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DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

Course Information/ Lesson Plan/ Lab Manual/ Question Bank



SUB: ELECTROMAGNETICS

SUB CODE: EE206
NO. OF HOURS: 52
FACULTY: ASHA.S.PATIL


UNIT
NO.
CHAPTER
TITLE/REFEREN
CE LITERATURE
TOPICS TO BE
COVERED
% OF PORTIONS
COVERED
REFER
ENCE
CHAPT
ER
CUMULLATI
VE
1.




a) Vector
Analysis.













b) Electrostatics
Rectangular coordinate
system.
Circular cylindrical
coordinates.
Spherical coordinate
system.
Vector components and
unit vectors.
Vector field.
Dot product, cross
product.





6




6
Coulombs law.
Electric field intensity,
Field of a line charge,
Field of a sheet of charge,
Electric flux density,
Gausss law,
Application of
Gausss law
Divergence of a
vector and
divergence theorem.
Electric Potential
Gradient of a
scalar quantity
Relation
between electric field and
potential














6














16

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

An electric dipole
and flux lines
Energy density
in electrostatic fields.

2.




Electric Fields in
material space
Properties of materials,
Convection and
conduction currents
Conductors
Polarization in dielectrics
Dielectric constant and
strength
Continuity equation and
relaxation time
Boundary conditions
Poissions and laplace
equation
General procedure for
solving poissions and
laplace equation
Resistance and
capacitance






4





16
3.




Magnetostatic
fields
Biot Savart law,
Amperes circuital law.
Application of ampere
circuital law
Curl.
Stokes theorem.
Magnetic flux and
magnetic flux density.
Maxwells equation for
static field
Scalar and vector
magnetic potentials.
Derivation of biot-savarts
law and amperes law







10






32

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

4.




a)Magnetic
Forces,
Material and
devices
Forces due to magnetic
fields
Magnetic torque and
moment
A magnetic dipole
Magnetization in
materials
Magnetic boundary
conditions
Indoctor and inductance
Magnetic energy and
magnetic circuits
Maxwells equation
Faradays law
Transformer and
motional
electromotiveforces
Displacement current
Maxwells equation In
final form
Time harmonics fields






11









44
5.




Electro magnetic
wave propogation
Wave propogaion in lossy
dielectrics
Plane wave in lossless
dielectrics
Plane wave in free space
Plane wave in good
conductrors
Power and pointing
vector
Reflection of a plane wave
at normal incidence
Reflection of a plane wave
at oblique incidence


04





4









Reference literature:
No: Title & Author
Publication Info
Edition Year
1
Principles of
Electromagnetics,Matthew
N.O-Sadiku
Fourth Edition
Oxford
University
---

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

Press.


Reference
No: Title & Author
Publication Info
Edition Year
1
Electromagnetics
Waves and radiating
systems-Edward c
Jordan,Keith G
Balmain,
PHI 2nd Edition 2005
2
Engineering
Electromagnetics,
William H Hayt Jr., &
John A Buck.

7th Edition
2007
4
Introduction to
Electromagnetics fields-
Clayton R Paul,Kath W
Whites,Syed A Nasar

TMH
2007




QUESTION BANK

UNIT -1

1 Find Electric field at a point (0,2,3) due to a charge Q = 10 nC
at (1,0,1).
assuming cr = 1.
03
2 It is required to hold four equal point charges + q each in
equilibrium at the
Corners of a square. Find the point charge, which will do this if
placed at the
center of the square.
06
3 Point charges of Q Coulombs and of opposite polarity are kept
at the corners of a regular hexagon of side a in sequence.
Determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field
intensity at the center. Also find the potential at the center.
07
4 A volume charge density r = K/r ( r= o, K = constant) exists
within a sphere of
radius a. Determine the magnitude of a point charge placed at
the origin which will produce the same electric field at r > a.
05
5 Let V = cos2| / in free space. 05

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

Find the volume charge density at point A (0.5, 60,1), Find E.
6 State and Explain Coulombs law of force between two point
charges and mention the units of quantities in the force
equation
05
7 Two particles having charges 2 nano coulomb and 5 nano
coulomb are spaced 80 cm apart. Determine the electric field
intensity at a point P situated at a distance 0.5 m from each of
the two particles. Assume the medium to be bakelite having
dielectric constant of 5
10
8 Show that the electric field at any point due to an infinite sheet
of charge is independent of the distance to the point from the
sheet.
10
9 A uniform line charge of linear charge density 25 nano
coulomb/m lies on the line x=-3m, z=4m in free space. Find
the electric field intensity at a point (2,15,3) m
05
10 A point charge of 30 nano coulomb is located at the origin in
Cartesian co-ordinates. Find the electric flux density D at (1,3,-
4)m
05
11 State Guass law. Obtain Guass law in point form 05
12 Find the Electric field at point (0,2,3) due to a charge of Q=10
nano coulomb at (1,0,1). Dimensions are in meters, cr = 1.
04
13 Derive and plot the variation of Electric field due to two
concentric spherical shells of inner radius R1 and outer radius
r2. Charge Q1 ia on the inner surface, while charge Q2 is on
the outer surface.
08
14 Explain Coulombs law. Justify that the force field in the region
of an isolated charge is spherically symmetric.
04
15 Develop an expression for the electric field intensity when the
charge is distributed uniformly over a surface.
04
16 A line charge of 2 nano coulomb/m lies along y axis, while
surface charge densities of 0.1 and -0.1 nC/m2 exist on the
planes Z=3 m, and Z=4 m respectively. Find the electric field
intensity at a point (1,-7,2)m
04
17 State and Explain Guass law and verify it for a point charge 04
18 A point charge Q=30 nano coulomb is located at the origin in
Cartesian co-ordinates. Find the electric flux density D at a
point (1,3,-4)m
04
19 A uniform line charge l = 25 nano coulomb/m lies on the line
x=-3, Z =4 in free space. Find the electric field intensity at i)
(2,10,3) ii) =4, =60, z=2
10
20 Three negative charges q,-2q,-3q are placed at the corners of
an equilateral triangle, length of each side is d. Find the
magnitude and direction of Electric field at the point bisecting
the line q and -3q.
08
21 A charge of +Q coulomb is distributed uniformly throughout 06

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

the volume of a sphere of radius R meters. Find the value of
the electric field at all points and sketch its variations.
22 Derive and plot the variation of Electric field due to two
concentric spherical shells of inner radius R1 and outer radius
R2. Charge Q1 is on the inner surface, while charge Q2 is on the
outer surface.
08
23 A uniform line charge l = 25 nano C/m lies on the line x = -
3,Z=4 in space. Find the electric field intensity at i) (2,10,3) ii)
= 4, = 60 and z= 2.

10
24 Three negative charges q,-2q,-3q are placed at the corners of
an equilateral triangle length of each side is d. Find the
magnitude and direction of electric field at the point bisecting
the line q and -3q.
08
25 A charge of +Q coulomb is distributed uniformly throughout
the volume of a sphere of radius R meters. Find the value of
electric field at all points and sketch its variations.
08

26 Given that the potential field V = 50x
2
yz + 20y
2
V in Free
space, Find
(a) V at P (1,2,3) (b) EP
06
27 40 nc of charge is distributed uniformly around a circular ring
of radius 2m. Find the potential at a point on the axis
5m from the plane of the ring
07
28 Two small metal spheres of radii a and b are separated by
distance d between
their centers. Find the capacitance of the condenser formed by
the two when d is
large enough to assume that the charge on each sphere is
distributed uniformly on the surface.
06
29 Find the total charge in a cubical volume defined by the 6
planes for which 1 s x s 3, 2 s y s 4, 3 s z s 5. If D =
( z y x a a a + + ) x
3
y
2
z C/m
2
.
06
30 Find the electric flux passing through a cylindrical tube 10 m
long and 1 m radius with its axis parallel to a very long slender
uniformly charged insulating rod having a linear
charge density of 9 nC/m.
07
31 A uniform line charge of l = 3 C/m lies along the z-axis and
a concentric circular cylinder of radius = 2 m has s = (-
1.5/(4t)) C/m
2
. Both the distributions are infinite in extent.
Use Gausss law to find D in all regions.
06
32 A point charge Q = 2000 pC is at the origin of spherical co-
ordinate. A concentric spherical distribution of charge at r
= 1 cm has a charge distribution s = 40t p C/m
2
. What
08

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

surface charge density on a concentric shell at r = 2m will
result in
D = 0 at r> 2m?
33 Consider two very thin concentric conducting spheres with
radii a and b. The outer sphere has a charge density +s C/m
2
,
while the inner sphere has a charge density - s C/m
2
. Plot E
versus r for 0 < r< a, a< r<b, r>b.
07
34 A spherical shell of radius 2a has uniform charge density and
total charge + 2Q C. Concentric with it is a uniform spherical
surface volume charge of radius a, and total charge Q C.
Calculate the potential at the common center.
06
35 Find the electric field strength at the point M(1,2,-1), given the
potential
V= 3 x
2
y+2yz
2
+3xyx
05
36 Explain the terms Electric Field Intensity and Electric Potential 04
37 Determine the capacitance of a capacitor consisting of two
parallel plates 30 x 30 cm surface area, separated by
5 mm in air. What is the total energy stored by the capacitor if
capacitor is charged to a potential difference of 500V? What is
the energy density?
05
38 Find the capacitance per unit length between a cylindrical
conductor and ground plane parallel to the conductor.
06
39 Discuss the boundary conditions between conductor and
dielectrics
06
40 Discuss the boundary conditions between two dielectric
materials
06
41 At the boundary between glass (r= 4) and air, the lines of
electric field make an angle of 40
0
with the normal to the
boundary. If electric flux density in air is 0.25 micro Coulomb/
m
2
, determine the orientation and magnitude of electric flux
density in air.
10
42 Calculate the energy stored between two concentric spherical
shells of inner radius R1 = 1 cm and outer radius R2 = 2 cm,
separated by a dielectric of r = 3 energized with a potential
difference of 10 kV.
6
43 Explain the boundary conditions between two dielectrics and
also between dielectric and conductor and hence obtain the
law of refraction
10
44 Find and expression establishing the relationship between
electric field intensity and gradient of potential.
5
45 Derive and expression for the energy stored in a region of
continuous charge distribution.
05
46 A parallel plate capacitor for which C = A/d has a constant
voltage V applied across the plates. Find the stored energy in
the electric field.
05

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

47 Discuss the three basic principles that apply to conductors in
electrostatic fields. Indicate how these principles with a given
knowledge of potential field help to calculate certain field
quantities.
06
48
If the potential field V is given by ( )
2 2
100 y x V = , find E , V at a
point (2,-1,3) and the equation representing the locus of all
points having a potential of 300V.
06
49 Discuss the behaviour of fields at the interface between a
perfect dielectric and a conductor.
08
50 Derive an expression for energy density in a static electric field 05
51 Find the angle by which the direction of electric field intensity
changes as it crosses the boundary between two dielectrics
with dielectric constants 4 and 5. The incident angle is 50
0

with the normal.
04
52 A capacitor has square plates each of side a m. The plates
make an angle woth each other. Show that for small values
of , the capacitance is given by,
|
.
|

\
|
=
d
a
d
a
C
2
1
2
0
u c
Farads
07
53 A metallic sphere of radius 0.1 m has a surface charge density
of 10 nC/ m
2
. Calculate the electric energy stored in the
system. Derive the formula employed.
07
UNIT -2
1 By using Laplaces equation, obtain expressions for electric
potential and electric field intensity in a spherical co-
ordinate system.
05
2 Derive Poissons equation and hence arrive at Laplaces
equation in CCS & SCS
05
3 State and prove Uniqueness theorem. 08
4 Derive the capacitance of a junction diode by Poissons
equation.
06
5 Write Laplace equation in spherical co-ordinates. In spherical
co-ordinates, V=0 for r = 0.1 m and V= 100 volts for r = 2 m.
Assuming free space between these concentric spherical shells,
find electric density.
08
6 Derive an expression for the energy density in a static field 05
7 Using Laplace equation, derive the expression for the potential
at point in infinitely long co-axial cable with inner radius a and
outer radius b
12
8 A spherical condenser has capacitance 54 pico farad. It
consists of two concentric spheres differing radii by 4 cm. and
having air as dielectric. Find their radii.
08
9 Let V= 2xy
2
z
3
. and = 0. Given point P(1,2,-1), find a) V at P;
b) E at P; c) v at P; d) The equation of the equipotential
08

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

surface passing through P.
10 A parallel-plate capacitor has plated located at z=0 and z=d.
The region between plates is filled with a material that
contains volume charge of uniform density 0 C/m
3
and has
permittivity . Both plates are held at ground potential.
a) Determine the potential field between plates. b) Determine
the electric field intensity E between plates. c) Repeat parts a)
and b) for the case of the plate at z=d raised to potential V0,
with the z=0 plate grounded.
08
11 Let V= (cos 2)/ in free space. a) Find the volume charge
density at point A(0.5,60
0
, 1) ; b) Find the surface charge
density on a conductor surface passing through the point
B(2,30
0
, 1)
08
12 A uniform charge has constant density v = 0 C/m3 and fills
the region r < a, in which permittivity is assumed. A
conducting spherical shell is located at r = a and is held at
ground potential. Find a) The potential everywhere b) The
electric field intensity E everywhere
08
13 In Cartesian co-ordinates, a potential is a function of x only. At
x= -2.0 cm, V= 25.0 V and ( ) x a E =
3
10 3 . 1 throughout the
region. Find V at x= 3.0 cm.
05
14 In cylindrical co-ordinates, V = 75 V at r= 5 mm and V = 0 at
r= 60 mm. Find the voltage at r = 130 mm, if the potential
depends only on r.
04
15 Conducting planes at = 10
0
and = 0
0
in cylindrical
coordinates have voltages of 75 V and zero , respectively.
Obtain D in the region between the planes, which contains a
material for which r = 1
05
16 The voltage reference is at r = 15 mm in spherical co-ordinates
and the voltage is V0 at r = 200 mm. Given ( ) m V a E r / 7 . 334 =
at r= 110 m, find Vo. The potential is a function of r only.
05
17 In spherical co-ordinates, V= 865 V at r = 50 cm and
( ) m V a E r / 2 . 748 = at r= 85 cm. Determine the location of the
voltage reference if the potential depends only on r.
05
18 In cylindrical co-ordinates, = 111/r pico C/m
3
. Given that V=
0 at r =1.0 m and V= 50 V at r=3.0 due to this charge
configuration, find the expression for E
05
19 Using Laplaces equation, prove that the potential distribution
at any point in the region between two concentric cylinders of

07

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

radii A and B as Volts
B
A
B
V V
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
ln
ln
0


20 It is known that V=XY is a solution of Laplaces equation,
where X is a fubction of x alone and Y is a function of y alone.
Determine which of the following functions are also solutions
of Laplaces equation i)V=100X; ii) V= 80 XY;iii) V= 3XY+x+by
07

UNIT -2(b) and 2(c)

1 An infinite conductor carries a current 2 A in the z direction.
Find the magnitude
of the force on a 1 m length of conductor in the field.
(i) B = (0.1ax 0.2ay) Wb/m
2

(ii) B = (0.3ax 0.4ay) Wb/m
2

(iii) B = 0.2ax, E = 0.3ay
06
2 The magnetic field components of a plane wave in a loss less
medium is given by H= 30sin(2t10
8t
5x) ay mA/m, Find (i)
phase velocity , ii) Electric field intensity (iii) intrinsic
impedance.
06
3 Find the magnetic field at the point (1,32,) caused by a current
element
Idl = 2t(ax-0.8ay)A-m situated at (4,-2,3).
06
4 An infinite straight conductor carries a current of 10 A and a
coil has 10 number of turns, radius 10 cm at a distance 50
cm from the axis of a straight conductor. If the magnetic field
at the center of the coil is to be zero, what current should be
passed through the coil?
06
5 Obtain the expression for magnetic flux density at a point due
to a current carrying straight conductor of finite length. Extend
the analysis for the case of infinitely long straight conductor.
10
6 Explain the concept of vector magnetic potential 05
7 A circuit carrying a direct current of 5 A forma a rectangular
hexagon inscribed in a circle of radius 1 m. Calculate the
magnetic flux density at the centre of the current hexagon.
Assume the medium to be free space.
05
8 State Amperes law and hence derive the corresponding
Maxwells equation in differential form.
05
9 Find the field intensity and flux density at the centre of a
circular wire carrying a current I and of radius a, by using
Biot-Savort law
06
10 A long straight tubular conductor of circular cross section with
outside diameter of 5 cm carries a direct current of 100 A .
06

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

Find H i) inside the wall of the tube and ii) just outside the
wall of the tube by using ampere circuital law
11 State and discuss Amperes circuital law and apply it to the
case of an infinitely long co-axial transmission line carrying a
uniformly distributed current, to calculate the magnetic field
intensity.
08
12 If the magnetic field intensity in a region is
( ) z y x a x a yz a x H
2 2
2 + + = find the current density at the origin
04
13 Discuss the concept of vector magnetic potential and arrive at
an expression for it
04
14 Given the vector magnetic potential , find the magnetic flux
density
04
15 Determine flux density produced at any point P for a current
circuit shown in fig. below. PA=PB=PC=4m



08
16 Determine flux density produced at any point P in air at a
distance R from a linear conductor carrying current I
06
17 State and Explain Faradays law in integral form 06
18
Show that curl H = J where H is the magnetic field intensity,
and J is the current density
06
19 Using Biot-Savarts law for magnetic induction, show that the
vector magnetic potential is given by
}
=
r
dl I
A
t

4
where dl is an
element of current path carrying a current I
08
20
The magnetic vector potential is x a
z y x
A
2 2 2
5
+ +
= Wb/m.
Find the magnetic flux density in vector form.
06
21
Given ( ) ( ) z
x
x a e y a ax y A + + = cos , find A V at the origin 05
22
A circular conductor of radius cm r 1
0
= has an internal field
given by | a ar
a
r
ar
a r
H
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
= cos sin
1 10
2
4
A/m, where
0
2r
a
t
= .
Find the total current in the conductor.
05
21
Obtain the vector magnetic potential A in the region
surrounding an infinitely long, straight, filamentary current I
05
22 Two identical current loops of radius r = 3 m and I = 20A are in
parallel planes, separated on their common axis by 10 m. Find
H at a point midway between the two loops
05
23 Compute the total magnetic | crossing the z= 0 plane in 05
A
B
C
P
10 A

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

cylindrical co-ordinates for r <= 5 x 10
-2
m if ( ) z a
r
B |
2
sin
2 . 0
=
Tesla.
24 A co-axial conductor with an inner conductor of radius a and
an outer conductor of innner and outer radii b and c
respectively, carries a current I in the inner conductor. Find
the magnetic flux per unit length crossing a plane | = Constant
between the conductors
05
25 Given that the vector magnetic potential within a cylindrical
conductor of radius a is z a
a
Ir
A
2
2
0
4t

= find the corresponding


H
06
26
Define vector magnetic potential Aand prove that
}
=| dl A. 04
27 Prove that the magnetic flux density at the centre of a long
solenoid is twice that at its centre
10

UNIT -3

1 Consider an a.c. generator consisting of a single square loop of
wire (length of side equals a) rotating in a steady magnetic
field B at an angular velocity e. The axis of the loop rotation is
perpendicular to the uniform field. Find voltage induced in the
loop.
06
2 A fixed square eight- turn wire loop has corners at (0,0,0),
(2,0,0), (0,3,0) and
(2,3,0) m. If a magnetic field normal to the loop varies as a
function of position as given by B = 12sin(tx/2)cos(ty/3), find
the r.m.s. emf induced in the loop if B also varies
harmonically with time at 800 Hz.
07
3 A uniform magnetic field B = 200 mT extends over a square
area 100 mm on a side, with zero field outside. A rectangular
wire loop 40 mm by 80 mm is moved
through the field with a uniform velocity v. If the induced loop
voltage V = 2mV , find the loop velocity v.
06
4 (a) A square loop 1 m on a side is normal to a uniform
magnetic field B0 = 3 mT.
Find the peak e.m.f. induced in the loop if the loop is
stationary but the field varies as B0cos(2tft) where f = 159 Hz.
(b) Find the
peak e.m.f. induced in the loop if the field is fixed at B0 but
loop rotates at 159 rotations/sec.
06
5 A rectangular loop carrying current I is kept near a long, 07

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

straight wire carrying current I in its own plane. The side of the
loop b being parallel to the current whiles the side a (a<b) is
that x>>a where x is the distance of the center of the loop from
the wire carrying current I. Calculate the force on the loop.
6 A conductor 4 m long lies along the y axis with a current of 10
A in the y a direction.Find the force on the conductor if the
field in the region is, x a B 05 . 0 = Tesla.
10
7 A cubical volume at one corner at the origin and the most
distant corner is at (4,4,4) m has a magnetic field H = -
8ay A/m. If the relative permeability r = 200. Find (a) The
energy stored in the volume (b) The equivalent current and (c)
the Inductance L of the volume
06
8 Obtain an expression for the self inductance per unit length of
a co-axial cable of
inner radius a and outer radius b but of negligible thickness.
05
9 Write a short notes on Hall effect 05
10 Explain the nature of the force when a charged particle is
moving through steady electric and magnetic fields
Find an expression for force on diffferential current element
moving in a steady magnetic field
Deduce the result for a straight condcutor in a uniform
magnetic field
08
11 A conductor 4 m long lies along the y-axis with a current of 10
A in the y a direction. Find the force on the conductor if the
field in the region is x a B 05 . 0 = Tesla

10
12
Discuss the magnetic boundary conditions to apply to B, H
and M at the interface between different magnetic materials

08
13 Obtain the expression for magnetic force between two current
elements and hence for current loops
06
14 Find the magnetization in a magnetic material where
i)
5
10 8 . 1

= H/m and 120 = H A/m.
ii) 22 =
r
, there are 8.3 x 10 28 atoms/m3 and each atome
has a dipole moment of 4.5x10 -27 A/m2
iii) 300 = B T and 15 =
m
_
06
15 Define self inductance. Find the same for a solenoid with air
core having 2000 turns and a length of 500 mm core with
radius 40 mm
08
16 Compute the magnetic field at a point on the axis of a circular
loop carrying DC current I. What is the field at the centre?
10
17 A toroid 0.2 m in diameter and 10 sq. cm cross sectional area
of the core is uniformly wound with 250 turns of wire. If the
06

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

flux density in the core is to be 1 Wb/m
2
and relative
permeability r is = 500, what is the exciting current to be
passed in the winding? Determine also the value of self-
inductance and stored energy

UNIT -4

1 Let = 3x 10
-5
H/m, c = 1.2 x 10
-10
F/m and o = 0 everywhere.
If
H = 2 cos(10
10
t - |x) az A/m, use Maxwells equations to obtain
expressions for
B, D and E.
06
2 The electric field intensity in the region 0< x <5, 0<y<t/12,
0<z<0.006 m in free space is given by E =
10sin(12y)sin(az)cos(2x10
10
t)ax V/m. Beginning with V x E
relationship, use Maxwells equations to find a numerical value
for a, if it is known that a is greater than zero.
06
3 Calculate the displacement current when an a.c. voltage of 100
sin(2t10
4
t) is
applied across a capacitor of 4 at instances 0.01ms, 0.1ms,
1.0ms.
07
4 A rectangular loop of sides a and b are located near an infinite
line current such that the smaller side a is parallel to line
current and are at a distance of x and x+b from it. If current in
linear conductor is t I e cos
0
, find the induced voltage in the
rectangular loop
10
5 State Maxwells equations in general integral form. Derive there
from relation between tangential and normal component of
Electric and Magnetic field.
10
6 Discuss the physical significance of displacement current and
justify that for the case of a parallel plate capacitor the
displacement current is equal to the conduction current.
Comment on the ratio of magnitudes of conduction current
density to displacement current density
05
7 A circular cross-section conductor of radius 1.5 mm carries a
current ( ) A t i
10
10 4 sin 5 . 5 = . Find the amplitude of the
displacement current density if 10 / 35 = =
r
and m mho c o
05
8 Derive Maxwells equation in point form for Electric and
Magnetic fields.
05
9
Given ( ) y a I t Sin Em E | e = in free space, calculate H and B D,
05
10 Explain transformer and motional induced emf. 06
11 Show that and emf induced in a Faradays disc generator is 06

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

given by Volts
a B
e
2
2
e
= where e is the angular velocity in
radians/sec, B is the magnetic flux density in Tesla and a is
the radius of the disc in meter
12 Write the Maxwells equations in point form for static fields and
in integral form for time-varying fields
08
13 Write explanatory notes on Maxwells equation in point and
integral forms applicable to time varying fields.
07
14 State Faradays-Lenzs law of Electromagnetic Induction and
hence derive the corresponding Maxwells Equation in
differential form.
08
15 A straight conductor of length 40 cm moves perpendicular to
its axis at a velocity of 50 m/ sec in a uniform magnetic field of
flux density 1.2 Wb/m2. Evaluate the emf induced in the
conductor if the direction of motion is a) Normal to the field b)
Parallel to the field iii) At an angle of 60
0
to the orientation of
field
06
16 Bring out the differences between Electric Field and Magnetic
Field.
06

UNIT -5(a)

1 Suppose a uniform plane wave in empty space has the electric
field Ez = 1000e
-j
|
0
z
ax V/m, frequency
being 20 MHz. i) What is the direction of travel? ii) Find the
associated B field and the equivalent H field
06
2 Find the phase factor |0, the phase velocity and the wavelength
of the plane wave.
06
3 Prove that the average Poynting vector of a circularly polarized
wave is twice that of a linearly polarized wave.
06
4 If Es = 60(sinu/r)e
-j2r
a
u
V/m and H = (sinu/4tr)e
-j2r
a
|
A/m, in
free space, find the average power passing outward through
the surface r = 10
6
, 0 < u < t/3,
0 < | < 2t.
07
5 The electric field of a uniform plane wave in free space is given
by
E=10(ax + jay)e
-j25x
.
(a) Determine the frequency, f;
(b) Find the magnetic filed phasor H and
(c) Describe the polarization of the wave.
06
6 A circular disc of radius a carries uniform surfaces charge
densityo. Calculate the equivalent magnetic moment if the disc
rotates with angular velocity e about its axis.
07
7 A uniform plane electromagnetic wave is incident normally 08

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

upon a sheet of dielectric material which has the following
constants: cr = 4c0,r = 0, o = 0. If the sheet is 2 cm thick and
the amplitude of the electric field strength of the incident wave
is 100 mV/m, determine the electric field strength of the wave
after passing through the sheet (a) if frequency is 3 GHz, (b)
frequency = 30 MHz.
8 Show that at any point in space the cross product of electric
and magnetic field intensity vectors is a measure of rate of
energy flow per unit area at that point.
10
9 Discuss the uniform plane wave propagation in a good
conducting medium
06
10 The magnetic field intensity of uniform plane wave in air is 20
A/m in y a direction. the wave is propagating in the z a
direction at an angular frequency of sec / 10 2
9
rad . Find
i)Phase Shift ii) Wave length iii) Frequency iv) Amplitude of
Electric field intensity

11 A circular wire is having a conductivity o and radius a
carrying a direct current I amperes. Using Poyntings theorem,
determine the net power entering the wire of length l meters.
08
12 Obtain the solution of wave equation for uniform plane wave
propagating in free space
10
13
Derive wave equation in E and H for a conducting medium.
10
14 State and prove Poyntings theorem. 10
15 For a uniform plane wave traveling in x-direction in free space,
) 10 . 2 ( 10
8
x t Sin Ey | t = Find the phase constant, phase velocity
and the expression for z H if 0 = = y z H E
10
16 Define characteristic impedance and show that its value is 377
Ohms for free space
06
17 Determine the velocity and wavelength of a 300 MHz uniform
plane wave propagating in a dielectric of r= 2.5. compare these
values with those of free space.
06
18 Define and derive an expression for the Skin Depth. Calculate
the skin depth for a metal whose conductivity is 10
9
mho/m.
r = r= 1 at a frequency of 30 MHz
08
19 State and explain with derivation Poyntings Theorem. 12
20 Define Poynting vector and explain the power flow associated
with it.
The electric field intensity at a distance of 10 km in free space
from a radio station was found to be 2.2 mV/m. Calculate
i)Power density ii) The total power radiated from the station.
Assume the radiation to be spherically symmetric.
10
21 Derive wave equations for the magnetic field 06
22 Show that uniform plane waves are transverse in nature 06

DEPARTMENT OF EEE AUTONOMOUS (under VTU) III SEM

For a uniform plane wave traveling is given by
) ( 30 z t Cos Ey | e = volts /m. Find the value of the associated
magnetic field
08



UNIT -5(b)

1 Discuss the propagation of uniform plane wave at the boundary
of two different materials.
10
2 Derive the relations for reflection coefficients and transmission
coefficients.
Discuss the Standing Wave Ratio.
06
3 Derive the expressions for transmission co-efficient and
reflection co-efficient
08
4 Define standing wave ratio S. What value of S results when
reflection co-efficient is
2
1

04
5
Given m V E Ohms and Ohms x
i
/ 100 , 300 100 , 5 . 0 1
2 1
= = = = I q q ,
calculate the values for the incident, reflected and transmitted
waves. Also show that the average power is conserved
08
6
A uniform plane wave in air, ) 10 (
10
10 1 z t Cos E E x x | =
+ +
V/m, is
normally incident on a copper surface at z=0. What percentage
of the incident power density is transmitted to the copper
08
7 An electromagnetic wave in free space has a wavelength of 0.2
m. When this same wave enters a perfect dielectric, the
wavelength changes to 0.09 m. Assuming that r = 1, find r
and the velocity of propagation
06
8 A wave starts at point a, propagates 100 m through a lossy
dielectric for which =0.5 Nepers /m, reflects at a normal
incidence at a boundary at which = 0.3 + j 0.4, and then
returns to point a. Calculate the ratio of the final power to the
incident power after this round trip.
08
9 Consider a 50 M Hz uniform plane wave having electric field
amplitude 10 V/m. the medium is lossless, having r = r = 9.0
and r = 1.The wave propagates in the x, y plane at a 30 degree
angle to the x axis and is linearly polarized along z. Write down
the phasor expression for the electric field
06