9 views

Uploaded by Ever Briceño

- NLSPA ETABS Problem Statement
- Problem Sets in Geo 572.doc
- 285600209 Mesh Convergence Study Using ANSYS
- Genie Um Vol4 App c3 Norsok
- biaxial fatigue of multilayered filament wound compposite pipe
- Laboratory Rock Mechanics #6
- Wirtz-2000-Evaluation of Known Bone Material Properties
- Material Characterization and Computational Simulation of Steel Foam for Use in Structural Applications
- Vacuum Design
- 2203
- A Criterion to Distinguish Continuity of Rock Foundations
- planar+frame+analysis+using+the+finite+element+method+nhm+12-9
- 10.1177_002199838201600603
- Strain MANUAL
- Theoretical Geomechanics
- Vibroacoustic Fluid-Structure Interaction With FEM
- Design_of_Leaf_Springs.pdf
- 300x400x63 (AASHTO)
- hw 2 sltn
- Deflection Equation for the Buckling of an Elastic Shaft

You are on page 1of 6

THIN WALLED CYLINDERS and SPHERES Many pressure vessels are of cylindrical shape and may be described as thin-walled ie. the wall thickness is typically less than 1/20th of the diameter When a cylindrical vessel is pressurised two kinds of stress are caused : circumferential and axial Circumferential Stress t L

Di

Internal pressure = p

The force tending to push the two halves apart is given by : F = p Di L The cross-section area of material which sustains this force is given by: A=2tL Therefore the circumferential stress is given by:

scirc =

115 - Stresses in Cylinders & Spheres 1

p Di F = 2t A

t Di

Internal pressure = p

The force tending to push the two halves apart is given by : D F = p p 4 i The cross-section area of material which sustains this force is given by: A = p Di t Therefore the axial stress is given by:

saxial = F

A

p Di 4t

NB

saxial = scirc

Spherical vessels

The situation is the same as for the axial stress in a cylinder. Since it doesnt matter which way a sphere is cut, the stress is the same in all directions

scirc =

p Di F = 2t A

sy

y x

Element of wall

(circumferential)

sx

sx

(axial)

sy

115 - Stresses in Cylinders & Spheres 3

Lateral Effects In both cases (cylinder and sphere) there are stresses in both the x and y directions. When a material is stretched in one direction it will contract in the other direction i.e. laterally. (e.g rubber) This effect is specified by Poissons Ratio (n) Poissons Ratio = x F L0 L F D D0 lateral strain axial strain

ey is negative)

ey ex

or

ey = -nex

The situation shown on the previous page is comparatively simple in that we have uni-axial loading, i.e. simple tension or compression. If the material is also loaded in the lateral direction both the loading and the Poissons ratio effect determine the strain. y x

Fy

Fx

Fx

Fy

sx

Fx = Ax

&

sy

Fy = Ay

e=s E

In the x-direction there is the axial strain due to F x = sx E there is also the lateral strain due to Fy = -ney but

ey = sy E

=

ex = sx - n sy E E

1 E (sx -

nsy)

To summarise: With bi-axial stress the strain in each direction is determined by the loading and the Poissons ratio effect:

ex = ey =

1 E (sx 1 E (sy -

nsy) nsx)

It can be shown that if a materials volume remains constant when it is stressed Poissons ratio = 0.5. In reality the volume of a material does change and Poissons ratio is less than 0.5. A typical value is ~ 0.3

It can also be shown that the volumetric strain is the sum of the linear strains, i.e.

evol = ex + ey + ez

- NLSPA ETABS Problem StatementUploaded byAbdullah Jami
- Problem Sets in Geo 572.docUploaded bySen Hu
- 285600209 Mesh Convergence Study Using ANSYSUploaded byEric Borg Saywell
- Genie Um Vol4 App c3 NorsokUploaded byWais Gai
- biaxial fatigue of multilayered filament wound compposite pipeUploaded byAhda Dapong Rizqy Maulana
- Laboratory Rock Mechanics #6Uploaded byPhilipeInnecco
- Wirtz-2000-Evaluation of Known Bone Material PropertiesUploaded byFrancis5801
- Material Characterization and Computational Simulation of Steel Foam for Use in Structural ApplicationsUploaded byTeerasak First
- Vacuum DesignUploaded byHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- 2203Uploaded byraj
- A Criterion to Distinguish Continuity of Rock FoundationsUploaded bySEP-Publisher
- planar+frame+analysis+using+the+finite+element+method+nhm+12-9Uploaded byxelmerx
- 10.1177_002199838201600603Uploaded bygaurav503050
- Strain MANUALUploaded byShankar Arunmozhi
- Theoretical GeomechanicsUploaded byMargie Cording
- Vibroacoustic Fluid-Structure Interaction With FEMUploaded byYegor Luchenkov
- Design_of_Leaf_Springs.pdfUploaded byGerry Villamor Lindayao Jr.
- 300x400x63 (AASHTO)Uploaded byAyman Kandeel
- hw 2 sltnUploaded byDominiqe LeVonta Hodge
- Deflection Equation for the Buckling of an Elastic ShaftUploaded byJakJhon
- Masonary Design Working StressUploaded bytaz_taz3
- AE_CIVIL_RUploaded byKashmirSpeaks
- Solution to Problem 113 Normal Stress _ Strength of Materials ReviewUploaded byNagaraj Muniyandi
- Sokolnikoff Theory of ElasticityUploaded byAdam Taylor
- Moment Connection DesignUploaded bymaheshbandham
- 5-Struts Analysis and CheckUploaded byबिजेन्द्र प्रधान
- CUploaded byaischos
- QuizUploaded byAdil Khawaja
- Chap 5Uploaded byVesna Nedeljkovic
- 337522305-10-1-1-886-1067.pdfUploaded byEduardo Salomao

- Internal floating roof tanksUploaded byEver Briceño
- Ingenieria de procesosUploaded byEver Briceño
- Válvulas de alivioUploaded byÁngel Tonny Espinoza Cueva
- 14_flanges150Uploaded byEver Briceño
- Manual ETANK2000Uploaded byEver Briceño
- ciclo combinadoUploaded byEver Briceño
- Sistema ContraincendiosUploaded byEver Briceño
- Cadena CriticaUploaded byEver Briceño
- Cadena CriticaUploaded byEver Briceño
- ISORIESGOUploaded byEver Briceño
- ASTM A106 Working PresureUploaded byEver Briceño
- ntp_333Uploaded byFloydiano Prado
- PROPIEDADES MECANICAS hiltiUploaded byEver Briceño
- 407 A11 ROP BallotUploaded byEver Briceño
- Intercambiador de calorUploaded byEver Briceño
- Pdf3583 PDFUploaded byEver Briceño
- AI Simulation 2008 GetStartUploaded bywee-man-eng
- AI Simulation 2008 GetStartUploaded bywee-man-eng
- Guidelines for Selection of Strainers August 2006 EditionUploaded byEver Briceño

- ANALYSIS OF THE FLOW IN LIQUID PROPELLANT ENGINE SWIRL INJECTORS USING CFDUploaded byJohn Infantes
- balanced and unbalanced forces independent workUploaded byapi-372548146
- 10_03_Lengths_of_Tangent.pdfUploaded byRaju Raju
- TC58CVG0S3HxAIx_Rev1_2016-11-08Uploaded byjoesmi
- From Conceptual to Executable BPMN Process ModelsUploaded byAlberti
- Roccuzzo Et Al-2012-Clinical Oral Implants ResearchUploaded byAndré Moreira
- Lectures on Kant s ProlegomenaUploaded bypaperfortress
- Cheng Gong CG956G Service ManualUploaded byDanilo Marin
- Chapter 6AUploaded bymaninder_khasria
- nVIDIA 3DUploaded byPablo Lucioni
- Cessna Citation Sovereign-ElectricalUploaded byRonald Dilapadiciousnessastyacious
- Markov Ug Exam ExamplesUploaded bymaundumi
- Kuliah 1 Skalar, Vektor Dan TensorUploaded byBatika Kencana
- 2. Industrial Engineering 2009 by S K MondalUploaded bySabyasachi Ghosh
- Report on Comparison of Series and Shunt CompensationUploaded byRam Uday Mandal
- 17 Optimising Heat Exchanger Design to Reduce Size,Cost and Energy Consumption for PlantUploaded byxinghust
- The Design and Layout of Vertical Thermosyphon ReboilersUploaded bykphk1979
- Individual Revit Compentency MatrixUploaded byHao Much
- LatticeUploaded byNick Soni
- AspenPropertiesToolsV7 2 RefUploaded byAkk Kol
- DHP484_MI.pdfUploaded byzabbizzo
- SUBSET-026-8 v230_060224Uploaded byfabiossigeno
- SteelBook_StructuralSectionUploaded byWaqar Dar
- Process Heat Transfer Hof MasterUploaded byvijay
- Automatic Source Code Summarization of Context for Java MethodUploaded bySuhas Mahakalkar
- sm ch (1).pdfUploaded byalex
- Compressor FEUploaded bynokaraju
- MEO Class 4B Examinations Oral Question bank for Electro technology and Control Engineering.docxUploaded byShriram Aryan
- Peugeot Partner Owners Manual 2004Uploaded byJoaoAlbertoMaioral
- 00997.pdfUploaded byDaniel Morales