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FE Review September 24th, 2008

1.

The time at the counter for a customer to be served at a post oﬃce can be modeled as a

random variable having mean 176 seconds and variance 256. The sample mean X will be obtained from the times for a random sample of 100 customers. What is the probability that

2.

X will be between 175 and 178 seconds?

SOLUTION: Here µ = 176 and σ 2 = 256 and so σ X = σ/ n = 16/10 = 1.6. Now,

P (175 X 178) = P (1 X 176 2) = P (.625 X 16/10 176 1.25).

Since n = 100 is large, the distribution of tion. This gives,

Xµ

σ/

n approaches that of standard normal distribu-

P (.625 X 16/10 176 1.25)

F (1.25) F (.625)

= .8944 .266 = .628

If the distribution of the weights of all men traveling by air between Dallas and El Paso has

a mean of 163 pounds and a standard deviation of 18 pounds, what is the probability that

the combined gross weight of 36 men traveling on a plane between these two cities is more than 6,000 pounds?

SOLUTION: Here µ = 163 and σ = 18. We need to ﬁnd

36

P( i=1 X i > 6, 000)

=

=

P (X > 6000/36 = 166.67) = P (X 163 > 3.67)

P( X 163

18/6

> 1.222)

Since n = 36 is relatively large, we use the central limit theorem to approximate this proba- bility by

1 F (1.222) = .111.

3.

If two random variables have the joint density

f (x, y) =

4 3 (x + y 2 )

0

SOLUTION: P (.2 < X < .5,

.4 < Y

< .6)

=

.5

.2

.6

.4

3

4

(x + y 2 )dydx

3

4 .2 (.2x + .152/3)dx

.5

=

= .027156

for 0 < x < 1, 0 < y < 1 elsewhere

=

=

.5

.2

3

4 (yx + y 3 )| .6

3

.4

3

4

(.2x 2 /2| .2

.5 + .152x/3| .5

.2 )

4. The probability that an electronic component will fail in the less than 1,000 hours of contin- uous use is 0.25. Use the normal approximation to ﬁnd the probability that among 200 such components fewer than 45 will fail in less than 1,000 hours of continuous use.

SOLUTION: In this case, n = 200, p = .25, µ = np = 50, σ 2 = npq = 37.5, σ = 6.1237. Here we use normal approximation to binomial distribution and so P (X < 45) is equal

P(Z 44.550

6.123

 ) and so, P (fewer than 45 fail) = F ((44.5 − 50)/6.1237) = F (−.90) = .1841

5. Ten bearings made by a certain process have a mean diameter of 0.5060 cm and a standard deviation of 0.0040 cm. Assuming that the data may be looked upon as a random sample from a normal population, construct a 95% conﬁdence interval for the actual average diameter of bearings made by this process.

SOLUTION: Note, we have a small sample from a normal population, And so we use the

small sample conﬁdence interval for µ with x = .5060, s = .0040, n = 10 and t .025 with 9 degrees of freedom, which is equal to 2.262. Hence the the 95 percent conﬁdence interval is given by:

.5060 (2.262) .0040 < µ < .5060 + (2.262) .0040

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