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Sable

Field

Sable Field The field Sable oil is located 150 kilometres southwest of Mossel Bay, off the
Sable Field The field Sable oil is located 150 kilometres southwest of Mossel Bay, off the

The

field

Sable

oil

is

located

150 kilometres

southwest of

Mossel Bay, off

the

Western

Cape

of

South Africa

The field Sable oil is located 150 kilometres southwest of Mossel Bay, off the Western Cape
The field Sable oil is located 150 kilometres southwest of Mossel Bay, off the Western Cape
The field Sable oil is located 150 kilometres southwest of Mossel Bay, off the Western Cape

Bluewater and the Sable Field Development

Bluewater was awarded a contract to provide and operate the floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel, Glas Dowr, along with shuttle tanker and subsea equipment for the Sable field. The initial term of the lease and operating contract is ten years with a minimum term of three years.

Before installation at the Sable field, the vessel’s production and processing facilities had to be modified to fit the requirements of the field. Design capacities were upgraded to handle the specific field processing require- ments, 85 MMscfd gas re-injection, and 45,000 bwpd water injection.

The Glas Dowr is the fifth Bluewater designed, built, owned and operated FPSO and commenced operation in August 1997 at the Durward & Dauntless Fields for Amerada Hess. However, the Durward & Dauntless fields did not perform as expected and the Glas Dowr was demobilised from its North Sea location in 1999.

The availability of the Glas Dowr was a key factor in attaining oil from the Sable Field on a fast track schedule using a well-proven production approach. In preparation for produc- tion, Bluewater was able to immedi- ately begin the following phased development plan designed to initiate production from the Sable field:

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Sable Field

Phase 1 Supply & Conversion

The Glas Dowr was initially dry- docked in Rotterdam for modifica- tions to the hull and installation of a thruster. After modifications were suc- cessfully completed, the Glas Dowr was towed to Cape Town for further upgrades.

The topsides were then upgraded with increased gas injection capacity, additional power generation and oil processing equipment. Installation of the new equipment was completed in Cape Town.

Phase 2 Installation

Subsea infrastructure was supplied, installed and prepared for production. Installation and hook-up of the Glas Dowr was then carried out prior to final commissioning and testing of all the facilities needed to begin produc- tion operations.

Phase 3 Operations

Bluewater now maintains full respon- sibility for the safe and efficient oper- ation of all FPSO and shuttle tanker equipment for the duration of the Sable Field contract.

The FPSO

Length 242.3 m Breadth moulded 42 m Depth moulded 21.1 m Dead weight tonnage 105,000 dwt Deck area 7,985 m 2 Accommodation 96 persons

Performance data

Storage capacities Exportable crude 104,500 m 3 (657,000 bbls) Slop tanks 6,650 m 3 (41,800 bbls) Diesel oil 2,650 m 3 (16,700 bbls)

Processing capacities

Fluid Capacity 70,000 bpd Crude 60,000 bopd Produced water (max) 65,000 bwpd Oil content water discharged < 40 ppm Offloading (max) 33,000 bbls/hr Offloading Parcel size 500,000 bbls

Water injection

Capacity (max) 85,000 bwpd Design pressure 4,000 psia Oxygen content (max) 10 ppb

Gas lift/injection

Design pressure 4,150 psia Operating temperature varying between 30˚C and 39˚C, depending on ambient temperature Capacities (lift/ inj.) 7.5 MMscfd / 85 MMscfd

Power

Main generators 4x gas turbine, 1x diesel Capacity 4x 4.7 MW + 1x 6.3 MW Emergency generator 1x 0.5 MW diesel

The Sable Field Development

The Sable Field Development

The Sable Field Development

The Sable oil field is located 150 kilometres southwest of Mossel Bay, off the Western Cape of South Africa, and commenced production in August 2003. PetroSA, the South African state-owned exploration and production company is Field Operator with a 60% working interest. Pioneer Natural Resources holds the remaining 40% interest. Lying in approximate- ly 100 m of water, the development is estimated to have recoverable reserves in the region of 20 million to 25 million barrels of oil, producing initially at a peak rate of 30,000 to 40,000 barrels of oil per day. Sable has been developed with six subsea wells tied back to the Bluewater-owned and operated floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) ves- sel, Glas Dowr. Oil will be taken onshore by a shuttle tanker.

Location and reserves

The Sable development lies in the Bredasdorp Basin in Block 9, off the coast of South Africa. It consists of two reservoirs: the E-BD oil reservoir and the E-CE oil and gas reservoir. The E-

BD oil field was discovered in 1990, followed by the E-CE oil and gas field in 1991. The E-BD field partially over- lies E-CE, and the extent of the two reservoirs measures approximately 10 x 2 km.

With recoverable reserves estimated at between 20 million and 25 million barrels, the field is expected to have an economic life of three to five years. Oil production commenced in August 2003. During the production

have an economic life of three to five years. Oil production commenced in August 2003. During
have an economic life of three to five years. Oil production commenced in August 2003. During
have an economic life of three to five years. Oil production commenced in August 2003. During

Sable Field

3

phase, gas will be re-injected at around 80 MMscfd (million standard cubic feet per day). At the end-of-field life, an estimated 120 Bcf (billion cubic feet) of gas is expected to remain in the E-CE gas cap. This will be available for export to PetroSA’s gas-to-liquids plant in Mossel Bay.

The Sable partnership

In June 2001, the South African, state- owned exploration and production company, PetroSA (Petroleum Oil & Gas Corporation of South Africa (Pty.) Ltd) was given approval to develop the offshore Sable oil field. PetroSA is the Operator of the Sable field with a 60% working interest. PetroSA’s field partner, Pioneer Natural Resources (a Dallas-based company), holds the remaining 40% interest.

In addition to development activities, Pioneer is also appraising possible prospects near the Sable field over Blocks 7 and 9, and is evaluating its Block 14A/M gas discoveries.

Field development

Sable has been developed with four production wells, a water injection well and a gas injection well. PetroSA awarded a turnkey contract to Bluewater (U.K.) Ltd. in June 2001 for the engineering, procurement, instal- lation and subsequent operation of

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Sable Field

the field’s entire facilities, with the exception of the six development wells. This contract was awarded as a result of an extensive development appraisal, conceptual engineering and tendering phase that lasted approximately two years.

Bluewater, in turn, subcontracted the complete subsea facilities and off- shore installation scope of work to Technip France in August 2001. The contract called for Technip France to design, supply and install the subsea facilities at Sable, including all pro- duction risers and umbilicals, in-field flowlines and associated equipment.

Pride Foramer, using the drilling rigs Omega and Pride Southern Seas dur- ing the period from November 2001 through December 2002, drilled the six development wells under PetroSA’s supervision.

Engineering and hardware manufac- ture were carried out at a variety of locations worldwide - though pre- dominantly in Europe - between June 2001 and September 2002.

Installation

In addition to designing and supply- ing the flowlines, umbilicals and ris- ers, Technip France was responsible for all related offshore installation activities. This included the tow of

Glas Dowr (first from the UK via dry docking in Rotterdam to Cape Town, and then to the Sable field), installa- tion of moorings, and installation, hookup and testing of flowlines, umbilicals and risers to the Xmas trees and FPSO.

Installation work in the field was per- formed in two phases. The first phase took place between October and December 2002, using the CSO Constructor and CSO Deep Pioneer. The second phase took place in April, May and June 2003, using the CSO Venturer and four tugs for positioning the Glas Dowr.

Operation

Bluewater will operate the field facili- ties from its operational base in Cape Town. PetroSA will provide logistics for this phase, most notably supply vessels and helicopters, from its exist- ing supply base at Mossel Bay.

Operation of the field will be strictly in accordance with the Environmental Management Plan agreed with the South African authorities. Health and safety matters will be conducted fol- lowing PetroSA and Bluewater’s strin- gent safety management systems, both of which meet the applicable, recognised South African and International safety standards.

Sable’s FPSO Vessel FPSO operation

Sable’s FPSO Vessel

FPSO operation

The Sable oil field will be exploited using the Bluewater- owned-and-operated turret-moored floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel, Glas Dowr. In addition to full oil, gas and water processing facilities, the FPSO has 657,000 barrels of oil storage. Gas produced as a result of the oil production will be re-injected into the E-CE reservoir to maintain pressure, and to enhance oil recovery, thereby minimising any gas flaring associated with the development.

Facts & Figures

Length 242.3 m Breadth moulded 42 m Depth moulded 21.1 m Dead weight tonnage 105,000 dwt Deck area 7,985 m 2 Accommodation 96 persons

Performance

Storage capacities Exportable crude 104,500 m 3 (657,000 bbls) Slop tanks 6,650 m 3 (41,800 bbls) Diesel oil 2,650 m 3 (16,700 bbls) Processing capacities Fluid Capacity 70,000 bpd Crude 60,000 bopd Produced water (max) 65,000 bwpd

Oil content water discharged < 40 ppm Offloading (max) 33,000 bbls/hr Offloading parcel size 500,000 bbls

Water injection Capacity (max) 85,000 bwpd Design pressure 4,000 psia Oxygen content (max) 10 ppb

Gas lift/injection Design pressure 4,150 psia Operating temperature varies between 30˚C and 39˚C, depending on ambient temperature Capacities (lift/ inj.) 7.5 MMscfd / 85 MMscfd

The Glas Dowr is held on location by

a nine-leg mooring system. This is

comprised of nine chain-wire mooring legs and anchor piles, consisting of

three clusters spaced 120º apart (each cluster consisting of three mooring lines 2º apart). Each individual moor- ing consists of a 72-in. anchor pile driven between 40 m and 45 m into the seabed, and approximately 1600 m

of anchor chain and wire. The moor-

ings are designed to ensure that the FPSO can remain safely moored in the severe marine environment associated with the exposed southern tip of South Africa, even during an extreme 100- year storm. The FPSO will offload at regular inter- vals to the 500,000-barrel shuttle tanker, the Nordic Laurita, which will transport the produced crude oil to shore.

In June 2001, Bluewater was awarded the contract to provide and operate production facilities for the Sable field. This involves supplying and operating the FPSO vessel, Glas Dowr, along with the shuttle tanker and subsea equipment. The initial term of the lease and operating contract is 10 years, with a minimum term of three years.

contract is 10 years, with a minimum term of three years. As well as having designed

As well as having designed and built the Glas Dowr, Bluewater also owns and operates the FPSO. It began its first operations in August 1997 on the Durward & Dauntless fields in the North Sea, but was demobilised in 1999.

Before deployment on the Sable field, the Glas Dowr’s production and pro- cessing facilities had to be significant- ly upgraded from their previous assignment to meet Sable’s produc- tion, injection, storage and offloading requirements.

The vessel was initially drydocked in Rotterdam for hull modifications and installation of a thruster, and was then towed to Cape Town for topside upgrading.

Sable Field

5

Upgrading

the

Glas

Dowr

Bluewater awarded the contract for the upgrade work on the Glas Dowr to SA Five Engineering, a company that began operations in South Africa in 1991. The Glas Dowr was first moved from its UK location, arriving via Rotterdam in Cape Town harbour at the end of June 2002. The upgrade was carried out at SA Five Engineering’s

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Sable Field

facilities, located at A-Berth in Cape Town harbour, where more than 50,000 m 2 of lay-down area, fabrica- tion shops, storage sheds and offices are available. Various structures for the Glas Dowr were also prefabricated at SA Five’s workshop facilities.

Upgrade work involved the fabrication design, bulk procurement, fabrication, installation, testing and

commissioning of a gas compression module, (low, medium and high-pres- sure), process separation module, gas turbine generator, water cooling system, flare structure and stabiliser platform, including erection and alignment of the stabiliser vessel. Various other modifica- tions to existing topside facilities on the FPSO were also performed. Design capacities were upgraded to handle the Sable requirements of 40,000-bopd pro-

cessing, 85-MMscfd re-injection, and 45,000-bwpd injection.

SA Five was responsible for the fabrication engineering, draughting, procurement, fabrication, erection, full painting system (including insulation), bolt tensioning, chemical cleaning and pre-commissioning of pipework (including nitrogen-helium leak testing and hydro testing). The range of

pipework was from 1-in. to 24-in., Schedule 10 to XXS, with a rating range of 150 to 5,000 lb. The Electrical and Instrumentation scope included procurement and installation of 88,000 m of cabling, light fittings, tub- ing, switches, control and junction boxes. Also included were the installa- tion of HV and LV switchboards and control panels, and associated cable tray and cable racks.

The vessel’s existing ventilation plant was designed for North Sea utilisation and not for tropical application.

Air Options, an SA Five-affiliated com- pany, designed and engineered the conversion of the USB and accomoda- tion utilities services ventilation plant into a full HVAC system. In these HVAC plants, Air Options utilised the air handling units that it designed and

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7

manufactured in its factory, and matched them to a direct-expansion, sea water-cooled refrigeration plant. This plant was designed and manufac- tured at its Blackheath factory.

While the vessel was in port, Air Options was asked to overhaul and check the performance and design of the existing HVAC plant serving the main accommodation section.

existing HVAC plant serving the main accommodation section. SA Five Engineering, under a separate contract awarded
existing HVAC plant serving the main accommodation section. SA Five Engineering, under a separate contract awarded

SA Five Engineering, under a separate contract awarded by Bluewater, was also responsible for recruitment, training and management of more than 60 crew members for opera- tions, maintenance, production and marine activities.

SA Five’s facilities at Cape Town harbour’s A-Berth is ideally located as a logistical support base for offshore activities off South Africa’s west and southwest coast.

activities off South Africa’s west and southwest coast. Glas Dowr FPSO on site - August 2003.

Glas Dowr FPSO on site - August 2003.

and southwest coast. Glas Dowr FPSO on site - August 2003. 8 Sable Field Subsea Components

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Sable Field

Subsea Components Flowlines, umbilicals and risers To produce the oil and gas reservoirs, the Glas
Subsea Components
Flowlines, umbilicals
and risers
To produce the oil and gas reservoirs,
the Glas Dowr is linked to six subsea
wells by flexible flowlines and risers,
and hydraulic umbilicals for Xmas tree
control. The flowlines range in size
from 5.75-in. to 9-in. internal diameter,
while the umbilical outside diameters
fall in the range 135 mm to 235 mm.
The flexible flowlines and risers link-
ing the six wells to the FPSO’s turret
were manufactured in Le Trait, France.
The umbilicals, used to control the
subsea Xmas trees and to flow chemi-
cals and lift gas to the production
wells, were made in Newcastle,
England.

World’s first 9-5/8-in. Premier Removable Packer.

Completion procurement and services

Baker Oil Tools was awarded the com- pletion procurement and services con- tract for the Sable field project. The primary objectives during completion design were to ensure trouble-free installation and reliable performance, and so prevent any costly delays.

Following award of the contract, the original proposals prepared by Baker’s regional office in London were finalised, with the support of Houston headquarters and the close co- operation of PetroSA’s completion and drilling department in Cape Town. Final designs were approved in June 2001.

The Premier ® Removable Packer (designed for large-bore and high-vol- ume production or injection wells) was selected as the primary produc- tion/injection packer. To complete the system, gas lift mandrels have been installed for artificial lift and gas kick- off, while permanent gauges enable real-time well monitoring at all times. Standard and well-proven, non-elas- tomeric T-Series™ Tubing Retrievable Subsurface Safety Valves were used as downhole safety devices. Due to the different tubing sizes needed in the various wells, different valve sizes were installed. Conventional slick- line-deployed blanking plugs and check valves were used to perform the necessary tubing pressure tests, and

activate hydraulically set production packers.

It was originally assumed that an isola-

tion device was needed in the E-CE5 gas injector well to isolate the bottom part of the wellbore for startup, allowing injection in the upper half of the well-

bore, only. It was envisaged that this iso- lation device would later be opened remotely, to enable injection across the entire wellbore. Baker Oil Tools offered

a unique solution, based on an annulus-

pressure-operated HCM™ Hydraulic Sliding Sleeve. However, the shales that were expected to separate the two parts of the wellbore were not encountered during drilling, and the isolation device was subsequently not installed.

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9

Baker Oil Tools ensured that all com- pletion equipment was designed, manufactured, tested and shipped within specified timeframes and performed as designed.

Subsea landing string

The contract for the subsea landing strings was awarded to the Expro Group, whose monobore, subsea inter- vention and completion landing string (with integrated, surface hydraulic con- trol system) has an excellent track record for reliable and successful com- pletion operations. Such reliability is vital for a development such as Sable,

as the subsea landing string is the pri- mary safety system for controlling well pressure during completion and inter- vention operations on horizontal sub- sea trees.

The innovative, ball valve technology used by Expro provides dual barrier isolation, capable of cutting up to 2 3/8-in. heavy-wall coiled tubing while still offering a gas-tight seal. Expro has designed the subsea landing string to include an integrated hydraulic circuit, so that well pressure can be isolated, and the subsea wellhead and comple- tion equipment can also be controlled. It also enables the landing string to be

disconnected in less than one minute,

if operational conditions require this.

The entire completion string was managed by the integrated hydraulic

control systems, including the subsea intervention tree, retainer valve, lubri- cator valve, and surface flowhead. Third-party hydraulic functions for the tubing hanger running tool, and com- pletion equipment below the tubing hanger, were also controlled through

a single umbilical.

The modular landing string was designed to API standards for subsur- face safety systems. It enabled accu-

standards for subsur- face safety systems. It enabled accu- 10 Sable Field rate space-out configuration in

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Sable Field

rate space-out configuration in accor- dance with the Sable project’s specif- ic configuration. The landing string was also compatible with both drilling vessels used during the drilling and completion operations. To ensure a successful conclusion to the contract, Expro’s team of experienced subsea engineers managed an exten- sive integration and test programme.

Subsea trees

In June 2001, FMC Kongsberg Subsea,

a business unit of FMC Technologies

(FTI), was awarded the contract for six subsea trees with integral over- trawlable protection. The 5-inch hori- zontal subsea trees (5,000 psi) were installed in the one existing and five new drill wells.

Because of the project’s fast-track nature, the first subsea tree had to be delivered to Mossel Bay before the end of 2001. To ensure that this deliv- ery date was met, equipment was

selected from pre-engineered solu- tions. The subsea tree design chosen was based upon a modular design that had previously been installed off- shore South Africa. The subsea tree equipment was designed, manufac- tured and tested in FMC Kongsberg Subsea’s facility in Dunfermline, Scotland. As there were sufficient in house stocks, it was possible to begin manufacture immediately after award of the contract.

All the equipment supplied by FMC Kongsberg Subsea was modelled using a state-of-the-art, 3-dimensional CAD system. This allowed full inter- face verification prior to manufacture, and helped to reduce the manufactur- ing cycle time.

PetroSA-owned installation tooling that had previously been supplied by FMC Kongsberg Subsea under- went refurbishment in PetroSA’s operations base at Mossel Bay. As it arrived in South Africa, the sub-

sea tree equipment was also sub- jected to thorough site testing. In addition, minor modifications were performed at Mossel Bay to the tooling package’s workover controls. These alterations meant that the tooling package could then be used with the Sable subsea tree, which had a slightly different valve configuration.

An operations manager, responsi- ble for onshore logistics and instal- lation services, was appointed before the equipment was received. The operations manager remained at Mossel Bay until all the equipment had been success- fully installed, and the installation tooling was refurbished and pre- pared for long-term storage.

A Service Contract was executed through FMC Technologies’ South African legal entity.

Service Contract was executed through FMC Technologies’ South African legal entity. Horizontal Xmas Tree. Sable Field

Horizontal Xmas Tree.

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11

Well Drilling and Completion Operations The Sable field has been developed using six subsea wells:

Well Drilling and Completion Operations

The Sable field has been developed using six subsea wells: four into the E-BD reservoir and two into the E-CE reservoir. The four E-BD wells include three production wells and a water injection well for reservoir pressure support, while at E-CE, there are a production well and a gas injection well. The E-CE injection well is used for reservoir pressure support and to min- imise gas flaring.

Drilling through the complex litholo- gies associated with the offshore for- mations in South Africa presents a number of distinct challenges. When planning drilling activities at Sable field, PetroSA used detailed analyses of drilling performance, mud logging data and wireline data from offset wells that had been previously con- ducted for wells in the area to help identify potential problems. This enabled PetroSA to set objectives for individual hole sections using the highest penetration rates possible, while maintaining borehole quality and directional goals.

The thin nature of the oil layers in the E-BD and E-CE reservoirs meant that all wells were drilled with extensive horizontal sections, with the excep- tion of E-BD3. This was an existing vertical well, and it was recompleted as a production well for the develop- ment.

Pride Foramer was the contractor for drilling operations that took place in

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Sable Field

for drilling operations that took place in 1 2 Sable Field the Sable field. Pride provided

the Sable field. Pride provided the drilling rigs and services used to drill five wells and to re-enter the sixth E- BD3 well.

Pride International is one of the world’s largest drillling contractors, and its 328-rig fleet includes 12 semi- submersibles that act as floating off- shore drilling rigs. One of these, the Pride South Seas rig, was used to drill the E-CE4 well. A second rig, Omega, drilled wells E-CE5, E-BD6, E-BD7 and E-BD8, and it re-entered well E-BD3. Drilling took place at a water depth of approximately 100 m

Drilling took place at a water depth of approximately 100 m between December 2002. November 2001

between

December 2002.

November

2001

and

Active throughout the world at depths up to 7,000 m or more, Pride’s fleet also includes 250 land-based drilling and workover rigs, 21 offshore plat- form rigs, three barge rigs, 35 jack- ups, five tender-assisted rigs, and two ultra-deepwater drill ships.

Well completion services

Schlumberger Oilfield Services South Africa was awarded four contracts in

the third quarter of 2001, and an additional one in the second quarter of 2002 for the Sable Field Development. The services provided to PetroSA encompassed:

• Pressure Testing and Cementing (Well Services)

• Wireline (REW)

• Permanent Gauges (WCP)

• Surface Testing and TCP Perforating (WCP)

• Drill Bits (D&M - Reed Hycalog)

Schlumberger Well Completion Services (WCP) provides key tech- nologies, such as Well Watcher™ for permanent monitoring and the PhaseTester™ , which allows quicker, and more efficient multiphase testing.

The advanced flowmeter technology, a Venturi with a dual-energy, gamma ray holdup meter, requires no phase sepa- ration and is insensitive to slugs, foam and emulsions. The PhaseTester™ has a small footprint as it is replacing sep- arators, tanks, pumps and piping in one piece of equipment. Well Services utilised new technology in the form of the environmentally friendly GAS- BLOK™ to isolate gas formations and the DeepSEA EXPRES™ Cement Head as the plug launcher for casing cemen- tations.

Schlumberger Oilfield Services is the leading provider of products, services and technical solutions to the oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) industry, with Schlumberger Network

Solutions providing information tech- nology (IT) connectivity and security solutions to both the E&P industry and to a range of other markets. Schlumberger Oilfield Services has been present in South Africa since 1969 and has been a player in all major South African projects, from the first oil finds for PetroSA to the (Mossgas) FA Gas Field Development, exploration drilling by Forest Oil and Pioneer, as well as now the Sable Field Development by PetroSA.

Lifting of compressor onto Glas Dowr in Cape Town.

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Baker Hughes Cape Town c/o ISCO S.A. P.O. Box 164 Paarden Eiland 7420 South Africa

Baker Hughes Cape Town c/o ISCO S.A. P.O. Box 164 Paarden Eiland 7420 South Africa Tel.: +27 (0)21 511 8218 Fax: +27 (0)21 511 8879

Africa Tel.: +27 (0)21 511 8218 Fax: +27 (0)21 511 8879 Bluewater Energy Services B.V. Marsstraat

Bluewater Energy Services B.V. Marsstraat 33 Hoofddorp 2132 HR The Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)23 568 2828 Fax: +31 (0)23 554 2160 info@bluewater.com www.bluewater.com

Fax: +31 (0)23 554 2160 info@bluewater.com www.bluewater.com FMC Kongsberg Subsea FMC Technologies Ltd Pitreavie Business

FMC Kongsberg Subsea FMC Technologies Ltd Pitreavie Business Park Dunfermline, KY11 8UD Scotland, UK

United Kingdom Mr. Jim Tait, Sales Man., East. Hemisphere Tel.: +44 (0)1383 731531 Fax: +44 (0)1383 623909 james.tait@fks.fmcti.com

South Africa Operations Man. (SA) Mr. Gordon Sneddon gordon.sneddon@intl.fmcti.com

14 Sable Field

Sneddon gordon.sneddon@intl.fmcti.com 1 4 Sable Field The Petroleum Oil and Gas Corporation of South Africa (Pty)

The Petroleum Oil and Gas Corporation of South Africa (Pty) Ltd Foyer 2, Portswood Square Dock Road, V&A Waterfront Cape Town 8001 Republic of South Africa Capital Projects Manager Mr. Frank van Baarsel Tel.: +27 (0)21 417 3000 Fax: +27 (0)21 417 3144

van Baarsel Tel.: +27 (0)21 417 3000 Fax: +27 (0)21 417 3144 Pride Foramer c/o SOPELOG

Pride Foramer c/o SOPELOG 1 Koeberg Road Cape Town P.O. Box 100582 Ysterplaat, Republic of South Africa Tel.: +27 (0)21 511 2515 Fax: +27 (0)21 511 2517

Africa Tel.: +27 (0)21 511 2515 Fax: +27 (0)21 511 2517 SA Five Engineering (Pty) Ltd.

SA Five Engineering (Pty) Ltd. SA Five House P.O. Box 230 Blackheath 7581 Cape Town, South Africa Managing Director Mr. Jean-Yves Reynaud Tel.: +27 (0)21 905 4110 Fax: +27 (0)21 905 4045 jyreynaud@safivegroup.co.za www.safive.co.za

(0)21 905 4045 jyreynaud@safivegroup.co.za www.safive.co.za Schlumberger Logelco Inc Drill Avenue 8 Montague Gardens

Schlumberger Logelco Inc Drill Avenue 8 Montague Gardens 7441 Cape Town South Africa Tel.: +27 (0)21 527 2600 Fax: +27 (0)21 551 2941 Mr. Gideon du Toit

(0)21 527 2600 Fax: +27 (0)21 551 2941 Mr. Gideon du Toit The Expro Group Expro

The Expro Group Expro Gulf Limited Ground Floor Sheldon Place PO Box 1453, Lonehill Gauteng, Johannesburg Republic of South Africa, 2062 Tel.: +27 (0)11 467 0282 Fax: +27 (0)11 465 9766 enquiries@exprogroup.com www.exprogroup.com Area Manager, West & South Africa Mr. Tony Walker

Area Manager, West & South Africa Mr. Tony Walker This Project Brochure is a KCS Multi

This Project Brochure is a KCS Multi Media BV production. For further information, please contact:

KCS Multi Media Galvanistraat 14-3 P.O. Box 249, 6710 BE EDE The Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)318-645 322 Fax: +31 (0)318-645 587 info@kcsmultimedia.com www.kcsmultimedia.com

About Bluewater Since our founding in 1978, we have pioneered floating production and offshore mooring

About Bluewater

Since our founding in 1978, we have pioneered floating production and offshore mooring technology through continuous innovation in product design. We have set the technological pace in the Single Point Mooring (SPM) business, while helping introduce and lead develop- ment of Floating Production, Storage & Offloading (FPSO) vessels, Floating Storage & Offloading (FSO) systems and other floating off- shore applications.

Bluewater owns and operates a fleet of high-specification FPSOs designed to operate in the harshest environmental conditions, under the most stringent regulatory regimes. Deployed around the world through lease contracts, our FPSO contracts include:

• Management of oil, water and gas separation

• Gas handling, water injection and power generation

• Offshore storage, offloading and export tanker management

• Supply, operation and maintenance of subsea flowlines and riser systems

• Inspection and maintenance of subsea equipment

• Permanent or disconnectable mooring systems

• Onshore support and management

• Safety and environmental management

• Crew competency and safety training.

Our competent, highly motivated employees - both offshore and onshore - coupled with our state-of- the-art equipment and innovative, pro- fessional approach, create safe, high- yield production operations, reflected in the consistently high up-times recorded on all of our FPSO units.

Bluewater’s ability to respond effec- tively to changing field conditions on existing developments is a key aspect of our success. We work closely with our client to tie-in new reservoirs and make associated hardware modifi- cations with minimum production downtime.

In adding value, we actively foster and facilitate cooperation and collabora- tion. Our offshore staff provides con- tinuous feedback from the field, allow- ing improvements and best practices to be exchanged and delivered at all our locations, to the benefit and value of our clients and contractors.

practices to be exchanged and delivered at all our locations, to the benefit and value of
practices to be exchanged and delivered at all our locations, to the benefit and value of
Bluewater Energy Services B.V. Marsstraat 33 Hoofddorp 2132 HR The Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)23 568
Bluewater Energy Services B.V. Marsstraat 33 Hoofddorp 2132 HR The Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)23 568

Bluewater Energy Services B.V. Marsstraat 33 Hoofddorp 2132 HR The Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)23 568 2828 Fax: +31 (0)23 554 2160 info@bluewater.com www.bluewater.com