Sie sind auf Seite 1von 25
SECTOR PROFILE - APICULTURE
SECTOR PROFILE - APICULTURE
SECTOR PROFILE - APICULTURE Karnataka Global Agribusiness & Food Processing Summit’11 Apiculture

Karnataka Global Agribusiness &

Food Processing Summit’11

Apiculture

Contents

Global context Indian scenario Destination Karnataka Project opportunities

List of abbreviations and references

Key contacts

Global Context

Global Context

Apiculture

Apiculture, also known as beekeeping, is the raising and care of bees for commercial or agricultural
Apiculture, also known as beekeeping, is the raising and care of
bees for commercial or agricultural purposes
Developed Economies
Developed Economies
According to Indian Council of
Honey
Agricultural Research, India
Developing Economies
Developing Economies
Developing Economies
Bee
Bee’s
venom
wax
needs 75 lakh bee colonies to
pollinate 12 major crops that are
entomophilous
Bee
Colony
Honey is majorly used as food in
developed countries and as
medicine in third world countries
Bee
Royal
collected
Jelly
Pollen
Bee collected pollen, propolis,
royal jelly, bee venom are used in
medicinal preparations
Propolis
The use of these products in
medical treatments is called
apitherapy

Source: Report by National Horticulture Mission, Maharashtra

Sector Profile

Global Context

Global exports (natural honey)

180.00 160.98 160.00 The global honey market is expected to reach to 1.9 Mn tonnes by
180.00
160.98
160.00
The global honey market is expected to reach to 1.9 Mn
tonnes by 2015
140.00
129.36
China leads world exports by volume while Argentina
leads by value of honey exported
120.00
100.21
100.00
81.72
73.75
Qty
Value
80.00
67.46
55.91
57.49
58.11
56.41
60.00
42.54
40.60
37.16
40.00
26.90
25.77
17.84
22.77 17.95
20.00
15.88
13.21
11.91 8.58
0.00
China
Argentina
Mexico
Brazil
Germany
India
Viet Nam
Spain
Hungary
Canada
New
Zealand
Natural Honey export trend (2009) (Qty in ‘000 MT and Value in Mn USD)
Source: APEDA report
Sector Profile
Apiculture
Slide 5

Global Context

Global imports (natural honey) 300.00 256.09 250.00 230.91 USA, Germany, Japan, UK, France are some major
Global imports (natural honey)
300.00
256.09
250.00
230.91
USA, Germany, Japan, UK, France are some major
importers of Honey and consume honey as food
200.00
150.00
102.78
95.47
100.00
87.23
85.31
82.59
Qty
Value
51.58
45.81
50.00
36.93
36.92
30.43
34.90
32.74
29.48
23.51
18.58
15.27 15.17
10.24 8.22
7.55
0.00
USA
Germany
Japan
United
France
Belgium
Spain
Italy
Netherlands
Saudi
Switzerland
Kingdom
Arabia
Natural Honey import trend (2009) )Qty in ‘000 MT and Value in Mn USD)
Source: APEDA report
Sector Profile
Apiculture
Slide 6

Indian scenario

Indian Scenario

Indian production scenario (2009)

Ethiopia, 40688

India, 43865

Brazil, 38765

Russia, 53598

Indian Scenario Indian production scenario (2009) Ethiopia, 40688 India, 43865 Russia, 53598 Mexico, 56071 US, 65366

Mexico, 56071

US, 65366

India ranks 8 th in the world in honey production and 1 st in production of Beeswax

China, 407367

Ukraine, 74000

Sector Profile

Turkey, 82003

  • Argentina, 83121

Honey produced (in Metric tonnes)

Indian Scenario

Indian export and import trend

quantity value Exports 45.65 42.54 25.49 19.83 17.95 14.34 2007 2008 2009 quantity value Imports 3.17
quantity
value
Exports
45.65
42.54
25.49
19.83
17.95
14.34
2007
2008
2009
quantity
value
Imports
3.17
2.73
2.62
2.4
2.2
1.88
2007
2008
2009

Source: APEDA report Sector Profile Apiculture

  • There are about 10 lakh apis cerena (Indigenous breed) and 2 lakh apis mellifera (European breed) bee colonies in India managed by 2.5 lakh bee keepers

  • The proportion of apiary honey in India is very less when compared to tropical traditionally collected honey

  • About 70 % of India’s honey export is to the USA

  • Indian honey is majorly from Apis Cerena (Tropical honey) that is high in moisture content.

  • Harvesting and export of non honey apiculture products like bee wax, bee venom etc should be encouraged in India to increase returns to apiculturists

Slide 9

The Indian Scenario

Enhancing export potential MEETING THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS Promoting International Trade Enhancing Product Competitiveness Others India has
Enhancing export potential
MEETING THE
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS
Promoting International Trade
Enhancing Product Competitiveness
Others
India
has
a
wide
range
of
collaborations
with
various
international
organisations
(approved
by
WTO)
with
strong
commitment
towards
international standards

Sector Profile

Destination Karnataka

Destination Karnataka

Strategic location

Destination Karnataka Strategic location STRATEGIC LOCATION FOR INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC MARKET  Located at the west
STRATEGIC LOCATION FOR INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC MARKET  Located at the west coast of India and
STRATEGIC LOCATION FOR INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC MARKET
Located at the west coast of India and well connected with major ports
worldwide.
300 KM long coast line with 1 major and 10 minor ports.
Home to an international community with emerging market for value added
products.
Excellently connected to the complete domestic market with 5 airports, 14
national highways, 114 state highways and railways.

Sector Profile

Destination Karnataka

Production trend

No of honey bee hives apis dorsata/ apis florea, apis cerena, 86000 108500 stingless trigona, 54600
No of honey bee hives
apis dorsata/
apis florea,
apis cerena,
86000
108500
stingless
trigona, 54600
apis mellifera,

200

Honey produced (in kilograms) apis cerena, 178000 apis dorsata/ apis florea, 406000 stingless trigona, 6000 apis
Honey produced (in kilograms)
apis cerena,
178000
apis dorsata/
apis florea,
406000
stingless
trigona,
6000
apis mellifera,
6000
  • Dakshin kannada, Kodagu, Uttar kannada, Udupi, Mangalore and Chikmagalur are some of the leading honey producing districts in Karnataka

  • Karnataka has about 17800 beekeepers engaged in apiculture

  • Karnataka has 12 honey processing units involved in procurement of honey from tribal population, farmers and bee keepers

  • Apis Mellifera bees which are immune to Thisack brood disease is being introduced by the State Government

Sector Profile

Project opportunities

Agri Input

Horticulture

High quality seeds and saplings including hybrid / improved varieties Plant protection chemicals Bio pesticides Agro based insecticides and pesticides Integrated pest management Seed certification

Rejuvenation / replacement of senile plantations Cut flowers Cut foliage Garden flowers Flowering pot plants Tropical foliage pot Young plants from seed

Irrigation Sector

Young plants from cutting Outdoor vegetables

Integrated irrigation systems including drip, sprinklers, fertigation, micro irrigation and water harvesting structures Water shed management Water management & conservation Waste land development Dry land cultivation technologies

Mushroom cultivation Horticulture chain management Floral design and management Horticulture management Food crop horticulture Advise information services Equipment / Supplies Automation Arboriculture

Agriculture

Tissue culture

Agri Ecology Crop nutrition Plant propagation Plant breeding Pollination management Production and usage of food composition data Forest and nature conservation Soil conservation Organic agriculture

Production of Hybrid / improved varieties of seeds and saplings, vegetable seed production Plant Propagation Material Transgenic plants

Sector Profile

Fisheries, Aqua & Marine

Apiculture

Aquaculture-Freshwater, brackish water, mariculture and coldwater New-generation, fuel efficient, multi-purpose fishing vessels Innovative gears to exploit deeper water fishes Seed production, grow out technology for ornamental fishes Open sea mariculture for fish and shellfish Aquaculture or any other frontier technology having agro industrial application Bioactive and pharmaceutically important products from aquatic resources On board and on shore equipments for fishing and fish processing Monitoring and evaluation of resource use and fisheries impact Fishery waste utilization

Bee Products Bee equipments Bee keeping management Bee pollination Bee diseases & controls Bee colonies, hives & equipments Pesticides Natural honey Bee pollen Candles, honey sticks, bee wax and other bee products

Dairying, Poultry farming and Animal husbandry

Sericulture

Herd improvement, health and fertility Artificial insemination Pest management for animal husbandry Animal health care, breeding and disease management Fodder development Feed processing plant Animal feed Livestock management Dairy husbandry Pig husbandry Poultry husbandry Companion animal management

Silk worm rearing Cultivation & Harvesting of Mulberry Pesticides Ahimsa silk

Sector Profile

Agri Engineering

Agro based Industry - Hi-tech cultivation under controlled

climatic conditions

Agri-Horti engineering Rural agriculture technologies Rural engineering Farm equipment sectors, farm productivity improvement machinery, farm mechanization, etc Precision machinery for rain fed, irrigation and hill agriculture, horticulture, livestock, fisheries production Conveying, transport and storage facilities Spray equipments Harvesting machinery Field handling and storage systems machinery, equipments for sorting, handling and packing products immediately after harvest and systems for conditioned storage of produce Post harvest technology Energy management in agriculture and processing Bio fertilizers, Bio compost units Recycling system Technology, plant and machinery to convert agricultural waste products & materials to useful food & non food value added end product Value addition to agriculture produce, processing and utilization of by products Manufacturing and servicing of agri- implements Utilization of surplus agriculture residues for decentralized power generation Renewable energy Others

Green house design and construction Green house sub-system design and construction Green house cultivation for export & domestic markets Floriculture, horticulture, development of seeds, animal husbandry, pisciculture, aqua culture, cultivation of vegetables, fruits, mushrooms under controlled conditions and services related to agriculture and allied sectors Precision farming and IT based horticulture Large scale glasshouse vegetable production Mushroom cultivation and processing under controlled environment Plasticulture Development and multiplication of nucleus stock Controlled environment growing including greenhouse / poly house growing for exotic vegetables, other vegetables, fruits, bulbs, tubers, cut flowers, pot plants and ornamental plants, foliages / branch / buds, rooted cuttings, dried flowers’ leaves • Model nurseries and small nurseries Hydroponics

Sector Profile

Food Technology, Food Engineering and Processing

 

Biochemistry and nutrition Fermentation technology and bioengineering Food microbiology Food engineering Food technology Consultancy/engineering related to processing/production Product orientation / equipment / special machinery Food processing technology and

Cheese equipment Ice cream equipment Prepared food equipment Shelf-stable food equipment Animal feed manufacturers and suppliers of installations and machinery Sterilization Aseptic filling Closing equipments Coating

Industrial peeling lines Dry brushing machines Drying equipment Pasteurization and drying equipments Slicers/cutting lines Sprayers and depositing lines Refrigeration and air-conditioning for agro and food processing industries Cooling equipment Food additives Food packaging technology

equipment manufacturing Fresh produce preservation Dairy and liquid foods- machinery, equipment and complete

Cooking Filling lines Freezing and chilling equipment Dehydration

Packaging - Wide range of packaging machines and lines Foil packaging machines Development of packaging standards

production systems

Individually Quick Frozen

and

design, quality management,

General food processing - meat, fish, vegetables, fruits, cocoa, etc

Puree & powders Concentrates

quality assurance and quality control system such as ISO series, HACCP,

Freezing and chilling - meat, seafood,

Frying and filtration

TQM, etc.

poultry, ready-to-eat meals, fruit, vegetable and bakery products Machinery, equipment for grain handling and processing, pet and fish food industry, etc. Pulses processing driers, colour sorters, packaging units

Storage equipment Herbal extraction processing line Fermentation equipment Pelleting and extruding equipment Citrus Extractor Puree processing line Clear juice processing line

Food protectants and infestation control Traceability Sanitation Food Safety/HACCP Food safety and analytical quality control

Bakery equipment machinery, equipment (traditional and industrial) Protein processing equipment - portioning, coating and cooking - poultry, meat, seafood, vegetable and bakery products Dairy equipment Beverage equipment

Jam production line Tubers and roots processing line Vegetable puree processing line Potato French fries production line Potato chips production line Mixers Ovens Sorting and grading equipment

Automation systems Weighing and dispensing systems Coding and bar coding Logistics Materials handling Bulk materials handling

Sector Profile

Agro based Industry - Vegetables and Fruit processing

Agro based Industry Grains processing, Bakery and Confectionery

Fruit pulps & juices Soups and sauces Juice, nectar and still drinks Tomato paste Diced / pulp production Canned fruits & vegetables Jams Squashes Pickles & chutney Cooking intermediaries Ready-to-eat items Preserved and processed organic fruits Desserts and fruits preparations Preserved and processed mushrooms Fried chips French fries Cocoa products Ready-to-serve beverages Confectionary

Modern rice mills Breakfast cereals Wheat flour mills Whole bran wheat flour Fortified wheat flour Rice flours Other cereal flour Maize corn flour Whole wheat muffins Ready-to-eat snacks Starch material Baked products yeast bread, ginger bread Shredded wheat biscuits, puffed wheat and puffed rice, flaked wheat, flaked rice Chocolates Corn oil with specific consumer desired attributes Corn processing Coarse cereals Soy and dairy alternatives Rice, grain and seed drinks Custard powder Macaroni and cheese Jaggery cane, palmyra, raw cane Chewing gum Groundnuts processing Pasta Pappad Stuffed paste - cooked and uncooked

Sector Profile

Agro based Industry - Spice products

Agro based Industry - Aqua & Marine products

Spice mixes Spice blends Dehydrated spice Frozen dried spice Spice in brine Other value added products Spice oil and Oleoresins Essential oils Herbal extractions Herbal cosmetics Medicinal extractions from flowers, dyes, pigments, deodorants, scents, dried flowers, etc Herbal medicines Aromatics Tannin Pectin Vegetable oil

Processing of shrimp, mud crab, Indian mackerel, sear fish, sea crab, white prawn, flower prawn, brown shrimp, king prawn, marine shrimp, cuttle fish, black tip shark, deep sea shrimp, sand lobster, spiny lobster, deep sea lobster, squid, octopus, green mussel, clam, oyster, pearl oyster etc. Minced fish products fish sausage, cakes, cutlets, pastes, surimi, texturised products, dry fish Medicinal products spirullina, cholorella, algae, scenedesmus, natural calcium from shells, fish oils Frozen marine products IQF marine products Canned shrimps and prawns Lobster and cuttle fish Squid tubes Canned fish Dried fish Aquarium fishes Dried shark fins Dried cuttle fish bones Dried fish maws Processed fish maws Prawn flakes Chitin Sea cucumber Dried squid Jelly fish Dried tuna masi Semi refined and refined products

Sector Profile

Agro based Industry - Animal, dairy and poultry products

Agro based Industry - Hi-tech and Biotechnology based agriculture and Research

Value added milk products milk and cream in powder, packaged milk, butter, ghee, ready-to-drink milk products, butter milk, milk for babies, skimmed milk powder, other milk powder Pasteurized milk UHT milk Cheese - semi hard, cottage, fresh &hard Malted milk food Low cholesterol ghee fortified with herbs Ice cream Moulded ice cream, filled ice cream, extruded ice cream, low temperature ice cream Edible poultry meats fresh, frozen and others Poultry products produced from birds fed on organically produced feed Egg products Dried / cooked / frozen / preserved Animal casing cattle, sheep, casings of other animals, guts for animal casing, bladders and stomach of animals Preserved meat Meat extracts and meat juices Sheep / goat meat fresh/frozen Sausages and canned meat Homogenized meat preparations Carcass of lamb and sheep fresh / frozen Meat of sheep with bone fresh / frozen Boneless meat of sheep fresh / frozen

Agricultural and bio-research engineering Development of decision support systems for micro level land use planning Climate resilient agriculture Conservation agriculture including organic farming Bioremediation of contaminated soils and water Production of transgenic plant Mass multiplication of parasites/ predators Gene prospection and allele mining in fruits and vegetables grown under various environmental conditions Green house cultivation Tissue culture Technology for rehabilitation of existing tissue culture units Nutrient dynamics and interaction Insect pollinators for improving productivity and quality of horticultural crops Development of varieties for cultivation in non-traditional areas Standardization of aeroponics, hydroponics techniques in fruits and vegetables production Studies on nutritive quality & nutraceutical traits in fruits and vegetables. Post harvest and value addition in horticulture crops

Modified atmosphere packaging for long storability and transportation of fruits and vegetables Fermentation plant for bio-fertilizers Incubation Gene mapping Cloning Genetic Engineering Genetically modified organisms Biotechnology and molecular biology in animal science Research in veterinary science Animal science research Dairy science research Stem cell research for animal health and protection Animal bio-genetic laboratories Bio control labs Abiotic stress management (droughts, floods, salinity, alkalinity, acidity and nutritional disorders etc ) Bio fortification Fish genetics and biotechnology Marine biology research Improved processing technologies for fishery products and by-products of international standards Development of bioactive and pharmaceutically important products from aquatic resources Bio fuels Bio-industrial watersheds

Sector Profile

Agri Infrastructure Post harvest Infrastructure

Agri Infrastructure Agri-Horti Animal Husbandry Fisheries Food Processing Corridor of Excellence Industrial Infrastructure

Network of collection centers, storage halls, pre cooling, cold storage, primary processing centers, mobile processing units, high humidity cold storage, deep freezers, controlled atmospheric storage, modified atmospheric storage, grading & packing halls, pack houses, refrigerated transport, warehouses, etc Mechanization of harvest operation of the produce Sheds for intermediate storage and grading / storage / cleaning operation of produce Mechanized handling facilities including sorting, grading, washing, waxing, ripening, packaging & palletisation etc Modern silo storage system Facilities for pre-shipment treatment such as fumigation, X- ray screening, hot water dip treatment, water softening

Agribusiness Investment Region Food park Agri Special economic zone Common processing hub Quarantine facility Auction hall Quality control lab Quality certification center Central processing center Agribusiness Investment Area for major commodities Agri Jetty/port Railway siding for handling agro commodities Transportation hub Dairy processing centre

plant, Vapor heat treatment, electronic beam processing, irradiation facilities, etc

Harvest and post-harvest technologies for fisheries like new

Modern fishing harbour Fish landing center Modern abattoir

generation fishing vessels and gears, processing, value addition, packaging Specialized transport units for horticulture and floriculture sector, fisheries and animal products

Agri Horti Animal Husbandry Fisheries Food Processing Corridor of Excellence Education & Knowledge hubs

Perishable air cargo complex Terminal markets Integrated agri-logistics infrastructure and hubs Retail outlets for perishable & non-perishable products

Centre of Excellence Market Information centers Know-how dissemination centers Agriculture education hubs R&D institutions Common service centers

Sector Profile

Capacity development, Skill

Management and other areas

Agro based industry & infrastructure

development

& other areas

Agri Portal Knowledge based agri solutions Remote sensing and database management, GIS Agriculture extension services Agribusiness consultancy Research, Development and training Testing of water, soil residues of pesticide, veterinary drugs, hormones, toxins contaminants in agricultural produce / products Capacity building Quality improvement and certification, standardization and quality control Human resource development Quality Control labs

Agriculture and Rural financing Financing International Agro based Projects Turnkey projects & knowledge transfer Dissemination of market information data base on products, infrastructure, markets and pre-feasibility surveys / study Agri-rural crop / animal / livestock insurance Sustainable production system Sustainable farming Farm management Plant breeders rights Fisheries and Animal husbandry governance

Natural resource management like land resource management, water managements, soil health and nutrition management, management of problematic soils, soil and water conservation, crop diversification, rain fed and dry land farming, agro forestry management, weed management, etc. Infant and baby food industry Mineral water Coffee processing Rubber processing Sandal wood preservation Sandal wood products Alcoholic beverages wine, whiskies, brandies, rum etc.

Up gradation and recognition of labs for export testing Agri clinics

Food and agri business management Food chain management Automation and data processing Marketing and quality assurance Marketing & Export Services Retail trade Packaging industry & branding

Carbonated soft drinks Fertilizer Agri / Horti / Eco tourism Rural infrastructure CSR initiatives in agriculture and allied sectors

Sector Profile

List of abbreviations and references APEDA Agricultural and Processed food products Export development Authority Mn Million

List of abbreviations and references

APEDA

Agricultural and Processed food products Export development Authority

Mn

Million

Qty

Quantity

USD

United States Dollars

MT

Metric Tonne

VAP

Value Added Product

Kms

Kilo Metres

UK

United Kingdom

USA

United States of America

References:

  • 1. Faostat data

  • 2. APEDA report

  • 3. National Horticulture Mission report

Contact The Managing Director Karnataka State Agricultural Produce Processing and Export Corporation Limited (A Government of

Contact

The Managing Director Karnataka State Agricultural Produce Processing and Export

Corporation Limited

(A Government of Karnataka Enterprise)

No.17, Richmond Road Bangalore 560025 INDIA

Phone: +91 80 2227 1194 / 2224 3082

Fax:

+91 80 2227 8974

Email: kappec@dataone.in

Additional Information

http://www.bounteouskarnataka.com

Disclaimer: This presentation has been prepared for general guidance on matters of interest only. The reader should not act upon the information contained in this presentation without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this presentation, and, to the extent permitted by law, GoK, its consultants, its members, employees and agents accept no liability, and disclaim all responsibility, for the consequences of reader or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this presentation or for any decision based on it.

Apiculture