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ENGLISH VERBAL TENSES

PRESENT TENSES PRESENT SIMPLE Form: 3rd person singular -s + I write Translation: + He - I do not write - . ? Do I write? ? . PAST SIMPLE Form: V. reg= -ed // V. irreg= 2nd c. PAST TENSES PRESENT CONTINUOUS Form: to be (present s.) + V-ing + I am writing Translation: + He - I am not writing - . ? Am I writing? ? . PAST CONTINUOUS Form: to be (past s.) + V-ing

AND

PERFECT TENSES

+ I wrote + I was writing Translation: Translation: + He + He - I did not write - I was not writing - . - . ? Did I write? ? Was I writing? ? . ? . PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Form: to have (present s.) + past participle Form: to have (present s.) + been + V-ing + I have written Translation: + He - I have not written - . ? Have I written? ? . PRESENT SIMPLE Form: 3rd person singular -s + I write Translation: + He - I do not write - . ? Do I write? ? . FUTURE SIMPLE: WILL Form: will + V. infinitive without "to" + I will write Translation: + He - I will not write - . ? Will I write? ? . + I have been writing Translation: + He - I have not been writing - . ? Have I been writing? ? . PRESENT CONTINUOUS Form: to be (present s.) + V-ing + I am writing Translation: + He - I am not writing - . ? Am I writing? ? . TO BE GOING TO Form: to be(present s.)+going to+V.inf + I am going to write Translation: + He - I am not going to write - . ? Am I going to write? ? .

PAST PERFECT Form: to have (past s.) + past participle + I had written Translation: + He - I had not written - . ? Had I written? ? .

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Form: to have (past s.) + been + V-ing + I had been writing Translation: + He - I had not been writing - . ? Had I been writing? ? .

In these 4 perfect tenses "to have" = AUXILIARY

FUTURE TENSES

FUTURE CONTINUOUS Form: will + be + V-ing + I will be writing Translation: + He - I will not be writing - . ? Will I be writing? ? .

FUTURE PERFECT Form: will + have + past participle + I will have written Translation: + He - I will not have written - . ? Will I have written? ? .

CONDITIONAL TENSES

CONDITIONAL SIMPLE Form: would + V. infinitive without "to" + I would write Translation: + He - I would not write - . ? Would I write? ? . SIMPLE INFINITIVE Form: to + verb to write Translation: escribir GERUND Form: V. infinitive without "to" + -ing Writing Translation: escribiendo PRESENT PARTICIPLE Form: V. infinitive without "to" + -ing Writing Translation: example: el escribir es IMPERATIVE

CONDITIONAL PERFECT Form: would + have + past participle + I would have written Translation: + He - I would not have written - . ? Would I have written? ? . PERFECT INFINITIVE Form: to have + past participle to have written Translation: haber escrito CONTINUOUS INFINITIVE Form: to be + -ing to be writing Translation: estar escribiendo

INFINITIVE

GERUND

PARTICIPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE Form: V. reg= -ed // V. irreg= 3rd c. Written Translation: escrito

PERFECT PARTICIPLE Form: having + past participle having written Translation: habiendo escrito

IMPERATIVE

2nd person sg and pl: YOU Form: (NO subject) V. infinitive without "to" + Write! Translation: escribe (t) escriba (usted) escribid (vosotros) escriban (ustedes) - Dont write! Translation: no escribas (t) no escriba (usted) no escribis (vosotros) no escriban (ustedes)

1st and 3rd persons Form: Let + pronoun/noun + Infinitive without "to" Examples: + Let me write it! Dont let me write it! Let him write it! Let Peter write it! Let her write it! Let them write it! Dont let Mary write it! Dont let us write it!