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# Unique Science Academy

## 106-A, New Muslim Town, Lahore

Name: ...Paper: Physics Time Allowed: 40 Minutes Code 5054 Maximum Marks: 25 Date: . Test Unit 10-11 Class: CI Theory Section: [Total 17Marks]
1 (a) Define specific latent heat of fusion.

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.......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... [1] (b) (i) A tray of area 0.25 m2, filled with ice to a depth of 12 mm, is removed from a refrigerator. Calculate the mass of ice on the tray. The density of ice is 920 kg / m3.

## Prepared By Mohammad Irfan

mass = ................................................. [2] (ii) Thermal energy from the Sun is falling on the ice at a rate of 250 W / m2. The ice absorbs 60 % of this energy. Calculate the energy absorbed in 1.0 s by the 0.25 m2 area of ice on the tray.

energy = ................................................. [2] (iii) The ice is at its melting temperature. Calculate the time taken for all the ice to melt. The specific latent heat of fusion of ice is 3.3 105 J / kg.

## Dedicated To My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain [Turn Over]

Solar panels are positioned on the roof of the house shown in Fig. 2.1. They use thermal energy from the Sun to provide hot water in an environmentally friendly way.

solar panels

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Fig.2.1 Cold water flows to the panels at 15 C. During the day, the panels supply 3.8 kg of hot water at 65 C every hour. (a) Calculate the average energy that the solar panels deliver to the water in one hour. Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J / (kg C).

## Prepared By Mohammad Irfan

energy = ................................................. [3] (b) The solar power incident on the roof during this heating period is 170 W / m2. The solar panels have a total area of 8.0 m2. Calculate the solar energy incident on the panels in one hour.

solar energy = ................................................. [2] (c) Calculate the efficiency of the solar panels, stating the equation you use.

## Dedicated To My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain [Turn Over]

(d) Explain why solar energy is called renewable energy. .......................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... [1] (e) State one disadvantage of using solar energy. .......................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... [1]

## MCQ Section: [Total8Marks]

1 Which statement explains this? A B C D 2 Copper has a higher melting point. Copper has a lower specific heat capacity. Copper has a smaller specific latent heat.

[Total: 9]

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Less heat is needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of copper by 1 C than is needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water by 1 C.

## Prepared By Mohammad Irfan

An ice cube, at a temperature of 0 C, has a mass of 10 g. The specific latent heat of fusion of water is 3 105 J / kg. How much heat energy is needed to convert the ice cube into 10 g of water at 0 C? A 30 J B 3000 J C 3 104 J D 3 106 J

The graph shows the temperature of a substance as it is heated steadily. In which part of the graph is the substance boiling?

temperature C B A

time

## Dedicated To My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain [Turn Over]

A night storage heater contains a large block of material that is heated electrically during the night. During the day the block cools down, releasing thermal energy into the room.

Which thermal capacity and which night-time temperature increase will cause the most energy to be stored by the block? thermal capacity of block A B C D large large small small night-time temperature increase large small large small

## Prepared By Mohammad Irfan

After a sheep has its wool cut off, it is harder for it to stay warm when the air temperature falls. How does the wool help the sheep to stay warm? A B C D Air can circulate between the wool fibres and heat up the skin by convection. Air trapped by the wool fibres reduces heat losses from the skin by convection. The wool fibres are curly so it takes longer for heat to be conducted away from the skin. The wool fibres conduct heat to the skin from the air outside.

Four blocks, made from different materials, are each heated so that they have the same increase in internal energy. Which block has the smallest thermal capacity?
A B C D

temperature rise = 3 C

temperature rise = 6 C

temperature rise = 9 C

temperature rise = 12 C

## Dedicated To My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain [Turn Over]

A solid object has a very large thermal capacity. What does this mean? A B C D A large amount of energy is needed to make the object become hot. A large amount of energy is needed to make the object melt. A small amount of energy is needed to make the object become hot. A small amount of energy is needed to make the object melt.

A heater supplies 80 J of energy to a block of metal. The temperature of the block rises by 20 C. What happens to the block of metal when its temperature falls by 10 C? A B C D Its internal energy decreases by 40 J. Its internal energy decreases by 160 J. Its internal energy increases by 40 J. Its internal energy increases by 160 J.

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A A A A

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C C C C

D D D D

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A A A A

B B B B

C C C C

D D D D

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