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APPENDIX E4

FRICTION LOSS FOR WATER


IN FEET PER 100 FT OF PIPE
(Excerpted from Hydraulic Institute Engineering Data
Handbook with permission.)

E.39

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe
Steel-schedule 40
ID 4.026 in
/D 0.000447

4 in nominal
Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.0111
0.0223
0.0446
0.0668
0.0981
0.111
0.134
0.156
0.178
0.201
0.223
0.245
0.267
0.290
0.312
0.334
0.356
0.379
0.401
0.423
0.446
0.490
0.535
0.579
0.624
0.668
0.713
0.758
0.802
0.847
0.891
0.936
0.980
1.025
1.069
1.114
1.225
1.337
1.448
1.560
1.671
1.782
1.894
2.005
2.117

5
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
460
480
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950

0.126
0.252
0.504
0.756
1.01
1.26
1.51
1.76
2.02
2.27
2.52
2.77
3.02
3.28
3.53
3.78
4.03
4.28
4.54
4.79
5.04
5.54
6.05
6.55
7.06
7.56
8.06
8.57
9.07
9.58
10.1
10.6
11.1
11.6
12.1
12.6
13.9
15.1
16.4
17.6
18.9
20.2
21.4
22.7
23.9

0.000247
0.000987
0.00395
0.00888
0.0158
0.0247
0.0355
0.0484
0.0632
0.0800
0.0987
0.119
0.142
0.167
0.193
0.222
0.253
0.285
0.320
0.356
0.395
0.478
0.569
0.667
0.774
0.888
1.01
1.14
1.28
1.43
1.58
1.74
1.91
2.09
2.27
2.47
2.99
3.55
4.17
4.84
5.55
6.32
7.13
8.00
8.91

0.00310
0.01017
0.0344
0.0702
0.118
0.176
0.245
0.325
0.415
0.515
0.624
0.744
0.877
1.017
1.165
1.32
1.49
1.67
1.86
2.06
2.27
2.72
3.21
3.74
4.30
4.89
5.51
6.19
6.92
7.68
8.47
9.30
10.2
11.1
12.0
13.0
15.7
18.6
21.7
25.0
28.6
32.4
36.5
40.8
45.3

E.40

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 4.00 in
/D 0.00120

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.128
0.255
0.511
0.766
1.02
1.28
1.53
1.79
2.04
2.30
2.55
2.81
3.06
3.32
3.57
3.83
4.08
4.34
4.60
4.85
5.11
5.62
6.13
6.64
7.15
7.66
8.17
8.68
9.19
9.70
10.2
10.7
11.2
11.7
12.3
12.8
14.0
15.3
16.6
17.9
19.1
20.4
21.7
23.0
24.3

0.000253
0.00101
0.00405
0.00912
0.0162
0.0253
0.0365
0.0496
0.0648
0.0820
0.101
0.123
0.146
0.171
0.199
0.228
0.259
0.293
0.328
0.366
0.406
0.490
0.583
0.685
0.794
0.912
1.04
1.17
1.31
1.46
1.62
1.79
1.96
2.14
2.33
2.53
3.06
3.65
4.28
4.96
5.70
6.48
7.32
8.20
9.14

0.00325
0.01080
0.03700
0.0770
0.131
0.199
0.278
0.370
0.476
0.594
0.725
0.869
1.03
1.19
1.38
1.58
1.78
2.00
2.24
2.49
2.74
3.28
3.88
4.54
5.25
6.03
6.87
7.75
8.68
9.66
10.7
11.7
12.8
14.0
15.3
16.6
19.9
23.6
27.7
32.1
36.7
41.6
46.8
52.3
58.1

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 4.026 in
/D 0.000447

4 in nominal
Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

2.228
2.451
2.674
2.896
3.119

1 000
1 100
1 200
1 300
1 400

25.2
27.7
30.2
32.8
35.3

9.87
11.9
14.2
16.7
19.3

3.342
3.565
3.788
4.010
4.233
4.456

1 500
1 600
1 700
1 800
1 900
2 000

37.8
40.3
42.8
45.4
47.9
50.4

22.2
25.3
28.5
32.0
35.6
39.5

Discharge
gal/min

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe
50.2
60.5
72.0
84.3
97.6
112
127
143
160
178
196

Steel-schedule 40
ID 6.065 in
/D 0.000293

6 in nominal

ft3 /s

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 4.00 in
/D 0.00120

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

25.5
28.1
30.6
33.2
35.7

10.1
12.3
14.6
17.1
19.9

64.2
78.2
92.8
108.2
126

38.3
40.8
43.4
46.0
48.5
51.1

22.8
25.9
29.3
32.8
36.6
40.5

144
164
185
207
230
255

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 6.00 in
/D 0.000800

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.0223
0.0446
0.0668
0.0891
0.111

10
20
30
40
50

0.111
0.222
0.333
0.444
0.555

0.000192
0.000767
0.00172
0.00307
0.00479

0.00146
0.00487
0.00988
0.0164
0.0244

0.113
0.227
0.340
0.454
0.567

0.000200
0.000800
0.00180
0.00320
0.00500

0.00157
0.00523
0.01070
0.0179
0.0268

0.134
0.156
0.178
0.201
0.223

60
70
80
90
100

0.666
0.777
0.888
0.999
1.11

0.00690
0.00939
0.0123
0.0155
0.0192

0.0337
0.0445
0.0564
0.0698
0.0843

0.681
0.794
0.908
1.02
1.13

0.00720
0.00980
0.0128
0.0162
0.0200

0.0374
0.0496
0.0635
0.0789
0.0958

0.267
0.312
0.356
0.401
0.446

120
140
160
180
200

1.33
1.55
1.78
2.00
2.22

0.0276
0.0376
0.0491
0.0621
0.0767

0.118
0.155
0.198
0.246
0.299

1.36
1.59
1.82
2.04
2.27

0.0288
0.0392
0.0512
0.0648
0.0800

0.130
0.178
0.229
0.282
0.346

0.490
0.535
0.579
0.624
0.668

220
240
260
280
300

2.44
2.66
2.89
3.11
3.33

0.0927
0.110
0.130
0.150
0.172

0.357
0.419
0.487
0.560
0.637

2.50
2.72
2.95
3.18
3.40

0.0968
0.115
0.135
0.157
0.180

0.415
0.490
0.570
0.655
0.745

0.713
0.758
0.802
0.847
0.891

320
340
360
380
400

3.55
3.78
4.00
4.22
4.44

0.196
0.222
0.240
0.277
0.307

0.719
0.806
0.898
0.993
1.09

3.63
3.86
4.08
4.31
4.54

0.205
0.231
0.259
0.289
0.320

0.846
0.952
1.06
1.18
1.30

E.41

E.42

APPENDIXES

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 6.065 in
/D 0.000293

6 in nominal
Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 6.00 in
/D 0.000800

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.936
0.980
1.025
1.07
1.11

420
440
460
480
500

4.66
4.89
5.11
5.33
5.55

0.338
0.371
0.405
0.442
0.479

1.20
1.31
1.42
1.54
1.66

4.76
4.99
5.22
5.45
5.67

0.353
0.387
0.423
0.461
0.500

1.43
1.57
1.71
1.86
2.02

1.23
1.34
1.45
1.56
1.67

550
600
650
700
750

6.11
6.66
7.22
7.77
8.33

0.580
0.690
0.810
0.939
1.08

1.99
2.34
2.73
3.13
3.57

6.24
6.81
7.37
7.94
8.51

0.605
0.720
0.845
0.980
1.12

2.42
2.84
3.33
3.87
4.45

1.78
1.89
2.01
2.12
2.23

800
850
900
950
1 000

8.88
9.44
9.99
10.5
11.1

1.23
1.38
1.55
1.73
1.92

4.03
4.53
5.05
5.60
6.17

9.08
9.64
10.2
10.8
11.3

1.28
1.44
1.62
1.80
2.00

5.06
5.69
6.34
7.02
7.73

2.45
2.67
2.90
3.12
3.34

1 100
1 200
1 300
1 400
1 500

12.2
13.3
14.4
15.5
16.7

2.32
2.76
3.24
3.76
4.31

7.41
8.76
10.2
11.8
13.5

12.5
13.6
14.7
15.9
17.0

2.42
2.88
3.38
3.92
4.50

9.80
11.2
13.0
15.1
17.4

3.56
3.79
4.01
4.23
4.46

1 600
1 700
1 800
1 900
2 000

17.8
18.9
20.0
21.1
22.2

4.91
5.54
6.21
6.92
7.67

15.4
17.3
19.4
21.6
23.8

18.2
19.3
20.4
21.6
22.7

5.12
5.78
6.48
7.22
8.00

19.8
22.3
24.8
27.6
30.5

4.68
4.90
5.12
5.35
5.57

2 100
2 200
2 300
2 400
2 500

23.3
24.4
25.5
26.6
27.8

8.45
9.27
10.1
11.0
12.0

26.2
28.8
31.4
34.2
37.0

23.8
25.0
26.1
27.2
28.4

8.82
9.68
10.6
11.5
12.5

33.6
36.8
40.1
43.5
47.1

5.79
6.02
6.24
6.46
6.68

2 600
2 700
2 800
2 900
3 000

28.9
30.0
31.1
32.2
33.3

13.0
14.0
15.0
16.1
17.2

39.9
42.9
46.1
49.4
52.8

29.5
30.6
31.8
32.9
34.0

13.5
14.6
15.7
16.8
18.0

51.0
55.2
59.6
64.1
68.8

7.13
7.58
8.02
8.47
8.91

3 200
3 400
3 600
3 800
4 000

35.5
37.8
40.0
42.2
44.4

19.6
22.2
24.8
27.7
30.7

59.9
67.4
75.5
84.1
93.1

36.3
38.6
40.8
43.1
45.4

20.5
23.1
25.9
28.9
32.0

78.0
88.0
98.7
110
122

E.43

FRICTION LOSS FOR WATER IN FEET PER 100 FT OF PIPE

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 7.981 in
/D 0.000226

8 in nominal
Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 8.00 in
/D 0.00060

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.0223
0.0446
0.0668
0.0891
0.111

10
20
30
40
50

0.0641
0.128
0.192
0.257
0.321

0.0000639
0.000256
0.000575
0.00102
0.00160

0.000401
0.001320
0.00266
0.00442
0.00652

0.0638
0.128
0.191
0.255
0.319

0.0000633
0.000253
0.000570
0.00101
0.00158

0.000399
0.001320
0.00269
0.00447
0.00664

0.134
0.156
0.178
0.201
0.223

60
70
80
90
100

0.385
0.449
0.513
0.577
0.641

0.00230
0.00313
0.00409
0.00518
0.00639

0.00904
0.01190
0.0151
0.0186
0.0224

0.382
0.447
0.511
0.574
0.638

0.00228
0.00310
0.00405
0.00513
0.00633

0.00920
0.01210
0.0154
0.0191
0.0232

0.267
0.312
0.356
0.401
0.446

120
140
160
180
200

0.770
0.898
1.03
1.15
1.28

0.00920
0.0125
0.0164
0.0207
0.0256

0.0311
0.0410
0.0521
0.0644
0.0780

0.766
0.893
1.02
1.15
1.28

0.00911
0.0124
0.0162
0.0205
0.0253

0.0323
0.0428
0.0548
0.0681
0.0828

0.490
0.535
0.579
0.624
0.668

220
240
260
280
300

1.41
1.54
1.67
1.80
1.92

0.0309
0.0368
0.0432
0.0501
0.0575

0.0928
0.1088
0.1260
0.144
0.163

1.40
1.53
1.66
1.79
1.91

0.0306
0.0365
0.0428
0.0496
0.0570

0.0989
0.1163
0.135
0.155
0.176

0.713
0.758
0.802
0.847
0.891

320
340
360
380
400

2.05
2.18
2.31
2.44
2.57

0.0655
0.0739
0.0828
0.0923
0.102

0.184
0.206
0.229
0.253
0.279

2.04
2.17
2.30
2.43
2.55

0.0648
0.0732
0.0820
0.0914
0.101

0.198
0.222
0.248
0.275
0.304

1.003
1.11
1.23
1.34
1.45

450
500
550
600
650

2.89
3.21
3.53
3.85
4.17

0.129
0.160
0.193
0.230
0.271

0.348
0.424
0.507
0.597
0.694

2.87
3.19
3.51
3.83
4.15

0.128
0.158
0.191
0.228
0.267

0.380
0.464
0.557
0.658
0.767

1.56
1.67
1.78
1.89
2.01

700
750
800
850
900

4.49
4.81
5.13
5.45
5.77

0.313
0.360
0.409
0.462
0.518

0.797
0.907
1.02
1.147
1.27

4.47
4.79
5.11
5.42
5.74

0.310
0.356
0.405
0.457
0.513

0.884
1.01
1.14
1.29
1.44

2.12
2.23
2.45
2.67
2.90

950
1 000
1 100
1 200
1 300

6.09
6.41
7.05
7.70
8.34

0.577
0.639
0.773
0.920
1.08

1.41
1.56
1.87
2.20
2.56

6.06
6.38
7.02
7.66
8.30

0.571
0.633
0.766
0.911
1.07

1.60
1.76
2.14
2.53
2.94

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 7.981 in
/D 0.000226

8 in nominal
Discharge

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 8.00 in
/D 0.00060

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

3.12
3.34
3.56
3.79
4.01

1 400
1 500
1 600
1 700
1 800

8.98
9.62
10.3
10.9
11.5

1.25
1.44
1.64
1.85
2.07

2.95
3.37
3.82
4.29
4.79

8.93
9.57
10.2
10.8
11.5

1.24
1.42
1.62
1.83
2.05

3.40
3.91
4.45
5.00
5.58

4.23
4.46
4.90
5.35
5.79

1 900
2 000
2 200
2 400
2 600

12.2
12.8
14.1
15.4
16.7

2.31
2.56
3.09
3.68
4.32

5.31
5.86
7.02
8.31
9.70

12.1
12.8
14.0
15.3
16.6

2.29
2.53
3.06
3.65
4.28

6.19
6.84
8.26
9.80
11.47

6.24
6.68
7.13
7.58
8.02

2 800
3 000
3 200
3 400
3 600

18.0
19.2
20.5
21.8
23.1

5.01
5.75
6.55
7.39
8.28

11.20
12.8
14.5
16.4
18.4

17.9
19.1
20.4
21.7
23.0

4.96
5.70
6.48
7.32
8.20

13.3
15.2
17.3
19.5
21.9

8.47
8.91
10.03
11.1
12.3

3 800
4 000
4 500
5 000
5 550

24.4
25.7
28.9
32.1
35.3

9.23
10.2
12.9
16.0
19.3

20.5
22.6
28.5
35.1
42.5

24.3
25.5
28.7
31.9
35.1

9.14
10.1
12.8
15.8
19.1

24.4
27.0
34.0
42.0
51.0

13.4
14.5
15.6
16.7
17.8

6 000
6 500
7 000
7 500
8 000

38.5
41.7
44.9
48.1
51.3

23.0
27.0
31.3
36.0
40.9

50.5
59.1
68.3
78.1
88.6

38.3
41.5
44.7
47.9
51.1

22.8
26.7
31.0
35.6
40.5

60.5
71.0
82.0
94.0
107

Steel-schedule 40
ID 10.020 in
/D 0.000180

10 in nominal
Discharge

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 10.00 in
/D 0.000480

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.0223
0.0446
0.0891
0.134
0.178

10
20
40
60
80

0.0407
0.0814
0.163
0.244
0.325

0.0000257
0.000103
0.000412
0.000926
0.00165

0.000138
0.000451
0.00149
0.00304
0.00505

0.0409
0.0817
0.163
0.245
0.327

0.0000259
0.000104
0.000415
0.000934
0.00166

0.000140
0.000460
0.00154
0.00315
0.00525

0.223
0.267
0.312
0.356
0.401

100
120
140
160
180

0.407
0.488
0.570
0.651
0.732

0.00257
0.00370
0.00504
0.00659
0.00834

0.00747
0.0103
0.0136
0.0174
0.0215

0.409
0.490
0.572
0.654
0.735

0.00259
0.00373
0.00508
0.00664
0.00840

0.00783
0.01085
0.0144
0.0183
0.0227

E.44

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

E.45

FRICTION LOSS FOR WATER IN FEET PER 100 FT OF PIPE

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 10.020 in
/D 0.000180

10 in nominal
Discharge

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 10.00 in
/D 0.000480

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.446
0.490
0.535
0.579
0.624

200
220
240
260
280

0.814
0.895
0.976
1.06
1.14

0.0103
0.0125
0.0148
0.0174
0.0202

0.0260
0.0309
0.0362
0.0417
0.0478

0.817
0.899
0.980
1.06
1.14

0.0104
0.0126
0.0149
0.0175
0.0203

0.0276
0.0329
0.0387
0.0449
0.0514

0.668
0.780
0.891
1.003
1.11

300
350
400
450
500

1.22
1.42
1.63
1.83
2.03

0.0232
0.0315
0.0412
0.0521
0.0643

0.0542
0.0719
0.0917
0.114
0.138

1.23
1.43
1.63
1.84
2.04

0.0233
0.0318
0.0415
0.0525
0.0648

0.0583
0.0778
0.0990
0.1235
0.151

1.23
1.34
1.45
1.56
1.67

550
600
650
700
750

2.24
2.44
2.64
2.85
3.05

0.0778
0.0926
0.109
0.126
0.145

0.164
0.192
0.224
0.256
0.291

2.25
2.45
2.66
2.86
3.06

0.0785
0.0934
0.110
0.127
0.146

0.181
0.214
0.250
0.288
0.328

1.78
1.89
2.01
2.12
2.23

800
850
900
950
1 000

3.25
3.46
3.66
3.87
4.07

0.165
0.186
0.208
0.232
0.257

0.328
0.368
0.410
0.455
0.500

3.27
3.47
3.68
3.88
4.09

0.166
0.187
0.210
0.234
0.259

0.370
0.415
0.462
0.512
0.565

2.45
2.67
2.90
3.12
3.34

1 100
1 200
1 300
1 400
1 500

4.48
4.88
5.29
5.70
6.10

0.311
0.370
0.435
0.504
0.579

0.600
0.703
0.818
0.940
1.07

4.49
4.90
5.31
5.72
6.13

0.314
0.373
0.438
0.508
0.584

0.680
0.805
0.945
1.09
1.25

3.56
3.79
4.01
4.23
4.46

1 600
1 700
1 800
1 900
2 000

6.51
6.92
7.32
7.73
8.14

0.659
0.743
0.834
0.929
1.03

1.21
1.36
1.52
1.68
1.86

6.54
6.94
7.35
7.76
8.17

0.664
0.749
0.840
0.936
1.04

1.42
1.60
1.78
1.97
2.17

4.90
5.35
5.79
6.24
6.68

2 200
2 400
2 600
2 800
3 000

8.95
9.76
10.6
11.4
12.2

1.25
1.48
1.74
2.02
2.32

2.23
2.64
3.08
3.56
4.06

8.99
9.80
10.6
11.4
12.3

1.26
1.49
1.75
2.03
2.33

2.64
3.12
3.63
4.18
4.79

7.13
7.58
8.02
8.47
8.91

3 200
3 400
3 600
3 800
4 000

13.0
13.8
14.6
15.5
16.3

2.63
2.97
3.33
3.71
4.12

4.59
5.16
5.76
6.40
7.07

13.1
13.9
14.7
15.5
16.3

2.66
3.00
3.36
3.74
4.15

5.47
6.18
6.91
7.68
8.50

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 10.020 in
/D 0.000180

10 in nominal
Discharge

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 10.00 in
/D 0.000480

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

10.03
11.1
12.3
13.4
14.5
15.6
16.7
17.8
18.9
20.1
21.2
22.3

4 500
5 000
5 500
6 000
6 500
7 000
7 500
8 000
8 500
9 000
9 500
10 000

18.3
20.3
22.4
24.4
26.4
28.5
30.5
32.5
34.6
36.6
38.7
40.7

5.21
6.43
7.78
9.26
10.9
12.6
14.5
16.5
18.6
20.8
23.2
25.7

8.88
10.9
13.2
15.6
18.3
21.1
24.3
27.5
30.9
34.6
38.5
42.6

Steel-schedule 40
D 11.938 in
/D 0.000151

12 in nominal
Discharge

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

18.4
20.4
22.5
24.5
26.6
28.6
30.0
32.7
34.7
36.8
38.8
40.9

5.25
6.48
7.85
9.34
11.0
12.7
14.6
16.6
18.7
21.0
23.4
25.9

10.7
13.2
15.9
18.9
22.2
25.8
29.6
33.6
37.8
42.2
46.9
51.8

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 12.00 in
/D 0.000400

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.223
0.267
0.312
0.356
0.401
0.446
0.490
0.535
0.579
0.624

100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280

0.287
0.344
0.401
0.459
0.516
0.573
0.631
0.688
0.745
0.802

0.00128
0.00184
0.00250
0.00327
0.00414
0.00511
0.00618
0.00735
0.00863
0.0100

0.00325
0.00448
0.00590
0.00747
0.00920
0.0111
0.0132
0.0155
0.0180
0.0206

0.284
0.340
0.397
0.454
0.511
0.567
0.624
0.681
0.738
0.794

0.00125
0.00180
0.00245
0.00320
0.00405
0.00500
0.00605
0.00720
0.00845
0.00980

0.00320
0.00445
0.00589
0.00752
0.00932
0.01129
0.0135
0.0158
0.0182
0.0208

0.668
0.780
0.891
1.00
1.11
1.23
1.34
1.45
1.56
1.67
1.78
1.89
2.01
2.12
2.23

300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1 000

0.860
1.00
1.15
1.29
1.43
1.58
1.72
1.86
2.01
2.15
2.29
2.44
2.58
2.72
2.87

0.0115
0.0156
0.0204
0.0259
0.0319
0.0386
0.0460
0.0539
0.0626
0.0718
0.0817
0.0922
0.103
0.115
0.128

0.0233
0.0306
0.0391
0.0485
0.0587
0.0698
0.0820
0.0950
0.109
0.124
0.140
0.156
0.173
0.191
0.210

0.851
0.993
1.13
1.28
1.42
1.56
1.70
1.84
1.99
2.13
2.27
2.41
2.55
2.69
2.84

0.0113
0.0153
0.0200
0.0253
0.0313
0.0378
0.0450
0.0528
0.0613
0.0703
0.0800
0.0903
0.101
0.113
0.125

0.0236
0.0316
0.0404
0.0500
0.0604
0.0718
0.0845
0.0990
0.115
0.131
0.148
0.166
0.184
0.203
0.224

E.46

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
D 11.938 in
/D 0.000151

12 in nominal
Discharge

V 2 /2g (ft)

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 12.00 in
/D 0.000400

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

V (ft/s)

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

2.45
2.67
2.90
3.12
3.34

1 100
1 200
1 300
1 400
1 500

3.15
3.44
3.73
4.01
4.30

0.154
0.184
0.216
0.250
0.287

0.251
0.296
0.344
0.395
0.450

3.12
3.40
3.69
3.97
4.26

0.151
0.180
0.211
0.245
0.281

0.272
0.321
0.372
0.428
0.488

3.56
3.79
4.01
4.23
4.46

1 600
1 700
1 800
1 900
2 000

4.59
4.87
5.16
5.45
5.73

0.327
0.369
0.414
0.461
0.511

0.509
0.572
0.636
0.704
0.776

4.54
4.82
5.11
5.39
5.67

0.320
0.361
0.405
0.451
0.500

0.552
0.621
0.695
0.774
0.858

4.90
5.35
5.79
6.24
6.68

2 200
2 400
2 600
2 800
3 000

6.31
6.88
7.45
8.03
8.60

0.618
0.735
0.863
1.00
1.15

0.930
1.093
1.28
1.47
1.68

6.24
6.81
7.38
7.94
8.51

0.605
0.720
0.845
0.980
1.13

1.03
1.22
1.43
1.65
1.88

7.13
7.58
8.02
8.47
8.91

3 200
3 400
3 600
3 800
4 000

9.17
9.75
10.3
10.9
11.5

1.31
1.48
1.65
1.84
2.04

1.90
2.13
2.37
2.63
2.92

9.08
9.65
10.2
10.8
11.3

1.28
1.45
1.62
1.81
2.00

2.13
2.41
2.70
3.00
3.31

10.03
11.1
12.3
13.4
14.5

4 500
5 000
5 500
6 000
6 500

12.9
14.3
15.8
17.2
18.6

2.59
3.19
3.86
4.60
5.39

3.65
4.47
5.38
6.39
7.47

12.8
14.2
15.6
17.0
18.4

2.53
3.13
3.78
4.50
5.28

4.18
5.13
6.17
7.30
8.55

15.6
16.7
17.8
18.9
20.1

7 000
7 500
8 000
8 500
9 000

20.1
21.5
22.9
24.4
25.8

6.26
7.18
8.17
9.22
10.3

8.63
9.88
11.20
12.6
14.1

19.9
21.3
22.7
24.1
25.5

6.13
7.03
8.00
9.04
10.1

9.92
11.4
13.0
14.7
16.4

21.2
22.3
24.5
26.7
29.0

9 500
10 000
11 000
12 000
13 000

27.2
28.7
31.5
34.4
37.3

11.5
12.8
15.4
18.3
21.6

15.7
17.4
21.0
24.8
28.9

26.9
28.4
31.2
34.0
36.9

11.3
12.5
15.1
18.0
21.1

18.2
20.2
24.2
28.8
34.0

31.2
33.4
35.6
37.9
40.1

14 000
15 000
16 000
17 000
18 000

40.1
43.0
45.9
48.7
51.6

25.0
28.7
32.7
36.9
41.4

33.5
38.4
43.7
49.2
55.2

39.7
42.6
45.4
48.2
51.1

24.5
28.1
32.0
36.1
40.5

39.7
45.7
51.8
58.2
65.0

42.3
44.6

19 000
20 000

54.5
57.3

46.1
51.1

61.5
68.1

53.9
56.7

45.1
50.0

72.1
79.8

E.47

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 15.000 in
/D 0.000120

16 in nominal
Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.668
0.891
1.114
1.34
1.56
1.78
2.01
2.23
2.67
3.12
3.56
4.01
4.46
5.57
6.68
7.80
8.91
10.02
11.1
13.4
15.6
17.8
20.1
22.3
24.5
26.7
29.0
31.2
33.4
35.6
37.9
40.1
42.3
44.6
49.0
53.5
57.9
62.4
66.8
71.3
75.8
80.2
84.7
89.1
93.6
98.0
102.5
107
111

300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1 000
1 200
1 400
1 600
1 800
2 000
2 500
3 000
3 500
4 000
4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000
8 000
9 000
10 000
11 000
12 000
13 000
14 000
15 000
16 000
17 000
18 000
19 000
20 000
22 000
24 000
26 000
28 000
30 000
32 000
34 000
36 000
38 000
40 000
42 000
44 000
46 000
48 000
50 000

0.545
0.726
0.908
1.09
1.27
1.45
1.63
1.82
2.18
2.54
2.90
3.27
3.63
4.54
5.45
6.35
7.26
8.17
9.08
10.9
12.7
14.5
16.3
18.2
20.0
21.8
23.6
25.4
27.2
29.0
30.9
32.7
34.5
36.3
39.9
43.6
47.2
50.8
54.5
58.1
61.7
65.4
69.0
72.6
76.2
79.9
83.5
87.1
90.8

0.00461
0.00820
0.0128
0.0184
0.0251
0.0328
0.0415
0.0512
0.0738
0.1004
0.131
0.166
0.205
0.320
0.461
0.627
0.820
1.04
1.28
1.84
2.51
3.28
4.15
5.12
6.20
7.38
8.66
10.04
11.5
13.1
14.8
16.6
18.5
20.5
24.8
29.5
34.6
40.2
46.1
52.4
59.2
66.4
74.0
82.0
90.4
99.2
108.4
118
128

0.00769
0.0129
0.0193
0.0269
0.0356
0.0454
0.0563
0.0683
0.0953
0.127
0.163
0.203
0.248
0.377
0.535
0.718
0.921
1.15
1.41
2.01
2.69
3.49
4.38
5.38
6.49
7.69
8.99
10.4
11.9
13.5
15.3
17.2
19.2
21.2
25.5
30.2
35.4
41.0
47.0
53.5
60.2
67.2
75.0
83.0
91.5
101
110
118
128

E.48

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 16.00 in
/D 0.000300

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.479
0.638
0.798
0.957
1.12
1.28
1.44
1.60
1.91
2.23
2.55
2.87
3.19
3.99
4.79
5.58
6.38
7.18
7.98
9.57
11.2
12.8
14.4
16.0
17.6
19.1
20.7
22.3
23.9
25.5
27.1
28.7
30.3
31.9
35.1
38.3
41.5
44.7
47.9
51.1
54.3
57.4
60.6
63.8
67.0
70.2
73.4
76.6
79.8

0.00356
0.00633
0.00989
0.0142
0.0194
0.0253
0.0320
0.0396
0.0570
0.0775
0.101
0.128
0.158
0.247
0.356
0.485
0.633
0.801
0.989
1.42
1.94
2.53
3.20
3.96
4.79
5.70
6.69
7.75
8.90
10.1
11.4
12.8
14.3
15.8
19.1
22.8
26.7
31.0
35.6
40.5
45.7
51.3
57.1
63.3
69.8
76.6
83.7
91.2
98.9

0.00581
0.00980
0.0148
0.0207
0.0276
0.0354
0.0441
0.0537
0.0760
0.101
0.130
0.163
0.200
0.307
0.435
0.584
0.754
0.948
1.17
1.66
2.26
2.96
3.73
4.57
5.50
6.52
7.63
8.81
10.1
11.5
13.0
14.6
16.3
18.1
21.8
25.9
30.4
35.3
40.5
46.0
51.9
58.1
64.7
71.7
79.1
86.9
95.0
103
112

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 16.876 in
/D 0.000107

18 in nominal
Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.668
0.891
1.114
1.34
1.56
1.78
2.01
2.23
2.67
3.12
3.56
4.01
4.46
5.57
6.68
7.80
8.91
10.02
11.1
13.4
15.6
17.8
20.1
22.3
26.7
31.2
35.6
40.1
44.6
49.0
53.5
57.9
62.4
66.8
71.3
75.8
80.2
84.7
89.1
93.6
98
102
107
111
123
134
145
156

300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1 000
1 200
1 400
1 600
1 800
2 000
2 500
3 000
3 500
4 000
4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000
8 000
9 000
10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000
20 000
22 000
24 000
26 000
28 000
30 000
32 000
34 000
36 000
38 000
40 000
42 000
44 000
46 000
48 000
50 000
55 000
60 000
65 000
70 000

0.430
0.574
0.717
0.861
1.00
1.15
1.29
1.43
1.72
2.01
2.30
2.58
2.87
3.59
4.30
5.02
5.74
6.45
7.17
8.61
10.0
11.5
12.9
14.3
17.2
20.1
22.9
25.8
28.7
31.6
34.4
37.3
40.2
43.0
45.9
48.8
51.6
54.5
57.4
60.2
63.1
66.0
68.9
71.7
78.9
86.1
93.2
100.4

0.00288
0.00512
0.00799
0.0115
0.0157
0.0205
0.0259
0.0320
0.0460
0.0627
0.0819
0.1036
0.128
0.200
0.288
0.392
0.512
0.647
0.799
1.15
1.57
2.05
2.59
3.20
4.60
6.27
8.19
10.36
12.8
15.5
18.4
21.6
25.1
28.8
32.7
37.0
41.4
46.2
51.2
56.4
61.9
67.7
73.7
79.9
96.7
115
135
157

0.00437
0.00730
0.0109
0.0152
0.0201
0.0256
0.0318
0.0386
0.0541
0.0719
0.092
0.114
0.139
0.211
0.297
0.397
0.511
0.639
0.781
1.11
1.49
1.93
2.42
2.97
4.21
5.69
7.41
9.33
11.5
13.9
16.5
19.2
22.2
25.5
29.0
32.8
36.8
40.8
45.0
49.7
54.5
59.5
64.8
70.2
84.8
101
118
136

E.49

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 18.00 in
/D 0.000267

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.378
0.504
0.630
0.756
0.883
1.01
1.13
1.26
1.51
1.77
2.02
2.27
2.52
3.15
3.78
4.41
5.04
5.67
6.30
7.56
8.83
10.09
11.3
12.6
15.1
17.7
20.2
22.7
25.2
27.7
30.3
32.8
35.3
37.8
40.3
42.9
45.4
47.9
50.4
53.0
55.5
58.0
60.5
63.0
69.3
75.6
82.0
88.3

0.00222
0.00359
0.00618
0.00889
0.0121
0.0158
0.0200
0.0247
0.0356
0.0484
0.0632
0.0800
0.0988
0.154
0.222
0.303
0.395
0.500
0.618
0.889
1.21
1.58
2.00
2.47
3.56
4.84
6.32
8.00
9.88
12.0
14.2
16.7
19.4
22.9
25.3
28.6
32.0
35.7
39.5
43.6
47.8
52.3
56.9
61.8
74.7
88.9
104.4
121

0.00328
0.00554
0.00832
0.01162
0.0154
0.0197
0.0245
0.0298
0.0420
0.0560
0.0728
0.0910
0.110
0.170
0.240
0.320
0.415
0.525
0.645
0.920
1.24
1.61
2.02
2.48
3.56
4.85
6.34
8.02
9.88
11.90
14.10
16.50
19.1
21.9
24.9
28.1
31.5
35.1
38.9
42.9
47.0
51.3
55.8
60.5
73.0
86.7
101.8
118

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 18.812 in
/D 0.0000957

20 in nominal
Discharge

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 20.00 in
/D 0.000240

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.668
0.891
1.114
1.34
1.56
1.78
2.01
2.23
2.67
3.12
3.56
4.01
4.46
5.57
6.68
7.80
8.91
10.02
11.1
13.4
15.6
17.8
20.1
22.3
26.7

300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1 000
1 200
1 400
1 600
1 800
2 000
2 500
3 000
3 500
4 000
4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000
8 000
9 000
10 000
12 000

0.346
0.462
0.577
0.692
0.808
0.923
1.039
1.15
1.38
1.62
1.85
2.08
2.31
2.89
3.46
4.04
4.62
5.19
5.77
6.92
8.08
9.23
10.39
11.5
13.8

0.00186
0.00331
0.00517
0.00745
0.0101
0.0132
0.0168
0.0207
0.0298
0.0406
0.0530
0.0671
0.0828
0.129
0.186
0.254
0.331
0.419
0.517
0.745
1.014
1.32
1.68
2.07
2.98

0.00258
0.00432
0.00645
0.00897
0.01186
0.0152
0.0188
0.0227
0.0318
0.0422
0.0538
0.0669
0.0812
0.123
0.174
0.232
0.298
0.372
0.455
0.645
0.862
1.11
1.39
1.70
2.44

14 000
16 000
18 000
20 000
22 000
24 000
26 000
28 000
30 000
32 000
34 000
36 000
38 000
40 000
42 000
44 000
46 000
48 000
50 000
55 000

16.2
18.5
20.8
23.1
25.4
27.7
30.0
32.3
34.6
36.9
39.2
41.5
43.9
46.2
48.5
50.8
53.1
55.4
57.7
63.5

31.2
35.6
40.1
44.6
49.0
53.5
57.9
62.4
66.8
71.3
75.8
80.2
84.7
89.1
93.6
98
102
107
111
123

4.06
5.30
6.71
8.28
10.02
11.9
14.0
16.2
18.6
21.2
23.9
26.8
29.9
33.1
36.5
40.1
43.8
47.7
51.7
62.6

3.29
4.26
5.35
6.56
7.91
9.39
11.0
12.7
14.6
16.6
18.7
20.9
23.2
25.7
28.4
31.3
34.2
37.1
40.0
48.3

E.50

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.306
0.408
0.511
0.613
0.715
0.817
0.919
1.02
1.23
1.43
1.63
1.84
2.04
2.55
3.06
3.57
4.08
4.59
5.11
6.13
7.15
8.17
9.19
10.2
12.3

0.00146
0.00259
0.00405
0.00583
0.00794
0.0104
0.0131
0.0162
0.0233
0.0318
0.0415
0.0525
0.0648
0.1013
0.146
0.198
0.259
0.328
0.405
0.583
0.794
1.04
1.31
1.62
2.33

0.00197
0.00332
0.00496
0.00691
0.00918
0.0117
0.0146
0.0177
0.0249
0.0332
0.0427
0.0533
0.0650
0.0998
0.140
0.188
0.243
0.306
0.376
0.533
0.721
0.935
1.18
1.45
2.07

14.3
16.3
18.4
20.4
22.5
24.5
26.5
28.6
30.6
32.7
34.7
36.8
38.8
40.8
42.9
44.9
47.0
49.0
51.1
56.2

3.18
4.15
5.25
6.48
7.84
9.33
10.95
12.7
14.6
16.6
18.7
21.0
23.4
25.9
28.6
31.4
34.3
37.3
40.5
49.0

2.80
3.66
4.62
5.67
6.85
8.13
9.54
11.1
12.7
14.4
16.3
18.2
20.2
22.4
24.7
27.1
29.7
32.4
35.2
4

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 18.812 in
/D 0.0000957

20 in nominal
Discharge

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 20.00 in
/D 0.000240

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

134
145
156
167
178
189
201
212
223

60 000
65 000
70 000
75 000
80 000
85 000
90 000
95 000
100 000

69.2
75.0
80.8
86.6
92.3
98.1
103.9
109.6
115.4

74.5
87.4
101.4
116
132
150
168
187
207

57.4
67.2
77.8
89.3
102
115
129
143
158

Steel-schedule 40
ID 22.624 in
/D 0.0000796

24 in nominal
Discharge

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

61.3
66.4
71.5
76.6
81.7
86.8
91.9
97.0
102.1

58.3
68.5
79.4
91.1
103.7
117
131
146
162

50.4
59.0
68.4
78.6
89.5
101
113
126
139

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 24.00 in
/D 0.000200

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.668
0.891
1.114
1.34
1.56
1.78
2.01
2.23
2.67
3.12
3.56
4.01
4.46
5.57
6.68

300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1 000
1 200
1 400
1 600
1 800
2 000
2 500
3 000

0.239
0.319
0.399
0.479
0.559
0.638
0.716
0.798
0.958
1.12
1.28
1.44
1.60
1.99
2.39

0.000891
0.00158
0.00247
0.00356
0.00485
0.00633
0.00801
0.00989
0.0142
0.0194
0.0253
0.0321
0.0396
0.0618
0.0891

0.00107
0.00178
0.00267
0.00371
0.00490
0.00621
0.00767
0.00928
0.0129
0.0171
0.0219
0.0272
0.0330
0.0499
0.0700

0.213
0.284
0.355
0.426
0.496
0.567
0.638
0.709
0.851
0.993
1.135
1.276
1.42
1.77
2.13

0.000703
0.00125
0.00195
0.00281
0.00383
0.00500
0.00633
0.00782
0.01126
0.0153
0.0200
0.0253
0.0313
0.0489
0.0703

0.000821
0.00137
0.00205
0.00284
0.00376
0.00480
0.00597
0.00724
0.0102
0.0135
0.0173
0.0216
0.0262
0.0398
0.0563

7.80
8.91
10.02
11.1
13.4
15.6
17.8
20.1
22.3
26.7

3 500
4 000
4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000
8 000
9 000
10 000
12 000

2.79
3.19
3.59
3.99
4.79
5.59
6.38
7.18
7.98
9.58

0.121
0.158
0.200
0.247
0.356
0.485
0.633
0.801
0.989
1.42

0.0934
0.120
0.149
0.181
0.257
0.343
0.441
0.551
0.671
0.959

2.48
2.84
3.19
3.55
4.26
4.96
5.67
6.38
7.09
8.51

0.0957
0.125
0.158
0.195
0.281
0.383
0.500
0.633
0.782
1.126

0.0759
0.098
0.122
0.149
0.211
0.284
0.368
0.464
0.571
0.816

31.2
35.6
40.1
44.6
49.0

14 000
16 000
18 000
20 000
22 000

1.94
2.53
3.21
3.96
4.79

1.29
1.67
2.10
2.58
3.10

1.53
2.00
2.53
3.13
3.78

1.11
1.43
1.80
2.21
2.67

11.2
12.8
14.4
16.0
17.6

E.51

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

9.93
11.35
12.76
14.2
15.6

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 22.624 in
/D 0.0000796

24 in nominal
Discharge

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 24.00 in
/D 0.000200

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

53.5
57.9
62.4
66.8
71.3
75.8
80.2
84.7
89.1
93.6
98.0
102
107
111
123
134
145
156
167
178
189
201
212
223
245
267
290
312
334

24 000
26 000
28 000
30 000
32 000
34 000
36 000
38 000
40 000
42 000
44 000
46 000
48 000
50 000
55 000
60 000
65 000
70 000
75 000
80 000
85 000
90 000
95 000
100 000
110 000
120 000
130 000
140 000
150 000

19.2
20.7
22.3
23.9
25.5
27.1
28.7
30.3
31.9
33.5
35.1
36.7
38.3
39.9
43.9
47.9
51.9
55.9
59.8
63.8
67.8
71.8
75.8
79.8
87.8
95.8
103.7
112
120

5.70
6.69
7.76
8.91
10.13
11.4
12.8
14.3
15.8
17.5
19.2
20.9
22.8
24.7
29.9
35.6
41.8
48.5
55.7
63.3
71.5
80.1
89.3
98.9
120
142
167
194
223

3.67
4.29
4.96
5.68
6.42
7.22
8.08
9.00
9.98
11.0
12.1
13.2
14.3
15.5
18.7
22.3
26.2
30.4
34.8
39.4
44.4
49.7
55.5
61.5
74.0
88.0
103
119
137

Steel-schedule 40
ID 29.000 in
/D 0.0000621

30 in nominal
Discharge

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

17.0
18.4
19.9
21.3
22.7
24.1
25.5
26.9
28.4
29.8
31.2
32.6
34.0
35.5
39.0
42.6
46.1
49.6
53.2
56.7
60.3
63.8
67.4
70.9
78.0
85.1
92.2
99.3
106

4.50
5.28
6.13
7.03
8.00
9.04
10.13
11.3
12.5
13.8
15.1
16.5
18.0
19.5
23.6
28.1
33.0
38.3
44.0
50.0
56.5
63.3
70.5
78.2
94.6
113
132
153
200

3.16
3.71
4.32
4.97
5.65
6.35
7.10
7.90
8.75
9.63
10.5
11.5
12.5
13.6
16.4
19.5
22.9
26.5
30.5
34.7
39.2
43.9
48.9
54.2
65.5
78.0
91.5
106
121

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 30.00 in
/D 0.000160

ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

0.891
1.114
1.34
1.56
1.78

400
500
600
700
800

0.194
0.243
0.291
0.340
0.389

0.000587
0.000917
0.00132
0.00180
0.00235

0.000540
0.000805
0.001115
0.00147
0.00187

0.182
0.227
0.272
0.318
0.363

0.000512
0.000800
0.00115
0.00157
0.00205

0.000466
0.000695
0.000964
0.00128
0.00163

900
1 000
1 200
1 400
1 600

0.437
0.486
0.583
0.680
0.777

0.00297
0.00367
0.00528
0.00719
0.00939

0.00231
0.00280
0.00390
0.00514
0.00652

0.408
0.454
0.545
0.635
0.726

0.00259
0.00320
0.00461
0.00627
0.00819

0.00202
0.00244
0.00343
0.00452
0.00577

2.01
2.23
2.67
3.12
3.56

E.52

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
Steel-schedule 40
ID 29.000 in
/D 0.0000621

30 in nominal
Discharge

Asphalt-dipped cast iron


ID 30.00 in
/D 0.000160

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

4.01
4.46
5.57
6.68
7.80

1 800
2 000
2 500
3 000
3 500

0.874
0.971
1.21
1.46
1.70

0.0119
0.0147
0.0229
0.0330
0.0449

0.00814
0.00986
0.0148
0.0206
0.0276

0.817
0.908
1.13
1.36
1.59

0.0104
0.0128
0.0200
0.0288
0.0392

0.00720
0.00876
0.0132
0.0186
0.0248

8.91
10.02
11.14
13.4
15.6

4 000
4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000

1.94
2.19
2.43
2.91
3.40

0.0587
0.0742
0.0917
0.132
0.180

0.0354
0.0440
0.0535
0.0750
0.100

1.82
2.04
2.27
2.72
3.18

0.0512
0.0648
0.0800
0.115
0.157

0.0320
0.0400
0.0488
0.0690
0.0923

17.8
20.1
22.3
26.7
31.2

8 000
9 000
10 000
12 000
14 000

3.89
4.37
4.86
5.83
6.80

0.235
0.297
0.367
0.528
0.719

0.129
0.161
0.196
0.277
0.371

3.63
4.08
4.54
5.45
6.35

0.205
0.259
0.320
0.461
0.627

0.119
0.149
0.183
0.260
0.351

35.6
40.1
44.6
55.7
66.8

16 000
18 000
20 000
25 000
30 000

7.77
8.74
9.71
12.1
14.6

0.939
1.19
1.47
2.29
3.30

0.478
0.598
0.732
1.13
1.61

7.26
8.17
9.08
11.3
13.6

0.819
1.04
1.28
2.00
2.88

0.455
0.572
0.703
1.09
1.57

78.0
89.1
100
111
134

35 000
40 000
45 000
50 000
60 000

17.0
19.4
21.9
24.3
29.1

4.49
5.87
7.42
9.17
13.2

2.17
2.83
3.56
4.38
6.23

15.9
18.2
20.4
22.7
27.2

3.92
5.12
6.48
8.00
11.5

2.13
2.77
3.50
4.30
6.19

156
178
201
223
245

70 000
80 000
90 000
100 000
110 000

34.0
38.9
43.7
48.6
53.4

18.0
23.5
29.7
36.7
44.4

8.43
11.0
13.8
17.0
20.6

31.8
36.3
40.8
45.4
49.9

15.7
20.5
25.9
32.0
38.7

8.39
10.9
13.8
17.0
20.5

267
290
312
334
356

120 000
130 000
140 000
150 000
160 000

58.3
63.1
68.0
72.9
77.7

52.8
62.0
71.9
82.5
93.9

24.5
28.7
33.3
38.2
43.3

54.5
59.0
63.5
68.1
72.6

46.1
54.1
62.7
72.0
81.9

24.4
28.6
33.1
38.0
43.2

379
401
423
446
468

170 000
180 000
190 000
200 000
210 000

82.6
87.4
92.3
97.1
102

106
119
132
147
162

48.8
54.7
60.8
67.1
73.8

77.2
81.7
86.2
90.8
95.3

92.5
104
116
128
141

48.7
54.7
61.0
67.6
74.5

490
512
535
557

220 000
230 000
240 000
250 000

107
112
117
121

177
194
211
229

81.0
88.6
96.7
106

99.8
104
109
113

ft3 /s

E.53

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet
per 100 ft
of pipe

155
169
184
200

81.7
89.2
97.0
105

E.54

APPENDIXES

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )

36 in ID

Steel
/D 0.0000500

Cast iron
/D 0.000133

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

2.23
2.67
3.12
3.56
4.01

1 000
1 200
1 400
1 600
1 800

0.315
0.378
0.441
0.504
0.567

0.00154
0.00222
0.00303
0.00395
0.00500

0.000988
0.00137
0.00181
0.00231
0.00285

0.00101
0.00140
0.00186
0.00237
0.00295

4.46
5.57
6.68
7.80
8.91

2 000
2 500
3 000
3 500
4 000

0.630
0.788
0.946
1.103
1.26

0.00618
0.00965
0.0139
0.0189
0.0247

0.00344
0.00517
0.00721
0.00957
0.0122

0.00357
0.00538
0.00751
0.0101
0.0129

10.02
11.14
13.4
15.6
17.8

4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000
8 000

1.41
1.58
1.89
2.21
2.52

0.0313
0.0386
0.0556
0.0756
0.0988

0.0152
0.0185
0.0260
0.0345
0.0442

0.0161
0.0196
0.0276
0.0369
0.0475

20.1
22.3
26.7
31.2
35.6

9 000
10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000

2.84
3.15
3.78
4.41
5.04

0.125
0.154
0.222
0.303
0.395

0.0551
0.0670
0.0942
0.126
0.162

0.0593
0.0724
0.103
0.139
0.180

40.1
44.6
55.7
66.8
78.0

18 000
20 000
25 000
30 000
35 000

5.67
6.30
7.88
9.46
11.03

0.500
0.618
0.965
1.39
1.89

0.203
0.248
0.378
0.540
0.724

0.227
0.279
0.430
0.617
0.832

89.1
100
111
134
156

40 000
45 000
50 000
60 000
70 000

12.6
14.1
15.8
18.9
22.1

2.47
3.13
3.86
5.56
7.56

0.941
1.18
1.45
2.07
2.81

1.08
1.36
1.68
2.40
3.25

178
201
223
267
312

80 000
90 000
100 000
120 000
140 000

25.2
28.4
31.5
37.8
44.1

9.88
12.5
15.4
22.2
30.3

356
401
446
557
668

160 000
180 000
200 000
250 000
300 000

50.4
56.7
63.0
78.8
94.6

780
891

350 000
400 000

110
126

3.66
4.59
5.64
8.05
10.9

4.23
5.34
6.58
9.50
12.9

39.5
50.0
61.8
96.5
139

14.2
17.9
22.1
34.4
49.4

16.8
21.3
26.3
41.0
58.8

189
247

67.0
87.3

80.0
105

E.55

FRICTION LOSS FOR WATER IN FEET PER 100 FT OF PIPE

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )

42 in ID

Steel
/D 0.0000429

Cast iron
/D 0.000114

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

2.23
3.34
4.46
5.57
6.68

1 000
1 500
2 000
2 500
3 000

0.232
0.347
0.463
0.579
0.695

0.000833
0.00187
0.00333
0.00521
0.00750

0.000471
0.000977
0.00164
0.00246
0.00343

0.000481
0.000997
0.00168
0.00252
0.00353

7.80
8.91
10.02
11.14
13.4

3 500
4 000
4 500
5 000
6 000

0.811
0.926
1.042
1.16
1.39

0.0102
0.0133
0.0169
0.0208
0.0300

0.00454
0.00580
0.00720
0.00874
0.0122

0.00470
0.00602
0.00750
0.00915
0.0128

15.6
17.8
20.1
22.3
26.7

7 000
8 000
9 000
10 000
12 000

1.62
1.85
2.08
2.32
2.78

0.0408
0.0533
0.0675
0.0833
0.120

0.0162
0.0208
0.0258
0.0314
0.0441

0.0172
0.0222
0.0276
0.0337
0.0477

31.2
35.6
40.1
44.6
55.7

14 000
16 000
18 000
20 000
25 000

3.24
3.71
4.17
4.63
5.79

0.163
0.213
0.270
0.333
0.521

0.0591
0.0758
0.0944
0.115
0.176

0.0641
0.0829
0.104
0.127
0.196

66.8
78.0
89.1
100
111

30 000
35 000
40 000
45 000
50 000

6.95
8.11
9.26
10.42
11.6

0.750
1.02
1.33
1.69
2.08

0.250
0.334
0.433
0.545
0.668

0.279
0.377
0.490
0.619
0.760

134
156
178
201
223

60 000
70 000
80 000
90 000
100 000

13.9
16.2
18.5
20.8
23.2

3.00
4.08
5.33
6.75
8.33

0.946
1.27
1.66
2.08
2.57

1.09
1.48
1.92
2.42
2.98

267
312
356
401
446

120 000
140 000
160 000
180 000
200 000

27.8
32.4
37.1
41.7
46.3

12.0
16.3
21.3
27.0
33.3

3.67
4.98
6.46
8.12
10.00

4.30
5.82
7.58
9.58
11.8

557
668
780
891
1002

250 000
300 000
350 000
400 000
450 000

57.9
69.5
81.1
92.6
104.2

52.1
75.0
102
133
169

15.6
22.3
30.4
39.6
50.1

18.4
26.5
36.1
47.2
59.7

1114

500 000

116

208

67.7

73.6

E.56

APPENDIXES

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )

48 in ID

Steel
/D 0.0000375

Cast iron
/D 0.000100

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

3.34
4.46
5.57
6.68
7.80

1 500
2 000
2 500
3 000
3 500

0.266
0.355
0.443
0.532
0.621

0.00110
0.00195
0.00305
0.00440
0.00598

0.000508
0.000855
0.00129
0.00180
0.00238

0.000521
0.000883
0.00133
0.00185
0.00245

8.91
10.02
11.14
13.4
15.6

4 000
4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000

0.709
0.798
0.887
1.064
1.24

0.00782
0.00989
0.01221
0.0176
0.0239

0.00304
0.00378
0.00458
0.00636
0.00844

0.00314
0.00391
0.00474
0.00667
0.00890

17.8
20.1
22.3
26.7
31.2

8 000
9 000
10 000
12 000
14 000

1.42
1.60
1.77
2.13
2.48

0.0313
0.0396
0.0489
0.0703
0.0957

0.0108
0.0134
0.0163
0.0229
0.0305

0.0114
0.0142
0.0173
0.0244
0.0327

35.6
40.1
44.6
55.7
66.8

16 000
18 000
20 000
25 000
30 000

2.84
3.19
3.55
4.43
5.32

0.125
0.158
0.195
0.305
0.440

0.0391
0.0488
0.0598
0.0910
0.128

0.0422
0.0529
0.0648
0.0996
0.142

78.0
89.1
100.2
111.4
134

35 000
40 000
45 000
50 000
60 000

6.21
7.09
7.98
8.87
10.64

0.598
0.782
0.989
1.221
1.76

0.172
0.222
0.278
0.341
0.484

0.192
0.248
0.314
0.384
0.548

156
178
201
223
267

70 000
80 000
90 000
100 000
120 000

12.4
14.2
16.0
17.7
21.3

2.39
3.13
3.96
4.89
7.03

0.652
0.849
1.06
1.30
1.87

0.742
0.968
1.22
1.50
2.15

312
356
401
446
557

140 000
160 000
180 000
200 000
250 000

24.8
28.4
31.9
35.5
44.3

9.57
12.5
15.8
19.5
30.5

2.51
3.26
4.11
5.05
7.88

2.92
3.81
4.83
5.97
9.28

668
780
891
1002
1114

300 000
350 000
400 000
450 000
500 000

53.2
62.1
70.9
79.8
88.7

1225
1337

550 000
600 000

97.5
106.4

44.0
59.8
78.2
98.9
122.1

11.3
15.3
20.0
25.2
31.1

13.4
18.2
23.7
29.9
36.8

148
176

37.6
44.7

44.5
53.0

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )

60 in ID

Steel
/D 0.0000300

Cast iron
/D 0.000800

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

4.46
5.57
6.68
7.80
8.91

2 000
2 500
3 000
3 500
4 000

0.227
0.284
0.340
0.397
0.454

0.000800
0.00125
0.00180
0.00245
0.00320

0.000293
0.000440
0.000612
0.000810
0.00103

0.000298
0.000446
0.000621
0.000824
0.00105

10.02
11.14
13.4
15.6
17.8

4 500
5 000
6 000
7 000
8 000

0.511
0.567
0.681
0.794
0.908

0.00405
0.00500
0.00720
0.00980
0.0128

0.00128
0.00155
0.00216
0.00285
0.00365

0.00131
0.00159
0.00223
0.00297
0.00382

20.1
22.3
26.7
31.2
35.6

9 000
10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000

1.021
1.13
1.36
1.59
1.82

0.0162
0.0200
0.0288
0.0392
0.0512

0.00454
0.00550
0.00766
0.0102
0.0131

0.00476
0.00579
0.00815
0.0108
0.0140

40.1
44.6
55.7
66.8
78.0

18 000
20 000
25 000
30 000
35 000

2.04
2.27
2.84
3.40
3.97

0.0648
0.0800
0.125
0.180
0.245

0.0163
0.0198
0.0301
0.0424
0.0567

0.0174
0.0212
0.0325
0.0460
0.0618

89.1
100.2
111.4
134
156

40 000
45 000
50 000
60 000
70 000

4.54
5.11
5.67
6.81
7.94

0.320
0.405
0.500
0.720
0.980

0.0730
0.0916
0.112
0.158
0.213

0.0800
0.100
0.124
0.176
0.237

178
201
223
267
312

80 000
90 000
100 000
120 000
140 000

9.08
10.21
11.3
13.6
15.9

1.28
1.62
2.00
2.88
3.92

0.275
0.344
0.420
0.600
0.806

0.307
0.387
0.478
0.688
0.930

356
401
446
557
668

160 000
180 000
200 000
250 000
300 000

18.2
20.4
22.7
28.4
34.0

5.12
6.48
8.00
12.5
18.0

1.04
1.32
1.62
2.52
3.60

1.20
1.52
1.87
2.92
4.20

780
891
1002
1114
1225

350 000
400 000
450 000
500 000
550 000

39.7
45.4
51.1
56.7
62.4

24.5
32.0
40.5
50.0
60.5

4.88
6.34
8.01
9.87
11.9

5.71
7.42
9.40
11.6
14.0

1337
1448
1560
1671
1782

600 000
650 000
700 000
750 000
800 000

68.1
73.8
79.4
85.1
90.8

72.0
84.5
98.0
112.6
128

14.1
16.6
19.2
22.0
25.0

16.7
19.6
22.7
26.0
29.6

E.57

TABLE E4.1 Friction Loss for Water in Feet per 100 Ft of Pipe (Continued )
84 in ID

Steel
/D 0.0000214

Cast iron
/D 0.000571

Discharge
ft3 /s

gal/min

V (ft/s)

V 2 /2g (ft)

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

hf feet per 100


ft of pipe

6.68
8.91
11.14
13.4
15.6
17.8
20.1
22.3
26.7
31.2
35.6
40.1
44.6
55.7
66.8
78.0
89.1
100.2
111.4
134
156
178
201
223
267
312
356
401
446
557
668
780
891
1002
1114
1225
1337
1448
1560
1671
1782
1894
2005
2117
2228

3 000
4 000
5 000
6 000
7 000
8 000
9 000
10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000
20 000
25 000
30 000
35 000
40 000
45 000
50 000
60 000
70 000
80 000
90 000
100 000
120 000
140 000
160 000
180 000
200 000
250 000
300 000
350 000
400 000
450 000
500 000
550 000
600 000
650 000
700 000
750 000
800 000
850 000
900 000
950 000
1 000 000

0.174
0.232
0.289
0.347
0.405
0.463
0.521
0.579
0.695
0.811
0.926
1.042
1.16
1.45
1.74
2.03
2.32
2.61
2.89
3.47
4.05
4.63
5.21
5.79
6.95
8.11
9.26
10.42
11.6
14.5
17.4
20.3
23.2
26.1
28.9
31.8
34.7
37.6
40.5
43.4
46.3
49.2
52.1
55.0
57.9

0.000469
0.000833
0.00130
0.00188
0.00255
0.00333
0.00422
0.00521
0.00750
0.01021
0.0133
0.0169
0.0208
0.0326
0.0469
0.0638
0.0833
0.105
0.130
0.180
0.255
0.333
0.422
0.521
0.750
1.021
1.33
1.69
2.08
3.26
4.69
6.38
8.33
10.5
13.0
15.8
18.0
22.0
25.5
29.3
33.3
37.6
42.2
47.0
52.1

0.000121
0.000203
0.000306
0.000425
0.000562
0.000717
0.000891
0.00108
0.00150
0.00199
0.00255
0.00316
0.00384
0.00579
0.00810
0.0108
0.0139
0.0174
0.0212
0.0298
0.0398
0.0513
0.0640
0.0781
0.111
0.149
0.193
0.242
0.297
0.458
0.649
0.880
1.14
1.44
1.78
2.14
2.54
2.97
3.43
3.93
4.47
5.04
5.64
6.29
6.95

0.000122
0.000206
0.000309
0.000432
0.000573
0.000731
0.000910
0.00110
0.00154
0.00205
0.00262
0.00327
0.00400
0.00606
0.00858
0.0115
0.0148
0.0185
0.0226
0.0321
0.0431
0.0558
0.0700
0.0866
0.122
0.166
0.216
0.272
0.334
0.516
0.740
1.00
1.30
1.65
2.04
2.47
2.94
3.45
4.00
4.58
5.20
5.87
6.58
7.32
8.10

Note: No allowance has been made for age, differences in diameter, or any abnormal condition of
interior surface. Any factor of safety must be estimated from the local conditions and the requirements
of each particular installation.
Source: Friction loss, hf , is derived from Darcy-Weisbach equations. (Hydraulic Institute Engineering
Data Book, Table IIIB-4).

E.58