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GENERAL SPECIFICATION 3.

03 GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING

Chevron Offshore (Thailand) Ltd

0 A Rev.

PH MLJ By

Issued for Use Issue for Review Description

8/2001 6/2000 Date Rvwd Appvd

GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0

INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Scope Exclusions Responsibilities Conflicts and Exceptions

2.0 3.0 4.0

MANDATORY CODES AND STANDARDS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS WELDING 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 General Welding Processes Welding Procedure Qualification Welder and Welding Operator Qualification Production Welding

5.0

FABRICATION, ASSEMBLY AND ERECTION 5.1 5.2 General Piping Pipe Supports

6.0

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT 6.1 6.2 General Exothermic Heat Treatment

7.0

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL 7.1 7.2 General Radiography

8.0

FLUSHING AND HYDROSTATIC TESTING 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 General Preparation for Testing Hydrostatic Leak Testing Post-Test Requirements Leak Repair and Re-testing

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9.0

PNUEMATIC TESTING 9.1 9.2 General Pneumatic Leak Testing

10.0

CLEANING, DESCALING AND PASSIVATING STEEL PIPING 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 General Acid Descaling (Pickling) and Passivation Abrasive Blasting Hot Oil Flushing

11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0

PROTECTIVE COATINGS IDENTIFICATION AND MARKINGS PREPARATION FOR SHIPMENT AND STORAGE DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS

APPENDICES I II III IV V Mandatory Codes and Standards Additional Requirements for Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Additional Requirements for Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Piping Additional Requirements for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Piping Additional Requirements for API 5L Grade X-60 Carbon Steel Piping

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

1.0 1.1 1.1.1

INTRODUCTION Scope This specification, in conjunction with the other Technical Requirements, defines the minimum acceptable requirements for the fabrication, assembly, welding, erection, installation, inspection, testing, cleaning and documentation of carbon and austenitic stainless steel piping systems used in upstream oil and gas production facilities. This specification governs piping systems provided in accordance with API Recommended Practice 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping Systems" and ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." Piping systems constructed of duplex stainless steel materials shall meet the additional requirements specified in Appendix II "Additional Requirements for Duplex Stainless Steel Piping." Piping systems constructed of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) materials shall meet the additional requirements specified in Appendix III "Additional Requirements for Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Piping." Piping systems constructed of Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) materials shall meet the additional requirements specified in Appendix IV "Additional Requirements for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Piping." Piping systems constructed API 5L Grade X-60 materials shall meet the additional requirements specified in Appendix V "Additional Requirements for API 5L Grade X-60 Carbon Steel Piping." This specification shall also apply to the fabrication and attachment of pipe supports. Exclusions This specification does not apply to process design, line sizing, or equipment layout; nor does it apply to piping material and component selection, or to piping design and layout. Specific exclusions include all small bore instrument tubing, sub-sea pipelines, risers and J-tubes.

1.1.2

1.1.3

1.1.4

1.1.5

1.1.6 1.2

1.3

Responsibilities CONTRACTOR shall be solely responsible for providing complete and operable piping systems in full accordance with all applicable Industry Codes and Standards, Government Regulations and COMPANY Technical Requirements.

1.4 1.4.1

Conflicts and Exceptions All conflicts between this specification, the other Technical Requirements, and the applicable codes and standards shall be submitted in writing to COMPANY for resolution. Any and all exceptions to the Technical Requirements shall be submitted in writing to COMPANY for approval.

1.4.2

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2.0 2.1

MANDATORY CODES AND STANDARDS The primary codes governing piping systems provided under this specification shall be API Recommended Practice 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping Systems" and ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." The most recent issue of the codes and standards listed in Appendix I "Mandatory Codes and Standards" shall be considered as a part of this specification. Special design allowances outlined in any of the codes and standards may not be used without written approval of COMPANY. COMPANY "Safety in Designs" Manual (GO-590) shall be considered as part of this specification. CONTRACTOR shall refer to COMPANY "Safety in Designs" Manual regarding all safety concerns related to piping system design, layout, fabrication and assembly, such as valve accessibility guidelines, overhead clearance requirements and valve handwheel/stem position limitations. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS The fabrication, assembly, welding, erection, installation, inspection, testing, cleaning and documentation of piping systems shall be in full accordance with API RP 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping Systems," ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" and COMPANY Technical Requirements. All addenda issued through the date of the Purchase Order, Contract or Agreement, as applicable, shall apply in full. The fabrication, installation, inspection and testing of Polypropylene Lined (PPL) carbon steel piping systems shall be in accordance with ASTM F492 "Propylene and Polypropylene (PP) Plastic-Lined Ferrous Metal Pipe and Fittings," the manufacturer's requirements and recommendations, and the Technical Requirements. Welding and field branch connections shall not be permitted on pre-fabricated, lined spool pieces. The fabrication, installation, inspection and testing of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) piping systems shall be in accordance with the manufacturers requirements and recommendations, and the Technical Requirements. CONTRACTOR shall note that the Technical Requirements do not include complete, detailed piping fabrication, inspection or testing requirements specific to the needs of FRP piping systems. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for developing piping fabrication, inspection or testing requirements to the mutual satisfaction of COMPANY and the FRP piping manufacturer.

2.2

2.3 2.4

3.0 3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

The fabrication, installation, inspection and testing of Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) piping systems shall be in accordance with ASTM D2846 "Specification for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Plastic Hot and Cold Water Distribution Systems," the manufacturers requirements and recommendations, and the Technical Requirements.

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

3.5

The selection of pipe, piping components and valving shall be in full accordance with the Technical Requirements, including General Specification 3.00 "Piping Service Classifications and Material Requirements," and in particular the appropriate Material Class Data Sheet for the intended service. Substitution of alternate materials or components shall require prior written approval by COMPANY. Pipe support materials shall be provided in accordance with the Technical Requirements. As a minimum, pipe supports shall be fabricated from carbon steel that meets the requirements of ASTM A36 or ASTM A-53, A-106-B or API 5L, Grade B pipe, unless specified otherwise. References in this specification to ANSI Class 150, 300, 600, 900, 1500 and 2500 flange ratings refer to ANSI B16.5 "Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings." References to API 3000, 5000 and 10,000 pound flange ratings refer to API 6A "Specification for Wellhead Equipment." All sour service hydrocarbon piping systems shall be in accordance with NACE MR-01-75 "Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Material for Oil Field Equipment." CONTRACTOR shall not proceed with material purchasing or fabrication without approval of COMPANY. As a minimum, all workmanship shall be equal to standard commercial practice in modern fabrication shops. All work shall be performed by workmen skill in their trades. All materials and equipment shall be new and of high quality manufacture. WELDING General All welding shall be in strict accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping," the ASME "Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code" Section IX "Welding and Brazing Qualifications" and the COMPANY Technical Requirements. The welding processes as discussed in this section shall be acceptable for CONTRACTORs use in the fabrication of piping and pipe supports unless otherwise noted in the Technical Requirements. All welding procedures shall be in writing and shall be qualified in accordance with the ASME "Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code" - Section IX "Welding and Brazing Qualifications" as modified by ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." All Weld Procedure Specifications (WPS) and Procedure Qualification Records (PQR) shall be submitted to COMPANY for approval prior to any welding. Only welders qualified in accordance with the ASME "Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code" shall be utilized for fabrication. Welders shall have their qualification certificates available for COMPANY review during all stages of fabrication. If requested by COMPANY, CONTRACTOR shall submit a list of qualified welders and the procedures for which they have been qualified. COMPANY may, at its option, require new qualification tests for any welder working on piping fabrication. Should the welder fail the new qualification tests, Page 6 of 44 8/2001

3.6

3.7

3.8

3.9 3.10

4.0 4.1 4.1.1

4.1.2

4.1.3

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

then CONTRACTOR shall bear all costs for the tests and the welder shall be removed from the work. COMPANY will reimburse CONTRACTOR reasonable costs of new qualification tests passed by the welder in question. 4.1.4 All welding processes shall be identified by number. Identification numbers shall be referenced on all fabrication drawings. CONTRACTOR shall submit fabrication drawings or weld maps that identify the proposed welding process for each weld, or types of weld configurations, prior to the start of welding. COMPANY shall reject any weld that has not been made properly. Defects in welds or fabrication, including fit-up, shall not be permitted which in the opinion of COMPANY are detrimental to the strength of the weld. All repair procedures shall be submitted to COMPANY for approval prior to start of repair work. The cost of preparing repair procedures and repairing defective welds shall to the CONTRACTORs account, not the COMPANY. Any weld tampered with or caulked in any way shall be condemned whether or not it is sound. "Doctoring" the surface of defective welds with a torch shall not be permitted under any circumstances. All welding equipment shall be in good condition and subject to inspection by COMPANY. Any equipment found in need of repair shall be removed from the fabrication work until said repair is completed. Welding Processes General Acceptable weld processes for welding of piping and supports shall include the following: Flux Core-Arc Welding (FCAW) Gas Metal-Arc Welding (GMAW) Gas Tungsten-Arc Welding (GTAW) Shielded Metal-Arc Welding (SMAW) Submerged-Arc Welding (SAW). 4.2.1.2 4.2.1.3 4.2.2 Oxyacetylene welding shall not be permitted. All semi-automatic or fully-automatic welds shall be made utilizing a multi-pass technique. Flux Core-Arc Welding (FCAW) a. Wind velocities shall not exceed 5 mph in the weld area. b. Gas shielded electrodes shall always be utilized, and the electrode diameter shall not exceed 1/8". c. Vertical downhill welding shall not be permitted.

4.1.5

4.1.6

4.1.7

4.2 4.2.1 4.2.1.1

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d. Self-shielded FCAW shall not be permitted for process piping, but may be used for pipe support fabrication. e. Low hydrogen consumables shall be certified by the electrode CONTRACTOR, or tested by CONTRACTOR to result in less than 10 ml of diffusible hydrogen per 100 gm of deposited weld metal. Diffusible hydrogen content shall be measured by the mercury displacement or gas chromatograph method per AWS A4.3. CONTRACTOR shall provide written evidence of compliance with this requirement. The specification sheet for the proposed brand of filler metal from the CONTRACTOR shall be acceptable as written evidence. 4.2.3 Gas Metal-Arc Welding (GMAW) a. Wind velocities shall not exceed 5 mph in the weld area. b. Short-arc GMAW shall be used only for root pass butt welding on piping. c. Short-arc GMAW shall not be used on weld-o-lets, reinforced nozzles and branch welds, couplings, slip-on flanges, socket welds or other pipe appurtenances. 4.2.4 Gas Tungsten-Arc Welding (GTAW) a. Wind velocities shall not exceed 5 mph in the weld area. b. An internal gas purge shall be provided for the root pass and the second layer of autogenous and stainless steel welds. 4.2.5 Shielded Metal-Arc Welding (SMAW) a. Wind velocities shall not exceed 10 mph in the weld area. b. Low hydrogen electrodes shall be required. c. If SMAW low hydrogen electrodes are unsuitable for producing acceptable radiograph quality, then GTAW, GMAW, or cellulosic SMAW electrodes shall be used on the root pass on single-sided butt welds. d. Cellulosic SMAW electrodes shall not be permitted for welds on API flanges. 4.2.6 Submerged-Arc Welding (SAW) a. Wind velocities shall not exceed 10 mph in the weld area. b. All welding shall be multipass, with semi- or fully-automatic equipment. c. Weld passes shall not be greater than 3/8" thick. d. Addition of alloy agents through the flux shall not be acceptable. 4.2.7 4.2.7.1 Filler Metals, Electrodes, Wire and Flux Electrodes, wires and fluxes shall be selected to produce welds with mechanical properties not less than those of the base metal. Filler metal for welding similar materials shall be of the same nominal analysis as the base metal, except E347 electrodes shall be used for SMAW welding of Type 321 material. When Page 8 of 44 8/2001

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

welding two steels of unequal strengths, the welding wire or electrode shall be matched to the higher strength material. 4.2.7.2 4.2.7.3 The weld filler metal in low-temperature piping service shall meet the same impact test requirements as the base metal. Tensile strength of deposited weld metal shall be limited to 100 ksi maximum and shall be verified by a hardness test of the weld material in the procedure qualification. Weld metal hardness shall not exceed 200 Brinell. Carbon steel electrodes for welding API 5L, Grades B and X-42 pipe shall conform to the following ASME specifications: SMAW GTAW/GMAW SAW FCAW ASME SFA-5.1 ASME SFA-5.18 ASME SFA-5.17 ASME SFA-5.20 Classes: E60T-1, E60T-5, E61T-1, E61T-5 E70T-1, E70T-5, E71T-1, E71T-5

4.2.7.4

4.2.7.5

Stainless steel electrodes shall be low carbon "L" grade, and shall conform to the following ASME specifications: SMAW GTAW/GMAW FCAW-g ASME SFA-5.4 ASME SFA-5.9 ASME SFA-5.22

4.2.7.6

Filler metals for joining carbon steels to stainless steels shall be E309L, except in services over 600F where Inco 182 shall be used. Low carbon grades of austenitic stainless steel shall be joined with low carbon weld metal of corresponding composition. The following SMAW SFA-5.1 electrode classifications shall not be acceptable for pressure containing welds: E6012 E6013 E6020 E7014 E7020 E7024.

4.2.7.7

4.3 4.3.1

Welding Procedure Qualification All weld procedures shall have been qualified no more than 6 years prior to the date of the Contract, Agreement or Purchase Order as applicable. Provided that the Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) and Procedure Qualification Records (PQR) are in full accordance with the Technical Requirements, qualification of new procedures will be waived by COMPANY.

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

4.3.2

If new weld procedures or new procedure qualifications are required, CONTRACTOR shall bear all costs. All procedure qualifications shall be performed by an independent testing laboratory suitable to COMPANY. COMPANY shall, at its option, witness the procedure qualifications. Procedure qualifications shall include the composition and flowrate of inert gas backing when used. For low-temperature services, i.e. 34F and below, procedure qualifications for ferritic materials shall include impact tests of both the weld metal and the heat affected zones, even if impact tests are not required on the base material. SMAW welds shall only require testing if impact test are required for the base material. SAW procedure qualification test records shall show the name of the manufacturer and the trade name of the wire and flux used to qualify the procedure. The welding procedure tests shall demonstrate that all details are satisfactory for obtaining full penetration welds for the following types of joints: Double-welded longitudinal and circumferential butt joints Single-welded longitudinal and circumferential butt joints made without a backing ring.

4.3.3 4.3.4

4.3.5

4.3.6

4.3.7

Hardness testing shall be performed as part of the weld procedure qualification for all sour service carbon steel piping. Two hardness traverses, including weld metal, heat affected zone (HAZ), and base metal, shall be made on a polished and etched cross-section of the weld at 1 to 2 mm below the cap pass, and 1 to 2 mm above the root pass. Readings shall be taken every 2 mm in the weld metal and base metal, and every 1 mm in the HAZ, with a minimum of 3 readings in each zone. Maximum hardness shall not exceed Vickers 250 using a load not exceeding 22 pounds (10 kg). Welder and Welding Operator Qualification Welders and welding operators shall have been qualified within the 6 months prior to beginning of fabrication in accordance with the ASME "Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code" - Section IX "Welding and Brazing Qualifications." All welder qualifications and certificates with picture identification shall be submitted to COMPANY for approval prior to any fabrication. If existing welder qualifications are judged inadequate by COMPANY and welders must be requalified, welder re-qualification shall be performed at CONTRACTORs expense. COMPANY reserves the right to witness all welder re-qualification tests. CONTRACTOR shall notify COMPANY a minimum of two weeks prior to the tests to allow COMPANY to witness the tests. Radiographic examination of a qualification test plate (or pipe) in lieu of mechanical testing shall not be accepted by COMPANY.

4.4 4.4.1

4.4.2

4.4.3

4.4.4

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

4.4.5 4.5 4.5.1 4.5.1.1 4.5.1.2

Welders shall have their qualification certificates with picture identification at the work site during all fabrication. Production Welding Joint Preparation and Fit-up Surfaces to be welded shall be clean and free from all galvanizing, paint, oil, dirt, scale, oxides or other materials detrimental to welding. Weld bevels shall be suitable for the welding process selected and shall conform to the bevel in the weld procedure specification. Bevel contour shall permit complete fusion throughout the joint. Weld bevels shall be made by machining, grinding or thermal cutting, and shall be reasonably smooth and true. Materials that require preheat for welding shall be preheated in the same manner for thermal cutting or gouging. Prior to welding, all laminations, split ends and other defects shall be called to the attention of COMPANY and shall be cropped, repaired or removed as directed by COMPANY. The use of backing rings, backup strips, strong backs or welded lugs shall not be permitted. Line-up clamps shall be used when necessary to ensure that fit-up is within design tolerances. Line-up clamps shall not be removed until a continuous stringer bead equal to one quarter of the circumference of the pipe has been completed on both sides of the pipe. Consumable inserts may be used only with written authorization from COMPANY. Approval for use of consumable inserts shall be obtained prior to the start of fabrication and included in the Procedure Qualifications as required by ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." If the wall thickness difference in a butt-weld joint is greater than 1/16", a transition in accordance with API 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping Systems" - Appendix B "Acceptable Butt Welded Joint Design for Unequal Wall Thicknesses" shall be required. The maximum offset shall be 1/16", not 3/32" as allowed by API 14E. If component ends must be trimmed to correct internal misalignment in accordance with API 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping Systems," the trimming shall not reduce the finished wall thickness below the required wall thickness (tm) for the pipe or fitting. The required wall thickness (tm) shall be defined as the design wall thickness including all mechanical, corrosion and erosion allowances. If the required taper in accordance with API 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping Systems" would result in a trimmed wall thickness less than the required wall thickness (tm), then CONTRACTOR shall fabricate a transition spool. This spool shall be fabricated from material equal in grade to the highest grade material to be welded, and shall have a wall thickness equal to the thicker pipe or fitting to be welded. The transition spool length shall be at least one and one half times the nominal pipe diameter, but no less than 12" in Page 11 of 44 8/2001

4.5.1.3

4.5.1.4

4.5.1.5 4.5.1.6

4.5.1.7

4.5.1.8

4.5.1.9

4.5.1.10

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

length. The transition spool shall be internally tapered at one end to match the thickness of the thinner walled pipe or fitting, and beveled for welding. The taper angle shall be approximately 4:1, but not less than 14 degrees. CONTRACTOR shall stencil all transition spools with the pipe size, grade and wall thickness'. 4.5.2 4.5.2.1 Preheat All welded joints shall be preheated in accordance with the approved weld procedures. The minimum preheat temperature for thermal cutting, tacking and welding shall be in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." Preheat shall be maintained during all multi-pass welding. Additionally, preheating to 100F shall be required if the base metal is damp, if the surface temperature is less than 40F or if the relative humidity is above 50%. All API flanges shall be preheated to minimum 400F before welding. Preheat shall be maintained throughout the welding process. Welding COMPANY shall reject any weld that has not been properly made per the Technical Requirements. All welds shall be made in such a manner as to reduce residual stresses. Welding shall not be permitted at ambient temperatures less 40F when either the wind velocity exceeds 10 mph or the relative humidity exceeds 50%. Welding shall not be permitted in inclement weather unless both the welder and the work are well protected from the elements. Electrodes, filler wires and fluxes shall be kept clean, dry and properly stored according to the manufacturer's recommendations. Electrodes, filler wire or fluxes that are damp, greasy or oxidized shall not be used. During welding, care shall be taken to avoid contamination of fluxes. Low hydrogen electrodes shall be protected from moisture and used within 2 hours of breaking the seal on their original (hermetically sealed) containers. If the container has been open for more than 2 hours, but less than 8 hours, the electrodes shall be placed in a heating box and held at 225F for 8 hours minimum, and then used within 2 hours of removal from the hot box. Electrodes exposed longer than 8 hours shall be reconditioned by heating in an oven at 650 to 750F for 1 hour minimum. Weld beads shall be contoured to permit complete fusion at the sides of the bevel and to minimize slag inclusions. Flux and slag shall be completely removed from weld beads, and from the surface of completed welds and adjoining base material. The flux shall be removed in a manner that will not contaminate or overheat the weld or adjoining base metal. All welds shall be thoroughly cleaned after each pass by power wire brushing to remove all slag, scale, splatter, coatings and dirt. Peening shall not be permitted. Page 12 of 44 8/2001

4.5.2.2

4.5.2.3

4.5.3 4.5.3.1

4.5.3.2

4.5.3.3

4.5.3.4

4.5.3.5

4.5.3.6 4.5.3.7

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

4.5.3.8 4.5.3.9 4.5.3.10

Welds on branches or reinforcing pads shall merge smoothly with the surface of the pipe. Sharp corners on reinforcing pads shall be removed. Welding shall not be permitted on valves without prior written approval from COMPANY. Seal welding of threaded joints shall cover all exposed threads and blend smoothly into the pipe. Seal welds on threaded joints shall be made as small as possible using low penetration electrodes. Seal welds shall be tapered gradually. Welds containing cracks, regardless of size or location, shall not be acceptable. Cracks, notches, undercutting or any other evidence of poor workmanship shall be cause for rejection. At the completion of all fabrication work, all excess weld metal, splatter, and other foreign material shall be removed. Welds shall be wire brush cleaned to remove slag and weld spatter. On stainless steel piping, wire brushing shall be done only with stainless steel brushes which have not previously been used on ferritic materials. Edges shall be smoothed or rendered flush with the parent surface unless otherwise approved by COMPANY. Stainless steel piping shall be kept free of surface contamination by iron or other foreign material. Excessive surface contamination and/or oxidation (heat tint) of welds shall be removed using an acid pickling solution or paste, or by blasting with iron-free grit. Weld Repairs Defective welds shall be plainly marked, cut out and repaired or replaced by CONTRACTOR in accordance with the procedures specified in the ASME "Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code" - Section IX "Welding and Brazing Qualifications." CONTRACTOR shall advise COMPANY in writing of all required repairs prior to the start of repair work. All costs associated with repairing defective welds shall be borne by CONTRACTOR. All unacceptable defects in the root or fill passes shall be entirely removed by grinding or oxygen gouging to clean, sound metal. All slag and scale shall be removed by power brushing. Preheating of an area with a defect shall be in accordance with the original preheat requirements for the materials and type of weld. External undercut shall be repaired by grinding off the weld cap in the undercut location and recapping. Arc burn defects shall be ground smooth provided that the depth of the defect does not exceed 8% of the nominal wall thickness. Arc burn defects with a depth greater than 8% but less than 33-1/2% of the nominal wall thickness may be repaired by welding. The defect shall be thoroughly removed by grinding, then the cavity welded and ground smooth. The weld shall be preheated in accordance with the original preheat requirements for the materials and type of weld. Arc burns in excess of 33-1/2% of the nominal wall thickness shall be Page 13 of 44 8/2001

4.5.3.11

4.5.3.12

4.5.3.13

4.5.4 4.5.4.1

4.5.4.2 4.5.4.3

4.5.4.4 4.5.4.5

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

removed by replacing a section of the pipe or fitting in accordance with the following paragraph. 4.5.4.6 Welds may be cut out and repaired in one location a maximum of two times. If the second repair is found to be defective, then a section of the pipe no less than 2'-0" in length (including fittings) shall be removed and replaced. All new welds in the repaired section shall be radiographed and heat treated (if originally required) at CONTRACTORs expense. After completion of the weld repair, the entire circumference shall be radiographed using the original method and acceptance criteria to verify acceptability of the repaired weld. If the original weld required post weld heat treatment, then it shall be heat treated after the repair using the method originally approved by COMPANY. FABRICATION, ASSEMBLY AND ERECTION General Piping Piping shall be neatly installed with piping runs level, straight, plumb, square, and parallel to platform column rows unless otherwise specified by the Technical Requirements or approved by COMPANY. Changes in direction shall generally be made with 90o turns or rolls. Piping terminations at pressure vessels and major equipment, such as pumps or compressors, shall be installed so that mating flanges are parallel, concentric and in contact prior to bolting the piping in place. Flanges shall not require "springing" to insert gaskets. Piping shall not impose loads greater than that allowed by the equipment manufacturer, applicable code or Technical Requirement, whichever is more conservative. Prefabricated pipe spools shall have a sufficient number of properly located field welds to allow flanged connections to be installed without imposing excessive loads, moments or strain into the system. The maximum offset allowed on pipe spools to be welded together shall be 1/16". Bolt holes in flanged joints shall have less than 1/8" offset. Hammering, jacking or other mechanical alignment methods shall not be acceptable. Minimum spacing between circumferential weld joints shall be 2", or 6 times the wall thickness of the pipe, whichever is greater, unless otherwise approved by COMPANY. Couplings or other weld-on type branch connections and fittings shall not be located on a weld joint. Flange bolt holes shall straddle normal horizontal and vertical center lines. Miter welds shall not be acceptable unless approved by COMPANY. A valved drain connection shall be provided by CONTRACTOR at all piping low points regardless of whether or not a drain connection is indicated on the drawings. Piping drain valves shall be a minimum of 3/4" NPS and shall be provided with plugs or blind flanges, unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements. Page 14 of 44 8/2001

4.5.4.7

4.5.4.8 5.0 5.1 5.1.1

5.1.2

5.1.3

5.1.4

5.1.5

5.1.6 5.1.7 5.1.8 5.1.9

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

5.1.10

A vent connection shall be provided by CONTRACTOR at all piping high points where gas may be trapped, regardless of whether or not a vent connection is indicated on the drawings. Vent connections shall be a minimum of 3/4" NPS and shall be provided with plugs or blind flanges, unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements. Threads on threaded pipe and fittings shall be cut to ANSI B1.20.1 "Pipe Threads (Except Dry Seal) Specifications, Dimensions, and Gaging for Taper and Straight Pipe Threads Including Certain Special Applications." Teflon tape or pipe dope shall be used on all threaded pipe joints, except for those joints that are to be back welded. Teflon tape or pipe dope shall only be applied to the male thread of the joint. Piping "as-built" dimensional tolerance with regard to final end-to-end dimensions (across the platform) and location of branches or appurtenances shall be plus or minus 1/8" linearly and plus or minus 2 o angularly. Lines that are designated as "sloped lines" shall maintain a positive slope in the direction specified. For piping that is designated as "sloped," the total slope shall be as uniformly distributed as practicable throughout the entire length of the line by shimming the pipe where necessary. After installation, shims shall be seal welded into place to prevent displacement and loss. Pipe shall be removed or lifted in place to permit surface preparation and coating of the shims. An inert gas arc welding process (TIG or MIG) shall be used on the root pass of welded joints on compressor suction piping that are not accessible for internal inspection and cleaning. The remaining passes may be welded by the Shielded Metal-Arc Welding (SMAW) process. Pipe Supports Pipe supports shall be designed, fabricated and installed in accordance with the AISC "Manual of Steel Construction" and the AWS D1.1 "Structural Welding Code." Pipe supports shall be designed to withstand the load conditions specified by the Technical Requirements. All piping shall be adequately supported and securely clamped to minimize vibration and prevent unnecessary strain on the piping system, including valves, instrumentation, meters and equipment. In general, piping shall be supported as required by the Technical Requirements; namely the approved piping drawings. However, during piping erection additional supports are often deemed necessary to meet the Technical Requirements, and shall be provided by CONTRACTOR at no additional cost to COMPANY. Pipe supports shall be installed such that no piping butt welds rest on the support. Pipe support structures shall be of welded construction. Bolted construction shall be allowed by COMPANY only if welded construction is prohibited by shipping, handling, installation or maintenance considerations.

5.1.11

5.1.12

5.1.13

5.1.14

5.1.15

5.2 5.2.1

5.2.2

5.2.3 5.2.4

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

5.2.5

Pipe supports shall be welded to main structural beams of the platform, deck, module or skid. Pipe supports shall not rest upon or be supported by grating, deck plate or other non-structural elements. Beams shall be fabricated so that after erection any minor camber as a result of rolling or shop assembly will be upward. Holes for bolted connections shall be 1/16" larger diameter than the bolts. All holes shall be drilled prior to the application of any protective coatings. Torch cut holes shall not be accepted by COMPANY. Unless otherwise specified in the Technical Requirements, pipe shall be clamped to pipe supports using bichromated cadmium plated "U" bolts complete with rubber sleeves. Neoprene rubber pads, a minimum of 3/8" thick, shall be provided between the pipe and support for all pipe 8" NPS and smaller. All "U" bolts shall be double nutted with bichromated cadmium plated nuts. COMPANY shall not accept galvanized bolting, including studs, bolts, cap screws, jacking bolts, nuts, washers, "U" bolts, etc., on piping systems, and in particular, not on stainless steel piping systems.

5.2.6

5.2.7

5.2.8

Where COMPANY approval has been granted to weld supports directly to piping, the following requirements shall apply: a. The pipe support shall be welded to the pipe in a manner that will minimize penetration into the pipe and will minimize local stresses induced in the piping. Recommend procedures include SMAW (in the downhill direction) or GMAW. b. Undercutting shall not be accepted under any circumstances. c. The pipe support material shall be compatible with the pipe or fitting material. Preheating, welding and heat treatment of the support to the pipe shall be in accordance with the welding requirements for the pipe.

5.2.9

CONTRACTOR shall demonstrate the acceptability of pipe support welding procedures prior to commencement of work. All pipe support welds shall be subject to visual or NDE inspection and acceptance by COMPANY. Unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements, pipe supports shall be installed so that bolted spool pieces can be removed for maintenance without cutting. Stiffeners shall be fitted accurately, neatly and tightly to transmit bearing loads. Stiffener ends shall be milled or ground smooth to conform to the geometry of the member when fillet welds are utilized. Otherwise, stiffener ends shall be beveled to ensure 100% fusion in the root of the weld. All pipe support welding shall be full seal welds as a minimum. Seal welds shall be placed at all contact edges of plate and on the supporting flanges of beams, tees, etc., and the flat legs of angles. Surfaces inaccessible for coating shall be sealed by boxing-in with plate. Skip or stitch welding shall not be acceptable under any circumstances.

5.2.10

5.2.11

5.2.12

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

5.2.13

Splices in structural shapes and pipe shall be full penetration welds to provide 100% joint efficiency. Splicing tolerances shall comply with the AISC "Manual of Steel Construction." Splices in structural pipe shall not be closer together than one pipe diameter, or 3'-0", whichever is greater. For beams, splices shall not be closer together than twice the depth of the beam, or 3'-0", whichever is greater. If a beam spans a support, the beam shall not be spliced in the middle quarter of the span, in the eighth of the span nearest the support, or over the support. Cantilevered beams shall not be spliced closer to the support than one-half the cantilever span length. As a minimum, pipe supports fabricated as "ship loose" for installation by COMPANY (or Others) shall be test-fitted to confirm fit-up, then coated with primer and color-coded with paint marks to facilitate field assembly. Paint marks shall be at least 2" high unless limited by the size of the member to be marked. Marks shall be applied to members in a protected location where they will not be evident upon completion of installation. Paint mark color shall be in sharp contrast with the primer paint, and shall be compatible with the primer and finish paints specified by the Technical Requirements. Paint shall be durable for exposure to normal atmospheric conditions for a minimum of 6 months. POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT General Post weld heat treatment (PWHT) shall be in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" except as modified by the Technical Requirements. All carbon steel piping with a wall thickness greater than 3/4" shall be post weld heat treated at 1100 to 1200F for 1 hour per inch of nominal wall thickness, but in no case less than 1 hour. During heat treatment, all piping shall be properly supported to prevent warping or deterioration. Machined surfaces shall be protected by suitable paint or compound to prevent damage from scaling during heat treatment. Welding shall not be allowed on piping after post weld heat treatment, unless specifically authorized in writing by COMPANY and in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." When post weld heat treatment of stainless steel piping is required, it shall be at 1550 to 1625F for 1 hour per inch of nominal wall thickness, but with a 1 hour minimum. Cooling from heat treatment temperatures shall be in still air outside the furnace.

5.2.14

5.2.15 5.2.16 5.2.17

6.0 6.1 6.1.1

6.1.2

6.1.3 6.1.4 6.1.5

6.1.6

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

6.2 6.2.1

Exothermic Heat Treatment Heat treatment may be by the exothermic method if the exothermic materials are designed for the application and if consideration is given to the thickness of the piping and the configuration of components being heat treated. CONTRACTOR shall demonstrate successful past experience in using the materials on the specified size and wall thickness of pipe. The process and materials for exothermic treatment shall be subject to approval by COMPANY. QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL General CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for all aspects of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) during all phases of the work, including visual inspection of all weld preparation, joint fit-up, welding and completed assemblies. Corrections shall be made as necessary during joint fit-up and weld preparation to ensure that sound welds can be achieved by the welding process employed. All welds shall be visually inspected after the work is completed. COMPANY reserves the right to inspect, or for an authorized representative to inspect the work at any time during fabrication and to have access to all test records and results. CONTRACTOR shall afford COMPANY, free of charge, all necessary and reasonable information and use of facilities needed for determining that piping systems are being furnished in accordance with the Technical Requirements. COMPANY inspection shall not relieve CONTRACTOR of responsibility for all examinations necessary to assure compliance with the Technical Requirements. Should the work of a fitter, welder or welding operator be judged unsatisfactory by COMPANY, the fitter, welder or welding operator shall be removed from the work by CONTRACTOR. The fitter, welder or welding operator may be reassigned only after the completion of satisfactory re-qualification tests and approval of COMPANY. Radiography Radiographic inspection shall be performed by a qualified third party SubContractor. Self-examination by CONTRACTOR shall not be acceptable to COMPANY. Technicians shall be qualified to American Society of Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) Recommended Practice No. SNT-TC-1A "Nondestructive Testing Qualification and Certification." Inspectors responsible for grading and interpretation of radiographs shall be Technician Level II or III certified by ASNT SNT-TC-1A, and helpers shall be SNT-TC-1A Level I certified as a minimum. Unless specified otherwise in the Technical Requirements, the following minimum percentages of welds in each pipe class shall be radiographically inspected: Pipe Class Rating: Radiograph Inspection Level:

6.2.2 6.2.3 7.0 7.1 7.1.1

7.1.2

7.1.3

7.1.4

7.2 7.2.1

7.2.2

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI API API API 7.2.3

150 300 600 900 1500 2500 3000 5000 10000

10% 10% 10% 20% 20% 100% 100% 100% 100%

In addition to the above requirements, 100% of the welds in hydrocarbon services shall be radiographically inspected. This shall include all lines classified as process lines, instrument gas, utility gas, diesel fuel, fuel gas, blanket gas (if hydrocarbon), utility oils, and pipelines as defined in the Technical Requirements. In addition to the above requirements, 100% of all welds in hydrogen sulfide (H2S) services shall be radiographically inspected, including welds other than girth butt welds if weld geometry permits. Where weld geometry precludes radiographic examination, the weld shall be examined by the magnetic particle or liquid penetrant method as outlined in ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." Where radiography is specified to be less than 100%, the radiography shall be a "random examination" as opposed to a "spot examination." Welds selected to be examined shall be evenly distributed between all pipe spools and welders in so much as reasonably possible. Concurrence of COMPANY shall be obtained on the selection of welds to be examined. Production welding quality shall be established at the beginning of the work by radiographic inspection. Welds selected for examination shall be representative of each welder and welding procedure, and shall be taken shortly after completion of the weld, but not within 24 hours. The percentage of radiographed welds shall be evenly distributed among all welders. Radiographic technique shall produce maximum contrast and good definition of penetrameter holes and shall obtain a film density of 1.7 to 3.5 in the weld image. Fluorescent intensifying screens shall not be used. All penetrameters shall be shimmed to compensate for weld reinforcement. All radiographic film shall be identified with a weld number traceable to the weld location. COMPANY shall not accept any radiographs and/or fabricated items without proper identification of the weld films. COMPANY reserves the right to require additional radiographs. Should additional repairs be required, then CONTRACTOR shall bear all costs for the additional radiographs and repairs. Should repairs not be required, then COMPANY will reimburse CONTRACTOR reasonable costs for the additional radiographs. If less than 100% of the welds are examined, for each unacceptable weld the total number of welds to be examined shall be increased by two welds, up to Page 19 of 44 8/2001

7.2.4

7.2.5

7.2.6

7.2.7

7.2.8

7.2.9

7.2.10

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

and including radiography on every weld if necessary. All costs associated with additional radiography as a result of unacceptable welds shall be at CONTRACTOR's expense. 8.0 8.1 8.1.1 FLUSHING AND HYDROSTATIC TESTING General Upon completion of fabrication and inspection, each piping system shall be flushed and then hydrostatically pressure tested in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" to verify the integrity of the materials and weldments prior to commissioning and placing the systems in service. All piping systems shall be hydrostatically tested, including systems designed for 15 psig and less without regard to the design temperature. Test requirements may waived only by COMPANY. CONTRACTOR shall ensure that all portions of the system are tested. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for ensuring that test pressures required by paragraph 8.3.1 do not result in damage to any piping or system components, including attached equipment and instrumentation. All fabrication, erection and inspection work, including but not limited to welding, nondestructive examination, heat treatment, etc. shall be completed and accepted by COMPANY prior to flushing and hydrostatic testing. The application of paint, insulation or any other pipe coverings shall not start until successful completion of hydrostatic testing. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for performing flushing and hydrostatic testing in accordance with the Technical Requirements. Use of SubContractorCONTRACTOR(s) shall require COMPANY approval. All tests shall be performed at a location suitable for performing the tests. Test equipment including pumps, gauges, recorders, and other items shall be located in the same area, if possible. Hydrostatic testing shall not be allowed outdoors during inclement weather conditions. CONTRACTOR shall prepare detailed hydrostatic test procedures for each hydrostatic test, including a pressure test flow diagram to define and record the extent of each test. The procedures shall be submitted for COMPANY review and approval a minimum of two weeks prior to hydrostatic testing. The diagrams shall clearly detail the extent of the systems to be tested, the valves to be opened, and the equipment and instrumentation to be removed, isolated by blanking with blind flanges, or otherwise protected. Piping classification breaks shall be clearly marked on all pressure test diagrams. A copy of the mechanical flowsheets may be marked to produce the required pressure test flow diagrams. CONTRACTOR shall test as much of the piping system as possible at one time without exceeding the maximum allowable test pressure of the weakest element in the system. If a portion of a piping system cannot be hydrostatically tested because the presence of water is unacceptable, a notation shall be made on the pressure test flowsheets indicating that hydrostatic testing is prohibited. The affected

8.1.2

8.1.3

8.1.4

8.1.5

8.1.6

8.1.7

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

portion shall be isolated and tested pneumatically in accordance with Section 9.0 below. 8.1.8 The test fluid normally shall be clean, fresh potable water with a suitable corrosion inhibitor added by CONTRACTOR. Test fluid shall not contain suspended solids which may possibly plug orifices or small lines. For stainless steel piping systems the chloride content of the water shall not exceed 30 ppm. Alternately, a hydrotest medium such as diesel fuel or kerosene may be proposed for COMPANY consideration. The temperature of the hydrotest fluid shall not be less than 60F. If the fluid temperature is likely to fall to 32F during the test period, then glycol or another COMPANY approved antifreeze shall be added to prevent freezing. A preliminary test schedule shall be submitted with CONTRACTORs work plan, and updated periodically during fabrication. This schedule shall list proposed test dates for all piping systems and note deadlines for submittal and approval of detailed test procedures for each piping system. CONTRACTOR shall provide COMPANY a minimum of one week notice for all flushing and hydrostatic testing. The piping system to be flushed and tested shall be detailed in the notice, including the specific lines and equipment. Preliminary or unofficial tests may be performed at the discretion of CONTRACTOR, provided that COMPANY is notified and afforded the opportunity to witness the tests. Preparation for Testing CONTRACTOR shall ensure that flushing and tests do not result in damage to equipment and instrumentation. Equipment and in-line instrumentation that may be damaged by hydrostatic testing shall be isolated by blinds or plugs, or shall be disconnected from the piping system. This shall include, but not be limited to turbines, pumps, compressors, safety valves, turbine flowmeters and rupture discs. Mounted instrumentation shall be removed or isolated from the system during flushing and testing. Restrictions that interfere with flushing, filling, venting or draining, such as orifice plates and flow nozzles shall not be installed until the completion of testing. After erection and prior to hydrostatic testing, all piping shall be thoroughly flushed to remove weld slag, blast grit, dirt, sand, trash and other debris, and foreign materials. CONTRACTOR shall submit a detailed flushing procedure for approval by COMPANY, which shall be in accordance with the following: a. Carbon steel piping shall be flushed with potable water. Stainless steel piping shall be flushed with potable or raw water with a chlorine content below 30 parts per million (ppm). Piping shall not be flushed with seawater without prior written approval from COMPANY. b. Required flushing flowrates shall be determined based on pipe diameter and flow velocities. Velocities from 8 to 12 feet per second (fps) shall be required for lines up to 10" NPS. Larger diameter lines shall use the highest velocity reasonably possible, which shall be approved by COMPANY. Compressed
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8.1.9

8.1.10

8.1.11

8.1.12

8.2 8.2.1

8.2.2 8.2.3

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

air may be injected into the water while flushing to increase turbulence and velocity. Drop flushing, the filling and draining of a piping system, does not constitute flushing and shall not be accepted. c. Piping and piping systems which cannot be flushed with water (because the presence of water is unacceptable) shall be blown out with high pressure, high velocity air. This shall include instrument and utility air lines as a minimum. d. Control valves, positive displacement meters, turbine meters, rotameters, and relief devices shall be removed from the piping system during flushing. 8.2.4 Valving, including ball, gate, globe, plug and butterfly valves shall be in the fully open position during hydrotesting. Lines containing check valves shall have the pressure source located on the upstream side, or the check valves shall be removed from the line or blocked open for hydrotesting. Expansion joints shall be hydrotested with the piping system to check the restraining devices. Control valves shall remain in the line for hydrotesting and shall be in the fully open position. Valves that are normally closed shall be opened for hydrotesting using clean dry air. Valves shall not be jacked or forced open by CONTRACTOR. Pressure control valves with internal passages between the process fluid and the diaphragm shall be isolated from hydrotesting. External connections shall be disconnected or blocked during hydrotesting, and the diaphragm pressure shall be bled off. Hydrostatic testing shall be performed with the "in service" type of gaskets, and shall not utilize any gasket sealing compounds. New gaskets shall be installed on all connections that are broken after completion of the hydrotesting, or that must be reassembled after testing. Temporary supports shall be installed as necessary to prevent sagging or excessive stress on the piping system. Special consideration shall be given to supporting partially liquid packed or gas piping systems during flushing and hydrostatic testing. Particular attention shall be given to systems having spring or counterweight supports, and to systems containing expansion joints or loops. Large diameter lines that are grouped together on common supports shall not be simultaneously hydrotested if the weight of the test medium might overstress the supports. Hydrostatic Leak Testing Unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements, the minimum hydrotest pressure for steel piping shall be in accordance with the following table: Pipe Class Rating: ANSI 150
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8.2.5 8.2.6

8.2.7

8.2.8

8.2.9

8.2.10

8.3 8.3.1

Carbon Steel System: (psig) 450

Stainless Steel System: (psig) 350 8/2001

Page 22 of 44

GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

Pipe Class Rating: ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI 300 600 900 1500 2500

Carbon Steel System: (psig) 1,125 2,225 3,350 5,575 (Note 1) 9,275 4,500 (Note 2) 7,500 (Note 2) 15,000 (Note 2)

Stainless Steel System: (psig) 900 1,800 2,700 4,500 7,500 N/A 6,900 (Note 2) N/A

API 3000 API 5000 API 10000

Note 1: For flanges 16" NPS and larger the test pressure shall be 4,500 psig. Note 2: CONTRACTOR shall confirm that all components in API 6A piping systems are suitable for the specified hydrostatic test pressure prior to procurement. Components not suitable for the specified hydrostatic test pressure shall not be utilized by CONTRACTOR without prior, specific written approval of COMPANY. Note 3: Refer to technical requirements for hydrostatic test pressure for duplex stainless steel. 8.3.2 Hydrostatic test pressures are for the new and cold condition, with test temperatures of 100F or less. For higher test temperatures, CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for checking the piping system and determining the appropriate test pressure. The test pressure shall be selected such that the test shall not exceed 90% of the yield strength of the weakest component at the test temperature. Hydrostatic testing shall be maintained for a minimum of 2 hours after stabilization of pressure and temperature. All hydrostatic tests shall be maintained for a sufficient period of time to check for small seepage leaks. Upon successful completion of the hydrostatic test period, the piping system shall receive a final visual check for leaks. Hydrostatic testing shall be performed with two separate pressure gauges and a dual-pen (pressure and temperature) chart recorder. Pressure gauges and recorders shall have a pressure range of approximately twice the required test pressure. All gauges and recorders shall have been dead-weight tested and certified within 6 months of hydrostatic testing. The certifications shall be available for COMPANY review during all hydrostatic testing. All vents shall be open during filling to ensure proper venting of all air or gases. Test pressure shall not be applied against any closed valve. Skillets or blinds shall be installed to protect valves that must remain in the closed position. If the test liquid in the system is subject to thermal expansion, CONTRACTOR shall take precautions to avoid excessive pressure. Precautions such as

8.3.3 8.3.4

8.3.5

8.3.6

8.3.7 8.3.8 8.3.9

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

surveillance throughout the test period by a suitably qualified person may be considered. 8.3.10 Recorder charts shall depict one system test only. Charts shall be signed and dated by CONTRACTOR and COMPANY upon completion of the test to certify that the test was performed. CONTRACTOR shall collect, record and maintain all information required for complete test records. As a minimum, test records shall include the following information: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. 8.3.12 Test Date with Start and Finish Times Piping Line and Equipment Numbers (or pressure test flow diagram number) Design Pressure and Temperature Minimum Test Pressure and Hold Time Test Pressure & Temperature Recording Chart Water Chloride Content (stainless steel piping) Test Medium (if not water) Applicable Remarks Concerning Defects CONTRACTOR and COMPANY Approval Signatures

8.3.11

Leaks found during testing shall be repaired and the piping system retested in accordance with the Technical Requirements. COMPANY reserves the right to require alternate pressure tests should a piping system fail the standard pressure test. Post-Test Requirements All piping systems, including equipment and instrumentation included in the testing shall be thoroughly drained, cleaned and dried upon completion of testing. After completion of hydrostatic testing and COMPANY release, the system shall be de-pressurized by opening the de-pressuring valve on the test rig. The system shall be completely vented and then drained of the hydrotest fluid. Particular attention shall be paid to venting during draining to avoid producing a vacuum in the system and to allow complete drainage. Special attention shall be given to equipment, instrumentation and piping system low points where water may be trapped, such as valve bodies or control valve stations, to ensure complete drainage. Lines and equipment shall be cleared of all debris after drainage, and then shall be dried by blowing warm air through the system. In particular, strainers shall be emptied and cleaned. Alternate drying methods may be employed by CONTRACTOR if approved by COMPANY, such as vacuum drying. Soft seated valves, particularly ball valves, shall not be operated until the lines have been thoroughly cleaned and dried. All vent and drain valves shall be blinded or plugged after completion of hydrotest, cleaning and drying.

8.4 8.4.1

8.4.2 8.4.3

8.4.4

8.4.5 8.4.6

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

8.5 8.5.1

Leak Repair and Re-testing CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for all costs associated with repair of deficiencies resulting from CONTRACTORs work or CONTRACTOR-supplied equipment or materials. Costs shall include, but not be limited to development of repair procedures, repairs, inspection and testing, radiography, stress relief (if applicable) and hydrostatic testing necessary to correct the deficiency to COMPANYs satisfaction. CONTRACTOR shall advise COMPANY of all defects in writing, and shall submit a proposal with recommended repair procedures to COMPANY for approval prior to starting any repair work. Welds or portions of welds that leak during hydrostatic testing and that have not been radiographed previously shall be radiographed at the affected areas before being cut out and rewelded. After repair, the welds or portions of welds shall be radiographed again. The hydrostatic test shall be performed again to verify the repairs, unless specifically approved otherwise by COMPANY in writing. PNEUMATIC TESTING General Pneumatic testing may be substituted for hydrostatic testing only with prior written approval by COMPANY, and if: a. Hydrostatic testing is totally impractical, or b. Piping or attached equipment might be damaged by water and no alternative exists to avoid damage, or c. Even a small amount of water left in a system could contaminate or injure the system, such as in a refrigerant or aviation fuel system.

8.5.2

8.5.3

8.5.4

9.0 9.1 9.1.1

9.1.2 9.1.3

For safety reasons, the volumes of systems being pneumatically tested shall be kept to a minimum. Unless otherwise specified, pneumatic tests shall utilize clean, dry air or nitrogen as the test medium. If air is utilized to test instrument air lines it shall also be oil-free. If a test requires a closure joint (flanged, screwed, or welded) for blocking purposes, the integrity of the repaired or reworked joint shall be tested as applicable. Access to pneumatic test areas shall be restricted to personnel absolutely required to conduct the tests. Pneumatic Leak Testing Pneumatic test pressures shall be in accordance with the following table, except that the maximum hoop stress during testing shall not be greater than 50% of the specified minimum yield strength as noted in 49 CFR 192 "Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline: Minimum Federal Safety Standards": Page 25 of 44 8/2001

9.1.4

9.1.5 9.2 9.2.1

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

Pipe Class Rating: ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI 9.2.2 150 300 600 900 1500 2500

Carbon Steel System: (psig) 315 815 1,630 2,440 4,075 6,785

Stainless Steel System: (psig) 300 790 1585 2375 3960 6600

CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for developing appropriate procedures for pneumatic leak testing. Procedures shall be submitted for COMPANY review and approval, and shall incorporate the following as a minimum: a. The pneumatic test pressure shall start at 25 psig. b. The test pressure shall be increased gradually in increments of 15 psid to provide time for stress in the piping to equalize. The gradual increase also provides sufficient time to check for leaks. c. After the full test pressure has been reached and the temperature has stabilized, all piping welds and connections shall be inspected for leaks, after which the pressure shall maintained for a minimum of 1 hour, and the piping welds and connections inspected for leaks again to complete the test.

9.2.3

All welds and threaded connections shall be inspected for leaks with a soapsuds test. All flanged connections shall be masked with tape and a small pinhole punched in the tape to facilitate the identification of leaks. If both hydrostatic and pneumatic pressure testing may damage the piping system, alternate testing methods may be performed with prior written approval of COMPANY. Alternate testing methods shall include the following: a. Butt welds shall be 100% radiographed in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." b. Welds, other than butt welds shall be liquid penetrant and magnetic particle tested in accordance with the ASME "Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code" Section V "Nondestructive Examination" - Article 6 and Article 7 respectively. If heat treating is required, the above examinations shall be performed after completion of heat treating. Limitations or imperfections found as a result of the tests shall be stated as required by ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping."

9.2.4

10.0 10.1 10.1.1

CLEANING, DESCALING AND PASSIVATING CARBON STEEL PIPING General CONTRACTOR shall clean, descale (pickle) and passivate carbon steel piping systems as specified by the Technical Requirements, as well as where recommended by equipment manufacturer's. In general, any piping service in which scale can potentially cause damage to downstream equipment shall be cleaned, descaled and passivated by CONTRACTOR. As a minimum, all piping in the following services shall be cleaned, descaled and passivated: Page 26 of 44 8/2001

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

Compressor Suction Piping (from the Scrubber, Filter or K.O. Drum) Compressor Interstage Coolers, and Suction and Bypass Piping Compressor Suction Pulsation Dampeners Lube Oil Piping Seal Oil Piping Control Oil Piping Hydraulic Oil Piping Fuel Gas Piping to Equipment Drivers Diesel Fuel Piping to Equipment Drivers. 10.1.2 The cleaned, descaled and passivated pipe shall be free of all scale, rust, weld flux, oil, grease and other foreign materials and shall be equivalent to a Steel Structures Painting Council SP-8 "Acid Pickling" or SP-6 "Commercial Blast Finish" surface. All weld flux, metal shavings, coatings, sand, dirt and other foreign materials not soluble in chemical cleaning solutions shall be removed prior to fabrication or cleaning operations. CONTRACTOR shall propose the cleaning, descaling and passivation method, unless otherwise specified by COMPANY. However, the method shall be approved by COMPANY prior to the start of work. Acid Pickling and Passivation General CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for acid pickling (descaling) and passivation, including the selection of pickling solutions and inhibitors. CONTRACTOR shall properly control the pickling solution to avoid excessive corrosion of the metal by the pickling solution. CONTRACTOR shall ensure that test samples (corrosion coupons) representative of all materials in the piping system are exposed to the pickling solution. Exposure of the test coupons shall be for the entire duration to accurately monitor the corrosive effect of the solution on the piping system. A typical pickling procedure shall be as outlined in the following sections. Pickling solutions shall not be allowed to contact any parts of process equipment or instrumentation. Pickling solutions shall not be allowed to contact valves, check valves, relief valves, meters, instrument tubing, strainers, or other piping components that contain elastomer seals, chrome or nickel plating, or galvanized coatings. Precleaning and Rinsing CONTRACTOR shall circulate a 2% (wt.) trisodium phosphate solution with wetting agent (surfactant) to remove grease and oil films from the pipe before pickling. Solution shall be mixed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, and the pipe treated for 1 to 2 hours at 140 to 160F. All oil and grease shall be removed before the start of pickling.

10.1.3

10.2 10.2.1 10.2.1.1

10.2.1.2 10.2.1.3

10.2.2 10.2.2.1

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

10.2.2.2

After removing the precleaning solution, the system shall be rinsed with clean, potable water until the pH of the effluent rinse is within one pH of the fresh rinse water. Acid Pickling (Descaling) The system shall be pickled (descaled) with one of the following solutions: a. Sulfuric acid (10%) for 4 to 6 hours at 150F. When mixing acid with water, CONTRACTOR shall ensure that the acid is added to the water, not water added to acid. b. Hydrochloric acid (7%) for 4 to 6 hours at 150F. Note that all alloy trim valves shall be temporarily removed to avoid pitting of the trim. HCl is an acceptable alternative when valves can be temporarily removed. c. Inhibited ammoniated citric acid (3% to 5%) for 6 hours at 180 to 200F. Citric acid and inhibitor shall be mixed into the water first, and the ammonia added to adjust the pH to between 4 and 5. Use of ammoniated citric acid allows both pickling and passivating with the same solution, eliminating the steps required in Section 10.2.4 below.

10.2.3 10.2.3.1

10.2.3.2

The system shall be agitated as necessary during circulation to flush out all loose scale. An inhibitor shall be used during pickling in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Acceptable inhibitors shall be as follows: Armohib 31 for sulfuric or citric acid Rodine #213 or #214 for hydrochloric acid.

10.2.3.3

10.2.3.4 10.2.3.5

After pickling for the required time period the acid solution shall be drained under a nitrogen purge. The system shall then be rinsed again in accordance with Section 10.2.2.2 above. The rinse shall be removed under a nitrogen purge. When using an ammoniated citric acid, this step may be deleted. Neutralization A neutralizing solution of 2% soda ash (sodium carbonate) shall be circulated to remove all traces of acid from the system. The solution shall be circulated for a minimum of 1 hour at 120F, and then drained under a nitrogen purge. When using an ammoniated citric acid, this step may be deleted. After neutralizing, the system shall be rinsed with water until all traces of acid and neutralizing solution have been removed, and then drained under a nitrogen purge. When using an ammoniated citric acid, this step may be deleted. Passivation

10.2.4 10.2.4.1

10.2.4.2

10.2.5

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

10.2.5.1

After rinsing, the descaled pipe shall be passivated to minimize further corrosion by applying a phosphate coating. The passivation solution shall be circulated for 1 hour at 130 to 150F, and consist of the following: 0.25% (wt.) monosodium phosphate 0.25% (wt.) disodium phosphate 0.50% (wt.) sodium nitrite

10.2.5.2

If an ammoniated citric acid was used for descaling, the steel surfaces shall be passivated by raising the pH to between 9 and 10 through addition of ammonia, and then adding 0.5 % sodium nitrite and circulating for 1 to 2 hours. After passivation, the system shall be drained and dried thoroughly with dry air or nitrogen. The system shall not be flushed with water after passivation. After drying, the pipe shall be closed tightly, blanketed with an inerting gas or filled with oil to minimize corrosion. Safety All of the above acids and most of the other treating solutions are harmful in the event of skin contact, if swallowed, or if fumes are inhaled. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) shall be available at the job site for all chemicals being employed. All personnel shall be properly educated and protected against exposure by safety equipment, including chemical goggles, rubber gloves and face shields as a minimum. During the acid treating stage of the procedure, hydrogen gas is liberated by reaction of the acid with the metal. Suitable precautions shall be taken to minimize any explosion danger resulting from hydrogen accumulation in holding tanks or other areas. Holding tanks shall be located a minimum of 50' from process equipment and nonclassified electrical equipment. Smoking shall not be allowed in the chemical cleaning area under any circumstances. Safety showers shall be available and ready for use at the site. Breathing apparatus shall be available in case of exposure to toxic fumes. All work areas shall be barricaded with yellow and black tape with "KEEP OUT" warning signs every 50'. Only proper equipment shall be used. Hoses shall have a minimum working pressure of 250 psig and shall be chemically compatible with the cleaning solutions. Hoses shall be bonded to ground to minimize static discharge explosion hazards. The circulating system shall be pressure tested to 1.5 times the maximum circulating pressure, or 90 psig, whichever is greater, and all hoses and circulation system piping and fittings checked for leaks. All leaks shall be repaired prior to using any chemical solutions. Should a leak develop during circulation of the system, the chemical shall be evacuated and the piping flushed. The leak shall be repaired before restoring circulation.

10.2.5.3

10.2.6 10.2.6.1

10.2.6.2

10.2.6.3 10.2.6.4 10.2.6.5

10.2.6.6

10.2.6.7

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10.2.7 10.2.7.1

Environmental CONTRACTOR shall develop a detailed contingency plan and shall have equipment available to contain and clean up any chemical leaks. Storm drains shall be sandbagged prior to the start of cleaning. Any and all chemical spills shall be reported to COMPANY immediately. All materials used for chemical cleaning shall be considered hazardous. Chemical effluent shall be handled in a responsible way, and in compliance with all city, county, state and federal regulations. Abrasive Blasting Scale may be removed by abrasive blasting. Blasting shall remove all scale, grease, debris, etc., resulting in a Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) SP6 "Commercial Blast Finish" surface. After blasting the piping shall be cleaned of all abrasives, dust and foreign material. The pipe shall be thoroughly passivated, dried and sealed to prevent corrosion in accordance with Section 10.2.5 above. The abrasive shall be new, clean and dry. Grit or slag abrasives shall be preferred over sand. If sand is utilized, it shall be washed and clay-free. Hot Oil Flushing CONTRACTOR shall hot oil flush all lube, seal, and control oil piping systems, including those for drivers, pumps, compressors, and generators prior to the first fill of oil, as specified in the Technical Requirements. CONTRACTOR shall submit a detailed hot oil flushing procedure for approval by COMPANY, which shall be in accordance with the following as a minimum: a. All tanks, filter housings, cooler header boxes and other system components shall be opened, inspected, and wiped clean prior to hot oil flushing. b. All bearing and seal housings shall be isolated from for flushing, and jumper lines installed. c. Oil used for flushing shall be the same type of oil specified for normal operation of the system being cleaned. d. The oil shall be heated to between 150 and 180F and shall be circulated throughout the system until filter screens are free of debris. The oil shall be circulated for a minimum of 8 hours. Final acceptance criteria shall be determined by COMPANY in conjunction with the equipment manufacturer.

10.2.7.2

10.3 10.3.1

10.3.2 10.4 10.4.1

10.4.2

10.4.3 11.0 11.1

After flushing, CONTRACTOR shall drain and properly dispose of all flushing oil in accordance with all city, county, state and federal regulations. PROTECTIVE COATINGS CONTRACTOR shall provide protective coatings in accordance with the Technical Requirements, including but not limited to surface preparation, abrasive blasting, coatings, touchup and repairs, inspection, testing and documentation records. Page 30 of 44 8/2001

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

11.2 11.3 12.0

All coating work shall be performed after completion of all fabrication and testing, including hydrostatic or pneumatic pressure testing. The exposed portions of all blinds shall be greased to prevent corrosion. IDENTIFICATION AND MARKINGS All piping shall be identified by color code or piping labels in accordance with COMPANY "Safety in Designs" Manual (GO-590) and with ANSI A13.1 "Scheme for the Identification of Piping Systems." Piping shall be identified with painted stencils or a COMPANY approved vinyl labeling system. Identification markings shall be black lettering on a gray background, with 2" to 3" high letters depending on the pipe size. Spacing of identification markings shall not exceed 40'. Flow direction arrows shall be provided with all labels.

13.0 13.1

PREPARATION FOR SHIPMENT AND STORAGE CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for preparation for shipment and storage in accordance with the Technical Requirements, the Commercial Terms and Conditions, and as specified herein. All unpainted finished surfaces, i.e. flange gasket faces, threads, weld bevels, blinds, etc., shall be protected against corrosion by applying a suitable rust preventive or grease. All exposed piping connections, i.e., flanges, couplings, beveled weld joints, etc., shall be protected against mechanical damage during storage, transit and installation. Protection measures shall include, but not be limited to the following: a. All threaded connections shall be protected by metal thread protectors. b. All exposed flange faces shall be protected by bolting on a steel plate or wood cover, complete with a gasket. Wood covers shall be constructed from marine grade plywood with a 1/2" minimum thickness. Flange covers shall be secured with a minimum of four (4) bolts, but in no case less than 50% of the total bolting. Plastic snap-on end covers shall not be acceptable. c. All beveled ends shall be protected by snug fitting bevel protectors.

13.2

13.3

13.4

Prefabricated piping shipped for field assembly shall be marked with the spool piece number, drawing number and an arrow indicating the direction of flow with white paint. Pipe pieces shall be numbered consecutively in the direction of flow. Flanged pipe spools shall have the spool identification number stenciled on the flange. Spool numbers shall correspond to codes on spool sheets and assembly drawings. Two complete sets of "as-built" spool drawings shall be shipped with pipe to be assembled or installed by COMPANY. The drawings shall contain all information necessary for assembly and installation of the component parts. For items to be shipped overseas, by either COMPANY or CONTRACTOR, a complete list of all items shall be submitted to COMPANY at least 3 weeks in advance of shipment. This list shall contain a detailed description of all items, Page 31 of 44 8/2001

13.5

13.6

13.7

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

and shall reference drawings or spool sheets as applicable. Each item shall be listed separately, and an approximate weight and dimension for each shall be provided. The material packing method shall be identified, i.e. crated, palletized, bundled, skid-mounted, boxed, etc. as applicable. 13.8 Related materials shall be bundled, palleted, or crated together. Ship loose items shall be carefully inventoried and crated or palletized. A copy of the inventory shall be included in each crate or attached to each pallet. DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for providing documentation in accordance with the Technical Requirements. As a minimum this shall include "as-built" dimensional data on all piping within CONTRACTORs scope of work. CONTRACTOR shall maintain all mill test reports and heat numbers to provide full material traceability for all materials used in fabrication and assembly. CONTRACTOR shall maintain records on all welds. This shall include weld procedure, welder identification code or symbol, and NDE results as a minimum for each weld. The weld records shall be coded to correspond with the isometric or spool drawings so that the location of each weld is clearly identifiable. CONTRACTOR shall maintain records of all pressure testing. Test procedures, reports, and test results shall be submitted to COMPANY upon completion of tests and prior to shipment of the piping. CONTRACTOR shall submit pickling and passivation procedure for approval by COMPANY.

14.0 14.1

14.2 14.3

14.4

14.5

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

APPENDIX I MANDATORY CODES AND STANDARDS American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) Manual of Steel Construction American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A13.1 B1.20.1 B16.5 B31.3 Scheme for the Identification of Piping Systems Pipe Threads (Except Dry Seal) Specifications, Dimensions, and Gaging for Taper and Straight Pipe Threads Including Certain Special Applications Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping

American Petroleum Institute (API) 5L 6A RP 14E 15LR Specification for Line Pipe Specification for Wellhead Equipment Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping Systems Specification for Low Pressure Fiberglass Line Pipe

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section V Nondestructive Examination Section IX Welding and Brazing Qualifications American Society of Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) SNT-TC-1A Nondestructive Testing Qualification and Certification

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) A36 A53 A106-B A325 A370 A790 D2846 E562 F402 F493 Specification for Structural Steel Specification for Steel Pipe, Black or Hot-Dipped Zinc Coated Specification for Carbon Steel Pipe Specification for High-Strength Bolts for Structural Steel Joints Mechanical Testing of Steel Products Seamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe Specification for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Plastic Hot- and ColdWater Distribution Systems Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count Practice for Safe Handling of Solvent Cements and Primers Used for Joining Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings Specification for Solvent Cements for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

American Welding Society (AWS) A4.2 A5.1 A5.5 A5.9 D1.1 Standard Procedures for Calibrating Magnetic Instruments to Measure the Delta Ferrite Content of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal Specification for Covered Carbon Steel Arc Welding Electrodes Specification for Low Alloy Steel Covered Arc Welding Electrodes Specification for Corrosion Resisting Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Steel Bare and Composite Metal Cored and Stranded Welding Electrodes and Welding Rods. Structural Welding Code

Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve Fittings Industry (MSS) SP 58 Pipe Hangers and Support - Materials, Design and Manufacture

National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) MR-01-75 Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Material for Oil Field Equipment National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 54 National Fuel Gas Code

Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) SP-6 SP-8 Commercial Blast Finish Acid Pickling

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

APPENDIX II ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL A2.1.0 SCOPE This appendix defines additional or modified requirements for fabrication, welding and inspection of duplex stainless steel (UNS) S31803 piping conforming to ASTM A790 "Seamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe." A2.4.0 A2.4.1 WELDING General Unless otherwise approved in writing by COMPANY, the maximum heat input shall be limited to 38 kilojoules/inch. The heat input used for the procedure qualification shall be recorded on the procedure qualification. A2.4.2 A2.4.2.3 Welding Processes Gas Metal-Arc Welding (GMAW) The use of the short-arc GMAW shall not be permitted. A2.4.2.4 Gas Tungsten-Arc Welding (GTAW) a. Shielding gas shall be argon plus 2% nitrogen. A pure nitrogen internal gas purge shall be used for the root pass and second layer of all GTAW welds. b. Autogenous welding shall not be permitted, i.e. filler metal addition shall be required. A2.4.2.7 Filler Metals, Electrodes, Wire and Flux a. Filler material selection shall be based on both corrosion and mechanical property considerations. The filler material shall be of the same composition as the base materials but with a higher nickel content to improve as-welded properties. All welding consumables shall be subject to COMPANY approval prior to fabrication. Submerged-arc wire and flux shall be from the same manufacturer. b. Duplex stainless steel weld deposits shall have a ferrite content in the range of 30 to 60%. The ferrite content of the heat affected zone (HAZ) shall be in the range of 40 to 60%. A2.4.3 Welding Procedure Qualification

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

A2.4.3.1

Welding procedures shall be qualified in writing and shall be qualified in accordance with ASME Section IX. In addition to the requirements of ASME Section IX, the following shall be essential variables for the procedure qualification: a. A change from any base material used in qualification to any other COMPANY approved material. b. Any change in consumables manufacturer or trade name. c. Any change in heat exceeding +/-10% of that used on the procedure qualification test.

A2.4.3.2

The following additional requirements shall be part of the procedure qualification: a. A cross-section of the procedure qualification weld shall be made. Examination shall be at a minimum of 400X. The cross-section shall show a properly made weld. The microstructure shall be free from grain boundary carbides, nitrides and intermetallic phases. The austenite / ferrite ratio shall be determined and carried out according to ASTM E562 "Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count" point counting, and shall meet the requirements of paragraph A2.4.2.7.b above. b. A microhardness traverse shall be run across the weld metal, heat affected zone and the base metal at a maximum of 2 mm below the cap pass. Six equally spaced indentations shall be made in the weld metal. In the heat affected zone, indentations shall start as close to the fusion line as possible and shall be made along the traverse at 0.5 mm increments into unaffected base material. The base material shall have a minimum of 3 indentations. The maximum hardness at any location shall not exceed 285 HV10. c. Charpy impact testing in accordance with ASTM A370 "Mechanical Testing of Steel Products" shall be carried out on samples from the procedure qualification test. Three sets of three specimens each shall be taken, one set each from the base metal, weld metal and heat affected zone. The test temperature shall be -20oF. The average of each set shall be a minimum of 25 ft-lbs, and no individual test shall be less than 20 ft-lbs based on full sized (10 mm x 10 mm) specimens.

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

A2.4.5 A2.4.5.4

Production Welds Weld Repairs All defective welded joints shall be repaired by the procedure qualified in accordance with the Technical Requirements. Any weld with an unacceptable defect may only be repaired once. If the repair is not acceptable, the complete weld shall be removed. Any beveled edge that has been damaged shall be restored within tolerances required by the Weld Procedure Specification. Restoration of beveled edges by welding shall be prohibited. Weld repairs shall be reexamined by the original method to verify that the welds are free from defects.

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

APPENDIX III ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FIBERGLASS REINFORCED PLASTIC (FRP) PIPING A3.1.0 A3.1.1 SCOPE This appendix defines additional or modified requirements for fabrication, installation, inspection and testing of Ameron Bondstrand Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) piping. This specification also describes the minimum requirements for fabrication, installation and testing of Ameron PSX L3 FRP piping for firewater and deluge service. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for the detailed design, installation, testing and supply of all materials necessary to make the piping system complete and operable. PIPE INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY General Piping and fittings shall be designed, fabricated and installed in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping," except as specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements. All pipe installation and fabrication work shall be in strict accordance with the FRP pipe manufacturer's recommendations. Fiberglass piping (FRP) and resins used for potable and utility service shall be approved by the U.S. FDA for use with potable water and shall be clearly labeled as such.

A3.1.2

A3.2.0 A3.2.1 A3.2.1.1

A3.2.1.2

A.3.2.1.3 All joints shall be bonded or flanged. Threaded FRP joints shall not be permitted, except for stainless steel bushings imbedded in FRP saddles which shall be acceptable for small bore connections for instrumentation and vent/drain connections. A3.2.2 A3.2.2.1 Handling and Storage Pipe and fittings shall be handled with care and at all times protected from impact, or from being climbed on, or used to support other materials or equipment. End protection covers shall remain on all exposed joints until immediately before joint assembly to prevent damage or material degradation. Chains shall not be used for handling pipe or fittings. When lifting with hoists or cranes, or securing for transportation, only rope or webbed slings shall be used. Pipe and fittings shall not be thrown or dropped, and shall be protected from bumping or hitting during all handling work.

A3.2.2.2 A3.2.2.3

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A3.2.3 A3.2.3.1

Bonded Joints Bonded bell and spigot connections, and butt and wrap connections shall be made in strict accordance with the FRP pipe manufacturer's recommendations. As a minimum, considerations shall include adhesives and sealing resins, curing agents, weather conditions for pipe assembly, curing methods and times, fit-up and joint preparation, and material handling and support. All tools recommended by the FRP pipe manufacturer, especially those for joint preparation, shall be used. Flanged Connections Flanged connections shall generally not be allowed on FRP piping in 16" NPS and below, except where required at skid interfaces, equipment nozzles, valving, and in-line instrumentation, or where required for operations or maintenance. All flanges shall be ANSI B16.5 Class 150 flat face (FF) and shall utilize 1/8" thick full face elastomeric gaskets. All flanged joints shall be uniformly tightened and shall be torqued to the pipe manufacturer's recommended limit, but not beyond. Butterfly valves and wafer check valves shall be installed so that the disc swings clear of adjacent piping. Prefabricated skid piping shall be shipped with the flanged joints loosely bolted to provide maximum flexibility during transportation. Flexibility, Layout, and Support The CONTRACTOR shall ensure and review all piping layouts for suitability of piping flexibility and support. All types of supports shall be in accordance with the pipe manufacturers recommendations. Support cradles shall provide 180 degrees of circumferential support. Metal supports shall be isolated from the FRP pipe by FRP saddles, elastomeric liners or other materials approved by the pipe manufacturer. Valves and heavy components shall at all times be independently supported or suspended to prevent excessive torque, bending and longitudinal stresses being transmitted to or carried by the pipe system. Direction changes in close proximity to pump discharges shall be avoided to the best extent possible Coating Conventional coatings for the purpose of preventing or delaying ultraviolet (UV) damage shall not be required.

A3.2.3.2

A3.2.4 A3.2.4.1

A3.2.4.2 A3.2.4.3 A3.2.4.4 A3.2.5 A3.2.5.1

A3.2.5.2 A3.2.5.3

A3.2.5.4

A3.2.6 A3.2.6.1

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

A3.2.6.2

Material selection for firewater pipe and fittings shall be as follows: Dry Systems ----------------------------------2000m - FP or PSX JF Wet Systems --------------------------------------2000m w/ 5m minimum intumescent coating at all joints and fittings or PSX63

A3.2.6.3

Fire protection for flanges in firewater systems shall be accomplished by covering the flanges with molded, intumescent coated, half shell covers approved by the FRP pipe manufacturer. This protection is required for all material types listed in A3.2.5.2 above. Acceptable intumescent, fire protective coatings shall be limited to Pitt-Char (PPG Industries) and Chartek (Textron Specialty Materials). Alternative coatings shall not be accepted or approved by COMPANY after award of the Contract, Agreement or Purchase Order, as applicable. Coatings shall be applied in strict accordance with the FRP pipe and coating manufacturer's recommendations. QUALITY ASSURANCE General CONTRACTOR shall visually inspect all piping and fittings for damage per the visual acceptance standards detailed in API 15LR "Specification for Low Pressure Fiberglass Line Pipe." Visual inspection shall occur upon receipt and before any assembly. Damaged or defective material shall not be used. Specific, written COMPANY approval to use damaged or defective material shall be required, and must be granted on a case by case basis.

A3.2.6.4

A3.3.0 A3.3.1

A3.3.2

Training and Certification The FRP pipe manufacturer shall train and certify all CONTRACTOR workers involved in pipe assembly and piping fabrication. Worker certification shall be in strict accordance with the FRP pipe manufacturer's recommendations. The CONTRACTOR shall certify all procedures by testing in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping."

A3.3.3 A3.3.3.1

Pressure Testing All assembled piping systems shall be cyclically hydrotested at 1.5 times the maximum operating pressure by raising the pressure to the test pressure (at a maximum rate of 100 psig per minute), then holding pressure for 5 minutes, releasing the pressure, and then repeating until the system has been satisfactorily cycled up and down at least 5 times without leaking. Page 40 of 44 8/2001

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GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

A3.3.3.2

Following successful cyclic test, the system shall be hydrostatically pressure tested at 1.5 times the rated design pressure (new & cold) for at least 4 hours without leaking. The 4 hour test shall not begin until the last "leak" is repaired or stopped. A subsequent leak after the test has begun shall cause the test to be restarted such that there are four consecutive hours of leak-free testing. CONTRACTOR shall verify that the hydrostatic test pressure will not exceed FRP pipe manufacturer's allowables. REPAIRS Defective joints or pipe shall be repaired by cutting out the defect and bonding in new joints or pipe. CONTRACTOR may submit a wrap repair procedure for COMPANY consideration, but submittal and approval/rejection shall be on a case by case basis. The wrap repair procedure shall be in accordance with the FRP pipe manufacturer's recommendations.

A3.4.0

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

APPENDIX IV ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CHLORINATED POLY VINYL CHLORIDE (CPVC) PIPING A4.1.0 A4.1.1 SCOPE This appendix defines additional or modified requirements for fabrication, installation, inspection and testing of Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) piping conforming to ASTM D2846 "Specification for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Plastic Hot and Cold Water Distribution Systems." PIPE INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY CPVC pipe, tubing, and fittings shall not be assembled or installed if the ambient temperature is below 40F or above 110F. CPVC pipe, tubing, and fittings shall be handled with extreme care to avoid damage such as abrasions, cracking or crushing. Pipe and tubing cuts shall be square and de-burred to insure a proper fit-up of the joint being made. All joint contact surfaces between pipe and fittings shall be solvent cleaned prior to the application of cement. Cement shall be applied to both surfaces to be joined. The amount of cement applied shall cause a small bead of cement to appear at the junction. Sufficient ventilation shall be provided to remove toxic and flammable vapors. A4.2.5 CPVC pipe, tubing, and fittings shall be cemented with CPVC solvent cement. The cement shall be in accordance with ASTM F493 "Specification for Solvent Cements for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings." CPVC solvent cement shall be orange in color to facilitate identification and minimize the unintentional use of other cements. Extreme caution shall be taken when handling, applying, and storing solvent cement. Handling and storage of solvent cement shall be in accordance with ASTM F402 "Practice for Safe Handling of Solvent Cements and Primers Used for Joining Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings." A4.2.6 Threaded connections in CPVC piping shall not be permitted.

A4.2.0 A4.2.1 A4.2.2 A4.2.3 A4.2.4

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

APPENDIX V ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR API 5L GRADE X-60 CARBON STEEL PIPING A5.1.0 A5.1.1 SCOPE This appendix defines additional or modified requirements for procurement, fabrication, installation, inspection and testing of API 5L Grade X-60 carbon steel piping systems provided in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." These requirements are not intended to apply to pipelines provided in accordance with ANSI B31.4 "Liquid Transportation Systems for Hydrocarbons, Liquid Petroleum Gas, Anhydrous Ammonia and Alcohols" or to ANSI B31.8 "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems." WELDING REQUIREMENTS General Root pass and hot pass welding shall be performed using the Gas Tungsten-Arc Welding (GTAW) process. The remainder of the weld shall be performed using either the gas-shielded Flux Core-Arc Welding (FCAW) or Submerged-Arc Welding (SAW) processes. Preheat temperature shall be 212F minimum for all thicknesses. Welding Consumables Consumables for welding API 5L Grade X-60 pipe shall be carbon steel and shall conform to the following ASME specifications: GTAW SAW ASME SFA-5.17 FCAW A5.2.2.2 ASME SFA-5.18 ASME SFA-5.20

A5.1.2

A5.2.0 A5.2.1 A5.2.1.1

A5.2.1.2 A5.2.2 A5.2.2.1

Chemistry of all welding consumables shall be reported to COMPANY. All consumables shall have a nickel content less than 1%. Weld Procedure Qualification Charpy V-notch impact testing shall be performed as part of the weld procedure qualification. Testing shall be in accordance with ASTM A370 "Mechanical Testing of Steel Products" using longitudinal V-notch specimens with the notch located in each of the following three locations: weld metal, fusion line (FL), fusion line (FL) plus 2 mm. Three specimens shall be required at each location for a total of nine specimens per weld. The absorbed energy shall be 20 ft-lbs average and 15 ft-lbs minimum at a test temperature of 32F.

A5.2.3 A5.2.3.1

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GENERAL PIPING FABRICATION, INSPECTION AND TESTING CHEVRON OFFHSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.03 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

A5.2.3.2

Separate weld procedure qualifications shall be performed for welding Grade X60 to Grade X-60, Grade X-60 to fittings (ASTM A860), and Grade X-60 to flanges (ASTM A694). Impact testing shall not be required for procedures on ASTM A860 or ASTM A694 material. The following additional essential variables shall apply for all Grade X-60 welding procedures. A change in an essential variable beyond the limit specified shall require a new qualification. a. Any change in the brand name of electrode, flux, or electrode/flux combination used for procedure qualification. b. Any increase in post weld heat treatment temperature greater than 50F. c. Any increase in post weld heat treatment duration time greater than 25% of that used during procedure qualification. c. Any increase in carbon equivalent by more than 0.03 above the material used for procedure qualification.

A5.2.3.3

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