Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

1.

How to translate English into inequations: To translate English into inequasions, you have to pay close attention to the wording used in the sentence. For example: I am at least 15 years old. From this sentence, we know that I am no less than 15 years old, but, because it isnt specified in the question, I could be 15 years old. So this inequation would look like - T>/= 15. If the question read: I am older than fifteen, I could not be 15 years old, therefore it would look like: T>15. Sometimes, you are given ratios for your inequation, which would look something like this: I am no older than half the age of my father. To write this as an inequation, we need to set this up as a ratio. T/.5=D/1 T=.5D I am NO MORE THAN half the age of my father. T</= .5D 2. How to solve a system of inequations (i.e. how to graph the pgoc, including the vertices) To solve a system of in equations, I like to pretend they are equations, for the purpose of graphing them, and all you need to do for this is change the > or < into an = sign. So lets pretend I am no younger than 10, no older than 20, no more than half my dads age, and my dad is not older than 38. We need to turn these all into inequations. I am x and my dad is y. x>=10 x<=20 y>=2x y<=38 When we graph all these inequations, in order to find the pgoc, we have to shade the lines with respect to the inequation, for example, if y is greater than the rest of the equation, then we shade above the line, and if it is less than, we shade below. Also, to show whether or not the line its self is part of our pgoc, we need to make it dotted or solid. If the line is solid, the points on it are included in our pgoc. </= or >/= represents solid lines, because the answer can be EQUAL to or greater than the equation. If the y is just > or just < (no = sign), then we use a dotted line, meaning that the points on the line are not included in the pgoc. When we have all of this graphed we will have a shaded shape called a pgoc, which includes all the possibilities for x and y, in this case my age that respects the rules of the inequalities. I will graph my example here:

The darkest area is the pgoc.

3. How to optimize the pcoc using the objective function. In some situations, some points in the pgoc can be considered "better" than others, for example, if we are calculating the profit we can make of the sales of a few items, or the money we can save in buying different products, we want to find the minimum or maximum amount. If we changed the earlier example about my age and my dad's age to buying products a (x) and b (y) to sell at my store for profit, then we would want the maximum amount possible. Let's say product a generates a profit of $5, and product b, a profit of $20. After we found our points, we would need a rule to tell us how much profit each point would make us. This is what we call the objective function. All we need to do in order to find it is x(profit of a) + y (profit of b). In this case, that would look like this -- P= 5x +20y If we used the same parameters as our last example, then the graph would look the same.

The best point will always be a vertices of the pgoc (because they are the points furthest in any direction) , if the inequations are included in it, which in this case they are. T find what vertece is the best one, we use canning lines. The scanning line is the objective function, which in this case is 5x+20y. the slope of the scanning line is equal to (-profit a/ profit b). so the scanning line in this case is y= -5/20 -- y=-1/4 Since we are looking for the MAXIMUM profit possible, we want the last point that the scanning line hits. I've included a rough idea of what the scanning line would look like on the graph above, and we can clearly see that it hits the top right vertice last on the pgoc. I will now find that point using the comparison method. I can do this because i know the equations of the two lines that make up this vertice. The two lines are : y=38 and y= 2x. so i will make them equal to each other to find the desired point.

38 = 2x so x =19. we already know that y = 38, because the equation tells us, but to prove it : 2(19)=y so y= 38 .. this is indeed a true statement. so our best point is 19,38.

Now the Question!

First I will write out the inequations. T+C<=48 T<=40 t>=3C Objective function: 20T+12C I will find the 3 vertices of this pcoc (because it is a triangle) and plug them in to the objective function to find the best point. remember! We want to produce the MOST vegetables possible! Let T be x and C y T+C=48 and T=40 40+c=48 C=8 T+8=48 T=40 First point is 40, 48 T=3C and T+C=48 3c+c=48

4c+48 c=12 12*3= 36 second point = 36,12 T=3C and T=40 3C=40 C=13.33 T=40 third point is 40,13.33 When plugged in to the objective function, the best point is: 40,48 and it allows Maria to grow 800 tomatoes and 576 cucumbers, for a grand total of 1376 vegetables! I thought tomatoes were fruits! :O