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# R.C.

Retaining Wall Height of wal h Angle of repose of so p w Unit weight of wate Unit weight of RR Masonry RRM c Unit weight of concret Unit weight of dry so dry Coeff of friction between soil concrete sc Coeff of friction between soil& RR Masonry sm Coeff of friction between RR Masonry & RR Masonry mm 2 Surcharge in KN/m q Active Earth Pressure Coefficie Ka Concrete garde Cover for reinforcement fck

10 KN/m2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = 8m 30 deg. 3 10 KN/m 21 KN/m 3 25 KN/m 18 KN/m 0.57 0.6 0.7 10 0.333 20 A 30 0.3 0.3 5.9 28.668 KN 0.3 5 III
0.6
3 3

0.3 IV V I II

Horizontal force acting on the retaining wall Ka q x (h+H) 1) Due to Surcharge = 1/2xK dry (h+H)x(h+H) a 2) Due to Submerged soil = Total Horizontal force Overturning Moment 1) Due to Surcharge 2) Due to Submerged soil Total Overturning Moment Stabilising Moment

= = =

221.888 KN 250.556KN

= =

= = =

## 123.271KN-m 636.079KN-m 759.350KN-m

Member I II III IV V VI

Lever Arm Magnitud w.r.t Moment (KNLoad e (KN) "A"(m) m) 0.3 x 8 x 25 60.000 0.450 27.000 0.5x0.3 x8 x25 30.000 0.700 21.000 5.9 x 0.6 x 25 88.500 2.950 261.075 0.5x0.3 x8 x18 21.600 0.800 17.280 5 x 8 x18 720.000 3.400 2448.000 Surcharge Upto V 53.000 3.250 172.250 Total 973.100 2946.605

## Check for Overturning Factor of safety against overturning

= = = = = = = =

Stabilising Moment / Overturning Moment 3.880 SAFE Total Vertical force x Coeff fricition / Toal Horizontal force 2.214 SAFE Stabilising Moment - Overturning Moment 2187.255KN-m

Net Moment

## Check for eccentricity X e Pressure Calculation at the base Max Pressure

= = = = = = = = =

Net Moment / Toal Vertical Load 2.248 m 0.702 SAFE P/A ( 1 + 6xe/b) 282.724KN/m2 UNSAFE P/A ( 1 - 6xe/b) 47.140KN/m2 SAFE

Min Pressure

Design of Stem Considering the stem has a cantilever, the moment induced in the cantilever portion is

8 Max B.M (Mu) Factored Moment Depth required Mu d = = = 618.6887301 KN-m 928.0330951 KN-m 0.138*fk *b*d2 c 3.333 48.002

= Sqrt( Mu /0.138*fck*b) = 579.8653939 mm Above depth required is at the max B.M zone (I.e) at the fixed end Provided total depth is effective depth Revise the section Area of Steel Required Mu/bd2 pt Main reinforcement bar diamete Minimum spacing required Distribution steel = = 600 mm 570 mm

= = = = = = = = = =

2.856365328 Refer Table 2 of SP16 0.717 4086.9mm2 25 mm 120.1055507 mm 0.12 % of gross sectional area 720 mm2 16 mm 279.2444444 mm

Dia of bar for distribution steel Minimum spacing required Hence Provide Bottom Main steel spacing of main reinforcement provide Dist. Steel spacing of distribution reinforcement p

25 mm 110 mm 16 mm 250 mm

Area of steel provided in total 5264.067mm2 Poundage 68.872kg/cum Curtailment Curtail alternate 25 mm main bars after h/3 distance from the base (i.e) alternate 25 mm bars after 2.75 m from base of stem Base Pressure Diagram Toe Heel 47.140 246.7876 282.724 270.7453

0.3 Design of Toe Slab Max.B.M Self Weight of toe slab Total Upward Pressure Net Moment Factored Moment Depth Required Mu

0.6

= = = = = = = =

0.675 KN-m 12.54290514 KN-m 11.86790514 KN-m 17.80185771 KN-m 0.138*fk *b*d2 c Sqrt( Mu /0.138*fck*b) 80.31157105 mm 562 mm

Upward

Minimum required depth d Effective depth Hence it isSAFE Area of Steel Required Mu/bd2

safe

= = = =

Provide main reinforcement bar dia Minimum spacing required = Distribution steel Area of steel Minimum spacing requied = = =

0.056362817 N/mm2 Provide Min.reinforcement 0.12 % of Gross sectional area 720 mm2 16 mm 279.1111111 mm 0.12% of gross sectional area 720 mm2 279.1111111 mm

Hence provide Provide main reinforcement bar dia Provide a spacing of Distribution bar dia = Provide a spacing of Design of Heel Slab Max.B.M Self Weight of heel slab Moment due to earth fill Moment due to Surcharge Total downward moment Total Upward Pressure

16 mm 110 mm 16 mm 250 mm

= = = = =

## 187.5 KN-m 1800 KN-m 125 KN-m 2112.5KN-m 1421.117112 KN-m

Net Moment Factored Moment Depth Required Mu d Effective depth Area of Steel Required Mu/bd2 pt Ast mm dia bars for main reinforcement Spacing Distribution steel

= = = = = = = = = =

## 691.382888KN-m 1037.074332 KN-m 0.138*fk *b*d2 c

Downward

Sqrt( Mu /0.138*fck*b) 612.9857825 mm 557.5 mm revise depth 2.224481934 Refer Table 2 of SP16 0.717 % 3997.275mm2 25 mm 122.7398665 mm

spacing Hence Provide Main steel mm dia bars at spacing of Dist. Steel mm dia bars at spacing of Ast provide poundage

= = =

5264.067273 2 mm