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NAME : MATRIC NO. : CHAPTER 1-3 Answer all questions 1. Cytology is the study of A. heredity of genes B.

the function of organisms C. the structure and general form of plants D. the structure and function of cells 2. Animals that possess homologous structures probably A. are headed for extinction B. evolved from the same ancestor C. have increased genetic diversity D are not related 3. In a population of bears, which would be considered the fittest? A. The bear that lives the longest B. The bear that has the largest number of mutations C. The bear that blends in with its environment the best D. The bear that is the strongest and fiercest 4. A localized group of organisms that belongs to the same species refers to A. species B. population C. community D. ecosystem 5. If the organisms are in the same order, that means they belong to A. different genera but same species B. same phylum but different classes C. same family but different phyla D. different families but same class 6. Which is being tested in the process of science?

A. A result B. A question C. A prediction D. A hypothesis 7. Which of the following cannot be tested by using scientific method? A. An angel is white in colour B. Crocodile sleeps after a heavy meal C. Organic fertilizer is better than chemical fertilizer for vegetable growth D. Diabetes is genetically inherited 8. Which of the following is not true regarding controlled experiments? A. Controlled experiments help distinguish cause-and-effect relationships B. Controlled experiments help reduce the influence of human bias C. Controlled experiments help determine the effect of multiple experiment variables D. Controlled experiments allow the investigator to determine the effect of one factor at a time 9. Which branch of biology is concerned with the study of heredity? A. Cytology B. Taxonomy C. Genetics D. Physiology 10. Several closely related genus might be assigned to the next higher taxonomic level called A. species B. phylum C. class D. family 11. The botanist who devised a taxonomic system that used morphological features as the primary criteria for classifying organisms was A. Charles Darwin B. Carolus Linnaeus C. John Armstrong D. Louis Pasteur

12. A structure made up of a group of cells of similar shape and function is called a/an A. tissue B. organ C. organ system D. organelle 13. All scientific process which involve the use of scientific method almost always begin with a/an A. hypothesis B. observation C. data collection D. conclusion 14. A scientist will always use inductive reasoning in order to come up with a A. classification B. theory C. hypothesis D. conclusion 15. Why is it important that every experiment must include a control group? A. The control group provides a reserve of experimental subjects B. The control group is required for the development of an Ifthen statement C. The control group is the group that the researcher is in control of; it is the group in which the researcher predetermines the nature of the results D. Without a control group, there is no basis for knowing if a particular result is due to the variable being tested or to some other factor 16. Botany includes the study of A. the effects of human activities on plants B. the relationship between animal structure and function C. the uses of yeast in food industry D. the life cycles of Euglena sp. 17. The level of classification of life that is more inclusive than kingdom is A. family B. order C. domain

D. phylum 18. What are the two main processes that ecosystems depend upon? A. Sunlight and photosynthesis B. Speciation and evolution C. Nutrient cycling and energy flow D. Decomposition and nutrient cycling 19. Humans are A. cells B. decomposers C. consumers D. producers 20. All of the organisms and nonliving components of a particular environment are referred to as a(an) A. population B. ecosystem C. biome D. community