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Plain & Reinforced Concrete-I

Lab Manual

Job No. 4: Determination of the Aggregate Impact Value of Different Coarse Aggregate Samples. Code: IS-2386 (Part 4) & BS 812 4.1 Scope & Significance: The aggregate impact value gives a relative measure of the toughness or the resistance of aggregate sudden shock or impact and is not proportional to the resistance against a slowly applied compressive load. Objective is to: I. II. To determine the impact value of Aggregates. To assess their suitability in road construction on the basis of impact value.

4.2 Apparatus: Coarse Aggregates from various sources. Impact Testing Machine: o Cylindrical Metal Measure (75mm diameter, 50mm height) o Tamping Rod (circular x-section, 10mm diameter and 230mm long, rounded at one end) o Hammer (Weight 13.5 to 14 kg) o Steel Cup (102mm internal diameter and 50mm height) Sieves (BS , 3/8, 7) Balance (Capacity not less than 500gm with accuracy not less than 0.1gm) Oven (constant temperature between 1000C to1100C)

4.3 Related Theory: The test sample shall consist of aggregates the whole of which passes through 1/2 in BS test sieve (12.5mm) and is retained on a 3/8 in BS test sieve (10mm). The aggregate comprising the test sample shall be dried in an oven for a period of four hours at a temperature of 100-110C and cooled. The measure shall be filled about one-third full with the aggregate and gives 25 tamping rod. A further similar quantity of aggregate shall be added and a further 25 tamping given to the second and to the last layer 25 tamping shall again be given and the surplus aggregate struck off using the tamping to as a straight-edge. The net weight of aggregate in the measure shall be determined to the nearest gram (weight A) and this weight shall be used for the duplicate test on the same material.

Plain & Reinforced Concrete-I

Lab Manual

4.4 Procedure: The impact machine shall test so that it is rigid and hammer guide columns are vertical. The cup shall be fixed firmly in position on the base of the machine and the whole of the test sample placed in it and compacted by a single tamping of 25 strokes of the tamping rod. The hammer shall be raised until its lower face is 15in above from the upper surface of the aggregate in the cup, and allowed to fall freely on the aggregate. The test sample shall be subjected to a total 15 such blows each being delivered at an interval of not less than one second. The crushed aggregate shall then be removed from the cup and the whole of it sieved on No. 7 BS. Sieve until no further significant amount passes. The fraction passing the sieve shall be weighted to an accuracy of 0.1 gram (weight B). The fraction retained on the sieve shall also be weighed (weight C), and if the total weight B + C is less than the initial weight (weight A) by more than 1gm the result shall be discarded and a fresh test made. Two tests shall be made. 4.5 Calculations: The ratio of the weight of fines formed to the total sample weight in each test shall be expressed as a percentage, the result being recorded to the first decimal place. Aggregate Impact Value = Where; A = Weight of Oven Dried Sample B = Weight of fraction passing B.S. sieve No. 7 Mean of the three tests (rounded to near whole No.) is reported as AIV. 4.6 Limits: < 10% 1020% 2030% > 35% Exceptionally strong Strong Satisfactory for road surfacing Weak for road surfacing.

4.7 Observations & Calculations:

Plain & Reinforced Concrete-I

Lab Manual

Cup Diameter = Weight of hammer = Depth of Cup = Drop Height = Empty Weight of Cup (W1) gm Weight of Sample & Cup (W2) gm Weight of Sample (A = W2- W1) gm Weight of Sample Passing BS #7 (B) gm Impact Value = %

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Type of Crush

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