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Training Material for Samsung Mobile WiMAX

March. 2009 Marketing Group


Contents......................................................................................................................................2 Overview ....................................................................................................................................3 Business Status.........................................................................................................................7 Mobile WiMAX Systems ..........................................................................................................10 Mobile WiMAX Devices & Chipset...........................................................................................12 Technology...............................................................................................................................13


Q What is Mobile WiMAX?
Mobile WiMAX is based upon the IEEE 802.16 standard, enabling the delivery of wireless broadband services anytime, anywhere. Samsung Mobile WiMAX can be used not only for mobile environment but also for fixed and nomadic because it provides wider converge than wireless LAN and as high as fixed data rate. Samsung Mobile WiMAX supports seamless data service even at the speed of 120Km.

Q What will WiMAX services offer to the average consumer?

WiMAX networks will provide broadband connectivity and mobile Internet anytime, anywhere, for any device. Examples include:

High speed internet access where it is currently unavailable. Substantially increase data speeds (over 2G/3G technologies) for applications to include online gaming, streaming video, video conferencing, VoIP and location based services. Drive wireless mobile Internet equipment and access prices to an open and competitive price point In the U.S., Mobile WiMAX services from Sprint and Clearwire will reach more than 150 million consumers by year end 2010. In rural areas, WiMAX technology will establish an affordable and efficient broadband network. The purchase and installation process of WiMAX technology is faster, simpler and cheaper than other offered solutions. Additionally, the non-line-of-sight (NLoS) capability means that WiMAX technology can provide coverage despite the challenges of geography and the limited footprint of wireline-based solutions.

In developing countries, WiMAX technology provides the opportunity to connect people with Internet and VOIP services faster and more affordably than wireline technology.


Q Network configuration for WiMAX

ACR (Access Control Router): base station controller, Access Gateway RAS (Radio Access Station): base station

Q What are the key elements of WiMAX technology?

Mobile WiMAX Benefits - High speeds: First, Mobile WiMAX supports high speed data service while you are moving speeds up to 120Km/h. Compare with wireless LAN, we can experience high quality of service with Mobile WiMAX. - Full mobility: Mobile WiMAX supports full Mobility. When we use wireless LAN, we have to stay one place because wireless LAN cannot supports full mobility. But with Mobile WiMAX, we can enjoy web service while we are moving in the car, our phone is always connecting to the WiMAX network. - Wide Coverage: Samsung Mobile WiMAX base station covers wide area, up to 1Km as a diameter. Samsung Mobile WiMAX has much wider coverage than wireless LAN,


Mobile WiMAX Service - Communications: We don't have to go somewhere to meet people, with the Mobile WiMAX video telephony and conference, we can see people, talk, and send data or share various contents together. Mobile WiMAX delivers high-quality of voice, video and data. So we can communicate interactively with multiple users simultaneously. - Information: We can get the various kinds of information like traffic navigation, blog and location based service. It means we can find out the way to restaurant, simultaneously check the menu from their web site and make a reservation with Mobile WiMAX terminal. - Entertainment: Numerous people can share same data, video on Single Mobile WiMAX network. Mobile WiMAX provides all IP service, we can enjoy every service with premium quality of data Mobile WiMAX Technology - Simple IP Network: Other technology has very complex network because they need many elements for own services. But Mobile WiMAX is genuine IP based system which is directly connected to IP network. It has only two elements and it is very easy to converge with other technology and operator can minimize their initial investment. - Various Devices: Samsung has many types of Mobile WiMAX devices. For example, as you can see, smart phone and PCMCIA card which is inserted to the laptop, normal phone and even Mobile WiMAX robot.

Q What are the differences between 16d, 16e, and WLAN?

WLAN - No mobility - Narrow coverage 802.16d - No mobility - Large coverage 802.16e - Full mobility - Large coverage

Q Why Samsung Mobile WiMAX?

Commercial Experience Many leading operators chose Samsung as their Mobile WiMAX partner and have successfully delivered mobile broadband services. Among them include KTs WiBro in Korea, the worlds first Mobile WiMAX service, Sprint Nextels XOHM in USA, the Mobile WiMAX Wave2 service. UQ Communications in Japan also selected Samsung for their Mobile WiMAX service. With rich experience and accumulated know-how, Samsung is always ready for your successful Mobile WiMAX business.


End-to-End Total Solution Samsung provides a complete, end-to-end total solution from chipset to devices, ASN and CSN products. The wide ranges of products are already proven in the field, macro to micro environment including dense urban, urban, rural, enterprise building and campus. Our most optimized solution will meet your various needs economically and effectively. Leadership in Mobile WiMAX Apr. 08 Mobile WiMAX Wave1 products received the first WiMAX Forum Certified designation Jan. 08 Worlds first Mobile WiMAX 2.5GHz Wave2 soft-launch with Sprint Nextel Feb. 07 Wave2 MIMO & Beam Foaming demonstration at 3GSM World Congress, Spain. Aug. 06 Worlds first 4G demonstration (1Gbps, 100Mbps) at Samsung 4G Forum, Korea Jun. 06 Worlds first Mobile WiMAX commercial service with KT & SKT, Korea


Business Status
Q Do you explain the status of global deployment of Samsung Mobile WiMAX?
A number of leading telecom operators in the world chose Samsung as their Mobile WiMAX Partner. Among the well-know projects, the most significant are: WiBro services launched by operators KT and SKT in South Korea, XOHM by Sprint Nextel in US, UQ Communications in Japan and Yota service by Scartel in Russia.

Q How about the business performance in Korea?

KT's WiBro is the world first commercialized Mobile WiMAX. It covers the whole of Seoul and metropolitan and works well even in subways and on highways including the Airport Highway. Recently KT expanded its network to other major 19 cities and upgraded service from Wave1 to Wave2. It had gathered about 200,000 customers for WiBro and is expected to be able have a larger customer pool by the end of the year by this coverage expanding and service upgrade. Mobile broadband data market in Korea (Aug. 2008) - Mobile WiMAX: 200K (KT) Subscribers characteristics - Man 71%, Woman 29% - 2/3 are in their 30s / 40s: ~19(3%), 20~29(36%), 30~39(32%), 40~49(19%), 50~(10%) - Business man 50%, student 26%, Professional 7% - Majority of devices purchased are USB versatility: USB dongle (90%), Smart phone (8%), Network deployment - Commercial launch at Seoul and metropolitan area - Coverage Focus: Hot zone of trendy area, Subway, Metro highway, 78 universities - Recently added 19 Cities with Wave2 Services: Data + Media + Communication - Basic: Internet access - 5 services: Mobile UCC, Web mail, Video conference, personalized news clipping, remote PC link, etc. - Charge: $10/m for 1Gbytes, $20/m for unlimited


- W-Campus: $3.0/m for unlimited inside the campus selected by customer CPE/Terminal vendors Samsung, LG, , , , , Sodiff, Posdata, KTFT (9)

Q Do you explain status and plan of Sprints Mobile WiMAX business?

XOHM launched its commercial service two (three) days ago at Baltimore with Samsungs systems and terminals. Washington D.C, Boston, and Dallas, where Samsungs infra was deployed will follow it by the end of this year and Philadelphia in the next year. Current status of deployment - Commercial launch at Baltimore. - Washington D.C, Chicago, Boston and Dallas in 08 - Philadelphia in 09 - System vendors: Samsung (Washington D.C & Baltimore), Motorola (Chicago) Service Provider - New Clearwire: Sprint 51%, Clearwire 49% - Investors: Comcast (Cable company), Time Warner, Bright House Networks ($3.2 billion) - Total investment $14.5 billion

Q How about Japans plan of Mobile WiMAX?

UQ Communications, consisting of 6 powerful companies related to telecommunications, also has chosen Samsung. It will commercialize its service in the next year in Tokyo and Yokohama and intends to provide services in all territory of Japan by 2013. It's main service is MVNO - Trial service in Feb. 09, Commercial in July 09 @ Tokyo and Yokohama - Nationwide service by 2013 (97% of pop.) - Service: MVNO - System: LS1 (macro), LS3 indoor (inbuilding)


Q Do you explain status and plan of Scartels Mobile WiMAX business?

Scatel is a new wireless broadband company in Russia. It contracted with Samsung infra in Oct. last year and successfully soft-launched its service, Yota, in Moscow and St. Peterburg last month. It plans to launch commercial service in Nov. this year, when it gets full out-door coverage in the two cities. It spends just one year from contract to commercial service. It uses Samsung U-RAS Flexible, DU-RRH separated bases station. Nov. 08 commercial launch at Moscow and St. Petersburg Coverage . 08 base station: U-RAS flexible 1,000EA (Moscow 600, St.P 400) . 09 in-building / Metro coverage using Samsungs LS3P


Mobile WiMAX Systems

Q What type of Base Station do you have?
U-RAS Premium - 3 carriers 3 sectors - 20W - Commercial @USA U-RAS Compact - 1 carriers 3 sectors - 20W - Commercial @USA

U-RAS Flexible - 2 carriers 3 sectors - 8W - 1DU supports up to 6 RRH - Commercial @Russia and Lithuania

U-RAS Light Series 1 - 2 carriers omni - 10W - Commercial @Japan

U-RAS Light Series 3 (outdoor) - 1 carriers omni - 200mW - hole filling, campus NW, etc.

U-RAS Light Series 3 (indoor) - 1 carriers omni - 400mW - In-building

U-RAS Premium - Standard BS for dense-urban, urban - High capacity, 1site 1rack solution, Beam forming ready U-RAS Compact - Small size BS for macro coverage - Compact size, 1site 1rack solution U-RAS Flexible - Flexible configuration for macro coverage - Easy installation with small & standard rack mountable size - Flexible configuration 1site supports up to 6 cells - Minimize the cable loss by using optic interface, Beam forming ready U-RAS LS1


- Cost effective one box BS for macro coverage - Small size 1 box type Macro BS, Rugged & waterproof body - Easy installation & maintenance, Zero foot print U-RAS LS3 (Outdoor) - One box, small size BS for Hot Zone & Campus network - Rugged & waterproof body, Easy installation & maintenance - Diverse application (e.g. campus network, stadium, hole filling) U-RAS LS3 (Indoor) - Compact size BS for crowded in building area - Cost effective in-building solution than legacy solution (repeater) - Simple expansion of network capacity

Q How many users can access to internet using your products? How about the cell coverage?
A single WiMAX base station is able to serve thousands of subscribers. The actual number of users will depend on the number of sectors, the amount of spectrum available and the guaranteed bandwidth to each user. Capacity (when ~Kbps per user) concurrently 75users Depending on N/W situation up to 1500users About 1floor Cell coverage Urban :about 1km Rural : up to several km

U-RAS Premium U-RAS Compact U-RAS Flexible U-RAS LS1 U-RAS LS3

Q How much are the systems?

The product price can be only opened by sales staffs to their customers.


Mobile WiMAX Devices & Chipset

Q What type of devices do you have?
Card type USB type PDA type UMPC type PMP type
PCMCIA card (SPH-H1100) SPH-H1200 mWiMAX+HSDPA M8100 mWiMAX+EVDO+TDMB SPH-P9200 mWiMAX+HSDPA+WiFi SWT-W100K mWiMAX+TDMB+GPS Express card (SWC-E100) 2.5G, MiMO SPH-H1300 mWiMAX+HSDPA M8200 mWiMAX+EVDO+TDMB Q1 Ultra mWiMAX+WiFi SWT-H200K mWiMAX M830 mWiMAX+HSDPA

Q Whose chipset are you using for the devices?

We are using Samsung chipset. Samsung Mobile WiMAX chipset solutions are developed the most excellent performance among the solutions of other mobile communication technologies as well as completed the fastest stability. Samsung Mobile WiMAX solutions reduce power consumption and are able to connect with a variety of portable devices for building Mobile WiMAX ecosystem Samsungs CMC730, Mobile WiMAX Baseband Chip, supports the Mobile WiMAX Wave2 full features including HARQ, MIMO, Smart Antenna, Beam forming Scalability and Interference canceller. For various application connections, CMC730 supports DPRAM, USB, PCMCIA and SDIO device.


Q How faster Mobile WiMAX is than other technologies?
WCD MA Band width Down Up 2Mbps 384Kb ps 14.4M bps 384Kb ps 14.4M bps 5.6Mb ps 5MHz HSDP A 5MHz 5MHz 8.75M Hz 18.43 Mbps 4.03M bps 10M Hz 20M bps 5Mb ps 10.08Mbps 10MHz(Wa ve2) 37.44Mbps HSPA Mobile WiMAX

Q What are Wave1 and Wave2?

Wave 1 and Wave2 are definition of certification for Mobile WiMAX. The WiMAX Forum organization divided certification test cases into Wave1 and Wave2 considering market situation and technology maturity. Basic features were included Wave1 and advanced features like MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output), Beamforming, MBS (Multicast and Broadcast Service) were defined Wave2 certification. Wave1 (2.3G profile 1A) was already launched since 2006 in Korea. Most of other countries are waiting for Wave2 (2.5G).

Q Which company has certified products?

WiMAX Forum defines and conducts conformance and interoperability testing to ensure that different vendor systems work seamlessly with one another. Those that pass the harsh testing has been received the WiMAX Forum Certified designation and Samsung got all sort of certifications from device to base station WiMAX Forum has finished until now. In fact, except Sequans, which is a chip vendor, Samsung is the only company who has certified products in all part. BS Samsung, Posdata, Runcom, Sequans Samsung, Motorola, Alvarion, Sequans MS Samsung, Posdata, Runcom, Sequans Samsung, Intel, Beceem, Sequans, Airspan, ZTE, ZyXEL

Wave1 Wave2

Q What is MIMO?
MIMO (Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output) is the use of multiple antennas at both the transmitter and receiver to improve communication performance. It offers significant increases


in data throughput and link range without additional bandwidth or transmit power. It achieves this by higher spectral efficiency (more bps/Hz of bandwidth) and link reliability or diversity (reduced fading).

Q What is Beam-Forming?
Beamforming takes advantage of interference to change the directionality of the array. When transmitting, a beam-former controls the phase and relative amplitude of the signal at each transmitter, in order to create a pattern of constructive and destructive interference in the wave front. When receiving, information from different sensors is combined in such a way that the expected pattern of radiation is preferentially observed.

Q What is orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)?

OFDM is a digital encoding and modulation technology. It has been used successfully in wireline access applications, such as Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) modems and cable modems as well as WiFi. Products from WiMAX Forum member companies are using OFDM-based 802.16 systems to overcome the challenges of NLoS propagation. OFDM achieves high data rate and efficiency by using multiple carrier signals instead of just one. All future 4G technologies will be based upon OFDM. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) is enhanced OFDM and used in Mobile WiMAX technology and the IEEE 802.16e-2005 standard, and it is the foundation for the next-generations of mobile broadband to come. It is a multi-user version of Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM). The difference between the two technologies is that OFDMA assigns subsets of sub-carriers to individual users allowing simultaneous low data rate transmission from several users.

Q How does WiMAX technology compare to broadband and Wi-Fi transfer speeds?
WiMAX provides high-speed broadband connection to the Internet and is typically deployed on a city wide, region or even nationwide basis. Wi-Fi is a wireless local area network technology. WiMAX and Wi-Fi are complementary as WiMAX provides the wide-area access and Wi-Fi can provide the local area access. Numerous device manufacturers/CE companies are incorporating Wi-Fi/WiMAX modems into portable devices and mini PCs. The application will automatically select the best connection based on the availability of service at a certain location.


Q What is IMT-2000 and define its current relationship with WiMAX technologies?
In 1999 the International Telecommunications Union Radio communications (ITU-R) defined a set of standards called IMT-2000, commonly known as 3G technologies. These technologies benefit from access to harmonized spectrum bands worldwide that facilitate global economies of scale. The IMT-2000 provides a framework for worldwide wireless access by linking the diverse systems of terrestrial and satellite based networks. Since the original IMT-2000 standards were agreed upon, updates have been made but no new standards have been approved. The IEEE submitted a formal proposal to the ITU-R to make a subset of the 802.16 (WiMAX) standard a member of the IMT-2000 family, as defined by ITU-R recommendations. The process of considering the submission began in Cameroon in January. A special meeting of ITU-R Working Party 8F was held in Seoul Korea Aug 29-31st in an attempt to complete consensus on the inclusion of WiMAX into the IMT-2000 set of standards. As a result, three draft recommendations have been forwarded to the Study Group 8 (parent group) chair for consideration at the upcoming Radiocommunications Assembly October 15-22 in Geneva. The WiMAX Forum provided substantial supporting material in order to make WiMAX a member of the IMT-2000 family. The WiMAX Forum was instrumental in the development of the supporting material necessary to include WiMAX in the IMT-2000 family.

Q What is the difference between IEEE 802.16 and WiMAX technology?

One of the main objectives of the WiMAX Forum is to certify products based upon the IEEE 802.16 and ETSI HiperMAN harmonized standard. WiMAX Forum defines a System Profiles based upon what the WiMAX Forum determines in terms of service provider and vendor equipment demand. Compliance with the 802.16 standard does not mean equipment is WiMAX Forum Certified or that it is interoperable with other vendors equipment. However, if a piece of equipment has earned the WiMAX Forum Certified designation, it is both compliant with the 802.16 standard and interoperable with other vendors equipment that is also WiMAX Forum Certified.

Q What is the 802.16m standard?

802.16m is the next generation standard beyond 802.16e-2005 and will become adopted by the WiMAX Forum once the standard is completed in the 2009 time frame. 802.16m is considered to be a leading candidate as a 4G technology.


Q What is OPA (Open Patent Alliance)?

Samsung is one of the 6 companies who formed Open Patent Alliance. The purpose of OPA is making a WiMAX patent pool to help participating companies obtain licenses from patent owners at a predictable cost. This will bring the openness of the Internet and computing industries to the wireless industry and WiMAX, stimulating a larger WiMAX industry. The OPA will issue a call for WiMAX essential patents for inclusion in its patent pool. An independent third-party reviewer will serve as the "patent referee" and will evaluate submitted patents to determine how essential they are to the WiMAX standard and WiMAX Forum profiles. It is just first step for making patent pool, but very strong. This is not just association but a invested company. This shows the will of Mobile WiMAX industry to make the pool. - OPA is an alliance formed to advance development of 4G WiMAX. - It is for advance a competitive, open intellectual property rights model - It enables a large, more competitive WiMAX industry that supports innovation Investors Alcatel-Lucent, Cisco, Clearwire, Intel Corp., Samsung Electronics and Sprint Purpose The alliance will advance a competitive and open intellectual property rights model, stimulating a larger WiMAX industry that supports innovation through broader choice, and lower equipment and service costs for WiMAX technology, devices and applications globally. Activities OPA will form a WiMAX patent pool to help participating companies obtain access to patent licenses from patent owners at a predictable cost. The patent pool will aggregate essential patent rights needed to implement the WiMAX standard as defined by the WiMAX Forum and the IEEE 802.16e standard. To help ensure product differentiation and interoperability at a more predictable cost, this approach will focus on providing a more competitive royalty structure by charging only for the features required to develop WiMAX products. The patent pool will incorporate a variety of royalty licensing solutions, including accounting for cross-licensing among individual members within the pool. In addition to the formation of a WiMAX patent pool, the OPA will educate the WiMAX ecosystem about, and serve as a central resource for WiMAX intellectual property rights topics.


The OPA will issue a call for WiMAX essential patents for inclusion in its patent pool. An independent third-party reviewer will serve as the "patent referee" and will evaluate submitted patents to determine how essential they are to the WiMAX standard and WiMAX Forum profiles. While the OPA initially will focus its efforts on the WiMAX standard, it may work with other industry groups in the future. Made up of six founding companies at its inception, the OPA expects to secure participation of an additional six to nine investor companies to encompass the WiMAX value-chain and broad geographic representation. Each investor company will have a seat on the OPA board of directors. The OPA will have dedicated staff that is directed by and accountable to the OPA board, and the alliance will serve as the licensing agent for the WiMAX patent pool, representing the licensors who agree to participate in the pool. For more information, Refer to (Webcast video clip)