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Name: Date: Lab: Collisions I Elastic Collisions

Physics Unit 5 Week 3

Introduction: In this lab, you and your partner will visualize an elastic collision between two different objects. During the lab, you are expected to predict the outcome of the collision and calculate the velocities of the objects after a collision. Directions: 1. Check the box Show Values 2. 3. Click the button More Data. Verify your screen looks like this.

Experiment One: Bump and Roll Setup: Mass Velocity Ball 1 1 kg 1.0 m/s Ball 2 2 kg 0.0 m/s 1. Predict the outcome of the collision: (Circle your prediction!) a) b) 2. Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

Press Play, Record the results. a) b) Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

3.

Prove the final velocities in the simulation by using the Law of Conservation of Momentum.

Experiment Two: Bump and Roll, Again Setup: Mass Velocity Ball 1 2 kg 1.0 m/s Ball 2 1 kg 0.0 m/s 4. Predict the outcome of the collision: (Circle your prediction!) a) b) 5. Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

Press Reset, Press Play and Record the results. a) b) Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

6.

Prove the final velocities in the simulation by using the Law of Conservation of Momentum.

7.

Compare/Contrast the results of Experiment One and Experiment Two Be sure to discuss the difference in mass.

Experiment Three: Bump and Roll, Last Time Setup: Mass Velocity Ball 1 ? kg 1.0 m/s Ball 2 1 kg 0.0 m/s 8. Predict what the starting mass of Ball 1 needs to be to get it to completely stop when it hits Ball 2.

9.

Calculate the necessary starting mass using the Law of Conservation of Momentum.

10.

Verify your calculation by running the simulation with your calculated value.

Experiment Four: Rear End Collision Setup: Mass Velocity Ball 1 2 kg 2.0 m/s Ball 2 1 kg 1.0 m/s 11. Predict the outcome of the collision: (Circle your prediction!) a) b) 12. Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

Press Reset, Press Play and Record the results. a) b) Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

13.

Prove the final velocities in the simulation by using the Law of Conservation of Momentum.

Experiment Five: Rear End Collision, Again Setup: Mass Velocity Ball 1 1 kg 2.0 m/s Ball 2 2 kg 1.0 m/s 14. Predict the outcome of the collision: (Circle your prediction!) a) b) 15. Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

Press Reset, Press Play and Record the results. a) b) Ball A will be: Ball B will be: moving faster moving faster moving slower moving slower stopped stopped

16.

Prove the final velocities in the simulation by using the Law of Conservation of Momentum.

17.

Compare/Contrast the results of Experiment Four and Experiment Five Be sure to discuss the difference in mass.

Experiment Six: Bump and Roll, Last Time Setup: Mass Velocity Ball 1 ? kg 1.0 m/s Ball 2 1 kg 0.0 m/s 18. Predict what the starting mass of Ball 1 needs to be to get it to completely stop when it hits Ball 2.

19.

Calculate the necessary starting mass using the Law of Conservation of Momentum.

20.

Verify your calculation by running the simulation with your calculated value.