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The maximum sustainable crosswind is a function of the reported braking action

A330 INSTRUCTOR SUPPORT


NORMAL OPERATION
DATE: DEC 2000 Page 132 F7Q0102
The high AOA protection is an AERODYNAMIC protection :
if the pilot exceeds the normal flight envelope for any reason, the pilot will be aware of that fact because
the auto pitch trim stops; the A/C will sink down to maintain its current angle of attack ( ! PROT, strong static
stability), which is a significant change in the A/C behaviour.
If he then pulls full aft stick, he commands MAX AOA which nearly corresponds to CL Max; furthermore if the
speed brakes were extended, they automatically retract.
Additionally to this aerodynamic protection,
3 ENERGY FEATURES ENHANCE IT :
- if ATHR is in SPEED mode, it will not allow the
speed to drop below VLS even if the target
speed is below VLS
- a LOW ENERGY aural warning is triggered
when the A/C energy level drops below a given
threshold function of IAS, ACCEL/DECEL,
FPA
e.g. if the A/C decelerates at 1kt/Sec,and
the FPA = - 3, the warning will come up at
approx VLS 8,
the FPA = - 4, the warning will come up at
approx VLS 2.
This warning SPEED, SPEED, SPEED drives
the pilot eyes towards the SPEED scale so as to readjust the thrust.
It comes just BEFORE Alpha Floor. It is available below 2000 ft RA and in CONF " 2.
- If the AOA still increases or the speed still drops, the angle of attack reaches ALPHA FLOOR threshold, where
the ATHR sends TOGA thrust and engages except if one Engine Out.
In case of an emergency situation such as Windshear or CFIT, where the pilot wishes to get the BEST
PERFORMANCE of the A/C, he is fully assisted to achieve this goal by :
- the ATHR which adds thrust to maintain the Speed above VLS
- the Low Energy Speed Speed warning which enhances pilot awareness
- the ALPHA FLOOR which provides TOGA thrust
- the HIGH AOA protection which provides maximum aerodynamic lift
- the automatic Speed Brake retraction which minimizes the drag.
Procedures in case of GPWS / SHEAR
Thrust Levers TOGA
Pull Full Aft stick *
Maintain wings level initially
(*) for shear fly SRS, till full aft stick.
This gives you MAX LIFT / MAX THRUST / MINI DRAG, immediately.
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NOTE:
The concept of Equivalent runway condition is to be used only to determine the maximum crosswind, but not
for the computation of take off and landing performances since it does not account for the effects of the
displacement and impingement drag.
Stick into wind shall be avoided since it increases directional control problems.
Taxi back to the gate with SLATS/FLAPS extended. Dont retract them in order to avoid any
potential damage, caused by crushing the ice present in slats slot during retraction.
Be smooth on the tiller.
Once engines are stopped, a visual inspection shall be achieved to determine whether the flaps / slats
system is free of contamination. Then only, these may be retracted using the ELEC HYD PUMPS (G + Y).
Be aware that the deceleration is much less than normal (DECEL light might not illuminate on Auto Brake
panel) and that directional problems increase at low speed.
NOTE:
- With dry snow the reverser might reduce the visibility, more specifically at low speeds. Set Idle Rev or
stow it in case of reduced visibility.
- The maximum XWIND component recommended in approach is the same as for T/O.
- Landing distances with A/BRAKE are provided in QRH; it gives a good assessment of the runway
distance required at various levels of contamination.
A330 INSTRUCTOR SUPPORT
NORMAL OPERATION
DATE: DEC 2000 Page 132 F7Q0102
The high AOA protection is an AERODYNAMIC protection :
if the pilot exceeds the normal flight envelope for any reason, the pilot will be aware of that fact because
the auto pitch trim stops; the A/C will sink down to maintain its current angle of attack ( ! PROT, strong static
stability), which is a significant change in the A/C behaviour.
If he then pulls full aft stick, he commands MAX AOA which nearly corresponds to CL Max; furthermore if the
speed brakes were extended, they automatically retract.
Additionally to this aerodynamic protection,
3 ENERGY FEATURES ENHANCE IT :
- if ATHR is in SPEED mode, it will not allow the
speed to drop below VLS even if the target
speed is below VLS
- a LOW ENERGY aural warning is triggered
when the A/C energy level drops below a given
threshold function of IAS, ACCEL/DECEL,
FPA
e.g. if the A/C decelerates at 1kt/Sec,and
the FPA = - 3, the warning will come up at
approx VLS 8,
the FPA = - 4, the warning will come up at
approx VLS 2.
This warning SPEED, SPEED, SPEED drives
the pilot eyes towards the SPEED scale so as to readjust the thrust.
It comes just BEFORE Alpha Floor. It is available below 2000 ft RA and in CONF " 2.
- If the AOA still increases or the speed still drops, the angle of attack reaches ALPHA FLOOR threshold, where
the ATHR sends TOGA thrust and engages except if one Engine Out.
In case of an emergency situation such as Windshear or CFIT, where the pilot wishes to get the BEST
PERFORMANCE of the A/C, he is fully assisted to achieve this goal by :
- the ATHR which adds thrust to maintain the Speed above VLS
- the Low Energy Speed Speed warning which enhances pilot awareness
- the ALPHA FLOOR which provides TOGA thrust
- the HIGH AOA protection which provides maximum aerodynamic lift
- the automatic Speed Brake retraction which minimizes the drag.
Procedures in case of GPWS / SHEAR
Thrust Levers TOGA
Pull Full Aft stick *
Maintain wings level initially
(*) for shear fly SRS, till full aft stick.
This gives you MAX LIFT / MAX THRUST / MINI DRAG, immediately.
!""#$!"%#
!"#$%&'()*+'&),#-#-$'.,-/,"
01*),&#0-,"'1%#"0201%3
!"#$%&'(0-&)0"2
!"#$%&&'(%&)'$*#""+ ,-.'/'$-$00(01
*2+3 4$*$5 /6$7,8$00
9:;<$%,%$=>?@AB@:?C$:D$EC$EA>?FGCEH:B$=>?@AB@:?CI
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