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THE OTHERNESS IN THE HEART OF DARKNESS Ibrahim GUL British Cultural Studies M.A.

FOREWORD Otherness has wide valence in contemporary literary and is often understood as a misconception by hegemonic groups of subordinate ones. In a pleasing counter to this, Others conceives of otherness as something that inhabits sameness. Means to use the otherness as mirror to express himself. Instances of the ''wholly other'' within the familiar include your sense of self or your beloved, your sense of your culture as such, or your experience of literary, theoretical, and philosophical works that belong to your own culture--works that are themselves haunted by otherness. Otherness is not an abstract concept. It is an elusive feature of specific verbal constructs, different in each case. But the otherness can be tracked by the perception of the writer to himself, to major person in the work and the relation of the major person within plot towards the others. WHAT IS THE OTHERNESS IN PARTICULAR IN H.D. He cannot seem to conceive of mixing black and white. Conrad portrays Marlows experience of otherness to such an extreme, and with such literary care, that it is hard to see Conrad simply expressing his own experience through Marlow, although Conrad likely was well aware of his own and others impressions of such places and did have a choice in how to present them. Writing through Marlows experience is a choice that leads us to look through Marlows eyes at the darkness he sees. The darkness in which Joseph C. see in the eyes of the pilgrims used as mechanism to shed on light to himself. Otherness become as a part of sameness.
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We perceive otherness in the way that the unseen--and the characters' emotional responses to it-- And we gaze at it in the multiple personifications of Heart of Darkness. Each testifies in its own way to the richness and tangible weight of an otherness close at hand. It other words otherness make the obscure things tangible. And allow us to look in through the darkness with light. WHAT CRITICS TELL US The imaginative representation of the novella present us a dual picture one belongs the writer and the other for Marlow. The similarity of thought and things. Related reconstruction of the world. As it said, novelist equally an observer and experimentalist. But the experimentalist is the examining magistrate of nature; the novelist are the examining magistrates of men and their passion. Heart of Darkness projects the image of Africa as the other world the antithesis of Europa and therefore of civilization. The African characterization present as kind of absence. The continent becomes a metaphysical battlefield devoid of all recognizable humanity. Provide an insurmountable problem for those wishing to derive a clear authorial intention. It was literature written by the colonizer and for colonizing Europeans about non-European land dominated by them. MY PERSPECTIVE As the most of the critics insist that by contrasting the harmony that exist between the native African and their natural environment with lazy, brutish grotesques that white imperialist become in Africa, Conrad proves that it is the Africans who are the fittest to survive in their native land and that Darwins theory was in fact never intended to be applied to races or nations. But in the process of He managed to present us re-creating and communicating the rich complexities of experiences itself. The purpose is to get the reader to re-live an
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experiences in some important concrete way, with all its complexity and messiness and all its darkness and ambiguity, intact. The book even with its all obscurity and messiness reader easily find the whole features of the other (otherness). Three aspects of the books is three-fold structure, the Russian doll-effect, and the series of opposing images- are also related to each other to make up an even larger kind of formal arrangement. Form within form. The Pre-historic man and the woman others has not prominent impact on the work. But, reader feels that in the without the others addresses or implied we would not understand the message presented us. In the HD the otherness is hardly perceived by reader; and hard to make it available for comparison with the authors point of view. As a last word might be the most remarkable feature of the heart of darkness is to present the otherness (pilgrims) as an indispensable part of land (space). _____________________________________________________
The source used : 1) SELDEN,Raman. The Theory of Cristism. Malasia.1988 2) EDE, Amatoritsero. Condrad the Bloody Racist : A Cultural Critism of HD. Retrieved from <http://www.nigeriansinamerica.com/articles/42/1/Conrad-theBloody-Racist-A-cultural-criticism-of-Heart-ofarkness/Page1.html> 3) Condrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. Retrieved from : <http://www.enotes.com/short-story-critism/heart-darknessjoseph-conrad> 4) Dintenfass, Mark. Heart of Darkness. Retrieved from : <http://mural.uv.es/rosegar/critica1.htm> 5)Weise, Elisabeth. Images of Africa in Joseph Conrads "Heart of Darkness." Retrieved from: < http://www.grin.com/e-book/72954/images-of-africa-injoseph-conrad-s-heart-of-darkness>