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List of international observances

Below follows a list of consecutively days, years and decades that have been denoted as international observances by the Un January 1 - Global Family Day - formerly One Day of Peace and Sharing, recognized by the UN January 1 - World Day of Peace - established by pope Paul VI in his letter dated on 8.12.1967 January 4 - World Hypnotism Day - established to promote awareness of hypnosis January 6 - World day for War orphans - initiated by (S.O.S Enfants En Detresse - www.soseed.org by Stephen N. Kinuthia) January 11 - International Day for Peace in Kenya January 11, 2008. Recent events in the country left Kenyans in fear of thei January 24 - National girl child day of India, recognized by India January 27 - International Holocaust Remembrance Day, recognized by the UN January 28 - Data Protection Day - recognized by the Council of Europe [2] February 2 - World Wetlands Day February 4 - World Cancer Day February 6 - International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation February 11 - World Day of the Sick, an observance day instituted by pope John Paul II. February 12 - Darwin Day February 14 - Valentines Day February 20 - World Day of Social Justice, recognized by the UN February 21 - International Mother Language Day, recognized by the UN World Tourist Guide Day. International Mother Lan February 22 - International Scouts Day March 4 - World Kamau's Day - Recognized by the UN March 8 - United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace, recognized by the UN March 8 - International Women's Day [3], recognized by the UN March 14 - International Day of Action for Rivers [4]] March 15 - World Day of Muslim Culture, Peace, Dialogue and Film March 15 - World Consumer Rights Day March 20 - International Day of the Francophonie (site (French)) March 20 - World Day of Theatre for Children and Young People [5] March 21 - International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, recognized by the UN March 21 - World Poetry Day, recognized by the UNESCO (Masood) March 22 - World Day for Water, recognized by the UN March 23 - World Meteorological Day, recognized by the UN / Pakistan Day. March 24 - International Day for Achievers, World Tuberculosis Day, recognized by the UN March 25 - International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade, recognized by the March 27 - World Theatre Day April 2 - World Autism Awareness Day, recognized by the UN April 3 - World Press Freedom Day, recognized by the UN April 4 - International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action, recognized by the UN April 7 - World Health Day, recognized by the UN April 7 - International Day of Reflection on the Genocide in Rwanda, recognized by the UN April 14 - Mahl Language Day April 16 - World Entrepreneurship Day (WED) site April 17 - World Hemophilia Day, recognized by the UN April 21 - World Creativity and Innovation Day. Celebrations begin April 15 - Leonardo da Vinci's Birthday April 22 - Earth Day April 23 - World Book and Copyright Day, recognized by the UN April 24 - World Day for Laboratory Animals, recognized by the UN

April 25 - World Malaria Day, recognized by the WHO April 26 - World Intellectual Property Day, recognized by the UN April 28 - International Workers' Memorial Day April 29 - World Dance Day May 1 - May Day - Labour Day May 2 - International Day of Deliberately Unemployed May 3 - World Press Freedom Day, recognized by the UN May 4 - International Firefighters' Day May 5 - International Midwives Day May 7 - Rabindranath Tagore's Anniversary Day May 8 - World Red Cross & Red Crescent Day May 8-May 9 - Time of Remembrance and Reconciliation for Those Who Lost Their Lives during the Second World War, reco May 10 - International Mothers Day May 12 - International Nurses Day May 15 - International Day of Families, recognized by the UN May 17 - World Information Society Day, recognized by the UN May 18 - International Museum Day May 19 - World Hepatitis Day May 21 - World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development, recognized by the UN May 22 - International Day for Biological Diversity, recognized by the UN May 23 - World Turtle Day May 29 - International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers, recognized by the UN May 29 - Redhead Day in Walibi Belgium [1] May 31 - World No Tobacco Day, recognized by the UN June 1 - International Children's Day June 4 - International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression, recognized by the UN June 5 - World Environment Day, recognized by the UN June 8 - World Brain Tumour Day June 8 - World Ocean Day June 12 - World Day Against Child Labour June 14 - World Blood Donor Day, recognized by the UN June 17 - World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, recognized by the UN June 18 - International Picnic Day June 19 - World Sickle Cell Anaemia Awareness Day June 20 - World Refugee Day, recognized by the UN June 21 - World Music Day June 23 - United Nations Public Service Day, recognized by the UN June 26 - International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, recognized by the UN June 26 - International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, recognized by the UN July 8 - Writers' Day July 11 - World Population Day, recognized by the UN August 9 - International Day of the World's Indigenous People, recognized by the UN[6][7] August 12 - International Youth Day, recognized by the UN August 13 - International Lefthanders Day August 19 - World Humanitarian Day August 23 - International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition, recognized by the UN

August 29 - Telugu Language Day September 8 - International Literacy Day, recognized by the UN September 10 - World Suicide Prevention Day September 11 - World First Aid Day September 15 - International Day of Democracy, recognized by the UN September 15 - International Day of Engineers, recognized by the INDIA, In remembrance of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaray September 16 - International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, recognized by the UN September 19 - International Talk Like a Pirate Day September 21 - International Day of Peace, recognized by the UN September 21 - World Alzheimer's Day September 22 - (World) Car Free Day(s)

September 25 - International Grab Hand Day, Not Recognised by UN, but only those in the GIS Industry, and all associated IT September 26 - European Day of Languages September 27 - World Tourism Day September 28 - Right to Know Day (RightToKnowDay.net) September 28 - World Rabies Day October 1 - International Day of Older Persons, recognized by the UN October 1 - World Vegetarian Day October 2 - International Day of Non-Violence, recognized by the UN, observed on M.K. Gandhi's birthday October 3 - World Smile Day[8] October 4 - World Animal Day October 5 - World Teachers' Day October 6 - World Hospice and Palliative Care Day October 8 - World Humanitarian Action Day October 9 - World Post Day, recognized by the UN October 10 - World Mental Health Day, recognized by the UN October 10 - World Day Against Death Penalty, recognized by the WCADP October 14 - World Standards Day October 15 - International Day of Rural Women, recognized by the UN October 15 - Global Handwashing Day October 16 - National Boss Day (Boss's Day) October 16 - World Food Day, recognized by the UN October 17 - International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, recognized by the UN October 20 - International Day of the Air Traffic Controller, [9] October 24 - United Nations Day, recognized by the UN October 24 - World Development Information Day, recognized by the UN October 27 - World Day for Audiovisual Heritage, recognized by the UN November 1 - World Vegan Day November 6 - International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict, recognized b November 9 - World Freedom Day November 14 - World Diabetes Day, recognized by the UN November 16 - International Day for Tolerance, recognized by the UN November 17 - International Students Day November 19 - International Men's Day (Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Australia, India, United States, Singapore, United Kin November 19 - World Toilet Day November 20 - Africa Industrialization Day, recognized by the UN

November 20 - Universal Children's Day, recognized by the UN November 21 - World Hello Day November 21 - World Television Day, recognized by the UN November 25 - International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, recognized by the UN November 25 - International Meatless Day[11] November 29 - International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, recognized by the UN November 30 - Computer Security Day December 1 - World Aids Day, recognized by the UN/ WORLD AIDS DAY December 2 - International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, recognized by the UN December 3 - International Day of Persons with Disabilities, recognized by the UN December 5 - International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development, recognized by the UN December 7 - International Civil Aviation Day, recognized by the UN December 9 - The International Day against Corruption, recognized by the UN December 10 - Human Rights Day, recognized by the UN December 11 - International Mountain Dew Day, recognized by the UN December 18 - International Migrants Day, recognized by the UN December 19 - United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation, recognized by the UN December 20 - International Human Solidarity Day, recognized by the UN December 25 - Christmas

ernational observances by the United Nations.

eed.org by Stephen N. Kinuthia) ountry left Kenyans in fear of their future. The stalemate between the political leaders has created opportunity for destructive forces, and

ide Day. International Mother Language Day originated as the international recognition of Language Movement Day, which has been com

ntic Slave Trade, recognized by the UN

Vinci's Birthday

uring the Second World War, recognized by the UN

ecognized by the UN

of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

GIS Industry, and all associated IT Disciplines.[citation needed ]

andhi's birthday

r and Armed Conflict, recognized by the UN

nited States, Singapore, United Kingdom, Malta, South Africa, Hungary, Ireland, Ghana, and Canada)

ed by the UN

zed by the UN

ortunity for destructive forces, and organized militia, which have risen to kill innocent people (more than 450 killed, thousands injured and

ovement Day, which has been commemorated in Bangladesh since 1952, when a number of Dhaka university students were killed by the P

n 450 killed, thousands injured and over 250,000 displaced - initiated by (Kenya Welfare Foundation & Kenya Development Network and C

ersity students were killed by the Pakistani police and army in Dhaka during the Bengali Language Movement.

enya Development Network and Consortium)

World Days in January 2010


27 International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust

World Days in February 2010


4 20 21

World Cancer Day World Day of Social Justice International Mother Language Day

World Days in March 2010


8 21 21-28 22 23 24

International Women's Day and


United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination

World Water Day World Meteorological Day World Tuberculosis Day


International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action

World Days in April 2010


4 7 23

World Health Day World Book and Copyright Day

World Days in May 2010


1 3 5 8 12 15 17 21 22 25-Jun-01 29 31 1st Tuesday of May

International Labor Day World Press Freedom Day World Athletics Day World Red Cross Day International Nurses Day International Day of Families World Information Society Day
World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development

International Day for Biological Diversity


Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers

World No-Tobacco Day World Asthma Day

World Days in June 2010


1 4 5 17 17 20

International children's day International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression World Environment Day World Ocean Day
World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

World Refugee Day

21 23 26

World Music Day


United Nations Public Service Day

International Anti Drugs Day and


International Day in Support of Victims of Torture

World Days in July 2010


First Saturday 2 6 11

International Day of Cooperatives World Sports Journalists Day World Zonnosis Day World Population Day
International Day of the World's Indigenous People

World Days in August 2010


9 12 23

International Youth Day


International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition

World Days in September 2010


8 15 16 19 21 24 27 During last Week

International Literacy Day International Day of Democracy


International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer

International Talk Like A Pirate Day International Day of Peace World Heart Day World Tourism Day World Maritime Day

World Days in October 2010

1 2 4 10-Apr 5 First Monday Second Wednesday 9

World Vegetarian Day and International Day for Older Persons World Farm Animals Day World Animal Day World Space Week World Teacher's Day World Habitat Day International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
World Post Day

10 15 16 17 24 24-30

World Egg Day and World Mental Health Day Global Handwashing Day World Food Day International Day for the Eradication of Proverty United Nations Day and World Development Information Day Disarmament Week

25 First Monday of October

World Pasta Day World Habitat Day

World Days in November 2010


6 14 16 Third Sunday 20 21 25 29 International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict

World Diabetes Day International Day of Tolerance


World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims

Universal Children's Day, and Africa Industrialization Day World Television Day
International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People

World Days in December 2010


1 2 3 5 7 9 10 11 18 19 20

World AIDS Day International Day for the Abolition of Slavery International Day of Disabled Persons
International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development

International Civil Aviation Day International Anti Corruption Day Human Rights Day International Mountain Day International Migrants Day
United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation International Human Solidarity Day

ALBANIA 1 & 2 January - New Year's Days - Public Holiday 7 March - Teacher's Day 8 March - Woman's Day 14 March - Summer Day - Public Holiday 22 March - Sultan Nouruz Remembrance - Public Holiday 4 April - Easter Day (Catholic) - Public Holiday 4 April - Easter Day (Orthodox) - Public Holiday 1 May - Labour Day - Public Holiday 9 September - Eid ul-Fitr (Bajram i Madh) - Public Holiday 19 October - Mother Teresa Day - Public Holiday 16 November - Eid al-Adha (Bajram i Vogel) - Public Holiday 28 November - Independence Day - Public Holiday 29 November - Liberation Day - Public Holiday 8 December - National Youth Day - Public Holiday 25 December - Christmas Day - Public Holiday ARGENTINA 1 January - New Year's Day 24 March - Da Nacional de la Memoria por la Verdad y la Justicia (ley 26.085) 2 April - Da del Veterano y de los Cados en la Guerra de Malvinas (ley 26.110) variable date - Maundy Thursday variable date - Good Friday 1 May - Labour Day 25 May - Anniversary of the May Revolution 20 June(next Mon after) - Paso a la Inmortalidad del General Manuel Belgrano 9 July - Anniversary of the Argentine Declaration of Independence 17 August(next Mon after) - Paso a la Inmortalidad del General Jos de San Martn 12 October(next Mon after) - Da de la Raza 8 December - Inmaculada Concepcin de Mara 25 December - Christmas Day ARMENIA 1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Armenian Christmas 24 April - Armenian genocide

AUSTRALIA 1 January - New Year's Day 26 January - Australia Day Good Friday, Holy Saturday and Easter Monday - variable dates. For 2010 Friday 2 April and Monday 5th are public holidays 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day (except South Australia), Proclamation Day (South Australia only) Labour Day (localised holiday, on a different day in each region) 5 Oct 2009 for NSW. Show Day (localised holiday, on a different day in each region AUSTRIA

1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Epiphany Easter Monday* 1 May - Labour Day Ascension Day* - (Christi Himmelfahrt) The fortieth day after Easter Sunday Whit Sunday* - (Pfingsten) Pentecost Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles,fifty days after the Resurrection of Chris Corpus Christi* - First Holy Eucharist Last supper. Thursday after Trinity Sunday 15 August - Assumption of Mary 26 October - Austrian National Day (day of the Declaration of Neutrality) 1 November - All Saints' Day 8 December - Feast of the Immaculate Conception, retail stores are allowed to open for Christmas shopping 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - St Stephen's Day An asterisk (*) denotes a movable holiday. AZERBAIJAN 12 January - New Year's Day 20 January - Black January Martyr's Day 8 March - International Women's Day 2021 March - Nowruz 9 May - Victory over Fascism Day (May 9) 28 May - Republic Day 15 June - National Salvation Day 26 June - Army and Navy Day 12 November - Constitution Day 31 December - International Solidarity Day Eid ul-Fitr Ramazan Bayrami* Eid al-Adha Gurban Bayrami* An asterisk (*) denotes a movable holiday. BAHAMAS 1 January - New Year's Day 6 April - Good Friday 9 April - Easter Monday 7 May - Whit Monday 9 May - Labour Day 10 July - Independence Day 6 August - Emancipation Day 12 October - Discovery Day / National Heroes Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Barbados

1 January - New Year's Day 21 January - Errol Barrow Day variable date - Good Friday variable date - Easter Monday 28 April - National Heroes' Day 1st Monday of May - Labour Day variable date - Whit Monday 1st Monday in August - Kadooment Day 1 August - Emancipation Day 30 November - Independence Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December-27 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Bangladesh
Main article: Public holidays in Bangladesh 21 February 2010 - International Mother Language Day 27 February 2010* - Eid-e-Miladunnabi 17 March 2010 - Birth day of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu 26 March 2010 - Independence Day 1 May 2010 - International Labour Day 27 May 2010 - Buddha Purnima 28 July 2010* - Shab-e-Barat 13 August 2009* - Posthumous 15 August 2010 - National Mourning Day 7 September 2010* - [Laylat al-Qadr|Shab-e-Qadar] 10 September 2010* - Jamat-ul-Bida 11 September 2010* - Eid ul-Fitr 17 October 2010 - Durga Puja 17 November 2010* - Eid ul-Adha 16 December 2010 - Victory Day 25 December 2010 - Christmas Day Note: The star marked dates may change subject to sighting of the moon.

[edit] Belarus
Main article: Public holidays in Belarus

[edit] Belgium
Main article: Public holidays in Belgium

1 January - New Year's Day Varying - Easter 1st Monday after Easter - Easter Monday 1 May - Labour Day 6th Thursday after Easter - Ascension 7th Sunday after Easter - Pentecost 8th Monday after Easter - Pentecost Monday 11 July - Flemish Community Holiday only held in Flanders - not a public holiday 21 July - National Holiday - commemorating the ascension to the throne of Belgium's first king Leopold I 15 August - Assumption of Mary 27 September - French Community Holiday only held in Wallonia - not a public holiday 1 November - All Saints 2 November - All Souls Day - not a public holiday - Sander Stouthuysen birthday - public holiday, most companies are closed 11 November - Armistice Day 15 November - Dynasty Day & Day of German-speaking Community only held in areas of the German-speaking Community 24 December - Christmas Eve- not a public holiday 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Belize
Main article: Public holidays in Belize 1 January - New Year's Day 9 March - Baron Bliss Day Good Friday, Holy Saturday, Easter Sunday and Easter Monday - variable dates 1 May - Labour Day 24 May - Sovereign's Day / Commonwealth Day 10 September - St. George's Caye Day 21 September - Independence Day 12 October - Pan American Day (Columbus Day) 19 November - Garifuna Settlement Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Bermuda
Main article: Holidays in Bermuda 1 January - New Year's Day variable dates (6 April 2007) - Good Friday 24 May - Bermuda Day 11 June - Queen's Birthday Thursday before the first Monday in August (2 August 2007) - Emancipation Day (first Day of Cup Match)

Friday before the first Monday in August (3 August 2007) - Somer's Day (Second day of Cup Match) First Monday in September (3 September 2007) - Labour Day 11 November - Remembrance Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Bhutan
(lunar) - Offerings Day (lunar) - Losay (Lunar New Year) 2 May - The King's Birthday (lunar) - Shabdrung Kuchoe (death anniversary of the Shabdrung) (lunar) - Third King's Birthday 2 June - Coronation Day (lunar) - Buddha Parinirvana (lunar) - Buddha's First Sermon (lunar) - Third King's Death (lunar) - Guru Rinpoche's Birthday (lunar) - Blessed Rainy Day (lunar) - Dashaim (lunar) - Buddha Descension Day 17 December - National Day 19 December - Stelios Boulieris' Day 21 December - Winter Solstice

[edit] Bosnia and Herzegovina


1 January - New Year's Day Eid ul-Fitr Ramazan Bayram Eid al-Adha Kurban Bayram Easter January 7- Christmas 1 May - May Day Christmas Day

[edit] Brazil
Main article: Public holidays in Brazil 1 January - New Year's Day 47 days before Easter - Carnival Variable dates - Good Friday Variable dates - Easter 21 April - Tiradentes

1 May - Labour Day Variable dates - Corpus Christi 7 September - Independence Day 12 October - Our Lady Aparecida (Patron saint of Brazil), also celebrated as Children's Day 2 November - Finados 15 November - Proclamation of the Republic 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 2010 variable holidays: February 1517 - Carnival 2 April - Paixo de Cristo 4 April - Easter 3 June - Corpus Christi 2009 variable holidays: February 2325 - Carnival 10 April - Paixo de Cristo 12 April - Easter 11 June - Corpus Christi 2008 variable holidays: February 46 - Carnival 21 March - Paixo de Cristo 23 March - Easter 22 May - Corpus Christi

[edit] British Virgin Islands


Main article: Public holidays in the British Virgin Islands 1 January - New Year's Day 5 March - Lavity Stoutt's birthday 12 March - Commonwealth day Good Friday - Friday before Easter (calculated according to Western Christian calendar) Easter Monday Whit Monday 1 July - Territory Day 1st Monday in August - Festival Monday Tuesday after 1st Monday in August - Festival Tuesday Wednesday after 1st Monday in August - Festival Wednesday 21 October - Saint Ursula's day 24 December - Christmas Eve

25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Bulgaria
Main article: Public holidays in Bulgaria 1 January - New Year's Day 3 March - Liberation of Bulgaria Great Friday - moveable Easter Monday - moveable 1 May - Labour Day 6 May - St. George's Day and Army Day 24 May - Education and Culture Day and Day of the Slavic Heritage 6 September - Day of the Union of Eastern Rumelia with the Bulgarian Principality 22 September - Independence Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Second Day of Christmas 31 December - New Year's Eve [edit] Canada Main article: Public holidays in Canada

1 January - New Year's Day Third Monday in February - Family Day - in some provinces. Called "Louis Riel Day" in Manitoba. Good Friday Easter Monday - schools, banks, and government Last Monday on or before 24 May - Victoria Day 24 June - Fte nationale du Qubec - public holiday in Quebec 1 July - Canada Day First Monday in August - name varies by province First Monday in September - Labour Day Second Monday in October - Thanksgiving Day 11 November - Remembrance Day - limited to government agencies and banks in some provinces; public holiday in British C 24 December - Christmas Eve (in some provinces) 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Chile
Main article: Public holidays in Chile 1 January - New Year's Day

March/April - Good Friday March/April - Holy Saturday 20 April - 420 1 May - Labour Day 21 May - Navy Day 29 June - Feast of Saints Peter and Paul 16 July - Our Lady of Mount Carmel 15 August - Assumption of Mary 18 September - Independence Day 19 September - Glories of the Army Day 12 October - Columbus Day 31 October - Reformation Day 1 November - All Saints 8 December - Immaculate Conception 25 December - Christmas Day [edit] China Further information: Public holidays in China Traditional holidays:

Lunar Calendar Month 1 Day 1 - Chinese Lunar New Year (Second New Moon following the Winter Solstice - Late January or Lunar Calendar Month 1 Day 15 - Lantern Festival 4 April/5 April - Qingming Festival Lunar Calendar Month 5 Day 5 - Dragon Boat Lunar Calendar Month 7 Day 7 - Qi Xi- Chinese Valentine's Day Lunar Calendar Month 7 Day 15 - Ghost Festival Lunar Calendar Month 8 Day 15 - Mid-Autumn Festival Lunar Calendar Month 9 Day 9 - Double Ninth Festival Holidays in the People's Republic of China: 1 January - New Year's Day 2 January - New Year's Day Holiday Chinese New Year - Second New Moon following the Winter Solstice - Late January or February 1 May-3 May - Labour Day 1 July - CPC Founding Day 1 August - Army Day 1 October-3 October - National Day See also: Chinese calendar Public holidays in Hong Kong Public holidays in Macau

[edit] Colombia

A more reliable, detailed, and up-to-date list of official non-working holidays, in Spanish, is to be found in Spanish-language W

1 January - New Year's Day 8 January - Epiphany 19 March - Saint Joseph's Day Holy Thursday, and Good Friday - variable dates 1 May - Labour Day 21 May - Ascension Day Corpus Christi Day - variable dates (Thursday after Trinity Sunday) 22 May 2008, 11 June 2009, 3 June 2010; 23 June 2011, 7 June 2012, 30 May 2013, 19 June 2014, 4 June 2015, 26 May 20 Sacred Heart Day - variable dates (19 days after Pentecost) 2 July - Feast of Saints Peter and Paul 20 July - Independence Day 7 August - Battle of Boyaca's Day 15 August - Assumption Day 12 October - Columbus Day 5 November - All Saint's Day 8 December - Immaculate Conception Day 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Costa Rica


Main article: Holidays in Costa Rica 1 January - New Year's Day 11 April - Battle of Rivas Day Holy Thursday, and Good Friday - variable dates 1 May - Labour Day 25 July - Guanacaste Day 2 August - Virgen de los Angeles Day 15 August - Mother's Day 15 September - Independence Day 12 October - Meeting of Cultures Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Croatia (Hrvatska)


Main article: Holidays in Croatia 1 January - New Year's Day - Nova Godina 6 January - Epiphany - Bogojavljenje variable date - Easter Sunday and Monday - Uskrs i Uskrsni ponedjeljak

1 May - Labour Day - Meunarodni praznik rada 60 days post Easter - Corpus Christi - Tijelovo 22 June - Anti-fascist struggle day - Dan antifaistike borbe 25 June - Statehood Day (Croatia) - Dan dravnosti 5 August - Victory Day (Croatia) - Dan pobjede i domovinske zahvalnosti i Dan hrvatskih branitelja 15 August - Assumption of Mary - Velika Gospa 8 October - Independence Day - Dan nezavisnosti 1 November - All Saint's Day - Dan svih svetih 25 December - Christmas Day - Boid 26 December - Saint Stephen - Sveti Stjepan

[edit] Cyprus
1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Epiphany Day 2 March - Ash Monday - Green Monday (variable - 50 days before Easter Sunday each year) 25 March - Greek Revolution Day - Mary's Immaculate Conception Day 1 April - Cyprus Revolution 1955-59 Day 25 April - Greek Orthodox Easter 1 May - Labour Day 50 days after Easter Sunday each year - Holy Spirit Monday - "Deftera tou Kataklismou" 15 August - Assumption of Mary Day 1 October - Independence Day 28 October - Greece OHI Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day 31 December - New Year's Eve [edit] Czech Republic Main article: Public holidays in the Czech Republic 1 January - Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State variable date: Easter Monday - Easter is celebrated for two days (Sunday and Monday) 1 May - Labour Day 8 May - Liberation Day 5 July - Saints Cyril and Methodius Day 6 July - Jan Hus Day 28 September - St. Wenceslas Day (Czech Statehood Day) 28 October - Independent Czechoslovak State Day 17 November - Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day 24 December - Christmas Eve; Christmas is celebrated during the evening of the 24th. 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - St. Stephen's Day

[edit] Denmark Main article: Holidays in Denmark 1 January - New Year's Day 9 April - Maundy Thursday 10 April - Good Friday 13 April - Easter Monday 8 May - General Prayer Day 21 May - Ascension Day 1 June - Whit Monday 5 June - Constitution Day 25 December - Jul (Denmark) (Christmas Day) 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Dominican Republic


Main article: Holidays in Dominican Republic 1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Dia de Reyes (Epiphany) 21 January - Dia de la Altagracia 26 January - Duarte Day (Juan Pablo Duarte) 27 February - Independence Day 21 March - Viernes Santo 1 May - Labor Day and Ascension Day 22 May - Corpus Christi 16 August - Dia de la Restauracin (Restoration Day) 24 September - Dia de las Mercedes (Mercedes' Day) 6 November - Constitution Day 5 December - Discovery Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Egypt
Main article: Holidays in Egypt 7 January - Coptic Christmas Day 16 March - Ash Princess Day 25 April - Day of Sinai Liberation (observed in the Sinai only) 1 May - Labour Day 18 June - Evacuation Day 23 July - Revolution Day 6 October - Armed Forces Day

24 October - Suez Victory Day Eid ul-Fitr - variable date (celebrated by Muslims) Eid ul-Adha - variable date (celebrated by Muslims) Islamic New Year - variable date Easter Sunday and Easter Monday - variable date In addition, the following holidays are reserved for observance by Copts, though are not national holidays: 11 September - Coptic New Year's Day

[edit] Estonia
Main article: Public holidays in Estonia

1 January - New Year's Day - (uusaasta) 6 January - Epiphany - (kolmekuningapev) 2 February - Anniversary of the Tartu Peace Treaty - (Tartu rahulepingu aastapev )- Treaty that ended the Estonian War of 24 February - Independence Day - (iseseisvuspev ) - National holiday, that celebrates the Declaration of Independence of 1 14 March - Native Language Day - (emakeelepev) - Kristjan Jaak Peterson's birthday. Moveable Friday - Good Friday - (suur reede) Moveable Sunday - Easter Sunday - (lestusmisphade 1. pha or lihavtted) Moveable Sunday - Mothers' Day - (emadepev) 1 May - May Day - (kevadpha) Moveable - Whitsunday (Pentecost) - (neliphade 1. pha) 4 June - National Flag Day - (Eesti lipu pev ) - Date when the Flag of Estonia was first consecrated in 1884. 14 June - Day of Mourning and Commemoration - (leinapev ) Commemorating the victims of Soviet deportations in 1941 a 23 June - Victory Day - (vidupha ) - Celebrates the victory in the Battle of Vnnu during the Estonian War of Independence 24 June - St. John's Day or Midsummer Day - (jaanipev ) 20 August - Day of Restoration of Independence - (taasiseseisvumispev ) - Celebrates Estonia's restoration of independenc 22 September - Resistance Day - (vastupanuvitluse pev )- Otto Tief's attempt to restore the Estonian independence in 194 2 November - All Souls' Day - (hingedepev) Moveable Sunday - Fathers' Day - (isadepev) 16 November - Day of Declaration of Sovereignty - (taassnni pev ) - Estonian Declaration of Sovereignty, which was issued 24 December - Christmas Eve - (jululaupev) 25 December - Christmas Day - (esimene julupha) 26 December - Boxing Day - (teine julupha)

[edit] European Union


Main article: Holidays in the European Union

The European Union does not have official holiday days. These are under the control of member states. Europe Day, however Europe Day

[edit] Fiji
Main article: Public holidays in Fiji 1 January - New Year's Day 2 April - Prophet Muhammad's Birthday 6 April - Good Friday 7 April - Easter Saturday 9 April - Easter Monday 4 May - National Youth Day 28 May - Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna Day 18 June - Queen's Birthday 8 October - Fiji Day 9 November - Diwali 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day [edit] Finland Main article: Holidays in Finland Date English Name Local Name Remarks

New Uudenvuo 1-Jan Year's Day denpiv Loppiaine 6-Jan Epiphany n The Friday before Pitkperja Easter ntai Sunday Psiine n The day 2. after psiisp Easter iv Sunday See Walpurgis Vappu Night

Moveable Friday Moveable Sunday

Good Friday Easter Sunday

Moveable Easter Monday Monday

1-May May Day

Friday between 19 June and 25 June Saturday between 20 June and 26 June

Non official however a de Midsumm Juhannus facto full er Eve aatto holiday

Midsumm er Day Juhannus

Saturday between 31 October Moved and 6 All Saints' Pyhinpi from 1 November Day v November Independ Itsenisyy 6-Dec ence Day spiv Non official however a de Christmas Jouluaatt facto full 24-Dec Eve o holiday Christmas 25-Dec Day Joulu Boxing Tapaninp 26-Dec Day iv Official holidays names follow the All Liturgical Sundays year [edit] France Main article: Holidays in France 1 January - Jour de l'an - New Year's Day April - Lundi de Pques - Easter Monday 1 May - Fte du travail - Labour Day 8 May - Victoire 1945 - VE Day

May - Ascension - 40 days after Easter 14 July - "14 juillet" - Bastille Day 15 August - Assomption - Assumption of Mary 1 November - Toussaint - All Saints 11 November - Armistice 1918 - Armistice Day 25 December - Nol - Christmas Day

[edit] Georgia
Main article: Public holidays in Georgia 1 January - New Year 7 January - Eastern Orthodox Christmas Day 19 January - Eastern Orthodox Epiphany 3 March - Mother's Day variable date - Easter 9 April - Day of National Unity 9 May - 1945 Victory Day 26 May - Independence Day 28 August - Assumption of Mary 14 October - Svetitskhovloba 23 November - St George's Day [edit] Germany Main article: Public holidays in Germany [edit] Greece Main article: Public holidays in Greece 1 January - New Year's Day (Local name: Protochronia) 6 January - Epiphany Day (Local name: Ton Foton) 25 March - Greek Independence Day (Local name: Tou Evangelismou) movable feast - [Lent [Clean] Monday]] (Local name: Kathari Deftera) movable feast - Good Friday (Local name: Megali Paraskevi) movable feast - Easter Monday (Local name: Deftera tou Pascha) movable feast - Holy Spirit Day (Local name: Agiou Pneumatos) 1 May - Labor Day (Local name: Protomayia) 15 August - Assumption of Mary (Local name: Kimisi ths Theotokou) 28 October - Greek National Day (Local name: Epetios tou Ohi) 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day (Local name: Hristougenna) 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Greenland
1 January - New Year's Day (Protochronia) 6 January - Epiphany Day (Ton Foton) 9 April - Maundy Thursday 10 April - Good Friday 13 April - Easter Monday 8 May - General Prayer Day (Store Bededag) 21 May - Ascension Day 1 June - Whit Monday 21 June - National Day (Ullortuneq) 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day (Anden Juledag) 31 December - New Year's Eve

[edit] Gibraltar
1 January - New Year's Day second Monday of March - Commonwealth Day 21 March - Good Friday - variable 24 March - Easter Monday - variable 5 May - May Day - nearest next Monday 26 May - Spring Bank Holiday - last Monday of May 18 June - Queen's Birthday - variable 25 August - Late Summer Bank Holiday - last Monday of August 10 September - Gibraltar National Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Guatemala
1 January - New Year's Day March or April - Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday 26 April - Secretary's Day Only Secretaries 1 May - Labour Day, May Day 10 May - Mother's Day 17 June - Father's Day 30 June - Army Day 15 September - Independence Day 20 October - Revolution Day 1 November - All Saint's Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day

31 December - New Year's Eve

In addition the local festivities are considered official holidays in the specific municipalities. Most holidays are patron saint's d 15 August - Assumption of Mary (Guatemala City only) Source, Guatemalan Labour Code, Guatemalan Official Holidays.

[edit] Haiti
1 January - Independence Day 2 January - Ancestry Day 6 January - Les Rois (the kings) 16 February - Carnival (Mardi Gras, lasts a week though only one day is an official holiday.) 7 April - Death of Toussaint L'Ouverture 1 May- Labour Day 18 May - Flag Day 22 May - Sovereignty and Thanksgiving Day* 30 May _ Mother's Day (Celebrating always on the last Sunday in May) 7 June - Corpus Christi Early July - Pilgrimage of St. D'Eau* 15 August - Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 17 October - October Death of Jean-Jacques Dessalines 1 November - All Saints Day 2 November - All Souls Day 18 November - Vertieres Day 5 December - Discovery of Haiti 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day Folk religion holidays are available on the Vodou page.

[edit] Honduras
1 January - New Years Day 3 February - Day of the Virgin of Suyapa March or April - Good Friday, Easter, Easter Monday 14 April - Day of the Americas 1 May - Labour Day 10 September - International day of the children 15 September - Independence Day 3 October - Morazn Day 12 October - Columbus Day 21 October - Armed Forces Day 24 December - Christmas Eve

25 December - Christmas Day [edit] Hong Kong 1 January - New Year's Day First day to third day of the first month in the Chinese lunar calendar - Lunar New Year 4 April/5 April - Ching Ming Festival Good Friday Day following Good Friday Easter Monday 1 May - Labour Day Eighth day of the fourth moon in the Chinese lunar calendar - Buddha's Birthday Fifth day of the fifth moon in the Chinese lunar calendar - Duanwu Festival or Tuen Ng Festival 1 July - Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day Sixteenth day of the eighth moon in the Chinese lunar calendar - Day following Mid-Autumn Festival 1 October - National Day of the People's Republic of China Ninth day of the ninth moon in the Chinese lunar calendar - Chung Yeung Festival 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Day following Christmas [edit] Hungary Main article: Public holidays in Hungary . 1 January - New Year's Day 15 March - 1848 Revolution Day Moveable - Easter Monday 1 May - Labour Day Moveable - Pentecost 20 August - St. Stephen Day 23 October - 1956 Memorial Day 1 November - All Saints Day 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day [edit] India Main article: Holidays in India

The Union Government designates national holidays which are generally observed all over the country, although they are ma Public Holidays as specified by the Union Government (generally observed in the entire Union): 1 January - New Year 26 January - Republic Day: Marks the adoption of the Constitution.

1 May - Labour day 15 August - Independence Day: Marks the day India achieved independence from the United Kingdom 10 September Eid ul-Fitr (calculated) 2 October - Gandhi Jayanti: Birth Day of Mahatma Gandhi 19 October - Diwali: Ram returned to his kingdom after defeating Ravan Diwali 14 November - Childrens day: Nehru birthday 16 November to November 19 Eid al-Adha (calculated) 25 December - Christmas

India is a multicultural and multireligious society and celebrates holidays and festivals of various religions. In addition to natio

[edit] Indonesia
Main article: Public holidays in Indonesia 1 January - New Year's Day January to February - Chinese New Year March to May - Prophet Muhammad's Birthday Balinese Day of Silence (Nyepi) March to April Good Friday May - Vesak Day May - Ascension Day of Jesus Christ July - Isra and Mi'Raj 17August - Independence Day 25 December - Christmas Day 19January-Muharram 1Syawal - Idul Fitri

[edit] Iran
Main article: holidays in Iran [edit] Ireland Main article: public holidays in the Republic of Ireland

[edit] Israel
See Holidays and events in Israel for a short list. See Jewish holidays for background information. See Jewish holidays 2000-2050 for the exact dates on the Gregorian calendar. [edit] Italy

Main article: Holidays in Italy 1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Epiphany (variable) - Easter Sunday (variable) - Easter Monday 25 April - Liberation Day 1 May - International Labour Day 2 June - Anniversary of the Republic 15 August - Ferragosto or Assumption of Mary 1 November - All Saints' Day 8 December - Immaculate Conception 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Saint Stephen [edit] Japan Main article: Holidays of Japan

[edit] Jordan
Main article: Public holidays in Jordan

[edit] Kazakhstan
Main article: Public holidays in Kazakhstan 1 January - New Year's Day 7 January - Orthodox Christmas 8 March - International Women's Day 22 March - Nauryz Meyrami (Traditional Spring Holiday) 1 May - Kazakhstan People's Unity Day 9 May - Victory Day 30 August - Constitution Day 17 November - Eid al-Adha/Kurban Ait (Feast of the Sacrifice) (date changes according to the Muslim lunar calendar) 16 December - 17 December - Independence Day

[edit] Kenya
1 January - New Year's Day Good Friday Easter Sunday Easter Monday 1 May - Labour day or May day

1 June - Madaraka Day (Kenya attained Internal self rule) 10 October - Holiday, Was Moi Day. 20 October - Kenyatta Day 6 November - Obama Day (2008) 12 December - Jamhuri Day (Commemorates Kenya's establishment as a republic - 1964) 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day When an official holiday falls on a Sunday, the following Monday will be an official holiday.

[edit] Kyrgyzstan
Main article: List of public holidays in Kyrgyzstan 1 January - New Year's Day 7 January - Russian Orthodox Christmas 8 March - Women's Day 21 March - Nooruz, Iranian spring festival 1 May - Labor Day 5 May - Constitution Day 8 May - Remembrance Day 9 May - Victory Day (end of World War II) 31 August - Independence Day First Sunday in October - Teachers' Day

[edit] Latvia
Main article: Holidays in Latvia

[edit] Lebanon
1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Epiphany 9 February - Saint Maroun's Day 9 March - Teacher's Day 21 March - Mother's Day 25 March - Feast of the Annunciation moveable - Good Friday movealbe - Easter Sunday, Easter Monday 23 April - Saint George's Day 1 May - Labour Day 25 May - Liberation of the South 21 June - Father's Day 19 July - Saint Charbel's Day

20 July - Saint Elias's Day 15 August - Assumption Day 8 September - Nativity Of Our Lady moveable - Eid ul-Fitr - The end of Ramadan on the 1st ofShawwal. moveable - Eid ul-Adha - The 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja. 1 November - All Saint's Day 22 November - Independence Day 4 December - Saint Barbara's Day or Eid il-Burbara 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Liberia
1 January - New Year's Day 11 February - Armed Forces Day 10 March - Decoration Day 15 March - President J.J. Robert's Birthday 9 April - Fast and Prayer Day 14 May - Unification Day 26 July - Independence Day 24 August - National Flag Day 4 November - Thanksgiving Day 29 November - President William V.S. Tubman's Birthday 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Liechtenstein
Main article: Public holidays in Liechtenstein 1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Epiphany 2 February - Candlemas 19 March - Saint Joseph's Day moveable - Easter Monday 1 May - May Day moveable - Ascension Day moveable - Whit Monday moveable - Corpus Christi 15 August - Assumption Day 8 September - Nativity Of Our Lady 1 November - All Saints Day 8 December - Immaculate Conception 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - St. Stephen's Day

[edit] Lithuania
Main article: public holidays in Lithuania 1 January - New Year's Day 16 February - Independence Day, commemorating the recovery of national independence in 1918 11 March - Independence Restoration Day, commemorating the recovery of national independence in 1990 23 March - Easter Sunday 24 March - Easter Monday 1 May - Labour Day 4 May - Mother's Day (First Sunday of May) 1 June - Father's Day (First Sunday of June) 24 June - St. John's Day 6 July - Mindaugas' Coronation Day - Day of the State 15 August - Assumption Day 1 November - All Saints Day 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Second Christmas Day

[edit] Luxembourg
1 January - New Year's Day 15 February - Carnival (only celebrated in the city of Luxembourg) 2 April - Good Friday 5 April - Easter Monday 1 May - May Day / Labour Day 13 May - Ascension Day 24 May - White Monday 23 June - National Day 15 August - Assumption Day 1 September - Luxembourg City Fete (only celebrated in the city of Luxembourg) 1 November - All Saints Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - St. Stephen's Day (All dates are for 2010)

[edit] Republic of Macedonia


Main article: Public holidays in the Republic of Macedonia 1 January - New Year's Day 7 January - Christmas

19 January - Vodici 1 May - Labor Day 24 May - St.Kiril and Metodij 2 August - Ilinden, Republic Day 8 September - Independence Day 11 October - Uprising Day 23 October - Day of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle 8 December - St.Kliment Ohridski variable - Easter (Good Friday and Easter Monday) variable - Ramadan

[edit] Malaysia
See Holidays in Malaysia for the complete list and explanation of each festival. December to January - Awal Muharram 1 January - New Year's Day 30 January -Thaipusam 14 and 15 February - Chinese New Year March to May - Prophet Muhammad's Birthday (Falls in the 3rd month of the Muslim calendar) 1 May - Labour Day - Workers' Day May - Wesak Day First Saturday of June - King's Birthday 31 August - Hari Merdeka (Independence Day) October to early November - Hari Raya Puasa Late October to mid November - Deepavali Awal Muharram Islamic New Year December - Hari Raya Haji (Falls on the 10th day of 12th month of the Muslim calendar) 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Malta
Public holidays 1 January - New Year's Day 10 February - Saint Paul's Shipwreck 19 March - Feast of Saint Joseph 31 March - Freedom Day Friday before Easter Sunday - Good Friday 1 May - Feast of St. Joseph the Worker 7 June - Sette Giugno 29 June - Feast of Saints Peter and Paul (Mnarja) 15 August - Feast of the Assumption of Our Lady 8 September - Victory Day 21 September - Independence Day

8 December - Feast of the Immaculate Conception 13 December - Republic Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day School Holidays Last two days of Carnival (Monday and Tuesday) First Wednesday after Easter - Saint Gregory Day 1 November - All Saints' Day 2 November - All Souls' Day

[edit] Mauritius
1 & 2 January - New Year's Days - Public Holiday 30 January - Thaipoosam Cavadee(Tamil Festival) - Public Holiday 1 Febuary - Abolition of Slavery - Public Holiday 12 Febuary - Maha Shivaratree(Hindu Festival) - Public Holiday 14 Febuary - Chinese Spring Festival - Public Holiday 12 March - National Day - Public Holiday 16 March - Ougadi(Telegu Festival) - Public Holiday 1 May - Labour Day - Public Holiday 15 August - Assumption of the Virgin Mary(Christian Festival) - Public Holiday 10 September - Eid ul-Fitr (Muslim Festival) - Public Holiday 12 September - Ganesh Chaturthi (Marathi Festival) - Public Holiday 2 November - Arrival of Indentured Labourers - Public Holiday 5 November - Divali(Hindu Festival) - Public Holiday 25 December - Christmas Day - Public Holiday [edit] Mexico Public holidays 1 January - New Year's Day 6 January- Three Kings' Day 5 February - Da de la Constitucin 21 March - Natalicio de Benito Jurez 1 May - Da del Trabajo 5 May - Battle of Puebla 16 September - Da de Independencia (Mexican independence day) 1 November2 - Dia de Muertos (Day of the Dead) 20 November - Da de la Revolucin 25 December - Christmas Day Religious holidays

Maundy Thursday - Thursday before Easter Sunday Good Friday - Friday before Easter Sunday 12 December - Our Lady of Guadalupe's day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day

[edit] Montenegro
Public holidays 1 January - New Year's Day - Nova godina 6 January - Christmas Eve - Badnje vee Variable date - Easter - Vaskrs 7 January - Christmas Day - Boid 1 May - Labour Day - Meunarodni praznik rada 21 May - Independence Day - Dan nezavisnosti 13 July - Statehood Day - Dan dravnosti

[edit] Myanmar
Main article: Public holidays in Myanmar 4 January - Independence Day 12 February - Union Day 2 March - Peasants' Day 27 March -Armed Forces Day 1120 April - New Year Long Holidays 1 May - World Labour Day May^ (Full Moon of Kason) - Buddha's Birthday June^ (Full Moon of Waso) - Beginning of Buddhist Lent 19 July - Martyr's Day October^ (Full Moon of Thadingyut) - End of Buddhist Lent November^ (Full Moon of Tazaungdaing) - Tazaungdaing Festival November^ - National Day (10th waning day of Tazaungmone) 25 December - Christmas Day Depavali (Hindi Religious Holiday) - [Will Declare before that day] Karen New Year Day - [Depend on the lunar calendar: around Christmas] ^ Based on Burmese calendar

[edit] Namibia
21 March - Independence Day April - Good Friday

April - Easter Monday 1 May - Workers' Day 4 May - Cassinga Day 29 April - Ascension Day 25 May - Africa Day 26 August - Heroes' Day 10 December - Human Rights Day 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Family Day [edit] The Netherlands

1 January - New Year's Day April/March - Good Friday. Friday before Easter. Predominantly observed by (semi)governmental organizations and banks. April/March - Easter. The Dutch celebrate two days of Easter (on Sunday and the subsequent Monday). 30 April - Queen's Day. Birthday of Queen-Mother Juliana and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter and current m 4 May - Remembrance of the Dead 5 May - Liberation Day. Celebrated every year, but as of 2000, an official holiday once every 5 years. 40 days after Easter - Ascension Day 7 weeks after Easter - Pentecost. The Dutch celebrate two days of Pentecost (on Sunday and the subsequent Monday). 5 December - Saint Nicholas' Eve. Unofficial but widely observed. 25 December and 26 December - Christmas See the complete list and descriptions of public holidays in the Netherlands. [edit] New Zealand 1 January and 2 January - New Year's Day and the day following. (Mondayised) 6 February - Waitangi Day - The day the Treaty of Waitangi was signed. (Has also been known as New Zealand Day) Easter - Good Friday, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday, and in some cases Easter Tuesday 25 April - ANZAC Day (also Australia) First Monday in June - Queen's Birthday Fourth Monday in October - Labour Day 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day (Mondayised) Provincial Anniversary Day. Date varies depending on locality. (most are Mondayised) See Holidays in New Zealand.

[edit] Nepal
1 January - New Year's Day 14 and 15 January - Makar Sankranti 20 January - Saraswati Puja 12 February - Maha Shivaratri 24 February - Education Day

28 February and 1 March - Phagu Purnima 14 April - Nepali New Year 24 August - Raksha Bandhan 25 August - Gaijatra 1 September - Krishna Janmashtami 11 September - Dar Khane Din 4 to 7 November - Diwali [edit] Norway See Holidays in Norway.

[edit] Pakistan
Main article: List of holidays in Pakistan Public Holidays given according to Gregorian Calendar 5 February Kashmir Day - National Solidarity Day (1990) 23 March - Pakistan Islamic Republic Day (1956) 1 May - Labour Day 14 August - Independence Day (1947) 6 September - Defence Day (1965) 9 November - Birthday of Sir Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Iqbal Day) (1877) 25 December - Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam (Jinnah Day) (1876) / Christmas Public Holidays given according to Hijri Calendar Muharram 9 - Ashura Muharram 10 - Ashura Rabi' al-awwal 12 - Eid Milad-un-Nabi Shawwal 1 - Eid ul-Fitr Shawwal 2 - Eid ul-Fitr Shawwal 3 - Eid ul-Fitr Dhu al-Hijjah 10 - Eid ul-Adha Dhu al-Hijjah 11 - Eid ul-Adha Dhu al-Hijjah 12 - Eid ul-Adha

[edit] Panama
1 January - New Year's Day 9 January - Martyr's Day (Dia de los Martires) Day Before Ash Wednesday - Mardi Gras March or April - Good Friday 1 May - Labor Day

3 November - Separation (Colombia) 4 November - Flag Day 5 November - Colon 10 November - Grito de Independencia 28 November - Independence (Spain) 8 December - Mother's Day 25 December - Christmas Day The date the Elected-President starts his/her term in office (Presidential Inauguration Day)

[edit] Peru
1 January - New Year Easter - Good Friday, Easter Sunday 1 May - Labour Day 29 June - Feast of Saints Peter and Paul 28 July, 29 July - Independence Day 30 August - Saint Rose of Lima 8 October - Naval Battle of Angamos 1 November - All Saints' Day 8 December - Immaculate Conception 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day [edit] Philippines Main article: Public holidays in the Philippines

(Most holidays are subject to "Holiday Economics" program; the non-working holiday is moved to the nearest Monday before Fixed Holidays

1 January - New Year's Day (Araw ng Bagong Taon) 25 February - People Power Day - Commemorates the People Power Revolution of 1986 9 April- Day of Valour / Bataan Day (Araw ng Kagitingan ) - Commemorates the Bataan Death March 1 May - Labor Day (Araw ng Manggagawa) 12 June - Independence Day (Araw ng Kasarinlan ) - Commemorates the Philippine Declaration of Independence 27 July - Iglesia ni Cristo Day 21 August - Ninoy Aquino Day (Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Ninoy Aquino ) - Commemorates the martyrdom of Benigno Aquino 30 August - National Heroes' Day (Araw ng mga Bayani) 1 November - All Saints' Day (Todos los Santos / Undas / Araw ng mga Namayapa ) - Special Non-working public holiday; co 30 November - Bonifacio Day (Kaarawan ni Bonifacio ) - Regular public holiday; Commemorates the life of Andres Bonifacio 25 December - Christmas Day (Araw ng Pasko) 30 December - Rizal Day (Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Dr. Jose Rizal ) - Commemorates the martyrdom of Jos Rizal in 1896 31 December - New Year's Eve (Bisperas ng Bagong Taon) - Special non-working holiday "Drifting" Holidays (listed according to date as of 2008) :

7 February (2008) Date varies, based on the Chinese calendar- Chinese New Year 20 March (2008) - Maundy Thursday (Huwebes Santo) 21 March (2008) - Good Friday (Biyernes Santo) 22 March (2008) - Black Saturday(Sabado de Gloria) 23 March (2008) - Easter Sunday (Linggo ng Pagkabuhay) 1 October (2008) - Date varies, based on Islamic calendar - End of Ramadan (Eid ul-Fitr / Wakas ng Ramadan ) City Fiestas Cities and municipalities have City Fiestas in honor of the patron saint of the place and certain cities add the City [edit] Poland

See Public holidays in Poland for background information. (Note that there are also a number of days designated as national h 1 January - New Year's Day Easter Sunday Easter Monday 1 May - Labour Day 3 May - Constitution Day Pentecost Sunday Corpus Christi 15 August - Assumption of Mary 1 November - All Saints' Day 11 November - Independence Day 25 December - 1st day of Christmas 26 December - 2nd day of Christmas [edit] Portugal See Holidays in Portugal for background information.

1 January - New Year's Day Carnival (Facultative) Good Friday Easter 25 April - Carnation Revolution 1 May - Labour Day Corpus Christi 10 June - National Day 15 August - Assumption of Mary 5 October - Republic Day (Implantation of the Republic) 1 November - All Saints' Day 1 December - Restoration of Independence 8 December - Immaculate Conception 25 December - Christmas Day Additionally, all townships have their own local holiday, called "feriado municipal", where all public and private business are

[edit] Puerto Rico


All the same national holidays of the U.S.A., plus:

6 January - (Dia de Reyes, or Three Kings Day) Second Monday in January - Birth of Eugenio Mara de Hostos Good Friday Third Monday in April - Birth of Jose de Diego (poet, journalist, politician, and orator. Was co-founder of Unionist Party). 22 March - (Abolition of Slavery in P.R.) Third Monday in July - Birth of Luis Muoz Rivera (political leader,author, journalist, organized the Federal Party and the Un 25 July - Estado Libre Asociado Constitution Day 27 July - Birth of Jose Celso Barbosa (physician, senator, author, journalist, politician, founder of the pro-statehood Republic 19 November - Discovery Day - Commemorates the discovery of the island by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage t

[edit] Romania
Main article: Holidays in Romania 1 January - (New Year's Day). Public holiday 2 January - (Day after New Year's Day). Public holiday 8 March - (International Women's Day) 19 April - (Orthodox Easter Day). Public holiday 20 April - (Orthodox Easter Monday). Public holiday 1 May - (Labor Day / May Day). Public holiday 1 June - (Children's Day) 7 June - (Whit Sunday). Public holiday 8 June - (Whitsuntide Day). Public holiday 26 June - (Flag Day) 29 July - (National Anthem Day) 15 August - (Assumption Day / The Day of the Virgin Mary). Public holiday 1 December - (Union Day / National Day). Public holiday 8 December - (Constitution Day) 25 December - (Christmas Day). Public holiday 26 December - (Day after Christmas Day / Boxing Day). Public holiday [edit] Russia Main article: Public holidays in Russia

[edit] Saudi Arabia


23 September - National Day (unification of the kingdoms Nejd and Hejaz 1932) Eid ul-Fitr - The end of Ramadan on the 1st of Shawwal. Eid Al-Adha - The 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja.

[edit] Serbia
January 12 - New Year's Day 7 January - Christmas Day 13 January - Eastern Orthodox Church New Year's Eve-(working day, not public holiday) 27 January - Saint Sava (non working for schools only) 15 February - National Day (Sretenje) Relative date - Good Friday. Friday before Easter Relative date - Easter Relative date - Easter Monday. Monday after Easter 1 May-2 May - Labour Day 28 June - Vidovdan (working day, not public holiday) Slavas: 14 January - Sveti Vasilije (Saint Vasilis) 20 January - Jovanjdan (Saint John) 6 May - Djurdjevdan (Saint George) 24 June - Saint Vartolomej and Varnava 12 July - Petrovdan (Saint Peter) 2 August - Sveti Ilija (Saint Elias) 27 October - Sveta Petka 8 November - Mitrovdan (Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki) 21 November - Aranelovdan (Saint Archangel Michael) 19 December - Sveti Nikola (Saint Nicolas)

[edit] Singapore
Public Holidays 1 January - New Year's Day 1415 February - 1st 2 days of Chinese Lunar New Year - Chinese New Year Friday before Easter Sunday - Good Friday. The Crucifixion of Christ. 1 May - Labour Day ?4th month of the Chinese Lunar Calendar - Vesak Day. Celebrating Buddha's birthday. 9 August - Singapore National Day. Singapore celebrating its independence. 10th month of the Muslim calendar - Hari Raya Puasa : Muslim "Celebration of Fasting" Holiday. Twenty days after Dussehra - Deepavali. or Diwali means "Festival of lights" holiday. 10th day of 12th month of the Muslim calendar- Hari Raya Haji. Muslim "End of Pilgrimage" Holiday. 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day Other Holidays 1 September - Teacher's Day. Not a public holiday. (Usually a floating half-day for primary, secondary and Pre-U students)

1 October - Children's Day. Not a public holiday. (Only applicable to primary, secondary and Pre-U students) Note

If a holiday falls on a Sunday, the following workday will be a public holiday. If it falls on a Saturday, there will be no holiday

[edit] Slovakia
Main article: Public holidays in Slovakia

[edit] Slovenia
12 January - New Year 8 February - Culture Day (variable) Easter and Easter Monday 27 April - National Resistance Day 12 May - International Labour Day 25 June - National Day 15 August - Assumption of the Blessed Virgin 31 October - Reformation Day 1 November - Remembrance Day 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Independence Day See Holidays in Slovenia.

[edit] Solomon Islands


Main article: Public holidays in the Solomon Islands [edit] South Africa Main article: Public holidays in South Africa 1 January - New Year's Day 21 March - Human Rights Day Sharpeville massacre The Friday - before Easter Sunday Good Friday The Monday - following Easter Sunday Family Day 27 April - Freedom Day 1 May - Workers' Day 16 June - [Youth Day] Soweto uprising 9 August - National Women's Day 24 September - Heritage Day 16 December - Day of Reconciliation 25 December - Christmas Day

26 December - Day of Goodwill [edit] South Korea Main article: Public holidays in South Korea [edit] Spain Main article: Public holidays in Spain

[edit] Sri Lanka


Tamil Thai Pongal Day

15-Jan Tuesday

*#

22-Jan Tuesday 4-Feb Monday

Duruthu Full Moon Poya Day ( ) *# National Day *#

Navam Full Moon Poya Day Wednesda ( 20-Feb y ) *# Maha Sivarathri 6-Mar Thursday Day * Milad-UnNabi (Holy Prophets 20-Mar Thursday Birthday) *

21-Mar Friday 21-Mar Friday

Medin Full Moon Poya Day ( ) *# Good Friday *

12-Apr Saturday

Day prior to Sinhala and Tamil New Year Day ( ) *#

13-Apr

18-Apr

19-Apr 1-May

Sinhala and Tamil New Year Day ( Sunday ) Additional Bank Friday Holiday Bak Full Moon Poya Day ( Saturday ) Thursday May Day

*#

*# *#

19-May Monday

Wesak Full Moon Poya Day ( ) *# Day following Wesak Full Moon Poya Day *#

20-May Tuesday

Poson Full Moon Poya Day Wednesda ( 18-Jun y ) *#

Esala Full Moon Poya Day ( 17-Jul Thursday ) *#

16-Aug Saturday

Nikini Full Moon Poya Day ( ) *#

14-Sep Sunday

Binara Full Moon Poya Day ( ) *#

Id-Ul-Fitr (Ramazan Wednesda Festival 1-Oct y Day) * Vap Full Moon Poya Day ( ) *# Deepavali Festival Day *

14-Oct Tuesday

27-Oct Monday

Il Full Moon Poya Day Wednesda ( 12-Nov y ) *# Id-UlAllah (Hadji Festival 9-Dec Tuesday Day) *

Unduvap Full Moon Poya Day ( 12-Dec Friday ) *# Wednesda Christmas 24-Dec y Eve *# Christmas 25-Dec Thursday Day *# Public Holiday Bank Holiday # Mercantile Holiday [edit] Sudan 1 January - Independence Day [edit] Sweden Main article: Holidays in Sweden [edit] Switzerland Main article: Public holidays in Switzerland

[edit] Syria
Main article: Public holidays in Syria

[edit] Taiwan
Further information: Holidays in Taiwan 1 January - New Year's Day Holiday

3 January - Bank Holiday 25 January - Chinese New Year's Eve 24 January-1 February - Chinese New Year's Holidays are designated on Lunar Calendar New Year's Eve through the first to t 28 February - Peace Memorial Day 5 April - Tomb Sweeping Day 1 May - Labour Day 28 May - Dragon Boat Festival, which is designated on fifth day of the fifth month of the Lunar Calendar, cited date indicatin 1 July - Bank Holiday 3 October - Moon Festival, which is designated on 15th day of the eighth month of the Lunar Calendar, cited date indicating 10 October - Double Tenth Day

[edit] Tanzania
1 January - New Year's Day 10 January - Eid El Haj 12 January - Zanzibar Revolution Day 7 April - Heroes Day (Zanzibar) 10 April - Maulid Day 14 April - Good Friday 17 April - Easter Monday 26 April - Union Day 1 May - Worker's Day 7 July - Dar Es Salaam - International Trade Fair Day 8 August - Farmer's Day 25 October - Nyerere Day 23 October - Eid El Fitr Celebration 24 October - Eid El Fitr Celebration 9 December - Independence Republic Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day 30 December - Eid El Haj

[edit] Thailand
References to lunar months below are to the Thai lunar calendar 1 January - New Year's Day Chinese New Year (new moon day of third lunar month) Magha Puja Day (full moon day of third lunar month) 6 April - Chakri Memorial Day 1315 April - Songkran Festival 1 May - National Labour Day 5 May - Coronation Day 9May - Royal Ploughing Ceremony

Visakha Puja Day see also Vesak (full moon day of sixth lunar month) Asalha Puja Day (full moon day of eighth lunar month) Buddhist Lent Day "Wan Kao Pansa" (day after full moon day of eighth lunar month) 12 August - H.M. The Queens Birthday End of Buddhist Lent Day "Wan Awk Pansa" (full moon day of eleventh lunar month) 23 October - Chulalongkorn Day Loy Krathong (full moon day of twelfth lunar month) 5 December - H.M. The Kings Birthday 10 December - Constitution Day 31 December - New Year's Eve see also Public holidays in Thailand

[edit] Trinidad and Tobago


Main article: Public holidays in Trinidad and Tobago

[edit] Turkey
Main article: Holidays in Turkey

[edit] Turkmenistan
Main article: Public holidays in Turkmenistan 1 January - New Year's Day 12 January - Memorial Day 19 February - State Flag of Turkmenistan Day 8 March - International Woman's Day March 2021 - Nowruz Bayram, national spring holiday First Sunday in April - "A Drop of WaterA Grain of Gold" Festival Last Sunday in April - Turkmen Racing Horse Festival 8 May - Day of Commemoration of the National Heroes of the 1941-1945 World War 9 May - Victory Day (World War II) May 1819 - Day of Revival, Unity, and the Poetry of Makhtumkuli Last Sunday in May - Turkmen Carpet Festival Third Sunday in July - Galla Bayramy Festival Second Sunday in August - Turkmen Melon Day Second Saturday in September - Day of the Workers in the Oil, Gas, Power, and Geological Industry Second Sunday in September - Turkmen Bakhshi Day 6 October - Day of Commemoration and National Mourning ("Earthquake Commemoration Day") October 2728 - Independence Day First Sunday in November - Health Day Last Sunday in November - Harvest Festival, Good Neighborliness Day 12 December - Day of Neutrality and Day of Student Youth

First day of the lunar month of Bayram - Oraza Bayram Moving holiday (3 days) - Kurban Bayram Source: Turkmenistan to the Heights of the Golden Age , Ashgabat, 2005, p. 44.

[edit] Vietnam

1 January - New Year's Day 9 January- Vietnam student day 3 February - Communist Party's establishment day Tt - Vietnamese New Year, for the last day of the previous year and 1st- 3rd day of the 1st lunar month .Now this becomes 27 February-Vietnam Doctor's Day Gi T Hng Vng - Hng Vng commemoriations, 10th day of the 3rd lunar month. 30 April - Vietnam Liberation Day. 1 May - International Labour Day. 7 May-Dien Bien Phu victory Day 19 May Ho Chi Minh President's birthday 1 JuneInternational children day 27 July invalids and martyrs day 2 September - Independence Day. 20 October -Vietnam Woman's Day 20 November - Vietnam Teacher's Day. 22 December -Vietnam Military Day

[edit] Uganda
1 January - New Year's Day 8 March - International Women's Day 1 May - Labour Day 9 June - Heroes' Day 9 October - Independence Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

[edit] Ukraine
1 January - New Year's Day 7 January - Orthodox Christmas 8 March - International Women's Day Orthodox Easter Holy Trinity Day (Triytsya) - Orthodox Pentecost 1 May & 2 - Labour Days 9 May - Victory Day 28 June - Constitution Day

24 August - Independence Day Religious holidays are observed according to the Julian calendar, but the dates shown above are Gregorian. When a public holiday falls on a day off (for example, Sunday), the following working day (often Monday) becomes a day off.

If only one or only two working days are between a public holiday and another day off, then the Ukrainian Government may r

[edit] United Kingdom and Crown dependencies


See also: Public holidays in the United Kingdom

1 January - New Year's Day 2 January - (Scotland Only) 17 March - St Patrick's Day Northern Ireland only Good Friday Easter Monday - (not Scotland) Early May Bank Holiday (first Monday in May) 9 May - Liberation Day (Jersey, Guernsey) Spring Bank Holiday (last Monday in May) - See Bank Holiday 1st or 2nd Saturday in June - Queen's Official Birthday (not an official public holiday as it is already on a non-working day) 5 July - Tynwald Day (Isle of Man) 12 July - Battle of the Boyne, otherwise known as "Orangeman's Day" and, more popularly, "The Twelfth". Northern Ireland August Bank Holiday - Scotland (First Monday in August) August Bank Holiday - England and Wales (Last Monday in August) 25 December - Christmas Day 26 December - Boxing Day

In Scotland, the holidays listed above are official bank holidays and may not be public holidays. Public holidays are set by loca [edit] 2012

As part of events intended to mark the Queen's Diamond Jubilee, the usual spring bank holiday on the last Monday of May is [edit] United States of America See Public holidays in the United States for background information.

The United States federal government designates national holidays (see below) for federal employees only. State and local go A basic list of holidays as seen on a 2010 calendar: 1 January - New Year's Day 18 January - Martin Luther King, Jr. Day (3rd Monday of January, traditionally Jan. 15) 2 February - Groundhog Day 12 February - Lincoln's Birthday

14 February - Valentine's Day 15 February - Presidents Day (officially George Washington's Birthday; 3rd Monday of February, traditionally Feb. 22) 16 February - Fat Tuesday (always the day before Lent starts) 17 February - Ash Wednesday (Christian; movable; First day of the 40-day Lent Season - ending Palm Sunday) 17 March - St. Patrick's Day (Originating in Ireland) 20 March - Vernal Equinox (based on sun) 28 March - Palm Sunday (Christian; Sunday before Easter) 29 March - First day of Passover (Jewish; movable based on Jewish calendar) 30 March - National Doctors' Day (always on March 30) [2] 1 April - April Fools' Day 2 April - Good Friday (Christian; Friday before Easter) 4 April - Easter Sunday (Christian; movable; Sunday after first full moon during spring) 5 April - Easter Monday (Christian; Monday after Easter) 6 April - Last Day of Passover (Jewish; moveable, based on Jewish Calendar) 19 April - Patriot's Day/Marathon Monday (New England and Wisconsin only)(3rd Monday of April) 22 April - Earth Day 30 April - Arbor Day (last Friday of April) 5 May - Cinco De Mayo (Mexican holiday often observed in US) 6 May - National Day of Prayer (United States Congress, when people are asked "to turn to God in prayer and meditation".) 9 May - Mother's Day (2nd Sunday of May) 15 May - Armed Forces Day (3rd Saturday in May) 23 May - Pentecost Sunday (Christian; 49 days after Easter) 31 May - Memorial Day (last Monday of May, traditionally 30 May) 14 June - Flag Day 20 June - Father's Day (3rd Sunday of June) 21 June - Summer Solstice (based on sun) 4 July - Independence Day 12 August - First day of Ramadan (Islamic, moveable based on Lunar calendar) 6 September - Labor Day (first Monday of September) 8 September - Rosh Hashanah (Jewish; moveable, based on Jewish calendar) 10 September - Last day of Ramadan (Islamic, moveable based on Lunar calendar) 11 September - Eid-al-Fitr/Day after the end of Ramadan (Islamic, moveable, based on lunar calendar) 11 September - Patriot Day 17 September - Constitution Day - Celebration of the ratification of the Constitution of the United States. 17 September - Yom Kippur (Jewish, moveable, 9 days after first day of Rosh Hashanah) 22 September - First day of Sukkot (Jewish; moveable, 14 days after Rosh Hashanaah) 23 September - Autumnal equinox (based on sun) 29 September - Last Day of Sukkot (Jewish) 30 September - Simchat Torah (Jewish; moveable, 22 days after Rosh Hashanah) 9 October - Leif Erikson Day 11 October - Columbus Day (2nd Monday of October, traditionally Oct. 12) 31 October - Halloween 1 November - All Saints Day (Christian) 11 November - Veterans Day 25 November - Thanksgiving (4th Thursday of November) 26 November - Black Friday (Friday after Thanksgiving Day)

1 December - First day of Hanukkah (Jewish; moveable, based on Jewish calendar) 7 December - Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day 9 December - Last day of Hanukkah (Jewish; moveable, based on Jewish Calendar) 21 December - Winter Solstice (based on sun) 24 December - Christmas Eve (Christian) 25 December - Christmas Day (Christian) 26 December - First day of Kwanzaa (Kwanzaa is celebrated until 1 January) 31 December - New Year's Eve

The federal holidays (which are days off from work for federal employees) are New Years Day, Martin Luther King Day, Presid

When a federal holiday falls on Sunday, most federal workers who work a Mon-Fri workweek will observe the holiday on Mon

In state and local governments, and in the private sector, practices vary when a holiday falls on Saturday or Sunday. In genera [edit] Uzbekistan Main article: Public holidays in Uzbekistan Fixed date Jan. 1 - Yangi Yil Bayrami New Year Holiday Mar. 8 - Xalqaro Xotin-Qizlar Kuni International Womens Day Mar. 21 - Navroz Bayrami Navroz (Persian New Year) 9 May - Xotira va Qadirlash Kuni Memorial/Remembrance Day Sept. 1 - Mustaqillik Kuni Independence Day Oct. 1 - Oqituvchi va Murabbiylar Kuni Teachers Day Dec. 8 - Konstitutsiya Kuni Constitution Day Birthdays' Variable date End of Ramazon Ramazon Hayit Eid al-Fitr 70 days later Qurbon Hayit Eid al-Adha

[edit] Uruguay

1 January - New Year's Day 6 January - Three Kings' Day 14 February - Valentine's Day February/March - Carnival March/April - Tourism Week (variable - official name of the Holy Week) 19 April - Landing of the Thirty-Three Orientals 1 May - Labour Day Second Sunday of May - Mother's Day (moved to the third Sunday of May every five years, due to local elections, as of 2010

18 May - Battle of Las Piedras 19 June - Birthday of Jos Gervasio Artigas - Grandparents' Day - Arbor Day - Day of the Never Anymore (holiday regarding t Second Sunday of July - Father's Day 18 July - Constitution Day Second Sunday of August - Children's Day 25 August - Independence Day 12 October - Race Day (official name of the Discovering of Americas) 2 November - Day of the Dead 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Family Day (official name for Christmas) [edit] Zambia 1 January - New Years Day 12 March - Youth Day variable date - Good Friday variable date - Easter Sunday variable date - Easter Monday 1 May - Labour Day 25 May Africa - Freedom Day 1st Monday & Tuesday of July - Heroes' and Unity Day 12 August - Farmers' Day 24 October - Independence Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day [edit] Zimbabwe 18 April - Independence Day 1 May - Workers' Day 25 May - Africa Day 11 August - Heroes' Day 12 August - Armed Forces Day 22 December - Unity Day 24 December - Christmas Eve 25 December - Christmas Day 27 December - Clock Day

d Monday 5th are public holidays.

ays after the Resurrection of Christ

hristmas shopping

king Leopold I

oliday, most companies are closed

he German-speaking Community of Belgium - not a public holiday

of Cup Match)

ovinces; public holiday in British Columbia, public holiday in Atlantic provinces if it falls on a week day.

e Winter Solstice - Late January or February)

o be found in Spanish-language Wikipedia Fiestas de Colombia.

une 2014, 4 June 2015, 26 May 2016, 15 June 2017, 31 May 2018, 20 June 2019, 11 June 2020, 3 June 2021, 16 June 2022

tional holidays:

y that ended the Estonian War of Independence in 1920. Declaration of Independence of 1918.

ecrated in 1884. s of Soviet deportations in 1941 and 1949. the Estonian War of Independence.

onia's restoration of independence in 1991. the Estonian independence in 1944

n of Sovereignty, which was issued in 1989.

mber states. Europe Day, however, is recognised as the shared holiday celebrating the European Union. Europe Day is celebrated by some

Most holidays are patron saint's days.

he country, although they are mandatory only for Union Government institutions. State governments generally specify additional holiday

ed Kingdom

ious religions. In addition to national holidays, many states and regions have local festivals depending on religious and linguistic demogra

he Muslim lunar calendar)

pendence in 1990

mental organizations and banks. ent Monday). her oldest daughter and current monarch Beatrix.

nd the subsequent Monday).

own as New Zealand Day)

ved to the nearest Monday before or after the actual day. Changes to declaration of holidays are subject to government discretion.)

ation of Independence

he martyrdom of Benigno Aquino, Jr.

al Non-working public holiday; commemoration in conjunction with All Souls' Day orates the life of Andres Bonifacio

artyrdom of Jos Rizal in 1896

Wakas ng Ramadan )

ace and certain cities add the City Fiesta as one of their holidays in certain cities around the Philippines

er of days designated as national holidays, but which are not non-working days.)

all public and private business are closed. For instance, 13 June is a municipal holiday in Lisbon. It's Saint Anthony of Lisbon day, protecto

co-founder of Unionist Party).

ized the Federal Party and the Unionist Party of Puerto Rico. Was Resident Commissioner in Washington, where he fought to earn U.S. cit

der of the pro-statehood Republican Party) Columbus on his second voyage to the New World

secondary and Pre-U students)

d Pre-U students)

Saturday, there will be no holiday-in-lieu. For companies that do not operate on Saturdays, usually the following workday (i.e. Monday) w

ew Year's Eve through the first to third day of the first month, cited dates indicating only year 2009

unar Calendar, cited date indicating only year 2009

nar Calendar, cited date indicating only year 2009

st lunar month .Now this becomes one of the most important holidays in Vietnam

e are Gregorian.

ften Monday) becomes a day off. For most Ukrainian employees, regular weekly days off are Saturday and Sunday.

n the Ukrainian Government may release a recommendation to avoid this gap by moving these working days onto a certain Saturday (that

already on a non-working day)

y, "The Twelfth". Northern Ireland only

ays. Public holidays are set by local authorities and therefore vary from place to place, although Christmas, Boxing Day, New Year's Day an

day on the last Monday of May is being moved to Monday 4th June and an extra bank holiday on Tuesday 5th June is being created. The g

employees only. State and local governments generally observe these holidays as well as many State Holidays.

ruary, traditionally Feb. 22)

nding Palm Sunday)

o God in prayer and meditation".)

ar calendar)

e United States.

ay, Martin Luther King Day, Presidents Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, and

ek will observe the holiday on Monday. When a federal holiday falls on Saturday, most federal workers who work a Mon-Fri workweek wi

on Saturday or Sunday. In general, most states and private sector workers will observe a holiday that falls on Sunday on Monday. Howev

, due to local elections, as of 2010)

ever Anymore (holiday regarding the crimes against humanity committed by the Government during 1973 and 1984)

021, 16 June 2022

Europe Day is celebrated by some states on 9 May.

enerally specify additional holidays depending on their demographics. For example, Guru Nanak Jayanti is a holiday in the North Western

n religious and linguistic demographics.[1]

t to government discretion.)

t Anthony of Lisbon day, protector of the city.

n, where he fought to earn U.S. citizenship for Puerto Ricans).

ollowing workday (i.e. Monday) will be an off day. For companies that operate on Saturday, employees usually get off-in-lieu.

days onto a certain Saturday (that is to have uninterrupted vacations, but to compensate this by work on another day, which would be a d

as, Boxing Day, New Year's Day and 2 January and May Day are observed throughout the country. And in fact, banks in Scotland actually o

ay 5th June is being created. The government had agreed to grant an additional bank holiday to provide a focal point for the celebrations.

y, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas Day. The official list can be found here (http://www.opm.gov/Operating_Status_Schedules/

who work a Mon-Fri workweek will observe the holiday on Friday. Workers who normally work on Saturday (such as mail carriers) will obs

alls on Sunday on Monday. However, that is not universal. Some states and private sector workers will observe a Saturday holiday on Frida

73 and 1984)

is a holiday in the North Western states of Haryana and Punjab, and in Delhi, but it is not a holiday in other states and territories where th

usually get off-in-lieu.

n another day, which would be a day off otherwise). Such recommendations usually affect only those employees whose weekly days off a

n fact, banks in Scotland actually observe the English bank holidays, so Scottish bank holidays which differ from the English ones are of litt

a focal point for the celebrations.

gov/Operating_Status_Schedules/fedhol/index.asp). These holidays are not necessarily days off from work for private sector workers. Mo

day (such as mail carriers) will observe the holiday on Saturday; Friday will be a regular work day.

bserve a Saturday holiday on Friday, but that is less common than observing the Sunday holidays on Monday. Occasionally, a state or priv

her states and territories where there is no significant Sikh population.

mployees whose weekly days off are Saturday and Sunday.

er from the English ones are of little practical importance. In Northern Ireland Easter Tuesday is treated as a public holiday in lieu of Good

rk for private sector workers. Most private sector businesses close for only the "Big 6" holidays: New Years Day, Memorial Day, Independ

nday. Occasionally, a state or private sector worker will observe a Saturday holiday on Monday, but that is even less common than Friday

as a public holiday in lieu of Good Friday.

ars Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas Day. Many also close on the Friday after Thanksgiving

t is even less common than Friday. Many state workers and private sector workers (in particular, employees at a bank normally closed on

e on the Friday after Thanksgiving (aka Black Friday), which is not an official holiday, but is commonly granted to private sector workers. S

yees at a bank normally closed on Saturdays) do not get any day off when a holiday falls on Saturday, and are "cheated" out of the holiday

anted to private sector workers. Some private businesses may also close for one or more other federal holidays (most commonly either M

d are "cheated" out of the holiday. Occasionally, a floating holiday may be given in lieu of a Saturday holiday.

holidays (most commonly either Martin Luther King Day, or Presidents Day).

1-Jan Japanese New Year, 3 Act of Union Between Great Britain and Ireland Creates the United Kingdom, 4 Mary Shelleys Frankenstein Is Published, 4 Commonwealth of Australia Comes into Being, 5 Republic of China Is Founded, 6 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Takes Effect, 6 Unified Currency in Europe Is Adopted, 6 Cuban Liberation Day, 7

2-Jan Berchtolds Day, 7 Granada Falls: Spain Completes the Reconquista, 8 La Isabela Is Founded, 9

3-Jan Ciceros Birthday, 9 March of Dimes Is Founded, 10 United States Severs Diplomatic Relations with Cuba, 10 Peoples Uprising (Burkina Faso), 11 START II Treaty Is Signed, 11

4-Jan Isaac Newtons Birthday, 12 Commemoration of the Martyrs of Independence (Democratic Republic of the Congo), 13

5-Jan Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh (Sikh Holiday), 13 German Workers Party (Nazi Party) Is Formed, 14

6-Jan Feast of the Epiphany (Three Kings Day), 15 Joan of Arcs Birthday, 16 Paavo Nurmi ("The Flying Finn") Sets Two World Sprinting Records, 17

7-Jan Eastern Orthodox Christmas, 18 Galileo Discovers the Major Moons of Jupiter, 18 First Balloon Crossing of the English Channel, 19 Panama Canal Is Traversed, 19

8-Jan African National Congress Is Founded, 19 Woodrow Wilson Presents His "Fourteen Points" to Congress, 20 Stephen Hawkings Birthday, 20

9-Jan Kumbh Mela Begins (India), 21 Philip Astley Invents the Modern Circus, 22 Feast of the Black Nazarene (Philippines), 23 Japanese Cars Arrive in the United States, 23 Volga Automobile Works Begins Construction in the Soviet Union, 24 Martyrs Day (Panama), 24

10-Jan First Underground Railway Line Opens (London, England), 24 Discovery of Oil at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas, 26 League of Nations Is Established, 26 Cuban Troops Begin Withdrawal from Angola, 26

11-Jan Julius Caesar Crosses the Rubicon, 27 Eugenio Mara de Hostoss Birthday, 28 First Use of Insulin to Treat Diabetes, 29 Birth of Rosenkowitz Sextuplets, 29

12-Jan Zanzibar Revolution Day (Tanzania), 29 European Nations Sign a Treaty Opposing Human Cloning, 30

13-Jan James Oglethorpe Lands with British Colonists in America, 30 mile Zolas "Jaccuse" Is Published, 31 First Live Public Radio Broadcast of an Opera, 32

14-Jan Death of Dante, 33 Albert Schweitzers Birthday, 34 Tito Is Elected First President of Yugoslavia, 35

15-Jan Adults Day (Japan), 36 British Museum Opens, 36 Nigeria-Biafra Civil War Ends, 36 John Chilembwe Day (Malawi), 37 Martin Luther King Jr. Day, 37

16-Jan Ivan the Terrible Becomes First Czar of Russia, 38 First Black Government Is Installed in the Bahamas, 39 Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 Link Up, 39 Persian Gulf War Begins, 40

17-Jan Feast of St. Anthony of Egypt, 40 Papacy Is Restored to Rome, 41 First Ship to Cross the Antarctic Circle, 42 Liberation Day (Poland), 43

18-Jan Captain Cook Discovers Hawaii, 43 Scott Reaches the South Pole, 43 National Revolution Day (Tunisia), 44

19-Jan

Communist China Recognizes North Vietnam, 44 Indira Gandhi Becomes Prime Minister of India, 45 Israel Gives Control of West Bank to Palestinians, 45

20-Jan ACLU Is Founded, 46 Iran Releases American Hostages, 47

21-Jan Feast of St. Agnes, 48 Execution of King Louis XVI, 48 First Monte Carlo Motor Rally, 49 Errol Barrow Day (Barbados), 49 Our Lady of Altagracia (Dominican Republic), 49

22-Jan Death of Shah Jahan, Builder of the Taj Mahal, 50 Zulu Forces Defeat the British at the Battle of Isandlwana in South Africa, 51 Bloody Sunday, Massacre in St. Petersburg, Russia, 52 World War II: Ledo Road Is Reopened, 52

23-Jan Deadliest Earthquake on Record (Shaanxi Province, China), 52 Elizabeth Blackwell Becomes Americas First Female M.D., 53 Jerusalem Is Proclaimed the Capital of Modern Israel, 53 Deepest Underwater Dive in History, 53

24-Jan Emperor Caligula Is Assassinated, 54 California Gold Rush Begins, 55 Chinese New Year, 55

25-Jan Union of Utrecht Is Formed, 55

Robert Burnss Birthday, 56 Premiere of Rossinis La Cenerentola , 57

26-Jan Feast of St. Dvote (Monaco), 58 Australia Day, 58 First Boy Scout Troop Is Founded, 60 Republic Day (India), 60 Riots Erupt in India After Hindi Becomes the Official Language, 61 Duartes Birthday (Dominican Republic), 61

27-Jan Mozarts Birthday, 62 First Public Demonstration of Television, 63 World War II: Liberation of Auschwitz, 64 Vietnam Peace Accord Is Signed, 64

28-Jan London Street Becomes First to Receive Gas Lighting, 64 Franco-Prussian War: Paris Falls to German Forces, 65 Iceland Legalizes Abortion, 65 Space Shuttle Challenger Explodes, 66

29-Jan LAcadmie Franaise Is Founded, 66 Karl Benz Patents First Gasoline-Powered Automobile, 67

30-Jan Charles I of England Is Executed, 67 Chushingura: Revenge of the 47 Samurai, 68 Tet Offensive, 69 Bloody Sunday (Northern Ireland), 69

31-Jan Rescue of Alexander Selkirk, the Real-Life Robinson Crusoe, 70

Trans-Iranian Pipeline Is Completed, 70 Explorer 1 Is Launched, 71

1-Feb Imbolic (Celtic), 73 First Volume of the Oxford English Dictionary Is Published, 74 Boris Yeltsins Birthday, 74 Egypt and Syria Announce Intent to Form a United Arab Republic, 75

2-Feb Candlemas, 76 Buenos Aires Is Founded, 76 Talleyrands Birthday, 77 Idi Amin Takes Power (Uganda), 78 Groundhog Day, 78

3-Feb Feast of Saint Blase, or The Blessing of Throats, 79 Setsubun, the Japanese Bean-Throwing Festival, 79 Mendelssohns Birthday, 79 Yasser Arafat Becomes Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), 80

4-Feb Tadeusz Kosciuszkos Birthday, 81 First Meeting of the Confederate States of America, 81 World War II: Yalta Conference Begins, 82

5-Feb Verdis Opera Otello Premieres, 83 World War II: U.S. Forces Return to Manila, 84

6-Feb Britain Enfranchises Women, 85 Bob Marley Day (Jamaica), 85 Snow Festival (Sapporo, Japan), 86 Waitangi Day (New Zealand), 86

7-Feb

Lantern Festival (China), 87 Charles Dickenss Birthday, 87 Last Emperor of China Is Born, 88 The Beatles Arrive in America, 89

8-Feb Mary, Queen of Scots, Is Executed, 89 Jules Vernes Birthday, 90 Russo-Japanese War Begins, 91

9-Feb Peace of Luneville Effectively Ends the Holy Roman Empire, 92 Festival du Voyageur (Western Canada), 93

10-Feb Feast of St. Pauls Shipwreck (Malta), 94 Bobby Fischer Becomes Youngest International Grand Master in Chess, 95 Gary Kasparov Is Defeated by IBMs Deep Blue Computer, 95

11-Feb National Foundation Day (Japan), 95 British Parliament First Convenes, 96 Miracle of the Grotto of Lourdes, 97 Nelson Mandela Is Released from Prison, 97

12-Feb Holy Roman Emperor Kidnaps the Pope, 97 Hargraves Discovers Gold in New South Wales, 98 George Gershwin Debuts "Rhapsody in Blue", 98

13-Feb Marquis de Sade Is Arrested, 99 Johann Strausss "Blue Danube" Premieres in Vienna, 99 Lumire Brothers Patent First Practical Movie Projector, 100

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Is Deported from the Soviet Union and Stripped of Citizenship, 101

14-Feb Valentines Day, 102 ENIAC Begins Working at the University of Pennsylvania, 102 Ayatollah Khomeini Orders the Execution of Author Salman Rushdie, 103

15-Feb Lupercalia (Ancient Rome), 104 Battleship Maine Explodes in Havana Harbor, 104 Canada Adopts Maple Leaf Flag, 104 Last Soviet Troops Leave Afghanistan, 105

16-Feb Venice Carnival Starts, 106 Lithuanian Independence Day, 107 Fidel Castro Becomes Premier of Cuba, 107

17-Feb Italian Philosopher Giordano Bruno Is Burnt at the Stake, 108 First Volume of Gibbons Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Is Published, 109 First Ship Passes Through the Suez Canal, 109

18-Feb Ramakrishnas Birthday, 111 Victor Emmanuel Is Proclaimed King of Italy, 111 Mark Twains Huckleberry Finn Is Published, 112 Pluto Is Discovered, 113

19-Feb Copernicuss Birthday, 113 World War II: Japanese American Internment Is Ordered, 114 International Womens Cricket Council Is Founded, 114 Flag Day in Turkmenistan, 115

20-Feb Taeborum Festival Begins (Korea), 115 Metropolitan Museum of Art Opens in New York City, 116 First American Astronaut Orbits the Earth, 117 First Element of the Soviet Mir Space Station Is Launched, 117

21-Feb The Feralia (Ancient Rome), 118 First Romanov Czar of Russia Is Crowned, 118 First Steam Locomotive Is Tested, 118 Watson and Crick Discover the Structure of DNA, 119 Nixon Visits China, 120 International Mother Language Day, 120

22-Feb Vikrama Samvat Era in Indian Calendar Begins, 120 Suharto Takes Full Power in Indonesia, 121

23-Feb Handels Birthday, 122 Guyana Becomes a Republic, 123 First Cloned Mammal (Dolly) Is Announced, 123

24-Feb Ibsens Peer Gynt Premieres in Norway, 124 First Rocket to Reach Outer Space Is Launched, 125 First Pulsar Star Is Discovered, 125

25-Feb Renoirs Birthday, 126 Ferdinand Marcos Leaves the Philippines, 127 Revolution Day (Suriname), 127

26-Feb

Victor Hugos Birthday, 128 The Communist Manifesto Is Published, 129 Radar Is First Demonstrated, 130

27-Feb Constantine the Greats Birthday, 130 Mardi Gras, or Shrove Tuesday, 131 Egypt and Israel Establish Diplomatic Relations, 132 Persian Gulf War: Liberation of Kuwait, 133

28-Feb Ash Wednesday, 134 Westminster Abbey Opens, 134 Methodist Church Is Established, 135

Feb-29 Leap Year, 135 Columbus Saves Himself and His Crew by Predicting Eclipse, 136

1-Mar St. Davids Day, 139 Damascus Falls to the Mongols, 140 Chopins Birthday, 141

2-Mar Victory of Adwa Day (Ethiopia), 142 Mikhail Gorbachevs Birthday, 142 Vivian Fuchs Completes First Land Crossing of Antarctica, 143 Pioneer 10 Is Launched, 144

3-Mar Serfs Are Emancipated in Russia, 144 First Performance of Bizets Carmen , 145 Liberation Day (Bulgaria), 146 Throne Day (Morocco), 147

4-Mar Frederick Barbarossa Takes the Throne, 148 Casimir Pulaskis Birthday, 149 Worlds Biggest Diamond Rush Begins, 149

5-Mar The Hajj, 149 Gerardus Mercators Birthday, 150 Boston Massacre, 150 Winston Churchill Gives His "Iron Curtain" Speech, 150 Water Is Discovered on the Moon, 150

6-Mar Michelangelos Birthday, 151 Ghana Achieves Independence, 153 Fall of the Alamo, 154 Marguerite Yourcenar Becomes the First Woman Elected to the Acadmie Franaise, 154

7-Mar Jenny Lind, "The Swedish Nightingale," Debuts in Opera, 154 Bangladesh Holds First General Election, 155

8-Mar Mendel Completes Publication of His Research into Genetics, 156 International Womens Day, 156

9-Mar Purim (Feast of Lots), 157 Pope Gregory VII Excommunicates Married Priests, 158 Baron Bliss Day (Belize), 159 Yuri Gagarins Birthday, 160

10-Mar United States Issues Its First Paper Money, 160 Batista Overthrows Cuban Government, 161 Dalai Lama Renews Call for Tibetan Independence, 162

11-Mar Phagwah, Hindu Festival of Colors, 163 Worldwide Influenza Epidemic Begins, 163 World War II: Lend-Lease Begins, 164 Augusto Pinochet Steps Down (Chile), 164

12-Mar Death of Anne Frank, 165 Girl Scouts Is Founded, 166 Truman Doctrine Is Announced, 166 Church of England Ordains Female Priests, 166

13-Mar Birthday of Kuan Yin, Goddess of Mercy (Taiwan), 166 Joseph Priestleys Birthday, 167

Uranus Is Discovered, 168 Czar Alexander II of Russia Is Assassinated, 168

14-Mar Albert Einsteins Birthday, 169 Gilbert and Sullivans The Mikado Premieres, 170 United States Adopts the Gold Standard, 171 Eli Whitney Patents the Cotton Gin, 171

15-Mar Julius Caesar Is Assassinated, 172 Christopher Columbus Returns to Spain, 172 Finland Elects Its First Female Members of Parliament, 173

16-Mar Nebuchadnezzar Takes Jerusalem: Babylonian Captivity Begins, 173 Nathaniel Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter Is Published, 174 My Lai Massacre, 174

17-Mar St. Patricks Day, 175 Golda Meir Becomes Prime Minister of Israel, 176 Whites Vote to End Apartheid in South Africa, 176

18-Mar NATO Is Formed, 177 Aleksei Leonov Becomes the First Man to Walk in Space, 178 Torrey Canyon Oil Tanker Spill, 179

19-Mar First Recorded Lunar Eclipse, 179 Feast of St. Joseph, 180 Swallows Return to Capistrano, 180 Canberra Day, 181 East Germany Adopts New Constitution (1949), 182

20-Mar No Ruz, Middle Eastern New Year, 182 Alessandro Volta Announces First Practical Battery, 183 Harriet Beecher Stowes Uncle Toms Cabin Is Published, 183 Death of Hungarian Nationalist Lajos Kossuth, 183 Sarin Gas Attack in Tokyo, 184 Iraq War of 2003 Begins, 185

21-Mar Vernal Equinox, 186 Archbishop Thomas Cranmer Is Burnt at the Stake, 187 Benito Jurez Day (Mexico), 188 Sharpeville Massacre, 189 Earth Day, 190

22-Mar First Political Party Dedicated to the Working Class Is Founded, 190 Arab League Is Formed, 190

23-Mar Patrick Henrys Speech for Liberty, 191 Wernher von Brauns Birthday, 191 World War I: Long-Range Cannons Begin Shelling Paris, 191 Asteroid Passes Dangerously Close to Earth, 191 Lee Teng-hui Becomes Taiwans First Democratically Elected President, 192

24-Mar James I Unites the Crowns of England and Scotland, 192 Tuberculosis Bacteria Is Discovered, 193 Russian Inventor Demonstrates Wireless Telegraph Independently of Marconi, 194

25-Mar Robert the Bruce Is Crowned King of Scotland, 194 Birthday of Catherine of Siena, 195

Great Britain Outlaws the Slave Trade, 196 Greek Independence Day, 197

26-Mar Muslim New Year, 198 Paris Commune Is Formed, 198 Prince Kuhio Day (Hawaii), 199 Syngman Rhees Birthday, 199 Worlds First Game Reserve Is Designated, 200 Jonas Salk Announces Polio Vaccine, 201

27-Mar First Mormon Temple Is Dedicated, 201 Abraham Gesner Patents Kerosene, 201 Mstislav Rostropovichs Birthday, 202

28-Mar Heinrich Olbers Discovers the Asteroid Pallas, 203 Maksim Gorkys Birthday, 203 Turkish Modernization: Constantinople Becomes Istanbul and Angora Becomes Ankara, 204

29-Mar Swedish Colonists Land in Delaware, 206 First Tatra Vehicle Is Produced, 206 First Soviet Hockey Player Is Admitted to the NHL, 206 Vienna Boys Choir Celebrates Its 500th Anniversary, 207

30-Mar Goyas Birthday, 207 Vincent van Goghs Birthday, 208 Russia Sells Alaska to the United States, 209

31-Mar Treaty of Kanagawa Opens Japan to Trade, 209 Eiffel Tower Opens, 209

Newfoundland Becomes Canadas 10th Province, 210 Lucerne Easter Festival, 211

1-Apr April Fools Day, 213 Royal Air Force Is Formed, 213 Iran Becomes an Islamic Republic, 214

2-Apr Charlemagnes Birthday, 215 Beethovens First Symphony Premieres, 216 Anglo-Argentine War over the Falkland Islands Begins, 216 Hans Christian Andersens Birthday, 217

3-Apr XYZ Affair, 218 Emmeline Pankhurst Is Convicted of Inciting Supporters to Commit Arson, 218 Joseph Stalin Becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party, 219 Truman Signs the Marshall Plan, 220

4-Apr Megalesia (Ancient Rome), 221 Martyrdom of Husayn: Shiite Holiday of Ashura, 221 Yukon Gold Rush Begins, 222 Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., 222

5-Apr Ching Ming, 222 Alexander Nevsky Defeats the Teutonic Knights, 223 Thomas Hobbess Birthday, 223

6-Apr Petrarch Meets Laura, 225 Chakri Day (Thailand), 225 Mormon Church Is Formally Organized, 226 First Modern Olympic Games Open in Greece, 226 North Pole Is Discovered, 227

7-Apr Passover (Pesach), 227 Charles University Is Founded in Prague, 228 France Adopts the Metric System, 229 Death of Toussaint Louverture, 230 World Health Organization Is Established, 230 National Mourning Day (Rwanda), 231

8-Apr Buddhas Birthday, 232 Palm Sunday, 233 Ponce de Leon Claims Florida for Spain, 234

9-Apr LaSalle Claims the Louisiana Territory for France, 234 Anniversary of the Loss of Jenkinss Ear, 234 Lee Surrenders at Appomattox, 235 The Beatles Break Up, 235

10-Apr Salvation Army Founders Day, 235 World War II: Bataan Death March, 235 Good Friday Accord (Northern Ireland), 236

11-Apr Battle of Rivas (Costa Rica), 237 Adolf Eichmanns Trial Begins, 238 Birth of "Baby Zoe" Is Announced, 239

12-Apr Holy Thursday, 239 Ordinance of Union Attempts to Unify England and Scotland, 241 American Civil War Begins, 241 Petronas Towers Becomes Worlds Tallest Building, 243

13-Apr Boun Pimai (Laos), 243 Thingyan (Myanmar), 244 Good Friday, 244 Monastic Inquisition Begins, 246 Edict of Nantes, 246 Baisakhi, 247 British Parliament Grants Freedom of Religion to Catholics, 248

14-Apr Wales Becomes Part of England, 249 Word "Telescope" Is Coined, 249 Noah Webster Copyrights His Dictionary, 250 Pan-American Union Is Founded, 250

15-Apr Easter, 250 Leonardo Da Vincis Birthday, 251 Samuel Johnsons Dictionary Is Published, 252 First Impressionist Exhibition, 253 Sinking of the Titanic , 254

16-Apr Jos de Diegos Birthday (Puerto Rico), 255 Term Cubism Is First Used, 255 Harriet Quimby Becomes the First Woman to Fly Across the English Channel, 255

17-Apr Giovanni Verrazano Discovers New York Harbor, 256 Death of Shogun Ieyasu Tokugawa, 257 Nikita Khrushchevs Birthday, 257 Bay of Pigs Invasion Fails, 259

18-Apr Paul Reveres Midnight Ride, 259 Bandung Conference Opens, 260

Canadas Constitution Act Is Signed, 261

19-Apr Sumardagurinn Fyrsti (Iceland), 261 American Revolution Begins, 261 Lord Byron Dies, 262

20-Apr Poes "Murders in the Rue Morgue" Is Published, 263 The Hague Peace Palace Is Established, 263 First Public Demonstration of the Electron Microscope, 263 Yom Hashoah, 264 First Transcontinental Videophone Call, 264

21-Apr Parilia / Founding of Rome, 265 Tiradentes Day (Brazil), 266 Festival of Ridvn Begins (Bah Festival), 266 Spanish-American War Begins, 267 The Red Baron Is Shot Down, 267

22-Apr Pedro lvares Cabral Claims Brazil for Portugal, 267 Lenins Birthday, 268 First Solo Trip to the North Pole, 269

23-Apr St. Georges Day, 270 Royal Order of the Garter Is Founded, 270 William Shakespeares Birthday, 271 Atlantic Steamship Travel Begins, 271 HIV Identified as Cause of AIDS, 271 Top Quark Is Discovered, 272

24-Apr

Armenian Martyrs Day, 273 Easter Rising Begins in Ireland, 274 Hubble Space Telescope Is Deployed, 275

25-Apr Feast of St. Mark, 275 First Execution by Guillotine, 276 Guglielmo Marconis Birthday, 276 ANZAC Day, 277

26-Apr Nazis Attack Spanish Town of Guernica, 278 Union Day (Tanzania), 279 Chernobyl Nuclear Accident, 279

27-Apr Death of Magellan, 280 Student Protesters Occupy Beijings Tiananmen Square, 281 Hong Kong Opens the Lantau Link, 282

28-Apr Floralia (Ancient Rome), 282 Mutiny on the HMS Bounty , 283 Benito Mussolini Is Executed, 284 Thor Heyerdahls Kon-Tiki Sets Sail, 285 National Day of Mourning (Canada), 285

29-Apr Cheng Cheng Kung Landing Day, 286 First African American College Is Chartered, 286

30-Apr Walpurgis Night, or Spring Festival, 287 Brightest Supernova in Recorded History Appears, 287 Organization of American States Is Formed, 288

Vietnam War: Fall of Saigon, 289

1-May May Day, 291 Festival of St. Efisio (Sardinia), 293 England and Scotland Are United into Great Britain, 293 Great Exhibition of 1851 Opens, 294

2-May King James Version of Bible Is Published, 295 Hudsons Bay Company Is Formed, 295

3-May Machiavellis Birthday, 296 Polish Constitution of 1791 Is Passed, 297 Constitution Memorial Day (Japan), 298

4-May Bourbon Dynasty Is Restored to Power (France), 299 World War II: Last Major German Contingents Surrender, 300 Margaret Thatcher Becomes First Female Prime Minister of Great Britain, 300 Cassinga Day (Namibia), 301

5-May Cinco de Mayo (Mexico), 301 Carnegie Hall Opens, 302 Childrens Day (Japan), 304 Bobby Sands Dies in a Hunger Strike, 304

6-May Rome Is Sacked, 305 St. Georges Day (Bulgaria), 305 Sigmund Freuds Birthday, 306 Universal Exposition of 1889 Opens, 307 Hindenburg Disaster, 307 "Chunnel" Opens, 307

7-May First Theatre Royal Opens in London, 308 Johannes Brahmss Birthday, 308 World War I: Sinking of the Lusitania , 309 Edvard Munchs The Scream Is Recovered, 310

8-May Hernando de Soto Discovers the Mississippi River, 310 National Liberation Day (Czech Republic), 311 Execution of Lavoisier, 312 Eruption of Mount Pele, 312 Victory in Europe (V-E) Day, 313

9-May Lemuria (Ancient Rome), 313 Victor Emmanuel III of Italy Abdicates, 313 Schuman Presents a Plan for European Economic Integration, 314 Mothers Day Becomes a Public Holiday, 314 Victory Day (Russia), 315

10-May First Transcontinental Railroad Is Completed, 315 First Locomotive to Reach 112.5 mph, 315 Halleys Comet Makes Its Closest Recorded Passage by the Earth, 316 Winston Churchill Becomes Prime Minister, 317

11-May Feast of the Ice Saints, 318 Death of Matteo Ricci, 319 Salvador Dals Birthday, 319 Siam Changes Its Name to Thailand, 320

12-May Soviets End Berlin Blockade, 321 National Windmill Day (the Netherlands), 322

13-May Mexican-American War Begins, 322 Brazil Abolishes Slavery, 322 Appearance of Our Lady of Ftima (Portugal), 323 Pope John Paul II Is Shot, 323

14-May First Smallpox Vaccination, 324 Israel Is Founded, 325 Skylab Is Launched, 326 Kamuzu Day (Malawi), 326

15-May San Isidro Day (Spain), 327 Johannes Kepler Discovers Third Law of Planetary Motion, 327 First Machine Gun Is Patented, 328 Worlds First Airmail Service Begins, 328 Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Is Destroyed, 328

16-May James Boswell Meets Samuel Johnson, 329 Chinas Cultural Revolution Begins, 329 First Woman Climbs Mount Everest, 330

17-May Norwegian Constitution Day, 331 Mascagnis Cavalleria Rusticana Premieres, 331 U.S. Supreme Court Orders School Desegregation, 332 The Shining Path Turns to Violence, 332

18-May Nicholas IIs Birthday, 333 First Hague Peace Conference Begins, 334 First Woman to Fly Faster Than Speed of Sound, 334 United Nations Agreement on Military Use of the Weather Is Signed, 334

19-May Execution of Anne Boleyn, 335 New England Confederation Is Formed, 336 Simplon Tunnel Opens, 336 Ataturks Commemoration Day, 337

20-May Council of Nicaea Begins, 337 Antioch Earthquake of a.d. 526, 338 Honor de Balzacs Birthday, 338

21-May Platos Birthday, 339 Battle of Iquique (Chile), 340 American Red Cross Is Founded, 341 Lindbergh Lands in Paris, 341 Victoria Day (Canada), 341

22-May Wars of the Roses Begin, 341 Wagners Birthday, 343 World War II: Pact of Steel Is Signed, 344 Sovereignty and Thanksgiving Day (Haiti), 344

23-May Girolamo Savonarola Is Executed, 345 Captain Kidd Is Hanged, 345 Royal Canadian Mounted Police Is Founded, 345 West Germany Is Established, 346

24-May Ascension Day, 347 Queen Victorias Birthday, 348 Concorde Makes Its First Commercial Flight, 349

25-May Death of St. Bede, 350 Henry the Navigator Leads Order of Christ, 351 Oscar Wilde Is Imprisoned for Sodomy, 351 First Female European Matador, 352 Organization of African Unity Day, 352

26-May Alexander Pushkins Birthday, 352 First Le Mans Motor Race, 353

27-May Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, 354 St. Petersburg Is Founded, 354 World War II: Sinking of the Bismarck , 355 Feast of St. Augustine of Canterbury, 355

28-May Shavuot (Jewish Feast of Weeks), 356 Battle Is Stopped by Solar Eclipse, 357 Louis Agassizs Birthday, 357 Amnesty International Is Founded, 357 Memorial Day, 358

29-May Fall of Constantinople, 358 Charles IIs Birthday, 359 Ascension of Bahullh (Bah Holy Day), 360 Hillary and Norgay Reach Summit of Mount Everest, 360

30-May Death of Arjun, Sikh Martyr, 360 Peter the Greats Birthday, 361

31-May Lady Godivas Ride, 362 Big Bens First Chimes, 363 Ford Signs Automobile Contract with Soviet Union, 363 Independence Day in Zimbabwe, 364

1-Jun Brigham Youngs Birthday, 367 De Gaulle Becomes President of France, 369 United States and Soviet Union Sign Chemical Weapons Pact, 369

2-Jun Thomas Hardys Birthday, 370 American Indians Are Granted U.S. Citizenship, 371 Elizabeth IIs Coronation, 372

3-Jun Pentecost, 372 Dutch West India Company Is Chartered, 373 Edward VIII Marries Wallis Simpson, 373

4-Jun First Pulitzer Prize Is Awarded, 374 World War II: Churchill Addresses the British After Dunkirk, 374 Juan Pern Is Inaugurated President of Argentina, 374

5-Jun Lee Kuan Yew Becomes First Prime Minister of Singapore, 375 Six-Day War Begins, 376 Senator Robert F. Kennedy Is Assassinated, 376 Solidarity Wins Polish Election, 377 World Environment Day, 377 Toronto Skydome Opens, 377

6-Jun YMCA Is Founded, 378 World War II: D-Day Invasion Begins, 378 George Orwells 1984 Is Published, 380 Railroad Accident in India Kills 800, 380 Swedish National Day, 381

7-Jun Vestalia (Ancient Rome), 381 Treaty of Tordesillas Is Signed, 381 Paul Gauguins Birthday, 382 Norway Separates from Sweden, 383 Vatican City Becomes a Sovereign State, 383 First Retail VCR Is Introduced, 385

8-Jun Attila the Hun Invades Italy, 385 Death of Muhammad, 385 German Confederation Is Formed, 387

9-Jun Europeans Discover the St. Lawrence River, 387 Book of Common Prayer Is Adopted by the Church of England, 388 Hong Kong Is Leased to Britain, 389 First Autogiro Flight, 389 First Transpacific Flight, 390

10-Jun First Public Zoo Opens, 390 First Use of S.O.S. Distress Signal, 390 Great Arab Revolt Begins, 390 Cames Day (Portugal and Macau), 391

11-Jun Mount Pinatubo Erupts, 392 Last Russian Troops Leave Berlin, 392 King Kamehameha Day (Hawaii), 393

12-Jun First Blood Transfusion, 393 Swiss Army Knife Is Patented, 394 Helsinki Day (Finland), 394 Philippine Independence Day, 395

13-Jun Feast of St. Anthony of Padua, 395 Peasants Revolt, 396 First Womens Golf Tournament, 396 World War II: Germans Begin V-1 Rocket Attacks, 397

14-Jun Flag Day (United States), 397 Canadian Parliament Opens, 398 First Non-Stop Transatlantic Flight, 398 First Commercial Computer, 399

15-Jun Edict of Milan Is Issued, 399 Magna Carta Is Signed, 400 Oregon Treaty Is Ratified, 402

16-Jun Birthday of Edward, Prince of Wales ("The Black Prince"), 402 Queen Christina of Sweden Abdicates, 403 Bloomsday Festival (Ireland), 403 First Woman in Space, 404

17-Jun France Gives the Statue of Liberty to the United States (1885), 404 Iceland Becomes a Republic, 405 Fathers Day, 406

18-Jun War of 1812 Begins, 406 Battle of Waterloo, 406 Evacuation Day (Egypt), 408

19-Jun Eratosthenes Measures Earths Circumference, 409 Birthday of Artigas (Uruguay), 409 Execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, 410

20-Jun Black Hole of Calcutta, 410 Tennis Court Oath, 411 The Savannah Crosses the Atlantic, 411

21-Jun Summer Solstice (Northern Hemisphere) / Winter Solstice (Southern Hemisphere), 412 France Is Defeated in Peninsular War, 412 Cyrus McCormick Patents First Practical Reaper, 413

22-Jun Council of Ephesus Opens, 413 Galileo Is Sentenced for Heresy, 414 Giacomo Puccinis Birthday, 414 Joe Louis Beats Max Schmeling, 416 World War II: Hitler Invades Russia, 416

23-Jun Adolphe Sax Patents the Saxophone, 416 Antarctic Treaty, 417 Fermats Last Theorem Is Proved, 417

24-Jun Midsummer Day / Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 418 Battle of Bannockburn, 419 Discovery of Newfoundland, 420 Napolon Invades Russia, 420 Picassos First Public Exhibition, 420 Berlin Airlift, 421 Eamon de Valera Resigns (Ireland), 421

25-Jun Dragon Boat Festival (China), 421 Tano Day (Korea), 422 Lutheran Book of Concord Is Issued, 423 Korean War Begins, 423

26-Jun World War I: First American Troops Land in France, 423 United Nations Charter Is Signed, 423 President Kennedy Speaks in West Berlin, 425 CN Tower Opens in Toronto, 425 First Mapping of Human Genome Is Announced, 425

27-Jun Joshua Slocum Completes First Circumnavigation of the World, 426 Potemkin Mutiny, 426 United Nations Authorizes Allied Intervention in the Korean War, 427 First Nuclear Power Plant Opens, 427

28-Jun Battle of Kosovo, 427 Giselle Premieres in Paris, 428 World War I: Archduke Francis Ferdinand Is Assassinated, 428 World War I: Treaty of Versailles Is Signed, 430 Stonewall Riots Begin, 430

29-Jun Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul, 430 Botanical Garden of Padua Is Founded, 431 Peter Paul Rubenss Birthday, 431 Space ShuttleMir Space Station Docking, 432

30-Jun Death of Montezuma, 432 Toscanini Makes His Conducting Debut, 434

Londons Tower Bridge Opens, 434 Einsteins Special Theory of Relativity Is Published, 434 Giant Meteor Strikes Siberia, 435

1-Jul Canada Day, 437 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968 Is Signed, 438 China Regains Hong Kong, 438 White Nights Celebrations Conclude (St. Petersburg, Russia), 440

2-Jul First Zeppelin Airship Flies, 440 FDR Proposes a "New Deal" at 1932 Democratic National Convention, 440 Amelia Earhart Disappears over the Pacific Ocean, 441 UFO Allegedly Crashes Near Roswell, New Mexico, 442 North and South Vietnam Are Reunited, 442

3-Jul Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle (Roman Catholic Observance), 443 Quebec Is Founded, 443 France Recognizes Algerian Independence, 444 Unity Day (Zambia), 445

4-Jul Independence Day (United States), 446 Alice in Wonderland Is Published, 446 Israels Raid on Entebbe, 447 Pathfinder Lands on Mars, 448

5-Jul The Poplifugia (Ancient Rome), 448 Venezuela Declares Independence, 449 Feast of Sts. Cyril and Methodius, 449 First Bikini Is Introduced, 450 Arthur Ashe Wins at Wimbledon, 450

6-Jul Sir Thomas More Is Executed, 451 First Use of Pasteurs Antirabies Vaccine, 452 Crowning of Mindaugas (Lithuania), 453

Jan Hus (Czech Republic), 453

7-Jul Running of the Bulls in Pamplona, 454 Second Sino-Japanese War Begins, 454 First Working Laser Is Demonstrated, 455

8-Jul Fast of 17th Tammuz, 455 Marriage of Ada Lovelace, Computer Pioneer, 455 Commodore Perry Enters Tokyo Bay, 456 Colonel Castillo Armas Seizes Power in Guatemala, 457

9-Jul League of Augsburg Is Formed, 458 Argentine Independence Day, 458 First Wimbledon Tennis Championship, 459

10-Jul Death of El Cid, 459 Telstar Is Launched, 460 Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior , 461

11-Jul Battle of the Golden Spurs, 461 National Nadaam Festival / Revolution Day in Mongolia, 462 World Population Day (International), 462

12-Jul Battle of the Boyne, 463 Germany Allows Extraterritorial Use of Military, 464

13-Jul

Northwest Ordinance, 464 Death of Jean-Paul Marat, 464 First Mens World Cup Competition, 465 World War II: Battle of Kursk, 466 Live Aid Concerts, 466

14-Jul Bastille Day, 467 Edward Whymper Climbs the Matterhorn, 467 Alfred Nobel Demonstrates Dynamite, 468 Tanzam Railway Completed, 468

15-Jul Feast of St. Swithin, 469 Margarine Is Patented, 469 Mariner IV Transmits First Closeup Pictures of Mars, 470 Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Is Launched, 470

16-Jul Start of the Islamic Calendar, 470 Giuseppe Piazzis Birthday, 470 Reinforced Concrete Patented, 471

17-Jul Adams-Onis Treaty: Spain Cedes Florida, 472 British Royal Family Changes Its Name to Windsor, 472 Luis Muoz Riveras Birthday (Puerto Rico), 473

18-Jul Great Fire of Rome, 473 Spanish Civil War Begins, 475 First All-African Games Open, 475 Romanian Gymnast Nadia Comaneci Earns the First of Seven Perfect Scores, 476

19-Jul

Bloomers Are Introduced, 476 Paris Metro Opens, 477 1980 Moscow Olympics Open Despite a Multination Boycott, 477

20-Jul Vietnam Armistice of 1954 Is Signed, 477 First Manned Landing on the Moon, 478 First Viking Probe Lands on Mars, 479

21-Jul Trans-Siberian Railroad Is Completed, 480 Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka Becomes the Worlds First Female Prime Minister, 480 Aswan High Dam Is Completed, 481

22-Jul Feast of St. Mary Magdalene, 482 Pied Piper of Hamelin Drives Rats from Town, 482 First Solo Flight Around the World, 483

23-Jul Pan-African Congress Convenes, 483 International Whaling Commission Issues Ban, 484 First Woman to Command a Space Mission, 484

24-Jul Machu Picchu Is Discovered, 485 Simn Bolvar Day (Ecuador and Venezuela), 486

25-Jul Feast of St. James the Greater, 487 Feast of St. Christopher, 487 Puerto Rican Constitution Day, 488 Sinking of the Andrea Doria , 488 First English Channel Hovercraft Crossing, 489 Pope Paul VI Issues Encyclical on Birth Control, 489

First Test-Tube Baby Is Born, 490 First Woman Walks in Space, 490

26-Jul Feast of St. Joachim and St. Anne, 490 Liberia Achieves Independence, 491

27-Jul Macbeth Is Defeated at Dunsinane, 492 Tobacco Is First Introduced to England, 492 Insulin First Isolated, 493 Barbosa Day (Puerto Rico), 493

28-Jul Potatoes Are Introduced to Europe, 494 Robespierre Is Guillotined, 494 First Modern Use of Fingerprint Identification, 495 Peruvian Independence Day, 495

29-Jul Tishah BAv, 496 Feast of St. Martha, 496 Olavsoka (St. Olavs Day, Faroe Islands), 497 Vitus Bering Sights Alaska, 498

30-Jul Penguin Publishes Its First Paperback, 498 Kim Philby Defects, 498

31-Jul Feast of St. Ignatius Loyola, 499 Lafayette Joins the American Revolution, 500 Weimar Constitution Is Adopted in Germany, 500 First Climbers Reach the Summit of K2, 501 First Use of Lunar Rover, 501

European Space Agency Forms, 502 START Treaty Is Signed, 502

1-Aug John Calvin Publishes First Edition of Institutes of the Christian Religion , 503 Slavery Is Abolished Throughout the British Empire, 504

2-Aug Our Lady of the Angels (Costa Rica), 505 St. Elijahs Uprising (Macedonia), 505 Adolf Hitler Declares Himself Fhrer, 506 Cup Match Day (Bermuda), 507

3-Aug "Ladies Peace," or the Treaty of Cambrai, Is Executed, 507 The USS Nautilus Crosses Under the North Pole, 507 Bourguibas Day (Tunisia), 508

4-Aug Metternich Becomes Austrian Foreign Minister, 509 Feast of St. John Vianney, 510 Revolution Day (Burkina Faso), 510

5-Aug First Quasar Is Discovered, 510 The Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Is Signed, 511 Joan Benoit Wins the First Olympic Womens Marathon, 512 National Thanksgiving Day (Croatia), 512

6-Aug Feast of the Transfiguration, 513 Gertrude Ederle Becomes First Woman to Swim the English Channel, 514 World War II: United States Drops Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, 515 First World Wide Web Files Posted on the Internet, 515

7-Aug Battle of Boyac (Colombia), 515

First Computer Chess Tournament, 516 U.S. Embassies in East Africa Are Bombed, 516

8-Aug Feast of St. Dominic, 517 Battle of Gravelines: Defeat of the Spanish Armada, 518 Summit of Mont Blanc Is First Scaled, 519

9-Aug Feast of St. Matthias, 519 Battle of Adrianople, 520 1849 Hungarian Uprising Is Crushed, 520 National Womens Day (South Africa), 520

10-Aug Feast Day of St. Lawrence, 521 Construction of the Royal Observatory Begins at Greenwich, 521 International Biodiesel Day, 522 Death of Otto Lilienthal, 522

11-Aug Hussein I Is Named King of Jordan, 523 Death of Jackson Pollock, 524 China Limits Family Size, 525

12-Aug Isaac Singer Patents His Sewing Machine, 525 Joseph Lister Performs First Antiseptic Surgical Operation, 526 Echo I Is Launched, 527

13-Aug Corts Takes Aztec Capital, 527 Cardinal Richelieu Becomes Chief Minister of France, 528 Berlin Wall Begins, 529 Bon, or Obon (Japan), 530

14-Aug Construction of Cologne Cathedral Begins, 531 First Permanent Russian Colony in Alaska, 531 Percy Bysshe Shelley Is Cremated, 532 Boxer Rebellion Ends, 532 Vietnam War: Bombing of Cambodia Ends, 533

15-Aug Feast of the Assumption, 533 Earliest Dated Gutenberg Bible, 534 Panama Canal Opens, 535 Partitioning of India and Pakistan, 535 South Korea Gains Independence, 535

16-Aug Il Palio (Siena, Italy), 536 "Siamese Twins" Are First Exhibited, 536 Valparaiso Earthquake, 537 Democratic Republic of the Congo Is Formed, 537

17-Aug Electric Automobile Self-Starter Is Patented, 538 Death of General Jos de San Martn (Argentina), 538

18-Aug Death of Genghis Khan, 539 First Rules of Boxing Are Approved, 540 First American Maritime Expedition Departs, 541 Vladimir Nabokovs Lolita Is Published in the United States, 541 First Commercially Produced Oral Contraceptive Is Introduced, 542

19-Aug Death of Augustus, 543 Daguerreotype Is Introduced, 544

Iranian Leader Mossadegh Is Overthrown, 544 Buhe (Ethiopia), 545

20-Aug Leon Trotsky Is Assassinated, 545 Soviets Invade Czechoslovakia, 546 First Solo Ascent of Mount Everest, 546

21-Aug Consualia (Rape of the Sabine Women, Ancient Rome), 547 First Reichstag Is Opened in the Newly Unified Germany, 548 Nazi Germany Announces a Nonaggression Pact with the Soviet Union, 548 Feast of St. Pius X, 548

22-Aug English Civil War Begins, 549 Red Cross Convention Is Signed, 550 Sydney Harbour Bridge Is Joined, 552

23-Aug Vulcanalia (Ancient Rome), 552 Sir William Wallace Is Executed, 552 Mexico Gains Independence from Spain, 553 World Council of Churches Is Formed, 554

24-Aug Eruption of Mount Vesuvius, 554 Feast of St. Bartholomew, 555 Kevin Warwick Becomes First Human Being to Have Microchip Implanted, 555

25-Aug Feast of St. Louis, 555 Uruguayan Independence Day, 556 Matthew Webb Swims the English Channel, 556 World War II: Liberation of Paris, 557

26-Aug Rome Invades Britain, 557 France Adopts the Declaration of the Rights of Man, 558 Eruption of Krakatoa, 558 Soviet Union Successfully Tests First ICBM, 558

27-Aug King Charles II Orders John Miltons Books Burned, 559 First Modern Oil Well Is Drilled, 559 Kellogg-Briand Pact Attempts to End International War, 560 First Jet Aircraft Flight, 560

28-Aug Feast Day of Augustine of Hippo, 561 Death of Manolete, 562 Gay Games Begins, 562

29-Aug Death of St. John the Baptist, 562 Battle of Mohacs, 563 Faraday Discovers Electromagnetic Induction, 563 Treaty of Nanking, 564 First Motorcycle Is Patented, 564 First Soviet Nuclear Weapon Test, 564

30-Aug Cleopatra Commits Suicide, 565 Feast of St. Rosa of Lima (Peru), 566 Treaty of Nystad Ends Great Northern War, 567

31-Aug Jack the Ripper Commits His First Murder, 567 Triple Entente Is Formed, 568 Death of Princess Diana, 568

1-Sep Great Kanto Earthquake Strikes Japan, 571 World War II Begins, 572 Moammar Gadhafi Becomes Head of Libya, 572

2-Sep Battle of Actium, 573 Great Fire of London, 574 First Westward Nonstop Transatlantic Flight, 574 Ho Chi Minh Declares Independence for Vietnam, 575 World War II: Japan Formally Surrenders, 575 ARPANET Debuts, 575

3-Sep First Coronation of Richard I, 576 Treaty of Paris Is Signed, 577 Jean-Paul Akayesu Is Convicted of Genocide (Rwanda), 577

4-Sep Last Roman Emperor Is Deposed, 578 Geronimo Is Captured, Ending Last Major U.S.American Indian War, 578 Kodak Film Camera Is Patented and Trademarked, 579

5-Sep Chauti (India), 580 Jack Kerouacs On the Road Is Published, 580 Terrorists Kill Israeli Athletes at the Munich Olympics, 581 St. Gotthards Tunnel Opens, 582

6-Sep Sinking of the Atocha , 582 "Open Door Policy" Is First Proposed for China, 582

7-Sep

Treaty of Baden Is Signed, 583 Panama Canal Treaty Is Signed, 584 Desmond Tutu Becomes Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa, 585

8-Sep Feast of the Birth of Mary, 585 Seven Years War: Montreal Surrenders, 586 SEATO Is Founded, 587 Andorran National Day / Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 587

9-Sep John Herschel Takes First Glass Plate Photograph, 588 Elvis Presley Appears on The Ed Sullivan Show , 588 DPRK Foundation Day (North Korea), 589 France Withdraws from NATO, 589

10-Sep First Autobahn Opens, 590 OPEC Is Founded, 590 Desegregation in Alabama, 591 Scottish Parliament Is Re-established, 591

11-Sep Ethiopian New Year, 591 World War II: U.S. Announces "Shoot on Sight" Policy, 592 Terrorists Attack the United States, 593

12-Sep Stone Age Cave Art Is Discovered Near Lascaux, France, 594 Death of Stephen Biko, 594 First Black Woman in Space, 595

13-Sep Finding of the True Cross, 595 Feast of St. John Chrysostom, 596

First Successful Spacecraft Is Launched Toward the Moon, 597

14-Sep Britain Employs the Gregorian Calendar, 597 Golfs First Recorded Hole-in-One, 598 Death of Isadora Duncan, 598 First Successful Helicopter Flight, 598 San Jacinto Fight Day (Nicaragua), 598

15-Sep Feast of the Seven Sorrows (Slovakia), 599 First Passenger Railroad Service, 599 Alexander Fleming Discovers Penicillin, 600 Respect for the Aged Day (Japan), 601 Greenpeace Is Founded, 601

16-Sep Gay-Lussacs Balloon Flight, 602 Mexicos Revolt against Spain Begins, 602 Montreal Protocol Is Signed, 602

17-Sep John Keats Leaves for Italy, 603 Camp David Accords Are Signed, 604 First Conjoined Twins to Be Separated by Surgery, 605

18-Sep Rosh Hashanah, 605 Death of Dag Hammarskjld, 606 Victory of UPRONA Day (Burundi), 607

19-Sep Hundred Years War: Battle of Poitiers, 607 Feast of St. Januarius, 607 First Beauty Contest Is Held, 608

New Zealand Grants Universal Suffrage to Women, 608

20-Sep Tzom Gedaliah, 609 Clement VII Becomes the "Antipope", 609 Italy Is Unified, 609

21-Sep Autumn Begins (Northern Hemisphere), 610 Battle of Marathon, 611 Feast of St. Matthew, 611 First Shakespearean Performance at the Globe Theater, 611 The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien Is Published, 612

22-Sep Death of Shaka Zulu, 613 Peace Corps Is Created, 614 Iran-Iraq War Begins, 615

23-Sep Lewis and Clark Return to St. Louis from Their Expedition, 615 Spain Agrees to End Slave Trade, 616 Neptune Is Discovered, 616 Saudi Arabia Is Unified, 617

24-Sep World War II: Atlantic Charter Is Signed, 618 USS Enterprise Is Launched, 619 Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Is Opened for Signing, 619

25-Sep Feast of St. Sergius of Radonezh, 619 Balboa Discovers the Pacific Ocean, 620 Mormon Church Renounces Polygamy, 620 Armed Forces Day (Mozambique), 621

Kamarampaka Day (Rwanda), 622

26-Sep Holy Alliance Is Formed, 622 Mariel Boatlift Ends, 623 Soviet Union Removes Censorship Restrictions, 623 Shannon Lucid Returns to Earth, 624

27-Sep Yom Kippur, 624 Jesuit Order Is Chartered, 625 First Passenger Locomotive Is Operated, 626 Tripartite Pact Is Formed, 626

28-Sep Teachers Day (Birthday of Confucius Taiwan), 626 William the Conqueror Invades England, 626 Europeans Discover California, 627 Sony Introduces Forerunner of Palm Pilot, 628

29-Sep Michaelmas Day (Feast of St. Michael and All Angels), 628 Emperor Frederick II Is Excommunicated, 629 Robert Peel Creates Police Force ("Bobbies"), 630 Munich Pact: Britain and France Appease Hitler, 630

30-Sep First Successful Manned Rocket Flight, 632 Nuremberg Trials: 19 German Nazi Leaders Are Convicted, 632 Botswana Day, 633

1-Oct Battle of Gaugamela, 635 Treaty of San Ildefonso, 636 Henry Ford Introduces the Model T, 636 Peoples Republic of China Is Established, 637

2-Oct Mahatma Gandhis Birthday, 638 First International Conference of American States Convenes, 639 Rock Hudson Dies of AIDS, 640

3-Oct Sukkot, 640 Italy Invades Ethiopia, 641 Britain Tests Its First Nuclear Weapon, 642 Reunification of Germany, 642

4-Oct Death of St. Francis of Assisi, 643 The Lyrical Ballads Is Published, 644 Crimean War Begins, 644 Soviets Launch Sputnik , 644

5-Oct Raoul Wallenberg Is Posthumously Honored, 645 Portuguese Republic Day, 646 Thanksgiving Day (Saint Lucia), 647

6-Oct The Jazz Singer Premieres, 648 Yom Kippur War Begins, 648 Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat Is Assassinated, 649 7-Oct Battle of Lepanto, 650

Mother Teresa Establishes the Missionaries of Charity, 650 Achille Lauro Hijacking, 651 Operation Enduring Freedom Begins, 651

8-Oct War of the Pacific: Battle of Angamos, 652 Death of Henri Christophe, 652 Canadian Thanksgiving Day, 653

9-Oct Shmini Atzeret, 653 Leif Eriksson Lands in North America, 653 Yale University Is Founded, 654 Universal Postal Union Is Established, 654 Che Guevara Is Executed, 655

10-Oct Simchat Torah, 656 Battle of Tours, 656 Vinland Map Is Exhibited, 656 Canadian Minister Is Kidnapped, 657

11-Oct Boer War Begins, 657 South American Nonaggression Pact Is Signed, 658 Second Vatican Council Begins, 658 First Factoring of a 100-Digit Number, 658

12-Oct Columbus Arrives in the New World, 659 Our Lady Aparecida (Brazil), 660 First International Conference on Calendar Reform Is Held, 660 Khrushchev at the United Nations Claims, "We Will Bury You!", 660

13-Oct

Feast of St. Edward the Confessor, 661 Bnai Brith Is Founded, 662 World War II: Italy Declares War on Germany, 662

14-Oct Santa Fortunata (Peru), 662 Chuck Yeager Breaks the Sound Barrier, 663 First National Gay-Rights March in the United States, 663

15-Oct First Major Ballet Is Performed, 664 Death of St. Teresa of vila, 664 Mata Hari Is Executed, 665 Doctors Without Borders Wins Nobel Peace Prize, 666 China Launches Its First Astronaut into Space, 666

16-Oct Council of Vienne Convenes, 667 Marie-Antoinette Is Executed, 667 China Detonates Its First Atomic Weapon, 668 Transplant Surgery on "Baby Fae", 668

17-Oct Death of Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Haiti), 669 OPEC Sparks an Energy Crisis, 669 Worldwide Ban on Ivory Trading Is Imposed, 670

18-Oct Feast of St. Luke, 670 Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella, 671 The BBC Is Formed, 671

19-Oct Battle of Yorktown: Cornwallis Surrenders, 672 United States Begins Trade Embargo against Cuba, 672

"Black Monday" of 1987, 673 Samora Machel Day (Mozambique), 673

20-Oct "Long March" Concludes, 673 Sydney Opera House Opens, 674

21-Oct Durga Puja Begins (Bengal), 675 Battle of Trafalgar, 675 Edison Perfects Light Bulb, 676 China Begins Occupation of Tibet, 676 1969 Coup in Somalia, 676

22-Oct Earliest Recorded Total Eclipse of the Sun, 677 First Parachute Jump, 678 Metropolitan Opera House Opens, 678 Cuban Missile Crisis Begins, 679

23-Oct Boris Pasternak Is Awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, 679 Beirut Bombing of Foreign Troops, 680 Hungary Declares Independence, 680 Chulalongkorn Day (Thailand), 681 Paris Peace Agreements on Cambodia, 682

24-Oct Peace of Westphalia Ends Thirty Years War, 682 Third Partition of Poland, 683 United Nations Formally Comes into Existence, 683 Peoples Republic of China Displaces Taiwan at the United Nations, 684

25-Oct Battle of Agincourt, 685

Charge of the Light Brigade, 686 Chung Yeung Festival (Hong Kong), 686 Thanksgiving (Grenada), 686

26-Oct Israeli-Jordanian Peace Treaty, 687 Angam Day (Nauru), 688 Gospel Day (Cook Islands), 688 Pirates Week Festival (Cayman Islands), 688

27-Oct First Canadian Lacrosse Champion Is Declared, 689 New York Subway Opens, 689

28-Oct Ochi Day (Greece and Cyprus), 690 Vatican Issues Nostra Aetate , 690 Digital Millennium Copyright Act Is Signed, 691

29-Oct Republic of Turkey Is Established, 691 Stock Market Crash of 1929, 692 Suez Canal Crisis Begins, 693

30-Oct Treaty of Friendship Between Turkey and Greece Is Signed, 694 Radio Broadcast of H. G. Wellss The War of the Worlds , 694 World War II: Moscow Conference, 695 Mass Marriage Ceremony in the Unification Church, 695

31-Oct Halloween, 696 Loy Krathong Festival (Thailand), 696 Martin Luther Posts His 95 Theses, 696 Chiang Kai-shek Day (Taiwan), 697

1-Nov All Saints Day, 699 Spanish Inquisition Begins, 700 Death of Charles II of Spain, 700 Lisbon Earthquake, 701 Maastricht Treaty Goes Into Effect, 701

2-Nov All Souls Day, 701 Lionel Lukin Patents First Lifeboat, 702 Balfour Declaration Endorses a Jewish State in Palestine, 702 Haile Selassie Is Crowned Emperor of Ethiopia, 703 Islamic Republic of Pakistan Is Declared, 704

3-Nov English Act of Supremacy Is Passed, 704 Panama Declares Independence from Colombia, 705 Sputnik 2 Is Launched, 705 Salvatore Allende Is Sworn in as President of Chile, 706

4-Nov Karva Chauth Vrat (Hindu Fast), 706 Feast of St. Charles Borromeo, 707 First Air Conditioned Automobile Is Introduced, 708 UNESCO Is Formed, 708 Yitzhak Rabin Is Assassinated, 708

5-Nov Death of Casimir the Great, 710 Guy Fawkes Day, 710 Breakthrough in Stem-Cell Research, 711

6-Nov Day of Gustav Adolph (Sweden), 711 Roman Catholic Church Appoints First U.S. Bishop, 712 First Electric Razor Is Patented, 712

United Nations Condemns Apartheid in South Africa, 713 Green March (Morocco), 713

7-Nov Canadian Pacific Railway Is Completed, 714 Bolshevik Revolution: Communists Take the Winter Palace, 714 Mary Robinson Becomes President of Ireland, 715

8-Nov "Stockholm Bloodbath" Begins, 715 The Louvre Opens to the Public, 716 Wilhelm Roentgen Discovers the X-Ray, 717 Operation Magic Carpet Begins, 717

9-Nov St. John Lateran Is Installed, 718 Birthday of Muhammad Allama Iqbal (Pakistan), 718 Kristallnacht, 719 Sartre Condemns the Soviet Union, 719 Northeast Power Failures, 719

10-Nov Stanley Finds Livingstone, 720 First Operator-Free Long-Distance Telephone Call, 720 Great Wall of China Opens for Tourists, 721

11-Nov Feast of St. Martin, 721 Mayflower Compact, 722 World War I: Armistice, 722 Rhodesia Declares Independence from Great Britain, 723

12-Nov First Flying Trapeze Act / Debut of the Leotard, 723 International Conference on Naval Limitation Begins, 724

First Known Photograph of the Loch Ness Monster, 724 Sun Yat-sens Birthday (Taiwan), 725

13-Nov Holland Tunnel Opens, 725 Vietnam Veterans Memorial Is Dedicated (United States), 726

14-Nov Deepavali (Hindu Festival of Lights), 726 Herman Melvilles Moby-Dick Is Published, 727 Nellie Bly Begins Her Journey Around the World, 728

15-Nov Shichi-go-san (Japan), 728 Brazil Becomes a Republic, 729 Independent Palestine Is Declared, 730

16-Nov United States and Soviet Union Establish Diplomatic Relations, 730 Soviet Union Launches Venera 3 Probe, 731 Benazir Bhutto Becomes First Female Leader of Pakistan, 731 Radovan Karadzic Is Charged with War Crimes, 732

17-Nov Ramadan Starts, 733 Elizabeth I Is Crowned Queen of England, 733 Velvet Revolution (Czechoslovakia), 734

18-Nov First Book Is Printed in England, 735 Antarctica Is Discovered, 736 Jonestown Massacre (Guyana), 736

19-Nov

Puerto Rico Is Discovered by Europeans, 737 "Man in the Iron Mask" Dies, 737 Garifuna Day (Belize), 738

20-Nov Mexican Revolution Begins, 738 World War I: First Large-Scale Use of Tanks in Battle, 739

21-Nov First Manned Balloon Flight, 739 Piltdown Man Fraud Is Exposed, 740

22-Nov Feast of St. Cecilia (Saint Lucia), 740 Vasco da Gama Rounds the Cape of Good Hope, 741 Ravels Bolro Debuts, 741 President John F. Kennedy Is Assassinated, 742 Thanksgiving Day (United States), 742

23-Nov Peace of Kappel, 742 Enrico Caruso Debuts in America, 743 Labor Thanksgiving Day (Japan), 743

24-Nov Abel Tasman Discovers Tasmania, 744 The Origin of Species Is Published, 745 Barbed Wire Is Patented, 746

25-Nov Anti-Comintern Pact Is Signed, 746 Irish Republican Army Is Outlawed in Great Britain, 747 Iran-Contra Scandal Is Revealed, 747

26-Nov Day of the Covenant (Bah Faith), 748 Howard Carter Opens King Tuts Tomb, 748 France Launches Its First Rocket, 749

27-Nov Pope Urban II Proclaims First Crusade, 749 Alfred Nobel Creates Nobel Prizes, 750

28-Nov Magellan Enters Straits Around South America, 751 Irish Sinn Fein Party Is Founded, 751 World War II: The Tehran Conference, 751

29-Nov First Imperial Diet Opens in Japan, 752 First Flight over the South Pole, 753

30-Nov Feast of St. Andrew, 754 Bonifacios Day (Philippines), 755 "Lucy" Is Discovered in Ethiopia, 755

1-Dec Portugal Regains Independence from Spain, 757 First Appearance of Sherlock Holmes, 758 First Woman Is Seated in the British House of Commons, 759

2-Dec Napolon Bonaparte Is Crowned Emperor, 759 Monroe Doctrine Proclaims Independence of Western Hemisphere, 760 First Nuclear Chain Reaction Is Achieved, 760 First Permanent Artificial Heart Transplant, 761

3-Dec Greek Civil War Begins, 761 First Heart Transplant, 762 Bhopal Poison Gas Disaster, 762

4-Dec First English Pope Is Chosen, 763 Suttee Is Abolished in India, 763 Thanksgiving Day (Marshall Islands), 764

5-Dec Bermuda Triangle Disappearances, 764 Bophuthatswana Tribal Homeland Is Created (South Africa), 765

6-Dec Feast of St. Nicholas, 765 Irish Free State Is Proclaimed, 766 Destruction of Babri Mosque Sparks Riots in India, 767

7-Dec World War II: Japan Attacks the United States at Pearl Harbor, 767 Indonesia Invades East Timor, 767 Cte dIvoire National Day, 768

8-Dec Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, 768 John Lennon Is Murdered, 769 Superpowers Agree to Reduce Nuclear Arsenals, 771

9-Dec Spain Becomes a Republic, 771 Lech Walesa Is Elected President of Poland, 772 Famine Relief in Somalia Begins, 772 10-Dec Hanukkah, 773 League of Cambrai Is Formed, 774 First Pneumatic Tire Is Patented, 774 Spanish-American War: Treaty of Paris Is Signed, 774 United Nations Declaration of Human Rights Is Adopted, 774

11-Dec Englands King Edward VIII Abdicates, 775 UNICEF Is Established, 775 Sequencing of Worm DNA Is Complete, 776

12-Dec Our Lady of Guadalupe (Mexico), 776 Mona Lisa Is Recovered, 777

13-Dec Feast of Santa Lucia, 778 Council of Trent Begins, 779 Francis Drake Embarks on a Voyage around the World, 780 Rape of Nanking, 781

14-Dec

Max Planck Sets Forth the Tenets of Quantum Theory, 781 Roald Amundsen Reaches South Pole, 781 First President of Cyprus Is Proclaimed, 782 DNA Is First Created in a Test Tube, 782 15-Dec Bill of Rights Is Ratified (United States), 783 Glenn Miller Disappears, 783 Communist Rule in Romania Crumbles, 783

16-Dec Boston Tea Party, 784 Kansu Earthquake, 784 Bangladesh Achieves Independence (Victory Day), 784 First Limited Human Cloning, 785

17-Dec Saturnalia (Ancient Rome), 785 First Performance of Tchaikovskys The Nutcracker , 786 Wright Brothers Make First Airplane Flight, 786 First Heart, Lung, and Liver Transplant, 787 Haiti Holds Free Elections, 787

18-Dec Tasman Encounters the Maori (New Zealand), 788 United States Abolishes Slavery, 788 World War I: Battle of Verdun Ends, 788

19-Dec Opalia (Ancient Rome), 789 French Phase of Vietnam War Begins, 789 Operation Just Cause Begins, 790

20-Dec Russian Calendar Is Reorganized, 791 Louisiana Purchase, 791

NATO Assumes Peacekeeping Duties in Bosnia, 791

21-Dec Winter Begins, 792 Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, 792 Pilgrims Land at Plymouth Rock, 793 Premiere of Walt Disneys Snow White , 793 Republic of Ireland Bill Is Signed, 793 Pan Am Flight 103 Disaster, 794

22-Dec Fyodor Dostoyevsky Escapes a Firing Squad, 794 Alfred Dreyfus Is Convicted, 795

23-Dec "A Visit from Saint Nicholas" Is Published, 796 Night of the Radishes (Oaxaca, Mexico), 796 Transistor Is Invented, 797

24-Dec Christmas Eve, 797 Treaty of Ghent, 798 Ku Klux Klan Is Formed, 798

25-Dec Fast of the 10th of Tevet, 799 Christmas, 799 Hirohito Becomes Emperor of Japan, 800 Soviet Union Dissolves, 801

26-Dec Feast of St. Stephen, 801 Boxing Day, 802 Junkanoo (Bahamas), 802 Discovery of Radium, 803

First Black Boxer Wins World Heavyweight Title, 804 Kwanzaa, 804

27-Dec Radio City Music Hall Opens, 804 International Monetary Fund Is Established, 805 Spain Adopts a Democratic Constitution, 806 Anniversary of the Constitution (North Korea), 806

28-Dec Holy Innocents Day, 806 Chewing Gum Is Patented, 807 Earthquake Devastates Messina, Italy, 808

29-Dec Thomas Becket Is Assassinated, 808 Joyces A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Is Published, 809 Vclav Havel Is Elected President of Czechoslovakia, 810

30-Dec Death of Rasputin, 810 Soviet Union Is Formed, 811 Existence of Other Galaxies Is Announced, 812 Rizal Day (Philippines), 812

31-Dec New Years Eve, 813 British East India Company Is Chartered, 814 Death of Roberto Clemente, 814