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Gas Turbine Generator Systems

Complete Solutions for Your Power Needs

Global Experience

A leading supplier in mid-range industrial gas turbines and gas turbine-driven generator sets from 1 to 20 MW, Solar Turbines designs and manufactures rugged, reliable products using quality systems certified to ISO 9001 standards. Solar offers complete solutions - from engineering specification to asset management - for industrial power generation applications from 1 to 50 MW. A wholly owned subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc., Solar Turbines Incorporated has a fleet of more than 11,200 gas turbine units-with over 1,000,000,000 operating hours--installed in 90 nations.

Solars unrivalled level of experience and worldwide Customer Services network are among the key reasons why customers continue to make Solar gas turbines and generator sets the first choice to meet their energy requirements in a variety of cogeneration, base-load, peak shaving, distributed power and standby duty applications such as:

grain processors ceramics cement gypsum paper and paper products wood products plastics tires and rubber products refineries manufacturing

Buildings/Institutions
district heating and cooling plants universities hospitals resorts and hotels commercial buildings telecommunications complexes computer centers

Industrial/Processing Facilities
chemicals pharmaceuticals foods and ingredients dairies and dairy products beverages breweries

Distributed Power
remote locales small utilities load management areas with rapid demand growth

District Heating
Centaur 50 Turbine Generator Set, District Cogeneration, U.S.A.

Single-Source Advantages
Solar Turbines designs and manufactures its gas turbines and turbine generator sets to ensure maximum systems compatibility and integration, plus high performance, reliability, availability, efficiency, and long life in the most demanding applications. As the customers single source, Solar Turbines also can provide: engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) services, including turnkey commissioning technical training field service certified parts repairs, overhauls, upgrades complete project operation and maintenance contract power and leasing financing packages

SoLoNOx Pollution Prevention


Solar gas turbines have low exhaust emissions levels and can meet virtually any current clean air standard with SoLoNOx lean-premixed combustion technology.
SoLoNOx Experience
462
Generator Drives
Compressor/ Mechanical Drives

UNITS

329 190 180 65 57 125 133 123 38 25 13 TITAN

The gas turbines clean, dry, oxygen-rich exhaust stream can be: used as a hot-air source for many drying applications ducted to an unfired heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) used as preheated combustion air for supplementary-fired HRSGs to produce high volumes of process steam used for direct heating in absorption chillers that provide chilled water

Multi-Fuel Capability
Solar gas turbines operate on a wide variety of fuels: natural gas distillates natural gas liquids (NGLs) liquefied petroleum gases (LPGs) hydrogen medium-Btu gas (coal-bed methane, landfill gas) Dual and tri-fuel systems can be configured for use with many models of Solar gas turbines.

CENTAUR

TAURUS

MARS

Outstanding Efficiency
Solar turbine generator sets are highly efficient simple-cycle units. When installed in combined cycle and combined heat and power applications, the efficiency is further enhanced. For example, in energy-saving cogeneration applications, overall system thermal efficiencies of 70-80% are common.

Fast Delivery
Modern, efficient manufacturing facilities and processes and skilled personnel enable Solar to quickly provided generator sets engineered and tested to fulfill specific customer requirements.

Institutional Cogeneration
Taurus 60 Turbine Generator Set, Hospital Cogeneration, U.S.A.

Industrial Cogeneration
Taurus 60 Turbine Generator Set Industrial Process, Thailand

Solar Gas Turbine Generator Sets

Saturn 20 Generator Set

Centaur 40 and Centaur 50 Generator Sets

Industrial Cogeneration
Taurus 60 Turbine Generator Set, Food Processing, Canada

Taurus 60 and Taurus 70 Generator Sets

Peaking Power
Taurus 60 Turbine Generator Sets, Rural Electric Coop, U.S.A Mars 90 and Mars 100 Generator Sets

Titan 130 Generator Set

Institutional Cogeneration
Mars 100 Turbine Generator Set, Tri-Fuel Paper Plant, Turkey

Distributed Power
Two Mars 100 Turbine Generator Sets, Combined-Cycle Utility Power, Australia

District Heating/Cooling
Taurus 60 Turbine Generator Set STAC Unit, U.S.A.

Mobile Peaking Power


Four Taurus 60 Turbine Generator Sets, Refinery, U.S.A.

Peaking Power
Three Titan 130 Turbine Generator Sets Municipal Power, U.S.A.

District Heating
Centaur 50 Turbine Dual-Fuel, SoLoNOx Cogeneration/District Heating, Germany

Industrial Cogeneration
Mars 100 Turbine Generator Set, Heat Recovery, Paper Mill, U.S.A.

Generator Set Performance

The following curves provide performance data for each continuous-duty Solar gas turbine generator set at full load under standard conditions

(sea level, natural gas fuel, 60% relative humidity, zero inlet and exhaust losses). Power and efficiency ratings are nominal at the generator

terminals. For detailed performance data, please contact the Solar Turbines sales office nearest you.

Titan 130 Generator Set Performance


OUTPUT POWER, kWe

18 000

16.0 (15,200) 14.8 (14,000) Output Power 13.6 (12,891) 12.4 (11,800)

ISO Continuous Duty Output 14 000 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature

16 000

14 000

10 465 kJ/kW-hr 9920 Btu/kW-hr

179 060 kg/hr 490 C 394,750 lb/hr 920 F

12 000

10 000 Heat Rate 8000 -30 (-22) -15 0 15 30 (5) (32) (59) (86) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F)

11.2 (10,600) 10.0 (9500) 45 (113)

13 000

OUTPUT POWER, kWe

ISO Continuous Duty Output 10 690 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature 485 C 910 F

12 000 Output Power 11 000

12.4 (11,755)

11 090 kJ/kW-hr 10,520 Btu/kW-hr

150 390 kg/hr 331,550 lb/hr

12.0 (11,375) 11.6 (10,995) 11.2 (10,615) 10.8 (10,235) 45 (113)

10 000

9000 Heat Rate 8000 -30 (-22)

-15 0 15 30 (5) (32) (59) (86) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F)

Mars 90 Generator Set Performance


OUTPUT POWER, kWe

12 000

13.4 (12,700)

ISO Continuous Duty Output 9450 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature 470 C 870 F

11 000 Output Power 10 000

12.6 (11,940) 12.2 (11,565) 11.8 (11,185) 11.4 (10,805)

11 300 kJ/kW-hr 10,710 Btu/kW-hr

144 590 kg/hr 318,760 lb/hr

9000

8000

7000 Heat Rate 6000 -30 (-22) -15 0 15 30 (5) (32) (59) (86) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F)

11.0 (10,425) 45 (113)

Output Power

OUTPUT POWER, kWe

ISO Continuous Duty Output 7520 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature 490 C 910 F

8500

12.0 (11,600) 11.6 (11,000) 11.2 (10,600) 10.8 (10,200) 10.3 (9800)

10 650 kJ/kW-hr 10,100 Btu/kW-hr

97 000 kg/hr 213,840 lb/hr

7500

6500

5500

Heat Rate

4500 -30 (-22) -15 0 15 30 (5) (32) (59) (86) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F) 45 (113)

HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

Taurus 70 Generator Set Performance

9500

12.5 (11,800)

HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

13.0 (12,320)

HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

Mars 100 Generator Set Performance

12.8 (12,130)

HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

6500

Taurus 60 Generator Set Performance


6000
OUTPUT POWER, kWe

13.2 (12,510)
HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

12.8 (12,130) Output Power 12.4 (11,755) 12.0 (11,375) 11.6 (10,995) Heat Rate 11.2 (10,615) 10.8 (10,235) -30 (-22) -15 0 15 30 (5) (32) (59) (86) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F) 45 (113)

ISO Continuous Duty Output 5500 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature 510 C 950 F

5500

11 840 kJ/kW-hr 11,225 Btu/kW-hr

78 820 kg/hr 173,770 lb/hr

5000

4500

4000

3500

Centaur 50 Generator Set Performance


OUTPUT POWER, kWe

5500

13.8 (13,080) 13.4 (12,700) Output Power


HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

ISO Continuous Duty Output 4600 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature 510 C 950 F

5000

4500

12 270 kJ/kW-hr 11,630 Btu/kW-hr

68 680 kg/hr 151,410 lb/hr

13.0 (12,320) 12.6 (11,940) Heat Rate 12.2 (11,565) 11.8 (11,185) -15 0 15 30 (5) (32) (59) (86) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F) 45 (113)

4000

3500

3000 -30 (-22)

Centaur 40 Generator Set Performance


OUTPUT POWER, kWe

5000

14.6 (13,840)
HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

4500

ISO Continuous Duty Output 3515 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature 435 C 820 F

14.0 (13,270) 13.6 (12,890) 13.2 (12,510) 12.8 (12,130) 12.4 (11,755) 12.0 (11,375)

4000

Output Power

12 910 kJ/kW-hr 12,240 Btu/kW-hr

67 000 kg/hr 147,720 lb/hr

3500

3000 Heat Rate 2500

2000 -30 (-22) -15 (5) 0 (32) 15 (59) 30 (86) 45 (113) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F)

Saturn 20 Generator Set Performance


OUTPUT POWER, kWe

1300

16.4 (15,545)

ISO Continuous Duty Output 1210 kWe

Heat Rate

Exhaust Flow

Exhaust Temperature 505 C 940 F

Output Power 1100

15.6 (14,785) 15.2 (14,405) 14.8 (14,030) Heat Rate 14.4 (13,650) 14.0 (13,270) -15 0 15 30 (5) (59) (86) (32) INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, C (F ) 45 (113)

14 795 kJ/kW-hr 14,025 Btu/kW-hr

23 540 kg/hr 51,900 lb/hr

1000

900

800

700 -30 (-22)

HEAT RATE, MJ/kW-hr (Btu/kW-hr)

1200

16.0 (15,165)

Basic Package Features

Industrial Gas Turbine


rugged design high availability high reliability long life low maintenance extended overhaul intervals

Approximate Package Dimensions and Weights #


Generator Set Designation Titan 130 Mars 100 Mars 90 Taurus 70 Taurus 60 Centaur 50 Centaur 40 Saturn 20 Length, m (ft-in.) 14.0 (46' 0") 14.5 (47' 6") 14.5 (47' 6") 10.4 (34' 0") 9.8 (32' 0") 9.8 (32' 0") 9.8 (32' 0") 5.8 (18' 11") Width, m (ft-in.) 3.3 (10' 10") 2.8 (9' 2") 2.8 (9' 2") 2.8 (9' 2") 2.5 (8' 2") 2.5 (8' 2") 2.5 (8' 2") 1.7 (5' 5") Height, m (ft-in.) 3.3 (10' 9") 3.6 (12' 0") 3.6 (12' 0") 3.3 (10' 9") 2.9 (9' 8") 2.9 (9' 8") 2.9 (9' 8") 2.0 (6' 6-1/2") Wet Weight, kg (lb) 74 390 (164,000) 73 028 (161,000) 64 698 (142,500) 45 670 (100,703) 32 808 (72,342) 32 699 (72,102) 32,631 (71,952) 9980 (22,000)

Main Gearbox
epicyclic speed-reduction gearing

Generators
50 Hz standard voltages 60 Hz standard voltages

Governor
isochronous mode droop mode (automatic load-sharing with similar units in isochronous mode is standard)

Starting
electric starting system standard black-start systems available

Actual values vary with customer options specified, such as type of generator.

Lubrication System
pumps reservoir filters low-pressure protection high-temperature protection air-to-oil or water-to-oil cooler
H

Turbotronic Control System


sequences starting and shutdown monitors/protects during operation microprocessor-based powerful with high reliability remote operation available

Enclosures (optional)
outdoor weather-resistant sound attenuated fire/gas detection/suppression

Ancillary Systems
A wide variety of ancillary equipment is available to meet all installation needs: silencers filters ducting

Modifications
standard factory modifications available to customize units to specific applications

Gas Turbine
EXHAUST COLLECTOR TURBINE ASSEMBLY COMBUSTOR COMPRESSOR AIR INLET

Gearbox

Generator

MicroprocessorBased Controls

Base Frame
FUEL SYSTEM OIL SYSTEM CUSTOMER CONNECTIONS

Product Development

Collaborating closely as members of cross-functional teams, Solar's employees work to develop new technologies and products to meet anticipated as well as current customer requirements. Solar's historic backbone, the technical staff, continues to advance the company's technical leadership with such innovations as: pollution-prevention, dry low emissions SoLoNOx combustion advanced, energy-saving primary surface gas turbine recuperators

fourth-generation microprocessor-based control systems gas turbines in new size ranges ceramic gas turbine components advanced gas turbine systems for the 21st century Employee efforts in these areas are vital elements of Solar's commitment to uncompromising quality and continuous improvement.

Worldwide Support Services

Construction Services
engineering procurement construction installation

Customer Services
Solar is committed to providing our customers with the lowest possible life-cycle costs for their turbomachinery projects as well as comprehensive support services through our global network of overhaul centers, parts depots, field service offices and training facilities. Field Service 37 strategic locations worldwide around-the-clock response ready access to Solar's full technical, research, engineering, and manufacturing resources Certified Parts genuine Solar turbine service parts stocked at depots worldwide rapid order processing and shipment

Overhauls gas turbine overhaul and repair centers in Europe, Canada, Asia, Mexico, Nigeria, Australia, and U.S.A. exchange engine program to minimize downtime Technical Training expert training of customer personnel at field sites or Solar's facilities Extended Service Agreements extended warranty covering all engine and package components exchange engines fixed-cost maintenance Asset Management Services full-service plant operation and maintenance for customer installations worldwide

Solar has been a pioneer in the design, manufacture and packaging of gas turbine systems for more than 50 years and is a world leader in the mid-range industrial gas turbine business. So, customers in 90 nations spanning the globe know they can rely on Solar Turbines to provide rugged, reliable turbomachinery systems, responsive service, technical assistance and service parts availability with a worldwide, around-the-clock support network.

Solar Turbines Headquarters


San Diego, California

For More Information

For more information on Solar gas turbine generator sets, please contact: Solar Turbines Incorporated Dept. BIPG P.O. Box 85376 San Diego, CA 92186-5376, U.S.A. Telephone: (+1) 619-544-5352 Telefax: (+1) 858-694-6715 Internet: www.solarturbines.com

or your nearest Solar sales office. U.S. Sales Offices: Anaheim, CA; Anchorage, AK; Chicago (Naperville), IL; Dallas (DeSoto), TX; Houston, TX; Miami, FL; New Orleans, LA; New York City (Upper Saddle River, NJ); Salt Lake City, UT; and Washington, DC.

Outside the U.S., please contact: Solar Turbines Europe S.A.: Brussels (Gosselies), Belgium; London (Slough, Berkshire), U.K., and Dubai, UAE Caterpillar Overseas S.A. Moscow, Russia Caterpillar China, Ltd. Beijing, Peoples Republic of China Solar Turbines Asia New Delhi, India; Singapore, Republic of Singapore; and Tokyo, Japan Solar Turbines Australia Melbourne (Rowville), Victoria Solar Turbines Canada Ltd. Calgary, Alberta Turbinas Solar, S.A. de C.V. Mexico City, Mexico Delcom Services SDN BHD Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia P.T. Indoturbine Jakarta, Indonesia

Caterpillar is a registered trademark of Caterpillar Inc. Solar, Saturn, Centaur, Mercury, Taurus, Mars, Titan, SoLoNOx and Turbotronic are trademarks of Solar Turbines Incorporated. Specifications subject to change without notice. Printed in U.S.A. 2001 Solar Turbines Incorporated. All rights reserved. BIPG/901/10M