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In China, there are more than 1.3 billion people living, working and building families.

People in China dont have much time and much money to carry two or more children. Because of that, and because of a population problems, Mao Zedong introduced the one child policy.
China's one child policy is one of the most well-known national population control programs. It includes fines for families who have more than one child, especially in urban areas, and economic incentives to those who do only have one child. The regulations limit couples living in cities and urban environments to one child and couples in the countryside and rural areas to two. Hefty fines are imposed by local authorities for failure to abide by these rules. China's population is expected to increase from 1.3 billion to 1.6 billion people by 2050. The policy limits

couples to one child. Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization accompanied second or subsequent pregnancies.
Now that millions of sibling-less people in China are now young adults in or nearing their child-bearing years, a special provision allows millions of couples to have two children legally. If a couple is composed of two people without siblings, then they may have two children of their own, thus preventing too dramatic of a population decrease. China's eleventh Five-Year

Plan Period is from 2006 to 2010. Minister of the State Commission of Population and Family Planning Zhang Weiqing confirmed in early 2006 that China's one child policy is consistent with the nation's plan for population growth and would continue indefinitely. He denied rumors that the policy become less stringent to permit a second child.
In 1979, three years after Maos death, a one-child policy was introduced to reduce Chinas burgeoning population. According to the policy as it was most commonly enforced, a couple was allowed to have one child. If that child turned out be a girl, they were allowed to have a second child. After the second child, they were not allowed to have any more children. In some places though couples were only allowed to have one child regardless of whether it is a boy or a girl. This policy is still in effect today. It is unusual for a family to have two sons. The aim was to curtail population growth, perhaps

to 1.1 billion and certainly to 1.2 billion, by the year 2000. It was hoped that third and higher order births could be eliminated and that about 30% of couples might agree to forgo a second child. The ideal of a one child family implied that the majority would probably never meet it. It was argued that the sacrifice of second or third children was necessary for the sake of future generations. Chinese society is rapidly ageing and the one-child generation are looking for more flexibility in their family planning. The effects of this policy have had implications
for female children in China. From a traditional standpoint, long predating communism, girl children are not as valuable as boys. Since there are now methods of predetermining gender prior to giving birth, women who are pregnant with girls are more likely to abort them. There are approximately 115 males to every 100 females born since the policy laws were enacted. The normal ratio worldwide is about 105 to 100.

The reason why people adopted this policy is because population problems like famine and poverty and because they could not produce more food quickly so the Chinese government feared that the country might starve. A lot of people simply don't want that many children. People have accepted the
policy.

What is China's family planning policy? China's one child policy was introduced in 1979 to curb population growth after initial attempts by Mao Zedong (leader of the Peoples Republic of China during 1949 - 1976) to "bury the United States in a human wave".
There are some in the Chinese Government that believe that the one-child policy is damaging the economy and destroying the foundations of society, and thus should be incrementally altered by conducting studies to assess the situation. The regulation is privately disliked by most Chinese citizens and foreigners alike. Human rights activists believe this has also led to the practice of Eugenics (initiative by which, humans are selected for breeding in order to maximize certain attributes or qualities). However, due to official government policy and China's increasing population many people believe this regulation will not be relaxed to allow couples to have more children. One Chinese newspaper, The People's Daily stated: "We cannot just be content with the current success, we must make population control a permanent policy".

China has proclaimed that it will continue its one child policy, which limits couples to having one child, through the 2006-2010 five year planning period.

Bibliography: 1.

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"BBC - Student Life - Debate of the Week." BBC - Homepage. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/studentlife/debate/2008/43_china_onechildpol icy.shtml>.

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"China One Child Policy - Overview of the One Child Policy in China." Geography Home Page - Geography at About.com. 02 Mar. 2011. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/onechild.htm>.

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"BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Has China's One-child Policy Worked?" BBC News Home. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7000931.stm>.

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"China One Child Policy - Overview of the One Child Policy in China." Geography Home Page - Geography at About.com. 02 Mar. 2011. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/onechild.htm>.

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"China One Child Policy - Overview of the One Child Policy in China." Geography Home Page Geography at About.com. 02 Mar. 2011. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/onechild.htm>.