Ships of the Future

September 5, 2012

Peter Hauschildt, Wolfgang Sichermann


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Ships of the Future

How will modern navies succeed in maintaining or even enhancing their capabilities under shrinking budgets?

Ships of the Future – Our Focus: Naval systems designed today to meet future capability requirements


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Ships of the Future


• • • •

Main Trends and Design Drivers Challenges and Ways Out New technologies for Surface Ships and Submarines Summary and Conclusion


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Main Trends & Design Drivers

• Increase in use of the maritime environment: sea trade, resources,
coastal population. symmetric threats.

• Asymmetric conflicts will equally drive designs alongside the traditional • Navies have to take care of new missions. • Increased interoperability at fleet and force level. • Personnel recruitment – qualitatively and quantitatively – training, and
retention makes creative approaches necessary.

• Combat loss is regarded less and less acceptable. • Navies have to more and more align with international regulations and
directives for the whole systems life cycle.


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Challenges & Ways Out

Affordability and the need to prepare for an uncertain future • Multi-mission, flexible and modular naval platforms • Reduced life cycle cost • Improved capabilities Energy & Environment • Increased energy efficiency (propulsion concepts, alternative fuels…) • Reduced emissions Society • Reduced crews • Employment of unmanned systems


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

The New MEKO® Modularity
Design / Building Modularity

• common buildings blocks for vessels • re-use of engineering
Weapon Modules Electronic Modules

Configuration Modularity (MEKO® Modularity)

• standard interfaces for different systems • easy change of systems during docking periods • e. g. MEKO® ships
Mission Modularity

Mast Modules Machinery Pallets

• exchange/enhance the capabilities • fast change of mission of mission modules • e. g. LCS, MEKO® CSL

ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

The New MEKO® Modularity Standard Sections Variant Sections Customized Areas

Variant 1

Variant 2

Variant 3

Three medium sized DE with three speed cross connection gearbox

Two medium sized DE with two PTI two reduction gearboxes

Two medium sized DE with two small sized DE two reduction gearboxes


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Use of Customized Areas

20 ft


20 ft


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Lightweight Materials
Steel-Aluminum-Foam Sandwich Properties • Superior stiffness – mass ratio • Increased material damping
(as compared to steel / Aluminum)

Base material: Steel-Aluminum-Foam Sandwich

Steel-Aluminum-Foam Structures Advantages • Reduced structural mass • Improved acoustics • Simple designs (less no. of parts) Application areas • Machinery foundations • Ship rudders • Mast modules

Prototype of Gear Box Foundation / Rudder


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Lightweight Materials - Applications


• Reduction of complexity • Weight savings 15 – 25 %


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Fuel Cell Power Generation
Fuel Cell Systems

• Zero NOx, zero SOx,
low CO2 emissions

• Increased energy efficiency by
exhaust heat recovery

• Superior survivability through
decentralization / modularization

Layout of Fuel Cell Power Generation (SOFC)

42 kW Fuel Cell Stack

Possible arrangement of Fuel Cell modules on a navy vessel


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Countering Asymmetric Threats – Directed Energy Weapons

• Employed to keep ship/boats at

• Scalable Defence Capabilities • Technology available to land
based systems

• Technology already introduced to
land-based systems

* HPEM: high power electro magnetic

Source: Diehl BGT Defence

Source: Rheinmetall Waffe Munition


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Power Supply
surface- / snorkel operation submerged operation

fuel oil propulsion system & hotel load

diesel air







Source: Siemens, Gaia, MTU, Piller


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Motivation for the Development of the Reformer-AIP-System

• • • •

significant increased AIP range lower investment costs easier logistic of reactants state of the art

• intake of seawater for weight compensating • •
is necessary cooling of waste heat high system complexity



3H2 + CO2


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Development of High Energy Lithium-Ion-Cells Ragone Plot for Different Battery Systems

Characteristic of Lithium-Ion-Cells: • Higher energy density compared to other technologies • Slighter dependence on power load compared to lead-acid-cell



ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Status of Development: Prototype of Lithium-Ion-Battery on “PlanetSolar”
Overview • Multihull vessel topped by a large array of photovoltaic solar panels • Built in 14 months • The biggest solar boat ever built Electrical Data • 648 Lithium-Ion Cells • Transmission of HDW Safety Concept • Capacity 1,13 MWh (Weight: 13 tons) Time Schedule • 04/2010 Launching • 08/2010 Sea trials • 09/2010 Circumnavigation of the world
© PlanetSolar

Goal The goal is to navigate around the world at an average speed of 7.5 knots


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Operational Advantages and Increased Performance Characteristics Increased Performance of Class 214
Submerged Cruising Range

Lithium Ion Battery Lead Acid Battery

Submerged cruising range of Li-Ion compared to Lead Acid [%]

Lithium Ion + FC


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Conclusion Lithium-Ion Technology
Lithium-Ion Technology fulfills all demands on a battery for submarines with an improved performance.

• • • • • • • •

High specific energy ✓ High specific power ✓ High efficiency ✓ No memory effect ✓ Gas-tight system ✓ No Maintenance ✓ Reduction of peripheral equipment ✓ Long lifecycle ✓


Lithium-Ion battery technology is available for: • New submarines • Retrofit of existing submarines


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Vertical Multi-Purpose Lock (VMPL)

fuel oil tank

deployment of divers and special forces

AUV hatch compensating tanks missiles hatch

mine revolver


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

IDAS – Interactive Defence and Attack System


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

IDAS Launching Container

Four (4) missiles per launching container Retrofitable to all standard torpedo tubes Torpedo tubes still can be used for other weapons Empty launching container can be used again


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Class 216 Flexible Payload – Casing Area

aft casing
3 pressure tight containers

forward casing
1 pressure tight container

3 TCM racks 1 pressue tight container

1 TCM racks

1 AUV garage

1 ROV garage


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Casing Module: Defence Launcher System


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Integration of UUVs: Available UUVs

• Use of already available UUV systems • SeaOtter MKII from ATLAS ELEKTRONIK • DAVID from Diehl BGT Defence • Two different demonstrators' for
UUV launch & recovery devices

• inside the casing for SeaOtter MKII • Inside a weapon tube for DAVID.


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Latest Practical Trials with Launch & Recovery System for Weapon Tubes

Trials at our harbour test facility in June 2011


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Our developments will enable future ships and submarines

• to be more cost efficient by the use of “building bricks” • to have more endurance and to be more “green”
• storing it’s energy more efficiently • using it’s energy more efficiently

• to have mission modules tailored to individual missions • to be versatile and fight with scalable impact • to show lower signatures
This will make ships and submarines by TKMS to be the premier tools for maritime security – especially when the focus is on stealth, durability, mission flexibility and endurance.


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems