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CE Congestion Analysis

RAJASTHAN CIRCLE

Prepared By:
Yash Sinha ,
UMTS TEAM Rajasthan Circle
Date : 29/09/2012

Major Issue observed :


The increasing UL Traffic for the R99 and HSPA Services has impacted the NQI , since the UL CE cong.
was pegged and contributed towards the low access rate. Details of Jaipur and Ajmer RNC is as below.

The below BAR chart indicates the Success Rate for RRC, HSDPA, HSUPA and R99:
100

99.80247311

99.5
99

98.55745252

98.49047026

98.5
98

97.5929836

97.5
97
96.5
96

Ajmer RNC , 30.8.2012 DBH Hour


1

RRC Success Rate

100

HSDPA Success Rate

HSUPA Success Rate

PS R99 Success Rate

99.54172105

99
98

97.45444232
96.99882477

97
96.22048558
96
95
94

Jaipur RNC , 30.8.2012 DBH Hour


1

RRC Success Rate

HSDPA Success Rate

HSUPA Success Rate

PS R99 Success Rate

Now we dig up the major cause for the RAB Failure in PS Mode , and found that the RAB Failure
was mainly due to UL CE cong.
Details of RAB Failure in Ajmer RNC :

Details of RAB Failure in Jaipur RNC :

0
638

268

1602
0

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.TNL

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.ULCE.Cong

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.ULIUBBand.Cong

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.ULPower.Cong

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.UuNoReply

Below is the list of sites which were having PS RAB , RRC cong. The Card relocation and addition
was done for the sites indicated in green color which reduced the overall CE Cong. in Jaipur RNC.

KPI Snap shot for the sites under CE cong. :

Major Breakthrough achieved for the congestion removal :


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

CE Hardware addition.
LDR Parameter change.
User BIT Rate reduction.
Parameter optimization for Power and Code Cong. removal.
Physical Optimization activity performed on the cells.

The details of each breakthrough and impact observed after the changes is covered as
below :

1.1.1 CE HARDWARE ADDITION:


CE hardware addition performed on top 10 priority sites of which 5 cards were taken from switched off
sites (Near to school) , 4 card from spares and 1 from non operational site(SMS Hospital). The sample of
PRE and POST KPI observed after the CE Card addition is as below.

KPI OF Kumbhamarg before CE card addition:

Post KPI of Kumbhamarg Site after the CE card addition: the below graph indicates that
the major improvement has been observed after the CE Card addition on the sites having high
CE Cong. ratio on RRC and RAB. It is due to the High CE requirement for HSUPA and R99
Services.

1.1.2 LDR Parameter Changes :


LDR Parameter changes performed in the Jaipur and Ajmer RNC dated 26th Sept 2012 , after which the
Ajmer RNC success rate increased by approx 10 % and Jaipur RNC increased by 1.2 %
HSDPA , HSUPA , R99 Access Success Rate since 27th Aug 2012.

HSDPA + HSUPA + R99 Access Success Rate


100.00
95.00
90.00

89.44
87.3287.76
85.72
85.69
84.56 83.7184.1084.39
82.73
82.27
82.27
81.59
81.47 81.46
81.08
80.80
79.95
78.38
76.72

89.37
88.65

88.21

85.00
80.00
75.00

75.86

77.08

73.21
72.44 72.47
72.0571.39
71.03

70.00

66.05

65.00
60.00
24-Aug

29-Aug

3-Sep

8-Sep

RC-G-AJMR-RNC-01-HU

13-Sep

18-Sep

23-Sep

RC-G-JIPR-RNC-01-HU

PAYLOAD TREND FOR AJMER RNC FOR DBH HOUR


Payload in Mb
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0

HSUPA Payload(MB)

PS R99UL Payload(MB)

28-Sep

3-Oct

Site wise analysis where the LDR parameters were changed in the Ajmer RNC :

It can be clearly seen as per the above graph that the VS.RAB.FAILESTABPS.UL.CE.CONG. counter value
has been decreased significantly after the changes implemented on 26th Sept 2012 , these sites were
contributing the 80 to 90 % of CE cong at the RNC level.

1.1.3

User BIT Rate reduction:

2. Parameter impact details


The below graph indicates the Average no. of Radio bearers hourly in the UL direction for Background
and Interactive class before the Parameter changes.
2500
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.32

2000

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.64

1500

VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.32

1000

VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.64

500
09/12/2012 00:00
09/12/2012 01:00
09/12/2012 02:00
09/12/2012 03:00
09/12/2012 04:00
09/12/2012 05:00
09/12/2012 06:00
09/12/2012 07:00
09/12/2012 08:00
09/12/2012 09:00
09/12/2012 10:00
09/12/2012 11:00
09/12/2012 12:00
09/12/2012 13:00
09/12/2012 14:00
09/12/2012 15:00
09/12/2012 16:00
09/12/2012 17:00
09/12/2012 18:00
09/12/2012 19:00
09/12/2012 20:00
09/12/2012 21:00
09/12/2012 22:00
09/12/2012 23:00

The below graph indicates the Average no. of Radio bearers hourly in the UL direction for Background
and Interactive class After the Parameter changes.
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.32
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.64
VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.32
VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.64

The changes at the RNC for the parameter UlBeTraffInitBitrate setted to D32 was done at 16:00 Hrs.

After the changes we can clearly see that the 64 RB has reduced on both Bkg , Interactive and 32 RB has
take the initial call attempts from 64 RB.
The Below graph indicates the Payload (MB) and R99 Throughput (bps) , It can be clearly seen from the
below graph that the PS 128 UL Payload increases as the Busy Hour approaches since the data download
and the CE bit rate reduction is functional.
5000

40

4500

35

4000

30

3500
3000

25

2500

20

2000

15

1500

PS128
R99UL
Payload(MB)

PS384
R99UL
Payload(MB)

10

1000

0
09/13/2012 01:00
09/13/2012 02:00
09/13/2012 03:00
09/13/2012 04:00
09/13/2012 05:00
09/13/2012 06:00
09/13/2012 07:00
09/13/2012 08:00
09/13/2012 09:00
09/13/2012 10:00
09/13/2012 11:00
09/13/2012 12:00
09/13/2012 13:00
09/13/2012 14:00
09/13/2012 15:00
09/13/2012 16:00
09/13/2012 17:00
09/13/2012 18:00
09/13/2012 19:00
09/13/2012 20:00
09/13/2012 21:00
09/13/2012 22:00
09/13/2012 23:00

500

PS64 R99UL
Payload(MB)

VS.PS.Throu
ghput.UL64.
bps

The below chart indicates the LDR BE Rate reduction and the UL R99 Payload.
300
250
200
150
100
50
0

10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0

VS.LC
C.LDR.
UL.BE
RateD
own
PS
R99UL
Paylo
ad(M
B)

Hourly details of PS RB : The below graph will indicate the PS RB Details at diff. hours on 13 th Sept
2012.
The below bar chart indicated the Average RB Users on the diff. SF.
1. Bar Chart Indicating the RB @ 13/09/2012, 16:00 Hrs
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.1
28
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.1
44
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.1
6
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.2
56
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.3
2
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.3
84
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.6
4
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.8

The above chart indicates the high UL 64 RB as Initialbit rate was UL64.

2. Bar Chart Indicating the RB @ 13/09/2012 , 19:00 Hrs


1200

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.128

1000
800

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.144

600

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.16

400

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.256

200
0

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.32
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.384
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.64
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.8

The above chart indicates the high UL 32 RB as Initialbit rate after implementation.

3. Bar Chart Indicating the RB @ 13/09/2012 , 23:00 Hrs


1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.128
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.144
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.16
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.256
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.32
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.384
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.64
VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.8

The above chart indicates the high UL 32 and UL 64 RB at DBH Hour, after implementation.

3. Congestion analysis on the RNC level:


The below chart indicate the impact of Parameter changes on the RNC Level.
1. RNC WISE RRC and RAB Cong. Analysis on 13th Sept 2012 :
4500
4000

VS.RRC.Rej.ULCE.Cong

3500
3000
2500
2000

VS.RAB.FailEstabCS.UL
CE.Cong

1500
1000
500

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.UL
CE.Cong

The PS RAB Cong. Due to UL CE was 4253 @ 22:00 Hrs and 2332 @ 23:00 Hrs (DBH)

If we compare the DBH hour data of 13th and previous days we find a reduction of around 3K .

09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/11/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012

00:00
02:00
04:00
06:00
08:00
10:00
12:00
14:00
16:00
18:00
20:00
22:00
00:00
02:00
04:00
06:00
08:00
10:00
12:00
14:00
16:00
18:00
20:00
22:00

2. RNC WISE RRC and RAB Cong. Analysis on 12th and 11th Sept 2012 :

14000

12000

10000
VS.RRC.Rej.ULCE.Con
g

8000

6000
VS.RAB.FailEstabCS.U
LCE.Cong

4000

2000
VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.U
LCE.Cong

3. Radio Bearer analysis on the Site level:


The below details will focus on the PS UL CE cong. analysis on the site level.

1. RB wise details @ 13th Sept 2012 of site SITAPURA having high Cong. in UL.

30
25
20
15

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.32

10

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.64

VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.32

VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.64

2. RB wise details @ 13th Sept 2012 of site GHATGATE(WIN5) having high Cong. in UL.
30
25
20
15

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.32

10

VS.RB.PS.Bkg.UL.64

VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.32

VS.RB.PS.Int.UL.64

09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012

00:00
01:00
02:00
03:00
04:00
05:00
06:00
07:00
08:00
09:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00

4. UL CE Cong. analysis on the Site Ghatgate(win5):

1. UL CE Cong. @ 12th Sept 2012 of site GHATGATE(WIN5) having high Cong. in UL.

300

250
VS.RRC.Rej.UL
CE.Cong

200

150

100
VS.RAB.FailEst
abCS.ULCE.Co
ng

50

0
VS.RAB.FailEst
abPS.ULCE.Co
ng

PS R99UL
Payload(MB)

2. UL CE Cong. @ 13th Sept 2012 of site GHATGATE(WIN5) having high Cong. in UL.

200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

300

VS.RRC.Rej
.ULCE.Con
g
VS.RAB.Fai
lEstabCS.U
LCE.Cong
VS.RAB.Fai
lEstabPS.U
LCE.Cong
PS R99UL
Payload(M
B)

250
200
150
100
50
0

3. UL CE Cong. @ 12th Sept 2012 of site GHATGATE(WIN5) having high Cong. in UL.

14
12
10

J Congestion
Analysis -RRC
Congestion Ratio

8
6
4
0

09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012

J Congestion
Analysis - PS RAB
Congestion Ratio

4. UL CE Cong. @ 13th Sept 2012 of site GHATGATE(WIN5) having high Cong. in UL.

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

J
Congestio
n Analysis
-RRC
Congestio
n Ratio
J
Congestio
n Analysis
- PS RAB
Congestio
n Ratio

5. UL CE Cong. analysis on the Site SITAPURA :


1. UL CE Cong. @ 12th Sept 2012 of site SITAPURA having high Cong. in UL.
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

120

VS.RRC.Rej.ULCE.Cong

100

VS.RAB.FailEstabCS.ULCE.Cong

80
60

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.ULCE.Cong
PS R99UL Payload(MB)

40
20
0

2. UL CE Cong. @ 13th Sept 2012 of site SITAPURA having high Cong. in UL.

09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/13/2012
09/14/2012
09/14/2012
09/14/2012
09/14/2012
09/14/2012
09/14/2012

00:00
02:00
04:00
06:00
08:00
10:00
12:00
14:00
16:00
18:00
20:00
22:00
00:00
02:00
04:00
06:00
08:00
10:00

3500
140

3000
120

2500
100

2000
80

1500
60

1000
40

500
20

VS.RRC.Rej.ULCE.Cong

VS.RAB.FailEstabCS.ULCE.Cong

VS.RAB.FailEstabPS.ULCE.Cong

PS R99UL Payload(MB)

3. UL CE Cong. @ 12th Sept 2012 of site SITAPURA having high Cong. in UL.

80
70
J Congestion
Analysis -RRC
Congestion
Ratio

60
50
40
30
20
10

09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012
09/12/2012

00:00
01:00
02:00
03:00
04:00
05:00
06:00
07:00
08:00
09:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00

0
J Congestion
Analysis - PS
RAB Congestion
Ratio

4. UL CE Cong. @ 13th Sept 2012 of site SITAPURA having high Cong. in UL.

60
50
40
30
20
10
0

J
Congestion
Analysis RRC
Congestion
Ratio
J
Congestion
Analysis PS RAB
Congestion
Ratio

6. DT ANALYSIS on the site after parameter changes :

Details Of R99 Upload during the DT , 200 MB File was being UP Loaded on the Sendspace Server.

1.1.4

Parameter optimization for Power and Code Cong. removal :

After the addition of CE card it has been observed that the Power and code cong. tends to rise sharply
on the sites, so to counter that we alter the below parameters.

Thank You