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Ships of the Future

September 5, 2012

Peter Hauschildt, Wolfgang Sichermann

ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

Ships of the Future

How will modern navies succeed in maintaining or even enhancing their capabilities under shrinking budgets?

Ships of the Future Our Focus: Naval systems designed today to meet future capability requirements

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Ships of the Future


Main Trends and Design Drivers Challenges and Ways Out New technologies for Surface Ships and Submarines Summary and Conclusion

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Main Trends & Design Drivers

Increase in use of the maritime environment: sea trade, resources,

coastal population. symmetric threats.

Asymmetric conflicts will equally drive designs alongside the traditional Navies have to take care of new missions. Increased interoperability at fleet and force level. Personnel recruitment qualitatively and quantitatively training, and
retention makes creative approaches necessary.

Combat loss is regarded less and less acceptable. Navies have to more and more align with international regulations and
directives for the whole systems life cycle.

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Challenges & Ways Out

Affordability and the need to prepare for an uncertain future Multi-mission, flexible and modular naval platforms Reduced life cycle cost Improved capabilities Energy & Environment Increased energy efficiency (propulsion concepts, alternative fuels) Reduced emissions Society Reduced crews Employment of unmanned systems

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The New MEKO Modularity

Design / Building Modularity

common buildings blocks for vessels re-use of engineering

Weapon Modules Electronic Modules

Configuration Modularity (MEKO Modularity)

standard interfaces for different systems easy change of systems during docking periods e. g. MEKO ships
Mission Modularity

Mast Modules Machinery Pallets

exchange/enhance the capabilities fast change of mission of mission modules e. g. LCS, MEKO CSL

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The New MEKO Modularity Standard Sections Variant Sections Customized Areas

Variant 1

Variant 2

Variant 3

Three medium sized DE with three speed cross connection gearbox

Two medium sized DE with two PTI two reduction gearboxes

Two medium sized DE with two small sized DE two reduction gearboxes

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Use of Customized Areas

20 ft


20 ft

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Lightweight Materials
Steel-Aluminum-Foam Sandwich Properties Superior stiffness mass ratio Increased material damping
(as compared to steel / Aluminum)

Base material: Steel-Aluminum-Foam Sandwich

Steel-Aluminum-Foam Structures Advantages Reduced structural mass Improved acoustics Simple designs (less no. of parts) Application areas Machinery foundations Ship rudders Mast modules

Prototype of Gear Box Foundation / Rudder

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Lightweight Materials - Applications


Reduction of complexity Weight savings 15 25 %


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Fuel Cell Power Generation

Fuel Cell Systems

Zero NOx, zero SOx,

low CO2 emissions

Increased energy efficiency by

exhaust heat recovery

Superior survivability through

decentralization / modularization

Layout of Fuel Cell Power Generation (SOFC)

42 kW Fuel Cell Stack

Possible arrangement of Fuel Cell modules on a navy vessel


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Countering Asymmetric Threats Directed Energy Weapons


Employed to keep ship/boats at


Scalable Defence Capabilities Technology available to land

based systems

Technology already introduced to

land-based systems

* HPEM: high power electro magnetic

Source: Diehl BGT Defence

Source: Rheinmetall Waffe Munition


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Power Supply
surface- / snorkel operation submerged operation

fuel oil propulsion system & hotel load

diesel air







Source: Siemens, Gaia, MTU, Piller


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Motivation for the Development of the Reformer-AIP-System

significant increased AIP range lower investment costs easier logistic of reactants state of the art

intake of seawater for weight compensating

is necessary cooling of waste heat high system complexity



3H2 + CO2


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Development of High Energy Lithium-Ion-Cells Ragone Plot for Different Battery Systems

Characteristic of Lithium-Ion-Cells: Higher energy density compared to other technologies Slighter dependence on power load compared to lead-acid-cell



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Status of Development: Prototype of Lithium-Ion-Battery on PlanetSolar

Overview Multihull vessel topped by a large array of photovoltaic solar panels Built in 14 months The biggest solar boat ever built Electrical Data 648 Lithium-Ion Cells Transmission of HDW Safety Concept Capacity 1,13 MWh (Weight: 13 tons) Time Schedule 04/2010 Launching 08/2010 Sea trials 09/2010 Circumnavigation of the world

Goal The goal is to navigate around the world at an average speed of 7.5 knots


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Operational Advantages and Increased Performance Characteristics Increased Performance of Class 214
Submerged Cruising Range

Lithium Ion Battery Lead Acid Battery

Submerged cruising range of Li-Ion compared to Lead Acid [%]

Lithium Ion + FC


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Conclusion Lithium-Ion Technology

Lithium-Ion Technology fulfills all demands on a battery for submarines with an improved performance.

High specific energy High specific power High efficiency No memory effect Gas-tight system No Maintenance Reduction of peripheral equipment Long lifecycle


Lithium-Ion battery technology is available for: New submarines Retrofit of existing submarines


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Vertical Multi-Purpose Lock (VMPL)

fuel oil tank

deployment of divers and special forces

AUV hatch compensating tanks missiles hatch

mine revolver


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IDAS Interactive Defence and Attack System


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IDAS Launching Container

Four (4) missiles per launching container Retrofitable to all standard torpedo tubes Torpedo tubes still can be used for other weapons Empty launching container can be used again


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Class 216 Flexible Payload Casing Area

aft casing
3 pressure tight containers

forward casing
1 pressure tight container

3 TCM racks 1 pressue tight container

1 TCM racks

1 AUV garage

1 ROV garage


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Casing Module: Defence Launcher System


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Integration of UUVs: Available UUVs

Use of already available UUV systems SeaOtter MKII from ATLAS ELEKTRONIK DAVID from Diehl BGT Defence Two different demonstrators' for
UUV launch & recovery devices

inside the casing for SeaOtter MKII Inside a weapon tube for DAVID.


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Latest Practical Trials with Launch & Recovery System for Weapon Tubes

Trials at our harbour test facility in June 2011


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Our developments will enable future ships and submarines

to be more cost efficient by the use of building bricks to have more endurance and to be more green
storing its energy more efficiently using its energy more efficiently

to have mission modules tailored to individual missions to be versatile and fight with scalable impact to show lower signatures
This will make ships and submarines by TKMS to be the premier tools for maritime security especially when the focus is on stealth, durability, mission flexibility and endurance.


ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems