Digitalizi Cultur ng e Materials 5 4 2.9382 3 2 1 0

Tools

Using ICT 3.1408 as Tools

2.5814 Promo.ng Open Edu

2.4972 Uploading Contents

2.3597 Impleme n.ng e- learning

Sharing Facili.es Sharing Materials

CONTENT

Computer for Challenging 4.5 Computer for Implemen.ng e- Computer for Stas 4 3.5 Using ICT as Tools Connec.vity and 3 2.5 Digitalizing Materials IT Masterplan 2 1.5 Opening Willingness IT Division 1 0.5 0 Uploading Contents IT Governance SUPERSTRUCTURE IT Budget

Summary

Professor's Literacy Training Program

Storing Content

Promo.ng Open Edu Technology Culture Using CC License Incen.ve Scheme Implemen.ng OCW

Summary
Infrastructure wise, most campuses had been rela.vely well equipped with ICT Similarly, tools for ICT applica.ons were mostly in place However, from superstructure (ICT governance, incen.ve system), human-ware, prac.ce, and applica.ons, a lot s.ll need to be done

SEE U IN 2013