Sie sind auf Seite 1von 15

GREEN-HOUSE TECHNOLOGY

BY COLFIBREX
EARTH SHELTERED HOUSING GREEN ARCHITECTURE

BUILDING AND INSTALLATION MANUAL

COLFIBREX S.A.S. - Copyright @ 2010 US Library of Congress www.ColFibrex.com/GreenHouse Authors Bill of Rights To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries (U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 8)

INDEX
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 5.1. 5.2. 6. 7. 8. FOUNDATIONS. HYDRAULIC INSTALLATIONS SANITARY FACILITIES ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS. STRUCTURE INSTALLATION LIFTING OF ELEMENTS AND CONNECTION BETWEEN THEM. ANCHORAGE STRUCTURE TO FOUNDATION SLAB FILTERS AND DRAINAGE, EARTH BERMS, RE-VEGETATION WOODWORK DOORS AND WINDOWS. CONSTRUCTION OF WALLS AND INTERIOR DIVISIONS. 6 7 8 12 15 3 4 4 5

1.

FOUNDATIONS.

The foundation of Green-House technology by ColFibrex is designed generically as a foundation run (beam) along the entire length of the walls that shape it, and thin slab subfloor. In average conditions, material resting on the sub grade with qa> 1 kg/cm2 (suggested verify soil conditions through a Soil Engineer or Geotechnician), said foundation run is the minimum possible for any type construction. Is a reinforced concrete beam (3000 psi) of dimension 1ft. x 1ft. With four corrugated steel rod 5/8" along the entire length thereof, at least 20" overlapped and closed stirrups 3/8" every 6". subfloor and the slab of 4-5" thick reinforced concrete also (3000 psi) with a wire mesh 3/16" grid of 6". Depending on site soil conditions, you should remove the topsoil (like any construction system) but in the case of our technology it can be preserved for the final coating of the modules. For the recovery and the levels of the building, you can generate a compacted selected fill material, which improves the condition for the assembly support.

2.

HYDRAULIC INSTALLATIONS

The pipes that carry the water to the sinks, dishwashers, toilets and showers are installed in the same format as any traditional construction system; embedded in the foundation slab or under floors tuned to form a horizontal network that reaches the points where they filled all hydraulic devices. Since our technology has no thick walls to hide vertical sections, please consider the following: 2.1 2.2 2.3 Hide with furniture all sinks, dishwasher and washing connections (a normal practice used in other building systems) . Use piping and fittings with optimal view of presentation (chrome, nickel, or stainless steel). Hide with gutters that are available in the market, or request gutters designed for this purpose by Colfibrex and shower module, if the pipes can not be installed on interior partitions made by Dry-wall systems.

3.

SANITARY FACILITIES

Equally all drinking water, residual water are installed in the same format as any traditional construction system; embedded they are located under the foundation slab and the manholes, forming a horizontal net drain from the points to outside. Similarly, to hide the pipes in case that they are visible you can consider the same option as hydraulic installation above:

3.1

3.2

3.3

Hide with furniture sink, dishwasher and washing (normal practice in other building systems). Use pipe and fittings optimal view of presentation (chrome, nickel, or stainless steel). Hide by gutters that are available in the market, or request gutters designed for this purpose by Colfibrex, if the pipes can not be installed on interior partitions made Dry-wall system.

4.

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

Technology modules have a semicircular outer duct 4 integrated inches. In diameter that runs vertically and on the vault, centered across (to 2 ft), which also has boxes perfectly located for embedding of electrical outlet boxes, switches and lights (in different positions ensure the versatility of the system).

The wiring pipes leading to the pipelines will be installed traditionally embedded in the foundation slab, or under the floor tuned to form a horizontal network up to the point where they become involved with the pipeline.

Using a disc cutter manual, cuts occur in modules for embedding boxes not intervene ensuring the impermeability of the piece outwards. 5. 5.1. STRUCTURE INSTALLATION LIFTING OF ELEMENTS AND CONNECTION BETWEEN PANELS.

The main structural components of technology (easy to handle-2 people), have in their contact tabs holes 3/8" every 1ft on average, for the use of galvanized fasteners 3/8" for 1 "with nut and washer on both sides for adjustment and connection.

To ensure sealing and waterproofing union previously should be cleaned and sanded the tabs of the modules with water sandpaper # 80 to ensure adherence to each other, with the use of an adhesive polyurethane construction sealant Sikaflex 1A or equivalent type. The adhesive must be applied in two beads of 5 millimeters throughout the tab, on both sides of the screw holes. Once a piece positioned against each other, will be adjusted tightly to achieve the optimal setting of the union. If the adhesive outbreak by the board, be stirred by using cloth or spatula. Through the use of scaffolding, you can achieve the lifting of parts and their connection, without fixing them to the foundation until it has a complete module is connected to ensure the internal dimensions.

5.2.

ANCHORAGE STRUCTURE TO FOUNDATION SLAB

On the support base, the components of the structure have perforations 5/8 "on average every 1 ft (in some parts because of their characteristics are closer), through which lifting and after placement at the site correct, concrete is drilled using a hammer drill, and the anchor bolts installed anchor wedge type ", with a length of 4" deep. To ensure sealing of the gasket on the bottom of the parts, apply a waterproof grouting with an inclination of 45 degrees down in the anchor bolts and asphalt film to prevent water seepage and prevent possible corrosion of bolts.

For a final level of protection can cover the joints with tape width 14 inches cold asphalt mantle Igasol Sika type or similar. The elements of the Green-House technology are made of composite material fully waterproof. However, over time, usually after ten to fifteen years, it may be prone to hydrolysis or deterioration by humidity. This is caused by the reinforcing fibers of the material, which sometimes reach the surface thereof and form micro-channels through which moisture penetrates in minute amounts. This moisture cannot pass in any case inward, and precisely for this is deposited inside the composite material.

To prevent this problem, you only need to cover the structures completely (before applying ground cover) with emulsified asphalt or bituminous type paintings. This ensures the long life of the material over time with no additional maintenance. 6. FILTERS AND DRAINAGE, BERMS, REVEGETATION.

STEP 1 GRAVEL DRAINAGE BED Gravel filters are traditionally built with a geotextile fabric enveloping cover, gravel pack, and perforated PVC pipes. It will under all embankments. Digging from the outside of the foundation run to 39 out and to 14 deep. Place on the excavation (walls and bottom) Geotextile NT2500, leaving out a length of 39 to cover the filter material after installation. Incorporate perforated PVC pipe to drive moisture into the network and the filter material (gravel) and cover with the Geotextile NT2500. Additionally there will be a smaller gravel filter to be used as an anchor for the geotextile mesh.

STEP 2 - BERMS. First : outer face

For forming the outer face are used polypropylene bags or sisal. These bags are filled to third with organic material to form at the bottom a height of 8 .

Second

Placement of the fill material

Above the rest is compacted bag ( you step ) and then put the other bag so put a couple of bags per layer of geotextile , reaching 16 . It should compact a first layer 6 thick with hand machines (ground compactor or jumping jacks).The degree of compaction must be 95 % of the maximum density obtained in the laboratory for testing modified proctor . Should be compacted to half the thickness of the layer, using road rollers in the 2 ft closest to the face. After this first layer , the compaction process may be performed manually.

Third

Placement of Geotextile

Backfilled and compacted once the two layers, T2100 geotextile is installed , so that it is perpendicular to the horizontal alignment of the wall. Be provided in the site so as to prevent any movement or shape of folds or creases during placement of the following filler . The material must be placed directly on the geotextile . Just as the first layer is done , you have polypropylene or sisal bags , deeper than before to achieve the slope , just as with organic matter, and follow the same process to reach 16 and other new T2100 geotextile layer. (The process is repeated four times to reach 5ft 0.3 above the embankment)

Fourth :

Placing permanent protective mantle

After having listed the embankment surface proceed to place the permanent protective mantle . Remember that the key to a successful installation of erosion control blanket is " Establish and maintain close contact with the surface of the ground." Properly clean the surface, so as to allow proper installation of selected mantle , guaranteeing an " intimate contact " between the floor of the slope and the cloak . Build a ditch to anchor the blanket 1ft x 1ft and 2 ft to 3 ft from the crown of the slope, as shown below. In those places where it is not possible to construct the anchor trench , you must ensure complete adhesion between the slope and the cloak , this is achieved with the anchors stuck together (like stitching) on the upper slope , with to prevent ingress of water below the mantle and the resulting fertilized mud washing .

Install the mantle and attach it to the anchor trench . Unroll blanket downslope with a minimum overlap of 3 . Set the mantle to the ground with staples , ensuring good contact between the soil and the open weave blanket . The staples are in the form of "U ", 6 "x1" x6 " 9 gauge or smaller ( larger) . The staple length can vary, depending on the type of soil: for hard or rocky 6 " , for sandy 12" or more .

10

Anchor check pattern according to the inclination of the slope. Is recommended with geotextile fabric structure T2100 considering this function is not structural . The permanent mantle P300LW protect the structure of the material loss and additional deformation and this will help adding vegetation to the ground. The reinforced soil structure increase the confining system life and gives added strength. With the use of erosion control blankets , complete with vegetation , it generates an optimal protection for facades , functional, environmentally superior , to be more aesthetic, economic and flexible design . The soil loss savings against an unprotected slope and minimizing the effects mentioned above , results in lower maintenance costs . STEP 3 - RE - VEGETATION . Prepare the mixture of sludge fertilized , to ensure the process of re - vegetation , according to the enclosed instructions , the selection of the seeds should be advised by a qualified professional . Fertilized sludge suggested dosage : 35,315 ft of fertile soil , compost , 22 Lbs manure. 1Lb 5 oz of chemical fertilizer (NPK ) . Rich in nitrogen and phosphorus to help develop the roots. Rooting (optional ) to accelerate and promote root development. Seeds, properly selected according to the climate, altitude and humidity. Must be resistant species and vegetation prevailing in the area to reduce the environmental impact can be grasses or legumes ( agronomists or recommendations given by qualified professionals ) . 160 g of hydro-retainer (you can also use rice husk ) Place the fertilized mud on the slope or hydro-seeding . This mixture should be as homogeneous as possible ( can be mixed in a spin ) . The thickness of this mud placed must be at least 2 , if you leave more much better , in order to ensure the re-vegetation process and thus get a 100% plant cover .

11

7. WOODWORK DOORS AND WINDOWS Doors and windows can be performed in any type of material, and installed with the tabs left for this purpose by using epoxy adhesives, obviously embedded in the floor base.

12

13

14

8. INTERIOR DIVISIONS AND WALLS Walls and divisions must be performed in Dry-wall system preferably, but may apply any conventional material, such as brick, wood, stone, etc.., it is recommended to leave space under each structure. To set the grid-wall system Dry epoxy adhesives must be used against the interior surface of the structure. It is only necessary to prepare an application surface with sandpaper # 80 to promote adhesion of the epoxy glue.

15