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Chem 16 quiz bank Ch 16 chemistry quiz bank blood gases pH and buffer systems 1.

Oxygen content in blood reflects a. The patients total hemoglobin value b. PO2 value* c. All of these d. O2Hb only (oxygenated hemoglobin) e. O2 dissolved in blood plasma only 2. The hemoglobin oxygen binding capacity for a blood sample that is 100% saturated with O2 and has a total hemoglobin value of 12g/dL is approximately(1.34) a. 34mL O2/dL b. 8 mL O2/dL c. 17 mL O2/dL* d. 4 mL O2/dL 3. At a pH of 7.10, the H concentration is equal to a. 80 nmol/L* b. 60 nmol/L c. 20 nmol/L d. 40 nmol/L 4. A patients arterial blood gas results are : pH: 7.48 PCO2: 54mm HCO3- 38mmol/L These results are consistent with a. Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis b. Compensated nonrespiratory alkalosis* c. Uncompensated nonrespiratory alkalosis d. Compensated respiratory alkalosis 5. The normal ratio of carbonic acid to bicarbonate in arterial blood is a. 1:20* b. 0.003 : 1.390 c. 7.4 : 6.1 d. 20:1 6. When arterial blood from a normal patient is exposed tp room air a. PCO2 decreases PO2 increases b. PCO2 increases PO2 decreases* c. PCO2 increases PO2 increases d. PCO2 decreases PO2 decreases 7. A patients arterial blood gas results are : pH: 7.37 PCO2: 75mm Hg HCO3- 37mmol/L

Chem 16 quiz bank These results are consistent with a. Compensated respiratory acidosis * b. Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis c. Compensated nonrespiratory acidosis d. Uncompensated nonrespiratory alkalosis The anticoagulant of choice for arterial blood gas measurements is ____ in the ___ state a. EDTA; dry b. Potassium oxalate; Liquid c. Sodium citrate; dry d. Lithium heparin; dry* The kidneys compensate for respiratory alkalosis by (excretion, retention) of bicarbonate and (increased, decreased) excretion of NaH2PO4 . a. Excretion, decreased* b. Retention, decreased c. Excretion, increased d. Retention, increased Carbonic acid concentration in blood plasma equals a. Apparent pK of carbonic acid, 6.1, plus PCO2 value in mmHg b. PCO2 value in mmHg plus HCO3- value in mmHg c. Bicarbonate concentration divided by the PCO2 value in mmHg d. .0307mmoL-1 mmHg-1 times the PCO2 value in mmHg* In the circulatory system, bicarbonate leaves the red blood cells and enters the plasma through an exchange mechanism with ____ to maintain electroneutrality a. Sodium b. Chloride* c. Carbonic acid d. Lactate Hypoventilation can compensate for a. Nonrespiratory alkalosis b. Mixed acidosis c. Mixed alkalosis d. Nonrespiratory acidosis* The presence of dyshemoglobins will cause a calculated % SO2 result to be falsly ( elevated/decreased) plus oximeter % SpO2 value to be falsely ( elevated/decreased) a. Elevated elevated* b. Elevated, decreased c. Decreased decreased d. Decreased elevated

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