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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Executive Summary
While employers are one of the most important stakeholders of universities, there is limited research in Bangladesh in employer satisfaction with the quality of private university graduates and on the key capabilities of graduates for employers in various professions. Such research is critical as governments in many countries are enhancing quality assurance of higher education with a focus on academic standards and the extent to which student have achieved learning outcomes. This paper outlines the findings of a survey undertaken with 32 employers and professional on their satisfaction with selected top eight private university graduates with respect to the key capabilities in graduates employers seek. There is some area where improvement is needed. The paper also looks at the employer's views about the key skills and attributes needed in private university graduates to meet changing industry trends in various professions. Further, an area that will be important to investigate is the designing of curricula to include assessment of core attributes highlighted in employer surveys.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

1.0 Introduction
1.1Problem Statement
Inadequate number of quality higher educational intuitions lead thousands of Bangladeshi students goes abroad in cost of valuable foreign exchange. Over the last two decades, a total of 54 private universities have been established in the country. Some of the universities have established a strong position on providing quality education. The establishment of private
university is relatively a new phenomenon in this country. In early 1990s, private sector came forward to establish universities. Since then country experienced a spectacular growth in private universities they were mostly in and around Dhaka. After deregulation program, private sector participation is increasing significantly in Bangladesh, especially in some area of service sector. As a reform initiative of public sector management, government shifted its policy in early 1990s in higher education sector. This program makes a pressure to public university and creates a competitive environment in country higher education. Though 81 universities are (including National University and Open University) providing higher education but it is widely saying that the quality of higher education has declined steadily. Public university is the best options of the students for higher education and then comes private university. With a few exceptions, public universities are failing to meet the market demand and suffering from low governance. Private university emerged as an alternative to cope up with the expanded demand of higher education. Only a few of them are maintaining standard but a huge allegation are being raised against the rests. It was hoped that Higher Education Quality (HEQ) will be ensured with the competition of both the sectors. But it is commonly saying that the quality of higher education is declining rapidly, in some areas quite alarmingly. According to academicians, researchers, various committee (UGC led High Powered Committee, 2003) or commissions report (UGC, PSC), newspapers report and public perception, are the quality of education of the private university is deteriorating sharply. So this research is aimed to measure the perception of employers about

the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh. That means the problem statement of the study is: The Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

1.2 Objective of the study


The main objective of this study is to investigate the perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh. Other than this major objective, this paper has three more specific objectives. These are: 1. To trace the most preferred private university by employers. 2. To find their preferences to recruit the graduates from this universities. 3. Acquiring employer feedback on the university's graduate skills and attributes that employers consider as most important.

1.3 Literatures Review:


In Bangladesh, only a few studies have been done to explore the education quality of private universities. UNESCO and IIEP have conducted a research in 2006. This study analyzes growth and expansion of the private sector and discusses the financing, management and administrative control, and regulation of quality control measures. In that study, the researchers took into account the indicators among others, those are selected for this study. Syed Saad Andaleeb (2003) conducted another study in 2003 used 9 factor model to explain the satisfaction of alumni with their education. These factors include teacher quality, method and content, peer quality, facilities and resources, the effectiveness of the administration, campus politics, gender and year of graduation. A study by Jamal (2002) explored the role of private universities in human resource development. The aim of the study is to analyze the effectiveness of private universities in promoting quality higher education in Bangladesh and their contribution to human resource development (HRD) in the country. He argued that despite many shortcomings, private universities provide a global flavor to their students. Some of their facilities are of a very high standard. In fact, taking advantages of shortcomings of the Private University Act (PAU) 1992, many universities have been established that lack essential academic infrastructures. These universities are likely to bring bad name to others who are providing high quality education in the country. Finally he argued that though at a high cost, private universities in Bangladesh definitely have contribution in human resource development. Ewis and Smith (1998) in their book Total Quality in Higher Education focused four pillars of Quality. According to them 4 pillars are serving the customer, continuous improvement, managing with facts, and respect for people. All are distinct, but equal in potential strength. All four must be addressed; minimizing one weakens the others. By not addressing one, the entire house of quality will fail.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Andrea Bonaccorsi et. al (2007) in their book University: Strategic Knowledge Creation identified variables in six broad areas to analyze the quality of higher education. Those areas are; general information on HEIs, revenues, expenditures, personnel, education production and research and technology production. International workshop on the development of measurements for higher education quality assurance in Bangladesh (2007) proposed indicators/measures of higher education quality in Bangladesh. In working paper-2, the workshop proposed some areas with specific parameter. Some of the areas are; purpose and objective, faculty, instruction, student service, library, laboratories, infrastructure, research culture, etc. Another conference on higher education in the Asia-Pacific Region was organized by UNESCO in Macao held in 25-26 September, 2008. In conference report highlighted some key issues, such as; statements of intent, institutions and policy, curricula, equity and participation, research, teaching and service, etc. Shun-Hsing et. al. establish performance evaluation indicators for higher education. The study concluded with 18 important evaluation items and 84 indicators through the Delphi Method. They divided the areas in input, process and output aspect. Every area has some factors or items those are explained by various indicators. According to Shun-Hsing Study the factors are 1. Input aspect: Student quality, faculty resources, financial resources, teaching resources, student structure, and development target. 2. Process Aspect: Teaching quality, research results, curriculum planning, tutorship result, retention rate, and 3. Output Aspect: School reputation, financial donation, Strategic Planning for Higher Education in Bangladesh: 2006-2026 (2006) talked about the infrastructure and faculty quality of private universities with other relevant issues. This report pointed out, a large number of private universities are operating in makeshift arrangements in hired accommodation. They have failed to meet the minimum requirements of physical infrastructures, full time qualified faculty, teaching aids and other facilities that are essential for imparting proper education. UGC recently published its Annual Report 2011. In this report UGC recommended that student intake should be merit-based, more transparent and legitimized. Moreover, report focused on the infrastructure, quality faculty. It says, more education facilities should be provided. UGC prescribed rules must be followed at the faculty selection. Mohammed Ehsan (2008) in his book Higher Education Governance in Bangladesh focused that qualified full time faculty members must be recruited in the private universities, at least 80 percent faculty members should be full time. Ehsan expressed his concern, unless campus facilities are upgraded largely, we cannot expect vibrant academic atmosphere in the private universities. In his book he tried to explore the status of governance in Public and Private Universities in Bangladesh.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

2.0Methodology
The study is done as a project/thesis paper under MBA program of University of Dhaka. The way in which the study is conducted and finalized is described below:

2.1 Research Type:


The research is undertaken to investigate the perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh. Thus, the study is going to conduct a descriptive research. Respondents are drawn from the entire population and information is obtained from this sample only once. Thus, the descriptive research is of a single cross-sectional design. In the following diagram, boxes with paste color represent the way in which the research is designed.

Figure 1: Research Design

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

2.2 Sampling Frame:


The sampling frame for this study includes Employees of Human resource Department from different industries including Banks, Pharmaceuticals and Consumer goods Company etc. The rationale behind choosing this frame is that people from human resource department are mostly the responsible person to recruit employees. So they know better the criteria a good employee should posses and among them how many qualities the private university students have.

2.3 Sample Size:


In any population distribution, the majority of the numbers are often found to be clustering around the mean or the central value. This occurs due to the central tendency. To get a symmetrical and bell-shaped normal curve for the distribution, it is necessary to have at least 30 samples. For this paper 32 samples were taken. Among the samples, everyone is an either an upper level employee of Human Resource department of their respective organization or member of top level management who are involved directly in the recruitment process.

2.4 Sampling Technique


The samples in the sampling frame did not have the equal chance to get selected for the study. The samples in the study were selected in a non-probability basis. Judgmental sampling technique was used for this. The rationale behind choosing this technique is that it requires less time and it is easy to measure.

2.5 Source of Data


The study mostly depends on primary data. There is hardly any work conducted or published in Bangladesh related to this topic. Thus, secondary data source includes articles, publications, columns, blogs, etc. published in journal found in internet.

2.6 Data Type


Descriptive research requires both qualitative and quantitative data for better analysis. In this study, qualitative data is obtained to get the independent variable. Quantitative data is obtained directly in some cases, and in other cases qualitative data is converted into quantitative data based on statistical tools needed in the study.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

2.7 Data Collection


From the sampling frame, a survey was conducted to collect the information. Face to face interview was the survey method. The data collection process was structured. A questionnaire was used for this purpose. The questions were prearranged based on the flow of information required and the ease of analysis. The survey invited respondents to identify, from their perspective as an employer, the most important attributes, abilities, skills and knowledge needed by graduates for effective performance in their particular profession. Respondents were asked to indicate their degree of agreement with each of the series of statement given in the questionnaire. As the preferred quality 14 specific aspects of professional capability identified in a set of national and international studies of early career graduates in nine professions (Vescio, 2005) were put on the questionnaire. Respondents were then asked to rate the extent to which the graduates possess each of these capabilities

2.8 Questionnaire Design


The survey questionnaire [see appendix] includes structured questions. Demographical questions are not included here. Structured questions are the questions in which respondents have to make choice from given alternatives. The questionnaire includes 9-points likert scale ranging from Extremely Disagree to Extremely Agree.

2.9 Statistical Tools


Once the questionnaire was prepared, a database was created using SPSS 17 software. After the data collection, data has been entered and analysis was done. The analytical tables were modified taking those into Microsoft Excel 2010.

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3.0History of Private University in bangladesh


The positive role of private Universities in the higher education in Bangladesh is now undeniable (Siddique 2005). The epoch-making Private University Act was passed in 1992. To meet the increasing demand for higher education and develop skilled, efficient and competent manpower the then Government felt the need for establishing private universities and approved the Private University Act 1992. Islam S. (2003) states that education was seen as the essential factors for rapid economic growth and formal education controlled by the state, as the indispensable instrument for improving the production capacities of a population. Most countries of the world are now facing the dilemmas of having to satisfy the need of the increased demand for education (Islam S. 2003). Higher education system needs to be flexible if they are to be the most effective (Muzaffar A.T. and Khan A.H. 2004). Education systems need to be able to adapt quickly to changing enrolment levels, to the rise and fall of different fields of study and to changes in the mix of skills demanded in the labor market. Muzaffar and Khan (2004) also argued that open systems are more likely to keep pace with significant external changes. The true growth of an economy depends on the development of a nation and its citizens as human resources and higher education plays an inevitable role in such context. Bangladesh is also not an exception to this. At present there are more than 54 private universities in the country. Therefore, now what matters in this connection is not the number but the quality. A good university must ensure quality education for its students. But to be an international standard institution of higher education it is not an easy job for a university.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

3.1 Number of Private Universities in Bangladesh:


At present there are 54 private universities in the country. Here is the list of all universities with their location and established date. Serial 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. University Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology American International University-Bangladesh Asian University of Bangladesh Asa University Bangladesh Atish Dipankar University of Science and Technology Bangladesh Islami University Bangladesh University Bangladesh University of Business and Technology BRAC University Central Womens University City University, Bangladesh Daffodil International University Darul Ihsan University Dhaka International University Eastern University, Bangladesh East West University Gono Bishwabidyalay 2001 2003 2001 1993 2002 2002 1989 1995 2003 1996 1996 Established 1995 1994 1996 2006 2004 Location Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka

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18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37.

Green University of Bangladesh IBAIS University Independent University, Bangladesh

2002 2002 1993

Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka

International University of Business Agriculture and 1991 Technology Manarat International University Millennium University Northern University, Bangladesh North South University Peoples University of Bangladesh Presidency University Prime University Primeasia University Queens University Royal University of Dhaka Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology Southeast University Stamford University Bangladesh State University of Bangladesh United International University University of Asia Pacific (Bangladesh) 2001 2003 2002 1992 1996 2003 2002 2003 1996 2003 2003 2002 2002 2002 2003 1996

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38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54.

University of Development Alternative University of Information Technology and Sciences University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh University of South Asia, Bangladesh Uttara University Victoria University of Bangladesh World University of Bangladesh Begum Gulchemonara Trust University East Delta University International Islamic University, Chittagong Premier University, Chittagong Southern University, Bangladesh University of Science & Technology Chittagong Leading University Metropolitan University Sylhet International University Pundra University of Science and Technology

2002 2003 2004 2003 2003 2003 2003 2002 2006 1995 2002 2001 1989 2002 2003 2001 2001

Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Dhaka Chittagong Chittagong Chittagong Chittagong Chittagong Chittagong Sylhet Sylhet Sylhet Bogra

3.2 Ranking of private university in Bangladesh by UGC:


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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Actually there are no rankings of private universities in Bangladesh by any proper authorities or Government. But according to the following criteria the universities ranking may sorting as follows in Bangladesh: Criteria: (1) Universities activities concentrated to students proper education parallel to international standardize. (2) Number of PHD holders Teachers (3) Achievement of global and local endowed activities (4) After graduation students enrollment rate to multinational or brand corporate or high Entrepreneurship. (5) Comparable less education cost (6) Number of universities collaborated with in abroad (7) Number of Scholarship facilities (8) Number of Graduate Scholars output (9) Well equipped modern infrastructure facilities campus, faculty, lab, classroom etc. (10) Governing Bodies around with number of erudite personalities.

Universities Ranking:
(1) American International University ( AIUB) (2) North South University ( NSU) (3) United International University (UIU) (4) Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST) (5) BRAC University (BRACU) (6) Independent University Bangladesh (IUB) (7) East West University (EWU) (8) University of Asia Pacific (UAP)

3.3 Overviews of top ranked Eight Private Universities:


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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

3.3.1 American International University (AIUB)


American International University-Bangladesh

AIUB Logo American International University-Bangladesh (Bengali: -) (AIUB) is a private research university located at Banani in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It was established in 1994 by Anwarul Abedin under the Private University Act, 1992. American International University - Bangladesh (AIUB) is a government approved private university founded in 1994 by Dr. Anwarul Abedin. The university is an independent organization with its own Board of Trustees. It offers several degree programs at graduate and undergraduate level from its four faculties. As of 2012, The University has over 10,725 students with over 277 full-time faculty members and 8,608 Alumni.

Academics
The academic programs gradually develop around the Faculty of Science and Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Business Administration, and Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences. AIUB is the first university of the nation to offer the Agribusiness MBA (AgMBA) program. The Master of Engineering in Telecommunications (M.Eng. in Telecommunications) is a joint degree program by the Faculty of Science & IT and Faculty of Engineering. AIUB has been offering the program since spring 200809.

Publications
AIUB publishes two academic journals: AIUB Journal of Science and Engineering (AJSE) (ISSN 1608-3679) and AIUB Journal of Business and Economics (AJBE), (ISSN 1683-

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8742). Since the first publications in 2002 by the Office of Research & Publications (ORP) of AIUB, three issues per year are published. AIUB has launched an online databank, which contains historical financial data of nation's business, stock market, economic data and HR data.

Infrastructure
The university has the following labs:

Analog Electronics Lab Computer Hardware and Architecture Lab Computer Networks Lab Control System Lab Digital Electronics Lab Digital Signal Processing Lab Electrical Circuits Lab Electrical Machines Lab Measurement & Instrumentation Lab Microcomputer Lab Microprocessor Lab Microwave Engineering Lab Motor and Transformer Winding Repair Shop PCB Etching Room Industrial and Power Electronics Lab Telecommunications Lab VLSI Lab VHDL & Logic Synthesis Lab Switch Gear Project lab Cellular Communication Lab

AIUB Library
There are about 32,000 books, 96 online journals and others articles, periodicals, CDs, video covering more than 80 academic areas in the AIUB library. Page 14

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

The auditorium serves as an activity room for extracurricular activities. It can hold 210 people. The auditorium is used for seminars, meetings, special classes, business presentation and the like. It is equipped with state-of-art facilities. AIUB provides separate male and female housing facilities for international students and outof-Dhaka students. AIUB also provides separate male and female prayer room for muslim students.

Extracurricular activities
AIUB is one of the only five universities from Bangladesh who have participated in the maximum level of ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest (ACM ICPC) commonly known as ACM ICPC World Final. In 2001, AIUB qualified for the world final through Wild Card by securing second place in ACM ICPC Kanpur Site regional. Office of Student Affairs (OSA) looks after the extracurricular activities of the student community through student organizations like:

Extra-curricular Clubs

AIUB Business Club (ABC) AIUB Oratory Club (AOC) AIUB Drama Club (ADC) AIUB Film Club (AFC) AIUB Gaming Club (AGC) AIUB Performing Arts Club (APAC) AIUB Photography Club (APC) AIESEC in AIUB IEEE, AIUB Branch AIUB Society for Human Resource (HR Society)

Affiliations

UGC (University Grants Commission, Bangladesh) International Association of Universities (IAU) International Association of University Presidents (IAUP)

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American Association of University Administrators (AAUA) Asia Pacific Quality Network (APQN) American Chamber of Commerce in Bangladesh (AmCham) Association of Universities in the Asia & the Pacific (AUAP) Global University Network for Innovation (GUNI) Score recipients of GMAT and TOEFL with code 7067 AIUB is listed in the International University Handbook, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 editions by UNESCO Institute of Engineers, Bangladesh (IEB) IAB (Institute of Architects Bangladesh (IAB)

3.3.2North South University (NSU)


North South University

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Seal of the North South University

North South University (Bengali: ) or NSU is the first governmentapproved private university of Bangladesh. The university, where the language of instruction is English, offers a number of undergraduate and masters degrees in the fields of Business Administration, Computer Science, Electrical and Telecommunications Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Life Sciences, Pharmacy, Environmental Management, Economics, English, Architecture, etc. It also offers courses for general and continuing education. About 10,000 students are currently enrolled at North South University. In its 12th Convocation Ceremony in 2009, 1,074 students were awarded degrees in undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Zillur Rahman, President of Bangladesh, is the Chancellor of the university. Dr. Hafiz G.A. Siddiqi is serving as Vice Chancellor. NSU currently has around 200 full-time and 150 parttime faculty members, all of whom, as requirementpossess postgraduate qualifications from abroad: most of them from the United States, United Kingdom and Canada.

History of NSU
The first cohort of freshman intake of January 1993 had 137 students enrolled in three departments: Business Administration, Computer Science, and Economics. The departments of Environmental Studies (DES), English and General and Continuing Education (GCE) were founded later. The Masters Program in Economics was introduced in 1994. The MBA Program was launched in summer 1997. The Masters in Development Studies and Bachelor in Computer Engineering were introduced in 2002. An MS in Computer Science was introduced in summer 2003. Bachelor in Architecture was introduced in fall 2004. Masters in English was launched in spring 2005. Pharmacy (undergraduate) and Executive MBA (EMBA) program launched in spring 2006 and Masters in Biotechnology and Masters in Public Health program launched in summer 2006. BS in Biotechnology, BS in Microbiology and BS in Biochemistry programs were introduced in spring 2007. BS in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Page 17

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

(Bs.EEE) was introduced in spring 2009. Old campus of North South University was in Banani, Dhaka. It had five buildings: Star Tower, Sher Tower, Lifo Tower, BTA Tower and GMQ Tower. The GMQ Tower was named in honor of the late proctor, G.M. Abul Quasem.

Administration
The President of the Republic is ex-officio Chancellor of the university. Vice Chancellor is the Chief Executive of the University. Each academic department has its own head. Each academic department has a program director for every academic program. On top of the administration, there is the Board of Governors (BoG), headed by a chairperson who oversees policy matters.

Academics
1. School of Business The School of Business has the largest number of students. It is considered one of the largest business schools in Bangladesh. The school offers degrees in Business Administration having concentrations in Marketing, Management Information Systems, Human Resource Management, International Business, Business Policy and Strategy, Finance and Accounting. 2. School of Engineering and Applied Sciences 2.1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science The department offers specialized degrees on Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, and Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering. 2.2 Department of Architecture The architecture department pivots on local tradition, culture, building materials and modern means. The Department of Architecture offers a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree in architecture.

3. School of Life Sciences


3.1 Department of Environmental Science & Management

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The Department of Environmental Studies (DES) as a multi-disciplinary program was established in spring 1994. Upon UGC's approval the name of DES was changed to the Department of Environmental Science and Management (DESM). Instead of the earlier degrees of B.A and B.Sc, DESM now offers the degree of BS either in Environmental Science or in Environmental Management. The syllabus has been changed to reflect the changing curricula in the field over the last decade. 3.2 Department of Pharmacy The Bachelor of Pharmacy offered by the Department of Pharmacy is a four-year degree program. The total credit offered is 155. Etc. 3.3 Department of Life Sciences The department offers Bachelor of Science in Microbiology, Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Masters in Biotechnology. 3.4 Department of Public Health This department is conducting a Masters in Public Health (MPH) program. 4. School of Arts and Social Sciences 4.1Department of English The Department of English offers graduate and undergraduate programs in English. For Masters, candidates may specialize in English Literature, English Language and Linguistics or TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages). 4.2 Department of Economics North South University established the Department of Economics the department is offering Bachelor of Science in Economics & Master of Science in Economics, Development Studies.

4.3 Department of General and Continuing Education

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Individuals who have not participated in formal education for some time or who do not intend to become candidates for a degree may register for credits in undergraduate courses in this department as non-degree students. Applicants are admitted as non-degree students on a semester-by-semester basis without any obligation to continue. Such students may apply at any time for transfer to a degree program with or without the credits earned as non-degree students. The department is offering a Masters program in Public Policy and Governance (MPPG).

Institutes

English Institute Institute of Development, Environment and Strategic Studies (IDESS) Center for Information & Communication Technology (CICT) Confucius Institute: The Confucius Institute at NSU was established in February 2006, the only language institute in Bangladesh which offers only Chinese Language Training. Some 600 students have been enrolled and nearly 100 Bangladeshis are learning Chinese at the Institute now.

Campus
The university's campus is in Bashundhara, Dhaka. The foundation of the current campus was laid on January 30, 2003 by Begum Khaleda Zia. Classes started in the permanent campus from June 9, 2009. This campus is capable of serving 12,000 students with modern amenities and facilities. It comprises six buildings with 3 basements on 6 acres of land having 125,000sq.ft. of floor space. The units are Administrative building, North Academic Building (NAC), South Academic Building (SAC), Open Theater Building, Library and the Auditorium. The School of Business and the School of Arts and Social Sciences are located in North Academic Building (NAC) and the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the School of Life Sciences are located in South Academic Building (SAC).

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Library
NSU Library consists of six floors with over 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) floor area at the southeast side of the campus. This is the first fully automated university library in Bangladesh using self-developed library management software, which supports web-based online circulation system, full-text e-books and online journal article services. The library can accommodate over 1,200 students in its reading rooms. On average 2,000 students use the library each day. As of March 2010, the library holds over 31,796 books, 5,700 bound journals and magazines, 1,277 CD-ROM databases and books, 103 videos, 159 audio-cassettes, and 62 DVDs. The library subscribes to 15 local journals, 18 foreign and 12 local magazines, two foreign dailies and most of the leading national dailies published from Dhaka. In addition to this, the library ensures easy access to the Internet for users to browse, download, and print full-text articles from over 10,000 journals from Blackwell, IEEE, Jstor, HINARI, OARE, AGORA, Oxford University Press, Wiley Interscience, Springer online databases etc.

Publications
The university publishes the journal Panini.

Student Activity Clubs


The university has the following clubs: AIESEC, Computer Club, Cine and Drama Club, Debate Club, Earth Club, English Club, Games and Sports Club, MBA Club, Media Club, Pharma Society, Photography Club, Shangskritik Shangathan, Social Service Club, Young Economists' Forum, Young Entrepreneurs Society, Wireless Forum, and NSU Canvas. The North South University Shangskritik Shangathan (established in fall 1994) organizes cultural programs celebrating major national events. Young Entrepreneurs Society (YES) is an organization for fostering entrepreneurship. NSU Wireless Forum and NSU Computer Club organize technology-related events. The NSU Debate Club is the first student activity club at NSU. In 2007 NSU Debating club won the bid of All Asians 2008 and got to be the first South Asian University to host this particular tournament. AIESEC in North South University is a local chapter of AIESEC Bangladesh.

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3.3.3 United International University (UIU)


United International University

United International University (Bengali: ) or UIU is a private university located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The university was established in 2003 under the Private University Act. It was established with the support of United Group. The University Grants Commission approved the academic program of UIU on 10 October 2003 and the Government permission was granted on 2 June 2003.

Campus
The academic campus is House # 80, Road # 8/a, (Old 15) Satmasjid Road, Dhanmondi Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh.

Academic programs
School of Science & Engineering

Bachelor Science of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (B.Sc in EEE) Bachelor Science of Computer Science and Engineering (B.Sc in CSE) Bachelor Science of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (B.Sc in ETE) Master of Science of Computer Science and Engineering (MSCSE -> M.Sc in CSE) Master of Science of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (M.Sc in ETE) Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) Bachelor of Business Administration in Accounting & Information System (BBA in AIS) Bachelor of Science in Economics (BSECO) Master of Business Administration (MBA)

School of Business

School of Business & Economic Research

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Master of Science in Economics (MSECO) Master in Development Studies (MDS) Post Graduate Diploma In Research Methodology For Business And Economics

Academic system
The academic session of UIU is on a trimester system:

Spring: FebruaryMay Summer: JuneSeptember Fall: OctoberJanuary

Schools and institutes


School of Science & Engineering School of Business English Language Institute Institute of Natural Sciences Institute of Business & Economic Research Cisco Network Academy

Scholarship
The university provides several scholarships to students including the eLINK Scholarship which was established with the support of the European Union. Fields covered by the scholarship:

Business Studies and Technology Teachers Training Electronic Engineering & Telecommunication Informatics & Computer Science Artificial Intelligence Robotics and Control Engineering Mobile computing and Communication Industrial Engineering Economy/Management and Logistics

Training
The university provides several training and internship program with TalhaTraining.

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3.3.4 Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST)


Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology

Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (Bengali: ) (AUST) is a private technical university located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The university was founded by the Dhaka Ahsania Mission in 1995. Dhaka Ahsania Mission is a non-profit voluntary organization in Bangladesh. The Mission was established in 1958 by Khan Bahadur Ahsanullah. It maintains close collaboration with the International Association of Universities (IAU), University Grants Commission (UGC), Bangladesh and many other national and international education institutions and professional bodies.

It is the only Private Engineering University with accreditation for all departments from Institute of Engineers, Bangladesh (IEB). AUST has the privilege of taking in the most students with perfect results in SSC, HSC and parallel exams. It is widely considered to be the best private university in Bangladesh as the demand for a seat in this university is at a record-high each year.

University Campus

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The permanent Campus of the University has been built on 5-bighas of land at Tejgaon Industrial Area which is located in the heart of Dhaka City. The land use in this area is quickly changing from an industrial area to a commercial area. The 10-storied building including 2-level basement with a total floor area of more than 4 lac sq. ft. is equipped with modern amenities and facilities required to impart quality education. Continuous power and water supply is ensured by its own two generators, each of 1000 KVA, 2500 KVA sub-station and 4 inch dia. deep tube-well. The spacious campus also provides facilities for co-curricular activities like common rooms( male & female), indoor game rooms, etc. as well as enough space for car parking and heavy machinery labs in the basements. The class rooms, laboratories/workshops, office rooms, library, teachers rooms, cafeteria, multipurpose hall, conference rooms, seminar hall are air-conditioned. Wi-fi internet is available in the whole campus.

Faculties and Departments


The university has the following faculties and departments: 1. Faculty of Architecture and Planning 2. Faculty of Engineering

Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering Department of Civil Engineering Department of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Textile Engineering Department of Mechanical & Production Engineering Department of Arts & Science School of Business Department of Education Diploma in Engineering in:

3. Faculty of Business and Social Science

4. Faculty of Education

5. Institute of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (ITVET)

Laboratories
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The Laboratories of the Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology in different department are as follows: Department of Architecture There are three laboratories in this department which are as follows: 1. Auto CAD lab 2. Photographic Lab 3. Building Materials Lab Department of Civil Engineering There are nine laboratories in this department which are as follows: 1. Surveying lab 2. Auto CAD Lab 3. Environment Engineering Lab 4. Strength of Materials Lab 5. Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics lab 6. Geotechnical lab 7. Transportation lab 8. Concrete Lab 9. Soil Mechanics Lab Department of Computer Science and Engineering There are seven laboratories in this department which are as follows: 1. Network & Data Communication Lab 2. Web Application & Multimedia Lab 3. Digital Electronics & Design Lab 4. Data & Knowledge Engineering Lab 5. Software Engineering Lab 6. Microprocessor & Interfacing Lab 7. Operating System Lab Besides, the core Network and Internet Service System of the University are also maintained under the guidance of the Department, and the major servers are located at the 'University Server room'. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering There are thirteen laboratories in this department which are as follows: Page 26

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

1. VLSI & DSP Lab 2. Simulation Lab 3. Control lab 4. Microwave & Optical Communication Lab 5. Telecom Lab 6. Machine Lab 7. Power System Lab 8. Digital & Microprocessor Lab 9. Project Lab 10. Power System & Switchgear and protective Relays Lab 11. Electronics Lab 12. Electrical Circuit Lab-1 13. Electrical Circuit lab-2 Department of Textile Engineering There are nine laboratories in this department which are as follows: 1. Yarn Manufacturing Lab-1 2. Yarn Manufacturing Lab-2 3. Textile Testing and Quality Control Lab-1 4. Textile Testing and Quality Control Lab-2 5. Computer Lab 6. Wet Processing Lab (Dyeing, Printing & Finishing) 7. Fabric Manufacturing Lab-1 (Weaving) 8. Fabric Manufacturing Lab-2 (Knitting) 9. Garments Lab Some of the practical classes are held at Jute & Textile Product Development Center (BJRI), BTMC, TTTC and some other private textile mills, factories and commercial laboratories.

Department of Mechanical & Production Engineering 1. Machine Tools and Machining Lab Page 27

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

2. Foundry Laboratory 3. Welding Lab 4. Manufacturing Process lab Some of the practical classes are held at Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), DUET, Technical Teachers Training College, Tejgaon, Dhaka (TTTC). Department of Arts & Science There are five laboratories in this department which are as follows: 1. Physics Lab-1 2. Physics Lab-2 3. Chemistry Lab-1 4. Chemistry Lab-2 5. Language Lab School of Business This department has one Computer Lab. The university library has more than 20,000 volumes of books. Newly constructed Academic Building of Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology at Plot No. 141 & 142, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka -1215. The main campus of the university is built on a five-bigha plot of land acquired in Tejgaon Industrial Area which is in the central area of Dhaka.

Accreditation
The academic programs of the university are recognized by the following organizations:

UGC (University Grants Commission , Bangladesh) IAU (International Association of Universities). BUET, KUET, RUET, CUET, DUET (Bangladesh, Khulna, Rajshahi, Chittagong, Dhaka University of Engg. & Tech.) IEB (The Institute of Engineers, Bangladesh) IAB (Institute of Architects Bangladesh (IAB) ITET (Institute of Textile Engineers & Technologists, Bangladesh) EMMA (The Erasmas Mundas Mobility with Asia)

Memoranda of understanding
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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

A number of memoranda of understanding have been signed between this university and:[

University of Wyoming, USA Drexel University , USA Washington State University, USA University of Houston, USA Sejong University , Republic of Korea Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand

3.3.5 BRAC University (BRACU)

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

BRAC University

BRAC University (Bengali: ) is a private university in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The university was established by BRAC in 2001 under the Private University Act 1992. BRAC University had its first convocation in January 2006. Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, KCMG is the Chairperson of the Board of Trustees of BRAC University. In 2011, Web metrics ranked this university first among private universities, fourth in Bangladesh and 76th in the Indian subcontinent in their World Universities Ranking based on electronic publication, scientific results and international activities.

Campus
BRAC University's main campus is on 66 Mohakhali C/A in Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh. The Residential Campus at Savar is called TARC (Training and Resource Center).

Institutes, schools and centre


BRAC University includes the following schools:

BRAC Business School (BBS) BRAC Development Institute (BDI) Institute of Governance Studies (IGS) Institute of Educational Development (IED) James P. Grant School of Public Health (JPGSPH) School of Law (SoL) School of Engineering & Computer Science (SECS) Centre for Languages (CfL)

Departments

Department of Architecture (ARCH) Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE)

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE) Department of Economics and Social Science (ESS) Department of English and Humanities (ENH) Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (MNS)

Academic programmes
The university offers the following undergraduate programmes:

Bachelor of Architecture Bachelor of Arts in English Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) Bachelor of Laws Bachelor of Science in Applied Physics and Electronics Bachelor of Computer Science Bachelor of Computer Science and Engineering Bachelor of Electronics and Communication Engineering Bachelor of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Bachelor of Science in Mathematics Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology Bachelor of Science in Microbiology Bachelor of Science in Physics Bachelor of Social Science in Economics Bachelor of Pharmacy Master of Arts in English Master of Science in Biotechnology Master of Science in Applied Economics(MSAE) Master of Business Administration (MBA) Master of Development Studies (MDS) Master of Arts in Governance & Development Master of Public Health (MPH) Master of Science in Biotechnology Master in Bank Management (MBM) Executive MBA (EMBA)

The university offers the following postgraduate programmes:


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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Master of Science in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Master of Engineering in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Masters in Early Childhood Development (ECD) Master in Educational Leadership, Planning and Management Master of Disaster Management Postgraduate Certificate in Disaster Management Postgraduate Diploma in Disaster Management Postgraduate Diploma in Early Childhood Development Postgraduate Diploma in Macroeconomic Analysis Postgraduate Certificate in Early Childhood Development Postgraduate Diploma in Educational Leadership, Planning and Management

The university offers the following postgraduate diploma and certificate programmes:

Students
BRAC University began in 2001 with fewer than 100 students. Now, it has grown to more than 7000. The university student population includes foreign students from Japan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Ethiopia, Afghanistan, the Netherlands, Canada, Australia, Bolivia and USA.

Library
The BRAC University library the Ayesha Abed Library has more than 35,000 books, a collection of print journals and other publications, and subscriptions to international academic journals. The library has two branches: one at Mohakhali Campus and another at Savar Campus.

Student activities
BRAC University has a growing extracurricular environment through its number of clubs and forums; there are 30 clubs and forums in the university BRAC Universitys mission is to achieve excellence in all-around education. The components of all-around education, i.e., learning, development and identity formation are interactive and add to each other. The students can experience all of these by participating in co curricular activities along with regular studies. The Student Affairs Office (SAO) provides full support in this respect. The most active clubs and forums are BRAC University Cultural Club (BUCuC), BRAC Page 32

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

University Electrical and Electronic Club (BUEEC), BRAC University Business Club (BIZBEE), BRAC University Film Club (BUFC), Football Club (FCBU), BRAC University Natural Sciences Club (BUNSC), Entrepreneurship Development Forum (EDF), BRAC University Drama and Theater Forum (BUDTF), BRAC University Heritage Forum (BUHF), Global Affair Forum BRAC University (GAFBU), BRAC University Computer Club (BUCC), BRAC University Rural Development Club (BURDC), AIESEC BRACU, BU Student Newsletter, Media and Journalism Forum (MJFBU), Cricket BRAC University (CBU), BRAC University Debate Club (BUDC), Oikos Dhaka-BRACU, Hov-BRACU, BRAC University Art Society, BRAC University Economics Club-BUEC, BU Environment Awareness Forum (BUEAF), BRAC University Electronic & Engineering Club (BUEEC), BRAC University Indoor Games Club (BUIGC), BRAC University Photography Club (BUPC), MBA Forum-BRACU, MONON, Perecon, BRAC University Adventure Club (BUAC), International Association of Business Communicators (IABC) | BRAC University.

Organizational structure
The Honorable President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the chancellor of BRAC University. The Board of Trustees is the highest policy-making body of BRAC University and is responsible for ensuring the highest level of education and administrative standard at BRAC University. Committees assist the Board in matters essential to the smooth functioning of the university: Syndicate, Academic Council, Course Committee, Finance Committee, Selection Committee, Audit Committee, and Committee on Student Affairs, Disciplinary Committee, Committee on University Development and Committee on Medical Facilities. The vice chancellor is the chief executive and academic officer of the university. The academic wing consists of the deans of faculties/schools, chairpersons of the departments and faculty members. The director of research is responsible for research, advisory services and publications. The director of student affairs co-ordinates and supports all extracurricular activities. The librarian who is assisted by a deputy librarian and assistant librarians head the university library. The registrar with deputy registrar, assistant registrar and officers are responsible for day-to-day administration, human resource management, technological services and records.

Notable alumni

Musa Ibrahim

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Department of Architecture celebrated 10 years anniversary.

BRACU Chonrobot
For the first time ever in history, a Bangladeshi team is going to compete at a NASA robotics competition. The BRACU Chonrobot team has been invited by NASA to compete at the onsite world finals of the prestigious NASA Lunabotics Mining Competition (LMC) 2011. The competition is going to take place at the NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida from May 23 to 28, 2011. We inaugurated our ChondroBot in 15 May 2011 and demonstrated in front of Chief Guest Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, KCMG, Prof. Ainun Nishat and many other respected guests with cutting of a cake to celebrate the birthday of the university

3.3.6 Independent University Bangladesh (IUB)

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Independent University

Independent University, Bangladesh (Bengali: ) or IUB is a private university in Bangladesh. It has two campuses, one at Dhaka and other at Chittagong.Its main campus is in Bashundhara, Dhaka. The university was established in 1993 by the Private University Act, 1992and the outreach campus in Chittagong was opened in 1999. The middle flame in the IUB logo represents the synthesis of the eastern and western traditions. It also conveys the idea of purity.

Schools and departments


School of Business The School features:

Dept. of Accounting Dept. of Economics Dept. of Finance Dept. of General Management Dept. of Marketing Dept. of Management Information System Dept. of Human Resource Management Dept. of International Business

School of Engineering and Computer Science The School features:


Dept. of Computer Science Dept. of Computer Engineering Dept. of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Dept. of Electronic & Telecommunication Engineering

School of Environmental Science and Management (SESM) Page 35

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

The School features:


Dept. of Environmental Science Dept. of Environmental Management Dept. of Population Environment

School of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences (SLASS) The School features:

Dept. of English Dept. of Media & Communication Dept. of Social Science & Humanities Dept. of Modern Languages

School of Public Health (SPH) The School features:

Dept. of Public Health

Institutes and centre


Centre For Health, Population and Development (CHPD) International Centre for Climate Change and Development(ICCCAD) Bangla Language Institute (BLI) Bangla Summer Institute (BSI)

Study programmes for foreign students


Live-in-Field Experience (LFE) The programme is the annual participation of students from the United States.Every year American students under the sponsorship of Higher Education Consortium of Urban Affairs (HECUA), USA join IUB students and stay with them for two weeks in villages to study rural life. Bengali language programme About 15-20 US students come annually to study Bengali language for a nine-week programme at IUB. The Bangla learning programme for US students has been started under the sponsorship of American Institute of Bangladesh Studies (AIBS). Page 36

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Internship programme The university has a regular internship programme for foreign students on health and development.

Academic facilities
IUB Central Libraries in Dhaka and Chittagong campuses are a gateway to information for students, faculty and staff. The libraries contain over 30,000 volumes and subscribes to over 100 journals and periodicals. The library has online access to Emerald, Jstor, Oxford University Press Journal and Hinari. All books and journals titles can be accessed through IUB library online databases. The Chittagong campus has an American Corner for information on USA. Its computer center provides online facilities to all students which is under fibre-optic network system..Its laboratory consists of five units: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Environmental Science and Geographical Information Service (GIS) Lab.

Student activities
In IUB, co-curricular activities organized by the Division of Student Activities (DoSA). The student community has numerous clubs such as Literary Society, Debating Club (www.IUBDC.org), Science Society, Business Students Society, Social & Welfare Society, AIESEC, Green Sphere, Art Club, Cricket Club and Bangla Club, Club of Engineering & Science, Independent Economic Society, Environment Club of IUBC, Film & Drama Club.

3.3.7 East West University (EWU)

East West University

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

East West University (Bengali: ) (EWU) is a private university located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It was established in 1996 by the Private University Act, 1992 by Dr. Mohammed Farashuddin. It features a centralized campus in Mohakhali. In 2007, Web metrics ranked EWU third in all universities of Bangladesh (first among private universities in Bangladesh) and 64th in the Indian subcontinent in their World Universities Ranking based on web visibility of electronic publication, scientific results and international activities. History Dr. Mohammed Farashuddin, Founder and Vice Chancellor, East West University. The East West University campus, located at Mohakhali, Dhaka. The culture of private universities in Bangladesh started in the early 1990s. During that period, the government and the intellectual and civil society in Bangladesh started to feel that the existing public universities were not sufficient to meet the high, constantly increasing demand for tertiary education in the country. Moreover, to maintain their quality of education, most of the reputed public universities in Bangladesh kept themselves extremely selective and as a result each year a large number of students failed to get admitted into higher educational institutions. These issues led the government to permit the establishment of private universities, and on 9 August 1992, the Private University Act (Act 34) 1992 was passed. Within the next five years, a good number of private universities were established and started to perform successfully, and East West University has been one of them. East West University was established in 1996 as a non-profit organization. This university is the first major project of the Progoti Foundation for Education and Development (PFED), a non-profit, non-political, charitable organization maintained by a group of academics, business leaders, professionals and education enthusiasts led by Dr. Mohammed Farashuddin, prominent economist and former governor of Bangladesh Bank. The university was launched in September 1996 with 6 faculty members and 20 students in three programs, BBA, BSc in Computer Science and BA in English at the present campus of 45, Mohakhali Commercial

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Area, Dhaka. Currently, the university maintains a good number of slightly over six thousands students with a centralized campus in Mohakhali though it plans to shift to its permanent campus in Aftab Nagar near Banosri by the end of 2011. East West University maintains a centralized campus consisting of six multi-storied buildings located at the heart of Mohakhali, one of the busiest commercial spot of Dhaka.

Administrative Building (ADMN): Offices of different administrative personnels including registrar are located in this building. ADMN building is mainly used for class room purpose but some of the departments are also situated here including Department of Economics. University Auditorium is also located in this building on the 10th floor.

Foundation Building (FNDN): Offices of the top level management including Board President, Vice Chancellor and Pro Vice Chancellor are located in this building. This building is used for Library and Laboratory purpose mainly. EWU library is located on 2nd, 3rd and 4th floor. Different engineering and IT laboratories including Electronics Lab, Digital Lab, Telecommunication Lab, Physics Lab and four Computer Labs are situated in this building. University's one of the oldest departments, Department of Computer Science and Engineering is also located in this building on the 5th floor.

Academic Building (ACAD): Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and Department of Applied Physics and Communication Engineering are located in this building. University cafe, MBA office, Account Section, VLSI Laboratory and MBA Computer Lab are situated on different floors of this building.

DDC Building (DDC): A new and small building mainly used for seminars. Department of Pharmacy, Department of Business Administration, Department of English and Department of Social Sciences are located in this building.

Research Building (Resrh): One of the oldest buildings of EWU mainly used for department office, Pharmacy Lab, Computer Lab and Career Counseling Centre. Department of English is located in this building.

Graduate Building (GRAD): Oldest building of EWU. University's largest department, Department of Business Administration was located in this building though it has been shifted. After reconstruction this building is being used from Spring-2010.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Academics
Structure East West University is organized into three faculties. Each faculty is again divided into different departments. A Dean is the head of each faculty while departments are headed by the respective department Chairpersons. Department of Business Administration is the largest and one of the oldest departments of the university. Department of Computer Science and Engineering (established as Department of Computer Science) and Department of English is other two founding departments performing since 1996. Social Science department is the only department that does not offer any degree program rather it works as a supportive department for other existing degree programs. Academic terms EWU is modeled on North American Open Credit systems. It maintains tri-semester year with an exception of Department of Pharmacy which maintains a bi-semester year. EWU semesters are as follow:

Spring: January - April (starting on the second Sunday of January) Summer: May - August (starting on the second Sunday of May) Fall: September - December (starting on the second Sunday of September)

Degrees and awards Currently EWU offers Bachelor of Arts (BA) for English graduate, Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) for Business graduate and Bachelor of Social Science (BSS) for Economics graduate. There is also an opportunity to achieve degrees in both Business and Economics together in the form of double major. University is offering Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) for Engineering and Systems Science (e.g. Computer Science) graduate and Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Phrm) for Pharmacy graduate. The B.Sc. in EEE program at East West University has recently been granted accreditation from the Board of Accreditation for Engineering & Technical Education (BAETE). In post-graduate level EWU is offering Master of Business Administration (MBA) for business, Master of Arts (MA) for humanities and Master of Science (MS) for Science and Engineering, Master of Pharmacy (M.Phrm) for Pharmacy. EWU's B.Phrm and M.Phrm programs are accredited by the Pharmacy Counsel of Bangladesh. EWU's most of the degrees, specially business and engineering degrees are transferable to some North American, European and Australasian universities where it maintains formal collaboration with them. EWU graduates are evaluated on Cumulative

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Grade Point Average (CGPA) on a scale of 0.00 to 4.00 point. In addition, university also classifies students into three classes based on their earned CGPA. These are as follow:

First Class - CGPA 3.00 and above Second Class - CGPA 2.50 to 2.99 Third Class - CGPA 2.00 to 2.49 Gold Medal: Chancellor of the University, His Excellency Honorable President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh officially awards Gold Medal to each of the students having a CGPA of 3.97 or above at the day of convocation.

East West University also provides following special awards to its outstanding students.

Summa cum Laude: Each undergraduate student with a CGPA of 3.90 or above is awarded Summa Cum Laude by the university and declared by the convocation Marshall on the convocation day.

Magna cum Laude: Each undergraduate student with a CGPA of 3.75 or above is awarded Magna Cum Laude by the university and declared by the convocation Marshall on the convocation day.

Library East West University has a library covering four floors of the Foundation Building and approximately ten thousand five hundred square feet in area. All the floors have specialty in terms of study space, special corner, maps and journal area, photocopy corner, database search corner, user friendly newspaper display section and convenient communication systems. The Library has a pigeonhole area with a capacity of supporting 450 users at a time and every day around 2,200 users visit this library. Library contains 21,713 copy books, subscription of 135 international and national journals (hardcopy), 3,293 online journals on its database, subscription of 16 national daily newspapers and around 1,500 CD-ROMs and audio cassettes.

Laboratories EWU is providing well equipped laboratory facilities for its different engineering and science disciplines. In addition to those, university is also providing seven computer laboratories with Page 41

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

a local network of 533 PCs and personal VSAT services. Universities laboratories are shared as follow:

Computer Communications Laboratories, shared by all the departments of the university. Digital Systems Laboratory, shared by the entire engineering department. Electronics Laboratory, shared by the entire engineering department. Electrical Circuits and Machine Laboratory, used by only EEE department. Network Laboratory, shared by department of CSE and APCE. Pharmacy Laboratory, used by only department of Pharmacy. Physics Laboratory, shared by all the science and engineering departments. Telecommunication Laboratory, used by only APCE department. VLSI Laboratory shared by CSE and EEE departments. Software Engendering Laboratory, shared by only CSE and departments.

Financial support Merit scholarships East West University provides a wide range of scholarship starting from full funding to partial tuition weavers. Each semester top 10% students of each batch having a CGPA of 3.97 or above are awarded EWU Merit Scholarships which worth 90,000 BDT in undergraduate level and 75,000 BDT in postgraduate level. All other students from the Dean's List are also eligible to receive Medha Lalon Fund Scholarship ranging from 500,000 BDT to 25,000 BDT. Besides, there are 28 directorial scholarships (25,20,000 BDT) are available each year for the meritorious students with exceptional case. Financial aid Each semester university provides a large number of Financial Aids. Student facing financial difficulties (with a CGPA of 3.7 and above, that student whole complete at least 30 credits last three semesters) can apply with proper evidence only once a year for this support. It varies from 18,000 BDT to 35,000 BDT. Apart from this support, EWU provides 50% tuition weaver for any one of a sibling pair studying simultaneously in the university which worth around 45,000 BDT per year. Besides, it maintains a low tuition fees rate (BDT 3,800 per credit) compare to other leading private universities in Bangladesh. Research Page 42

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

East West University has its own resourceful Center for Research and Training (EWUCRT). EWU has a growing research culture at all of its departments. The primary objective of the center is to create knowledge through academic and applied research and disseminate acquired knowledge through training and publication. CRT operates through a Research Committee composed of representatives from the Board, Deans and Chairs of the Academic Department. The current Chairperson of the Center is Dr. Rafiqul Huda Chaudhury and the current Executive Director is Dr. Bijoy P. Barua. Link of EWUCRT publication is, http://www.ewubd.edu/ewu/showDocument.php?documentid=1118 CRT publishes the EWU Journal, a bi-annual publication of multi-disciplinary research papers following a rigorous process of strict reviews. CRT also publishes Working Papers, Occasional Papers and Annual Research Abstracts to publicize and record the academic contributions of EWU. Faculty members and senior students of the university produce a good number of academic papers each year and publish them on different journals and conference proceedings. In addition, CRT works with government and private institutions at national and international levels to facilitate academic exchanges. Some Backgrounds of EWUCRT are, in the year 2002 EWU organized International Conference on Computer and Information Technology which is a series of Computer Science and Information Technology based conference is being hosted in Bangladesh since 1997 by a different university each year. EWU is a member of Trade Knowledge Network, a collaboration of research institutions in developed and developing countries located in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas and also active in the South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economists (SANDEE). Dr A.K. Enamul Haque, Professor of Economics is the currently member of the Management and Advisory Committee of SANDEE. In 2006, EWU faculty members had 39 appearances in international journals and conferences. Besides these, University regularly provide financial support through a faculty research program to promote research culture in the campus. Now, many Ex-EWU students are currently working as a researcher or doing their higher studies on research in world recognized Universities and Research Institutes. Student clubs East West University has a growing and strong culture of student extracurricular activities. Under the supervision of 16 wide-range clubs, students use to take part in competitions and exhibitions starting from cultural and debating activities to intellectual programming and software developing task. Page 43

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Debating Club EWU Debating Club, with very rare exception, regularly participates in World Universities Debating Championship and United Asian Debating Championships and maintains 146th world rank according to World Debate website. EWU Debating Club won the championship title in the 18th Prime Bank - NDDC National Debate Championship 2006 (Inter University Bangla) and became runner-up in the same event's English debate. In 2007 they became runners up in the first UU Inter University Debating Championship (Bengali IV). Programming Club In 2008, a team from East West University, named Dreams of Twilight, qualified for ACM ICPC (International Collegiate Programming Contest) World Finals that was hosted by University of Alberta, Canada. 100 universities from all over the world qualified for the event. A total of 9000 teams competed for the ticket to the final event. EWU Programming club became fourth in ACM ICPC held at Coimbatore, India and 12th at Kanpur, India in 2006. Other clubs are also taking part in national-level events. Club list

Creative Marketing Club (CMC) Environmental and Social Club Business Club (EWUBC) Financial Analysis & Research Club Debating Club (EWUDC) Photography Club (EWUPC) Computer Club Cultural Club Sports Club MBA Club English Conversation Club Pharmacy Club EWU Natural Science Club EWU Computer Programming Club (EWUCoPC) Rotaract Club of East West University (EWURC) EWU Electronics Club Programming Club Page 44

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

East West University Club for Performing Arts (EWUCPC) Telecommunication club (EWUTC)

3.3.8

University

of

Asia

Pacific (UAP)

University of Asia Pacific

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

University of Asia Pacific (Bengali: ) is a private university located in Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The campus consists of ten rented premises in Dhanmondi Residential Area, Dhaka. The buildings are just off the main Road. Construction of the permanent Campus of UAP has already started in Green Road and is expected to be completed by 2014.

Department of Architecture Department of Business Administration, Department of Civil Engineering, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Department of Pharmacy, Department of Mathematics, Department of English, Department of Law and Human Rights, Department of Basic Sciences and Humanities.

Undergraduate programs of study


Bachelor of Architecture, Bachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, Bachelor of Pharmacy, Bachelor of Arts in English,

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Bachelor of Laws (Regular & External).

The Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering program has been accredited by the Board of Accreditation for Engineering and Technical Education in Bangladesh (BAETE). This enables the graduates to be members of the Institute of Engineers Bangladesh (IEB), a highly prestigious and the only government-approved professional body for engineers. The program has also been approved by Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) for pursuing their Msc courses.

Graduate programs of study


Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MCE), Master of Business Administration (MBA & EMBA), MS in Pharmaceutical Technology (MS Pharm. Tech.), Master of Science in Computer Science & Engineering (MCSE), LL. M (Regular) LL. M (External)

Academic and research collaboration


UAP enjoys collaborative ties with a number of reputed foreign and national universities, institutions of higher education and research in foreign countries. UAP is currently running 3+1 degree programmes, i.e., students can complete their first three years at UAP and the final year at one of these universities. They can be awarded the degree from either of these institutions, which indicate the quality of teaching and research at this University.

USA: The University of Baltimore, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Purdue University, De Vry University, etc.

Canada: The University of Windsor Australia: The University of Western Sydney, University of Canberra Ireland: Griffith College of Dublin Japan: Port and Airport Research Institute (PARI), Japan Concrete Institute (JCI)

Under these collaborations, the first batch of BBA students has completed graduation at the University of Baltimore and batches of CE students have completed research programmes at PARI.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Membership in national and international bodies


Several departments of UAP have been accredited by relevant professional bodies of the country and international institutions:

Institute of Architects (IAB) Board of Accreditation for Engineering and Technical Education (BAETE), Bangladesh Institute of Engineers Bangladesh (IEB) Pharmacy Council of Bangladesh UAP is the first Bangladeshi private university which has become a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, UK.

In fact, the Pharmacy and Civil Engineering departments of UAP were the first among private universities to earn such accreditations. UAP graduates are therefore eligible to be members of professional bodies like Institute of Engineers Bangladesh (IEB), Institute of Architects Bangladesh (IAB), Pharmacy Council, and several of them have already earned their memberships in these prestigious bodies. Moreover, UAP is a member of the American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham), University of Asia Pacific Region, the Association of Universities of Asia and the Pacific and International Association of University Presidents (IAUP).

Campuses
The campuses of this university spreads from Road#3/A to Road#7/A in Dhanmondi, Dhaka, 1209. The campus consists of nine rented premises 1. Block "A" Department of Pharmacy & Admission Office House No. 73, Road No. 5/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 2. Block "B" Department of Business Administration & Exam Contoller Office House No. 84, Road No. 7/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 3. Block "C" Departments of Civil Engineering House No. 8, Road No.7, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 4. Block "D" Department of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Basic Sciences and Humanities House No. 52/1, Road No. 3/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 5. Block "E" Department of Architecture House No. 51 Road No. 4/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 6. Block "F" Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Administration Office Accounts Section House No. 49/C Road No. 4/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka

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7. Block "G" Department of Law and Human Rights (L&HR) House No. 74, Road No. 5/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 8. Block "H" Central Library House No. 69/B, Road No. 6/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 9. Block "I" Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering House No. 51/1, Road No. 4/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka The buildings are just off the main Satmasjid Road and have lake site views. The campus offers idyllic environment for an academic institution. Plenty of open spaces are available around the campus for the students to move about for the rest and recreation. The permanent City Campus is under construction at 74/A Green Road.

4.0 Results and Findings


Model Fit:
Model 1 R .983a Model Summary Adjusted R R Square Square .966 .934 Std. Error of the Estimate .310

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

R2 indicates the strengths of association among the independent and dependent variables. The higher the value of R2, the higher the strength of association among the dependent and independent variables. R2 shows how much the variation in the independent variables is correlated with the variation in the dependent variables. The value of R2 in this case is .966 which implies that 96% variation in dependent variables is due to the variation in the independent variables. Coefficient: Coefficients
Model Un standardized Coefficients B -.051 .145 .075 .004 .022 .097 Std. Error .392 .066 .051 .044 .046 .038 Standardized Coefficients Beta -.130 .280 .141 .008 .047 .213 2.206 1.455 .092 .480 2.549 .898 .042 .165 .928 .638 .021 t Sig.

(Constant) Education quality Course curriculum Communication skill Adapt in different environment Academic knowledge regarding their respective courses Present ability Posses strong leadership quality Work under extreme pressure Willing to face and learn from errors and listen openly to feedback Team players Aware of social responsibilities Intellectual and practical skill Command over English language Knowledge of human cultures and the physical and natural world Listen to different points of view before coming to a decision

.150 .011 .032 .110

.047 .050 .061 .048

.355 .021 .065 .223

3.178 .213 .522 2.287

.006 .834 .609 .036

.012 .098 .100 .025 .092

.049 .035 .034 .047 .039

.024 .215 .198 .056 .202

.238 2.779 2.964 .526 2.383

.815 .013 .009 .606 .030

.029

.049

.060

.583

.568

This table of coefficient indicates the relation between the dependent and independent variable. In other words this helps in finding out the perception of employers about employees from private university. To determine this, significance level needs to be taken into consideration, which should be bellow 0.05. Because the confidence level is 95%, which Page 50

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

means up to 5% error is tolerable. So if the value is below .05, that indicates that the relation between the dependent and independent variable is accountable, thus those are the most vital factors behind finding out the perception of employers about employees from private university By observing the table, it is clear that seven variables are imperative here. One is Education Quality where significant level is 0.042. Next one is academic knowledge where the significant level is 0.021. Others are Present ability (0.006), willing to face and learn from errors and listen openly to feedback (0.036), aware of social responsibilities (0.013),Intellectual and practical skill (0.009), Knowledge of human cultures and the physical and natural world (0.030). These are the variables that worked as most important factor in identifying the perception of employers about employees from private university. Rankings according to the respondents perception are given below:

Ranking: First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth AIUB 18.8 12.5 3.1 34.4 25 0 6.3 0 NSU 62.5 25 6.3 6.3 0 0 0 0 UIU 0 6.3 12.5 15.6 46.9 18.8 0 0 AUST 6.3 0 0 6.3 0 6.3 65.6 15.6 BRAC 0 0 53.1 18.8 18.8 9.4 0 0 IUB 0 9.4 25 0 6.3 40.6 18.8 0 EWU 12.5 49.6 0 18.8 3.1 18.8 0 0 UAP 0 0 0 0 0 6.3 9.4 84.4

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The above table shows the percentage of ranking selected by the respondents. On this percentage a weighted score is put to rank the universities:
Highest 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 2nd Highest 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 3rd Highest 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 4th Highest 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 5th Highest 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 6th Highest 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 7th Highest 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 Last 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30

Score of a university is measured by the following equation: Here, all Ws are the weighted score and all xs are the percentage. By the above equation the following table is formulated:

1st AIUB NSU UIU AUST BRAC IUB EWU UAP 1786 6250 0 535.5 0 0 1125 0

2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Total 1062.5 232.5 2924 1875 0 346.5 0 8226.5 2250 441 441 0 0 0 0 9382 472.5 1000 0 3752 1316 0 0 6540.5 0 0 441 0 409.5 4592 936 6914 0 4779 1504 1316 564 0 0 8163 799 2125 0 409.5 3045 1222 0 7600.5 4712 0 1504 186 1316 0 0 8843 0 0 0 0 409.5 564 5486 6459.5

From the above table, the final score has been calculated where NSU secured the 1st position whereas UAP secured the last one.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Thats why, the rank of these universities: North South University East West University AIUB BRAC IUB AUST UIU UAP First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth

Perception About the students of Private University:


Education Quality of private university students is good Frequency Strongly Agree Agree Somewhat Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Strongly disagree Extremely disagree Strongly Disagree Total 4 3 10 4 1 3 2 5 32 Percent 12.5 9.4 31.3 12.5 3.1 9.4 6.3 15.6 100.0 Valid Percent 12.5 9.4 31.3 12.5 3.1 9.4 6.3 15.6 100.0 Cumulative Percent 12.5 21.9 53.1 65.6 68.8 78.1 84.4 100.0

The above table indicates the perception of employers about the educational quality of employees having educational background of private universities. It is seen that employers tend to somehow agree (31%) on the statement that employees having educational background form private universities have good educational quality. On the other hand, only 12.5% strongly agreed on the mentioned statement. It is clear from the situation that employers are not highly confident but somehow satisfied about the educational qualification of their employees from private universities.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

5. Limitation & Caveats


The limitations of the study will encourage others for further study in order to overcome those. Following are the limitations of this study:

The study is based on the general view of employers. Discipline specific areas were not investigated.

Convenient sampling is not recommended for descriptive research. But shortage of time compelled to use this.

The research is conducted considering employers of some selected organizations. It is hardly a representing group to recommend suggestions for all the employers. The sample size is only 32. That is why variation is found to be higher and existence of extreme values makes the results contradict with on-going scenario.

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6. Conclusions & Recommendations


The results of the employer survey shows a gap between what employers see as most important in terms of the skills, knowledge and attributes of recent graduates and their satisfaction. Some of the key areas identified in the survey where such gaps exist include communication skills, Listen to different points of view before coming to a decision, Posses strong leadership quality, Working under extreme pressure, Team players , Command over English language, Adapt in different environment . The findings of this research with employers and professional related to improving the quality, standard, equity and meeting the needs of the industry and professions. The research findings could be used in curriculum reviews to ensure that course design, student assessments and teaching methods enable students to attain generic skills rated by employers as most important in early career graduates. Clearly, the employer's survey falls within this scope where institutions of higher education must act on the results to ensure that their graduates are at the forefront in the recruitment process. The results of the employer survey highlighted three key areas relevant to universities more broadly in relation to graduate attributes, that: a. there is a need to have a clearer understanding of essential generic and professional attributes needed in the workplace; b. universities, in general, need to work more closely with industry so that graduates were better equipped for employment; and, c. Competencies required by the industry need to be aligned in educational programmes.

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

This paper also highlights that though data is easily collectable, there is a need to use the data for effective change. However, there is little in research literature of the use of data to effectively change or design curricula. Further, an area that will be important to investigate is the designing of curricula to include assessment of core attributes highlighted in employer surveys. The findings of this survey and other research conducted with employers in Bangladesh could be used by the government to design a generic skills survey or assessment to measure the extent to which final year student have achieved the generic skills rated as most important by employers.

7. References
Andaleeb, Syed Saad. (2003). Revitalizing Higher Education in Bangladesh: Insights from Alumni and Policy Prescriptions. Higher Education Policy, Vol. 16, No. 4 (December). Association of Graduate Recruiters (AGR) (1995). Skills for Graduates in the 21st Century. Cambridge: AGR. Andrews, J., & Higson, H. (2008). Graduate Employability, 'Soft Skills' Versus 'Hard' Knowledge: A European Study. Higher Education in Europe, 33, 411-422. Barrie, S.C. (2006), Understanding what we mean by the generic attributes of graduates. Higher Education, 51, 215-41. Bonaccorsi, Andrea and Daraio, Cinzia. 2007. Universities and strategic knowledge creation; Specialization and performance in Europe. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar publishing ltd. Cheng, Y. C., & Tam, W. M. (1997). Multi-models of Quality in Education, Quality Assurance in Education. Ehsan, Mohammad., 2008. Higher education governance in Bangladesh: the public private dilemma. Dhaka: Centre for development governance. GOB. 1992. Private University Act 1992. Dhaka: Bangladesh Gazette, Government of Bangladesh, 9th August. Page 56

Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

GOB. 1998. Private University(Ammendment) Act 1998. Dhaka: Bangladesh Gazette, Government of Bangladesh, 5th April. Jamal, Shawkat A. N. M. (2002), Role of Private Universities in Human Resource Development. Jaman, Zinat. (1987). Levin, H. M. (2002). Education Privatization: Cause, consequence and planning Implications.UNESCO, Paris: International Institute for Education Planning. Masum, Muhammed. (2008). Higher Education in Bangladesh: Problem and Policies. Retrieved February 24, 2009 UNESCO. (2005) Towards Knowledge Societies, UNESCO World Report, Paris. UNESCO. (2003c) 'Internationalization of higher education: Trends and developments since 1998'. Paris. University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh, Annual Report: 2003, Dhaka: UGC Publication No.116. University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh, Annual Report: 2004, Dhaka: UGC Publication No.116. University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh, Annual Report: 2005, Dhaka: UGC Publication No.116. University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh, Annual Report: 2006, Dhaka: UGC Publication No.116. University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh, Annual Report: 2007, Dhaka: UGC Publication No.116. University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh, Annual Report: 2008, Dhaka: UGC Publication No.128.

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UGC. 2006. Strategic Planning for Higher Education: 2006-2026, Dhaka: University Grants Commission of Bangladesh. World Bank. (2000) The Task Force on Higher Education and Society, Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise, Washington, DC, USA.

8.0 Appendix
To investigate the perception of employers about the quality of the students of some selected private universities.
Name Designation Organization Address Contact Number : : : : :

Q1. Students of private universities are good as an employee. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q2. Rank the following universities according to your preference. (1) American International University ( AIUB) (2) North South University ( NSU) (3) United International University (UIU) (4) Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology(AUST) (5) BRAC University (BRACU) 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

(6) Independent University Bangladesh (IUB) (7) East West University (EWU) (8) University of Asia Pacific (UAP)

Q3.Education Quality of above private university students is good. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q4.Students of private universities follows a Good course curriculum. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q5. Students of private universities possess strong communication skill. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q6. Students of private universities cannot adapt themselves in different environment. 1 Extremely Agree 2 Strongly Agree 3 Somewhat Agree 4 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q7. Students of private university have limited academic knowledge regarding their respective courses. 1 Extremely Agree 2 Strongly Agree 3 Somewhat Agree 4 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q8. Students of private universities can present themselves better than public university student. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 6 Disagree 7 Somewhat Disagree 8 Strongly Disagree 9 Extremely Disagree 6 Disagree 7 Somewhat Disagree 8 Strongly Disagree 9 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Extremely Agree

Strongly Agree

Somewhat Agree

Agree

Neither Agree nor Disagree

Disagree

Somewhat Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Extremely Disagree

Q9. Students of private university possess strong leadership quality. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q10. Students of private university cannot work under extreme pressure. 1 Extremely Agree 2 Strongly Agree 3 Somewhat Agree 4 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q11. Students of private university are willing to face and learn from errors and listen openly to feedback. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q12. Students of private universities are team players. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q13. Students of private universities are aware of social responsibilities. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q14. Students of private universities have limited Intellectual and practical skill. 1 Extremely Agree 2 Strongly Agree 3 Somewhat Agree 4 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree 6 Disagree 7 Somewhat Disagree 8 Strongly Disagree 9 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree 6 Disagree 7 Somewhat Disagree 8 Strongly Disagree 9 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree

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Perception of employers about the quality of some selected private university students in Bangladesh

Q15. Students of private universities have good command over English language. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q16. Students of private universities have limited Knowledge of human cultures and the physical and natural world. 1 Extremely Agree 2 Strongly Agree 3 Somewhat Agree 4 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree Q17. Students of private universities are willingness to listen to different points of view before coming to a decision. 9 Extremely Agree 8 Strongly Agree 7 Somewhat Agree 6 Agree 5 Neither Agree nor Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree 6 Disagree 7 Somewhat Disagree 8 Strongly Disagree 9 Extremely Disagree 4 Disagree 3 Somewhat Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Extremely Disagree

Thank you

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