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( & )

2007-13\.. &\.. 1-2-3


( 21 ) , MIS:
295450
(. . .)

2011





( & )

2007-13\.. &\.. 1-2-3


( 21 ) , MIS:
295450
(. . .)


............................................................................ 2
1. ....................................................................................................... 4
2. .............. 4
2.1 ()
....................................................................................... 4
2.2 ................................................................................................... 6
2.3 () ....................................... 7


1. .............................................. 10
1.1 ......................................................................................................... 10
1.1.2 : , , ................... 11
1.1.3 ..................................................................... 15
1.1.4 ................................................................................. 16
1.1.5 ...................................................................................... 17
1.2 .................................. 20
1.3 .......................................................................................... 25
1.3.1 ...................................................................................................... 25
1.3.2 ...................................................................... 28
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1.4.1 ............................................... 142
1.4.2
.......................................................................................... 143

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2.1.1
................................................................................................... 147
2.1.2 ..................................................... 148
2.1.3 ............................................. 149
2.1.4 2 .................................... 150
2.1.5 ......................... 151
2.1.6 2 ........................................ 151
2.1.7 ................................................................................... 152
2.1.8 .............................................................................. 152
2.1.9 ........................................................................................... 153
2.1.10 ........................................................................................ 157
2.1.11 ................ 158
2.1.12 ................................................. 159
2.1.13 2 ........................ 162
2.2. ......................................................................................... 166
2.2.1. 2: ........................................... 166
2.2.2. ( ):
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3. ................................................................................... 194
............................................................................................... 210

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Chamot, A., & OMalley, J.M., (1990) Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Chamot, A., Dale, M., OMalley, M., & Spanos, G., (1992) Learning and problem
solving strategies of ESL students. Bilingual Research Journal, 16 (3 & 4), 1-34.
Cohen, A., (1998) Strategies in learning and using a second language. Longman,
London.
Dijk, T.A., & Kintsch, W., (1983) Strategies of discourse comprehension. Academic
Press, INC: Orlando, Florida
Fotovatian, S., & Shokrpour, N., (2007) Comparison of the efficiency of reading
comprehension strategies on Iranian university students comprehension. Journal of
college reading and learning, 37(2), 47-63.
Oxford, R., (1990) Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know.
Heinle and Heinle Publishers, Boston.
Pressley, M., Woloshyn, V., & al, (1995) Cognitive strategy instruction that really
improves childrens academic performance. 2nd ed. Brookline Books: Cambridge,
Massachusetts.
Weinstein, C.E., & Mayer, R.E., (1986) The teaching of learning strategies. In M.R.
Wittrock (Ed). Handbook of research on teaching (p. 315-327). 3rd ed. New York:
Macmillan.
Wenden, A., & Rubin, J., (1987) Learner strategies in language learning. Prentice
Hall International: United Kingdom.
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Di Pietro R. J. 1987. Strategic Interaction: Learning Languages through Scenarios.
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. (1998). . : Gutenberg.
. (2002). ,
- UNESCO. Gutenberg:
.
Crystal D. (19974). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, Oxford, Blackwell,
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217