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MINING ACTIVITY AND ENVIRONMENT

1.- INTRODUCTION The mining activity, as the most part of the activities done by man for their livelihood, make changes in the natural environment, from the most subtle until the changes that at the same time representing clear impacts on the environment in which they develop. To my mind The Man is altering the environment since has been able to do it, but certainly the abuses in the field have a more awareness of the necessity to regulate these impacts. Another point to note is that the mining is infinitely less pollutant than other industrial activities, as development of civil works (visual impact, modification of the original media) and agriculture (massive use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers). 2.- THEORICAL FRAMEWORK The environmental impact of the mining activity is the difference between the situation of the environment before carrying out the activity, and during or after of the activity. Besides The assessment of This impact is the quantification of these differences, through the realization of multidisciplinary studies provided that will seek identify, predict and prevent the consequences or environmental effects of the mining. on the other hand, we must have to account that the mining activity dont only produces an environmental impact, That is to say, over the environment. Also produces a socioeconomic impact, That is to say, a change about the modes of life and the economy of the region in which is implanted, but That however can be positive in some cases and in others negative. The Impact That the mining produces from the point of environmental view can be classified in many different ways: according was a direct or indirect impact on the environment. according was in short or long term according if it is reversible or irreversible (human scale) according if it is local or external avoidable or inevitable

on the other hand, according to the aspects of the environment that change can be

Actions that modify the use of the land Actions that involve the emission of pollutants (solids, liquids, gases and other: noise, airblast) Actions that involve the overexploitation of resources (water) Actions that involve the modification of the landscape (almost all) Actions that affect infrastructure Actions that change the social environment, economic and cultural (economic impact).

Also, according the place in which produces we can consider the impact during the installation phase, during the operational phase, and the impact during the abandonment or cessation of operation. Always It is of great interest define, within the general scope of the operation, the different actions that produce impact from a to z (shocking actions: excavation, blasting, gaseous and liquid effluents, building of roads, etc..), so as set over that specific aspects of the environment it development every impact (impacted factors: vegetation, fauna, landscape). 3. - CONCLUSIONS 1. Mining remains the principal productive activity within the national economy, as well as being the item that attracts more foreign investment. 2. The Actions that produces the mining activity to the environment can be reduced 3. The magnitude of the environmental impact measures in the diference between the situation of the environment before carrying out the activity, and during or after of the activity. 4. - SUGESTIONS 1. Avoid the sooner the better possible errors and environmental degradation caused during the extraction process whose future correction maybe would has an alto cost 2. Provide integrated information about the impacts of our activities on the environment. 3. Integrating the various public organisms and private that have some grade of responsibility for decisions that affect the environment.