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Okanagan Energy Sustainability Ideas

By George Wiseman, written February 2011 On 12-Jan-11, at 3:30 PM, Natalie Webb wrote: Dear George and Tenaj, We will be starting to interview this up-coming Monday for the Sustainability book we are writing as part of a Service Canada environmental youth employment program. Our sections are Home, Work Play, with subsections such as Air, Water, Land, Transportation, food, clothing, products, furniture, electronics. How about a section for Energy? We are looking for innovative tips and practical solutions that we all can implement to contribute to a greener future. I know that you two are an excellent resource that would be great to be a part of this book. Would you be interested in sharing any ideas? If so, will you please take a look at your January schedule and let me know when you can be interviewed between the hours of 9 and 3:30 during the week? There will be a release form that includes a contact information that ensures that any contributors will have final say before their input is included in the book. Also, do you know any green experts who might also want to be in the book? Thank you very much, Natalie Webb Sustainability Innovator Sustainable Choices/ONE George Wisemanʼs contribution PO Box 21017 Penticton, BC V2A 8K8 250-492-7400 George is 52 years old

I (George Wiseman) am an inventor of a spectrum of energy efficiency technologies, since 1984. I consult with clients worldwide, to help them implement technologies that reduce the amount of fuel needed and/or to develop/implement means to gather energy from their local environment. Examples of my achievements are: 1. Several means to substantially reduce fuel consumption (and pollution) of vehicles, while maintaining full power and performance. Examples are my Carburetor Enhancer Method, HyCO 2A, HyCO 2DT, HyZor Technology and various Combustion Enhancement Interface Technologies (CEIT) like the Electronic Fuel Injection Enhancer (EFIE), MAP Enhancer(s), Electronic Diverter (ED) and true Deceleration Fuel Shutoff technologies.

2. The worldʼs most efficient and practical electrolyzer (split water into hydrogen and oxygen) technology, with several developed applications that businesses and people can use to reduce energy expenses. 3. Simple, inexpensive technique to ʻstoreʼ excess power into the utility Grid; instead of having large batteries. 4. Simple, inexpensive battery charger that will recharge batteries normally left for dead. In addition to my repertoire of innovations, my recommendations below promote energy efficiency, security, environmental compatibility and independence from outside influences. Fuel costs will continue to rise, so the more fuel the Okanagan can create from itʼs local resources is that much less weʼll be dependent on outside influences (over which we have no control) and that much more we can help over-all environmental and economic sustainability.

1. Bio-Fuel Bio-Fuel is easy to make as small (home) projects or large (municipal) projects. 1a. Alcohol. The Okanagan has huge alcohol potential in just the waste products of agriculture. Massive amounts of fruit are discarded as sub-standard and/or spoiled and/or not even picked from the bushes/vines/trees (whole orchards are sometimes not harvested because of owner illness, etc.). The various fruit processing industries (like wine-making) have byproducts that can be used to make fuel-alcohol, animal feed and compost. The expertise to do this already exists in the Valley, with courses taught in the Okanagan College. Alcohol can be used directly in vehicles designed to use it. Alcohol can be added (about 5%) to gasoline and diesel with minimal side effects. Alcohol can be used to make bio-diesel (see below). Alcohol can also be electrolyzed to produce hydrogen and carbon dioxide; thus alcohol could be a storage ʻfuelʼ for a hydrogen powered home or vehicle. This technique could also provide hydrogen supplementation (for better combustion) for gasoline or diesel vehicles. 1b. Bio-Diesel. The making of Bio-Diesel requires alcohol, lye (NaOH) and bio-oil (from vegetable or animal waste). All these ingredients are locally available. Vegetable oil is easiest to acquire from local restaurants (who currently PAY to have it taken away). Alcohol can be made from various waste as already described. Lye can be made from wood ashes (as it was during the pioneer days). There are lots of sources for wood to burn, including yearly trimmings from orchards. Enough Bio-Diesel could be produced in this manner to fuel all the municipal busses, including school busses. Bio-Diesel is 100% compatible in existing diesel powered engines with zero modification.

1c. Bio-Gas

Bio-Gas is largely a mixture of Natural Gas and carbon monoxide. It can be created with anaerobic digestion of almost any bio-mass. Such bio-digesters are easy to build and are being used world-wide (in China, they have been used for decades). The heating value of bio-gas can be enhanced with the addition of small amounts of hydrogen, which is easily produced in various ways, such as the electrolysis of urine, since the sewage would already be used in the digester. Most cities have centralized sewage facilities. It would be a simple matter to convert them from the current aerobic technology (which wastes carbon as carbon dioxide) to anaerobic, thus maximizing the volume of Bio-Gas production. Currently, in most of North America, the small amount of Bio-Gas that is produced in waste facilities is just burned off into the air (not even used to power a generator to make electricity like they do in Europe). The solids that come out of the bio-digester are an excellent fertilizer for non-human consumption crops and/or fruit orchards Bio-Gas can be pressurized and used in city vehicles (converted to run on Natural Gas) and/or be used to power generators (to feed electricity into the Grid) and/or be put into the municipal Natural Gas pipelines to help heat local buildings and homes (reducing the need for outside Natural Gas). Another type of Bio-Gas is ʻwood-gasʼ You can make a combustible gas out of nearly anything that can be pyrolyzed. 1d. Garbage There are several fuel from garbage technologies. One example is pyrolysis, where a feedstock (which can be nearly any kind of biomass or garbage, including plastics and used tires) is heated (in an oxygen-depleted chamber) to over 500°F, producing a mixture of combustible gas and liquid. After the feedstock is ʻtreatedʼ, the resulting char has many uses, including fertilizer. Metal can be separated and recycled. The bio-mass can (should) go into a digester to make Bio-Gas. Most cities waste a huge volume of potential energy by using garbage as landfill. Landfill sites are always an issue for cities to deal with; pyrolysis, along with a digester, a good recycle and composting program can substantially reduce the need for a landfill site while providing the city with needed energy. Of course, individuals can build home units too, making them more energy self-sufficient and reducing the demand on the cityʼs ʻgarbageʼ removal system.
Pyrolysis with microwaves. Roger R. Ruan, Dept. of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, 1390 Eckles Ave., St. Paul, Minneapolis, 55108 PH 612-625-1710

1e. Bio-Mass Lots of businesses and cities simply burn bio-mass to drive steam generators. The ashes can be used to make lye for Bio-Diesel production and the waste of that makes excellent fertilizer.

2. Solar Energy

because of thermal currents it would create. Iʼd say that they should be upgraded to allow the salmon easier means to bypass them. One example is my ʻFlapperʼ design. changing the temperature of one liter of water by one degree Celsius is 4. environmental and economic sustainability. There is a technology that uses the difference in temperature between water and air (or solar heated water and cooling by evaporation) to create electricity. 3. There are many mountain streams that can be dammed (as the beavers used to do) and used to generate electricity. Micro-generation power plants help create a diversified electrical Grid. after watching the salmon run. Hydro Energy Penticton has it's own electrical utility. I would suggest the Okanagan implement a similar project.As Canadaʼs only desert and having few cloudy days. 2a. To give an idea of the power potential. There are several dams on the rivers that could generate power (as well as their current use of controlling lake water levels). which allow the fish to swim right through them with no injury. Reduces the extent of power outages and reduces the need to upgrade the existing power lines. Although. This type of power generation works well in summer heat and winter cold. 3d. a municipal reservoir or a lake and will operate with minimal environmental impact (burns NO fuel). . the technology is cost effective even on a household size. using decades old. putting money into the economy and ultimately will reduce the need for energy from foreign sources. There are many technologies available for gathering solar heat to use for heating domestic water. I can think of a couple of designs of fish ladders and even a fish pump that would work to help them get to their spawning grounds. A diversified Grid reduces the need (and energy losses) of transmitting energy over long distances. There are several technologies that use turbines mounted right in the river flow. 3a. simple techniques (like ammonia and salt)… hot water can be used to create ʻcoldʼ for air conditioning and refrigeration. The hotter and/or colder the weather gets. the Okanagan has significant Solar power potential. 3b.184 joules of potential heat energy (> than 42 times the energy) and the water STAYS IN THE LAKE. This is particularly helpful in the summer to offset the huge load that air-conditioners have on the electrical Grid.80 per kWh they generate and feed into the Grid. AND there are several technologies that can use the energy in hot water to create electricity. It is putting a lot of people to work (as installers). This MicroFit program essentially ʻrentsʼ the roofs of homes to install solar photovoltaic panels. Okanagan Hydro-Power could be expanded in several ways. consider this: Dropping a liter of water 10 meters (the height of a typical dam) develops a potential kinetic energy of 98 joules. These projects can be done on a home basis and/or as municipal projects. at the same time as promoting local energy security. 2b. In fact. Ontario has implemented a program that pays people $0. lake eco-systems could be enhanced as nutrients are brought up from the depths. This type of system can be mounted in a river (under the gravel so it is invisible). the more electricity such a power-plant can generate. sharing a Grid with dams in the Kootenays. This can reduce heating costs by 30%. 3c. Further.

would be an effective solution. there is enough general expertise in the population to implement this type of technology (the reverse of heat pumps) in both homes and as municipal projects. 5b. is reasonably priced and simply hasnʼt been used because the energy monopolies have suppressed it. called NegaWatts. Grey water Grey water technology is being used around the world to reuse water that would normally be wastedʼ. Wind Energy Wind energy potential increases with height. to maintain our standard of living. Again.This LTPC technology is over 100 years old. The advantage is that you can put vast amounts of heat energy into a material without changing itʼs temperature. . This is the amount of energy that is NOT needed to be created. Insulation is an effective. 4. They use half the energy of florescent and do not contain mercury gasses (extremely poisonous). Energy Efficiency Amory Lovins of Rocky Mountain Institute coined a new word several years ago. This eliminates the need for more (or larger) powerplants. Water Gathering and saving If every home and business both gathered rainwater and then used it for grey water. This would cut back on fresh water that the city needs to provide AND cut back on the volume of water the city needs to treat in the sewage plant. The Okanagan has reasonably high mountains and has major powerlines that go over those mountains. When combined with gray water systems and/or nonpotable irrigation runoff gathering would also reduce fresh water consumption. businesses and industry. Large wind generators could be set up on higher mountains and feed electricity directly into the main energy Grid. They are easily dimmable and remotely controllable. LED lighting LEDs use only 15% of the energy of incandescent bulbs to produce the same light. 5e. when energy efficiency technology is used to do the same work (or standard of living) with less energy. The initial price is hefty but worth every penny and getting less expensive every day. Properly installed they will last the lifetime of a home (no changing bulbs or landfill). This allows not only an energy storage ʻdensityʼ (lots in one place) but allows insulation to be much more effective because the temperature (of the heat storage) remains low. also reduces the carbon-footprint of power generation. 5d. People know of it (boring) and are NOT using it to itʼs potential. used as a VAWT. Even homes that are considered well insulated are currently wasting as much as 50% of their heating and cooling energy for the want of some simple upgrades (like R50 on their hot water tanks or insulating in spaces that are often ʻforgottenʼ and/or missed because installers/builders donʼt realize the importance or pay attention). simple and inexpensive technology that seriously saves energy. Eutectic Materials The use of eutectics to ʻstoreʼ heat and cold is vastly underutilized. Ideally. Today. it would help prevent the runoff surge (into lakes and rivers) that happens when cities pave over greenery (that would normally trap and hold the water). 5c. 5. new building codes would include grey water standards. my ʻFlapperʼ design. Here are a couple of NegaWatt technologies… 5a. Grey water can be implemented in homes.

Thank you for your contribution Alyshia Olsen .htm May the blessings be George Wiseman From: Sustainable Choices <sustainable_choices@hotmail. The CAL is effectively a high efficiency capacitive step-down transformer. you can contact her at XXXXX If you would like to contact me. my work e-mail XXXXX I hope your trip is going well. and that you like the result of our work. If you wish to get a hold of the Hello George.5f. Capacitive Transformers donʼt have heat and noise losses and they limit amperage if powerlines short out. preventing most power outages. Literally Quads of power could be saved if Capacitive Transformers were to replace the ubiquitous Inductive Transformers. Iʼve developed a technology that I call Capacitive Power Supply (CPS) or Capacitive Amperage Limiting (CAL) depending on the Additional Links: http://www. You will be seeing your copy in the mail shortly. I apologize for the long delay. Capacitive Transformers are easy to modify in place to fit any particular power requirement.pdf of our completed book. 2011 2:17:08 AM PDT To: George Wiseman> Subject: RE: Sustainable Choices Handbook Date: April 24. but I have attached the .builditsolar. Deb Thorneycroft. Please know that our program is now over. We really appreciate that you are putting it up and helping to spread the word.

South Okanagan Sustainability Local Solutions of the Global Revolution Katelyn Cole Carmen McAnulty Alyshia Olsen Samir Rodriguez Brennon Synnuck Mark Wall Natalie Webb Okanagan Network for the Environment .

theonesociety. Okanagan Network for the Environment Society www. BC Canada The Government of Canada has contributed funding to this initiative. Brennon Synnuck. editing: Deb Thorneycroft Photos: Aja .Copyright © 2011 The Okanagan Network for the Environment Society Cover design. Carmen McAnulty. layout and editing: Alyshia Olsen Layout. and Jennifer & Nicholas Vincent Inside pages Enviro100%recycled paper Printed in eco friendly ink Cover 10% recycled paper Printed in Penticton.

T able of Contents Food Energy Commodities Water Land Transportation Recycling Miscellaneous Glossary 3 12 25 35 41 52 59 71 81 .

continental. national. to inflict permanent damage to the capacity of the Earth to support future societies and plant and animal life. i. regional and at local levels and by individuals.e. worldwide. The economy and development must not deplete the natural resource base and fertile soil . Problems are emerging on a global scale. for example: • • • • • • Climate change Pollution Dead zones in our oceans Decline of the tropical forests Decline of our natural resources Species loss While these problems are global in scale.Introduction Current human activity. if left unchecked.this is . action must be taken at all levels. through its wasteful and inefficient use of natural resources is not sustainable and has the potential. We must think globally and act locally.

The link between economic growth and increased environmental pressure must broken. There are options and choices that have to be made. This book would not have been possible without your support.Ag. We cannot continue as we are doing now. We have done our best to include all tips. Our lifestyle will create the heritage of generations to come." This book is full of local tips to help us live more sustainably and I encourage you to read it. Improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of the Earth’s supporting eco-systems" is based on the recognition that "we have not inherited the earth from our parents but borrowed it from our children. Director. but some duplicates have been omitted. Environment and Sustainability Programs Thank you to all who graciously shared their time and wisdom with our youth. Deb Thorneycroft Sustainable Choices Coordinator 2 . Everyday activity counts. Dale R. Bonke P. Fundamental changes in our lifestyles are required. Sustainable and regenerative development considerations should be taken into account in every policy and action.particularly important for the South Okanagan. These changes require a systematic and comprehensive approach: • • • • Sustainable and regenerative development is a process. We individuals must act.

have little nutritional value. The question is not whether the food bubble will burst. and the wine list is predominantly from local wineries. and produce that has travelled further in a week than you will in a year. Processed ‘junk’ foods laden with chemicals. Hosting a 100 Mile style dinner is a great way to bring everyone together and show that eating locally can be delicious. Our Farmer and Community Markets area convenient. fun way to support our health. 3 . Food appears to be the weak link for our global civilization as well. but when? Lester Brown Food Okanagan residents have the good fortune to live in a bountiful region filled with a colourful diet of numerous nutritional possibilities. local economy and the environment. It is no coincidence that eating food grown close to home is as good for your body as it is for the environment. The seafood is certified Oceanwise. Debbie Oviatt Pasta Factory Restaurant & Lounge purchases produce from local farmers when available.The archeological records of earlier civilizations indicate that more often than not it was food shortages that led to their downfall.

FOOD Why don't we pay more attention to who our farmers are? We would never be as careless choosing an auto mechanic or babysitter as we are about who grows our food. and some crock pots. 4 . The Child Development Centre has a nutritional education program for children. seasonally and locally. which includes a bread garden style menu cooked with no grill or deep fat fryer. Michael Pollan Cindi Tomochko tries to eat organically. They use just one traditional oven. and prefers to buy fair trade. Okanagan College cafeterias are implementing a sustainable kitchen. Eleanor Summer of South Okanagan Women In Need Society preserves and dries food.

and grows some of the food for his cafe. Fresh Healthy Cafe. Just cover the mouth of the jar with cheesecloth. The Child Development Centre has a garden. 5 . carrots. Cam Hooper keeps fresh. Brenda Wall has a few tips for reducing food waste in your kitchen. Rinse in varying cycles according to what you are sprouting. soak the seeds and leave the jar tilted mouth-down to drain. Always check expiration dates and avoid buying food that you will not finish in time. and edible flowers. as leftovers are often forgotten about and left to spoil.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Glenn Marcoux buys local when seasonably available. and grows their own food such as peas. and they take their leftovers to the Soupeteria. healthy greens in his diet all year by sprouting beans and seeds in jars in the cupboard. Reduce transportation energy by growing your own food. Kathryn McCourt The Ooknakane Friendship Centre has a traditional cooking program for youth. He would like to see people go back to gardening and growing their own fruits and vegetables. Also try to avoid making a lot of extra food. Local fruits and vegetables are used as much as possible. Andrew Jakubeit grows his own herbs. Staff bring their lunches to work at South Okanagan Immigrant and Community Services. Within days your sprouts will be alive and growing.

the city may respond if the interest in backyard chickens grows. Schools can help. Take it one further while bringing your family closer. Journey to Successful Employment offers a cooking program and buys local produce. however. She suggests to eat brown rice as you receive more product for less money. and donates to local charities Brigid Kemp only buys fair trade.and unfortunate waste . Sue Kirschmann 6 . and can be fed kitchen scraps that may otherwise go in the garbage. A field trip to the gleaners in Oliver should be added to school curriculum as an aid to teaching students about the plentiful crops . Cooking at home with fresh.FOOD CIBC holds food bank drives. While not everyone has the capacity to become a their backyard. and grows her own sprouts. At least a year of Home Economics should be necessary for both genders. unfortunately. backyard chickens may be an option. She dries food to preserve it. organize a day trip to one of the Okanagan’s u-Pick sites. chickens are only legal outside of city limits. Sabina Notz Buying local is a fantastic. Marliene Otto makes her own pasta. necessary step towards localsustainability. local ingredients is beneficial for both your family and the environment. They provide healthy. organic food. and likes to eat raw foods. and brings her own food to events to ensure she does not have to purchase them on the spot. organic eggs.

Aja was also a vendor at the Downtown Penticton Association Market and the Penticton Farmer’s Market where she sold her organic popcorn and culinary seasonings that are made all natural. bean dishes. pasta dishes. no sugar and only the finest organic mineral sea salt. These seasonings are fantastic on popcorn. textures and aromas of using “real” food. desserts and more . Aja incorporates fresh local herbs and demonstrates the incredible flavours. 7 . For more information. visit www.all from scratch. and even cookies. Classes have been taking place at the Okanagan Falls Parks and Recreation Centre since the summer of 2010 and at the Leir House as part of the Shatford Centre’s “Spirit Festival”. Students have learned to make soups. Classes also accommodate people with food intolerances. Aja loves to share her knowledge of delicious cooking in a friendly. All of Aja’s vegan classes are now gluten free.earthaja. dips. salad dressings. energy and the well-being of our earth. They always wrap up the class eating together as a group. including soups.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Aja Jackson’s cooking classes are open to everyone willing to learn how to use fresh foods to improve health. roasted veggies. In the summer and fall of 2010. They include no MSG. healthy kitchen. sauces and soups.

Tim Lang Dan Braithwait has been growing tomatoes and cucumbers in his yard since he moved to Summerland from Calgary three years ago. Burger 55 buys local vegetables. White Clinic Associates has an employee lunch room. They sell Cannery brewed beer. Even in Sub Saharan Africa. Hilma Labelle of South Okanagan Community and Immigrant Society. The Penticton Lakeside Resort serves herbs grown in their on-site organic garden. and have veggie burgers. Diet is now the single biggest factor in causing premature death. Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea sells fair trade coffee beans from Cherry Hill in Kelowna. They offer Happy Planet natural beverages. Norm Rempel grows his own food. and organic coffee drinks. Dan Bouchard minimizes waste through his diet. Burger 55 will allow them to bring in a gluten-free bun and will build a burger on it. We need to work with current guidelines regarding agricultural farm waste. five percent of the population is obese. and is looking to purchase local beef as well. He recommends adapting your diet to what grows locally.FOOD The Penticton Indian Band has a community garden. If a customer is allergic to gluten. he 8 . and develop mechanisms to inform farm owners and operators about environmentally safe practices.

essentially locking in nutrients. Mindy Rollins loves the idea of private and corporate land being shared for food growing. They offer breakfast and lunch prepared fresh using local. Laurel Burnham only eats what is available in season. is 2. Their FairTrade. Sam Verigin grows a variety of food and also freezes food to preserve it. and meat from Fraser Valley. Consider this: fresh isn’t exactly that. and tea. While fresh produce may seem the best choice. up to 60% of nutritional value is lost after seven days of harvesting. Shirley Ducharme buys local milk. 9 . She has given up eating tomatoes and cucumbers when locally grown ones are not available.500 to 4.000km – or four to ten trips to Vancouver. The average distance travelled for food in North America. and they also offer organic imports and food from local groceries. He drinks local beer from Cannery Brewing. meanwhile. and makes soups from scratch. fresh vegetation is picked prior to full ripeness for shipping purposes.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy buys Healthy Harvest Local Vegetable Bins when he can. The produce is flash-frozen within hours of picking. the frozen items at the grocery store are often better for you. In some foods. It seems that we are losing too much of our agricultural land to wine production. eggs and produce. Barley and Grapes sells organic wines and beers. from farm to plate. Certified Organic coffee is roasted in Summerland. The Bench Artisan Food Market has focused on sustainable practices since they opened six years ago. Dandelions are great for salad. organic produce whenever possible.

By spending a few minutes the night before you can build a healthy. and parsnips mixed together in a pit. Pocket gophers sometimes find a pit before I dig it and they seemespecially fond of carrots. Stephen Joyce 10 . imported food on your break. I dig several pits to hold about a one month supply of carrots. I space the pits wide apart within our garden area. Stephen grows his own food. Jim Bryan If you are looking for a way to save money as well as the environment. consider packing your own lunch. When ready for more. organic meal in a re-usable glass container. potatoes. It's easy to spend over a hundred dollars a month on lunch. I mound up the soil dug from the pit over the top to insulate the vegetables and to mark the location of the pit. After that some of them begin to sprout. I dig up another pit. including a fruit tree which he harvests from. I also put carrot and beet tops over the cache of vegetables to help me know when I have dug down to the top of them so I am less likely to cut into the vegetables with my spade. We then keep the vegetables for a month in our fridge while eating them. I try to make the pit deep enough that the one month supplies just below the frostline of frozen soil and find that one foot is usually adequate for this. and difficult to avoid over-packaged. We find that the root crops keep quite well in the pits until March. I store the root crops surplus to our summer and fall consumption in pits that I dig in the garden in mid to late October. In order to make it harder for the gopher to find another pit.FOOD When growing root crops in our garden about 1000ft above the Okanagan Valley floor (1100ft elevation). The best place to store your food is in your friend’s stomach. beets.

Nectarines. As the temperature – and our population – rises. Cucumbers.000 litres of water. Squash The best time to plant a tree was twenty years ago. With millions of people starving globally. Pears. and they require much more liquid than a grain crop. Even reducing one half a kilo of beef a week from your diet will save between 10. it is not an either-or issue. if you cannot stand the thought of giving up bacon. and the carbon dioxide released from the burning of trees for agricultural use also add to the already overpolluted atmosphere. Extra animals to water means less for the rest of us. Going vegetarian minimizes the use of pesticides. Peaches. Peppers. Onions. growth hormones. Tomatoes. Zucchini August: Apples. The next best time is now. Peaches. Green Beans.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Seasonal Foods June: Cherries July: Apricots. Corn. Green Onions. Onions. A plant based diet requires one eighth of the fossil fuel need to support a meat based diet. Nectarines. Squash October: Apples. why is 70% of the grain grown feeding animals? For every five to ten kilograms of grain. we only end up with one consumable kilogram of chicken or beef. 11 . However. Cherries. Plums. Peas. Radishes. Lettuce. Pears. Chinese proverb Vegetarianism goes far beyond animal rights. Tomatoes September: Apples. Cantaloupe. a meatless diet is significantly more sustainable. Pumpkins. farming machinery and transportation. water becomes an increasing issue. Blueberries.000 to 20. A large amount of methane is released from the unnatural number of cattle.

and make money while asleep on windy nights. and we often have a strong enough breeze to generate electricity from a windmill. While electricity in our area is hydro generated. renewable alternatives to fossil fuels are plentiful. they will never forget us. and so fairly green. the infrastructure to maintain the system is not. Of course. Bi-directional meters are available free of charge from Fortis. our current lifestyles are 12 . enabling consumers to sell back to the grid what they don’t use. Henrik Tikkanen Energy Green.000 hours of annual daylight. To wean ourselves off of oil and maintain our energy dependant lifestyles will require multiple sources of energy. With almost 2. and many of them are viable options in the South Okanagan. every home in Penticton could benefit from a roof of solar panels.Because we don't think about future generations. as we arequickly realizing.

more complex.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy not sustainable. It is also a wonderful opportunity to do a lot better. Let’s not squander this moment. two centuries at most. It takes a touch of genius . that we fell into our energy addiction and started on the path to ruin. Peak oil is an opportunity to pause. so using less energy.and lots of courage . and to adjust to a saner path for the move in the opposite direction. We had best face facts: we really have no choice. Albert Einstein It was only a short time ago. wisely. to think through our present course. and more violent. Any intelligent fool can make things bigger. Albert Bates 13 . is as crucial towards sustainability as is an eco-friendly alternative.

14 .ENERGy Judy Sentes turns lights off to save energy. we would drain it in about 15 seconds. and before leaving her apartment and turns off the lights and appliances when not in use. we empty close to 5. She also uses a toaster oven rather than a large conventional oven for baking and grilling. Sometime in 2006. and they have skylights in the Child Development building so that they don’t have to use electric lighting during spring and summer. Peter Tertzakian Cindi Tomochko turns the heat down before bed. which translates into a staggering 1000 barrels per second! Picture an Olympic sized swimming pool of oil. mankind’s thirst for oil will have crossed the milestone rate of 86 million barrels per day. They also control their heat levels.500 such swimming pools. Glenn Marcoux uses energy efficient light bulbs. Lights in the courtyard of the Child Development building are on timers and adjusted for the seasons. In one day.

and uses heat from lighting to warm the building. Anna Nielson at Polka Dot Purse Consignment encourages the use of a heat pump. They have also upgraded all of their lighting to high-efficiency light bulbs. Peak oil is a turning point in history of unparalleled magnitude. and they turn the lights off at night. 15 . such as solar electricity and low energy servicing. he uses the windows and drapes to regulate room temperatures. John Patterson suggests using a four stroke. At Dr. Penticton General Hospital is replacing the old fluorescent light bulbs with new compact florescent lights. The hospital has thermal blinds for offices that receive a lot of sun. so there is less need for cooling. John Patterson switched from halogen bulbs to fluorescent ones.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy BC Parks. Ministry of Environment uses green technologies in building design and servicing. or an electric lawn mower. and large windows allow lots of natural daylight in. They are also installing solar panels on the roof. Specs Optical. for never before has a resource as critical as oil become headed into decline from a natural depletion without sight of a better substitute. Tanya Hogg says the heating system is programmed to 15 degrees outside of business hours. Colin Campbell Solar panels on the roof of Hostelling International Penticton provide 40% of the hot water heat used in the building.

This MicroFit program essentially ʻrentsʼ the roofs of homes to install solar photovoltaic panels. Ontario has implemented a program that pays people $0. This type of power generation works well in summer heat and winter cold. there is enough general expertise in the population to implement it. Massive amounts of fruit are discarded as sub-standard or spoiled. changing the temperature of one litre of water by one degree Celsius is 4. with courses taught in the Okanagan College.ENERGy As Canadaʼs only desert and having few cloudy days. To give an idea of the power potential. George Wiseman of Eagle Research 16 . these 'by-products' can be used to make fuel: alcohol. is reasonably priced and simply has not been used because the energy monopolies have suppressed it. the Okanagan has significant Solar power potential. This LTPC technology is over 100 years old.80 per kWh they generate and feed into the Grid. The hotter or colder the weather gets. There is a technology that uses the difference in temperature between water and air to create electricity. The knowledge to do this already exists in the Valley. or added at about 5% to gasoline and diesel with minimal side effects. It is putting a lot of people to work as installers. the more electricity such a power-plant can generate. The Okanagan has huge alcohol potential in just the waste products of agriculture. putting money into the economy and ultimately will reduce the need for energy from foreign sources. consider this: dropping a litre of water 10 meters (the height of a typical dam) develops a potential kinetic energy of 98 joules. Alcohol can be used directly in vehicles designed to use it. I would suggest the Okanagan implement a similar project. Today.184 joules of potential heat energy and the water stays in the lake.

Air conditioning is kept off in warmer temperatures at 17 . Capri Insurance office has tint-treated windows that reflect heat. She also washes her clothing in cold water. the world was consuming 4 billion barrels of oil per year and the average discovery was around 30 billion. Brigid Kemp no longer has a TV. Fifty years ago. the air conditioner is used less heavily and during the winter.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy The Gym uses energy-efficient lights. and uses a timer for all electric appliances. She has reduced her dependency on hydro-electricity by reducing her bulbs to energy efficient ones. so you don’t have to turn on the other lights. Asian newspaper May 4. She keeps lights off when they are not needed. The office lights and computers are turned off at night. Keep the lights off when it isn’t necessary to have them on. we consume 30 billion barrels per year and the discovery rate is approaching 4 billion barrels of crude per year. and suggests people buy a battery powered LED for going to the bathroom at night. Niguel Synnuck Edgar Chavarieuses fluorescent light bulbs. 2005 Marliene Otto turns off the power bar connected to appliances to save energy. and then hang dries them to save energy. machine dries them for ten minutes. He opens and closes the drapes to regulate the temperature of his home. employees wear sweaters. She also suggests using thermal curtains. In the summer. Today. Vitamin King is in the process of updating all their fluorescent light bulbs to more eco-friendly ones.

they use energy efficient lighting. or when the office is bright with sunlight. Oil has become the world’s foremost energy resource. Rather than seeping out of cracks. They think there should be a by-law to force people to install proper lighting. and energy efficient light bulbs have been installed. and use low watt light bulbs. tuck your curtain onto the window sill. There is no ready substitute and 18 .ENERGy the Friendship Centre. Meiklejohn Architects has a small water heater. Regardless. and turn all of your lights and heat off at night. Have your electronics on timers. the Mac mini. Clearly the timing of the global peak is crucial. and they turn off lights at night. the consequences would be devastating. remaining in your home. the heat will rise and be absorbed by the curtain. Jennifer and Nicholas Vincent of Little Green Book Penticton and Area Women’s Centre keep the heat turned down in the winter. Karina Chambers If you have room-by-room baseboard heating. Their office thermostat is programmed to cool at night. If it were to happen soon. The staff also try to use computers that consume the least amount of energy. It is a certified Energy Star product. opting to wear sweaters instead. Looking to upgrade your computer and downgrade your energy usage? Consider purchasing the most efficient desktop computer. it is made predominantly from recyclable aluminum. Not only does it weigh just 3 pounds and only use 85 watts. They also turn the lights off when they are not there.

The salient fact about life in the decades ahead is that it will become increasingly and intensely local and smaller in scale. Mike Schybriak uses energy-saving light bulbs.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy decades will be required to wean societies from it. Richard Heinberg Tim Ericson recommends people conserve energy. and the only intelligent course of action is to prepare for it. Mike MacDonald suggests we burn calories. J. We will be compelled to conduct the activities of daily life on a smaller scale. offsets carbon equal to 700 new trees per household. Terry Magnus urges people to install geo-thermal for their heating system. Peak oil could therefore constitute the greatest economic challenge since the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. 19 . The heating and air conditioning is computer-automated. Jason Martin reminds people that LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) screens use less electricity. whether we like it or not. it saves energy and. not fossil fuels. It will do so steadily and by degrees as the amount of available cheap energy decreases and the global contest for it becomes more intense. The scale of all human enterprises will contract with the energy supply. The Penticton Lakeside Resort uses open-loop geothermal for heating and cooling. and has a new furnace. as well as using auto-off. Kunstler YMCA-YWCA Jumpstart shuts off their computers when they are not being used.

the International Energy Association released that we did in fact peak in worldwide oil production in 2006. which has decreased their watt usage from 1. 2006 In January 2011. and has an energy efficient heat pump. also known as CFLs (compact fluorescent lights) are a popular choice for many reasons: life span.000 vehicles off the road. he turns lights out at home and then counts how many are left on. but when. and Michael would like to see more by-laws to require private property owners to install proper lighting or have certain light operation times. As a consumer. Their goal is to eventually switch the entire store lighting over. 20 . Michael Pearce believes in turning off lights. They have also taken the initiative to switch their stage lighting to LED lights. if every Canadian household replaced only one incandescent bulb with a CFL. Skaha Sound has tinted windows in the store to conserve energy.000 watts to 75. He has efficient double-pane windows installed at home. Fox News April 28. and have been declining ever since. They've also switched some of their store lighting over to LED which only uses 9 watts per light bulb. you will also appreciate that they are not as hot to touch. While it may seem to be a small switch. energy usage. Every night. and a natural gas fireplace instead of a wood burning one. and simplicity. Matt Rands Energy experts no longer debate about whether Hubert’s peak will occur. Street light initiatives have been undertaken that can provide the same amount of light with less energy. He keeps his heat temperature down.ENERGy Energy-efficient light bulbs. it would be the equivalent to taking 66. and last eight times longer.

Michael Pearce’s hot water tank is right under the faucet to reduce space requirements. She unplugs appliances and lights when they are not being used. Try to avoid the high consumption window. and the necessity of artificial heating methods. and meters are being installed to monitor energy consumption and cost rates. and shorten the distance the hot water has to travel. Lindsay Stainer of McCoy recommends that all businesses use programmable thermostats. between 4 and 8 at night. The benefits are twofold: not only are you charged less outside of these times. The Golden Sands uses eco-friendly light bulbs. would like to see table grapes grown in the area. and has an energy-efficient furnace. which is warm in the winter and cool in the summer. and energy-efficient light bulbs. Voth Photography’s studio is in a shared building on the second floor.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy The Penticton Waste Water Treatment Plant is researching ways to capture excess potential energy. 21 . Shirley Ducharme uses energy efficient lights. Her windows are covered with plastic films to reduce air drafts. owners of Accent Chocolates. Eva and Len Poloskey. Barry Watson changed the Marketplace IGA light bulbs to environmentally friendly ones. but you will be putting less of a strain on the electrical grid.

David Flemming inventer of TEQ’s Finn Larsen. His swimming 22 . with solar heated water and air conditioning. of Larsen Agencies.Power 1 Realty uses CFL light bulbs. The employees dress up for warmth rather than turning up the heat. At his home. Jon has upgraded to energy efficient appliances. and energy saver mode on their computers.ENERGy Photography by Chris’ Chris Cornett has a high-efficiency washing machine at home. Also. Spa Tranquila has an efficient water heater. and use a blanket to keep warm instead of raising the heat. heat pump and insulation. and avoids using the dryer for laundry when clothes can be hung out. keep your thermostats at the same temperature. don’t fluctuate them. while keeping on electronics that are being used frequently. The most powerful energy resource we have avaliable to us is the creative intelligence of the people. Mary Belcher tries to turn off electricity when things like lights are not being used. At night. had the first solar house in Terrace. light bulbs. Barley and Grapes installed motion detector lights. they shut down the computers and turn down their heat. and the computers are set to sleep mode. and uses an eorder system which requires no paper. Fluorescent lighting is installed at Astral Radio. closes off the cooler section in the winter. Jon Ferebee turns the lights off in the building. Try to keep electronics turned off that are not used frequently. Sutton .

Sam Verigin is considering installing wind energy generation on her property. They have been approved for the FortisBC Flip program. for example.the hotter the better! There is no air conditioning unit of any kind in Aja’s home.They also have plans to implement weather stripping. She reads instead of watching television. just close the drapes and windows during the day.500 worth of lighting with greener alternatives such as 'intelligent' lighting. She thinks solar power should be subsidized for power and heating. they will receive funding to replace $5. 23 . and electricity can be generated by solar or wind power. Sam has passive solar heating in her building. It’s simple to reduce energy and keep the house cool.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy pool is heated with a solar blanket. the Shatford Centre has been making a conscious effort to be sustainable. and open the windows after the sun has set to let in the gorgeous summer air. During their reconstruction. Having qualified. they limit the use of florescent lighting and take advantage of natural light. especially in regards to energy. These are sustainable options for heating our homes as wood is a renewable resource. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens turns off lights when not in use. For now. the windows face south for optimal sun exposure. and does not use air conditioning. Accent Living sells electric fireplaces and wood stoves. they have removed half of the tubing from within the fluorescent panels. Aja Jackson has lived in the South Okanagan for 14 years and loves the summers . and sealing the openings of windows. She uses a wood stove for heating purposes. to prevent hot air leakage.

The use of solar energy has not been opened up because the oil industry does not own the sun. Turning off appliances that are not in use can save up to 40% of a product's energy consumption.ENERGy Penticton Visitors Centre employees wear warm fleece clothing in the winter. He has fluorescent bulbs installed at home.heat pump and heat sink included. Johanna and Henk Saaltink built a passive solar house . as well as energy efficient appliances. Bill Barisoff has a system where the heat is turned down automatically. He also has efficient heat pumps installed at home. 24 . Ralph Nader In the late seventies. Save electricity by turning lights off during the day and when you are not in the room. Make a habit of unplugging anything that you would otherwise just flick off.

Some of these will save you money now. natural. biodegradable cleaners. The Marketplace IGA sells environmentally friendly and biodegradable products such as paper. 25 . cleaning supplies and reusable bags. and buys their chemical products in bulk. Niguel Synnuck uses re-usable dishes. Businesses have begun to see the necessity of environmentalism. if you don’t have a lot of spare dollars to cast. not those designed for one-time-use.There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed. Dave Hehr of Midas Auto Service Experts uses reusable rags. Mohandas K. Gandhi Commodities There has been an influx of eco-friendly products within recent years. and others in the future. and much of this is because of consumer pressure. this category will still be full of suggestions you can adopt. Vote with your wallet! However. Vitamin King uses. as well as supplies.

Pamela Patterson buys bulk to reduce packaging. Dorie Wright crochets beautiful reusable totes from plastic shopping bags. which is a natural antiseptic.COMMODITIES Inka’s World sells handmade clothes made from llama wool. 26 . At Sweets 4 My Sweetie. Wendy Dion suggests choosing products that are not wrapped individually in cardboard and plastic. She also uses natural cleaning products like vinegar and tea tree oil. Liz Wilson's goal is to reduce their paper use at the Penticton Fire and Rescue Hall. It is a free trade company and the proceeds go back to the people of Ecuador to support 400 families. At home. sells candy jars to customers. I feel angry when I see people throwing away things we could use. Mother Teresa Pamela Patterson. owner of Sweets 4 My Sweetie. Pamela buys local.

"Not only does bottled water lead to unbelievable pollution— with old bottles lying all over the place— but plastic has chemicals in it.” Health Canada states that “quality standards for bottled water and tap water 27 .ecotraction. and biodegradable. They have also reduced coffee grounds and filters by purchasing a select service coffee machine.pvcfreebinder. They sell eco-friendly for more info on this product. Deborah Stewart uses Eco Traction. Visit to get your own. and their plastic bags are biodegradable. sanitation-intensive bed pans with ones from VernaCare . a 100% green product that effectively prevents winter slips and falls. Tiki Shores Penticton General Hospital delivers food on reusable plastic trays lined with paper. individual servings rather than bulk reduces waste. and are choosing paper cups over Styrofoam.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy We continuously educate our staff on environmental concerns. Are you voluntarily paying more for a litre of water than for one of gas? Bottled water is a luxury that taxes your wallet. The wipes that they use also biodegrade and dissolve after they are shredded. They are a paper pulp product. The hospital replaced old plastic. and planet. Penticton Visitors Centre sells Oliver harvested honey as a local Shriner fundraiser. Check out www. Athletes World sells cloth bags. Greyback Construction's Administrative/Marketing Assistant Deborah Stewart orders eco-friendly paper products for the office and envi-customizer binders that contain no PVC.

the chemicals will either be absorbed by your body or flushed down into our water system. Michael Paseska of Fibonacci Roastery & Cafe. 24/7 Convenience Store uses biodegradable bags and napkins made out of 100% recycled materials. go natural. natural floor cleaner. One-of-a-kind pieces. And if the pounds of left over plastic does not concern you. including gifts. consider the gas that was required to transport it here. soaps. cotton Sustainability can be stylish! Subway will soon be replacing their plastic bags with ones that are biodegradable. and perfumes. and fair trade. instead of buying them from stores. fabric swatches. Wendy Dion Cindi Tomochko tries to buy locally as much as possible. The Gym uses biodegradable cups. use discretion when buying personal care products by choosing environmentally friendly make-up. and upcycled leather. Penticton School of Hair employs Lou Johnson of Apex Cleaning Solutions. She also makes her own products. they are created from a variety of earth-friendly fibres such as coffee bean bags. Go beyond fabric bags. 28 . organic. linen.COMMODITIES are similar.” Some bottled water is even nothing more than a different municipality's tap water. does not use plastic to-go cups. take a look at Felicity Mayhew’s bags and totes at loveallhands. especially from thrift stores. By the end of the day. who uses eco-friendly. Theirs are made of corn.

amber teething necklaces and stain remover. is a cycle in which a material is manufactured. bamboo wash clothes. Jeremy Poole uses eco-friendly dryer cloths with plantbased softeners. Veronica Crumback reminds us to always look for products with the least amount of packaging. remanufactured. Buying records second hand is a great way to keep them out of the landfill. Elaine Burnie. bath & diapering care. Tiger Alley sells second hand and vintage clothes. Remember Vinyl Records Angel Babies Kids Shoppe helps promote recycling by offering a consignment section of gently used toys. as its name infers. they can be enjoyed for years to come. Recycling and purchasing products made with recycled materials will conserve resources and the environment. instead of those containing animal products. and on and on… In order to truly recycle you have to “close the loop” it makes sense to become part of the cycle by buying back what we recycle. used. used again. reused. The Recycling Counsel of British Columbia on the Recycling symbol. natural pacifiers. 29 . Recycling. and especially to avoid disposable plates and cups. This includes recycled.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Mike of Mike’s Pawnbrokers sells all recycled products. They also sell ecofriendly products such as toys. blankets and clothes for new born to size seven. reconstructed leathers and reconstructed clothes.

those made from recycled materials. They use green products exclusively. if not more. and introduced them to a different way of shopping. Vintage and Vogue sells vintage clothes and stocks lots of Canada made. but had to stop as he received complaints from the customers. Hands in Motion handles household and commercial cleaning. She has abstained from bleach for thirty years. such as milk and honey in glass.E.COMMODITIES Les Olson of Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea says. and all-natural cleaning products. Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea used wooden cutlery. Brigid Kemp believes in the use of natural products.. A subdivision of P. “I would love to see lower prices on green products. Hazel Carter.” Mott Welsh & Associates employees buy biodegradable soap. effective than those harmful to the environment.” He adds that he bought eco-containers for the shop. An employee stated. Scott Buchanan buys as little plastic as possible. Journey to Successful Employment buys locally. 30 .C. but the cost just killed him.A. as well as microfiber cloths that are rinsed instead of disposed. “younie [the owner] made second hand clothes okay for people in Penticton. Eco-friendly cleaning supplies can be just as. united Garment Workers tagged clothing. They use second hand props.

are re-sold in the shop. Wendy Dion suggests choosing products that are not wrapped individually in cardboard and plastic. Top quality things bought to the thrift store. and more. Desmond and Bonnie use eco-friendly products. They have cut back on the use of plastic commodities. and other accessories. They are attempting to divert as much waste as possible from the landfill. shoes. not harsh ones. only things they cannot recycle go there now. Such things include: clothes of all styles. Laurel Burnham encourages community markets. WINGS. The UPS Store uses environmental pencils and pens 31 . Shirley Ducharme buys local. Judy Sentes buys local products. and children’s toys. Dan Bouchard promotes the sale of wood products with environmental certification such as PEFC and FSC. for example: re-usable shopping bags. jewellery. home décor. for both genders. At work with BPWood. furniture. highly safe. purse liners.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Capri Insurance calendars are printed on recycled paper. her kitty litter is organic. She would like to see a permanent community market site. She uses the least intrusive. Items of lower quality are used to make a variety of products. Laura Saunders tries to buy as locally as possible. She uses fabric bags when grocery shopping. natural products. in their Taco Time store. as it promotes local buying.

At Euphoria Day Spa. Sean and Melissa McHugh of First Strike also support the community by buying local food and products. Owner Jackie Kromm doesn’t bring plastic utensils to work. All of Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens’ soaps and cleaning 32 . While not highly toxic. other natural products. Peaches Lingerie limits their use of plastic bags. Mary Belcher has been buying more local produce. nail and skin care products. Recently. Volatile organic compounds are in a range of products including paints. Treena Blake uses and sells allnatural products including those from Natural Concepts. a Kelowna based company. With significant vapour pressures. Okanagan Cosmetology Institute students use natural hair. they can have chronic side effects. Benjamin Moore Paints sells VOC-free and non-oil based paints. VOCs can damage both our health and that of our planet. Spa Tranquila sells formaldehyde free nail polish. and product lines made in Vancouver. Rose of Wild Rose Cottage notes that the store’s product shippers use bio-degradable and recyclable packing peanuts. True Colors. an organic facial care line.COMMODITIES made from 100% recycled materials. pesticides and permanent markers.

John uses them at Last Call. Melt Day Spa carries a vegan. Businesses should take the initiative to only sell non-harmful products. Not only are they cutting edge environmental products. contain natural colors. 33 . Aveda believes in sustainability and being responsible for their environmental impact. Featuring natural and organic products. the rest of it comes from Vancouver which is provincial. and other natural products. eco-friendly line of products called SpaRitual. they are organic. and their stylists use these items on their clientele. John buys some of the liquor sold in his store from local producers. South Okanagan Naturopathic Clinic provides natural medicine. They use non-endangered and renewable herbs. He buys as many products as possible from local producers.5 times as much more healthy for the environment. especially retail should use/sell bio-degradable bags. Heiress Salon & Boutique sells Aveda products. John Vassalaki thinks businesses. and no synthetic dyes. however they are 2.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy agents are green. Jenna Morton of Heiress Salon & Boutique uses natural products that are ammonia-free. they are 2.5 times more expensive.

We’ve been all the way to the moon and back. It is a time when there is much in the window. but have less real communication.tall men but short characters.COMMODITIES Paradox of Our Age We have bigger houses but smaller families. These are times fast foods but slow digestion. more experts but more problems more medicines but less healthiness. We have more degrees but less sense. but have trouble crossing the street to meet our neighbour. more knowledge but less judgement. steep profits but shallow relationships. but nothing in the room. We have become long on quantity. We built computers to hold more copies than ever. more conveniences but less time. 14th Dalai Lama 34 . but short on quality.

Colin Campbell Water With annual precipitation levels of less than 350mm . Repair all your leaky faucets. and one that any beer drinker understands. Marliene Otto has a Santeiva water purification system. Edgar Chavarie Kathryn McCourt from Hands On Gardening suggests turning the water off while brushing your teeth or shaving. Also. Also. World aquifers are being drained at an alarming rate. Regardless of the limited supply. when washing veggies. The glass starts full and ends empty and the faster you drink it the quicker it’s gone. run the water into a 35 .It’s quite a simple theory. not abuse. water is a life-giving resource that deserves our conscientious use. shower with a friend. and has installed a low flow toilet. She times her showers to keep them short. Shower every second day. Most of the contributions in this category require only a small change in your life. As plentiful as it may seem when it flows freely from our taps. yet will result in a large one for our planet. water is an ongoing concern in the South Okanagan. less than 1% of our world’s water is fresh.

If you are a painter. And consider using stale pet water for plants. is one way to educate kids on the importance of water conservation. the adults will begin to implement green practices as well. Only when their dishwashers are full do they run them. and never does half-loads of dishes. The Child Development Centre teaches children how to deal with ice in a proper. and uses a reducer valve on his shower head to save water. fill a jar with water and wash them in that. They utilize aerators on the faucets in their kitchen to reduce water usage by 25%. Yvonne Goldberg of YGO Art Gallery Andrew Jakubeit of Groove Yard uses cold water only. Store the water for safer disposal. 36 . “The Water Hogs”. be sure to water the lawn only when you feel no moisture until three inches deep in the soil.WATER container and use it to water plants. The Pasta Factory has installed automatic toilets. By encouraging the children and piquing their interest. and sinks. urinals. eco-friendly way. as the time allows the chlorine to evaporate. John Patterson put a brick in the toilet to displace water. Elaine Trackl believes the best environmental strategy is to help the kids teach the parents. In the yard. a children’s book written and illustrated by Elaine. Capri Insurance does not buy bottled water because their office has a filtration system. Rather than rinsing your brushes off in the sink. consider reducing the chemicals you let flow down the drain. and only water after sundown to avoid evaporation.

They should be turned off to save water. By placing a barrel outside. Aaron Goodwin notices that ice machines are often left running water twenty-four hours a day. including a simple hour glass. Keeping your eye on the time will help you shower more efficiently. saving water in the process. It has been discov37 . The irrigation for the Penticton Lakeside Resort is drawn from their own well. Jennifer Vincent of Little Green Book The Penticton and Area Women’s Centre has bought a giant water jug instead of many little ones. At the Okanagan Wellness Centre. Yvonne Goldberg of YGO Art Gallery A warmer conservation idea for showering is to utilize a ‘shower coach’. Only turn it back on when you are ready to rinse off. it is easy to collect during storms. Challenge yourself and your family to get the shortest time possible. and this includes hormones. you will be doing the local fish a huge favour. If you can manage without taking pills for contraception or menopause. Nora Hunt-Haft tells us that all the doctors and message therapists use Laundrypure technology to clean their towels and linens eliminating the need for detergent and fabric softener.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy After briefly getting wet in the shower. turn the faucet off for a few minutes while you soap up. what goes in must come out. unfortunately. Rain water is fresh and purified naturally. and keeps the water at room temperature. Most people don’t think much of their medication beyond when they have to take it. This can be in the form of any waterproof timer.

Ministry of Environment wash facilities with pressure treated water. On the Penticton Okanagan College campus. to the extent that some fish species in the affected body of water can become exclusively female. prior to letting the water flow into our lakes and streams. there is a newly installed water refilling station that is widely used by students.WATER ered that the hormones that enter our water system have the ability to affect the gender of aquatic life. bath. Finn Larsen of Larsen Agencies BC Parks. Wendy Dion Don’t use water between the peak times (4-8 pm). and shower twice per week. Cindi Tomochko I would like to see the city and regional district place filtration systems on all ground water dispatch systems. 38 . I only wash my hair.

C. these people are saving around 30.8 litres per flush. and has installed the low flow toilets in his home. He only waters his lawn 2-3 times a week. Simply fill a jug or jars with water.Similkameen (RDOS). He takes short showers. For all new toilet installations to be 4. you can reduce your water consumption for next to nothing. Report-aWeed is a handy tool to alert professionals to your property. and others. it will be mandatory in B. Learn about. and the Invasive Alien Plant Program (IAPP). or 39 . There are many organizations that can assist you: the Regional District of the Okanagan. Invasive Plant Council of BC (IPC BC).000 litres of water a year! And as of October 2011.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy It’s always going to be difficult to come up with sustainable ways to support our unsustainable lifestyle. only run it when you have a full load. Michael Pearce has low flow valves that have been installed in his faucets. at 13 litres. Many citizens have mentioned that they have switched to a high efficiency toilet. and help eradicate. He has converted his toilets to low/highflow variable toilets. the yellow Flag Iris. Charles Wyman Our water channels and resources are slowly being choked out by invasive weeds that will soon dominate the area if not controlled. Nick McDonald from Stuart Alson Dominion says we should reuse ground water for flushing toilets. Wendy Dion If you use a dishwasher. Compare this to the older models. the Puncture Vine. John Vassilaki conserves water. While saving up for your low flow unit. hosted by the Ministry of Forests.

Albert Einstein 40 . Jon Ferebee has his underground irrigation set on a timer. By the process of displacement. as well as water preservation. in your toilet's tank. and takes showers that are only a few minutes long. it will require less water per flush to fill it. more complex. which uses less water during non-peak times. Any intelligent fool can make things bigger. Wahnese recycles rain water to irrigate her plants. and more violent.and lots of courage . She gets her water from a well on her move in the opposite direction. She uses mostly cold water. Alyssa Smith suggests people conserve water by watching for leaky toilets. He does not leave water running. She is concerned with aquifer preservation. Bill Barisoff has underground sprinkling installed. Sam Verigin is on a septic tank system. He has low-flow shower heads installed at his home. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens does not keep the water running while brushing her teeth. It takes a touch of genius . and so has valve restrictors on her faucets.WATER place a brick.

flood control. Development of subdivisions. Some of the natural areas of concern in the South Okanagan and Similkameen areas are: 41 . and recharging water supplies. intensive agriculture and other human activities have destroyed. Many of our wildlife and natural areas are in trouble because of human activity. providing places for recreation and tourist attractions. fragmented or degraded natural areas. Our ecosystems are so much more than something beautiful to look at. it is also known as a region that is one of the most at risk in Canada. Nature provides many benefits and services to humans – including filtering. pollination. as well as storing carbon. we borrow it from our children. It is Canada’ only pocket desert – with a rich array of wildlife and habitats that are not found many other places. storing.We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors. purifying air. Native American Proverb Land The South Okanagan and Similkameen area is known as a unique place in Canada. unfortunately.

lakes and other waterways. We have lost considerable tracts of grasslands. They are important for many species of wildlife. marshes and swamps – they are rare in our pocket desert landscape to start with – and we have lost over 85 % of them due to in-filling. rivers. planting or invasive weed control. Grasslands are one of the most unique types of habitat in the province – covering only about 1% of BC. enhance and restore them. shading and cooling water and people on hot days. filter and recharge water supplies. Stewardship groups help landowners with understanding more about the natural values on their lands and how to care for them. Landowners that have important natural areas on their properties can protect. Sometimes this involves just leaving them be. We have less than 15% of the natural riparian areas left along the Okanagan River. Also important for wildlife. There are many sustainable choices to make that will help to conserve nature. mariposa lilies and cactus dot the hillsides. and they help to store.the band of green vegetation along streams. ditching.LAND Wetlands – ponds. If you have natural features on your property that are in need of help – learn more about how to enhance or restore those areas with plantings of appropriate native vegetation. draining or dredging. Riparian areas. other times it may require a bit of fencing. 42 . often with little investment. Grasslands and shrub-steppe – what makes the Okanagan the true “wild west” – the rolling hillsides and benches of bunchgrass and shrubs such as antelope-brush and sagebrush.

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy · Land trusts and stewardship groups can accept donations of land, or establish protective covenants with landowners to conserve natural areas on your property into the future, no matter who owns it. If livestock on your property are impacting wetlands or riparian areas, consider fencing them out and creating either alternative watering sources or single point access areas to water. Small lot owners can reduce water use, and enhance wildlife habitat by planting native dry-land plants. Nest boxes for owls, bluebirds and other bird species are also an easy way to help wildlife. Developers can increase their property values by directing their development away from sensitive natural areas, clustering, and conserving natural parklands and wildlife corridors. Residents can also encourage decision makers to protect and conserve our important natural areas, through directing development to appropriate areas, retaining wildlife corridors, creating natural parklands, and through using Best Management Practices in their own public works. Help conservation organizations conserve the environment. Donate and support their good work. Learn more about the incredible natural areas of the South Okanagan Similkameen, the groups and individuals that are working to conserve Canada’s only pocket desert at Bryn White South Okanagan-Similkameen Conservation Program 43

LAND Smith & Co will be installing a 100% filtration system to avoid plastic water bottles. Marliene Otto composts and uses leaves to re-mineralize the soil. She gardens. Lint, hair and pet fur can be put safely in the compost. In the spring, you can place these items out into the trees and birds will ‘reuse’ them as nest material. Kim Denis White Clinic Associates has indoor plants. You cannot have well humans on a sick planet. Thomas Berry Foreign vegetation requires extra water and care. Find what grows naturally in our area, a semi-arid climate, to make your backyard bloom.. They have a composting box at the Child Development Centre building to reduce organic waste. The Urban Agriculture Association is a new network dedicated to helping Penticton citizens grow and source food locally. Kathryn McCourt has some tips for gardening in any yard-space. Lettuce and tomatoes can be grown in planters on balconies. Other veggies can also be grown in flower beds along the border of your yard. Also try to plant thirsty plants with shade protection at hours of peak sun, and plant close together for self-shading. This tip is perfect for anyone with a puppy in their life: a doggy-door composter. It is a simple, effective way to clear your lawn of dog feces without sending it to the landfill. Purchase a plastic garbage bin, cut the bottom out, and puncture 44

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy holes around the sides to allow moisture to seep in. Dig a hole in your back yard that will fit the bin into up to the lip. Buy a septic starter and set it in the bottom of the bin. When cleaning up your pet’s waste, simply put it in the hole, add a bit of dirt, and close the lid. After the hole has been filled, remove the garbage bin, rinse it off and repeat the process! By the time the second one has been filled, the compost of the first can be used as fertilizer in your flower garden only. It is not recommended for your vegetable garden. BC Parks, Ministry of Environment builds permeable parking spaces with space in between the bricks so grass can grow and water can travel down to the ground and to the water table. Pesticides are not very environmentally-friendly – and they are unnecessary, too. Harness the co-operative elements of nature in the form of companion planting. While solutions for almost any weed and pest can be found online, here are three examples to give you some inspiration. Are slugs bothering you? Place some pennies around the threatened crop to deter them; they dislike the copper residue. If you have plans to plant tomatoes, put them beside basil or borage to repel worms and attract bees. Carnations deter many hungry insects. Wendy Dion Okanagan College cafeterias are working towards using no Styrofoam products, and eliminating other throwaway containers, to reduce the amount of garbage leaving the site. The kitchens compost their food waste, and some campuses are looking at purchasing their food from local organic farms.


The kind of worm you can use varies.” Backyard Compost is done with bacteria microbes. Another option is worm composting. while trying to promote and educate about recycling in the community. which produce carbon. The RDOS holds workshops about composting. Remember that the compost is like a living organism. Albert Bartlett Picture This puts any edges left over from a frame into the wood chipper. The insects help break down the food. Modern agriculture is the use of land to convert petroleum into food. Set the food waste at bottom. aerate. as landfill dirt for garden use. Phairaohs Hair Studio composts the waste hair. their feces are full of bacteria. This reduces the smell and the number of fruit flies. and browns. For more information. The Campbell Mountain Landfill recycles what they can. “There is certain limits to what we can recycle based on costs so we are looking at what we can direct towards composting. To this.LAND The Penticton campus has a garden landscaped with indigenous species. Cam Baughen 46 . contact them. you require a good mix of greens. which produce nitrogen. dry leaves or finished outdoor compost. Blend the browns and greens. and add water as necessary. chipping or on site re-use. then add a layer of dry newspaper. add materials that produce smells – such as ammonia or methane – to attract bugs.

Of course. droughtresistant choice at your closest garden centre. The Golden Sands keeps indoor plants. If grass is important for your dream yard. Bill Barisoff has a garden in which he grows his own vegetables. thinks the downtown desperately needs a composting site for business’ food waste. An organic. it is drought resistant. manager of Hostelling International Penticton. Penticton and Area Women’s Centre keeps indoor plants. Aside from only needing to be cut once a month. we only have one planet. invest in Eco-Lawn. NASA has reported that indoor plants are able to remove up to 87% of air impurities within one day. John Patterson of Sirius Science and Nature thinks population regulations should be put in place so that the land’s carrying capacity is not exceeded. Planning to landscape your home in the future? Lay down pebbles instead of grass. special blend of seeds. rocks are little fun to play and sunbathe on. they require no maintenance or irrigation.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Brigid Kemp composts all of her food waste. Return what is taken from the Earth. Bill used to make his own apple juice. She recognizes that the environment is everything. Greenery in the home or office are more than just aesthetically pleasing. Lisa Grey-Dreaper. Eco-lawn grass is perfect for Penticton residents. He suggests that you do not cut your lawn every week. it requires 75% less water than a traditional lawn! 47 . Ask for the best native.

It works on both grass and concrete. He tries to be as green as possible. Jennifer Vincent Mott Welsh & Associates employees maintain indoor plants. this will cool it down so your vegetation does not burn. Aja Jackson’s backyard has been transformed into an organic vegetable and flower paradisegarden.LAND Looking for a simple solution for a raised bed garden? To try this technique. Aja shares her 10 foot climbing yellow beans and bush beans with 2 of her 4 48 . Norm Rempel composts. The Penticton Lakeside Resort composts organic material. Consider xeriscaping in your yard. Ensure a regular fertilizing routine – at least once a week with a mild solution. By the beginning of the third week you can start planting with. As an added bonus. or without. the straw bale will be composted enough to become a planting medium the year after. During week two. Start the composting process by pouring equal parts nitrogen and water over it for one week. pick up a straw bale. switch to water exclusively. soil.

49 . As an avid organic gardener. year after year. it gives shade and shelter.Dry them. it’s quiet and it works. fritters. then uses it to grow her own food. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens composts. eat in season as much as possible and reduce noise. He also buys fruit in bulk from local orchards to can or dry for winter. He doesn’t let a lack of garden space keep him from growing his own organic food. label them. No GMO here.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy cats who rush to the patch every morning from July until October. Nick McDonald encourages construction companies to build rammed earth buildings. air and water pollution. and plant them. Chris Halford likes to grow veggies in planters on his patio. In the spring Aja seeds her own garden with heirloom seeds. passed down to her from her gardener father and from her own garden. Capri Insurance employees maintain indoor plants. Aja Jackson only uses a push mower and a rake to keep her grass happy. store them. muffins and more. Do you want to lose weight? Mow with a push mower. kale and carrots in a variety of her recipes: gratin. Aja’s garden sustains her in the summer and fall and in the winter she enjoys her squash. Glenn Marcoux’s fruit and vegetable waste is composted. tomatoes. soup. and to think green. It’s great exercise. pancakes. Aja’s believes in sustainability: support local farmers. Collin Little encourages people to plant some trees.

They like to keep lots of bright and cheery plants in Accent Chocolates. Xeriscaping gardens have been installed in Jon Ferebee’s home. be sure to stir up the contents every few days. Shirley Ducharme conserves habitats. this attracts the insects. A friend who was visiting her from Alberta said he would have bought some if he wasn’t flying home. He throws trash in the garbage can instead of littering. Johanna and Henk Saaltink have decided to share one small car. and keeps plants to help sequester carbon. pesticide-free environment. especially with the beautiful dirt you can buy there. She recom50 .She takes garbage to the dump and sorts it properly. This will suffice.LAND John Vassilaki composts the food waste from restaurants. Rose of Wild Rose Cottage is impressed with the Penticton landfill. Take a quick look around your backyard: do you see any sources of standing water? Anything unnecessary that will hold the rainwater should be removed. For items you wish to keep such as bird fountains. mosquitoes are even more of a nuisance. butterflies and insects that pollinate our flowers. Sam Verigin respectfully minds the birds. With confirmed cases of the West Nile virus in the South Okanagan. and enjoy the fresh air they provide. Shirley Ducharme rakes up leaves at Vaseux lake to prevent fires from burning out of control. fruits and vegetables by providing a safe.

Sam has adopted 7km of Highway 97 . not against. as many alien plants can do catastrophic damage to our local climate. 51 .SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy mends working with nature. any individual that is the age of majority may participate. She says that agriculture such as wheat and tobacco used to be grown in the Okanagan Valley. Kim Moody has everything you need for year-round gardening at Better Than Nature South. She does not use any pesticides. and is less wasted bags going to the land fill. we need to respect and appreciate Mother Nature. Sam Verigin would like to see people learning more about their environment and the surrounding species. Promote forest fire awareness! Laurel Burnham gardens. Restaurants can use indoor gardening to grow their own herbs. Laurel would also like to see more greenhouses being used again. A less known task included is invasive species reporting. Visit the government website to apply. Highway adoption goes beyond supporting the community and improving road aesthetics. and is conscientious of the ani- mal’s well-being. On the benefits of composting: adding organic matter enriches whatever type of soil you have. garden sharing and community nut trees. They sell hydroponic gardening systems for growing indoors without any soil. and would like to see grain crops resurrected here. is very educated in dealing with invasive species. Litter pick-up and recycling has obvious environmental benefits. Eliminating weeds is crucial. Sam lives on 11 acres and keeps as close to the land as possible. as well as widespread gleaning.

when they picture oil. Guy Mc Pherson T ransportation When people think climate change. Consider your next vacation exploring what our own backyard has to offer.The problem is not that the road to Hell is paved with good intentions it’s that the road to Hell is paved. Marliene Otto bikes and buses instead of driving places. Our province is called ‘Beautiful British Columbia’ for a reason. Every litre of gas releases 2. Sue Kirschmann 52 . Flying is responsible for 6-10% of global warming. carbon dioxide and other gases are put directly into the upper atmosphere. they picture oil. they assume vehicles. Over 70% of the crude oil that is excavated in Canada is burned in engines. An average mid sized vehicle releases half a kilo of carbon dioxide for every kilometre and a half you travel.5 kilograms of carbon dioxide.

half of the staff could walk to work. students can ride a bike 53 . On top of that. and promote mass transit by designing class timetables around the bus schedule. Norm Rempel rides his bicycle as much as possible. Karina Chambers Calvin of Meiklejohn Architects drives a hybrid and he encourages people to walk or bike to work as much as they can.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Ride your bicycle to work instead of driving. While idling your car. Okanagan College is building an undersized parking lot to encourage alternate forms of transportation. Andrew Jakubeit went from two vehicles down to one. He drives a small car. the college has implemented a bike lending program. He bikes two to three times a week when he is able. Some BC Parks. Starr Elwood Suzanne Fry walks to the bank. and sometimes walks. To save on gas. Walk to work. don’t idle your car. Ministry of the Environment park facilities operators currently drive electric vehicles or use pedal bikes with tailors hitched to them to move equipment around. instead of driving. David Oosterveld of Jumpstart suggests people leave the car at home and walk or bike to work. it uses twice as much gas. walk everywhere. For a $20 deposit.

They also buy bus passes for some clients. Dan Braithwait biked between Penticton and Summerland all summer for work. the more funding they will receive. 54 . walks or bikes to work. The more people that use the bus. and would like to see improvement of transportation systems. Liz Wilson. Okanagan College is working with the City of Penticton and the Rotary Club to build more bike paths to connect the city. more fuel efficient trucks to reduce emissions. Bike racks have been installed at the Child Development Centre so that employees can bike to work. an employee at the Fire Hall. and recently bought smaller. Some campuses provide lockers for storage of bikes when they are not being used. and take the bus instead of driving. Niguel Synnuck walks everywhere. which will lead to improved services. and use it whenever possible. G.TRANSPORTATION for the semester. Greyback Construction is in the process of getting their first carbon footprint assessment. Cindi Tomochko economizes car travel by planning all errands for the same trip. Devins rides his bike to work when the weather is good. Take the time to learn the routes of the local transit system. when within a similar area.

and more for Kelowna. at other times. to encourage young adults not to get a car. pick up hitch-hikers. She would like to see a city bicycle program. The Arc Program uses hybrid company cars. Les Poloskey rides his motorcycle to work instead of driving a car. she takes advantage of car-pooling. a bus to Westbank. and take turns driving. Mariah Machniak of Trim Tax walks to work when she can. Rob McLaren suggests carpooling as a useful tool against excess carbon emissions. and more cars being taken off of the road. During the warmer months. Laurel does not drive. a city pedi-cab program. 55 .SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Good Sky of Journey to Successful Employment wants to see more bus accessibility for work. try to fill all the seats in your car when travelling long distances. Also. and encourages others to do the same. She would like to see free bus passes. Jarrod Dunham of Dunham Taylor walks to work. Arrange to ride to work with co-workers. One day a week. You are part of the solution by taking transit. Laurel Burnham recognizes that people can bicycle or walk anywhere in Penticton. Mary Belcher tries to walk around town instead of driving. Dave Hehr sold his old truck and bought a newer one to reduce his carbon emissions.

and bikes to the store. of Larsen Agencies. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens walks to work. and for a dollar you can join the other passengers afterwhich you are let off at. Johanna and Henk Saaltink Finn Larsen. use mini-busses like they do in many other parts of the world. In winter he uses only one small vehicle . wants to see bus service from Penticton to Summerland. 56 . Any citizen would have the opportunity to drop off their compostable waste after attending a short training session. In England. or very near to. There is a direct correlation between the weight of a car and its energy consumption. take a small car. it helped to keep the cars small. you do not have to wait very long. For public transportation. your destination. The Government can help the transition by basing the annual fee on the weight of the car. where they do not have money to waste.TRANSPORTATION The Shatford Centre is considering the development of a community compost site. John Vassilaki thinks a better bus system is needed.

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Imagine Penticton Economic Development Services supports the development of sustainable building practices and initiated an economic investment zone strategy to encourage development that incorporates environmental development alternates in the community. As part of this program an environmental checklist has been developed that provides new development and existing business with incentives to adopt a greener approach to development in the community. The application process is available online at the City of Penticton. Imagine Penticton’s mandate is to attract, enhance and retain businesses in Penticton. Their website promotes and encourages local companies to think green and its attraction strategy is seeking businesses that contribute to a greener economy. In 2011 the organization is targeting green technology companies and Imagine Penticton is working with valley EDO’s through a Foreign Direct Investment attraction strategy to target united Kingdom green technology companies to build relationships, emigrate and invest in the region. This program follows a leading edge Metabridge program with Silicon Valley in the uSA. The manufacturing and industrial sector in the City of Penticton includes a number of innovate leading edge green manufacturers examples of the type of businesses includes Slimline manufacturing (evaporation of tailings ponds, environmental clean-up), Structurlam Products Ltd a leading edge producer of (beetle kill), natural wood fibre for the construction industry. McCoy Ltd. a company that produces trailers for the wind energy industry and a number of high-tech firms that are developing new software and wireless technology.



In 2009 the City of Penticton agreed to support the south Okanagan Regional Growth Strategy (RGS) this program is a long term commitment to manage growth in the south Okanagan of the Regional District Okanagan-Similkameen (RDOS). The RGS expresses a vision for the south Okanagan that is rooted in sustainability, often defined as, “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The program supports a 20 year vision of the region and has a number of goals: 1. Economy: promote sustainable economic diversification 2. Environment: ensure the health of ecosystems 3. Governance: foster inclusive and accountable governance 4. Human Settlement: strengthen rural and urban community identity 5. Infrastructure: maximize the efficient use of infrastructure 6. Social: create safe, culturally diverse and healthy communities Further, The City of Penticton is currently introducing a climate action plan to reduce green house emissions. The details of this program are still in the early stage of development. David Arsenaul


All things are possible once enough people realize that everything is at stake. Norman Cousins

Reciting the 3 R's is as natural as the ABCs. unfortunately, many people still consider recycling to begin - and end - with paper and bottles in the blue bin. This is a great step that almost every contributor suggested; however, it is easy to get creative with your reusing and recycling. This chapter is dedicated to all the items you may have never realized could avoid the landfill. Consider this: in Brazil’s largest landfill, Jardim Gramacho, workers removed 200 tons of recyclable material a day. Penticton and Area Women’s Centre staff photocopy on both sides of a sheet of paper, and recycle paper, plastics and metal. The left over soap bottles are given to Canadian Food for Children at the Penticton Lakeside Resort. They also have on-site recycling. Capri Insurance employees take turns bringing home the office recycling, and ICBC recycles licence plates. 59

Penticton Accounting Centre employees keep a blue box under their desk to collect paper. Donn Doe. needles. John Holmes recycles. Penticton General Hospital has recycling program. and their metals. including the paper and plastic packages on syringes. She is concerned about the rumour that we will soon be unable to recycle colored glass. They also recycle the oil containers. Athletes World uses recycled boxes.RECyCLING Mott Welsh & Associates employees shred and recycle paper. They reuses magazines. and cardboard. Smith & Co has a recycled tire floor patio. paper. Brigid Kemp recycles. recycles their oil. Greyback Construction's Purchasing and Warehouse Manager. and drug containers. but you can actually get paid for your oil. Currently. stationary. Penticton School of Hair recycles bottles and cans. The Penticton Fire and Rescue Hall recycles batteries. Not many people know this. Penticton Accounting Centre would like to see the building they rent develop a recycling program for their offices. They donate mannequin heads to the Cancer Society. one of them drives up to the land fill to drop it off. and resell or give away old equipment. He would like to see more recycling bins installed in town. Donn also sorts and recycles 60 . Then.

Deborah Stewart sorts all her plastic. Cindi Tomochko uses the fabric shopping bags while shopping. Ministry of Environment campgrounds have recycling bins. these bags need to be washed regularly to avoid e-coli bacteria build-up. 61 . They also give back their cardboard boxes to delivery companies to be re-used. A canvas bag will last significantly longer in the rinse cycle than a plastic one. cardboard. While any reusable bag is a great improvement over disposable ones. installs bird proof garbage bins. Penticton General Hospital is choosing digital over paper for medical information. patients charts. provides education of behaviour with signage. BC Parks. cardboard. BC Parks. She owns technologies that have been out-dated that she still uses. Ministry of Environment aims to balance recreation with conservation. so that she is not wasting valuable resources. and medical literature. Their used oil filters are picked up to be re-used as well. They recycle their toner/ink cartridges as well. Wendy Dion would like to remind people to pick the cloth bags over their plastic counterparts. Not only is plastic a commodity we must phase out. and metals. Greyback Construction sorts and recycles all of their paper for pick up. etc.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy wood. and installs picnic tables with concrete bases and cedar composite tops. and especially emphasizes remembering to recycle your paper and paper towel rolls. for recycling.

They also built the picnic tables along the Channel Parkway. Some of the more experienced workers also do bike repairs and tune-ups. or salvage for parts. A. Greyback Construction keeps files digitally to reduce paper use. Sherri Leochko heads the wood shop. They save hundreds of bikes from the land-fill each year. Okanagan College utilizes an online sustainability checklist (S.RECyCLING Sweets 4 My Sweetie's Pamela Patterson re-uses her candy containers The Penticton and District Society for Community Living provides part-time employment to people with developmental disabilities through programs that also benefit the environment. Picture This recycles things such as paper and cardboard. where they rely on donations of salvaged wood. One of their clubs is CIFE. damaged or found bikes that they repair and re-sell. and they are building community partnerships to help share their knowledge and expertise. They build skids for local orchards and fill orders for The Foundry. Any scraps too small to build with are saved for firewood. T. 62 . The Okanagan College is also collecting bottles for a drive for a fund to build a school in Africa. R. They also rely on donations of old. Sustainability concepts are taught in the Okanagan College curriculum. for students interested in free enterprise and corporate sustainability.) for North American institutions of higher education. Jim Clarke is in charge of the bike shop.

Did you know even your old prescription glasses can be recycled? Waterfront Eyecare has a drop to find the location closest to you. don’t throw them away. At WINGS. Barbara Olsen The Golden Sands Motel recycles. and uses both sides of sheets of paper. the eye doctors then travel to third world countries and distributes them to those in need. Most families have outdated electronics abandoned in their home. Rona. E-Waste workers retrieve electronics from the landfill monthly. once in a while. Older electronics are petalized and smelted down into their precious metal components. use call2recycle. Eleanor Summer would like to see a better way to drop off used items on the curb for re-use by others. Store them together in a small jar or container and. they would like to be able to recycle things that they used to be able to. tubing. The glasses are shipped to Burnaby and picked up by World Vision. or Staples. and other various devices at EWaste. such as copper wiring. instead. hosted by Lion’s Club International. Newer devices and those that work are sold whole or in parts. White Clinic Associates recycles. Some examples are: Canadian Tire. they could save space by dropping off old computers.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy If you’re still using single-charge ‘disposable batteries’. Cheryl. Gary Schakel 63 . which circulates them to optometrists. bring them all together where they can be safely disposed. televisions. As well as offering a free-drop off location. and computers.

V. She also ties scraps of fabric together to make recycled yarn.A. Construction can lead to a lot of excess parts. Burger 55 recycles boxes and bags. and cell phone to an electronic recycling depot. and recycles computers at the Bottle Depot. Theresa Sekora would like to see people recycling whatever they can. 64 . She uses them as rags and patches. He took an old T. Save-On-Foods provides a Bottle and Can Deposit service. They recycle at the airport. Manulife recycles paper. towels and linens to use for scrap material. their purpose is sorting through the landfill and reusing the scavenged wood. and takes bottles to the Bottle Depot. Laura Saunders re-uses plastic and garbage bags. Scott Buchanan recycles whatever he can. James Proteau of Hands on Handyman Services recycles metal by bringing it to Action Steel Sales. Midas encourages people to recycle old parts: plastic.E.C.. Brenda Hallworth Amanda Graf saves all her old clothes.RECyCLING yet another of P. and not all of them are proper for use in other projects. or to sew into new clothes.’s environmental initiatives is Waste Knot.

batteries. tires. The South Okanagan Immigrant and Community Services re-uses newspapers. Red Tuque Books. they work well for packing items. as a small business. Meiklejohn Architects uses old rug samples as door mats. engine oil and scrap metal. If you are an artist or have crafty children. office supplies and ink cartridges. Trim Tax recycles newspaper. Journey to Successful Employment recycles. He receives recycled shipping containers from Hooked on Books as well as book display stands from the local Coles and Save on Foods. anti-freeze. and reuses their binders.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy cardboard. 65 . They use the Paper Shuffle recycling service. David Korinetz reuses packaging and display materials in his business. phones. Newspapers can be used beyond the birdcage. do everyone –including the environment – a big favor by taking them off their hands for your own use. a few sheets can be perfect for protecting tables and carpets. and all electronics that no longer work. The Jumpstart Program recycles paper and plastic. and as kindling in a wood stove. and recycle plastic and metal in the bins at the back of the office. wrapping presents. The Child Development Centre teaches children the value of recycling. Larger organizations have many displays they see as temporary.

cardboard. picture frames. water bottles. broken stone tiles and plates. They also donate their bottles to the school bottle drive.RECyCLING When Elaine Track of Skyview Blinds has outdated fabric swatches. Elaine gives to elementary schools for crafts. Specs Optical they recycle all of their paper after shredding it. 66 . and wood. Niki also teaches classes. dead and mis-cut keys. and cans. A bit of imagination will lead you to creative uses for your ‘waste’ also. and broken locks to Action Steel for recycling. At Dr. and to the local college for use in their interior design programs. cardboard and plastic. Some include half tubes of paint. The Marketplace IGA recycles their paper. and her studio. One of the most creative ways to repurpose materials is for creative arts. bring back life to discarded and donated material. even her students bring in and utilize old materials. Both Niki Hylins’ art. she donates instead of disposing them. Dale Fleming at Lockworks sends all of his scrap metal. Dawn Doyle of Polka Dot Consignment encourages businesses to set up recycling bins for receipts not taken by customers. The Phairaohs Hair Studio recycles paper. 24/7 Convenience Store has a recycle bin outside.

Jarrod of Dunham Taylor recycles used and shredded paper. True Colors.A. Edward Ecclestone has been crafting affordable housing for birds. She would like to see blue box recycling of vinyl.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Andrew Jakubeit of The Groove Yard recycles.. he builds the birdhouses using the cast-off waste wood from P&E Lumber and various cabinet shops. Inside a wood shop at the back of the P. and recycles paper. Elaine Burnie tells us that vinyl records can be recycled in either Kelowna or Surrey. and recycle all supplement bottles. building. If 67 . Benjamin Moore Paints participates in the old paint drop-off program at the Bottle Depot. plastic and metal.C. The Care Closet Thrift Store recycles used clothes. The Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea shop recycles all plastic and cardboard. A fine example of ‘another man’s treasure’. They recycle all of their paper in the blue bin at Shadowfax Communications.E. Vitamin King takes advantage of the downtown recycling program. Suzanne Fry of Global Securities Corporation recycles as much as possible. Paper Shuffle is a non-profit recycling program used by many companies in the Okanagan Valley.

metal. The Arc Program suggests having recycling bins in the hall for each kind of material. For example.RECyCLING they cannot be sold in the store. and make rags out of sheets. the whole community saved it in the vote. Ken Mountford uses chopped down trees from orchards and yards for woodwork. Wild Rose Cottage recycles. William Leggott of Classic Guitar’s suggests. plastic and metal. don’t smash your guitars – recycle them! Have extra wool ends? Consider making hats and redistribute them to the less fortunate. the summer clothes get sent to Africa. personal gifts. the front doors of the building are made from repurposed wood salvaged from the demolition of the old one. The Shatford Centre is a building that has recycling at its heart. and even ceiling panels. glass. Make sure to recycle paper from copiers and printers. He makes crafts. Terry Terbasket tells us that at The Footprints Centre they use discarded. They also save and re-use buttons. scrap paper to make their own notepads. and the winter clothes get sent to Northern Canada. 68 . toys. they are reusing every material they can: wood. and ornaments which make great. Okanagan Cosmetology Institute recycles cardboard. As it is being rebuilt.

They recycling everything from peanuts and corrugated packing material. Action Steel. picks up Summit Trailer Ltd. EnviroWest Inc.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy April Cameron finds and utilizes recycled bike parts to fix up her bike.’s waste fluids. and re-uses things when they are reusable. on Barnes between Dawson & Warren. leftover cloth is turned into kitchen aprons and emergency kits for young mothers at the Pen Hi Daycare. The Heart and Stroke Foundation picks up their waste batteries. Joey Cyr wants to see recycling bins everywhere. Summit Trailer Ltd deposits waste metal at the metal recycler. un-used things to thrift stores in town. juice tins and milk cartons are used in the process of candle making. For example. Owner Jackie Kromm recycles cans at home. Jon Ferebee of Astral Radio retrofitted his house. and anti-freeze. The UPS Store employees use both sides of the sheet prior to recycling. while Kal-Tire removes their old tires. The students of the Penticton Alternate School utilize recycled materials for their craft and shop projects. Nick McDonald suggests that wood needs to be recycled whenever possible. to paper boxes. He takes old. elastic 69 . oil. and at her work place. Penticton Computer Teach-Ease participates in Encorp Return-It Electronic recycling program. Peaches Lingerie donates gently used bras to WINGS.

The frames are re-used and old fabric is used to extend and tie new materials together. Shirley Ducharme recycles. yet still can serve a purpose. and toner cartridges. tractors and ATV's. keeping it fresh and fashionable. Don't buy new when used will do. He can also replace springs in cushions and re-upholster seats for motorcycles. The Stewart Thomas Group recycles toner. find the Penticton chapter online. Sam Verigin says recycling is so easy! Many people can benefit in a community that chooses to sell or give away items that are no longer wanted or needed. Penticton Visitors Centre uses both sides of the paper. and re-uses old books to save trees. or as a half-sheet scrap writing pad. or even convert a couch into a love-seat if you're moving into a smaller space.” Looking to recycle something a bit more complex than a piece of paper? Hoping to adopt a lightly used piece of furniture or technology? The Craigslist of the environment. and give recyclables to street people. Laurel Burnham is an adamant recycler. to take back to the depot for 70 . Mindy Rollins would like to see improvements made to our existing recycling methods.RECyCLING bands. Freecycle connects people that would like to donate items with those that need something. Gary Lee at Town and Country Upholstery has been repairing and re-upholstering furniture since 1972.

As such. South Okanagan Sustainability is not simply a book for the environment. An individual with information cannot help but take responsibility. Capri Insurance employees bring their lunches in reusable plastic and glass containers. it is impossible to assign neat categories to every aspect of it.An individual without information cannot take responsibility. it is a reflection of how Pentictonites live. many of the tips presented under miscellaneous surprised us in a great way and defied assimilation. While every chapter contains innovative ideas. 71 . we noticed this with many of the contributions we received. Jane Carlzon Miscellaneous With life's complexity. and the world we want to see. Les Olson of Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea keeps older appliances. and repairs them. Barry Watson would like everyone to switch from plastic bags to biodegradable ones.

and Water Efficiency. The Meiklejohn Architects office is sustainably built with a wood frame. from Certified to Platinum. and advertising locally for staffing needs. and baking soda around the house instead of harsh chemical cleaners.MISCELLANEOuS Marliene Otto has trained her cat to use the instead of a litter box. builders. The level is decided by a point total. 72 . Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) has expanded to include 30 countries – Canada included. vinegar. Burger 55 prints company t-shirts in town at ECM. Indoor Environmental Quality. Journey to Successful Employment employs citizens. The Child Development Centre supports locals and a sustainable economy through local maintenance. Aside from four different levels. They hire local trades people. In '98. as of 2003. and trains them to be employed locally. cork floors.S. Materials and Resources. They encourage employees to bring a ceramic mug to their coffee shop. A third-party evaluation is conducted to determine the height of a building's green rank. gift certificates and signage in town at Print Factory. all projects have prerequisites to qualify at all. modular carpeting. These may include Energy and Atmosphere. They print stickers. and green carpet tiles made from nylon and rubber. Developed in the U. Meiklejohn Architects creates eco-construct building designs and apply for LEED status on the buildings they work on. which is calculated in categories. Sustainable Sites. She uses salt.

has implemented a Give and Take Room in their office. P. 73 . While plastic bags are being phased out. The televisions in Tiki Shores are being replaced with sets manufactured using recycled materials that use less electricity. and disinfecting wipes. At home. and wash them at home.Geothermal Heating & Cooling. Penticton School of Hair students bring their own dishes from home to reuse. Open to anyone. Just a few of these include steel-toed boots. South Okanagan Women In Need Society tries to use electronic forms for documents instead of paper.E.A. paper bags still have their merits. to be considerate of people with allergies. and does this with hand lotion as well. They can be made from recycled paper. She uses up any toothpaste before throwing it out. are decomposable. and a water filtration Company. pots.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Taco Time hires locals. James Proteau Terry of Smith & Co also owns two sustainability companies . They wipe down surfaces with water. Debra Webb cuts open toothpaste tubes when they are fully squeezed. Brenda Hallworth Penticton and Area Women’s Centre staff use reusable cups. the room has become filled with a variety of treasures. and stores it in a lidded container so the toothpaste stays moist.C. and stand up nicely. They try to limit the resources they utilize.

MISCELLANEOuS A combined $27. What follows is only a few examples of many. Net Zero energy status A hot water system powered by solar A green roof Ground source cooling and heat pump Lightweight construction The use of wood from trees killed by the pine-beetle Architecture designed to limit the necessity of preservatives and adhesives Much of the materials used in construction were locally sourced A ‘petri dish’ on the rooftop for the purpose of experimentation 74 . the Okanagan College and donors. giving them access to more than just extra classrooms: the facility itself is an example of many of the cutting-edge. ecologically-focused technologies they will study. Aside from educational programs. It was designed to meet the strict environmental standards set out by the Living Building Challenge. all with sustainability in mind.085 m2 building will house over eight hundred new students.6 million. involving students. from the government. the Living Building will be a hub for research and development by numerous organizations. The Centre of Excellence has numerous qualities that make it an environmental benchmark for future Canadian developments. The 7. was put into the construction of the aptly named Centre of Excellence.

due to planned obsolescence. Dave Anderson Mott Welsh & Associates employees use washable cloth dish towels. Organize ‘Green Teams’ in your office. Eleanor Summer would like to see better wet-waste pick up and management methods implemented. The Golden Sands uses cloth towels.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Eleanor Summer sees a problem with electronics being treated nowadays as throw away products. and they are quite proud of her efforts. She would love to see this changed. SOWINS developed the Wisdom and Energy program to bring together our older and younger citizens. It is an original "Myshala" masterpiece. use initiatives and the competitive spirit to motivate your team to be the most sustainable. collars. They will be sewing products such as pet beds. bags. 75 . An example of one possible challenge: which team’s garbage cans are the least full after two weeks? Debbie Oviatt. The Penticton Alternate School has a unique reminder to be green. and purses. and the development of a re-store for others to bring in their old materials for re-use. The 3 R's on the wall of the school were created and painted by a student who felt they needed a constant reminder to make sure they were doing as much as they could. Employees at Penticton School of Hair carefully track and consolidate garbage into one main bag and throw out only one of those daily (2 only on particularly busy days). waste-diversion jobs created.

Michael Pearce would like to see research programs to look into the efficiency of consumer products. Many companies use posters and displays in advertising. He buys local as much as possible. The government needs to instil strong policies. and in the same fashion we are if we want to have any for future use. only to toss them later. Little Green Book helps break the barriers between the businesses and their buyers by education and awareness of sustainable developments. such as old chemical bottles and recycling in general. We can’t keep using our resources at the same rate. Starr Elwood uses reusable bags for her grocery shopping. Norm Rempel uses fabric bags. Set standards. because standards matter. Consider instead setting up a draw. 76 . The consumers are able to share their personal steps and celebrate those of their friends. making the benefits twofold. the corporate side allows them to promote their projects and benchmark their competition. Its all about choices. Little Green Book is a social networking site with an environmental twist. Encouraging businesses to be green. Hilma LaBelle of South Okanagan Immigrant & Community Services believes that newcomers to Canada may lack community knowledge of what to do with finished products. as well as environmental education at the school level. Customers can even be asked to donate cans of food to enter. Look out for the site’s beta launch in mid 2011. Education is important as it helps us to make informed decisions in the future.MISCELLANEOuS Being developed by Jennifer and Nicholas Vincent.

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy for example: watering restrictions. Andrew buys and shops locally when he can. McCoy encourages every business to have an environmental co-ordinator that will gauge their sustainability level. Millie Williams would like to see new city counsellors because it would promote a new. which keep heat in during the winter and out during the summer. and they have qualified for the FortisBC FLIP program. Coles Bookstore charges five cents for plastic bags. from chair track lights all the way to door exit signs. She would also like for wages to be increased. They also use biodegradable and paper bags. and they use small space heaters. the proceeds go to support the World Wildlife Fund . They wash cloth towels with cold water. and give them tailored information on how to be more green. Suzanne Fry uses fabric bags. as it would lead to a stronger. The School already uses energy efficient light bulbs. Andrew Jakubeit uses fabric bags 95% of the time while shopping. The salon and the classroom have R-rated Levelors blinds. younger point of view. Penticton School of Hair just bought and installed a new efficient gas hot water tank. Lyndsay encourages everyone to get an annual heat. power and water assessment for their business. more sustainable economy. This gives them funding to switch to eco-friendly lighting. 77 . Vanessa Ash of Vitamin Kings informs us that they encourage and help teach customers about their practices.

Janette and Andrea of Spa Tranquila like how holistic Penticton is. John Vassilaki thinks areas under development need to be properly utilized. While any reusable bag is a great improvement over disposable ones.B. Chris Cornett.y. Astral Radio hires locally when possible. in terms of recycling. Not only is plastic a commodity we must phase out. Shirley Ducharme uses fabric bags. these bags need to 78 . – bring your own bag. cities should be self-sustainable. and reiki. Wendy Dion would like to remind people to pick the cloth bags over their plastic counterparts. Also.He thinks people have to change their attitudes. All photography is now done digitally due to enhanced technology within the industry.O. The Sutton-Power 1 Realty office is going digital to reduce paper waste. and encouraging students to be sustainable themselves. They share locations with another business to cut down on power and water usage. and think differently of others as well as the community as a whole.MISCELLANEOuS Allen Paul suggests people B. naturopathy. he hires locals. Photography by Chris’ owner. They also volunteer for green and sustainable events when possible. To support this. doesn’t use color lab chemicals anymore. First Strike Training Centre makes sustainable choices by encouraging healthy living and teaching.

they use re-usable bags. They teach health-related subjects to both youth and adults at Footprints to Technology. it becomes a lot all together. Okanagan Cosmetology Institute uses reusable cups and dishes. They offer local job placements. about her environmental precedents. They use digital cameras for taking photographs. a very green form of healing. Bill also thinks we need to teach others. education is the key. This form of therapy is all-natural and. Voth Photography makes sustainable choices by printing less and providing clients photos on CDs or DVDs that are archival. By speaking directly to the cells. eliminating the need for chemicals.E system can treat hundreds of conditions.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy be washed regularly to avoid bacteria build-up. he does some canning with his wife. Sam Verigin informs all of the tenants that visit her business. being pill-free. Marketing material is smaller sizes. Something Special B&B. Bill Barisoff is enthusiastic about any small positive changes: he re-uses wherever possible. Bill recognizes that if everyone does a little bit. A canvas bag will last significantly longer in the rinse cycle than a plastic one.F.I. and they hire local printers that are going green in their choices of printing and paper. the L. Heart & Soul’s business revolves around biofeedback and electromagnetic therapy. Adorning the walls of The Bench Artisan Food Market 79 .

MISCELLANEOuS you will find local artist’s works featured and for sale. as well as other artisans. 80 . Everything from advertising to billing has a paper-free alternative thanks to the huge popularity of the internet. including paintings and photographs. C4Wise. Their entire business is digitally based. Use fabric bags while shopping. and buy what you can from thrift stores. a web design business for artists. lowering the use of paper significantly. focuses on the ‘reduce’ that comes before ‘recycle’.

and benefit from. Carbon sequestering Also referred to as carbon capture and storage. one of which includes artificial trees that absorb carbon dioxide at an accelerated rate. Some of these are highly unique. Companion gardening A pesticide and chemical-free way to control pests. pro81 . you may want to brush up on the language. it is the attempt to reverse it. After removing it from the atmosphere.Glossary The environmental movement has grown to such an extent that it has developed its own jargon. and others have found their way into everyday conversation. Welcome to Sustainability 101. the sequestering of CO2 goes beyond reducing the damage we do. the carbon is typically reinjected underground. It isn’t complicated. There are many processes being developed to accomplish this. To fully contribute to. just read through the terms below and you will soon be fluent in eco-linguistics. the green whispers that are permeating the community.

While also beneficial. By inputting a variety of information on things such as your choice of transportation. Compost A centuries-old technique to dispose of organic matter that. we would need 4. energy consumption and eating habits. organic fertilizer. composting is simply the harnessing of the natural decomposition process. it is clear many of us are unfamiliar with this term. can be used once more. This calculation can be an eyeopener. excluding land and water considerations. Gleaning. with each aggregation providing different results. it becomes a nutrient-rich soil that acts as a perfect. While it can be a multi-step process. It is accomplished by planting different crops close to one another. A similar.GLOSSARy mote pollination. as it includes how many Earths it would require for the entire population to live at the same level.3 Earths to sustain everyone. you will receive a number in 'global acres'. The internet is a great resource in discovering tried-and-true combinations. it is typically done 82 . with time. it only measures greenhouse gas emission. is an ancient tradition that ensured no food item would be wasted. for all to live as the average Canadian. In modern times. beside the one that is being affected. but separate measurement. Gleaning With all of the beautiful vegetation that decomposes on the sidewalks of Penticton every summer. Ecological footprint Many calculators have emerged on the internet that can assess your 'ecological footprint'. is the 'carbon footprint'. the collection of leftover crops. A common example is planting vegetation disliked by the pest bothering you. and encourage nutrient uptake. As the waste is broken down by micro-organisms or composting worms. As of 2007.

and this includes space. your plants won't mind! Grey water is 'waste water' that is left over from laundry. Grey water can be used in your toilet's water tank. Educate yourself on the hazardous species in the South Okanagan and report sightings through the Invasive Alien Plant Program's Report-A-Weed. Some greenery flourishes here as a great advantage to us. plant and animal life that is not native to the area. Irrigation A gardening term. Removing these nuisances is not always simply a matter of pulling the roots from the ground. The benefits can go beyond planting vegetation. moderates temperature. others. bathing.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy after an area has been commercially harvested. and as irrigation for vegetation. and potentially damaging. destroy the local environment to survive. Pick away before it rots away! Green roof Also known as a “living roof ”. Invasive alien species This sci-fi-esque term actually pertains to the often annoying. Recycling water is a great step towards sustainability. your ceiling can easily double as the base of your garden expansion. and it is no longer profitable to collect what remains. It refers specifically to the artificial addition 83 . An aspect of sustainability is getting the most out of local resources. and the like. unfortunately. it makes use of precious rainwater. Grey water While you may not wish to drink dish water. this term may be self-explanatory. and is a more natural home for birds than wooden houses. irrigation is not as general as 'the watering of plants'. especially with Penticton's dry climate. With proper support.

the buyer is then required to purchase a replacement prematurely. involve the minimal amount of effort and resources. a sustainable choice would be to avoid doing this as much as possible. Environmentalism comes into play with the consideration of resource use.GLOSSARy of water to the soil. Permaculture is an approach to the designing of ecological systems. Permaculture A crucial aspect of sustainability is the proper use of land. cells. Planned obsolescence is an economic boost for a manufacturer. transportation fuel. typically by use of solar panels and cells. and be as efficient as possible. 'rammed earth' can also be used to describe a style of building also. Disposable does not mean biodegradable. Solar panels are made up of photovoltaic. Planned Obsolescence It may be more than just nostalgia that causes people to claim products were made better 'back in the day'. or solar. many of these fated products are made of hard to recycle materials such as plastic. Photovoltaics Consider this a fancy way to discuss solar energy. Rammed earth usually a technique. By accounting for the relationship between all parts of the system. The origin of its title give insight into its purpose: it is a portmanteau of “permanent agriculture” and “permanent culture”. It is the scientific term to describe the method of collecting electricity from the sun. at the expense of both the consumer and the environment. and excess waste. Due to water scarcity in the Okanagan. By designing an item to break down in a given amount of time. beyond what is provided by rain. With the influx of environ84 . it is developed to be stable.

our lifestyles cannot require multiple planets to be destroyed. Sustainability Defined as “the capacity to endure”. A rammed earth building is constructed with the raw materials of the earth. though still enough to avoid desert classification. such as dirt.. Transition Town Transition Towns are communities that have signed up to become part of a positive. To be truly sustainable. also. sustainability-focused movement.. We must find balance in returning to our roots and taking advantage of our technological discoveries. and living within the means. is a community-led response to the pressures of climate change. Semi-arid While not a sustainable term per se. chalk and gravel. and the reverse is true. this perfectly reflects the reality that every aspect of our lives is tied into our environment.. Penticton and Kelowna have both begun devel85 . A semi-arid climate (or 'sub-humid zone') is one that receives little precipitation. From TransitionNetwork. of our local environment. it becomes immediately clear that water preservation should be one of our home's greater “A Transition Initiative . We must unite as a community . this term may seem too broad for our purposes.a Sustainable South Okanagan. it is one every South Okanagan resident should understand.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy mental concern.” As of 2011. However. this old method has found popularity once more. economic contraction. fossil fuel depletion and increasingly. By knowing this. Aside from its sustainable assets. a home made this way is durable and temperate. understanding of our climate is essential to taking care. We must break our addiction to oil and be able to provide for ourselves on a local scale..

The issue arises when we forgo moderation. This tends to include a system that efficiently utilizes rain water.GLOSSARy oping Transition Town initiatives! Upcycle Much like recycling. 86 . Xeriscaping. Measured in parts per million. The truth is. The key difference is that the resulting products tend to be of a higher quality. carbon dioxide is getting a pretty bad reputation. 350 With all of this climate change talk. action can still be taken to reduce this number. or of greater environmental value. also known as xerogardening. Fortunately. a safe amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere was determined to be 350. upcycling involves the use of waste materials. Nature knows what it is doing. and focuses on planting succulent – water-retaining – plants. we have reached 388 parts per million. refers to a landscape design that involves as little irrigation as possible. this is where the number 350 has come from. CO2 is necessary for vegetation to breathe and maintain comfortable temperatures. Xeriscaping The importance of this term is high within the South Okanagan. As of 2010.

Katelyn Cole is a purebred Nova Scotian maritimer. A self proclaimed passionista. song writing and dancing. firstly to Thailand to visit her Father. Constantly excercising her love for photography. Carmen McAnulty was born in Kelowna. She plans to travel in the near future. She also intends to study towards becoming a Sterile Instruments Technician. She leaves Sustainable Choices very self aware and motivated. Carmen's heart lies in singing. tattoos. She likes music. and volunteer at orphanages in the surrounding area. excited and eager to see what her future brings. BC a mere 20 years ago. she's always searching to capture the beauty in simplicity. and the environment. piercings. 87 ... Facebook .

and appreciates being in this great. 88 . if you liked the looks of the cover or the voice of the glossary. he went from the city of over the world. Aspiring to be an artist. It His mom married a man from was there that they became permanent residents of Canada. and into Alberta. so Cartagena to the little towns that are Samir and his siblings moved to Venesuela. then the united States. he worked all Columbia. sustainable: with farms. Samir loves to work out. Samir. and his mother moved to Penticton and bought a home near Skaha. she has done a variety of jobs ranging from a mural painting to t-shirt and web design. For three years. in South America. Some time later. contact her at a_olsen@live. B. cows and even some homes without Samir Rodriguez was born in Canada. Sustainable Choices has prepared her for her own literature project . his sister. Aside from the valuable environmental wisdom. as well as the written language.Alyshia Olsen grew up in Penticton. snowy land.a novel. With a love of art.C. Alyshia is seeking freelance work.

He loves trees. a 20 year old political activist. Mark Wall was born and raised in Penticton. In the woods. as well as networking with the politicians themselves. In Summer. And green stuff. And music. He loves Summer. 89 . He once helped a frog across the street.” He enjoyed learning the behind the scenes regarding our governments and their efforts in respect to sustainability and environmentalism. Brennon appreciated getting involved and connected to the community.Brennon Synnuck. It was very enlightening and enriching for him to get insight into individual citizen's needs and wants. Brennon is hoping this insight into the community will help him in his desired future career in politics. Loud music. He hugs trees. With the trees. has helped to develop the South Okanagan Sustainability book along with the other “Sustainability Innovators.

healthy foods. and the connection of information about advancements in environmental preservation development. organic. She is interested in sustainability minded enterprises. She hopes to work as a press secretary for a business that includes sustainability as part of their business plan. 90 . Natalie likes living in harmony with the earth's seasons and eating wholesome.Natalie Webb has a honours bachelors degree in Economics and English Language and Literature.

A copy of South Okanagan Sustainability is being donated to every South Okanagan School. . public libray.Thank you to our sponsors your contributions have enabled us to print two hundred additional books. and various Penticton waiting rooms.





Automate. Buy a programmable thermostat to make setting temperatures easy. crawlspace. Lower your thermostat.Some tips from FortisBC Heat only the rooms you use. Avoid heating unused rooms by closing doors and warm air supply registers. Try getting comfortable by putting on a sweater or slippers instead of turning up the thermostat. It will automatically save energy at night and when you're away from home. . and make it easy. or lower the room thermostat for baseboards. attic or storage shed. Turn your thermostat down to 20 degrees Celsius during the day and to 17 degrees Celsius at night to save as much as 15 per cent on the heating part of your energy bill. Avoid heating non-insulated spaces such as a garage.

use the right type of light for the job. you can caulk between the doorframe and the wall. Keep things like bleach. . A dirty furnace filter delivers less air. Lighting can account for up to 10% of the energy consumption in your home. such as reading lamps. use weatherstripping to seal around door openings and windows. use task-appropriate lighting. Try using timers and motion sensors for outdoor lighting. One of the best ways to conserve energy is to simply turn off lights when not in use or when you leave the room. Keep your furnace clean. Ensure yours is clean. Turn off lights when not in use. Instead of illuminating an entire room. Close the fireplace chimney damper between fires to keep warm air in during the winter and out during the summer. Don't crowd your furnace or boiler! Leave space and air around it. install a door sweep on the bottom edge. use caulking to seal gaps and holes around non-opening windows.Heat can escape from unlikely places. electrical outlets and openings around water pipes and vents. Get a caulking gun. If your exterior entrance door is drafty. To stop drafts under the door. cleaning products and aerosols well away. Make sure there are no combustible materials stored nearby.