Sie sind auf Seite 1von 73

SOIL SCIENCE

SOIL SCIENCE


 

14

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

  

 
        

 
therefore for every water balance analysis. The gradient of the soil mois
   
             
movement.
The soil moisture tension can be recorded using tensiometers by water in
the tensiometer being connected with the pore system of the soil via a
   
           
sure sensor inside the tensiometer. A large variety of versions permits the
 
      
  
   
            
and from short term measurements through to long term monitoring.
  
         

Table of Contents
!! .......................................................................................................... 16
"! .......................................................................................................... 16
#! .......................................................................................................... $
%! .......................................................................................................... $
Tensio 151 .......................................................................................................... 18
&! .......................................................................................................... 18
#!! .......................................................................................................... 19
' 
  ......................................................................................................... 19
()  ............................................................................................................ "!
*     .................................................................................................. 21

www.ugt-online.de

15

SOIL SCIENCE
!!

M!!


  !!  
   
tensiometer for the simple and
   
    
moisture tension. The set con
N"     
  J  
  
tube in which the tensiometer is
   
  


ate use and is protected from me
chanical damage. Air bubbles can
be easily recognised through the
acrylic glass tensiometer head.

         



   

Advantages
+Can be easily and safely trans

The soil moisture tension is dis


played on a precision vacuume
  :O &#

?     

  
 
  

to be reduced and the tensiom
eter bled. The measurement unit
itself consists of a V2A standpipe
:O !

?J   )     J


  
   :,P !!((J !>"Q

?N"    

     

+Always ready to use


+Robust design
+( 
 
 


Technical data

+) 
  @
+'  
   @
+ @
+     @

!<%;
!B%!DE
;
#!
F&!
FI!

customised lengths on request

M!!"

"!
Septum tensiometer
 ,
 
    
mits several tensiometers to be
read out using only one instru

      /   


       

   
 
soil moisture tension with many
measurement points. The top
side of the tensiometer is sealed
with a silicone septum so that

 
     0
3  
   

   
 
 
   
7 
can be replaced simply because it
is screwed on using a GL18 thread
or used as a silicon plug depend
ing on design. The ceramic cup
:;<!= "! > %!

? 
  
on a transparent acrylic tube

:O "!

?       7  


therefore easy to read the level of
the tensiometer.

Advantages
+,
   
+(        
one measurement instrument is
required
+Variable lengths in accordance
with the measurement point

Technical data

+) 
  @
+'  
   @
+ @
+     @
16

!<%;
!B%!DE
!J;K";
(       
>"!!

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
#!

M!!#

Laboratory tensiometer
The laboratory tensiometer with
acrylic glass head and highly sen
       / 
   
  
siometer. The ceramic cup with
6.5 mm diameter and a length of
"!

       


measurements with a minimum
         
       

X
    / 
 

obtained from UGT as accessories.


Air bubbles are easy to recognise
and eliminate through the acrylic
head with bleed screw. The ten
siometers can be installed in any
        
to determine the soil moisture
tension in test setups in labora
tory scale. A laboratory interface
is also supplied for direct connec
 ;E

Advantages
+S0   
+Can be used in very small sam
ples / soil sample rings
+,  


Technical data

+) 
  @
+'  
   @
+ @
+Power supply:
+     @

B!!<%;
!BQ!DE
K!#;
5 V constant / 1 mA constant
#$

customised lengths on request

%!

M!!Q

Pressure transducer tensiometer


The pressure transducer tensiom
   /     

of the simple handling of the mo
    
      
 3   
!!  
  J 
measurement system consists of
 N"   :O !

? 
N"   J)  
  
 :,P!!((J
!>"Q

?

The soil moisture tension is meas


   
sure transducer in the light metal

  :7;&%? 

    
  
and sealed cable permit low inter
ference transmission of data also
over long distances.
The standard length of the cable
is 5 m.

Advantages
+Good long term stability
+S
  
+Robust design

Technical data

+) 
  @
+'  
   @
+ @
+     @
+7   ,)W
  

B"!<%;
!BQ!DE
K!#;
#!
F&!
FI!

:   ?@

!NWE

;  3  @


!%NWEF!"!
FQ"!

   
 

www.ugt-online.de

$

SOIL SCIENCE
Tensio 151

M!!%

Pressure transducer tensiometer (frost protected)


  %      
       %!
*    
     
          
 :;NE O "!

?


the temperature line so that the

        
ceramic cup corresponds to the
soil temperature. When installed
in soil layers near to the surface
  %  X   
    ]      



diately ready for use again and


  
 
  
Tensio 151 can therefore be used
    7  
suited to long term monitoring of
the soil moisture tension. A highly
       
located directly above the ceramic
cup together with a signal ampli
      
low interference forwarding of
the measurement data also over

Technical data

+) 
  @
+'  
   @
+ @
+Available standpipe lengths:
+7   ,)W
  
:   ?@
;  3  @

+*
7    
   @

greater distances. Air bubbles


are easy to recognise in the trans
parent acrylic adapter between
ceramic cup and standpipe. The
        
 

     
  
* 3     % 
also be equipped with a tempera
ture sensor.

Advantages
+(       
+) 
    

B"!<%;
#!B%!DE
K!#;

ble throughout the year

+Good long term stability


+S
  

Customised lengths on request


!NWE
!%NWEF!"!
FQ"!

   
 
; !!J#!B%!DEJF#W7^

&!

M!!&

Lysimeter tensiometer
  &!    
oped for the long term use in

        
    X     
  
     

    
     X    
that the tensiometer need not
be dismantled for this purpose.

Combined with the correspond


        
 
 
 
 
       
a minimum of maintenance. The
pressure sensor with stainless
steel diaphragm guarantees op


   
   7 3  J   

may be replaced without disman


tling the tensiometer.

Advantages
+E   X  
+E        

+ 
  

Technical data

+) 
  @
+'  
   @
+ @
+     @


+7   ,)W
  
:   ?@

18

"!_B<I;
!BQ!DE
K!#;
#!
  
E  
    !!

!NWE
Q"!


Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
M!!$

#!!
Equitensiometer
    {3 

       (W|
measurement method to deter
mine the volumetric water con
  7 
  
      


       
soil and sensor. The water con
tent sensor measures the water
content in the ceramic cup and
converts the measurement values
     

 >    


Using this measurement princi
            
moisture tension range can be
covered with a good degree of ac
 {> 

urement limits does not lead to
a failure of the meter so that no
servicing is necessary. The Tensio
#!!      

     
for plants.

Advantages
+  
  


   

+E          


range

Technical data

+, 
   @


+'  
   @
+ @



+E   
  @
+,   @

!%!!;
)>   "%!!;
for special requirements
!BQ!DE
}!;  !!!;
!~  !!
%!!;
}
,F

#"!

' 
 

M!!<

Soil moisture sensor


The measurement principle of the
' 
     
   
         x J
the special sensor does not dis
solve in the soil and has a more
     
more precise measurements are
possible.
The sensors are permanently bur
ied in the soil and have an aver
age serviceable life of 3 to 5 years.
   

   
      
 ' 
   
available with temperature sen
sors whose values may be used
  
   

This method of soil moisture ten
sion measurement may be used
    
  
  >     
ometer will frequently fall dry at
        
may be connected either to a data
        

strument for recording and read


ing out the data.

Advantages
+No maintenance
+'   
+Good suitability for long term
measurements

+; j

Technical data

+, 
   @
+'  
   @
+E 
@
+,   @
www.ugt-online.de

O"!"!!;
B<!DE
O"%

J  $!

<!

19

SOIL SCIENCE

() 
 ()    
 

   
 
       ( ! 
($: !J!!!J!!!;?7 
a ceramic reference body which
        
      
fore has a variable heat capacity
depending on the moisture. The
thermal measurement method of
()    
that a heat pulse generated in the
   /  

M!!I
steep temperature increases de
pending on the current heat ca
pacity and this can be assigned a
water tension.
()  
   

tenance free due to its measure

 
 =    
independent of the salinity of the
  7           
 

 
  7  
  ]  "
m in length on request.

Advantages
+Completely maintenance free
+Unlimited measurement range
:
 
    


    ?
+,    
in moisture
+^     J   
from the salinity of the soil
+ 
 
   
soil temperature

Technical data

+, 
   @

!J!!!J!!!;

:(!  $?

+'  
   @
+,]: 3  ?@


+; @

Q!B<!DE
;NE
S @#! "!!

,   

O"!

J  !!

"!

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
Tensio 100

M!!


!!!

,   #!

!"!!

,   &!

!#!!

,   I!

Tensio 120

M!!"

Septum tensiometer
!"!!

,   
>!!

GL 18
with glass thread / silicone septum

!"!

,   
>!!

with silicone plug

!""!!

,   
>"!!

GL 18
with glass thread / silicone septum

!""!

,   
>"!!

with silicone plug

Tensio 130

ORDERING DETAILS

M!!3

Laboratory tensiometer
!#!!

Laboratory tensiometer

!#!

Laboratory tensiometer pair

Tensio 150

M!!Q

Pressure transducer tensiometer


!Q!!

,   #!

!Q"!!

,   &!

!Q#!!

,   I!

Tensio 151

M!!%

Pressure transducer tensiometer (frost-protected)


!%!!

,   
>!!

!%"!!

,   
>"!!

!%#!!

,   
>#!!

www.ugt-online.de

21

SOIL SCIENCE
Tensio 160

M!!&

Lysimeter tensiometer
!$!!

Lysimeter tensiometer
!"#

Tensio 300

M!!$

Equitensiometer
!I!!

{%:!_%!!;?
Type: basic

!I"!!

{%:!_%!!;?
@   > 

Watermark

ORDERING DETAILS

M!!<

Soil moisture sensors


"!!

'  
  


Q%!

'   
  
   

Q%!"

'   
  
   $%

Q%!#

'   
  
   "!

$%
!I$!!

M!!I

() 

W 

Usable for

&'*&+$

+!!
+%!
+&!

To protect the ceramic cup from drying


out and mechanical damage.
&'*&+$
To protect the ceramic cup from drying
out and mechanical damage.

22

+"!
+Tensio 151

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
W 

Usable for

&'*&+$

+"!

To protect the septum from environmen


         


  =   

algae

*
;        
ometer wall and soil

+"!
+Tensio 151

+!!
^   
     +%!
  
  = 

  +&!

,.'

    


 

+"!
E    
       +Tensio 151

'


  = 

  
the pore system of the soil
Auger set for laboratory tensiometers

ORDERING DETAILS
+Tensio 131

^   


    
  
  = 

 
    
 
/4'
*

      

eters in greater depths

+N"  
+7  

+!!
*

      
   +Tensio 151

$$

    
Sledgehammer
Steel lever
78
,
      
tensiometers

+All tensiometers

+&&$

+"!
+Tensio 151

;<!
O"!

J  %!

+&&$
,P!!((
O!

J  "Q

+&&$

+!!
+%!
+&!
+Tensio 131

;<!
O&J%

J  "!

Septum

www.ugt-online.de

+"!

23

SOIL SCIENCE

24

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

 7 


, 
  
       7      
 
      
  
  7  
        

        
 

 
    
  
    
   
         J     
ecological systems and statements to be made about important soil and
       
 J >
   
   J
 
 
 
monitoring soil moisture.
    
   
  
   
   
     /     


   
 
       
oratory. They facilitate permanent monitoring and the electronic recording
of soil moisture.

Table of Contents
{ (*)F
 ............................................................................................. 26
|7){;7E* ........................................................................................................ "$
 
# ............................................................................................................. 28
,)#!! ................................................................................................................ 29
'{, '{" ............................................................................................. #!
) )  xx" ........................................................................................ #!
 ; )S"> .............................................................................................. 31
EasyAG................................................................................................................ 31
{ ,E^ ........................................................................................................ 32
W "!!! ....................................................................................................... 32
*     .................................................................................................. 33

www.ugt-online.de

25

SOIL SCIENCE

9
:9  
7 

, 
 
 
   W|     
          :!<?     
   
   :
  @!"% !? 

             


W|   
         
  
The soil moisture is then determined from this. The measurement of the
     

 
 
  
  ;     
   
          3    
 
es are conducted. The dielectric constant is obtained from the term of the
pulse within the rods and the length of the wave guide.

{ (*)F

(*)F
      0 
  
   
trolled TDR meter designed for
the simultaneous in situ meas
urement of the volumetric water
content, of the electrical con
      
  
in the soil. Using this instrument
        
measurements can be made and

M!"!
         
  
 J   
 
    /    
 X     

   3     


 
 >    
 
   

       J
the instrument can be equipped
 ;,
     

geographical coordinates of the

 
  ,M
interface, the measurement data
can be transferred to a PC.

Advantages
+High mobility
+, 
 J   
  
  
 
ment

Technical data

+) 
     
content:

!!!!!~
 
water content

+) 
      @ }K"~
+E   @
!!!!!!!!!
,F

+) 
  
  @

+'  
   @
+' @
+) 
   
  
  @

}K!~
"!B%!DE
!#% 0 
"!!B%!!DE

+) 
  
  
  @

+) 
 
@

26

}K!%DE
<%

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
|7){;7E*

M!"!"


% ;<%=!+9
&&
     |7){   
;7E*&Q /  
   
tronics using the moisture meas

 
    
   
TDR analysis electronics in one
sensor is unique. A temperature
   
grated. This probe guarantees an
> 
 
     

     
The large measurement volume

"%!
   
          

geneous soils. The robust housing


 M    

    

Advantages
+Large measurement volume
+Good suitability for heterogene
ous, stony soils

+Precise measurement also at high



  F 


% >.%=!+9
&&
     |7){   
;7E*#"     
monitoring systems to record the
moisture in soils and in other po
 
       
of probe and TDR analysis elec
tronics in one sensor is unique.
Compared to other measurement

 J  > 


 
 
even at high temperatures and
        
|7){;7E*#"   
temperature sensor provides ad
     

With the small housing of 32 mm

 
  J  |7){;7E*#"
can be installed without problem
    
   
and with its 11 cm rod length pro
vides best possible representa
  7    
 
 J  |7){;7E*#"
may be used in a mobile environ
ment with the Bluetooth module
;7E*M

Advantages
+,
   J  
mobile use



 

  
 
 
  

  
Technical data


% ;<

+) 
        

!!!~
    
tent:
+) 
       !&
,F
  ;"F;#
ity :

+|  ~   


% >.
!!!~
    
!&
,F
  ;"F;#

!&

6 ... 12

"%!

!&

6 ... 12

"%!

'    !Q!~

K~

K"~

K~

K"~

'    Q!$!~

K"~

K#~

  
  
possible

K"~

K#~

with soil

  
possible

    ,F


@

+) 
       
 Q!_B$!DE
perature:

Q!_B$!DE

+) 
       
 K!"DE
perature:

K!"DE

+'  
   @

% DE  %! DE :>  


   % DE  %! DE :>  
  
 3  ?
 3  ?

+) 
@

"%!

www.ugt-online.de

"%!

"$

SOIL SCIENCE
 
#

M!"!#

Tubular probe
  
#    J
it is possible to record moisture
         #
 

   
 
#F7;x%Q      
TDR electronics even up to a
   %!
 ;  
 
ments are possible in increments
 < 
 :#?    
 :#E?J
whereby the measurement vol
ume of the T3C is smaller than
    #   
# 
         
heterogenous soils whilst the T3C
is designed for homogenous and
saline soils. The moisture meas
urement is made in accordance

with the TDR principle. The meas



     
 
     

    {E^ 
The tubes are inserted into the
soil before the measurement and
remain there during the measure

     ;     

#F7;x%Q   
       
hole and sealed completely with
sealing mass, thereby guarantee
   
  
probe for years even under harsh

  

      

HD or a data logger.

Advantages
+| 
   
+)    
the measurement point

Technical data
Trime - T3

%>

+) 
   !&!~
  !$!~
 
for water content:

ter content

+) 
    "~ !_Q!~
racy water content:

#~ Q!&!~

+) 
    #!

ter content
"~ !_Q!~
#~ Q!$!~
#!

ume:

28

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

9
:
?   :9  :
7 

7 
 W|
 
 J       
 
      ! 
 J   
W|
   
    
 J 
(W|
  /        

  
          
from this.
The resistance of the soil, in accordance with its dielectricity constant, in
                   

             
  
 /        
the water content calculated.

,)#!!

M!"!Q

Soil moisture sensor


  
    ,)#!!
has an integrated temperature
sensor and measures the volu
metric soil moisture with an abso
 K"%~

7     


result of the sensor geometry. The
probe also guarantees a very ac
curate measurement even with
     

    
 

Advantages
+, 
  
  
+High absolute accuracy
+High temperature and salinity
stability

+,
      
 :!N?

Technical data

+) 
        !%!~
     
content:

:      K"%J  ]  


  ?

+|  ~    !&


    ,F
@

6 ... 12

"%!
with soil

  
possible

'    !Q!~

K~

K"~

'    Q!$!~

K"~

K#~

+E   @

%!%!!
,


+) 
    
  !BQ!DE
ture:
+) 
     
 K!%DE
perature:
www.ugt-online.de

29

SOIL SCIENCE
'{, '{"
'{, '{"
 
    
 
    
  7       
        
is suitable both for natural soils
          ,
      
for many popular soils and sub

M!"!%
strates. The measurement volume
  %!!

 '{" 3     % 
onds for a measurement and is
   
j 
data can be read out directly via
 ) 

 xx"   

Advantages
+)     

eters for plant management at
once
+(   
   
 
ments are possible

Technical data

+) 
      

The sensor is supplied as a set


&'4

tricity constant:

_<!

'    :   ?

!"!<
3 m# '{ES  
!_!%%
3 m#  
  

+| @
Dielectricity constant

'    :   ?

+E   @

K"%
'{ES   
 

provided
standard soil
  

 
  

K!!Q
3 m#

K!!%
3 m#

K!!#
3 m#

+W 3  


+'{,
+,] 
+ Bag

!_#!!
,


+) 
      K!
,

  @

+) 
     


%_B%!DE

perature:

+'  
   @

!BQ!DE

+) 
    

K%DE

temperature:

) )  xx"


 )  )      
     W 
 
  : ; J ,)#!! 
'{, ?xx"/ 
      
  
held device which has been spe
     
measured values are listed direct
ly on the LCD and may be saved
for later use on the PC. The device
can be operated with one hand
          ( 
every measured value the meas

 
 3 


#!

M!"!&
ple number, a measurement point

      

    
  
0  ;E
     |,"#"  
 xx" ]    '
;E/ 'X    
The data can also be read out di
   {>        
sheet programs or in programs for
        J
the data can also be downloaded
,E77 

Advantages
+E
   
+,  %!! 
+Time, as well as corresponding
 
    
for all data

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
 ; )S">
Reliable and accurate measure
ments of soil moisture may be
made simply using the Theta
; )S"> 
  
7 
        
ume of water in the soil using the
( 3  W

  ( 
this purpose the changes of die
lectricity constants are measured
and converted to a signal tension
      
moisture content. The sensor is
able to measure the volumetric
moisture content within a meas

    %  %%   
by volume with an accuracy of 5
~         
    " ~     
         
 ; )S">! N
direct current.
The sensor itself consists of a
        :

   Q!

?   Q   
steel probes which may be simply
pressed into the soil. Due to the
       
     7;&<J
 ; )S">  
suited for long term use and may
   
    (  
   ]    
  >     
tubes so as to be able to install
the Theta probe more easily in a
greater depth. The low current

M!"!$


  
% %NWE "!
  
 ! N    
 ; )S">  
as standard with a 5 m long cable
        
    )  )  
HH2 or with open cable ends for

www.ugt-online.de

Advantages
+,   
+S 

+Very tough

Technical data

+) 
   
water content:

!!!~
  
content

+) 
  
    @

+E   @


+'  
   @
+) 
 
@
+)>   @

EasyAG
The EasyAG probes have been
         
plants such as vegetable cultures.
They may be seen as mini versions
  { ,  
  
   #! 
 :#  ? 
%! 
   :%  ? 
may be equipped with moisture
  ,E^     

       *


customer request the cable length
>  !!


K!!
3m#:~?
%!_Q!!
,

B<!DE
%!!

!!

M!"!<
   
 :,  ; J
, , J     
  
?

31

SOIL SCIENCE
{ ,E^

M!"!I

Tubular probe
{ ,      
record the water content in the
     W  3 

   
   ,E^
 J     
 :3   
   ?
 
  
  

  
   (W|
:( 3  W
 | 

 ?
Usually, 16 sensors may be placed
     >    : 
   !
? 

suitable both for measurements
   :   
!

?     
 
 
:Q!
?

J ) ?


   
probes can be connected not only
,  
 , 
;S,, ,*S*   
a large number of other data log
gers.
The data can be read out using
;|, 7      
  
The sensors are located in the
       
avoids direct contact with the soil
and means that the probes are
  
   3   7
installed correctly, the soil struc
ture is not disturbed so that the
actual water movement in the
surrounding soil can be recorded.

   /     


: |,"#"J |,Q<%J ,W7"J N 

Advantages
+( >     

Technical data

+) 
   
water content:

!!!~
  
content

+) 
  
    @

+| @
+'  
   @

K!!!#~
!!!<~
#!B<%DE

W "!!!
W "!!!
  
   >  

 
 
The systems consists of a meas
urement probe and graphics dis
play. Probes with a measurement
    !$
J 
  &

area available.
The measurement is very simple
and user friendly. The measure
ment probe is inserted into a tube
32

sors
+( >    

ber of data transmission possi
 
+( >  
      


    
+,
 
     
moving the probe

M!"!
or pulled out again in one go,
whereby the instrument meas
  
 
    :     
!
?
Up to 99 measurement points can
be monitored with the Diviner
"!!!    
    
in the costs per measurement
point.

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
+@% B

M!"!

""!!

{ (*)
W|  
 
 
   
      

  F   F  

""!"

{ (*) ;,


% 

M!"!"


% ;<
<!

Trime Pico 64
TDR soil moisture measurement system


% >.
<"!

Trime Pico 32
TDR soil moisture measurement system

ORDERING DETAILS
Trime-T3

M!"!#

Tubular probe
"!

 
#    
W|  
 
 


SM300

M!"!Q

Soil moisture sensor


#%!!

,)#!!
(W| 
 
 
  
B 
  

WET Sensor-WET-2
%!!

'{, '{",
(W| 
 
 
  
B 
  B
  F  

%CC.
#%!

M!"!%

M!"!&

) )  xx"


x       ; )S"J
,)#!!'{"

www.ugt-online.de

33

SOIL SCIENCE
Theta Probe ML2x

M!"!$

%!!!

 ; )S">


(W| 
 
 
  
  

%!!

 ; )S">


(W| 
 
 
  
   

+@D
"!&%

M!"!<

Easy AG

* 

M!"!I

Tubular probe
"!&!

{ ,E^    


;  
 
 
           F
    

ORDERING DETAILS
Diviner 2000
"!$!

34

M!"!

W "!!!

W 

Usable for

'

+;7E*&Q

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

  
GC 7 D
     
              

  
        
stance spread in soils and permit insights into internal processes through
  :{?
,  /      
      
the soil air for subsequent analysis.
        
  
vacuum pump draws the water or the air into sampling vessels.

Table of Contents
,    
  ....................................................................... 36
,        ........................................................... #$
,     
........................................................................... 38
Hand diaphragm pump with manometer .......................................................... 38
) 

)N("! ............................................................. 39
 


  N;!! ............................................................. 39
Vacuum unit 19................................................................................................. Q!

     
.............................................................. Q!
     
 ........................................................ 41
(       
.................................................................. 41
,  
  ................................................................................................... 42
,   
  .............................................................................................. 42
*     .................................................................................................. 43

www.ugt-online.de

35

SOIL SCIENCE
,    
cup
'      
late is drawn from the soil to a ce

 :;<!="!>%!

?
    :O"!

?
simultaneously serves as a collec
 

  ^  
sampling vessels are therefore
necessary but may be connected
as required. The storage of the
sample in the standpipe means
     >        
temperature. Transport and vac

      
can be individually sealed by drain
  
        
permits a completely autono

     


         
the soil in dry phases. Both the
tubes themselves and the tube
 
 ;{
    

ples.

M!#!
!!
   


      


also be equipped with a glass cup
instead of a ceramic cup for the
       
  W*E  
  

Advantages
+Can be operated autonomously
+;    
+,
      
 
ture

Technical data

+Bubble point:

!<I 

        



   /   
     7   
standpipe, this design has a tube
to the soil surface which is con
nected to a separate sampling
vessel.

+E 
@

Depending on standpipe length / sam


pling vessel

(        


 
the ceramic cup with integrated

+'  
   @

+Dimensions of the sampling


body:

Ceramic cup
O@"!

S @%!

,     
!!
  
vessel
O@&!

S @!!

(       

      



  
 

  
 
  
 

   !  

36

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
,       
        
made of hydrophile, sintered PE
:  
   ?   
 
: XQ%
?
been specially developed for the
   
    
soil water. These are absorbed at
the ceramic surfaces leading to
     
  
    
  ;{
and nylon do not absorb heavy
metals so that the heavy metal
    
ferred into the sampling vessel
cleanly. The higher permeability
       
  
the ceramics also permits larger

 3   
shorter period.

         


PE tube is then laid underground
 
      
sampling so as to guarantee the
storage of the sample at ambient
   
possible.

     


wide mesh PE net in order to pro
tect the nylon diaphragm from

    

 
       
 
  
 >      
  :O "%

?   
collector. This means that the
       

pletely autonomously and the soil
           

 
A separate sampling vessel can
be connected without problem.
M       
um line, the percolate cannot be
      
 
       
also available without standpipe

www.ugt-online.de

M!#!"
Advantages
+x
      
 
+Can be operated autonomously
+;    
+,
         
 
ture

Technical data

+Bubble point:
+E 
@

1 bars
W   F
sampling vessel

+W
 
 @

,  
O@"#

S @%!

+'  
   @

(       




#$

SOIL SCIENCE
,     

,   /   


     
           
The area from which the perco
  > 
and the sample does not originate
from only a single point meas
urement. The plates are installed
    
> 
and therefore draw the soil solu
  
     

M!#!#
area above.

Advantages

         


  
  
X!Q%
  
by a layer of hydrophile PE sinter
beneath. The housing of the suc
  
  
inert PE but can also be supplied
in stainless steel.

+W     


a larger area
+,     
  
soil

"
! !  
 #    #   
$

   
% 

Technical data

+M   @


+E 
@
+W
 
 @


W
 
O@

"%!

{/ @QI!

+'  
   @

(   

Hand diaphragm pump with manometer


Easy to transport, one hand op
      
power supply, the hand pump is
           


/   
        
pumps.
(      
  /      
pump made of aluminium which
can be used both to create a vacu
um and overpressure.
The lighter version made of PVC
      
 
  /         ]

M!#!Q

       




   
on the integrated manometer.
  
tubes with an inner diameter of 6

 7  
   J  
      
sion resistant.
PVC

Advantages
+)  
+7 
  
+(   

Technical data

+)   @
+S]@
+N
@
+;  @
38

;NE




#"


&

<%!
 

<%!
 



" 

Aluminium

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
) 

)N("!
With the lightweight and yet
         
handle on the top side this pump
unit has been specially designed
for mobile deployment in the
           
     :     
7;&%?
The pump head of the diaphragm
pump is made of Hostalen and the
diaphragm of Neoprene. A vacu
um regulator permits the stepless

M!#!%

  

As required the pump can be used
         
depending on choice of appropri
 
The power supply for an autono

     


    
   0     
       
status is shown on 3 LEDs.

Advantages
+Easy to transport
+Tough
+7 
  

Technical data

+,  @


+{
@
+|   @
+N   @
+*  @
+E  @
+W   @
+* @

I! F

!<% 
!!I 
"NWEF&%  0 
 ><:
  ?
#<NWEJ&!!

7;&%
%!

 


  N;!!
A constant pressure test volume
pressure can be guaranteed by
  
  
  
      
 


 N;!!   

pump with Neoprene diaphragm
and pump head made of Hos
        
freely selectable set point value is
  *   
point value, the pump switches

M!#!&

/  7          


        M,  
 :   7;&%?
The pump can therefore be used
indoors and outdoors and is very
well protected from environmen
  

Advantages

Technical data

+,  @


+{
@
+Voltage supply:
+Vacuum display:
+W   @
www.ugt-online.de

!Q F

!<% 

+(  

+Long term stability

12 V DC
LCD 9 mm
7;&%

39

SOIL SCIENCE
Vacuum unit 19
The 19 vacuum unit enables liq
   >      
    
   
vacuum and for this liquid to be
         
    
  
  
 /
The 19 unit has up to 5 indepen
dently programmable and control
lable vacuum circuits. As required
the number of control circuits can
 
 >   
    {   
    
  J 

M!#!$
own analog manometer for vac
uum display, a controller for the

    
     

       

     
the control unit during which the
     
evacuated to the selected pres
sure value. Depending on the ap
 J 
  
     
 J  
  
    
 
 
   ;({  


     
  3  >  

The media is not contaminated


        
metal housing is tough and im
pact resistant but is not suitable
for permanent outdoor use.

Advantages
+ 
J 
    

pling
+          
cuits

Technical data

+,  @


+{
@
+N   @
+Vacuum display:
+Degree of   @

< F

"%!
 
I!"&QNEF%!&!xX
Analog manometer
7;#!


     

These pump systems with inte
   
   
   
         
probes in accordance with the
   
   7  
 
    J 
   

 
      
     
programming of seven day cycles,
    
    
control cycles.

M!#!<

     


      
     0 J  

systems are also ideally suited
for outdoor use. They may be at
tached to a wall or mast.
The diaphragm pump with Neo
prene diaphragm and pump head
of Hostalin is durable and mainte
nance free.

           


Technical data

+,  @


+{
@
+N   @
+*  @
+W   @
+|  
 @
+  
 @
Q!

!Q F

!& 
"NWEF!,  0 
   Q
7;&%

Advantages

I

+ 
J 
    

F

    

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
     

         
accordance with the tension in
the surrounding soil permits soil
    
  
 
     
     

results from the prevailing ten

     
 
   F 
     /   
stages can be controlled sepa
   
  
 

computer basis. Every stage con


tains its own vacuum circuit with
its own pump. Both the pressure
control and the data storage is
realised by the integrated logger.
The standard device with a ten
siometer per stage as set point
   > 
   
    
%         (  
   

supply, the power supply can be

M!#!I
provided via solar panels or re
    0 

Advantages
+,
        
> 
  

Technical data

+,  @


+{
@
+N   @


+W   @

!Q F
  
!& 
"NWE      
 J       
tery supported mains supply
7;&%

(       

M!#!

      



 
      
   
                  W  
=!=+$*+*
This favourably priced version
         
  
 3   
and protects the vacuum system
 
   
 
      
   
         
 &  

%!!

=!&&*+*&
Using this store, the soil solu
        

3    
manner. Tipping counter, valves
  <W   
   !!!
ml are located in robust alumini

 
>   
ed such that the samples may be
     
   
which are as natural as possible.

www.ugt-online.de

Advantages
+(   
+Compact storage of sampling ves
sels at the measurement point

+;    


   
    

Advantages
+Time and volume controlled sam
pling

+ J  



>
+S  


41

SOIL SCIENCE
,  
 

M!#

     
   /   

ple to use and favourably priced
       
 
The sampler tube made of V2A
stainless steel may be easily in
serted into the soil due to the di
 
         

  
      
end of the sampler is made of in
ert PE and facilitates simple sam
pling.

Advantages
+(   
+( 
 
 
 

Technical data

+)   @
+    @

,  @  #

special lengths on request

+)    


    @

,   
 
The substrate sampler has been
       
measurement of air permeability
    
  
          
loose piles. With the assistance
of this measurement instrument,
  
     

   >J
 >
 


    
   !

in a depth of 4 m. As a result of
the combined measurement of air
permeability and soil gas compo
J  %
  
ual measurement is saved com
pared to sole gas measurement.
The sampler consists of four con
nectable 1 m pipe pieces so as to
obtain a sampler length which is
always adapted to the local condi


N"    ;{

!"

M!#"
The sampler may be inserted man
ually and also by hammer. The air
contact surface to the substrate is
  "!!
 
cone over the measurement area
  
 
air.
The vacuum to obtain the pore
         
with water whose average height
/      !#
 

    
  Q      
3        
pins to increase stability on a


determined directly in situ using a
connected digital gas meter.

Advantages
+Time saving of up to 5 minutes
per measurement compared to
    
 
ments
+,
   
    

partment due to self sealing of

  
+;    
in aluminium case

                



 

     
&&''()'$(
*'
42

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
&'$=!&+&&$
"!!

,     %!

""!!

,     !!

"#!!

,     %!

"Q!!

,     "!!

"Q"!

,     #!!

M!#!

4++'
""!!

     !!

"""!!

,     "!!

""#!!

,     #!!

"%Q!!

E 
      !!
 

ORDERING DETAILS

&'$=!$+'&&$
"#!!

,     !!

"#"!!

,     "!!

"##!!

,     #!!

M!#!"

4++'
"Q!!

     !!

"Q"!!

,     "!!

"Q#!!

,     #!!

&'$+@+$!+
"!!!!

,     


N"

"!!!

,     


;;

+++$!+$$=!+
"Q!!"

;NE#"
 ]

"Q!!I



&
 ]

www.ugt-online.de

M!#!#

M!#!Q

43

SOIL SCIENCE
*+&+&*@$$,%H.I
"Q!!!

) 

)N("!

+'&*+&$$
"%!!!

M!#!&

N;!!!<!!
 

Vacuum unit 19
"&"!

M!#!$

Vacuum unit 19

&&'$@

ORDERING DETAILS

M!#!<

"&!!Q

  
 ,,!

"&!!

   
 ,,!"

&&'$@

M!#!I

"&"!!


 
  =,,"!

"&#!!


 
   =,,"!"

"&Q!!


 
    =,,"!#

"&%!!


 
   =,,"!Q

+K4&'$@

M!#!

"$!!

with water stop valve

"$"!!

with electronic valve control

Soil air sampler

M!#

"<!!!

,     

"<!!

,     "

"<"!!

,     #

Substrate sampler
"<<!!

44

M!#!%

M!#"

,   
 

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
W 

Usable for

'
   
      
   J 

  
pore system of the soil

+,       




++'++&
,   
     
            


    

of the soil

+,    


 

cup

       

ORDERING DETAILS

www.ugt-online.de

45

SOIL SCIENCE

46

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

 


 
  
 
 
   
 
 
         
importance both for agriculture and for the assessment of building ground.
 
J >
       3 

 J       ( 


          
the load bearing capacity of the soil.
Type of soil, density, soil moisture, humus content and coarse soil content
        7  
  
   
  J 
    
    
  
   
   

Table of Contents
)   
  ........................................................................................ 48
Penetrologger..................................................................................................... 49
*     .................................................................................................. %!

www.ugt-online.de

Q$

SOIL SCIENCE
)   
 
The penetrometer basically con
sists of a measuring instrument, a
probe rod and a probe cone. The
instrument is pressed at a right
        > 
pressure on both handles. Un
even pressing does not produce
  
   
 >   
soils. The resistance measured by
  /
       



M!Q!
  
>

   
corded during the measurement
is shown by the red pointer. The
       
:;F
2?    

by dividing the displayed value
by the surface area of the probe
      > 
     
termines the surface of the probe
    (     
ues, a smaller cone is used.

Uses
7   J 
 
     @
+   
+
   
+>
   
 
+>
       > 
+ 

  X

48

General principle: the larger the


probe cone, the more precisely
   

determined.

Penetrometers are used to deter

     


:   ?  
{ 
 
  
   /   @

+,     


metre

+,   #


 

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
Penetrologger
   
the load bearing capacity of the
soil and is a measurement of how
easily roots may penetrate it. This
   
    
ture and for rural and urban civil
      
     

cal parameter which depends on
changing parameters such as the
degree of moisture, the density
      
 
    
     
measured in many measurement

M!Q!"
steps using an electronic pen
 
    
   
data logger, whereby the data will
be stored directly and analysed in
the data logger.
(      { 

Penetrologger has been devel
oped:
An electronic penetrometer with
integrated data logger to store
and process a large number of

 
    :%!!


 ?

Penetrologger, standard set for measurement in a depth of up to 80 cm


;   > 
  
 
  
     

Uses
The Penetrologger can be used in the area of agriculture and civil engineering:

+   >



+  
+>
             
+>
      
+ 
 : 

 ?   F X
+>
   J >
 J    
 

+>
  


www.ugt-online.de

49

SOIL SCIENCE
Manual penetrometer
#!!!

Up to a depth of 1 m

#!!!"

Up to a depth of 3 m

M!Q!

Penetrologger
#!!!!

M!Q!"

;   { 


 ;,

ORDERING DETAILS

%!

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE


  
 

C 9
 7 9   9 ,
         

       
  
 
   3     M    

     
     J 
           7         J
   
    
 
    
:W|ES?  J     
    
        
 
    
   J    
     
    

Table of Contents

W
 
  F7S"$!! ........................................................52
W    
  ...............................................................53
 (   .............................................................................54
Dome permeameter according to HARTGE ...................................55
,   ( 
   >
method ..........................................................................................55
,   ( 
  
   .........................56
(      .....................................................................%$
;S#!!............................................................................................58
Air pycnometer ..............................................................................59
*     .............................................................................&!

www.ugt-online.de

51

SOIL SCIENCE
x 
  F7S"$!!
 
    

     


ity of soils in virtually saturated
         
 
  
    
     
water. The circular soil surface
covered by water beneath the
hood forms the source area for
  >^ 
         
of the soil surface is necessary on
the measurement area. This not
     
    

   
  
     

     
  
 
The pressure beneath the hood is
     ) 0 
      /  
in pressure on the soil surface can
         X 
and a vacuum up to the bubble
point of the soil. This pressure
 >  
manometer.
         
    
      >
rates determined in the test run
   '**W7^ :I&<?
'   7S"$!! 
 

        >   


electronically recorded with a
pressure sensor combined with
   
  7S"$!!
'     ] 

M!%!
they are transferred to the PC and
analysed.

   


     
available without electronic data
recording as a favourably priced
     
to withstand adverse measure

 

7      




 
    > 
  
      
J       
     
  @" 

 J       J
      
  
    ) 0  
    
   
> 
        
  &!; 
of the bubble point of the soil.

Advantages
+No contact layer necessary
+,
   
   /  
   
+,
       
  
 

!_    


!_&!;  


+
 
 @

 

 
| !;

+7 
 
 @

W/     !$!


mba
| 

  


+E     @

!#
F!$ m/s

52

for manual level recording

+ 

    
tripod

+" 
+    

+1 funnel
+0
+1 transport case
+* @7 

=!&&+++&"'&'4

+ 7       


sure sensor for electronic level
recording

+ 
 7S"$!!
+ 

    
tripod

+ @

+ 7        



( 
>

     
simple handling during transpor
    J  
  
 



framed case with carry grip and
foam inlays.

Technical data


 =! && ++ +&"'&'4

+" 
+    



+1 funnel
+0
+  ] 7S"$!!
+1 transport case

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
W    
 

M!%!"


 
      
    
 j  J
    
    J
 
        
    
  
simple instrument used to deter

      


         
  
   3   
water which penetrates the soil
       
  
This rate can be calculated using
the measurement results and the
law of DARCY. The standard set of
    
  
sists of a few sets of stainless steel
 /  
  : 
  ?,  

urements may be conducted si
multaneously which leads to an
> 
     
    7      
     /   J 
        
   
 
 
   >     
side ring through which the water
       7   

www.ugt-online.de

to achieve good measurement


results, it is important to consider
 /       
the measurements: the surface
 J      
compactness, the soil moisture
         
    X   :  ?
The best results are achieved with
    
 
  
  
the following purposes amongst
  @     
  J / J
 
      
   / 
  
 

Advantages
+(   
+,
   

&'4

+&7  J


for 3 parallel measurements

+1 impact plate to drive the rings


into the soil

+3 measurement bridges


+Q  
+"
+1 digital stopwatch
+1 hammer with nylon head
: ?

53

SOIL SCIENCE
 (  

M!%!#

  (       


 
    

 
     
      
   :     ? 
accordance with the condensa

   !  
samples simultaneously.
The apparatus is designed for the
use of the UGT soil sample rings
  "%! 
   
 
Q
   
soil sample rings have bore holes
  >        
   # 
      
the tensiometers. However, they
may also be used for obtaining

     
  
apparatus.
  
    
       J    
      
for the test run. The gradient re
  
 
the free ground surface is record
ed by two tensiometers which
record the corresponding water

      


   
#! 
   
    
   
  

:O&J%

FS"!

? 
> 
 
  



        
bubbles are easy to recognise and
eliminate through the acrylic head
with bleed screw.
The arrangement of the samples
on the star shaped carrier which
rotates at the set test interval

   >
  !
samples simultaneously. The sam
      
]  
      ]
the scales so that it is standing
free. The weighing data and the
tensions here are stored on the
         


       


measurement series with a mini
mum of monitoring. The scales
   
    
  W ] /   
any foreign bodies on the scales

Technical data

+, 
  
@
+E  
soil sample rings:

+^
 
 @
+E 
 3 @
+| @
+) 
     @
+) 
  
  
  @

+  


  @
54

"%!
3
2

41 cm
!

!Q!

!!
}!
F
B!!<%;
K!;

do not therefore cause any in


         
  ;E 
to the integrated data logger and

 
    
must be created to the PC only for
maintenance, test start and read
ing out of the data.

Advantages
+    ! 
  
multaneously
+E   3  
a minimum of monitoring
+Balancing of the scales between
weighings

&'4

+  (         


data logger

+1 laboratory scale


+!   
+! 
   #!
+Drill holes for tensiometer in
   #  
guide device

+! 
  N"%!

FOQ


+"!   


  
+!    
+]  S
+Perforated sheets
+(  
Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
Dome permeameter according to HARTGE
Natural water movement occurs
predominantly with very small
pressure gradients.
Currently, the water movement
 
 >  
 
  W|E3 
     >  
      /
          
measurements in soil science are
     
  
high gradients which are rarely
to be found in the natural water
movement in soils. HARTGE there
fore advocated the measurement
with very small gradients. The
Dome permeameter according
to HARTGE meets these require

 7    


 
        
 
       
   >
rate and the corresponding pres
  /     
the pressure gradients as small as

possible.
The saturated sample in the man
ual soil sample ring is placed in a
           
completely with water. A dome
       
soil sample ring beneath which a
pressure gradient is generated
over the sample height. This
dome is suitable for the manual
  
   /   
so that the soil sample can be in
serted directly.
7    J   

     
   
  
 
  

  
      
        
      
  
geometry of the soil sample ring.
Depending on version, the pres
sure gradient is shown as height
/     
corded by a pressure sensor.

Advantages
+( >         
small gradients near to natural
water movement
+( >  
    
 
 
+!
   
 
      
 "%!


&'4

Technical data

+|   / 


with standpipe:

M!%!Q

+ 
      

1 mm water column

+|   / 


   @!

  


nometer and weighing table

+1 permeator dome with seal


 

,   ( 
   >
 

M!%!%

 >              (  


  
   
(! (Q"    @

+  >   (  


  
 !"!   
>

  Q!  
sample rings.

+F > ( 


"!"$ 
>Q! 

ple rings.

+ 
   ( 
#!Q" 
>% 
sample rings including compressor and accessories.

+ 
   :     ?  
undisturbed samples from a depth of up to 2 metres.

+Cases with soil sample rings.


+

 
 >    
  

Advantages
+   
     
  ( 

The set can be supplied with soil sample rings and ring holders with a diam
  %#

&!



www.ugt-online.de

55

SOIL SCIENCE
,   ( 
  
  
The equipment is suitable for the
 
(  
("!Q":!% 
 
  ? (  
more, the sets are suitable for the
   
  
or other soil moisture measure
ment equipment. The standard
     @ > 
   
  :!);J
!#);%);#
% ? J 

ple rings, a pressure control panel
and a compressor.

,    
       

        >
      
 
 
pressure control panel is stand
ard equipped with two manom
  !");!!Q);:
!"! !Q ? 
  
   :""!N F %! xX?
      
 @
>

    "!
);:"! ?J    
 J
     
quiet.

Advantages
Compared to other methods, such
 
J   J

      J  
tages are as follows:

Principle
)  
 
  
samples by raising the air pres
 >     
ramic plate serves as a hydraulic
      
  
 
    >      > 
tor. The high pressure air will not
        
       
    
      XJ
the higher the pressure can be be
fore air will pass through. During
the test run at any set pressure
 >   J 
  
     

M!%!&

+|  


 
 
cles and out through the ceramic
       {3  

   
 
    
3   
J  >   
     
  >        
 
 :

    ?  
of equilibrium values will not be
      
supply. Therefore, the pressure
control panel has independent
double regulators.

Use

+Reliable way of removing soil


moisture from soil samples un
       
out disturbing the soil structure.

+The method may be used on pre


pared samples or undisturbed
samples. The soil structure is
not disturbed. The characteris
 (  
   
for each soil type. These curves
relate the moisture tension at
which the moisture is held in soil
  
     , 
of soil moisture movement and
3      
moisture have shown this rela
 
     
growth.

7    


  
  J   

be determined:

+The pore volume of the soil.


+ X    
+The capillary rise capacity.
+The air and moisture contents of the soil with a given ground water level.
+W 
      
 
+'        



56

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
(     

M!%!$

E  ('   (:!;? ("I


: >$%!;?      

Tabletop instrument with inte
grated pump and vacuum con
        
           
     
  >

        
"#!N

  
rapid drainage of soil samples
compared to other methods. Dry
          


  ] 


 
 
ing them and may be used in the
  
    

   
   
using an electronic pressure sen
sor and integrated diaphragm
pump. Limit values can be set with

  ;  


independently of each other. The

         
       0
W       
tem pressure and the upper and
lower limit value are shown. The
 
 :  Q! 
 
 W%#

?    
   
     (  
   
{ 
        (
pressure step modules and/or ad
 (   
 
 

Advantages
+Rapid drainage of the soil sam
ples

+E ( 


  
 F ( 
  
  

Technical data

+   @
+M   @
+Vacuum control:

Q<!>"<!

+Display:

3 separate displays for system


pressure, upper and
lower limit value

+^
  
  @

 >Q! W%#


 >#! W&!

+E @

Q   


   
  
 




+N
 / 
@
+*  @
+;
 
@
+W
:M>x>?@

www.ugt-online.de

!!!;
micro processor with
electric pressure sensor

 >Q
"#!NE
"!'J## 
against
atmosphere
$&!>%<!>&!%

%$

SOIL SCIENCE
;S#!!

M!%!<

;S#!! 
 
 
instrument to determine the

      
        
free pore space of the soil and is a
     
    
ing a measurement chamber in
   
   
      
  

the drop in pressure through a cal
ibrated two stage measurement
 0  ;S
 
  /   
volume is recorded by a further
pressure sensor and supplies the
     


       
lated from these test parameters
  W|E 3  
shown in the instrument display.

PL measurement chamber

PL surface chamber

 ;S#!!    


for an electronic soil tensiome
ter and a moisture probe so that
soil moisture tension and/or soil
moisture may be recorded paral
    (   
    
 %! 
    
TDR moisture probe each with
the suitable plug. The data of all
connected sensors as well as the
      
 

 
 
 
the measurement point are saved
and managed by a microcomput
er within the instrument.
7  
     

  ;S#!!     

    
 
  
strument.
7      3  

    J /  


measurement chambers are avail
able:

+;S#!!
 
  
 
 
  
to DARCY with integrated pres
sure probe

+;S#!!  
 
 
chamber for inhomogeneous
   


+;S#!! 
    
for the measurement of soil
sample rings

+;S#!! 
       
measurement in deeper soil
 X

Technical data

PL soil sample ring adapter

58

+ ) 
  

  @

!!!##
F

+ ) 
   @

#;

+ ,0 
@

 >"

+ Diameter of the measurement



 @

$"

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
Air pycnometer
The air pycnometer is an innova

 
  
  
determine the pore volume of a
substrate sample in the labora
 7       
turbed soil samples as well as for
  J  
or plant granulate. The measure
ment chamber is permanently
connected to the basic body and
is sealed by a lid which is held in
place by a bar. A soil sample ring
         
measurement. Due to the large
measurement chamber with a

  ""! 
J   
ately large samples may also be
>
  
curacy of the measurement and

 
at all possible.
The design of this instrument is
based on the guidelines of the

M!%!I
(SS:(   ]S
]    S
] ?
The measurement principle is
    
   >
 > 
    
M*S{)|7*{   

    X   
with compressed air, connected
to the measurement chamber of
 X       

ple and a pressure equilibrium

 
sure is a measurement of the air
    
    
the solids volume within the
measurement chamber serves to
push out gas.
The pressure values are displayed
by a digital manometer in a freely
selectable pressure unit.

Advantages

Technical data

+) 
 
 @


N""!

h = 12 cm
O%

+) 
     


  @

+|   

  @

www.ugt-online.de

The integrated compressor ren


       
      
used as measurement gas. As an
J  /  
 
 
gas may be used via a separate
feed line.

_# 

+7    


 
possible due to large measure
ment chamber
+No soil sample ring necessary
+^  


 

59

SOIL SCIENCE
9
Q"!!!

M!%!

 
   3 

7%.QII
Q"!!

    3 

9
Q!!

M!%!"

:E
   ?

K%$+$$++
Q#%!!

M!%!#

W!Q!:E
   ?

ORDERING DETAILS
9$++&&C
D
Q"%!!

M!%!Q

:E
   ?

Sand box method


Q%!!!

M!%!%

,  ( 
  >
 

+&$+!
Q&!!!

,  ( 
   
  
 

$++@+'
QQ!!!

M!%!<

;S#!!

Air pycnometer
Q<!!!

&!

M!%!$

(     

PL-300
Q$!!!

M!%!&

M!%!I

Air pycnometer

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
W 

Usable for

Tension chamber
(  
 
   
bubble point

+W
 
  
+W
 
  7S"$!!

Dome 8 cm
(   
 
ment to soils with higher permeability

+W
 
  
+W
 
  7S"$!!

Dome 12 cm
(   
 
ment to soils with higher permeability

+W
 
  
+W
 
  7S"$!!

Tensio 130 Laboratory tensiometer pair


(   
 
    
sample rings

+ (

Soil sample rings


 ! "! 

+ (
+sampling in general

$+
(    
  
soil sample ring

+ (
+sampling in general

4++'
incl 3 augers and 1 guide device for the
>   X      
    
  

+#!
+Tensio 131

$+$
7       

+ (

Perforated foil
           
surface

+ (

Laboratory scales
with serial interface

+Dome permeameter according

10 soil sample rings

+Dome permeameter according

ORDERING DETAILS

to HARTGE
to HARTGE

7%>II9
$
(     
 
   
moisture and pL

+;S#!!

PL-300 Tensio 150 pressure transducer tensiometer


(      
 
    
moisture tension and pL

+;S#!!

7%>II&++'*+*
(     ;S#!!

+;S#!!

PL-300 soil sample ring adapter


pL measurement of the soil sample ring
samples

+;S#!!

PL-300 surface chamber


pL measurement of undisturbed soil vol
ume

+;S#!!

www.ugt-online.de

61

SOIL SCIENCE
W 

Usable for

PL-300 measurement chamber according


9

S
 
  
 

+;S#!!

PL-300 sampler probe

+;S#!!

ORDERING DETAILS

62

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

7G

?   9
 

7R9
G 
;  X  
     
 
 7      
      

  
 3     J      J
               
            X
  7     J   
  X      
3   
ring to soil science and agriculture.

Table of Contents
,
 Q" ...................................................................................................... 64
*  ................................................................................................ 66
,  ..................................................................................................... 66
*     .................................................................................................. &$

www.ugt-online.de

63

SOIL SCIENCE
,
 Q"

M!&!

7++@+$$++!$+'&w'++&&+&=!9  HH.QQ


H.+$=!<4+&'{$'+@.4+&'+&&! &+|
 ,
  Q"    
 Px^  W7^
7,*"$$J   
 
 
 
 
        
 
     

   
 7 
   

       


  "% DE  >
    
sample which has been previously
homogenised and separated from
carbonates and organic substance
            
 J   >
 J   
   
 
>

     
  
       :?J


   :
?J    :? 
 :? 
 
 
     
 /      X :} "!

  } &#
?  J 
   /  

     

    

nised soil suspension can be used
        / 
 
   
    3   
ual parts.

      



   0  
W   
   
J  
   
  
  
 
  
solid content then determined.

      
test contains many sources of er
ror due to the high requirements
placed on accuracy, such as devia
       
 
 0  
 
ing the sample and is very labori
     
 

10
0

10

90

20

80

Ts
Lt

80
90
10
0

Lu

Us

Su

20

30

Ul

Slu

Sl

40

50

60

70

10

St

Lts =
tonig sandiger Lehm
20

Lehm
Ls

10

sandig
 j
tonig
lehmig

     


and accuracy improved by auto

 
 
 
 
 , 
 
   
rors are ruled out. Temperature
  J   
   
on the measurement accuracy are


 ,     
stricted to preparing samples and
their analysis, a complete KHN
analysis on 12 samples for all four
   
  
,
  Q" {>   
the test parameters during ho

J 
   
    
      
 
     
   
 
   }  ~
:     

 ?  ,
 

30

Ltu

70

Lts

s =
 
t =
l =

Beispiel:

mit folgender
Zusammensetzung:

100

.>[&!X
39 % Sand
37 % Ton

&!X

80

90

30
40

%
50

<-60

Tu

Ton
-%
40
<-50

60

Tl

Sand

Sand
, /
Ton
Lehm

70

Sa
nd

S =
 
T =
L =

Ton

    

[&!X%%%\

64

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
,
 Q"
Advantages
+|   
+Complete analysis for 12 samples
Q   
+{>       
 
 
 
+High repeat accuracy

 
@
 
     :J
J     
    ?
 

or upturning is done by hand be
         

  ,
 

The automated test run covers


the following steps:

+Temperature control
+x

+;

Table 1
, 
   
 
 "%DE W7^7,*"$$@

+( :?@
+( ":
?@
+( #:?@
+( Q:?@

"!
QI
!
Q
J$
!
Q%
J%"
!
&J%"
J%!

Temperature control:

x
@

W       J 


samples are placed in a temper
ature controlled water bath to
guarantee constancy of tempera
 ]     
 
       
J 
     "%DE
samples must then remain in the
       #!
 
      >
act observance of temperature is
important and also prescribed ac
cording to KHN because this has
     

      

 
    
a propeller agitator with variable
speed and submersion depth.
      
      
   

   


  7
         
tween the samples, the agitator is
cleaned in a bath before changing
the sample and dried at very high
speeds.

www.ugt-online.de

]         



     
 

 W7^7,*"$$
:?

;@
     
      0  
         
scribed submersion depth of the
0   
cal surface sensor so that this is al
>   
         
 
 (   :? 

      "! 
  J
    "Q :
J J ?   
   ! 
      
    
#  ]      
 
     0
3        !

   




]    J0


sor are transported to a clean
   
suspension are removed with a
sponge.

0   



          
    
 

X 
 0   
ter separately whereby the inner
 
  
        
   

65

SOIL SCIENCE
* 

M!&!"

       



   
  ,
   
   
  >
  
  
 
which rotate at a steplessly con
       %! 
 
    
  >  
is shown in a digital display.
The constant movement causes
the content of the sample to be

      
the use of the samples for KHN
analysis and also serving as a
     
 
 
  
er has a high number of sample
 7    &!

 !!
 #&

 "%!
 0 

X

Advantages
+Large number of samples com
pared to other commercially
available devices
+,      

* 3    


     
  
more sample spaces.

Technical data

+, @

!_%! 

,      

+^
 
 @

&!>!!

#&>"%!

  
 3 





, 

M!&!#

9+'4$+'&w'
      

  X   
 
 
  
            
     
      
     
    
      
    
  
    
    
          
mesh sieves are suitable for wet and dry sieving.

) : 
 ?

     
   X
  
 3         
set contains sieves, lids and receiver, brush and a storage bag.
,@
x  Q!

J   &      W7^ Q<<     


  =
O!!

J
 @"!=!=!%!!=!"%!=!"%!!&#

66

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
+<%H.
%!!!!

M!&!

,
 Q"

Overhead shaker

M!&!"

%&!!!

&!>!!

%&!!

#&>"%!

Sieve analysis

M!&!#

%"!!!

      




%#!!!

) : 
 ?

ORDERING DETAILS

W 

Usable for

++w

+,


9+=!~+

+,


Sample rings

+,


$

+,


Aqua-Stabil
;   J!!

+,


www.ugt-online.de

&$

SOIL SCIENCE

68

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE


 
 C 7 D
7  
    XX           J >

/    
   J
soil erosion is assuming an ever greater importance.
Water and wind erode the soil and move it to other places. The incorrect


   J   XJ      
           


  
  >    


       
   
             
       
 
    (   J  
    
and water must be determined as dependent on the meteorological and
   

Table of Contents
| /
 
 
 ..................................................................... $!
Wind erosion sediment trap............................................................................... $
*     .................................................................................................. $"

www.ugt-online.de

69

SOIL SCIENCE
| /
 
 


M!$!

The measurement system serves


  >
  
/  
   
tained therein. The surface run
/           
    3   
     
into sample vessels. The start and
      /   
registered by an internal data log
ger.

   


 
    /     "Q
       

   
      
water pumps. There are no bot
     J  
       
      
erosion material can thus be
       
without impediment. Coarse dirt
is already retained by a stainless
  7     
    /   /
events, the sampling frequency is
    
 
   
 /  

'    / 3  


   /  
   
sample in order to obtain a sam
  3        
possible. By contrast with a con
    /  J 
 
           

    

  ] 
3    

      3   
guarantees that the samples are
        /
event.

'   
  /
dividers, both test parcels and
also small capture areas up to 3 ha
X 
Combined with meteorological
and hydrological measurement
points a comprehensive picture of
 /  
can be obtained in this way.

Advantages
+(  

 
+,
      /
intensity
+'      
ter points

Technical data

+Number of samples:
+,
 
@
+{   @


$!

  

  
free stainless steel which is inert
  
  7      
derground so as to generate the
         
  /      
dependent on pumps and there
          


 


24
!!!

|    0 "
NF!
Also solar panels on request

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
Wind erosion sediment trap

M!$!"

The wind erosion sediment trap


 
      
cally transported sediment mate
rial. This is weighed directly in the
system and then remains in the
weighing dish for the subsequent
    
system is made completely of rust
free stainless steel and consists of
a base, logger, accumulator and
scales as well as rotatable head
       
actual sample. The base of the
system is usually installed under
ground in order to guarantee that
   
tle as possible and the apparatus
is steady.
The wind vane means that the
    
ing is always facing the wind direc
     
ly into the measurement system.
7          
 
 
       
the air fall onto the scales. The
           
     
plate. The scales weigh the cumu
 
      
recorded in the internal data log
ger. The recorded data therefore
shows both the start and intensity
of an event.
E
    J
the aeolic sediment material in
  
   
   
  J     
J
 

This provides a comprehensive


picture of the wind related ero
sion. Using measurement points
such as this, the weighing data
may be recorded via the data log
       
two loggers are not required. The
energy supply is then assumed by
   

Advantages
+(   
    

Usually both the wind erosion


sediment trap and the weather
          

aeolic sediment material


+,
    
 
 
rial for laboratory analysis

Technical data

+| @
+
    @
+{   @


www.ugt-online.de

  
   0 
However, the power supply may
also be provided by solar panels
  
  

!


|    0 "
NF!
Also solar panels on request

$

SOIL SCIENCE

X++$$++
"!!!

M!$!

| /
 
   

Wind erosion sediment trap


"!"!!

ORDERING DETAILS

$"

M!$!"

Wind erosion sediment trap

W 

Useable for

G=++KHIII

+| /

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

 79
77 D 97 D
,   
 
        
  X      J      
 
               J    

directly by visual means. Using soil samples the physical and chemical soil
 
    
    
   
           
 /  
drilling devices and soil sample rings have been developed to cater to the
/     3  
   
 E 
 
   
  
 
the quality of the samples.

Table of Contents
Ergonomic auger set........................................................................................... $%
Auger set for heterogenous soils ....................................................................... $%
Gouge auger set for stepwise sampling ............................................................. $&
     ;|EPx{|............................................................... $$
M      ...................................................................................... $$
Gouge auger model P ......................................................................................... $$
Groove auger...................................................................................................... $$
S] ,I!!!F,I!!" ........................................................................................ $<
Root sampler ...................................................................................................... $<
)  :  7SS^{|? ..................................................................... $I
, 
  ................................................................................................. <!
, 
   
  ............................................................................. 81
Hammering head for soil sample rings............................................................... 82
, 
  ........................................................................................................ 82
*     .................................................................................................. 83

www.ugt-online.de

$#

SOIL SCIENCE

C 9 D
?  
x  3 
   /      
compiled components and are made of a specially hardened high quality
   W    
 
  >       
           < !


        3 
  
>

   
            
of the material to be drilled.
Almost every soil type places special requirements on the model of the
auger to be used. This is why several models have been developed dur
      
requirements.

C++@$
+{
  :/     J ?
+|   : J/ 
>   ?
+,    :       ?
+,    :        XF  J   ?
+,   :  
   
    ?
+   ] 
+; 
  :  J          ?

&'
G+@&&'
The           
 
and low weight.
*           
     
       
   

&+!+&&'
               
   7   
is made.

$Q

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
Ergonomic auger set
The ergonomic hand auger set
for heterogenous soils is used to
carry out manual drilling and sam
     /  
soils in an ergonomically sound

M!<!

  7          
        :
    J J

  ?     



tal research

Auger set for heterogenous soils


Drilling and sampling in homog
    :     

   ?
  
>    
  (         
 J  /     
will be applied. With the stand
          > 
manual drilling to a depth of 5 m
     / 
     
  /  
   J 
   $ 
 
that this set can be used success
fully with all drillings in layered
          
for drilling above the water table
in all soils, and below the water
table in cohesive soils. The piston
sampler is used for looser soils
also below the ground water ta

www.ugt-online.de

M!<!"
        :   
? 
    
lowing items among others: four
  {
    : J

J J   
?J      J   
soil auger, a spiral auger, a piston
sampler and a gouge auger.

The set also includes the follow


ing:
{> J     J
submersible bell with tape meas
ure, a pull and push piece, care

    
 
provided in an aluminium trans
port case.

  
 
!
 
 

 
   
 
+

$%

SOIL SCIENCE

D D D

Hand operated equipment can be used for soil research up to a depth of 5
!

       



       0 
     
           J  

      
    

  
          J
the substance of the soil and required drilling depth. The longer the opera
  J 
            

    
    
   
       7  
  

     F      
  : 
 ?

Advantages
The advantages of gouge augers compared to other hand auger equipment are
as follows:
+      
  J     /  
body.
+                        3  
reached.

Areas of use
W       
   0  J    
  3        @
+)
+,     
+Training
+| 
+(   
+E  
+;    

Gouge auger set for stepwise sampling


      
       /   

   M      
 
with the gouge with the largest
diameter and subsequently the
gouges having smaller diameters,
   
 
 
samples is avoided. The gouge
augers can be pushed into the soil
 

 : 
 
$&

M!<!#

 

 ?
M        
length and the diminishing diam
eters, the set is very suitable for
    :   ?
soils with a somewhat higher pen
   

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
     ;|EPx{|
        
ly suitable for very hard and stony
soils. A set with a gouge auger of
 ;|EPx{| 


M!<!Q

mer and mechanical withdrawal


system as well as accessories
  

M     


         
>   > 
 7 J  


 3     
depths can be reached.

M!<!%
harder soils with gouged augers,
{
  J>  J
impact absorbing hammer, push/
pull handles, various accessories
and a strong carrying bag.

A set with conical thread con


    
   


Gouge auger model P


     
ferent from other gouge augers
in that it has a cylindrical tapered
     0
 
of the gouge that, when the auger
is pushed into the soil, cuts a cylin
der shaped piece from the soil. As
a result the auger does not need
     >
ter being inserted as the other
        : 

M!<!&
   ?  
        

  0  (        

   
the ordinary gouge augers. This
            
able for soil mapping because of
its small diameter and cylindrical
 

Groove auger
         
  
     
  X  
 /     
/        /  
versions.
The groove auger for heavy soil is
       
sistant. The core volume consists
of a groove with a diameter of 12
mm which is laterally milled into
the solid rod made of steel with
special alloy. The length of the
www.ugt-online.de

M!<!$
 !!!


The groove auger for light soils
consists of a special steel tube
   
    #!

 
    Q

  
open at the sides. The groove of
!!!

  
  
22 mm in this version.

]>   Q


m using 1 m screw on pieces.

Advantages
+(   
+Tough
+,
   

$$

SOIL SCIENCE
S] ,I!!!F,I!!"
   ] 
   
]        3 
ment with a cross borehole in the
head. The tough and compact ap
paratus uses a ball clamp made

M!<!<
  7 Q% $&
      ]    
%!!!!!  

Technical data

+S] @
+S] @
+   

@
+   @

S-9000

S-9002

%!!

!!!



""

Q%

$&

Root sampler
The root sampler has been spe
cially designed for forest soils. The
sampler itself consists of two half
     
    
 
  
   
halves during drilling. To insert
the sampler into the soil and to
retrieve it easily, a head with cross
borehole is screwed on for the in
     ] W 
drilling the sampler as a full tube
       
ity to open up one side of the tube
provides easy access to the drilled
core.

M!<!I
    
 
core.

Advantages
+,            

The standard version of the root


sampler is made of rust free V2A
  J&!!

 

  <!

   
  
quest, the geometric dimensions
can be altered and adapted to the
 

roots

+Very tough
+Large sample core volume
+Large access to sample core
&'4

+1 drill head made of two half


shells

+1 impact head with lever

        


 /       
sampler. This consists of a hollow
 


$<

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
)  :  7SS^{|?

    7SS
NER has been designed for the


 

       
J ] 
 J   
and also sampling in powdery and
grainy substances. This sampler is
       

       
          
       7 
consists of an auger head made of
     

cylindrical sampling vessel. The

   
and is concluded by an angular

       >

         0  


one side and similarly has a cut
    

    
>
 0  
     
es the soil away when the probe is
inserted into it. Turning the probe
causes the sample to be cut from
the substrate whilst at the same

M!<!

 
       

  ]   
     >:<!D? 
sample vessel is full. The metal
   
   
due to its own resistance and
therefore completely closes the
sampling vessel. This can now be
pulled from the soil and the sam
ple withdrawn.
The length of the sampling ves
   %!!

J     

  
   > !%   
 
  &!


overall length of the moor probe
!!!

{    


 > 0
    > 
with spring connectors are pro
vided for fast assembly/disman
tling. The standard set contains
! >     

in length.
* 3  J 
 

piled with the customised number
> 

Advantages
+  
  
J
       
strates

&'4

+1 auger head for the moor


probe

+1 handle
+!>  


www.ugt-online.de

$I

SOIL SCIENCE

 77
 D
, 
       
    
as possible for laboratory research such as to determine the pore volume,
   
         

     '   


edge facing down, they are pressed or hammered into the ground. The soil
volume in the inside of the soil sample ring is remove with the soil sample
 
          
 
      0
  
 

             
 
   
    
3  J 
  
     
        
      

   
  
with the same type of soil sample ring.

, 
  

M!<

Soil sample ring 100 cm


The soil sample ring with an in
 
!!

   
    %$

  
Q!%

     


   
  
to push the ring into the soil and
   / 7 
made of rust free stainless steel, is

tough and durable.


The soil sample rings are not num
bered as standard. At customer
3           


 0

Soil sample ring 250 cm


Using these soil sample rings un
disturbed samples may be ob
 
"%!

which are suitable for laboratory
  
  $"
mm, and the height is 61 mm. A
     0
 
facilitates pressing into the soil
and reduces the disturbing ef
 7 
    
less steel, is tough and durable.

or come with two side holes so


that they may be inserted directly
   (    
to determine the unsaturated hy
     
on water content.
The soil sample rings are not num
bered as standard. At customer
3           


 0

These soil sample rings are closed

<!

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
, 
   
 

M!<"

Soil sample ring set, model A,


48+$!4$.
 
        j>
          
 
]    
water table. The samples can be
    J    
           
    0 
  
en into the soil manually.

The set among other items con

tains: an open ring holder, an


Edelmann and a Riverside auger,
    >  J 
aluminium case with soil sample
rings, various accessories and a
carry bag.


     j>
can be obtained for soil sample
 
  %#&!
mm.

+$
for all soils to a depth of up to 2 m and soil sample ring set, model E

    j>E
E, for very hard soils, can be used
  
       
   
    
on the surface, in drilled holes
           
below the ground water table.
The closed ring holder in this set
0    

    
holder may also be hammered
into the soil with an impact ab
sorbing hammer. The set among
other items contains: a closed
  J  
head, an Edelmann and a River
  J>  J

mering head with a guide cylinder,

www.ugt-online.de

an aluminium case with soil sam


ple rings and various accessories.

     j>E
can be obtained for soil sample
    
    %#J &!
and 84 mm. The most used diam
   :  ?  %#

 :{  
  O%#

?, 

ple rings are stainless steel rings
made of seamless tubes, smooth
 0
 
       
mensions, and thus the volume
content of soil sample rings are
> 
 

highly suitable for laboratory re
search.

81

SOIL SCIENCE
Hammering head for soil sample rings


 0
ment used to hammer soil sam
ple rings into harder soils with a
hammer. The impact is distributed
evenly over the complete edge of
   
    
edge is also somewhat deeper
and there are pressure compen
     

, 
 

M!<#

of the hammering head. This per


mits disturbances to the soil sam
    

 
hammering head is available for
UGT soil sample rings with a vol

!!
"%!

polyamide impact hammer is also
available.

M!<Q

Using the soil sampler, soil sample


       ]  
medium hard soils without a ham

 7   


   
ring holder using a bayonet con
 
 

    
  
    X      
  
 
    
,.
    
 
&''
/*)'/

82

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE
Ergonomic auger set
"#!!Q!

{ 
     

Auger set for heterogenous soils


"#!!#<

  

"#!!#I

     

D+4$=+$
"#!!Q

M!<!Q

ORDERING DETAILS

M!<!%

     

D+
"#!!QQ

M!<!#

     ;|EPx{|

G%$+'+
"#!!Q#

M!<!"

     

*++%
C 

"#!!Q"

M!<!

M!<!&

)!   

D*+

M!<!$

"#!!

for heavy soils

"#"!!

for light soils

78

M!<!<

"#!!"I

,I!!!

"#!!#!

,I!!"

+$

M!<!I

"#Q!!

| 
    

"#Q"!!

Root sampler one part

www.ugt-online.de

83

SOIL SCIENCE
${+&&77 
|
"#!"!!

M!<!

)  :  7SS^{|?

Soil sample ring

M!<

"#!%!

, 
  !!
O&!

"#!!%"

, 
  "%!
O$"

Soil sample ring-removal-set

ORDERING DETAILS

"#%!!!

, 
   
  ) 
 ] 

"#%!!

, 
   
  ) 
 ] O&!

"#%!!"

, 
   
  ) E
   O%#

"#%!!#

, 
   
  ) E
   O&!

"#%!!Q

, 
   
  ) E
   O<Q

"#%!!%

, 
   
  ) {
   O%#

C+!+4+$

M!<#

"#!!&!

x

   


  O&!

"#!!&

x

   


  O$"

Soil sampler

84

M!<"

M!<Q

"#%!!

, 
  !!

"#%"!!

, 
  "%!

Umwelt-Gerte-Technik GmbH

SOIL SCIENCE

W 

Usable for

78%III
(    ]
  
 
soil

+Hand augers with cross bore

78%II.
(    ]
  
 
soil

+Hand augers with cross bore

&=%!+!+<I
with cross bore hole for steel lever

+Groove auger

Steel lever 16 mm
Chromed, with PVC handle

+Groove auger

!/$&
(   ]!!!

+Groove auger

Polyamide hammer
Q

hole in the hammer head

hole in the hammer head and


     
> 

eter of 22 mm

ORDERING DETAILS

Polyamide hammer
%
Simplex hammer
#
Simplex hammer
%
Simplex hammer
$

www.ugt-online.de

85