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1 CHECK

f'c
fy
b
d
As'
As
d'

A's

d
As

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

35
400
300
550
2 D 25
6 D 25
50

Mpa
Mpa
mm
mm
980
2940
mm

mm2
mm2

b
#1

#2

Calculate the , ', and min :


=
As
=
bd
' =
As'
=
bd
min =
1.4
=
fy

0.0178
0.0059
0.0035

Check the compression steel yields :


- '

0,85 1 f'c d'

600

fy d
0.0119
0.0119
#3

#4

#5

0.85

0.85
400

fs
fs

=
=

600

Calculate Mn :
Mn
=

600
309.71

Calculate stress block depth (a) :


a
=
a

35
550

50

600
600

0.0172

Calculate the compression steel stress (fs) :


fs
=
600

fs

600 - fy

2940

0,85 1 f'c d'


( - ')fy d
0.85
0.0119
0.483817

0.85
400

35 50
550

Mpa

As fy - As' fs
0,85 f'c b
400
0.85

35

980
300

309.71

As' fs (d - d')

980

309.71

97.76 mm

d-a

(As fy -As'fs)

2
Mn

2940

400

550

550
Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn

=
=
=
=

872,484.38
*
501.12
+
588,978,337.26
Nm
588.98
kNm
0.8
588.98
=

151,757,812.50

471.183

kNm

2 DESIGN
d'

A's

d
As

f'c

25

Mpa

fy
Mu
h
d'
d
b

=
=
=
=
=
=

400
780
700
70
630
0,5 h

Mpa
kNm
mm
mm
mm
350

mm

b
#1

Asumsi c

a
C
As

=
=
=

Mn1

240

mm

1 c
=
0,85 f'c b a
=
C
=
fy
As fy d - a

0.85
240
0.85
25
1517.25
1000
400
=
3,793.13

=
350
=

204
204
3,793.13

400

630

2
#2

#3

#4

Check whether the compression reinforcement is needed


Mn
=
Mu
=
780

0.8

975.00 kNm

Calculate remaining moment need to be provided by steel reinforcement


Mn2
=
Mn - Mn1
=
975.00
801.11
Check whether the compression steel has yields
s
=
0.003
c - d'
c
y

#5

fy
E

0.003

240

173.89

70

240
400
200000

0.0020

0.0021

Calculate the second part of solution and calculate total tension steel required
Mn2
=
A's fy d - d'
As'

As

Mn2
fy ( d - d' )
As1 + As'

173.89
400

630

3,793.13

1000000
70
776.30

4,569.43

#6

#7

Determine the steel reinforcement diameter used


6

30

As

6 x 1/4 d

Compression steel , Try

30

As'

2 x 1/4 d2

Re-check whether the compression steel reinforcement is yield


=
As
=
0.0192
bd
' =
As'
=
0.0064
bd
- ' =
0.0128
- '

0,85 1 f'c d'


fy d
0.0128

0.0128

0.85

0.85
400

#8

Tension steel , Try

Mn

Mn
Mn

=
=

600 - fy
25
70
630

600
600

0.0151

Re-check the moment capacity provided


a
=
(As - As') fy
0,85 f'c b
Mn

600

( As - As' ) fy

0.85 4,239.00
532311819
848.82 kNm

4,239.00
0.85
d-a
2
-

25

1,413.00
350

As' fs ( d - d' )

1,413.00
+

>

Mu

400

400

630

316512000
=
780

600
400

97.76

980

309.71

550

50

fy

400
2 . 10

Es
=

0,003 d'
(0,003 - y)

210

mm
=
1,517.25
3,793.13 mm2
-

204
2

>

Mn1

173.89

801.11

kNm

0.00
801.11

kNm

0.0021

0.0021

776.30

4,569.43

mm2

( diasumsikan )

kN

kNm

0.002
5

mm2

4,239.00

mm2

1,413.00

mm2

6 x 1/4 d
2 x 1/4 d

600
400

151.99

mm

151.99
2

kNm

1,413.00 400

630

70