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FO

ATION COURSE IN ENGLISH-2 (FEG-82)


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Programme: BDP/2W8-09 Course Code: FEG-02

Dear Student,

You are required to do one assibment for the Foundation Course in English-02. It is a Tutor Marked Assigllrnent (TMA) and carries 100 marks: It covers four blocks of the course.

Aims: The TMA is primarily concerned with assessing your writing and study skills. You should not reproduce chunks of information from the units but effectively use the skills that you may have acquired during the course of study to compose your answers. These assignments aim to teach as well as to assess your pefformance.

Guidelines: You will be required to write a paragraph, an essay, reports, make notes and summarize.
As in day-to-day life, planning is important in attempting the assignment as well. Read the assignment carefully; go through the units on which the,questions are based; jot down some points regarding each question and then re-arrange them in a logical order. Pay attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must tell you how to interpret the given topic and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarize your views on the topic. Make sure that your answer: a) b) c) d) is logical is written in simple and correct English does not exceed the number of words indicated in your questions is written neatly and clearly.

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Please remember that it is compdsory to submit your assignment before you can take the Term End Examination. Also remember to keep a copy of your assignment with you and to take a receipt from your Study Centre when you submit the assignment.
The completed assignment should be sent to the Coordinator.at the Study Centre allotted to you. 'Last date for submission of Assignment July 2008 session Jan 2009 session
3 1" March, 2009 30"' Sept, 2009

Good Luck!

Foundation Course in Ex~gllish 1 (FEG-01) Assignment


Course Code: FEG-01 Assignment Code: FEG lKMAI2008-09 Max. Marks: 100

Lnswer all the questions


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Read the following passage and answer the questioi~s follow: that
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The growth and development of the l~uman child iiivolves two parallel processes. One is physiological growth. This is supported by nutrition and exercise and protection from physical harm. The second is the psychological growth of the individual. This is an important aspect of social development; the process whereby the infant gradually becomes an independent ancl active member of hislher comtnunity. A member of human society is an individual who is able to interact and commuriicate effectively with others. This is made possible by h e use of language. Thus one major requirement that must be met as the child grows is the learning of the first language. A inember of society is also a person - an individual wit11 upique characteristics that make up hisfher personality. Among these characteristics are personality traits, interests, abilities and talents. We often refer to a small baby as 5t' even when we know whether it is a boy or a girl. This is because we have not yet begun to see this child as n person.

of b The long process of psyc11ological and social dcvelopmc~~t a child is called socialization. Man is often described as a social animal. One very obvious reason fbr this is that human beings usually live together in Piinilies and widcr communities. But this is not always true. In the folklore of most corninunities there are important characters wbo are wanderers and hermits. These arc individuals who do not claiin to belong to a particular community. And we find such people in modern societies too. The more important and interesting aspect'oi' man's social nature is related to how it is folmed. An individual's persorlality and behaviour are detc~rninedby the culture in which his early socializ,ation took is place. The humdn infar~t born with the potential for developing in a number of ways. The culture into which s k c is boin functions as an envirorinlexlt which provides the opportunity and support for learning various things associated with being a person and meinber of society, At the same tirne it restricts what is learnt by the child. The language the child is exposed to in the home and neighbourhood becomes the first language and the culture of hat particular community is what the child learns and accepts as his own. The language and culture of the community in which socialization takes place, influence the social nature and identity of the individual in important ways. A child has very little choice in these matters. It is only after we have become socialized and learnt how to live in society that we can begin to rebel or become reformers.
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A remakable feature of the process of learning the first lanpages is that it occurs quite naturally and is managed with effectiveness. This strikes us as anlazing

when we n ~ t that this learning of a language takes place 'without any conscious e planning and effort. Various persons around the child help and support this, first language acquisition process, but there is no systematic"teaching. We can 'state another principle now. Every child leans to speak hisher first languages effectively, without planned teaching. Of course after the child goes to school, a great deal more learning takes place under instruction, especially reading and writing. But this curriculum-based teaching is based on what was lea~nt earlier through the natural ,processof socialization.

The growth and development of the h u m ~ , c h i l d involves both as well as of 'the individual.
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1 mark

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What do you think is implied by the term 'social development''? Why is a baby referred to as 'it9? Man is described as a social animal, Is this always tlue? Discuss. What is the role played by culture in the socialization of a child?

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5 marks

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How does a child acquire the first language? Why is it such a remarkable 5 marks process?

viii Give a title to the passage. 2 Pick out the words which mean the same.as the following:

2 marks
10 marks

ideas, customs and art that are shared by a particular society (para-b) traditional stories of'a particular community (para-b) a person who lives alone, leading a very simple life, away from people and normal society (para-b) iv the way a person's or animal's body functions (para-a) v refers to the way a person's mind functions (para-a) vi exceptional (para-c) . ( vii one of a kind (para-a) viii people who wish to change society (pra-b) people who travel from place to place with no desire to settle anywhere (para-b) innate ability (para-b)

Grammar Rewrite the following sentences as per the directions given: 1


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5 marks

If you do not work hard, you cannot succeed. (use 'unless'),, A stranger said to me, "Do you know me?': (change into the indirect form) You do not work hard. You will fail. (use 'if') We missed the bus. We were late for schobl. (use 'because') The tea is very strong. I cannot drink it. (use 'so . . that')

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Fill in the blanks with an appropriate phrasal verb from those given below (there are tvo extra phrasal verbs). Make changes in the form of the verb, where I Srnarks necessary.
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look up take off


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set off look after


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turn down set down


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set up
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the word in the dictionary. the request of the farmers for m9a.e subsidy. The Government He He
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He

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on a long joyney.
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a clinic' in the village.


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The flight could not

on ,timebecause of bad weather.

Fill in the b l a h s with an appropriate word from those given in brackets:


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5marks

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One of his friends Neither of his renlarks Either his brakes or his eyesight One of his best friends song.

(is, are) coming tolhelp him. (was, were) particularly polite.


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(was, were) at fault.

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(was, were) given a hrize. (has, have) composed the music for this

Make wh- questions corresponding to the boM ihle'cizcd words in the following sentences. One is done for you. , Smarks
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The child wanted an apple. What did the child want?


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The girl was sitting in the corner, . Themanager go+ home at I0p.m. His bibther wants to go to ~ a n a dfoi higher studies. a These boys came here last night., Slie ate up all the mangoes Ibougtit yesterday.
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Insert the right preposition in each sentence below. The first' is done as an exampll. 10 m&ks
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We have been assured of help.

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Tell me a way which I can compensate the loss. The company is planning to dispose their propetty soon. The new teacher is able explain us the concepts v e j well..
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Please refer your letter of 6 September. Despite several reminders, you have not replied us. - ' -

They presented hiin hovely painting his birthday.


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viii A total six cultural teams consisting of 48 members were trained.

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Volunteers play a major role.the successful implementation of the campaign. One of the highlights the campaign was the participation of women,

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Transcribe the following words into the phonetic script. Use a dictionary to help . you. 10 marks i .11 . beach baggage iii craft iv college v effect vi festive vii cast viii hot ix shark neck

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Write a short paragraph of about 1M words on any


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of the fillowi'tig topics: : t..lOmiirk~.


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Would you 'rather be a baby, 4 child, a teenager, an adult, middl&aged or . old? Why? . . , .. . 11 Write about a time when you got angry or upset. . . iii The most serious envirhnental problem of present times,' i
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. You wish to g o abroad for your higher edication,andyou are fortunate enodgh to get a partial scholarship. Your m&ther,oppohesthe~ Convince you^ mother in idea. a dialogue of about 200-250 words; r' , 2 0 marks
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You wantto join an N.G.O. whichhelps in rural ,education. You have to stay in the villages for long periods of time. Your father would like youto, take up a more !traditional occupation. Conviyce your father in a . dialoiue of about 200-250 . words, . . '20 matks
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SOWIGNOU/P.O. 46T/May, 2008 , ' Printed at : Sabina Printing Press, 387/24, ~aridabad ,