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TO STRENGTHEN OHIO FAMILIES WITH SOLUTIONS TO TEMPORARY CHALLENGES

John R. Kasich, Governor . Michael B. Colbert, Director

Quarterly economic trends for ohio oil and Gas industries


February 2013

CONTENTS
A Message from Director Colbert ................................ 2 Executive Summary ...................................................... 3 Background Information .............................................. 4 Data Sources ............................................................... 4 Data Limitations ......................................................... 4 Snapshot of Ohios Economy .................................... 5 Mining Jobs vs. Total Jobs in Ohio .......................... 5 Statewide Shale-Related Industries ............................ 6 JobsOhio Network ......................................................... 7 Regional Shale-Related Industries .............................. 8 Wages for Ohio Shale-Related Core and Ancillary Industries ........................................................................ 9 Ohio Shale-Related Online Job Postings ................... 10 Well Activity Status as of December 2012 ................ 11 Statewide High-Priority Occupations Related to Shale-Related Industries ............................................. 12 Statewide Shale-Related Employment Data ............. 14 JobsOhio Network Shale-Related Employment ....... 15 County Unemployment Rates December 2012 ......... 16 County Unemployment Rates December 2011 .......... 17 Definitions ..................................................................... 18

A Message from Director Colbert


Ohio is fortunate to have a natural gift with great potential for reinvigorating our economy: huge deposits of shale rock, beneath which sit potentially vast reserves of oil and natural gas. Safely and responsibly extracting this oil and gas and making them usable as energy sources will take work, but Ohio is perfectly poised to do that work. We have a workforce equipped with the skills employers need and a multitude of local training programs to keep that pipeline of skilled workers flowing. The pages that follow show the effect that shale already has had on Ohios economy, as of June 2012. Total shale-related employment for the second quarter of 2012 was 179,414, and employment in core shale-related industries was up 15.5 percent from the second quarter of 2011. In any given month, thousands of shale-related jobs openings are posted online, at www.ohiomeansjobs.com. The Ohio Board of Regents also provides an overview of shale-related employment opportunities and information about education and training at www.ohioenergypathways.com. The average wages of shale-related jobs are excellent: $73,070 in core shale-related industries (such as pipeline construction and well drilling), and $58,981 in ancillary shale-related industries (such as freight trucking and environmental consulting). To put that in perspective, the average wage in all industries in Ohio is $43,958. For Ohio families and communities still struggling to regain their financial footing after the recession, this is welcome news. The Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) has been working hard to help employers, workers and the state as a whole take advantage of these opportunities. Weve been working closely with the Board of Regents, local workforce investment areas, post-secondary educational institutions and employers to identify the most-needed shale-related occupations and make sure that training programs are in place to help fill them. Individuals can sign up for on-the-job training opportunities at any of the states local One-Stop Centers, which provide free job training and other services to Ohioans looking for work and employers looking for workers. Individuals can post their resumes, and employers can post job openings at www.ohiomeansjobs.com. We are excited about the potential shale holds for Ohio and will publish regular snapshots of shale employment trends in future issues of this report. Check back quarterly for the latest updates.

Michael B. Colbert, Director Ohio Department of Job and Family Services

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Employment (2011 Q2 to 2012 Q2) Core industry employment (such as pipeline construction and well drilling) was up 1,064 (15.5 percent). Ancillary industry employment (such as freight trucking and environmental consulting) was up 4,564 (2.7 percent). All industry employment was up 86,925 (1.7 percent). Total employment in shale-related industries for the second quarter of 2012 was 179,414. Business Establishments (2011 Q2 to 2012 Q2) 42 core business establishments were added. Ancillary industries declined by 58 establishments. This represented a 7.1 percent growth in the core industries and a modest decline in the ancillary industries. Over the same time period, there was virtually no change in the number of Ohio establishments. Shale-related business establishments totaled 13,439 during the second quarter of 2012. Wages (2011 Q3 through 2012 Q2) The average wage across all industries was $43,958. The average wage in core industries was $73,070, which was $29,112 greater than the average for all industries. The average wage in ancillary industries was $58,981, which was $15,023 greater than the average for all industries. Stable Employment, All Hires and Separations (2010 Q4 to 2011 Q4) Stable jobs, those present at the beginning and end of a quarter, increased in all core shalerelated industries. Stable employment in oil and gas extraction and support activities for mining increased 4.0 and 5.3 percent, respectively. The largest percent increase was in pipeline transportation of natural gas (9.0 percent). Online Job Postings (2012 Q4) There were 6,036 online job postings statewide in core and ancillary industries.
These data are meant to provide a barometer of shale-related economic activity and employment trends. While the vast majority of shale-related employment can be found in certain industries, not all business establishments in those industries are involved in shale activity. For those that are, not all of their products and services and, therefore, their employment, are necessarily linked to shale-related economic activity.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Data Sources
The purpose of this quarterly publication is to provide the most current available data on shale-related economic activity in Ohio. Although several data sources are cited in this publication, the primary source is the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The QCEW program derives its data from quarterly tax reports of employers subject to state and federal unemployment insurance laws. This includes 95 percent or more of all wage and salary employment in Ohio. Under the QCEW program, employment data represent the number of covered workers who worked during, or received pay for, the pay period including the 12th of the month. Excluded are members of the armed forces, the self-employed, unpaid family workers and railroad workers covered by the railroad unemployment insurance system. Data is published approximately six months after the quarter ends. Also included in this publication are several additional data sources that capture Ohios overall economic situation (Local Area Unemployment Statistics and Current Employment Statistics), employer demand (The Conference Board Help Wanted OnLineData Set) and hiring activity (Quarterly Workforce Indicators). For an explanation of all data sources, please refer to the Definitions section on page 18. In this edition, data from the QCEW program are for the second quarter of 2012. This is the most current data available. Because the data are not seasonally adjusted, the same quarter must be used when analyzing growth over time. This will ensure that seasonal factors are not influencing employment change. Therefore, second quarter 2012 QCEW data are compared to second quarter 2011 QCEW data.

Data Limitations
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) was used to define shale-related industries. Much of the information included in this publication reflects data on a group of six industries identified as core and a group of 30 industries identified as ancillary. These data are meant to provide a barometer of shale-related economic activity and employment trends. While the vast majority of shale-related employment can be found in these industries, not all business establishments in these industries are involved in shale activity. For those that are, not all of their products and services and, therefore, their employment are necessarily linked to shale-related economic activity. This is particularly true for the ancillary industries. The data in this edition include government employment (federal, state and local) in all shale-related industries because significant non-private employment is present in a number of these industries, most notably: highway, street and bridge construction; engineering services; water supply and irrigation systems; and sewage treatment facilities. As shale-related activity develops further in Ohio, additional industries may be added to the ancillary group, based on such factors as significant employment gains in an industry in a geographic region or the identification of a group of companies in the same industry involved in shale-related activity. 4

Snapshot of Ohios Economy


Ohios seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for December 2012 was 6.7 percent. o The rate was 1.2 percentage points lower than the December 2011 rate. Ohio had 5,185,000 seasonally adjusted nonfarm jobs in December 2012. o From December 2011, employment increased by 90,700 jobs. Ohios hiring activity increased from the fourth quarter of 2010 to the fourth quarter of 2011. o Across all industries, an estimated 862,263 workers started new jobs (new hires and rehires) during the fourth quarter of 2011, an increase of 38,124 hires over the fourth quarter of 2010. Employer demand increased in Ohio. o 441,119 job ads were posted online in fourth quarter 2012, an increase of 29,518 from fourth quarter 2011. Ohios supply/demand rate, which is the ratio of the number of unemployed people to advertised job vacancies, decreased slightly in December 2012 (The Conference Board). o The Ohio supply/demand rate was 2.15, which was lower than the U.S. rate (2.55).

Shale Report Page 5 Mining Jobs vs. Total Jobs in Ohio Total Mining and Logging Employment since January 2001 (Seasonally Adjusted).
14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 Mining and Logging (left axis) Total Employment (right axis) 5,700,000 5,600,000 5,500,000 5,400,000 5,300,000 5,200,000 5,100,000 5,000,000 4,900,000 4,800,000 4,700,000

Source: Current Employment Statistics. Estimates may be revised. Source: Current Employment Statistics. Estimates may be revised.

In December 2012, 11,200 Ohio workers were employed in the mining and logging industries. o From December 2011 to December 2012, employment decreased by a total of 800 jobs.

Shale Report Table on page 5

STATEWIDE SHALE-RELATED INDUSTRIES


2011 Q2 Estab. Empl. 194 2,863 3 24 79 525 181 1,292 98 1,862 36 307 591 6,873 2011 Q2 Estab. Empl. 83 5,292 142 3,723 248 6,049 212 3,846 390 5,029 724 15,156 628 5,117 5 357 47 748 58 9,982 53 3,122 12 453 6 137 200 2,575 1,693 15,287 503 4,803 1,361 12,206 1,008 7,094 284 4,540 291 949 167 1,318 2,285 27,611 51 257 359 6,535 299 1,676 178 2,394 1,102 7,328 165 6,259 281 6,586 29 484 12,864 13,455 166,913 173,786 2012 Q2 Estab. Empl. 198 2,864 11 160 92 635 195 1,522 101 2,435 36 321 633 7,937 2012 Q2 Estab. Empl. 75 4,664 148 4,118 253 6,122 208 3,784 374 5,065 720 15,983 603 5,427 5 315 45 784 62 10,754 51 3,138 10 508 10 346 202 3,015 1,668 16,063 508 4,645 1,344 12,514 1,012 7,582 292 4,863 284 927 173 1,502 2,278 28,589 52 279 363 5,748 306 1,693 202 2,701 1,092 7,692 162 6,196 276 5,992 28 468 12,806 13,439 171,477 179,414 Change Estab. Empl. 4 1 8 136 13 110 14 230 3 573 0 14 42 1,064 Change Estab. Empl. -8 -628 6 395 5 73 -4 -62 -16 36 -4 827 -25 310 0 -42 -2 36 4 772 -2 16 -2 55 4 209 2 440 -25 776 5 -158 -17 308 4 488 8 323 -7 -22 6 184 -7 978 1 22 4 -787 7 17 24 307 -10 364 -3 -63 -5 -594 -1 -16 -58 -16 4,564 5,628

Number of Business Establishments and Employment in Shale-Related Industries (2011 Q2-2012 Q2)
Core Industries NAICS Title 211111 Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction 211112 Natural gas liquid extraction 213111 Drilling oil and gas wells 213112 Support activities for oil and gas operations 237120 Oil and gas pipeline construction 486210 Pipeline transportation of natural gas

NAICS 221112 221210 221310 221320 237110 237310 238912 325110 325120 331110 331210 333131 333132 423810 423830 423840 484110 484220 484230 531190 532412 541330 541360 541380 541620 562910 811310 924110 924120 926130

Totals Ancillary Industries Title Fossil fuel electric power generation Natural gas distribution Water supply and irrigation systems Sewage treatment facilities Water and sewer system construction Highway, street, and bridge construction Nonresidential site preparation contractors Petrochemical manufacturing Industrial gas manufacturing Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing Iron, steel pipe and tube from purchase steel Mining machinery and equipment manufacturing Oil and gas field machinery and equipment Construction equipment merchant wholesalers Industrial machinery merchant wholesalers Industrial supplies merchant wholesalers General freight trucking, local Other specialized trucking, local Other specialized trucking, long-distance Lessors of other real estate property Other heavy machinery rental and leasing Engineering services Geophysical surveying and mapping services Testing laboratories Environmental consulting services Remediation services Commercial machinery repair and maintenance Air, water, and waste program administration Administration of conservation programs Utility regulation and administration Totals

Core Industries and Ancillary Industries Totals


Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.

From 2011 Q2 to 2012 Q2, employment in core industries increased by 1,064 (15.5(15.5 percent). the same From 2011 Q2 to 2012 Q2, employment in core industries increased by 1,064 percent). Over Over the same period, ancillary industries increased by 4,564increased by 4,564 (2.7 percent). period, employment in employment in ancillary industries (2.7 percent). From 2011 Q2 to 2012 Q2, the number of business establishments in the core industries grew From 2011 Q2 to 2012 Q2, the number of business establishments in the core industries grew by 42 (7.1 percent), while establishments in ancillary industries declined by 58 (-0.1 percent).
by 42 (7.1 percent), while establishments in ancillary industries declined by 58 (-0.1 percent).

JOBSOHIO NETWORK

JobsOhio Network
Toledo
Williams Fulton Lucas

! @
Ottawa

Lake

Ashtabula

Cleveland
Erie

! @

Geauga Trumbull

Defiance

Henry

Wood

Cuyahoga Sandusky Lorain Summit Medina Mahoning Wyandot Crawford Richland Ashland Portage

Paulding Putnam Van Wert Allen Hardin Mercer Auglaize Hancock

Seneca

Huron

Wayne

Stark

Columbiana

Marion Morrow

Holmes Knox Tuscarawas Coshocton

Carroll Jefferson Harrison

Shelby

Logan Union Champaign Delaware

Darke Miami

Clark Montgomery Preble

! @ Columbus
Madison

Franklin

Licking Muskingum

Guernsey

Belmont

! @ Dayton

Greene Fayette

Fairfield Pickaway Hocking

Perry Morgan

Noble

Monroe

Butler

Warren

Clinton Ross Vinton Highland

! @ Nelsonville
Athens

Washington

Hamilton

! @ Cincinnati

Clermont Brown Adams

Pike

Meigs Jackson Gallia

Scioto

Partners
Lawrence Appalachian Business Council Cincinnati USA Partnership Columbus 2020! Dayton Development Coalition Regional Growth Partnership Team NEO

R020411A

Page 8 Regional Shale-Related Industries

REGIONAL SHALE-RELATED INDUSTRIES

The JobsOhio Network is a partnership of statewide economic development organizations with deep ties to their business communities. The following charts show trends in shale-related employment for each of the six JobsOhio regions.

Core Shale-Related Industries Percent Employment Change (2011 Q2 - 2012 Q2)


Dayton Development Coalition 46.1%

50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% -10.0% -20.0%


Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.

Appalachian Business Council 21.5% Cincinnati USA Partnership Columbus 2020! -13.6% -9.9%

Team Neo 18.2% Regional Growth Partnership 3.2%

For the core shale-related industries, the largest percent growth in employment was in the Dayton Development Coalition region (46.1 percent), followed by the Appalachian Business Council region (21.5 percent).
Ancillary Shale-Related Industries Percent Employment Change (2011 Q2 - 2012 Q2)
7.0% 6.0% 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% 0.0% -1.0% -2.0% -3.0% Appalachian Business Council 4.6%

Team Neo Columbus 2020! 3.8% 3.6% Dayton Regional Growth Cincinnati USA Development Partnership Partnership 1.3% Coalition -2.1% 0.2%

Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.

For the ancillary shale-related industries, the largest percent growth in employment was in the Appalachian Business Council region (4.6 percent), followed by the Team Neo region (3.8 percent).

WAGES FOR OHIO SHALE CORE AND ANCILLARY INDUSTRIES


The average wage across all industries for 2011 Page 9 Q3 through 2012 Q2 was $43,958. The average wage in the core industries was The average wage across all industries for approximately Q3 through 2012 Q2 was the average 2011 $29,112 greater than $43,958. wage for all industries.
The average wage in the core industries was approximately $29,112 greater than the The average wage in the ancillary industriesaverage wage for all industries. was approximately $15,023 higher. The average wage in the ancillary industries was approximately $15,023 higher. CORE ShaleRelated Industries (2011 Q3-2012 Q2) Ancillary ShaleRelated Industries (2011 Q3-2012 Q2)

$73,070

$58,981

All Ohio Industries (2011 Q3-2012 Q2)

$43,958

Average Wage by Industry


Average Wage by Industry
CORE INDUSTRIES Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction Pipeline transportation of natural gas Natural gas liquid extraction Oil and gas pipeline construction Support activities for oil and gas operations Drilling oil and gas wells

$98,268 $74,832 $69,207 $59,511 $55,483 $45,810 $0 $20,000 $40,000 $60,000 $80,000 $100,000

ANCILLARY INDUSTRIES Petrochemical manufacturing Fossil fuel electric power generation Natural gas distribution Engineering services Industrial gas manufacturing Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy manufacturing Utility regulation and administration Industrial machinery merchant wholesalers Oil and gas field machinery and equipment Iron, steel pipe and tube from purchase steel Environmental consulting services Highway, street, and bridge construction Construction equipment merchant wholesalers Industrial supplies merchant wholesalers Air, water, and waste program administration Water and sewer system construction Testing laboratories Other heavy machinery rental and leasing Sewage treatment facilities Remediation services Water supply and irrigation systems Mining machinery and equipment manufacturing Nonresidential site preparation contractors Other specialized trucking, long-distance Commercial machinery repair and maintenance Geophysical surveying and mapping services Administration of conservation programs Other specialized trucking, local General freight trucking, local Lessors of other real estate property
$96,477 $92,374

$74,332 $71,190 $70,120 $70,051 $68,962 $64,847 $62,864 $61,344 $60,250 $59,347 $59,268 $58,043 $57,076 $56,637 $54,096 $53,825 $53,566 $52,905 $50,557 $50,461 $50,461 $49,390 $48,558 $43,273 $41,346 $41,201 $40,107 $25,851

Shale Report Table on page 10

Ohio Shale-Related Online Job Postings


Ohio Statewide Online Job Postings Core Industries Ancillary Industries Total: ALL Industries

OHIO SHALE-RELATED ONLINE JOB POSTINGS


2011 Q4 164 6,389 411,601 2012 Q4 160 5,875 441,119 % Change -2.4% -8.0% 7.2%

JobsOhio Network Region Online Job Postings Core & Ancillary Combined Appalachian Business Council Cincinnati USA Partnership Columbus 2020! Dayton Development Coalition Regional Growth Partnership Team NEO Total* 2011 Q4 230 1,254 1,403 765 454 2,137 6,554 2012 Q4 293 917 977 739 335 2,599 6,036

% Change 27.4% -26.9% -30.4% -3.4% -26.2% 21.6% -7.9%

Source: The Conference Board Help Wanted Online (HWOL). Data subject to revision. Not seasonally adjusted.

*The total includes job ads that may have listed Ohio as the only geographical area.

As a result, the sum of the job ads for the JobsOhio Regions may be lower, since it does not include these ads without a city or MSA specification.

Ohio Online Job Postings Total job postings across all industries for Ohio were 7.2 percent higher in fourth quarter 2012 than in fourth quarter 2011. Overall, job postings decreased in core and ancillary shale-related industries. JobsOhio Network Region Online Job Postings The Appalachian Business Council (27.4 percent) and Team Neo (21.6 percent) regions had increases in the number of job postings in fourth quarter 2012 when compared to fourth quarter 2011.

10

WELL ACTIVITY STATUS AS OF DECEMBER 2012


STATE OF OHIO John R. Kasich, Governor DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES James Zehringer, Director OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Jeff Rowley, Chief

HORIZONTAL OIL AND GAS WELLS IN THE UTICA/POINT PLEASANT AND MARCELLUS FORMATIONS
OHIO DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 2012
283 6 HEIGHTS EAST CLEVELAND CLEVELAND EUCLID MAYFIELD 174 BURTON 608 ORANGE RUSSELL NEWBURY Lake 168 CHAGRIN FALLS CHESTER MUNSON CLARIDON HUNTSBURG WINDSOR ORWELL COLEBROOK WAYNE 322

ODNR OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY December, 2012

WILLIAMSFIELD

Well Activity Status as of December 28, 2012


611 BLACK RIVER

SHEFFIELD LAKE

AVON LAKE
AVON

BAY VILLAGE
90 254

20

6 CITY OF

6 490

322

ROCKY 2 RIVER
10

CLEVELAND LAKEWOOD

14

20 CLEVELAND EUCLID HEIGHTS SHAKER 87 HEIGHTS 422

SOUTH

MAYFIELD HEIGHTS

East Branch Reservoir

ASH TABULA

LORAIN

SHEFFIELD

AVON
83

WESTLAKE

DOVER

ROCKPORT BROOKLYN

CLEVELAND

WARRENSVILLE

BEACHWOOD
175

Punderson

MIDDLEFIELD

BLOOMFIELD 45

87

GREENE 46

GUSTAVUS

KINSMAN

VERMILION

AMHERST
58 AMHERST

90 ELYRIA

Wells Permitted To Date: Utica/Point Pleasant: 275 Marcellus: 8 Wells Drilled To Date: Utica/Point Pleasant: 145 Marcellus: 2 Wells Producing To Date: Utica/Point Pleasant: 45 Marcellus: 5 Wells Inactive To Date: Utica/Point Pleasant: 4 Marcellus: 2 Wells Not Drilled To Date: Utica/Point Pleasant: 6 Marcellus: 3 Wells Plugged To Date: Utica/Point Pleasant: 9 Marcellus: 0 Wells Other To Date: Utica/Point Pleasant: Marcellus: 0 0

HURON 13 BERLIN ANNEX

2 VERMILION

301

BROWNHELM

NORTH RIDGEVILLE
RIDGEVILLE

NORTH OLMSTED
OLMSTED

FAIRVIEW PARK

17

BROOKLYN

GARFIELD HEIGHTS

WARRENSVILLE 480 HEIGHTS

GEAUGA
44

528

MESOPOTAMIA

ELYRIA

80

ER I E
MILAN BERLIN 61 WAKEMAN FLORENCE

INDEPENDENCE BROOK 291 PARK PARMA 77 PARMA HEIGHTS MIDDLEBURG PARMA SEVEN BEREA MIDDLEBURG HILLS HEIGHTS 3 237 BROADVIEW HEIGHTS 94

480

MAPLE BEDFORD HEIGHTS HEIGHTS


BEDFORD

La Duc Reservoir
TROY 700 PARKMAN FARMINGTON 534 422 BRISTOL 88 MECCA JOHNSTON

BEDFORD

SOLON

306 BAINBRIDGE 43 AUBURN

VERNON

SOLON

Mosquito Creek Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD


HARTFORD

Geauga Lake Aurora Pond


AURORA

80

113 HENRIETTA RUSSIA

21 SAGAMORE HILLS

LO R A I N
CARLISLE 20 EATON 82 COLUMBIA 252

STRONGSVILLE
STRONGSVILLE

60

OBERLIN

Oberlin Reservoir

NORTH ROYALTON
Cuyahoga Valley National Park National Park NPS

ROYALTON

CUYAHO G A
BRECKSVILLE

MACEDONIA 82

TWINSBURG
TWINSBURG 480

282 MANTUA HIRAM 305 SOUTHINGTON

Mosquito TR U M B U L L Creek Reservoir


CHAMPION 5

609

BRECKSVILLE

MACEDONIA
NORTHFIELD CENTER

AURORA Sunny
Lake

305

FOWLER 193

NORWALK

601 TOWNSEND CAMDEN 18 PITTSFIELD 303 LAGRANGE

271 77 RICHFIELD 303 BOSTON

57 GRAFTON LIVERPOOL

176

80

BRUNSWICK

BRUNSWICK

HINCKLEY 606

HUDSON
8 91

Hudson Springs Lake

STREETSBORO
480 STREETSBORO SHALERSVILLE FREEDOM 88 RAVENNA 80

NELSON 82 WINDHAM 303 BRACEVILLE

BAZETTA

BROOKFIELD 7

HUDSON

WARREN

WARREN

HOWLAND

VIENNA

Hinckley Lake

Twin Rockwell Lakes/West Lake Lake Pippen Brady Lake

Lake

82

169

BRONSON

HARTLAND

HURON

271 CLARKSFIELD BRIGHTON WELLINGTON PENFIELD YORK MEDINA GRANGER BATH 77 LITCHFIELD

CUYAHOGA FALLS
NORTHAMPTON

Wellington Reservoir 1

18

Silver Lake

Wyoga Lake STOW


STOW FRANKLIN

RAVENNA
59 5

PO R T A G E
CHARLESTOWN

Ravenna Arsenal Army DOD


PARIS NEWTON LORDSTOWN

NILES

Lake Girard Liberty Lake


11

Coalbury Lake
LIBERTY 62

WEATHERSFIELD

KENT
18

250 FAIRFIELD 162 FITCHVILLE

Spencer Lake
NEW LONDON ROCHESTER HUNTINGTON 162 SPENCER CHATHAM

MEDINA MEDINA
LAFAYETTE MONTVILLE

SHARON

Lake Hodgson Muzzy Lake Sandy Lake

Michael J. Kirwan Reservoir Army Corps of Engineers DOD

GIRARD
711 46

304

80 62

HUBBARD

HUBBARD

COPLEY PORTAGE

SUM MIT AKRON

TALLMADGE

TALLMADGE

42

Chippewa Lake

Barberton Reservoir

162

Mogadore Reservoir

BRIMFIELD

76

ROOTSTOWN

Michael Kirwan Reservoir

225 PALMYRA

Lake Milton
MILTON

45 JACKSON

YOUNGSTOWN
AUSTINTOWN YOUNGSTOWN 62 422

Mc Kelvey Lake
COITSVILLE 616

EDINBURG 14

534

Meander Creek Reservoir


62 625

CAMPBELL
Lake Newport

261 58 RIPLEY 224 GREENWICH RUGGLES TROY 511 13 301 224 SULLIVAN HOMER 421 HARRISVILLE 224 WESTFIELD GUILFORD

Summit Lake
277

532 764 77 277 224 SPRINGFIELD SUFFIELD 44 62

STRUTHERS

NORTON WADSWORTH
57 21 WADSWORTH NORTON

Lake Hamilton
POLAND 680

289

Lake Dorothy

COVENTRY 619

Long Lake

Springfield Lake

Wingfoot Lake Congress Lake

RANDOLPH

224

ATWATER

224

BERLIN

ELLSWORTH

CANFIELD

224 BOARDMAN

Berlin Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD

MAHONING
76

Cinnamon Lake
250 BLOOMING GROVE BUTLER CLEAR CREEK ORANGE JACKSON

71 3 CONGRESS CANAAN 604 MILTON 94 CHIPPEWA

BARBERTON
FRANKLIN

Portage Lakes
GREEN
93 GREEN LAKE

43 MARLBORO

Walburn Reservoir
619 LEXINGTON

DEERFIELD

Evans Lake

630 170

62 SMITH 62 165 GOSHEN GREEN 7 BEAVER 626

SPRINGFIELD

Mud Lake

Luna Lake
539

173 83 241 585 WAYNE GREEN BAUGHMAN LAWRENCE JACKSON 236

ALLIANCE
183

62

SALEM
PERRY BUTLER

Pine Lake Beaver Lake


14

617

96

ASHLAND
FRANKLIN WELLER MILTON MONTGOMERY PERRY 250

302 CHESTER

Lake NORTH Cable CANTON


PLAIN 687 62 NIMISHILLEN WASHINGTON

Westville Lake
KNOX

344 SALEM

164 FAIRFIELD 558

UNITY 165 46

545

603

WAYNE ASH LAND


60 89

ORRVILLE

WOOSTER
30 250 30 WOOSTER MOHICAN PLAIN EAST UNION 30 30 172 TUSCARAWAS

Sippo Lake

Meyers Lake CANTON

LOUISVILLE

153

Salem Reservoir
517 154

S TA R K
297 62 CANTON 627 30 30 OSNABURG PARIS 172 WEST

Guilford Lake
CENTER

Charles Mill Lake MANSFIELD


Williams Defiance Paulding Putnam Hancock Van Wert Allen Auglaize Shelby Darke Miami Hardin Logan Fulton Henry Lucas Wood Lake Ottawa Sandusky Seneca Erie Huron Cuyahoga Lorain Medina Summit Portage Mahoning Columbiana Carroll Tuscarawas Coshocton Guernsey Noble Morgan Hocking Ross Pike Adams Scioto Vinton Jackson Gallia Lawrence Athens Meigs Washington Jefferson Harrison Geauga Trumbull Ashtabula

MASSILLON
PERRY 30

30 VERMILLION

430

MIFFLIN

SUGAR CREEK

HANOVER

30

11

ELK RUN

MIDDLETON

Lake Tomahawk

42

RICH LAND
MADISON 42 39

Charles Mill Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD


250

CO LUMBIANA
44

179 LAKE CLINTON Shreve

226

FRANKLIN SALT CREEK PAINT SUGAR CREEK BETHLEHEM 21 PIKE 800 SANDY

Ashland Wayne WyandotCrawford Richland Marion Morrow Knox Holmes

644 43

Stark

Mercer

TROY

WASHINGTON

MONROE

GREEN

Lake

Lake Mohawk

BROWN

AUGUSTA

EAST

FRANKLIN

WAYNE

518 MADISON 267 45

ST. CLAIR

Union Delaware

Champaign Clark Madison Franklin

Pleasant Hill Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD

Licking Muskingum Fairfield Perry

Belmont

Pleasant Hill Lake


WASHINGTON

Odell Lake
RIPLEY 754 PRAIRIE SALT CREEK 241

Beach City Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD


PAINT 171 39 HARRISON WASHINGTON FOX CENTER 524

Highlandtown Lake
WASHINGTON YELLOW CREEK

LIVERPOOL

EAST LIVERPOOL

Preble Montgomery Greene Fayette Butler Hamilton Clermont Brown Warren Clinton Highland

Pickaway

Monroe

13 WORTHINGTON 95 KNOX 97 HANOVER

Beach City Lake


WAYNE

250 FRANKLIN 250

LAWRENCE

SANDY

ROSE

PERRY

JEFFERSON

TU S C A R A W A S
212

542

Priority Tiers
1 2 3
MIDDLEBURY 546

39 MONROE

HOLMES
HARDY BERLIN

515 WALNUT CREEK 516

Atwood Lake

CARROLL

BRUSH CREEK SALINE 213

DOVER
DOVER 211

FAIRFIELD MONROE WARREN

Atwood Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD


UNION 9 SPRINGFIELD

Knox Lake
PIKE BERLIN 3 BROWN

205

JEFFERSON 514 RICHLAND

520

SUGAR CREEK

Leesville Lake
332 PERRY 164

LEE ROSS 152

KILLBUCK

Lake Buckhorn MECHANIC

557 CLARK AUBURN 651 YORK

NEW PHILADELPHIA
259

GOSHEN

39

Leesville Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD


ORANGE

J EF F E R S O N

Austin Lake

KNOX

62 WAYNE MORRIS MONROE 768

LOUDON 43 SALEM ISLAND CREEK

60

Projection is Ohio state plane coordinate system, south zone North American Datum 1983.

KNOX
308

HOWARD

Apple Valley Lake

UNION 416 151 MONROE 250 NORTH RUMLEY 646 GERMAN

UNION TIVERTON MONROE CLARK 83 MILL CREEK

643 CRAWFORD BUCKS

LIBERTY

MOUNT VERNON
CLINTON 36

36

206 715 HARRISON 229 BUTLER

JEFFERSON

WARWICK MILL

822

COLLEGE PLEASANT

STEUBENVILLE
CROSS CREEK

Mohawk Reservoir Army Corps of Engineers DOD


NEWCASTLE JEFFERSON BETHLEHEM 36 KEENE 621 WHITE EYES

93 CLAY ADAMS 751 77 SALEM

EXPLANATION
Utica/Point Pleasant Well Heads Marcellus Well Heads Horizontal Wellbores
MILFORD MILLER 661

Tappan Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD


FRANKLIN RUSH 800 STOCK

WAYNE

STEUBENVILLE

Tappan Lake Clendening Lake

ARCHER

GREEN

541 MORGAN CLAY JACKSON PERRY BEDFORD

CO SH OCTO N
16 JACKSON TUSCARAWAS LAFAYETTE OXFORD OXFORD WASHINGTON PERRY WASHINGTON

HARRISON
CADIZ

Friendship Park Lake


151 WELLS SMITHFIELD 152

NOTTINGHAM

Utica/Point Pleasant Bottom Holes


Permitted Drilling Producing Inactive Not Drilled Plugged Other
ST. ALBANS LIBERTY Mc KEAN 657 NEWTON MARY ANN PERRY JACKSON BENNINGTON BURLINGTON 13 WASHINGTON EDEN 79 FALLSBURY 586 PIKE

COSHOCTON

799 258 342 FREEPORT MOOREFIELD

Clendening Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD

22

519 ATHENS

SHORT CREEK MOUNT PLEASANT 150

WARREN

WASHINGTON

VIRGINIA

FRANKLIN

Wills Creek Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD

Wills Creek Lake

LINTON

WHEELING

MONROE

WASHINGTON

541

Salt Fork Lake


LIBERTY

Piedmont Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD

Piedm ont Lake

250 331 FLUSHING WHEELING

LONDONDERRY JEFFERSON MADISON KIRKWOOD UNION

CASS
Jefferson

COLERAIN

647 PEASE

GRANVILLE

208 MADISON

ADAMS

MONROE 662

KNOX 658

Marcellus Bottom Holes


Permitted Drilling Producing Inactive Not Drilled

16 161 NEWARK

666 60 MUSKINGUM 146 93

NEWARK

LI C K I N G
MADISON HANOVER LICKING

40

83 SALEM HIGHLAND

209 ADAMS

Dillon Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD

GUERNSEY
CAMBRIDGE
723 CAMBRIDGE 40 40 CENTER 70 WILLS

Belmont Lake
OXFORD

RICHLAND 9 470

HEATH

Dillon Lake

513

PULTNEY

FRANKLIN UNION LICKING 40 37 79 360

HOPEWELL

ZANESVILLE
FALLS HOPEWELL

WASHINGTON PERRY 797 22 22 UNION

Spring Lake
265 WESTLAND 660 JACKSON RICHLAND 313 VALLEY WAYNE 761

WARREN MILLWOOD 147

BE L M O N T
GOSHEN SMITH

149 147

MEAD

ODNR Lands
Division of Forestry Department Division of Parks Division of Watercraft Division of Wildlife Natural Areas and Preserves

Buckeye Lake

70

BOWLING GREEN SPRINGFIELD 719

MUSKI NG UM
WAYNE SALT CREEK

Seneca Lake
BEAVER

Barnesville Reservoir 1
SOMERSET WAYNE 148 WASHINGTON YORK

872

574 566

THORN WALNUT

204 HOPEWELL 668 MADISON

RICH HILL

SPENCER 672 BUFFALO 146

Senecaville Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD


SENECA 379 SENECA MALAGA SUNSBURY 556 SWITZERLAND

NEWTON

757 256

22 RICHLAND 188 PLEASANT CLAY CLAYTON 345 HARRISON

BRUSH CREEK

HARRISON

BLUE ROCK

284 MEIGS

340 BROOKFIELD NOBLE

Wolf Run Lake


215

285

MARION

READING

383

NO BLE

CENTER SUMMIT

555 83 YORK 669 BLOOM STOCK 724 145 FRANKLIN 376 BRISTOL MANCHESTER SHARON OLIVE 821 DEERFIELD 37 MORGAN MALTA ENOCH 564

Wayne National Forest National Forest FS


CENTER

ADAMS SALEM 78

78

MO NRO E
WAYNE

LANCASTER

FA I R F I E L D
RUSH CREEK JACKSON

13

60

GREEN 255 536 OHIO

PE R R Y
33 312 PLEASANT

PIKE

BEARFIELD

PERRY

MO RG AN
MEIGSVILLE CENTER 339 JACKSON AURELIUS

JEFFERSON

ELK

260 BETHEL 565

537 26 BENTON

800

LEE

2.5

10 Miles
BERNE

664 MARION

MONDAY CREEK

SALT LICK 155 COAL 216 595 MONROE UNION 78

JACKSON

2.5

5
SCALE 1:275,000

10

15Kilometers
33 374 GOOD HOPE 180

HO CKI NG
Hocking County Lakes
FALLS

FALLS GORE

93

Wayne National Forest National Forest FS


GREEN

Burr Oak Lake Army Corps of Engineers DOD

Burr Oak Reservoir

377 PENN 266 792 ADAMS 530 SALEM WINDSOR

WASHINGTON

WASHI NG TO N
LIBERTY

ATH ENS

WARD

LAUREL

TRIMBLE

HOMER

Data source: The ODNR Division of Oil and Gas Resources provided the Well data from RBDMS; The ODNR Division of Geological Survey provided the S<SUB1</SUB> data; The ODNR Office of Information Technology provided the ODNR lands data; The NationalAtlas.gov provided the WATERFORD federal lands; Ohio Department of Transportation provided the city boundaries, roads, and lakes data.
MARION

LUDLOW

GRANDVIEW

11

STATEWIDE HIGH-PRIORITY OCCUPATIONS RELATED TO SHALE-RELATED INDUSTRIES


The occupations listed in the table below and on the next page are found in shale-related core and ancillary industries and have been identified as high-priority occupations. High-priority occupations are identified as in demand by employers, have higher skills needs, and are most likely to provide familysustaining wages. A standard occupation classification (SOC) code is provided for each occupation. For a complete list of terms, please refer to the Staffing Patterns definition on page 19. Average Median Wage
$22,490 $27,000 $31,400 $37,380 $29,990 $30,970 $33,730 $34,650 $36,100 $38,880 $45,030 $42,340 $44,600 $45,220 $58,040 $51,410 $52,260 $57,060 $57,670 $66,250 $34,740 $54,820 $70,840

SOC Code
53-7062 43-9061 43-3021 53-3032 43-4051 43-6014 43-3031 51-9061 47-2061 43-5061 47-2073 49-9052 49-9041 47-2152 49-9051 53-1031 51-1011 49-1011 47-1011 41-4011 51-4121 13-1051 17-2112 Office Clerks General Billing and Posting Clerks

SOC Title
Laborers and Freight Stock and Material Movers Hand

Typical Education Level


Short-Term OJT Short-Term OJT Short-Term OJT Short-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Long-Term OJT Long-Term OJT Long-Term OJT Long-Term OJT Related Work Exp. Related Work Exp. Related Work Exp. Related Work Exp. Related Work Exp. Postsec. Voc. Award Bachelor's Degree Bachelor's Degree
(continued on the next page)

Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Customer Service Representatives Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Except Legal Medical and Executive Bookkeeping, Accounting and Auditing Clerks Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers and Weighers Construction Laborers Production Planning and Expediting Clerks Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers Industrial Machinery Mechanics Plumbers, Pipefitters and Steamfitters Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers and Repairers First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Technical and Scientific Products Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers Cost Estimators Industrial Engineers

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2011.

12

Statewide High-Priority Occupations Related to Shale-Related Industries


(continued from the previous page)

SOC Code
45-4022 47-5071 53-7073 47-5011 47-5012 47-5013 53-7072 53-7071 49-3042 51-4122 17-3025 17-3023 19-4041 17-2151

SOC Title
Logging Equipment Operators Roustabouts Oil and Gas Wellhead Pumpers Derrick Operators Oil and Gas Rotary Drill Operators Oil and Gas Service Unit Operators Oil Gas and Mining Pump Operators Except Wellhead Pumpers Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics Except Engines Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators and Tenders Environmental Engineering Technicians Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians Geological and Petroleum Technicians Mining and Geological Engineers Including Mining Safety Engineers

Average Median Wage


$27,810 $30,980 $31,140 $31,700 $32,750 $34,610 $46,030 $57,440 $43,420 $31,830 $38,730 $53,780 $54,410 $56,660

Typical Education Level


Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Moderate-Term OJT Long-Term OJT Postsec. Voc. Award Associate's Degree Associate's Degree Associate's Degree Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree

19-2042 Geoscientists Except Hydrologists and Geographers $71,020 Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2011.

13

Shale Report Page 14

STATEWIDE SHALE-RELATED EMPLOYMENT DATA

Statewide Shale-Related Employment Data

The Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI) are a set of economic indicators derived from state administrative records and basic demographic information from the Census Bureau. They can be examined based on geography, as well as by industry, gender and age of workers. Data are presented for the most recent data available and because QWI data are not seasonally adjusted, the same quarter must be used to analyze changes over time. This will ensure that seasonal factors are not influencing employment change. Therefore, in the table below and on the following page, fourth quarter data from 2011 is presented with fourth quarter data from 2010. The table below, and on the follow page, show Ohio shale-related employment. Stable Employment, which is abbreviated as Stable Employ., is an estimate of the number of jobs that were present at the beginning and end of a quarter. All hires is the estimated number of workers who started a job during the quarter; it includes new and recalled employees. Separations is the estimated number of workers whose jobs with a given employer ended during a quarter.
2010 Q4 Ohio All industry groups 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction 2131 Support Activities for Mining 2371 Utility System Construction 4862 Pipeline Trans. of Natural Gas Stable Employ. 4,373,655 2,704 2,434 8,846 310 All Hires 824,139 124 479 2,742 37 Separations 814,231 148 586 3,918 6 Stable Employ. 4,352,796 2,812 2,563 9,548 338 2011 Q4 All Hires 862,263 187 720 2,309 14 Separations 853,280 203 894 3,689 3

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Quarterly Workforce Indicators. Quarterly Workforce Indicators are only available at the 4-digit NAICS level. Consequently, although these industry groups contain some employment from non-shale related core industries, they provide an indication of labor activity for these shale-related industries.

Stable jobs, those present at the beginning and end of a quarter, increased in all core shale-related industries from fourth quarter 2010 to fourth quarter 2011. During this time frame, stable employment in oil and gas extraction and support activities for mining increased 4.0 and 5.3 percent, respectively. It is also clear there is significant churn and turnover in the job market, as demonstrated by the levels of hires and separations.

14

Shale Report Page 15


Quarterly Workforce Indicators

JOBSOHIO NETWORK SHALE-RELATED EMPLOYMENT


2010 Q4 2011 Q4 Separations 69,898 17 229 99 0 128,120 13 *** 453 0 156,348 26 121 502 0 73,803 0 *** 165 0 84,395 0 0 979 0 Stable Employ. 268,412 336 1,620 427 25 663,197 *** 21 1,606 *** 859,885 172 182 1,850 21 458,563 *** 0 673 *** 451,683 0 *** 1,187 *** All Hires 47,155 42 467 172 0 124,588 0 22 278 *** 179,064 7 41 295 0 74,973 0 0 157 0 96,913 0 25 332 0 Separations 50,663 38 447 111 0 136,064 0 18 359 0 170,227 11 129 425 0 75,808 0 0 170 0 89,875 0 61 571 0 330,646 86 141 1,587 0 Stable Employ. 266,459 353 1,434 409 29 659,940 56 7 1,425 *** 842,004 311 168 1,664 19 458,891 *** 12 590 0 458,030 0 *** 1,100 *** All Hires 70,514 13 238 65 0 130,930 6 7 264 *** 163,210 24 45 363 0 74,882 0 *** 115 0 81,323 0 0 627 0

Appalachian Business Council All industry groups 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction 2131 Support Activities for Mining 2371 Utility System Construction 4862 Pipeline Trans. of Natural Gas Cincinnati USA Partnership All industry groups 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction 2131 Support Activities for Mining 2371 Utility System Construction 4862 Pipeline Trans. of Natural Gas Columbus 2020! All industry groups 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction 2131 Support Activities for Mining 2371 Utility System Construction 4862 Pipeline Trans. Of Natural Gas Dayton Development Coalition All industry groups 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction 2131 Support Activities for Mining 2371 Utility System Construction 4862 Pipeline Trans. Of Natural Gas Regional Growth Partnership All industry groups 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction 2131 Support Activities for Mining 2371 Utility System Construction 4862 Pipeline Trans. Of Natural Gas Team NEO

All industry groups 1,688,329 303,278 301,670 1,651,057 339,567 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction 408 41 30 612 66 2131 Support Activities for Mining 636 108 161 591 104 2371 Utility System Construction 3,303 880 1,305 3,542 966 4862 Pipeline Trans. of Natural Gas 57 0 0 55 0 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Local Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Workforce Indicators.

***Indicates data cannot be disclosed due to confidentiality restrictions or data quality standards.
Quarterly Workforce Indicators are only available at the 4-digit NAICS level. Consequently, although these industry groups contain some employment from non-shale related core industries, they help provide an indication of labor activity for these shale-related industries.

15

COUNTY UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN DECEMBER 2012


(Not seasonally adjusted)
Lake 6.3 Ottawa 10.9 Sandusky 6.8 Seneca 6.7 Erie 7.0 Huron 10.3 Ashland 7.2 Lorain 7.2 Cuyahoga 6.6 Geauga 5.7 Trumbull 8.0 Portage 6.2 Mahoning 7.3 Columbiana 7.6 Carroll 7.4 Tuscarawas 6.3 Harrison 7.6 Jefferson 10.6 Ashtabula 9.0

Williams 6.8 Defiance 6.6 Paulding 6.2 Van Wert 7.0

Fulton 7.6 Henry 7.4

Lucas 7.6 Wood 6.1

Putnam 5.4 Allen 7.0 Auglaize 4.8 Shelby 5.9

Hancock 5.2

Medina 5.6 Wayne 5.5 Holmes 4.2

Summit 6.2

Mercer 3.9

Hardin 6.3 Logan 6.2 Champaign 6.2 Clark 6.4

Wyandot Crawford Richland 7.8 6.4 7.6 Marion 7.2 Union 5.1

Stark 6.7

Morrow 6.7

Darke 6.0

Delaware 4.3

Knox 6.2

Coshocton 9.0

Miami 6.2

Franklin 5.4 Madison 6.0 Fayette 6.4 Pickaway 6.6

Licking 5.8

Muskingum 9.1 Perry 8.9

Guernsey 8.2 Noble 9.7

Belmont 7.9

Preble Montgomery 7.0 Greene 7.0 6.3 Butler 6.0 Hamilton 6.2 Clermont 6.3 Brown 8.2 Warren 5.6 Clinton 9.7

Fairfield 5.7 Hocking 7.1

Morgan 11.1

Monroe 10.1

Washington 7.1

Ross 7.7 Pike 12.3 Scioto 10.3

Highland 9.1

Vinton 10.1 Jackson 8.3 Gallia 8.6 Lawrence 7.2

Athens 6.6 Meigs 10.9

Adams 11.1

Ohio rate of 6.6% or lower Unemployment Rates Not Seasonally Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted United States 7.6% 7.8% Ohio 6.6% 6.7% Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Office of Workforce Development Bureau of Labor Market Information Above Ohio rate of 6.6%; below US rate of 7.6% Above US rate of 7.6%; below 10.0% 10.0% or above

16

COUNTY UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN DECEMBER 2011


(Not seasonally adjusted)
Lake 6.6 Ottawa 13.3 Sandusky 8.2 Seneca 8.6 Erie 8.2 Huron 10.9 Ashland 8.6 Lorain 7.3 Cuyahoga 7.1 Geauga 5.8 Trumbull 8.6 Portage 7.2 Ashtabula 9.9

Williams 8.8 Defiance 7.8 Paulding 7.4 Van Wert 8.2

Fulton 8.6 Henry 9.1

Lucas 8.4 Wood 7.4

Putnam 7.2 Allen 8.1 Auglaize 6.3 Shelby 7.7

Hancock 7.8

Medina 5.9 Wayne 6.6 Holmes 5.1

Summit 7.3

Mahoning 8.3 Columbiana 8.8

Mercer 4.9

Hardin 8.6 Logan 7.8 Champaign 7.5 Clark 8.0

Wyandot Crawford Richland 9.9 9.4 9.3 Marion 8.4 Union 6.2

Stark 8.1

Morrow 8.3

Carroll 8.3 Tuscarawas 7.5 Harrison 8.3 Jefferson 9.9

Darke 7.7

Delaware 5.3

Knox 7.6

Coshocton 10.0

Miami 7.6

Franklin 6.3 Madison 7.1 Fayette 7.7 Pickaway 8.8

Licking 7.0

Muskingum 10.7 Perry 10.2

Guernsey 9.3 Noble 11.1

Belmont 7.6

Preble Montgomery 8.5 Greene 8.9 7.6 Butler 7.9 Hamilton 7.5 Clermont 7.8 Brown 10.8 Warren 7.0 Clinton 11.1

Fairfield 6.8 Hocking 8.9

Morgan 11.7

Monroe 9.6

Washington 8.1

Ross 8.9 Pike 14.3 Scioto 11.5

Highland 10.8

Vinton 11.1 Jackson 10.1 Gallia 9.2 Lawrence 7.9

Athens 7.0 Meigs 11.8

Adams 12.0

Ohio rate of 7.6% or lower Unemployment Rates Not Seasonally Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted United States 8.3% 8.5% Ohio 7.6% 8.1% Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Office of Workforce Development Bureau of Labor Market Information Above Ohio rate of 7.6%; below US rate of 8.3% Above US rate of 8.3%; below 10.0% 10.0% or above

17

DEFINITIONS
OHIO LABOR FORCE STATISTICS* Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Bureau of Labor Market Information, Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS). The LAUS program measures employment and unemployment on a place-ofresidence basis and produces estimates using equations based on regression techniques. This method uses data from several sources, including the CPS, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program, and state unemployment insurance programs. The LAUS program does not produce estimates for any demographic groups. Employment A count of all persons who, during the week that includes the 12th day of the month, (a) did any work as paid employees, worked in their own businesses or professions or on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in enterprises operated by members of their families, or (b) were not working but who had jobs from which they were temporarily absent. Each employed person is counted only once, even if the person holds more than one job. Included are the selfemployed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers and private household workers, who are excluded by the CES survey. Labor Force The population of people either working or looking for work, or classified as employed or unemployed. Unemployment A count of all persons aged 16 years and older who had no employment during the reference week (the week containing the 12th day of the month), who were available for work (except for temporary illness), and who had made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the four-week 18 period ending with the reference week. This includes those waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they had been laid off. Unemployment Rate The number of unemployed workers as a percent of the labor force. JOBS* Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Bureau of Labor Market Information, Current Employment Statistics Each month the CES program surveys about 140,000 national businesses and government agencies to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours and earnings of workers on non-farm payrolls. This is a collaborative effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and the states. CES produces a count of jobs, not of people. Nonfarm Jobs The total number of persons on established payrolls employed full- or parttime who received pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th day of the month. Temporary and intermittent employees are included, as are any employees who are on paid sick leave, on paid holiday, or who worked during only part of the specified pay period. A striking employee who works only a small portion of the survey period, and is paid, is included as employed. Those on payrolls of more than one establishment are counted in each establishment. Data exclude proprietors, self-employed workers, unpaid family or volunteer workers, farm workers, and domestic workers. Those on layoff, strike or leave without pay for the entire pay period, or who have not yet reported for work are not counted as employed. Government employment covers only civilian employees.
*THESE DATA ARE SEASONALLY ADJUSTED. Seasonal adjustment removes changes in employment due to normal seasonal hiring or layoffs (such as holidays, weather, etc.).

DEFINITIONS
QUARTERLY WORKFORCE INDICATORS Source: U.S. Census Bureau The Quarterly Workforce Indicators are data that can be examined by region, industry, gender and age of workers. These indicators are built upon wage records in the unemployment insurance system and information from state Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) data. QUARTERLY CENSUS OF EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Bureau of Labor Market Information, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages Business Establishment An establishment is the location of a certain economic activity, such as a factory, store, office or mine, which produces goods or services. It is typically at a single physical location and engaged in one, or predominantly one, type of economic activity. An employer may have one or more establishments. Employment Employment data include all employment covered under federal and Ohio unemployment insurance laws for each of the three months in a quarter. The employment count represents the number of full- and parttime employees who worked during or received pay for the payroll period including the 12th day of the month. The employment totals for each month are averaged for the quarter employment count. Those on paid vacations or paid sick leave are included. Workers temporarily earning no wages due to labormanagement disputes, layoffs or other reasons are not reported as employed. Those on the payroll of more than one employer during the same reference week are reported more than once. Wages Wages include total compensation paid during a calendar quarter, including 19 bonuses. Average wages are calculated by dividing total wages for a quarter by average employment in that quarter. STAFFING PATTERNS (High-Priority Occupations Section) Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Bureau of Labor Market Information A staffing pattern is a list of the occupations most commonly found within a particular industry. This information comes from the biennial Long-Term Occupational Employment Projections data. Annual Median Wage The annual median wage earned by workers in an occupation, assuming 40 hours of work per week, 52 weeks a year. Wage data is derived from the annual Occupational Employment Statistics survey. Educational Attainment BLS identifies 11 categories of educational attainment, for use in career planning. These categories describe the most significant postsecondary education or training pathways to employment for workers in a given occupation. Educational Attainment Levels Associates degree Degree completed after two years of full-time schooling beyond high school Bachelors degree Degree completed after four years of full-time schooling beyond high school Degree plus experience A four-year bachelors degree plus work experience Long-term training Knowledge and skills developed through years of On-theJob-Training (OJT) or formal classroom instruction Masters, doctoral or professional degree Degree earned at the college or university level beyond a four-year bachelors degree.

DEFINITIONS
Postsecondary award Certificate earned after training through a vocational training program Related work experience Training gained through hands-on work in a similar occupation Short-term or moderate-term OJT Basic tasks and skills learned through a period of OJT lasting up to one year (237120); and Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas (486210). Ancillary Shale-Related Industries (NAICS): Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation (221112); Natural Gas Distribution (221210); Water Supply & Irrigation Systems (221310); Sewage Treatment Facilities (221320); Water & Sewer Line & Related Structures Construction (237110); Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction (237310); Nonresidential Site Preparation Contractors (238912); Petrochemical Manufacturing (325110); Industrial Gas Manufacturing (325120); Iron & Steel Mills & Ferroalloy Manufacturing (3311101); Iron & Steel Pipe & Tube Manufacturing from Purchased Steel (331210); Mining Machinery & Equipment Manufacturing (333131); Oil & Gas Field Machinery & Equipment Manufacturing (333132); Construction and Mining (except Oil Well) Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers (423810); Industrial Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers (423830); Industrial Supplies Merchant Wholesalers (423 840); General Freight Trucking, Local (4841 10); Specialized Freight Trucking, Local (484220); Specialized Freight Trucking, LongDistance (484230); Lessors of Other Real Property (531190); Construction, Mining & Forestry Machinery & Equipment Rental & Leasing (532412); Engineering Services (541330); Geophysical Surveying & Mapping Services (541360); Testing Laboratories (541380); Environmental Consulting Services (541620); Remediation Services (562910); Commercial & Industrial Machinery & Equipment Repair & Maintenance (811310); Administration of Air and Water Resource and Solid Waste Management Programs (924110); Administration of Conservation Programs (924120); and Regulation and Administration of Communications, Electric, Gas, and Other Utilities (926130).

HELP WANTED ONLINE ADS Source: The Conference Board Help Wanted OnLine Data Set The Conference Board HWOL data set provides real-time insight into the employment marketplace through the worlds largest database of online job ads. Jobs ads can be classified by industry, occupation, employer and geographic area. Data are analyzed for employment trends and to forecast economic conditions.The underlying data forThe Conference Board HWOL are provided by Wanted Technologies Corporation. NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (NAICS) CHANGES NAICS, established in 1997, is reviewed for potential revisions every five years. The latest revision, in 2012, was implemented by BLS in the QCEW program with the release of first quarter 2011 data. As part of this revision, the NAICS code of only one shale-related industry was impacted: NAICS 331111 (Iron & Steel Mills). The NAICS 2012 structure eliminated NAICS 331111, combining it with NAICS 331112 (Electrometallurgical ferroalloy product manufacturing) to form NAICS 331110 (Iron & Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing). Core Shale-Related Industries (NAICS): Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Extraction (211111); Natural Gas Liquid Extraction (211112); Drilling Oil & Gas Wells (213111); Support Activities for Oil & Gas Operations (213112); Oil & Gas Pipeline & Related Structures Construction 20

John R. Kasich, Governor, State of Ohio Michael B. Colbert, Director, Ohio Department of Job and Family Services February 2013 An Equal Opportunity Employer and Service Provider