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ME3251 MATERIALS FOR ENGINEERS (Semester II : AY2011/2012) Time Allowed : 2 Hours



This examination paper contains THREE (3) questions and comprises TWO (2) printed pages.


Answer ALL THREE (3) questions.


Questions DO NOT carry equal marks.




Programmable calculators are NOT allowed for this examination.



QUESTION 1 Provided below are selected code designations for different groups and types of steels: (a) (b) (c) (d) AISI 1020; 1045; 1080; AISI 4345; 5345; 8645; A2; D2; M2; AISI 403; 420; 316; 347.

Select one steel from each of the four groups (a) (d) and discuss the engineering significance of each steel (i.e. what the code represents, the microstructure, possible heat treatments involved, resultant mechanical properties and major applications of said steel). (40 marks) QUESTION 2 It has been announced that non-critical hairline cracks have been detected in the wind-section of an aircraft type that your company has been operating. As the lead engineer, you have been asked to provide your professional (technical) view of the topic to your management. (a) Discuss how you would convince your management that not all cracked structures must be grounded and, as per advice by the aircraft manufacturer, continued operation of the fleet of affected aircraft should be safe. Describe a pertinent experiment that you would carry out in your own laboratory to demonstrate yourself and your company that the said cracks will not affect the safe operation of the aircraft (assume you have the needed facilities to perform the experiment). Describe possible technical actions you would advise your company to implement to ensure the safe operation of the aircraft, assuming that you would not hear from the aircraft manufacturer on the topic for months or years from now. (30 marks)



QUESTION 3 (a) You are to design the hull of a 2 m-long unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) for operating down to 500 m water depth (corresponding to a hydrostatic pressure of 5 MPa). Discuss the various design considerations and how they would influence your material selection process. What would be your final material(s) of choice? Justify your answer(s) where appropriate. What would your answer be if the vehicle is several times larger and meant to carry a scientist and to operate down to 5,000 m water depth? (Please answer in the same order as in (a)). What would your answer be if the vehicle is a small low-flying unmanned air vehicle (UAV) designed to carry <20 kg (i.e., insignificant) load instead? (Please answer in the same order as in (a)). [Hint: An underwater vehicle is a pressure vessel. In addition to safety aspects, weight and marine corrosion would also be of concern.] (30 marks) - END OF PAPER -