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# Power Diode ( Dioda Daya) 1.

General Purpose Diode - High reverse recovery time, typically 25 us, - Use for low speed application - Low frequency up to 1 KHz - Rating current from less than 1 A - Voltage rating from 5 V to 50 KV 2. Fast Recovery Diode - Low recovery time less then 5 us - Use for chopper and inverter - Rating current from less than 1 A - Voltage rating from 5 V to 3 KV 3. Schottky Diode - Low forward voltage drop - Use for high current low voltage rectifier - Rating current from 1 A 300 A - Voltage rating to 100V When the cathode potential is positive with respect to the anode, the diode said to be reverse (RB) biased. Under this condition appears a small reverse current ( leakage current) in the range uA mA. The current in F B junction diode is due to the net effect of majority and minority carriers. The minority carrier a certain time to recombine with opposite charges and to be neutralized. This time is called the reverse recovery time of diode. The two time recovery i.e soft recovery and abrupt recovery. However the soft recovery type is more common. . trr = reverse recovery time . trr consist of two component tb and ta, ta due to the charge storage in the depletion region, ta is due to the charge storage in the bulk semiconductor material. The ratio tb/ta is known as the softness factor (SF). trr = ta + tb . IRR = maximum reverse current can be expressed in reverse di/dt as . IRR = ta di/dt The storage charge which is area enclosed by the path of recovery current : QRR = IRR.ta + IRR.ib = IRR.trr IRR = 2 QRR/trr . trr. ta = 2QRR/(di/dt) , trr ta . trr = 2QRR/(di/dt)) IRR =2QRR(di/dt))

Example : The reverse recovery time of a diode is trr = 3 s and the rate of fall of the diode current is di/dt = 30 A/s. Determine the : a. Storage charge, Qrr, b. Peak; reverse current, IRR Solution: a. From equation trr = 2QRR/(di/dt)) QRR = (di/dt) trr2 = 0.5 x 30 x 32 x 10-6 = 135 uC b. IRR =2QRR(di/dt)) = 2.135 (30)) = 90 A

Parameter unjuk kerja ( Performace Parameter ) Junction temperature Storage temperature Juntion to case thermal resistance Case to sink thermal resistance, Rth Cs. Thermal resistance of sink to ambient, Rth SA Maximum average forward current, IF (AV) Maximum rms forward current, IF (RMS) Maximum peak repetitive forward current., IFRM Maximum peak one-cycle nonrepetitive forward current, IFSM Maximum repetitive peak reverse voltage, VRRM Maximum peak non repetitive reverse voltage, VRSM Forward voltage drop, VF Maximum peak forward voltage, VFM Threshold voltage, V(TO) Forward slope resistance, RF Maximum peak reverse(or leakage) current,IRRM Reverse recovery time, trr Reverse recovery charge, QRR. I2 t for fusing.

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Sebutkan macam-macam dioda daya. Gambar dan jelaskan symbol, material dan karakteristik dioda? Apa yang dimaksud dengan arus bocor (leakage current) pada dioda? Apa yang dimaksud dengan reverse recovery time (waktu pemulihan balik) dari dioda? Apa yang dimaksud dengan reverse recovery current (Arus pemulihan balik) dari dioda? Apa yang dimaksud dengan faktor kelunakan (softness factor) Sebutkan jenis-jenis pemulihan dioda (recovery types) Apa yang menyebabkan "reverse recovery time" pada dioda?... What is necessary to use fast recovery diodes for high speed switching What is forward recovery time? What are the main difference between pn-junction diode and schottky diode? What are the limitation of schottky diode? What is the typical reverse recovery time of general purpose diode? What is the typical reverse recovery time of fast recovery diode diode? What is the typical maximum junction temperature of diodes? What is the purpose of the a current of limiting inductor What are the problems of series-connected diodes and what are the possible solutions? What are the problems of parallel -connected diodes and what are the possible solutions? If two diodes are connected in series with equal-voltage sharing, why do the diode leakage current?

Problems. 1. The reverse recovery time of a diode is trr = 5 s and the rate of fall of the diode current is di/dt = 80 A/s. If the softness factor (SF) = 0,5 Determine the :Storage charge, Qrr, Peak; reverse current, IRR. 2. The peak input voltage of a single phase half diode rectifier is Vm=169 Volt at f =60Hz,and load resistor RL=1.2 Ohm. If trr = 4 s, SF= 0 , Determine the :Storage charge, Qrr, Peak; reverse current, IRR 3. Four IR 300 A, 800 v, DIODEs of type R23AF are used for the single-phase bridge rectifier as shown in the figure. The rms value of the input voltage is Vs=220 V at 1.5 kHz and the load resistance is R = 0,47 Ohm.The junction temperature and ambient temperature are Tj = 15o C and TA= 25o C respectively. Determine: Average power loss,PD;Instantaneous forward voltage drop,VF;Recovery charge, QRR;Reverse recovery time,trr; Case temperature, TC;Thermal resistance of heat sink, Rth SA, Assume double-sided cooling and the case to sink thermal resistance of Rth CS. 4-13 (10 soal 4. Abdurrahman

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## Solution Vs= 220

Vm=(2 ).220 = 311 Volt Frekuensi f = 1500 Hz, R =0.47 Tj = 125 o C, Ta = 25o C R th CS = 0.03o/Watt The solution requires interpolation from the characteristic curves of the device and the results are therefore approximate. a. From equation : Average output voltage Vdc = 0.64 x 311 = 199 Volt The average load current = 199/0.47 = 423 Ampere, and the average diode forward current 423/2 = 211.5 A, For 180o conduction gives the average power loss of PD = b.
= 2Vm/ = 0,6366 Vm