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Order this document by MC3362/D


 
 
 
. . . includes dual FM conversion with oscillators, mixers, quadrature
discriminator, and meter drive/carrier detect circuitry. The MC3362 also has LOW–POWER
buffered first and second local oscillator outputs and a comparator circuit for DUAL CONVERSION
FSK detection.
FM RECEIVER
• Complete Dual Conversion Circuitry
• Low Voltage: VCC = 2.0 to 6.0 Vdc SEMICONDUCTOR
• Low Drain Current (3.6 mA (Typical) @ VCC = 3.0 Vdc) TECHNICAL DATA
• Excellent Sensitivity: Input Voltage 0.6 µVrms (Typical)
for 12 dB SINAD
• Externally Adjustable Carrier Detect Function
• Low Number of External Parts Required
P SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
• Manufactured Using Motorolais MOSAICr Process Technology CASE 724
• MC13135 is Preferred for New Designs

DW SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
CASE 751E
(SO-24L)

Figure 2. Pin Connections and


Figure 1. Simplified Application in a PLL Frequency Representative Block Diagram
Synthesized Receiver
RF Input
to 200 MHz 1st Mixer Input 1 24 1st Mixer Input
Figure 2. X
2nd LO Output 2 23 Varicap Control

Input 2nd LO Emitter 3 22 1st LO Tank


Match
0.01 2nd LO Base 4 21 1st LO Tank
VCC 1 24 From PLL Phase
120 pF
Detector 2nd Mixer Output 5 X 20 1st LO Output
2 23
0.01 VCC 6 19 1st Mixer Output
50 pF 3 22
10.245 MHz 0.41 µH
4 21 Limiter Input 7 18 2nd Mixer Input

Ceramic Filter 5 20 To PLL or Prescaler Limiter


8 17 2nd Mixer Input
455 kHz MC3362 Decoupling
6 19 Ceramic Filter Limiter
9 16 VEE
10.7 MHz Decoupling
7 18
Meter Drive 10 15 Comparator Output
8 17 1.0 +
0.1 0.1 Carrier Detect 11 14 Comparator Input
9 16
10 k 0.1 Quadrature Coil 12 X 13 Detector Output
0.1 10 15
200 k
Data VCC
11 14
10 k To Carrier 0.001
Detect 12 13 Recovered ORDERING INFORMATION
Indicator 39 K 8.2 k 0.01 Audio
Operating
Lp = 680 µH Device Temperature Range Package
Cp = 180 pF
MC3362DW SO–24L
TA = – 40 to +85°C
MC3362P Plastic DIP

 Motorola, Inc. 1995

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 1


MC3362

MAXIMUM RATING (TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted)


Rating Pin Symbol Value Unit
Power Supply Voltage (See Figure 2) 6 VCC(max) 7.0 Vdc
Operating Supply Voltage Range (Recommended) 6 VCC 2.0 to 6.0 Vdc
Input Voltage (VCC q 5.0 Vdc) 1, 24 V1–24 1.0 Vrms
Junction Temperature – TJ 150 °C
Operating Ambient Temperature Range – TA – 40 to + 85 °C
Storage Temperature Range – Tstg – 65 to + 150 °C

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 5.0 Vdc, fo = 49.7 MHz, Deviation = 3.0 kHz, TA = 25°C, Test Circuit of Figure 3,
unless otherwise noted)
Characteristic Pin Min Typ Max Units
Drain Current (Carrier Detect Low – See Figure 5) 6 – 4.5 7.0 mA
Input for – 3.0 dB Limiting – 0.7 2.0 µVrms
Input for 12 dB SINAD (See Figure 9) – 0.6 – µVrms
Series Equivalent Input Impedence – 450–j350 – Ω
Recovered Audio (RF signal level = 10 mV) 13 – 350 – mVrms
Noise Output (RF signal level = 0 mV) 13 – 250 – mVrms
Carrier Detect Threshold (below VCC) 10 – 0.64 – Vdc
Meter Drive Slope 10 – 100 – nA/dB
Input for 20 dB (S + N)/N (See Figure 7) – 0.7 – µVrms
First Mixer 3rd Order Intercept (Input) – –22 – dBm
First Mixer Input Resistance (Rp) – 690 – Ω
First Mixer Input Capacitance (Cp) – 7.2 – pF
Conversion Voltage Gain, First Mixer – 18 – dB
Conversion Voltage Gain, Second Mixer – 21 –
Dector Output Resistance 13 – 1.4 – kΩ

Figure 3. Test Circuit


RF Ferronics
Input 12–345–K

50 Ω
1 24
2:6 0.01
120 pF
2 23
10.245 50 pF 3 22 10.5 Turns
MHz 33 pF Coilcraft
4 21 UNI–10/142
5 20
FL1:
FL1 MC3362
6 19 muRata CFU455D
FL2 or
7 18 Toko LFC–4551
0.1
8 17
0.1 FL2:
68 kΩ 9 16 muRata SFE10.7MA
10 15 or
0.1 Toko SK107M3–A0–10
180 pF 11 14
12 13

1.0 µF
Toko RMC–2A6597HM +
VCC VEE

NOTE: See AN980 for Additional Design Information.

2 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC3362

Figure 5. Drain Current, Recovered Audio


Figure 4. IMeter versus Input versus Supply
12 8.0 800
11 VCC
7.0 700
10 10 ICC, Carr. Det. Low (RF in = 10 mV)
A MC3362 6.0 600
9.0
5.0 ICC, Carr. Det. High (RF in = 0 mV) 500

V13 (mVrms)
8.0

I CC (mA)
I10 ( µ A)

7.0 4.0 400


6.0 3.0 300
5.0 Recovered Audio
2.0 200
4.0
3.0 1.0 100

2.0 0 0
– 130 – 120 – 110 – 100 – 90 – 80 – 70 – 60 – 50 – 40 – 30 0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0
RF INPUT (dBm) VCC (V)

Figure 6. Signal Levels Figure 7. S + N, N, AMR versus Input


30 20
20 10
S+N
10 0
0 – 10
S + N, N, AMR (dB)

Second Mixer Output


– 10 – 20
POWER (dBm)

First Mixer Output


– 20 – 30
Second Mixer Input S + N 30% AM
– 30 – 40
– 40 – 50 MC3362 13 10 k N
First Mixer Input 10 k
– 50 – 60
0.01 0.01
– 60 – 70
RF Input to Transformer
– 70 – 80
– 130 – 120 – 110 – 100 – 90 – 80 – 70 – 60 – 50 – 40 – 30 – 130 – 120 – 110 – 100 – 90 – 80 – 70 – 60 – 50 – 40 – 30
RF INPUT (dBm) RF INPUT (dBm)

Figure 8. 1st Mixer 3rd Order Intermodulation Figure 9. Detector Output versus Frequency
20 4.0
10
0
3.0
– 10
– 20
V13 (Vdc)

– 30 2.0
dB

– 40
Desired Products
– 50 3rd Order Intermod.
1.0
– 60 Products
– 70
– 80 0
– 100 – 90 – 80 – 70 – 60 – 50 – 40 – 30 – 20 – 10 0 – 40 – 30 – 20 – 10 0 10 20 30 40
RF INPUT (dBm) RELATIVE INPUT FREQUENCY (kHz)

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 3


MC3362

Figure 10. PC Board Test Circuit


(LC Oscillator Configuration Used in PLL Synthesized Receiver)

RF Input 18 p 1000 p
49.67 MHz 1 24
50 Ω 0.01
0.47 µ
p p VCC)
Varactor Control
2 23 (keep 0.7 V V23
0.01
VCC = 2.0 to 7.0 Vdc (This network must be tuned to exactly
3 22 10.7 MHz above or below the incoming
120 p 50 p 33 p 0.41 µ RF signal.
4 21 NOTE: The IF is rolled off above 10.7
MHz to reduce L.O. feedthrough.)
10.245, Fund. Mode
32 pF Load First Local Oscillator
5 20 Buffered Output
455 kHz CRF1 VCC 3.0 k
Cer. Filt. CRF1 = muRata CFU 455X – the X
6 19
to VCC suffix denotes 6.0 dB bandwidth.
CRF2 Rin = Rout = 1.5 to 2.0 kΩ.
7 18
10.7 MHz
0.1 Cer. Filt. CRF2 = muRata SFA10.7 MF5 or
8 17
SFE10.7 or equivalent. Rin = Rout
0.1 0.1 = 330 Ω . Crystal filters can be
0.1 1 used but impedance matching will
9 16
100 k need to be added to ensure proper
51 k filter characteristics are realized.
10 15
CD Adjust 10 k
10 k –+ FSK Data Output
11 14 (optional)
Carrier
Detect 0.001
39 k Recovered
12 13 Audio
8.2 k 0.01
455 kHz
LC Resonator (MC3362)

Figure 10A. Crystal Oscillator Configuration for Single Channel Application

23
Crystal used is series mode resonant
(no load capacity specified), 3rd overtone.
This method has not proven adequate for
MC3362

20 k
22 fundamental mode, 5th or 7th overtone crystals.
0.68 µ The inductor and capacitor will need to be
300 VCC changed for other frequency crystals. See
AN980 for further information.
21
0.68 µ 20 k
38.97 MHz

4 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC3362

Figure 11. Component Placement View


Showing Crystal Oscillator Circuit Figure 11A. LC Oscillator Component View
INPUT

.41 µH

.01

.01
8

CONTROL
7

.01
.01
.47 µH .68

CONTROL
µH

1Kp
18p

MC3362P
Vcc

120p

50p
.68
10.245MHz µH

330
XT
39 MHz

10.7 MHz

33p
.1 XT

CF
CF
1.
455KHz .1

10K

10K
CARRIER

.1
DETECT

3K
100K
2 .1 3

L.O.OUT
.047

10.7MHz
51K 2

CF
10K 2
8.2 K

10K
1
68K 3 1
.01
GND

3K
4
TOKO
55VLC06379GT

L.O.OUT
.047
5 3 1

.2K
METER
DRIVE DATA REC. AUDIO

NOTES: 1. Recovered Audio components may be deleted when using 5. Meter Drive cannot be used simultaneously with Carrier Detect output.
data output. For analog meter drive, remove components labelled ″2″ and measure
2. Carrier Detect components must be deleted in order to obtain meter current (4–12 µA) through ammeter to VCC.
linear Meter Drive output. With these components in place the 6. Either type of oscillator circuit may be used with any output circuit
Meter Drive outputs serve only to trip the Carrier Detect indicator. configuration.
3. Data Output components should be deleted in applications 7. LC Oscillator Coil: Coilcraft UNI 10/42 10.5 turns, 0.41 µH Crystal
where only audio modulation is used. For combined audio/data Oscillator circuit: trim coil, 0.68 µH. Coilcraft M1287–A.
applications, the 0.047 µF coupling capacitor will add distortion 8. 0.47 H, Coilcraft M1286–A. Input LC network used to match first mixer
to the audio, so a pull–down resistor at pin 13 may be required. input impedance to 50 Ω .
4. Use Toko 7MC81282 Quadrature coil.

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION APPLICATIONS INFORMATION


The MC3362 is a complete FM narrowband receiver from The first local oscillator can be run using a free–running
antenna input to audio preamp output. The low voltage dual LC tank, as a VCO using PLL synthesis, or driven from an
conversion design yields low power drain, excellent external crystal oscillator. It has been run to 190 MHz.* A
sensitivity and good image rejection in narrowband voice and buffered output is available at Pin 20. The second local
data link applications. oscillator is a common base Colpitts type which is typically
In the typical application (Figure 1), the first mixer run at 10.245 MHz under crystal control. A buffered output is
amplifies the signal and converts the RF input to 10.7 MHz. available at Pin 2. Pins 2 and 3 are interchangeable.
This IF signal is filtered externally and fed into the second The mixers are doubly balanced to reduce spurious
mixer, which further amplifies the signal and converts it to a responses. The first and second mixers have conversion
455 kHz IF signal. After external bandpass filtering, the low IF gains of 18 dB and 22 dB (typical), respectively, as seen in
is fed into the limiting amplifier and detection circuitry. The Figure 6. Mixer gain is stable with respect to supply voltage.
audio is recovered using a conventional quadrature detector. For both conversions, the mixer impedances and pin layout
Twice–IF filtering is provided internally. are designed to allow the user to employ low cost, readily
The input signal level is monitored by meter drive circuitry available ceramic filters. Overall sensitivity and AM rejection
which detects the amount of limiting in the limiting amplifier. are shown in Figure 7. The input level for 20 dB (S + N)/N is
The voltage at the meter drive pin determines the state of the 0.7 µV using the two–pole post–detection filter pictured.
carrier detect output, which is active low.
* If the first local oscillator (Pins 21 and/or 22) is driven from a
strong external source (100 mVrms), the mixer can be used to
over 450 MHz.

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 5


MC3362
Following the first mixer, a 10.7 MHz ceramic band–pass to ensure data integrity and avoid adjacent channel “splatter.”
filter is recommended. The 10.7 MHz filtered signal is then Hysteresis is available by connecting a high valued resistor
fed into one second mixer input pin, the other input pin being from Pin 15 to Pin 14. Values below 120 kΩ are not
connected to VCC. Pin 6 (VCC) is treated as a common point recommended as the input signal cannot overcome the
for emitter–driven signals. hysteresis.
The 455 kHz IF is typically filtered using a ceramic The meter drive circuitry detects input signal level by
bandpass filter then fed into the limiter input pin. The limiter monitoring the limiting amplifier stages. Figure 4 shows the
has 10 µV sensitivity for – 3.0 dB limiting, flat to 1.0 MHz. unloaded current at Pin 10 versus input power. The meter
The output of the limiter is internally connected to the drive current can be used directly (RSSI) or can be used to
quadrature detector, including a quadrature capacitor. A trip the carrier detect circuit at a specified input power. To do
parallel LC tank is needed externally from Pin 12 to VCC. A 39 this, pick an RF trip level in dBm. Read the corresponding
kΩ shunt resistance is included which determines the peak current from Figure 4 and pick a resistor such that:
separation of the quadrature detector; a smaller value will
increase the spacing and linearity but decrease recovered
R10 '0.64 Vdc / I10
audio and sensitivity. Hysteresis is available by connecting a high valued resistor
A data shaping circuit is available and can be coupled to RH between Pins 10 and 11. The formula is:
the recovered audio output of Pin 13. The circuit is a Hysteresis = VCC/(RH x 10 – 7 ) dB
comparator which is designed to detect zero crossings of
FSK modulation. Data rates are typically limited to 1200 baud

Figure 12. Circuit Side View

INPUT
MC3362P
CONTROL

VCC
CARRIER
DETECT

4I
L.O. OUT

GND

METER
REC. AUDIO DATA DRIVE

4I

6 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


Figure 13. Representative Schematic Diagram

23

400 400 Ω
1.0 1.0 kΩ 6 VCC Ω
kΩ

100 Ω 1.4 kΩ
4 5
20
21 bias 1 24 3 17
18

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


2

bias

10
12 11
MC3362

7
2.0 kΩ
8
9 15
bias bias
13 14

bias
16
VEE

7
MC3362

OUTLINE DIMENSIONS

P SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
–A– CASE 724–03
ISSUE D NOTES:
1. CHAMFERED CONTOUR OPTIONAL.
24 13 2. DIMENSION L TO CENTER OF LEADS WHEN
–B– FORMED PARALLEL.
1 12 3. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
4. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.

L INCHES MILLIMETERS
C DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
A 1.230 1.265 31.25 32.13
B 0.250 0.270 6.35 6.85
C 0.145 0.175 3.69 4.44
–T– K NOTE 1
D 0.015 0.020 0.38 0.51
SEATING E 0.050 BSC 1.27 BSC
PLANE N M F 0.040 0.060 1.02 1.52
E
G 0.100 BSC 2.54 BSC
G F J 24 PL J 0.007 0.012 0.18 0.30
K 0.110 0.140 2.80 3.55
D 24 PL
0.25 (0.010) M T B M
L 0.300 BSC 7.62 BSC
M 0_ 15_ 0_ 15_
0.25 (0.010) M T A M
N 0.020 0.040 0.51 1.01

DW SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
–A– CASE 751E–04
NOTES:
(SO-24L) 1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
24 13 ISSUE E Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETER.
3. DIMENSIONS A AND B DO NOT INCLUDE
MOLD PROTRUSION.
4. MAXIMUM MOLD PROTRUSION 0.15 (0.006)
–B– 12X P PER SIDE.
5. DIMENSION D DOES NOT INCLUDE DAMBAR
0.010 (0.25) M B M
PROTRUSION. ALLOWABLE DAMBAR
PROTRUSION SHALL BE 0.13 (0.005) TOTAL IN
1 12 EXCESS OF D DIMENSION AT MAXIMUM
MATERIAL CONDITION.

MILLIMETERS INCHES
24X D J DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
0.010 (0.25) M T A S B S A 15.25 15.54 0.601 0.612
B 7.40 7.60 0.292 0.299
C 2.35 2.65 0.093 0.104
F D 0.35 0.49 0.014 0.019
F 0.41 0.90 0.016 0.035
R X 45 _ G 1.27 BSC 0.050 BSC
J 0.23 0.32 0.009 0.013
K 0.13 0.29 0.005 0.011
C M 0_ 8_ 0_ 8_
P 10.05 10.55 0.395 0.415
–T– R 0.25 0.75 0.010 0.029
SEATING M
PLANE 22X G K

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the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does Motorola assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit,
and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters can and do vary in different
applications. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. Motorola does
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*MC3362/D*
8 ◊ MC3362/D
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA