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OLIVE POMACE OPPORTUNITIES IN THE ENERGY FIELD

Dr.Kostas KONSTANTINOU,RegionalEnergyAgencyofCentralMacedoniaANATOLIKI S.A, email:reacm@anatoliki.gr,http:www.anatoliki.gr Tel.+302310463930

InGreece
Olive cultivation is one of the largest and most important Greek agricultural sectors, with national annual olive oil production about 400.000 t. Olive pomace oil potential is estimated based on the assumption that olive pomace oil is production is about 8% of the olive oil production (32.000tn)

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The majority of the olive oil extraction mills use the three-phase extraction technology system (Aprox. 3,2% uses the traditional extraction system, 2,4% uses the 2-phase system & 94.4% uses the 3-phase system).

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In the Island of Crete, exist ten (10) operational pomace oil refineries and the overall processed virgin pomace amount is estimated at 200.000tn annually with small fluctuations from season to season. From this quantity, 100.000tn depleted pomace is produced of which aprox. 50% is being consumed in the refineries as fuel and the rest is sold to the local market at a relatively low price (50 /t). By comparing energy cost for heating, olive pomace has a significant advantage over diesel as the heat content per Euro is 15.454 kcal/ for heating diesel (market price 0,60 /L) and 81.020 kcal/ for olive pomace.
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THE OLIVE CHAIN IN GREECE

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OliveMills
Virginpomace
15 /tn

Pomace oilRefineries
50 60/tn

Virgin pomace Drying phase

Dried pomace Pomace oil extraction

Exhausted pomace

Water Heating

Exhausted pomace

Exhausted pomace GREENHOUSEHEATING,ALCOHOLICBEVERAGE BOILERS,SPACEHEATING,BAKERIESetch

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In Greece at old times pulp was used as animal feed and for this reason pomace oil refineries were separating the pit from the pulp after the pomace oil extraction. Nowadays pulp which isnt used as feed, is burned with the pit. In Spain the separation of pit from pulp is taking place after the olive oil extraction this is due to the fact they use decanters which in Greece are considered as expensive for their small production in comparison with Spain.

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Abea is a 120 years olive oil industry located at Chania, in the island of Crete. The industry sells besides olive oil, pomace oil, olive soaps and depleted pomace

Abeas pomace refinery is the 1st in Greece which used depleted pomace as a fuel

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At the pomace oil refinery virgin pomace is dried and the moisture content is reduced from 50% to ~12%

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~50% of the depleted pomace produced is used during the drying phase of virgin pomace. 31% is used at the drier and 19% for the production of steam

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After the drying phase a solvent is used in order to extract pomace oil from the pomace. The price for pomace oil is 650/tn

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This final product contains: pulp, pits and humidity ~12% In the market this product can be found with several names such as: olive kernel wood, exhausted pomace or depleted pomace.

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Pomace oil refineries are energy autonomous Total thermal energy consumption: 150*10 ^9 Kcal Total electricity consumption: 2*10^9 Kcal Thermal: 98,8% Electical: 1,2%

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The final product has an energy content of 3.500-4.000 kcal/kg, (16 MJ/kg), (4,4 kWh/kg). The refineries in the island of Crete produce annually ~100.000tn depleted pomace. Equals to 350*10^9 Kcal

The available amount of depleted pomace to enter the market is ~57.000 tn Equals to 200*10^9 Kcal

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ALFA WOOD Pindos LOCATION: GREVENA PRODUCT: MEDIUM-DENSITY FIBREBOARD (MDF) BIOMASS SOLID FUEL: WOOD WASTE OIL BOILER TOTAL THERMAL POWER : 7,5 MWth & 10 MWth HEAT EXCHANGERS : OIL-STEAM 12 tn/h, 18 bar THERMAL OIL OUTPUT TEMPERATURE: 270 C ANNUAL ENERGY SAVING : 6.000 tn FUEL OIL ()
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OPERATION YEAR: March 2006

Storing SILOS

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FUEL FEED

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Burning Chamber

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Drier

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Boiler room

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Biomass Boilers

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Boiler room equipment

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Bag type filters

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Visual Control System PLC-SCADA Boiler 1 (7,5 MWth)

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Visual Control System PLC-SCADA Boiler 2 (10 MWth)

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Visual Control System SCADA


Exhaust gases cleaning system

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CHP graph ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE (ORC)

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ORC Unit

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ALFA WOOD NEUROKOPI

LOCATION: DRAMA PRODUCT: PELLETS & COLOURED WOOD CHIPS BIOMASS SOLID FUEL: WOOD WASTE BURNER TOTAL THERMAL POWER : 7,5 MWth

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General view of the plant

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Fuel Feed

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Burning chamber

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Burning chamber

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Burner

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Thank you All


Dr.Kostas KONSTANTINOU Technical Director Irene TSAKIRIDOU Dipl.Mechanical Engineer Regional Energy Agency of Central MacedoniaANATOLIKI S.A

Info regarding the biomass implementations were kindly provided by N.ACH.PHILIPPOPOULOS a company which designs and constructs industrial units for the energy utilization of Biomass, with 33 years of specialist experience and more than 100 executed projects. www.nphilippopoulos.gr, www.biomass.com.gr , www.solidwaste.eu , www.biomass-technology.eu