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Divisions of Pakistan

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Jump to: navigation, search Divisions are the third tier of government in Pakistan, between the provinces and districts. They were abolished in 2000 by the government of former president Pervez Musharraf to make way for local governance via district governments. As of August 2008, divisions in some provinces have been restored with Punjab taking the lead and restoring its eight divisions.[1] The four provinces of Pakistan are subdivided into administrative "divisions", which are further subdivided into districts and tehsils. The divisions do not include the Islamabad Capital Territory or the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, which are counted at the same level as provinces.

Contents
[hide]

1 History 2 New Provinces 3 Abolition 4 Restoration 5 The Divisions o 5.1 Pakistan o 5.2 Eastern Pakistan o 5.3 Population 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

[edit] History
Administrative divisions had formed an integral tier of government from colonial times. The Governor's provinces of British India were subdivided into divisions, which were themselves subdivided into districts. At independence in 1947, the new nation of Pakistan comprised two wings - eastern and western, separated by India. Three of the provinces of Pakistan were subdivided into ten administrative divisions. The single province in the eastern wing, East Bengal, had four divisions - Chittagong, Dacca, Khulna and Rajshahi. The province of West Punjab had four divisions - Lahore, Multan, Rawalpindi and Sargodha. The North-West Frontier Province (as it was then called) had two divisions - Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. Most of the divisions were named after the divisional capitals, with some exceptions.

From 1955 to 1970, the One Unit policy meant that there were only two provinces - East and West Pakistan. East Pakistan had the same divisions as East Bengal had previously, but West Pakistan gradually gained seven new divisions to add to the original six. The Baluchistan States Union became Kalat Division, while the former Baluchistan Chief Commissioner's Province became Quetta Division. Most of the former Sind Province became Hyderabad Division, with some parts joining the princely state of Khairpur to form Khairpur Division. The former princely state of Bahawalpur became the Bahawalpur Division. The Federal Capital Territory was absorbed into West Pakistan in 1961 and merged with the princely state of Las Bela to form the Karachi-Bela Division. In 1969, the princely states of Chitral, Dir and Swat were incorporated into West Pakistan as the division of Malakand with Saidu as the divisional headquarters.

[edit] New Provinces


When West Pakistan was dissolved, the divisions were regrouped into four new provinces. Gradually over the late 1970s, new divisions were formed; Hazara and Kohat divisions were split from Peshawar Division; Gujranwala Division was formed from parts of Lahore and Rawalpindi divisions; Dera Ghazi Khan Division was split from Multan Division; Faisalabad Division was split from Sargodha Division; Sibi Division was formed from parts of Kalat and Quetta divisions; Lasbela District was transferred from Karachi Division to Kalat Division; Makran Division split from Kalat Division. The name of Khairpur Division was changed to Sukkur Division. During the military rule of General Zia-ul-Haq, the Advisory Council of Islamic Ideology (headed by Justice Tanzilur Rahman) was tasked with finding ways to Islamicise the country. One of its recommendations was that the existing four provinces should be dissolved and the twenty administrative divisions should become new provinces in a federal structure with greater devolution of power, but this proposal was never implemented. In the early 1990s, Naseerabad division was split from Sibi Division; Zhob Division was split from Quetta Division; Bannu Division was split from Dera Ismail Khan Division; Mardan Division was split from Peshawar Division; Larkana Division was split from Sukkur Division; Mirpur Khas Division was split from Hyderabad Division. The capital of Kalat Division was moved from Kalat to Khuzdar. 64Gul

[edit] Abolition
In August 2000, local government reforms abolished the "Division" as an administrative tier and introduced a system of local government councils, with the first elections held in 2001. Following that there was radical restructuring of the local government system to implement "the principle of subsidiarity, whereby all functions that can be effectively performed at the local level are transferred to that level". This meant devolution of many functions to districts and tehsils, which were handled at the provincial and divisional levels. At abolition, there were twenty-six divisions in Pakistan proper - five in Sindh, six in Balochistan, seven in KhyberPakhtunkhwa and eight in Punjab. Abolition did not affect the two divisions of Azad Kashmir, which form the second tier of government.

[edit] Restoration
In 2008, after the public elections, the new government decided to restore the divisions of all provinces.[2] Currently Punjab has nine divisions (and a total of 36 districts) with Sahiwal Division being the newest.[3] In Sindh after the lapse of the Local Governments Bodies term in 2010 the Divisional Commissioners system was to be restored.[4][5] [6] In July 2011, following excessive violence in the city of Karachi and after the political split between the ruling PPP and the majority party in Sindh, the MQM and after the resignation of the MQM Governor of Sindh, PPP and the Govt. of Sindh decided to restore the commissionerate system in the province. As a consequence, the five divisions of Sindh have been restored namely, Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Mirpurkhas and Larkana with their respective districts.[7] Karachi district has been de-merged into its 5 original constituent districts namely Karachi East, Karachi West, Karachi Central, Karachi South and Malir. These five districts form the Karachi Division now.[8]

[edit] The Divisions


[edit] Pakistan
The following tables show the current Divisions by province. Divisions of Balochistan Province Division Area (km) Capital Kalat 140,612 Khuzdar Makran 52,067 Turbat Naseerabad 16,946 Naseerabad Quetta 64,310 Quetta Sibi 27,055 Sibi Zhob 46,200 Loralai Divisions of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province Division Area (km) Capital Bannu 4,391 Bannu Dera Ismail Khan 9,005 Dera Ismail Khan Hazara 17,194 Abbottabad Kohat 7,012 Kohat Malakand 29,872 Saidu Sharif Mardan 3,046 Mardan Peshawar 4,001 Peshawar

Divisions of Punjab Province Division Area (km) Capital

Bahawalpur 45,588 Dera Ghazi Khan 38,778 Faisalabad 17,917 Gujranwala 17,206 Lahore 16,104 Multan 21,137 Rawalpindi 22,255 Sargodha 26,360 Sahiwal 10,302

Bahawalpur Divisions of Sindh Province Dera Ghazi Khan Division Area (km) Capital Faisalabad Hyderabad 48,670 Hyderabad Gujranwala Karachi 3,528 Karachi Lahore Larkana 15,543 Larkana Multan Mirpur Khas 38,421 Mirpur Khas Rawalpindi Sukkur 34,752 Sukkur Sargodha [edit] Eastern Pakistan Sahiwal

This table shows the divisions of East Pakistan as they stood at the time of Bangladeshi independence in 1971. See also: Divisions of Bangladesh. Divisions of East Bengal/East Pakistan Division Area (km) Capital Chittagong 45,414 Chittagong Dacca 30,772 Dacca Khulna 33,575 Khulna Rajshahi 34,235 Rajshahi

[edit] Population
Division Pop-1998 Pop-1981 Area(km.) Capital Azad Kashmir 2800000 1980000 11639 Muzaffarabad Bahawalpur 7635591 4668636 45588 Bahawalpur Bannu 1165692 710786 4391 Bannu Dera Ghazi Khan 6503590 3746837 38778 Dera Ghazi Khan Dera Ismail Khan 1091211 635494 9005 Dera Ismail Khan Faisalabad 2885685 6667425 17917 Faisalabad F.A.T.A. 3176331 2198547 27220 Islamabad Gujranwala 4431058 7522352 17206 Gujranwala Hazara 3505581 2701257 17194 Abbottabad Hyderabad 6829537 4678290 48670 Hyderabad Islamabad 805235 204364 906 Islamabad Kalat 1457722 1044174 140612 Khuzdar Karachi 15856318 5437984 3528 Karachi Kohat 1307969 758772 7012 Kohat Lahore 4248641 8670358 16104 Lahore Larkana 4233076 2746201 15543 Larkana

Division Makran Malakand Mardan Mirpur Khas Multan Nasirabad Northern Areas Peshawar Quetta Rawalpindi Sargodha Sibi Sukkur Zhob
[9]

Pop-1998 Pop-1981 Area(km.) Capital 832753 652602 52067 Turbat 4262700 2466767 29872 Saidu 2486904 1506500 3046 Mardan 3936349 2419745 38421 Mirpur Khas 11577431 7533710 21137 Multan 1076708 699669 16946 Nasirabad 910000 562000 72520 Gilgit 3923588 2281752 4001 Peshawar 1699957 880618 64310 Quetta 6659528 4552495 22255 Rawalpindi 5679766 3930628 26360 Sargodha 494894 305768 27055 Sibi 5584613 3746446 34752 Sukkur 1003851 749545 46200 Loralai

List of districts of Pakistan


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Further information: Local government in Pakistan The Districts of Pakistan (Urdu: ), are the second order administrative divisions of Pakistan. Districts were the third order of administrative divisions, below provinces and "divisions", until the reforms of August 2000, when "divisions" were abolished. Districts now form the top tier of a three-tier system of local government with the two lower tiers composed of approximately 596 tehsils (included the Kashmir region) and more than 6,000 union councils. Prior to 2001, there were 106 districts but with the reorganisation, these were reduced to 102 by the merger of the five districts of Karachi Central, Karachi East, Karachi South, Karachi West

and Malir to form Karachi District. The five districts had formed the division of Karachi which was abolished. The number of districts rose to 106 again in December 2004, when four new districts[1] were created in the province of Sindh of which one (Umerkot) had existed until 2000 and three districts (Kashmore, Qambar and Jamshoro) were newly created. In May 2005, the Punjab provincial government created a new district[2] by raising the status of Nankana Sahib from a tehsil of Sheikhupura District to a district in its own right. In Azad Kashmir, the second tier of government is formed by three administrative divisions with a third tier of ten districts. In GilgitBaltistan, there are six districts divided between the two regions of Gilgit and Baltistan; Baltistan being a part of Ladakh under Pakistani control, the other part being under Indian control.

Contents
[hide]

1 Overview 2 Islamabad Capital Territory 3 Balochistan 4 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 5 Punjab 6 Sindh 7 Federally Administered Tribal Areas 8 Azad Jammu and Kashmir 9 GilgitBaltistan 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

[edit] Overview

Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Subdivision Balochistan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Punjab Sindh Islamabad Capital Territory Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Azad Kashmir

GilgitBaltistan Azad Jammu and Kashmir FATA Balochistan Punjab Sindh Khyber Pakhtunkhwa ICT Afghanistan Iran China India Arabian Sea Area Districts (km) [3] 30 347,190 [4] 24 74 521 [5] 36 205,345 [6] 23 140,914 1 906

Population (1998) 6,566,000 17,744,000 73,621,000 30,440,000 805,000 3,176,000 2,972,500

Density (people/km) 18.9 238.1 358.52 216.02 880.8 116.7 258

7 tribal agencies and 27,220 6 frontier regions 10 13,297

Sr. Subdivision No. 8 GilgitBaltistan

Districts 7

Area (km) 72,971

Population (1998) 1,800,000

Density (people/km) 24.8

[edit] Islamabad Capital Territory


Capital Territory Area (km) Population (1998) Density (people/km) Islamabad 906 805,235 889

[edit] Balochistan
Map Sr Popula Density . Distric Headqua Area tion (people/ N t rters (km) (1998) km) o. Awara Awaran n Barkha 2 Barkhan n 3 Bolan Dhadar Chagai[ 4 7] Chagai 1 Dera Dera Bugti Bugti Gwada 6 Gwadar r Harnai[ 7 9] Harnai 5 Jafarab ad Jhal 9 Magsi 10 Kalat Kech 11 (Turbat ) Kharan 12 [10] 8 29,51 118,173 4 0 3,514 103,545 29 7,499 44,74 8[8] 10,16 0 12,63 7 288,056 38 300,000 7 181,310 18 185,498 15

4,096 140,000 19

Jafarabad 2,445 432,817 177 Jhal Magsi Kalat Kech Kharan 3,615 109,941 30 6,622 237,834 36 22,53 413,204 18 9 8958 132,500 4

13 Kohlu Khuzd 14 ar Killa 15 Abdull ah Killa 16 Saifull ah Lasbel 17 a 18 Loralai Mastun 19 g

Kohlu

7,610 99,846 13 35,38 Khuzdar 417,466 12 0 Chaman 3,293 370,269 112

Killa 6,831 193,553 28 Saifullah Bela Loralai 15,15 312,695 21 3 9,830 295,555 30

Mastung 5,896 179,784 30

Musa Musak 20 Khel 5,728 134,056 23 hel Bazar Nasira 21 Nasirabad 3,387 245,894 73 bad Nushki 22 [11] Nushki 5,797 137,500 23 Panjgu Panjgur r 24 Pishin Pishin 25 Quetta Quetta Sherani 26 [12] Sherani 23 27 Sibi[9] Sibi Washu 28 [10] Washuk k Zhob[12 29 ] Zhob 30 Ziarat Ziarat 16,89 234,051 14 1 7,819 367,183 47 2,653 744,802 281

7,796 29,51 0 20,29 7 1,489

180,398 23 118,171 4.0 275,142 14 33,340 22

[edit] Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


Map Sr Area Populati Density . Headquart District (km on (people/k No ers ) (1998) m) . 1 Abbottab Abbottabad 1,967 880,666 448 ad

2 Bannu Battagra 3 m 4 Buner Charsadd 5 a 6 Chitral 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Dera Ismail Khan Hangu Haripur Karak Kohat Kohistan Lakki Marwat Lower Dir Malakan d Mansehr a

Bannu Battagram Daggar Charsadda Chitral

1,227 675,667 551 1,301 307,278 236 1,865 506,048 271 1,022,36 996 1,026 4 14,85 318,689 21 0

Dera Ismail 7,326 852,995 116 Khan Hangu Haripur Karak Kohat Dassu Lakki Marwat Timergara Batkhela Mansehra Mardan 1,097 1,725 3,372 2,545 7,492 314,529 692,228 430,796 562,644 472,570 287 401 128 221 63

3,164 490,025 155 1,582 717,649 454 952 4,579 452,291 475

17 Mardan 18

1,152,83 252 9 1,460,10 1,632 895 0 1,748 874,373 500 1,257 1,586 1,543 2,019,11 8 434,563 1,026,80 4 1,257,60 2 238,216 185,000 1,606 274 665 236 142 372

Nowsher Nowshera a

19 Peshawar Peshawar 20 Shangla Alpuri 21 Swabi 22 Swat Swabi

Saidu Sharif 5,337 1,679 497

23 Tank Tank ~ Tor Ghar Tor Ghar Upper 24 Dir Dir

3,699 575,858 156

[edit] Punjab
Map Sr Headqua Are Popula Density District . rters a tion (people/

N o. 1 Attock Bahawal nagar Bahawal 3 pur 2 Attock Bahawaln agar Bahawalp ur

(km (1998) km) ) 6,85 8 8,87 8 24,8 30 8,15 3 6,52 4 1,274,9 35 2,061,4 47 2,433,0 91 1,051,4 56 1,083,7 25 965,12 4 186 232 98 129 166

4 Bhakkar Bhakkar 5 Chakwal Chakwal 6 Chiniot Chiniot

Dera Dera 7 Ghazi Ghazi Khan Khan Faisalaba Faisalaba 8 d d Gujranwa Gujranwa 9 la la 10 Gujrat 11 Hafizaba d

11,9 1,643,1 138 22 18 5,429,5 47 3,400,9 40 2,048,0 08 832,98 0 2,834,5 45 936,95 7 2,375,8 75 2,068,4 90 905,71 1 6,318,7 45 1,120,9 51 1,171,8 00 1,160,5 927 939 642 352 322 261 595 476 139 3,566 178 422 434

12 Jhang 13 Jhelum 14 Kasur 15 Khanewa l

16 Khushab 17 Lahore 18 Layyah 19 Lodhran 20 Mandi

5,85 6 3,62 2 3,19 Gujrat 2 2,36 Hafizabad 7 8,80 Jhang 9 3,58 Jhelum 7 3,99 Kasur 5 4,34 Khanewal 9 6,51 Khushab 1 1,77 Lahore 2 6,29 Layyah 1 2,77 Lodhran 8 Mandi 2,67

Bahauddi Bahauddi 3 n n 5,84 21 Mianwali Mianwali 0 3,72 22 Multan Multan 0 Muzaffar Muzaffar 8,24 23 garh garh 9 2,33 24 Narowal Narowal 7 Nankana Nankana 2,96 25 Sahib[2] Sahib 0 4,37 26 Okara Okara 7 2,72 27 Pakpattan Pakpattan 4 Rahim Rahim 11,8 28 Yar Khan Yar Khan 80 12,3 29 Rajanpur Rajanpur 19 Rawalpin Rawalpin 5,28 30 di di 6 3,20 31 Sahiwal Sahiwal 1 5,85 32 Sargodha Sargodha 4 Sheikhup Sheikhup 5,96 33 ura ura 0 3,01 34 Sialkot Sialkot 6 Toba Tek Toba Tek 3,25 35 Singh Singh 2 4,36 36 Vehari Vehari 4

52 1,056,6 20 3,116,8 51 2,635,9 03 1,265,0 97 1,410,0 00 2,232,9 92 1,286,6 80 3,141,0 53 1,103,6 18 3,363,9 11 1,843,1 94 2,665,9 79 3,321,0 29 2,723,4 81 1,621,5 93 2,090,4 16 181 838 320 541

510 472 264 90 636 576 455 557 903 499 479

[edit] Sindh
Map Sr Area Populati Density . Headquar District (km on (people/k N ters ) (2012) m) o. 1 Badin Badin 6,72 1,136,04 169

6 19,0 2 Dadu Dadu 70 Mirpur 6,08 3 Ghotki Mathelo 3 Hyderab 5,51 4 Hyderabad ad 9 Jacobaba 5,27 5 Jacobabad d 8 Jamshoro 6 [1] Jamshoro KARAC HI (East,
West, South, Central, Malir)

4 1,688,81 89 1 970,549 160 5,065,00 524 0 1,425,57 270 2

Karachi

3,52 13,215,6 2,795 7 31 662,462 255 1,546,58 97 7 1,927,06 260 6 515,331 364 1,569,03 536 0 1,087,57 369 1 1,071,53 238 3

8 9 10 11 12 13 14

15 16 17 18 19

20

Kashmor 2,59 Kashmore e[1] 2 15,9 Khairpur Khairpur 10 7,42 Larkana Larkana 3 1,41 Matiari Matiari 7 Mirpurkh Mirpur 2,92 as Khas 5 Naushahr Naushahro 2,94 o Firoze Feroze 5 Shaheed Nawabsha 4,50 Benazira h 2 bad Kambar Shahdad Kambar kot 10,7 Sanghar Sanghar 28 Shikarpu 2,51 Shikarpur r 2 5,16 Sukkur Sukkur 5 Tando Tando 2,31 Allahyar Allahyar 0 Tando Tando Muham 1,73 Muhamma mad 3 d Khan Khan

1,453,02 135 8 880,438 350 908,373 176 550,000

447,215 257

21

Tharpark Mithi ar Thatta Umerkot

22 Thatta 23 Umerkot[
13]

19,6 914,291 47 38 17,3 1,113,19 64 55 4 663,100

[edit] Federally Administered Tribal Areas


Further information: Agencies of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Map Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Agency Bajaur Khyber Kurram Mohmand North Waziristan Orakzai South Waziristan FR Bannu FR Dera Ismail Khan FR Kohat FR Lakki Marwat FR Peshawar FR Tank Area (km) 1,290 2,576 3,380 2,296 4,707 1,538 6,620 745 2,008 446 132 261 1,221 Population (1998) 595,227 546,730 448,310 334,453 361,246 225,441 429,841 19,593 38,990 88,456 6,987 53,841 27,216 Density (people/km) 461 212 133 146 77 147 65 26 19 198 53 206 22

[edit] Azad Jammu and Kashmir


Map Sr. District No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Area (km) Population (1998) 615,000 225,000 171,000 419,000 401,000 746,000 Density (people/km) 375 263 47 415 265 401

Muzaffarabad 2,496 Hattian 854 Neelum 3,621 Mirpur 1,010 Bhimber 1,516 Kotli 1,862

7 8 9 10

Poonch Bagh Haveli Sudhnati

855 1,368 598 569

524,000 351,000 138,000 278,000

613 456 231 489

[edit] GilgitBaltistan
See also: Geography of GilgitBaltistan
Map Sr. No. District 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ghanche Skardu Astore Diamer Ghizer Gilgit Area (km) Population (1998) 6,400 15,000 8,657 10,936 9,635 1155 88,366 214,848 71,666 131,925 120,218 243,324 165,355

HunzaNagar 25,145