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6/2/12 List of welding processes - Wikipedia, the free encclopedia

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List of elding processes
Fom Wikipedia, he fee encclopedia
Thi i a list of elding processes, epaaed ino hei epecie caegoie. The
aociaed N reference nmbers (econd colmn) ae pecified in ISO 4063 (in he
Eopean Union pblihed a EN ISO 4063). Nmbe in paenhee ae obolee
and ee emoed fom he cen (1998) eion of ISO 4063. The AWS efeence
code of he Ameican Welding Socie ae commonl ed in Noh Ameica.
Contents
1 Ac elding
2 Ofel ga elding
3 Reiance elding
4 Solid-ae elding
5 Ohe elding
6 Refeence
7 See alo
8 Eenal link
Arc elding
Name N AWS Characteristics Applications
Aomic
hdogen
elding
(149) AHW
To meal elecode in
hdogen amophee
Hioical
Bae meal
ac elding
(113) BMAW
Conmmable elecode, no
fl o hielding ga
Hioical
Cabon ac
elding
(181) CAW Cabon elecode, hioical
Coppe, epai
(limied)
Fl coed
ac elding
136
137
FCAW
FCAW-
S
Conino conmable
elecode filled ih fl
Ind,
concion
Ga meal ac 131
GMAW
Conino conmable
Ind
6/2/12 List of welding processes - Wikipedia, the free encclopedia
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welding 135 electrode and shielding gas
Gas tungsten
arc welding
141 GTAW
Nonconsumable electrode,
slow, high quality welds
Aerospace
Plasma arc
welding
15 PAW
Nonconsumable electrode,
constricted arc
Tubing,
instrumentation
Shielded
metal arc
welding
111 SMAW
Consumable electrode
covered in flux, can weld any
metal as long as they have the
right electrode
Construction,
outdoors
Submerged
arc welding
121 SAW
Automatic, arc submerged in
granular flux
1. Also known as metal inert gas (MIG) welding or metal active gas (MAG)
welding
2. Also known as tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding
3. Also known as manual metal arc (MMA) welding or stick welding
Ofuel gas elding
Name N AWS Characteristics Applications
Air acetylene
welding
(321) AAW
Chemical welding process, not
popular
Limited
Oxyacetylene
welding
311 OAW
Combustion of acetylene with
oxygen produces high-
temperature flame,
inexpensive equipment
Maintenance,
repair
Oxygen/Propane
welding
312
Gas welding with
oxygen/propane flame
Oxyhydrogen
welding
313 OHW
Combustion of hydrogen with
oxygen produces flame
Limited
Pressure gas
welding
PGW
Gas flames heat surfaces and
pressure produces the weld
Pipe, railroad
rails (limited)
Resistance elding
Name N AWS Characteristics Applications
Automobile
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Reiance
po elding
21 RSW
To poined elecode appl
pee and cen o o o
moe hin okpiece
ind,
Aeopace
ind
Reiance
eam elding
22 ERW
To heel-haped elecode
oll along okpiece, appling
pee and cen
Aeopace
ind, eel
dm, bing
Pojecion
elding
23 PW
Flah elding 24 FW
Upe elding 25 RSEW
B join face heaed and
bogh ogehe b foce
Solid-state elding
Name N AWS Characteristics Applications
Coeion
elding
CEW
Diimila meal ae eded
hogh he ame die
Joining of
cooion
eian allo o
cheape allo
Cold pee
elding
48 CW
Joining of of allo ch a
coppe and alminim belo
hei meling poin
Elecical
conac
Diffion
elding
45 DFW No eld line iible
Tianim pmp
impello heel
Eploion
elding
441 EXW
Joining of diimila maeial,
e.g. cooion eian allo o
cal eel
Taniiion join
fo chemical
ind and
hipbilding.
Bimeal pipeline
Elecomagneic
ple elding
Tbe o hee ae acceleaed
b elecomagneic foce.
Oide ae epelled ding
impac
Aomoie
ind, pee
eel,
diimila
maeial join
Foge elding (43) FOW
The olde elding poce in
he old. Oide m be
emoed b fl o flame.
Damac eel
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Friction
welding
42 FRW
Thin heat aIIected zone, oxides
disrupted by Iriction, needs
suIIicient pressure
Aerospace
industry, railway,
land transport
Friction stir
welding
FSW
A rotating consumable tool is
traversed along the joint line
Shipbuilding,
aerospace,
railway rolling
stock, automotive
industry
Hot pressure
welding
HPW
Metals are pressed together at
elevated tempeartures below
the melting point in vacuum or
an inert gas athmosphere
Aerospace
components
Hot isostatic
pressure
welding
47 HPW
A hot inert gas applies the
pressure inside a pressure
vessel, i.e. an autoclave
Aerospace
components
Roll welding ROW
Bimetallic materials are joined
by Iorcing them between two
rotating wheels
Dissimilar
materials
Ultrasonic
welding
41 USW
High-Irequency vibratory
energy is applied to Ioils, thin
metal sheets or plastics.
Solar industry.
Electronics. Rear
lights oI cars.
Other elding
Name N AWS Characteristics Applications
Electron beam
welding
51
511
EBW
Deep penetration, Iast, high
equipment cost
Electroslag
welding
72 ESW
Welds thick workpieces quickly,
vertical position, steel only,
continuous consumable electrode.
Heavy plate
Iabrication,
construction
Construction,
shipbuilding.
Flow welding
Induction
welding
74 IW
Laser beam
welding
521
522
LBW
Deep penetration, Iast, high
equipment cost
Automotive
industry
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Lae-hbid
elding
Combine LBW ih GMAW in
he ame elding head, able o
bidge gap p o 2mm (beeen
plae), peiol no poible
ih LBW alone.
Aomoie,
Shipbilding,
Seelok
indie
Pecion
elding
77 PEW
Folloing an elecical
dichage, pee i applied
hich foge he maeial
ogehe
Componen of
ich gea
deice
Themie
elding
71 TW
Eohemic eacion beeen
almnim pode and ion oide
pode
Raila ack
Elecoga
elding
73
Conino conmable
elecode, eical poiioning,
eel onl
Soage ank,
hipbilding
Sd ac
elding
78
Weld d o bae maeial ih
hea and pee
References
Ca, Hoad B. and Sco C. Hele (2005). Moden Welding Technolog. Uppe
Saddle Rie, Ne Jee: Peaon Edcaion. ISBN 0-13-113029-3.
Lincoln Elecic (1994). The Pocede Handbook of Ac Welding. Cleeland:
Lincoln Elecic. ISBN 99949-25-82-2.
ISO 4063: "Welding and allied pocee - Nomenclae of pocee and
efeence nmbe" (1998)
"Welding Inpecion Handbook", 3d ediion, Ameican Welding Socie, ISBN 0-
87171-560-0, Miami, FL, pp. 10-11 (2000).
See also
Welding
Li of elding code
lae cladding
Eternal links
Welding poce infomaion (hp://.keomeal.com/page.ap?
6/2/12 List of welding processes - Wikipedia, the free encclopedia
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ID=CheckArticle&site=kts&NM=75)
Resistance welding process information
(http://www.keytometals.com/page.aspx?
ID=CheckArticle&site=kts&NM=76)
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