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CVEN1300 Engineering Mechanics S1 2013, Tutorial 1 Dynamics

Problems 1 to 4 - Will be solved by the tutors Problems 5 to 8 - Need to be solved during the tutorial class Problems 9 to 12 - Homework Assignment to be submitted next week to your tutor

The two fundamental equations are

v

ds dt

,

a

dv dt

A third useful equation derived from the above two is

vdv sda

Basic knowledge of calculus is required in solving problems in dynamics. It is covered in any textbook

on Engineering Mathematics, for example: J. Bird (2007) Engineering Mathematics, Newnes, 5 th edition

Problem 1

Problem 2

Problem 13.3 In an experiment to estimate the acceleration due to gravity, a student drops a ball at a

distance of 1 m above the floor. His lab partner measures the time it takes to fall and obtains an estimate of 0.46 s.

a) What do they estimate the acceleration due to gravity to be?

b) Let s be the ball’s position relative to the floor. Using the value of the acceleration due to gravity that they obtained, and assuming that the ball is released at t = 0, determine s (in m) as a function of time.

Problem 3

Problem 13.13 The Porsche starts from rest at time t = 0. During the first 10 seconds of its motion, its velocity in km/h is given as a function of time by v = 22.8t 0.88t 2 , where t is in seconds.

a) What is the car’s maximum acceleration in m/s 2 , and when does it occur?

b) What distance in km does the car travel during the 10 seconds?

Problem 4

Problem 13.19 Suppose that a missile lifts off from the ground and, because it becomes lighter as its fuel is expended, its acceleration (in g’s) is given as a function of time in seconds by

What is the missile’s velocity in kilometres per hour 1s after lift-off?

Problem 5

Problem 13.23 In September, 2003, Tony Schumacher started from rest and drove 402 km in 4.498 seconds in a National Hot Rod Association race. His speed as he crossed the finish line was 528 km/h. Assume that the car’s acceleration can be expressed by a linear function of time a = b + ct.

a) Determine the constants b and c.

b) What was the car’s speed 2 s after the start of the race?

Problem 6

Problem 13.30 The car is traveling at 48 km/h when the traffic light 90 m ahead turns yellow. The driver takes 1 s to react before he applies the accelerator. If the car has a constant acceleration of 2 m/s 2 and the light remains yellow for 5 s, will the car reach the light before it turns red? How fast is the car moving when it reaches the light?

Problem 7

Problem 13.33 A race car starts from rest and accelerates at a = 5 + 2t m/s 2 for 10 seconds. The brakes

are then applied, and the car has a constant acceleration a = −30 m/s 2 until it comes to rest. Determine

a) the maximum velocity,

b) the total distance travelled;

c) the total time of travel.

Problem 8

Problem 13.41 An engineer designing a system to control a router for a machining process models the system so that the router’s acceleration (in cm/s2) during an interval of time is given by a = −0.4v, where v is the velocity of the router in cm/s. When t = 0, the position is s = 0 and the velocity is v =2 cm/s. What is the position at t = 3 s?

Problem 9

Problem 13.52 A car’s acceleration is related to its position by a = 0.01s m/s 2 . When s = 100 m, the car is moving at 12 m/s. How fast is the car moving when s = 420 m?

Problem 10

Problem 13.53 Engineers analysing the motion of a linkage determine that the velocity of an attachment point is given by v = A + 4s 2 m/s, where A is a constant. When s = 2 m, its acceleration is measured and determined to be a = 320 m/s 2 . What is its velocity of the point when s = 2 m?

Problem 11

Problem 12