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Target Setting Methodology for Power sector in Perform, Achieve & Trade (PAT) Mechanism

A.K.ASTHANA
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) PAT Capacity Building 2, Aug 11, Mumbai
German Technical Co-operation (GTZ)

Sr.Technical Expert

NATIONAL MISSION ON ENHANCED ENERGY EFFICIENCY (NMEEE)

The National Action Plan on Climate Change was released by Honorable Prime Minister of India in June 2008 The Action Plan Outlines 8 Missions including National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)

NMEEE. 4 new initiatives

The market based mechanism to enhance cost effectiveness of improvements in EE in energy intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded. (Perform, Achieve & Trade) Accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the product more affordable Creation of a mechanism that would help finance DSM programs in all sectors by capturing future energy saving Developing fiscal instruments to promote energy efficiency

Large Energy Usage Bandwidth

The energy usage pattern varies widely in industries of a particular sector due to various diversities like
Scale of Production (Installed Capacities)

- Use of Raw Material


- Process Technology - Vintage of Technology - O & M Practices - Type of Product Output etc. Factors of Diversity Raw Material Input Quality of Raw Material / Fuel Process & Technology Final Product output Vintage Capacity Utililization Most Affected Sectors Pulp & Paper, Fertilizer, Power Plant, Textile All sectors Aluminium, Iron & steel, Chlor-Alkali, Paper Textile, Iron & Steel, Aluminium All Sectors All sectors

a) a) a) a) a) a)

Thermal Power Plants in PAT - I

Total No of DCs = 142 Threshold limit to be DC = 30,000 tons of oil equivalent (TOE) per annum

Total Target Set = 3.1 MTOE

Coal/Lignite Fired
Distribution of No. of DCs

Gas Fired
Distribution Of No. of DCs

36, 37%

State

61, 63%

Central / Private

19, 21, 48% 52%

State Central / Private

Capacity(MW)
State

Capacity(MW)

33416 , 43%

45026 , 57%

Central / Private

4873, 7507, 39% 61%

State Central / Private

Targets in PAT - I
Variation in Net Station Heat Rate from Design Net Heat Rate % Reduction Target for Deviation in Net Station Heat Rate (%) No. Of DCs Fuel Target Reduction Range (Kcal/KWh) Target Savings (TOE)

Coal/Lignite Up to 5 % 10 % Gas Coal/Lignite More than 5% and Up to 10 % 17 % Gas Coal/lignite More than 10% and Up to 20% 21 % Gas Coal/Lignite More Than 20 % Sub Total 24 % Gas

21 20 20 12 30 4 26 4

0 12.8 0 9.64 21.2 48.2 17.9 48.1 53 130 50 - 81 128 - 528 86 - 220

140874 24297 354383 51049 1036138 33550 1388111 62141

137

3090543

*Additionally there are 5 diesel plants where the target has been calculated on the basis of KWh/ Litre.
Total

142

3094670

(3.1MTOE)

Power Plants have Focused in

Reduction in APC

Improvement in HR

Example of Heat Rate Deviation in Power Station


Sl. No Coal Based Power Station Design Heat Rate Average of Actual for 3 Years 2350 2358 2399 2368 Variation from Design Value % 5.19 5.84 3.78 6.06 Variation from Design Value % Average Auxiliary Power Consumption % 6.79 5.69 7.1 6.26 Average Auxiliary Power Consumption % 7.37 Average PLF %

1. 2. 3. 4. Sl. No

4 x 500 MW 2 x 500 MW 5 x 200 + 2 x 500 MW 3 x 200 + 3 x 500 + 1 x 500 MW Coal Based Power Station

2234 2228 2312 2250

90 90 88 88 Average PLF %

Design Heat Rate

Average of Actual for 3 Years 2409

1.

4 x 210 MW

2274

5.95

95

2.
3. 4. 5. 6.

4 x 210 MW
2 x 210 + 2 x 210 + 1 x 210 5 x 250 MW 2 x 250 MW 6 x 210 MW

2301
2295 2234 2227 2301

2432
2412 2498 2285 2390

5.7
5.08 6.67 2.58 3.87

8.79
8.2 NA NA NA

90
90 NA NA NA

Target Setting of Power Plants for PAT Mechanism would mainly depend upon Net Heat Rate (NHR) to include both i.e. GHR & APC

Net Heat Rate = Gross Heat Rate / (1- APC%)


Parameter Plant-1 Plant-2

Gross HR(GHR)

2500 Kcal/Kwh

2500 Kcal/Kwh

APC

8%

10%

Net HR (NHR)

2717(= 2500/0.92) Kcal/Kwh

2777(=2500/0.90) KCal/Kwh

Parameter to be Considered for Target Setting


Annual Generation (MUs) & PLF(%) Design Gross Station Heat Rate (Kcal/Kwh) Annual Operating Gross Station Heat Rate (Kcal/Kwh) Annual Operating Auxiliary Power Consumption (%) Quality of Coal i.e.
Average GCV (Kcal/Kg) & Ash Content(%)

Or

Average GCV of Gas used

Annual Quantity of Coal Consumed in Tonnes (M of Gas in case

of Gas Plants) Annual Quantity of Secondary Oil Consumed in Tonnes

Example - 1

Installed Capacity = 420MW Station Design Heat Rate = 2450 Kcal/Kwh Annual PLF = 55.72 % Annual Average Operating Station Heat Rate = 2650 Kcal/Kwh Average APC = 9.7 % Annual Production in MUs = 2050.28 Net Operative Heat Rate = 2936.29 Net Design Heat Rate = 2714.68 Deviation from Design NHR = 221.61 % Deviation = 8.16
Target % Reduction = 17% of Deviation = 17 % of 221.61= 37.67

Target NHR Reduction : 37.67 Kcal/KWh


Reduction Target in TOE = 6970.95

Higher Target Potential DCs


State Owned TPP
S.No. State Total No. of DCs No Of DCs ( Having Higher Target) Capacity (MW) Net Generation (MU) in Baseline Year Target (Savings) in TOE

1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Gujarat
Haryana Karnataka M.P Maharastra Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu U.P West Bengal Sub Total

12
2 2 3 9 3 4 9 5 7 56

1
1 2 3 5 1 1 1 1 1 17

1470
1367 1970 2932.5 5770 1260 1080 600 1382 1260 19092

10844
8954 12375 15363 33537 9008 3612 3632 4466 6632 108423

67230
150244 107590 268371 441889 82839 59354 117839 57902 93328 1446585

Central Owned TPP


S.No. 1 Region Tamil Nadu 2 No. of Plants 1 Capacity (MW) 1470 Net Generation (MU) 9627 Target (Savings) in TOE 69440

Total

58

18

20562 (22 % OF Total Capacity)

118050 (21 % of Total Gen.)

1516025 (49 % of Total TOE)

Higher Target Potential DCs Capacity(MW), Net Generation(MU) & Target(TOE)


40000 441889 35000 475000

33537

425000

30000

375000

325000 25000 268371 20000 275000

15363
15000

225000

Capacity (MW)

12375
10000

10844 150244 8954


107590

Net Generation (MU) 175000 Target ( Savings) in TOE

9008 5770
82839

9627
117839

6632 3612 1260


59354

125000 69440

5000

67230

1470
0

1367

1970

2932

3632 600

4466
57902

93328

75000

1080

1382

1260

1470
25000