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# "BOEF" --- BEAM ON ELASTIC FOUNDATION ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"BOEF" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis a finite length beam with free ends supported continuously on an elastic foundation. This program is ideally suited for analyzing a soil supported beam, a combined footing, or a strip of a slab or a mat. Specifically, the beam shear, moment, deflection, and soil bearing pressure are calculated for 100 equal beam segments, as well as the maximum values. Plots of both the shear, moment, and soil bearing pressure diagrams are produced, as well as a tabulation of the shear, moment, deflection, and bearing pressure for the beam. This program is a workbook consisting of two (2) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Beam on Elastic Foundation

Description
This documentation sheet Beam on elastic foundation analysis

## Program Assumptions and Limitations:

Formulas Used to Determine Shear, Moment, Slope, Deflection, and Pressure in Beam on Elastic Foundation General Constants and Functions: I = W*T^3/12

b = ((K*W)/(4*E*144*I))^(1/4) F1 = COSH(b *x)*COS(b *x) F2 = COSH(b *x)*SIN(b *x) + SINH(b *x)*COS(b *x) F3 = SINH(b *x)*SIN(b *x) F4 = COSH(b *x)*SIN(b *x) - SINH(b *x)*COS(b *x) C1 = COSH(b *L)*COS(b *L) C2 = COSH(b *L)*SIN(b *L) + SINH(b *L)*COS(b *L) C3 = SINH(b *L)*SIN(b *L) C4 = COSH(b *L)*SIN(b *L) - SINH(b *L)*COS(b *L) C11 = SINH(b *L)^2 - SIN(b *L)^2
For Full Uniform or Distributed Loads:

## (Note: units of 'K' are "kcf".)

Specific Constants and Functions: Ca2 = COSH(b *(L-b))*SIN(b *(L-b)) + SINH(b *(L-b))*COS(b *(L-b)) Ca3 = SINH(b *(L-b))*SIN(b *(L-b)) Cb2 = COSH(b *(L-e))*SIN(b *(L-e)) + SINH(b *(L-e))*COS(b *(L-e)) Cb3 = SINH(b *(L-e))*SIN(b *(L-e)) If x > b: Fa1 = COSH(b *(x-b))*COS(b *(x-b)) Fa2 = COSH(b *(x-b))*SIN(b *(x-b)) + SINH(b *(x-b))*COS(b *(x-b)) Fa3 = SINH(b *(x-b))*SIN(b *(x-b)) Fa4 = COSH(b *(x-b))*SIN(b *(x-b)) - SINH(b *(x-b))*COS(b *(x-b)) Fa5 = 1- Fa1 If x > e: Fb1 = COSH(b *(x-e))*COS(b *(x-e)) Fb2 = COSH(b *(x-e))*SIN(b *(x-e)) + SINH(b *(x-e))*COS(b *(x-e)) Fb3 = SINH(b *(x-e))*SIN(b *(x-e)) Fb4 = COSH(b *(x-e))*SIN(b *(x-e)) - SINH(b *(x-e))*COS(b *(x-e)) Fb5 = 1- Fb1

else: else: else: else: else: else: else: else: else: else:

Fa1 = Fa2 = Fa3 = Fa4 = Fa5 = Fb1 = Fb2 = Fb3 = Fb4 = Fb5 =

0 0 0 0 -Fa1 0 0 0 0 -Fb1

Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance x = L from left end of beam: Va = 0 Ma = 0 qa = w/(2*E*144*I*b^3)*(C2*Ca3-C3*Ca2)/C11 Da = w/(4*E*144*I*b^4)*(C4*Ca2-2*C3*Ca3)/C11 Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance = x from left end of beam: Fvx = Va*F1 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^3*F2 - qa*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - Ma*b *F4 - w/(2*b )*Fa2 Fmx = Ma*F1 + Va/(2*b )*F2 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - qa*(E*144)*I*b *F4 - w/(2*b ^2)*Fa3 Fqx = qa*F1 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b )*F2 + Va/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 - Da*b *F4 - w/(4*E*144*I*b ^3)*Fa4 FDx = Da*F1 + qa/(2*b )*F2 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 + Va/(4*E*144*I*b ^3)*F4 - w/(4*E*144*I*b ^4)*Fa5

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

## BEAM ON ELASTIC FOUNDATION ANALYSIS

Job Name: Job Number: Input Data:
c

For Soil Supported Beam, Combined Footing, Slab Strip or Mat Strip of Assumed Finite Length with Both Ends Free Subject: Originator: Checker:

Beam Data:
b

e
ft. ft. ft. ksi pci ft.^4

Length, L = 25.0000 Width, W = 4.0000 Thickness, T = 0.7500 Modulus, E = 3600 Subgrade, K = 100 Inertia, I = 0.141 Beam Loadings: Full Uniform: w=

## a +P +wb +we +M +w T E,I x L

Nomenclature 0.6000
kips/ft.

Results:
End

Start

Distributed:
#1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6:

b (ft.)

wb (kips/ft.)

e (ft.)

we (kips/ft.)

Beam Flexiblity Criteria: for b*L <= p/4 beam is rigid for p/4 < b*L < p beam is semi-rigid for b*L >= p beam is flexible for b*L >= 6 beam is semi-infinite long b= b*L = 0.221 5.52 b = ((K*W)/(4*E*144*I))^(1/4) b*L = Flexibility Factor

#1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6: #7: #8: #9: #10: #11: #12:

## P (kips) 8.00 12.00

Beam is flexible

Max. Shears and Locations: +V(max) = k @x= 6.27 -V(max) = -5.73 k @x= Max. Moments and Locations: +M(max) = 13.00 ft-k @x= -M(max) = -4.95 ft-k @x= Max. Deflection and Location: D(max) = -0.034 in. @x= c (ft.) M (ft-kips) Max. Soil Pressure and Location: Q(max) = 0.494 ksf @x=

20.00 20.00

ft. ft.

20.00 12.75

ft. ft.

20.25

ft.

Moments:
#1: #2: #3: #4:

20.25

ft.

4 of 5

3/13/2013 6:40 PM

Shear (kips)
12.0

Moment (ft-kips)
10.0 14.0
-4.0 0.0 4.0 8.0

## -6.0 2.0 6.0

-2.0

0.600
-6.0 -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0

0.500 0.00
0.00
1.00

0.400
0.00
1.00 2.00

2.00 3.00
4.00

## 0.200 3.00 4.00 5.00

5.00 6.00
7.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 4.00 3.00

0.100 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00
18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00

0.000
8.00
9.00 10.00

Shear Diagram

Moment Diagram

5 of 5
x (ft.)

11.00

x (ft.)

x (ft.)

12.00 13.00

14.00
15.00 16.00

17.00
18.00

19.00 20.00
21.00

22.00 23.00
24.00

## "BOEF.xls" Program Version 1.2

3/13/2013 6:40 PM

25.00