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TN_BT004_E1_1 GPRS principle overview in PS domain V1026 ZTE University CN Team
TN_BT004_E1_1
GPRS principle overview in PS domain
V1026
ZTE University
CN Team

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Course Objectives Evolution of WCDMA CN PS System Structure Interface and Protocols Overview
Course Objectives
Evolution of WCDMA CN
PS System Structure
Interface and Protocols Overview
Evolution of WCDMA CN Evolution of WCDMA CN 2G 2.5G 2.75G 3G Organization 3GPP GSM CS
Evolution of WCDMA CN
Evolution of WCDMA CN
2G
2.5G
2.75G
3G
Organization
3GPP
GSM
CS
GPRS
Edge
PS
3GPP2
CDMA
CDMA2000
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Evolution of WCDMA CN Standardization of WCDMA--3GPP 3GPP Release 5 (ALL IP) ETSI TC SMG 3GPP
Evolution of WCDMA CN
Standardization of WCDMA--3GPP
3GPP Release 5
(ALL IP)
ETSI TC SMG
3GPP Release 4
T1
ARIB
3GPP Release 3
(Release 1999)
business
2001 & 2002
TTC
TTA
CWTS
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
1998
1999
2000
2001

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Evolution of WCDMA CN The Evolution of CN R4 R5 R99 MMSC MMSC OMC OMC MMSC
Evolution of WCDMA CN
The Evolution of CN
R4
R5
R99
MMSC
MMSC
OMC
OMC
MMSC
OMC
Billing
Billing
Billing
SCP
Server
SCP
Server
SCP
Server
GMLC
HLR
GMLC
HSS
GMLC
HLR
MSC
GMSC
MSC
server
GMSC
server
server
CSCF
MGCF
server
IMS
GMSC
MSC
SGSN
GGSN
CS
PS
MGW
MGW
SGSN
GGSN
MGW
MGW
SGSN
GGSN
CS
PS
CS
PS
RNS
RNS
BSS
BSS
RNS
BSS
CN based on GSM
and GPRS MMS
Control and bearer are
separated in CS
WCDMA migrates towards ALL IP
IP are introduced
to CS and RNS

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Evolution of WCDMA CN WCDMA R99 System Structure PSTN 3G CN CS PS GMSC GGSN MSC
Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA R99 System Structure
PSTN
3G CN
CS
PS
GMSC
GGSN
MSC
H
HLR
MSC
SGSN
Gb
Iu-CS
Iu-PS
A
WCDMAU
GSM
TRAN
Access

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Evolution of WCDMA CN WCDMA R4 System Structure PSTN/IS 2G NET R-SGW DN T-SGW UMTS CS
Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA R4 System Structure
PSTN/IS
2G NET
R-SGW
DN
T-SGW
UMTS
CS
PS
GMSC
CN
GGSN
Server
GMGW
H
HLR
MSC
Server
SGSN
MGW
A
Iu-CS
Iu-PS
Gb
WCDMA
GSM
UTRAN
Access
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Evolution of WCDMA CN WCDMA R5 System Structure IMS CSCF No.7 SGW IMS- MGW PSTN MGCF
Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA R5 System Structure
IMS
CSCF
No.7
SGW
IMS-
MGW
PSTN
MGCF
CS
PS
GMSC
Server
GGSN
GMGW
HSS
MSC
Server
SGSN
MGW
WCDMA
UTRAN

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Course Objectives Evolution of WCDMA CN PS System Structure Interface and Protocols Overview
Course Objectives
Evolution of WCDMA CN
PS System Structure
Interface and Protocols Overview
PS System Structure What is GPRS n GPRS is the abbreviation of General Packet Radio Service
PS System Structure
What is GPRS
n
GPRS is the abbreviation of General Packet Radio
Service
n
GPRS provides end to end packet switch service for user
based on GSM
n
GPRS make the best use of existing GSM network
n
GPRS provides highly efficient use of radio resources
n
GPRS provides as high as 171.2Kbps access rate
n
GPRS based on standard open interface

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PS System Structure What is PS n PS is the packet switch network in WCDMA core
PS System Structure
What is PS
n
PS is the packet switch network in WCDMA core network
n
PS provides end-to-end packet switch service for users
n
PS has almost the same elements and network structure
with GPRS
n
PS can provides access for GPRS radio access
equipment and 2/3G hybrid network
n
WCDMA technology introduced to improve radio
resources utilization ratio
n
WCDMA-PS provides as high as 2Mbps access rate
n
WCDMA-PS system based on standard interface

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PS System Structure PS Network Node B MSC GMSC TDM/A RNC PSTN TM HLR 4 Iu-PS
PS System Structure
PS Network
Node B
MSC
GMSC
TDM/A
RNC
PSTN
TM
HLR
4
Iu-PS
Gateway GPRS
Support Node
BTS
BSC
SGSN
GGSN
Gb
IP
Internet
Gn
Gn
Gi
Gp
Ga
4
Serving GPRS Support
Node
Inter-PLMN
CG
4
Charging Gateway
Billing Center

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PS System Structure SGSN Function RR 4 GPRS Paging, Combined Gs Paging 4 RNC Radio Resource
PS System Structure
SGSN Function
RR
4
GPRS Paging, Combined Gs Paging
4
RNC Radio Resource Management
Manage
Route
4 PDP PDU Transfer
Manage
Data
4
Save, Modify, Delete Subscriber Data
4
Insert Subscriber Data/Cancel Location
Manage
4
Attach Detach, Location Management
MM
4
Service Request
4 CDR Collect
CDR
4
Saving, Format, Relay

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PS System Structure GGSN Function n Routing Select, PDP PDU Transfer, Address Mapping n Tunnel Capsulate
PS System Structure
GGSN Function
n
Routing Select, PDP PDU Transfer, Address Mapping
n
Tunnel Capsulate and Transfer
n
Subscriber Data Management
n
Session Management
n
IP Address Management
n
Charging Information Select

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PS System Structure DNS Function GGSN(A) SGSN IIIISSSSPPPP AAAA GPRS Core Network GPRS Core Network GPRS
PS System Structure
DNS Function
GGSN(A)
SGSN
IIIISSSSPPPP AAAA
GPRS Core Network
GPRS Core Network
GPRS Core Network
GPRS Core Network
IIIISSSSPPPP BBBB
BSS
Internet/
DNS
GGSN(B)
Intranet
MS
When activating PDP, SGSN translate APN to GTP-C IP address of GGSN
n
When activating PDP, APN is used to get the IP address of GGSN
n
Get old SGSN IP address during the process of inter-SGSN routing area
update

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PS System Structure CG Function GPRS Bore SGSN/GGSN SGSN/GGSN TCP/UDP GTP' FTAM/FTP FTAM/FTP BC CG TCP/IP
PS System Structure
CG Function
GPRS Bore
SGSN/GGSN
SGSN/GGSN
TCP/UDP
GTP'
FTAM/FTP
FTAM/FTP
BC
CG
TCP/IP
CG OMM Server
CG OMM Client
CG OMM Client

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PS System Structure CG Function n CG implements the following functions: „CDRs generated by GSNs collected
PS System Structure
CG Function
n
CG implements the following functions:
„CDRs generated by GSNs collected in real time;
„Buffering the CDRs
„Preprocessing the CDRs, such as CDR
consolidation and filtering, deleting certain CDR
fields, and modifying or adding some CDR fields.
„Transferring the CDRs to the BC.

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PS System Structure CG CDRs S-CDR S-SMO-CDR S-SMT-CDR M-CDR G-CDR SGSN GGSN Backbone Network PDF 文件使用
PS System Structure
CG CDRs
S-CDR
S-SMO-CDR
S-SMT-CDR
M-CDR
G-CDR
SGSN
GGSN
Backbone
Network
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PS System Structure BG Function n BG implement these functions „ Security: IPSec and firewall „
PS System Structure
BG Function
n
BG implement these functions
Security: IPSec and firewall
Routing protocol: BGP
Billing protocol: negotiated by operators, collect billing
information
n
Usually based on router
n
Can be the same equipment as GGSN

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PS System Structure HLR/AUC Function n Store and update GPRS user profile n User authentication n
PS System Structure
HLR/AUC Function
n
Store and update GPRS user profile
n
User authentication
n
Processing the location/routing information related to
mobility management and route selection, such as
Store and update user’s serving SGSN number and
address
MS reachable or not flag

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PS System Structure MSC/VLR Function n When Gs interface is installed, MSC/VLR can support: „ SGSN
PS System Structure
MSC/VLR Function
n
When Gs interface is installed, MSC/VLR can support:
SGSN and MSC/VLR relationship establishment and
maintenance
GPRS joint mobility management
Joint IMSI/GPRS attach/detach
Joint location area/routing area updating
Circuit paging coordination function
Improve the radio resource utilization ratio

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Course Objectives Evolution of WCDMA CN PS System Structure Interface and Protocols Overview
Course Objectives
Evolution of WCDMA CN
PS System Structure
Interface and Protocols Overview
Interface and Protocols 3G PS Control Plane Strcture MS MS UUTTRRANAN 33GG--SSGGSNSN 33GG--GGGGSNSN GTP PPMMMM//SMSM transfer
Interface and Protocols
3G PS Control Plane Strcture
MS
MS
UUTTRRANAN
33GG--SSGGSNSN
33GG--GGGGSNSN
GTP
PPMMMM//SMSM
transfer
PPMMMM//SMSM
//SSMS
MS
//SSMS
MS
RRC
RRC
RRC
RRC
RANAP
RANAP
GGTPTP--CC
RRAANNAPAP
GGTPTP--CC
RRLCLC
RRLCLC
SSCCP
CCP
TTCCPP//UDP
UDP
SSCCP
CCP
TTCCPP//UDP
UDP
Signalling
Signalling
SSiigngnaalli
llingng
MMACAC
MMACAC
IPIP
IPIP
Bearer
Bearer
BBeaearrer
er
AA
AA
L5
L5
L2L2
AAAAL5L5
L2L2
L1L1
L1L1
AATMTM
L1L1
AATMTM
L1L1

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Interface and Protocols 3G PS User Plane Structure 33GG--SSGGSNSN 33GG--GGGGSNSN UUTTRRANAN MS MS GTP transfer EEgg::IIPP,,PPP
Interface and Protocols
3G PS User Plane Structure
33GG--SSGGSNSN
33GG--GGGGSNSN
UUTTRRANAN
MS
MS
GTP
transfer
EEgg::IIPP,,PPP
PPP
EEgg::IIpp,,PPP
PPP
PPDCP
DCP
PPDCP
DCP
GGTPTP--UU
GGTPTP--UU
GGTPTP——UU
GGTPTP——UU
RRLCLC
RRLCLC
IIPP//UDP
UDP
IIPP//UDP
UDP
IIPP//UDP
UDP
IIPP//UDP
UDP
MMACAC
MMACAC
AAAAL5L5
AAAAL5L5
L2L2
L2L2
L1L1
L1L1
AATMTM
AATMTM
L1L1
L1L1
UuUu
IuIu--PSPS
Gn
Gn

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Interface and Protocols Protocols on Interface Services API Control Plane User Plane HHLRLR SSCPCP GMM/SM IuUP
Interface and Protocols
Protocols on Interface
Services
API
Control Plane
User Plane
HHLRLR
SSCPCP
GMM/SM
IuUP
RANAP
SCCP
GTP-U
MTP3b
IP/UDP
SAAL
MSC
Nc
GMSC
SAAL
ATM
ATM
Server
Server
Mc
Mc
SG
Mc
Mc
Nb
PSTN/GSM
MGW
MGW
ATM/IP
RNS
Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN
Intranet
GGSN
Gi
Ga
Ga
CG

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Interface and Protocols Protocols on Interface Services API HHLRLR SSCPCP Control Plane User Plane GTP-C GTP-U
Interface and Protocols
Protocols on Interface
Services
API
HHLRLR
SSCPCP
Control Plane
User Plane
GTP-C
GTP-U
IP/UDP
IP/UDP
MSC
Nc
GMSC
L2
L2
Server
L1
L1
Server
Mc
Mc
SG
Mc
Mc
Nb
PSTN/GSM
MGW
MGW
ATM/IP
RNS
Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN
Intranet
GGSN
Gi
Ga
Ga
CG

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Interface and Protocols Protocols on Interface Services API HHLRLR SSCPCP GTP’ IP/UDP MSC Nc GMSC L2
Interface and Protocols
Protocols on Interface
Services
API
HHLRLR
SSCPCP
GTP’
IP/UDP
MSC
Nc
GMSC
L2
Server
Server
L1
Mc
Mc
SG
Mc
Mc
Nb
PSTN/GSM
MGW
MGW
ATM/IP
RNS
Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN
Intranet
GGSN
Gi
Ga
Ga
CG

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Interface and Protocols Protocols on Interface Services API HHLRLR SSCPCP Application IP/UDP MSC Nc GMSC L2
Interface and Protocols
Protocols on Interface
Services
API
HHLRLR
SSCPCP
Application
IP/UDP
MSC
Nc
GMSC
L2
Server
Server
L1
Mc
Mc
SG
Mc
Mc
Nb
PSTN/GSM
MGW
MGW
ATM/IP
RNS
Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN
Intranet
GGSN
Gi
Ga
Ga
CG

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