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"BOEF" --- BEAM ON ELASTIC FOUNDATION ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"BOEF" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis a finite length beam with free ends supported continuously on an elastic foundation. This program is ideally suited for analyzing a soil supported beam, a combined footing, or a strip of a slab or a mat. Specifically, the beam shear, moment, deflection, and soil bearing pressure are calculated for 100 equal beam segments, as well as the maximum values. Plots of both the shear, moment, and soil bearing pressure diagrams are produced, as well as a tabulation of the shear, moment, deflection, and bearing pressure for the beam. This program is a workbook consisting of two (2) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Beam on Elastic Foundation

Description
This documentation sheet Beam on elastic foundation analysis

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. The following reference was used in the development of this program (see below): "Formulas for Stress and Strain" - Fifth Edition by Raymond R. Roark and Warren C. Young, McGraw-Hill Book Company (1975), pages 128 to 146. 2. This program uses the equations for a "finite-length" beam in the analysis. This usually gives very similar to exact results for a "semi-infinite" beam which has had end-corrections applied to "force" the moment and shear values to be equal to zero at the ends. (Note: a "semi-infinite" beam is defined as one that has a b *L value > 6.) 3. This program uses the five (5) additional following assumptions as a basis for analysis: a. Beam must be of constant cross section (E and I are constant for entire length, L). b. Beam must have both ends "free". ("Pinned" or "fixed" ends are not permitted.) c. Elastic support medium (soil) has a constant modulus of subgrade, K, along entire length of beam. d. Applied loads are located in the center of the width, W, of the beam and act along a centroidal line of the beam-soil contact area. e. Bearing pressure is linearly proportional to the deflection, and varies as a function of subgrade modulus, K. 4. This program can handle up to twelve (12) concentrated (point) loads, a full uniformly distributed load with up to six (6) additional full or partial uniformly distributed loads, and up to four (4) externally applied moments. 5. Beam self-weight is NOT automatically included in the program analysis, but may be accounted for as a full uniformly distributed applied load. Beam self-weight will only affect the deflection and bearing pressure, and not the moment or shear. 6. This program will calculate the maximum positive and negative shears, the maximum positive and negative moments, the maximum negative deflection, and the maximum soil bearing pressure. The calculated values for the maximum shears, maximum moments, deflection, and bearing pressure are determined from dividing the beam into 100 equal segments with 101 points, and including all of the point load and applied moment locations as well. 7. The user is given the ability to input four (4) specific locations from the left end of the beam to calculate the shear, moment, deflection, and bearing pressure. 8. The plots of the shear, moment, and bearing pressure diagrams as well as the displayed tabulation of shear, moment, deflection, and bearing pressure are based on the beam being divided up into 100 equal segments with 101 points. 9. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

Formulas Used to Determine Shear, Moment, Slope, Deflection, and Pressure in Beam on Elastic Foundation General Constants and Functions: I = W*T^3/12

b = ((K*W)/(4*E*144*I))^(1/4) F1 = COSH(b *x)*COS(b *x) F2 = COSH(b *x)*SIN(b *x) + SINH(b *x)*COS(b *x) F3 = SINH(b *x)*SIN(b *x) F4 = COSH(b *x)*SIN(b *x) - SINH(b *x)*COS(b *x) C1 = COSH(b *L)*COS(b *L) C2 = COSH(b *L)*SIN(b *L) + SINH(b *L)*COS(b *L) C3 = SINH(b *L)*SIN(b *L) C4 = COSH(b *L)*SIN(b *L) - SINH(b *L)*COS(b *L) C11 = SINH(b *L)^2 - SIN(b *L)^2
For Full Uniform or Distributed Loads:

(Note: units of 'K' are "kcf".)

Specific Constants and Functions: Ca2 = COSH(b *(L-b))*SIN(b *(L-b)) + SINH(b *(L-b))*COS(b *(L-b)) Ca3 = SINH(b *(L-b))*SIN(b *(L-b)) Cb2 = COSH(b *(L-e))*SIN(b *(L-e)) + SINH(b *(L-e))*COS(b *(L-e)) Cb3 = SINH(b *(L-e))*SIN(b *(L-e)) If x > b: Fa1 = COSH(b *(x-b))*COS(b *(x-b)) Fa2 = COSH(b *(x-b))*SIN(b *(x-b)) + SINH(b *(x-b))*COS(b *(x-b)) Fa3 = SINH(b *(x-b))*SIN(b *(x-b)) Fa4 = COSH(b *(x-b))*SIN(b *(x-b)) - SINH(b *(x-b))*COS(b *(x-b)) Fa5 = 1- Fa1 If x > e: Fb1 = COSH(b *(x-e))*COS(b *(x-e)) Fb2 = COSH(b *(x-e))*SIN(b *(x-e)) + SINH(b *(x-e))*COS(b *(x-e)) Fb3 = SINH(b *(x-e))*SIN(b *(x-e)) Fb4 = COSH(b *(x-e))*SIN(b *(x-e)) - SINH(b *(x-e))*COS(b *(x-e)) Fb5 = 1- Fb1

else: else: else: else: else: else: else: else: else: else:

Fa1 = Fa2 = Fa3 = Fa4 = Fa5 = Fb1 = Fb2 = Fb3 = Fb4 = Fb5 =

0 0 0 0 -Fa1 0 0 0 0 -Fb1

Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance x = L from left end of beam: Va = 0 Ma = 0 qa = w/(2*E*144*I*b^3)*(C2*Ca3-C3*Ca2)/C11 Da = w/(4*E*144*I*b^4)*(C4*Ca2-2*C3*Ca3)/C11 Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance = x from left end of beam: Fvx = Va*F1 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^3*F2 - qa*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - Ma*b *F4 - w/(2*b )*Fa2 Fmx = Ma*F1 + Va/(2*b )*F2 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - qa*(E*144)*I*b *F4 - w/(2*b ^2)*Fa3 Fqx = qa*F1 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b )*F2 + Va/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 - Da*b *F4 - w/(4*E*144*I*b ^3)*Fa4 FDx = Da*F1 + qa/(2*b )*F2 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 + Va/(4*E*144*I*b ^3)*F4 - w/(4*E*144*I*b ^4)*Fa5

For Point Loads: Specific Constants and Functions: Ca1 = COSH(b *(L-a))*COS(b *(L-a)) Ca2 = COSH(b *(L-a))*SIN(b *(L-a)) + SINH(b *(L-a))*COS(b *(L-a)) If x > a: Fa1 = COSH(b *(x-a))*COS(b *(x-a)) Fa2 = COSH(b *(x-a))*SIN(b *(x-a)) + SINH(b *(x-a))*COS(b *(x-a)) Fa3 = SINH(b *(x-a))*SIN(b *(x-a)) Fa4 = COSH(b *(x-a))*SIN(b *(x-a)) - SINH(b *(x-a))*COS(b *(x-a)) Loading functions for each point load evaluated at distance x = L from left end of beam: Va = 0 Ma = 0 qa = P/(2*E*144*I*b^2)*(C2*Ca2-2*C3*Ca1)/C11 Da = P/(2*E*144*I*b^3)*(C4*Ca1-C3*Ca2)/C11 Loading functions for each point load evaluated at distance = x from left end of beam: Fvx = Va*F1 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^3*F2 - qa*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - Ma*b *F4 - P*Fa1 Fmx = Ma*F1 + Va/(2*b )*F2 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - qa*(E*144)*I*b *F4 - P/(2*b )*Fa2 Fqx = qa*F1 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b )*F2 + Va/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 - Da*b *F4 - P/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*Fa3 FDx = Da*F1 + qa/(2*b )*F2 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 + Va/(4*E*144*I*b ^3)*F4 - P/(4*E*144*I*b ^3)*Fa4 For Applied Moments: Specific Constants and Functions: Ca1 = COSH(b *(L-c))*COS(b *(L-c)) Ca4 = COSH(b *(L-c))*SIN(b *(L-c)) - SINH(b *(L-c))*COS(b *(L-c)) If x > c: Fa1 = COSH(b *(x-c))*COS(b *(x-c)) Fa2 = COSH(b *(x-c))*SIN(b *(x-c)) + SINH(b *(x-c))*COS(b *(x-c)) Fa3 = SINH(b *(x-c))*SIN(b *(x-c)) Fa4 = COSH(b *(x-c))*SIN(b *(x-c)) - SINH(b *(x-c))*COS(b *(x-c)) Loading functions for each applied moment evaluated at distance x = L from left end of beam: Va = 0 Ma = 0 qa = -M/(E*144*I*b)*(C3*Ca4+C2*Ca1)/C11 Da = M/(2*E*144*I*b^2)*(2*C3*Ca1+C4*Ca4)/C11 Loading functions for each applied moment evaluated at distance = x from left end of beam: Fvx = Va*F1 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^3*F2 - qa*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - Ma*b *F4 - M/(2*b )*Fa2 Fmx = Ma*F1 + Va/(2*b )*F2 - Da*2*(E*144)*I*b ^2*F3 - qa*(E*144)*I*b *F4 - M*Fa1 Fqx = qa*F1 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b )*F2 + Va/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 - Da*b *F4 - M/(2*E*144*I*b )*Fa2 FDx = Da*F1 + qa/(2*b )*F2 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*F3 + Va/(4*E*144*I*b ^3)*F4 - M/(2*E*144*I*b ^2)*Fa3 Summations of shear, moment, slope, and deflection at distance = x from left end of beam: Shear: Moment: Slope: Deflection: Pressure: Vx = Mx = qx = Dx = Qx =

else: else: else: else:

Fa1 = Fa2 = Fa3 = Fa4 =

0 0 0 0

else: else: else: else:

Fa1 = Fa2 = Fa3 = Fa4 =

0 0 0 0

S(Fvx) S(Fmx) S(Fqx) S(FDx) Dx*K

"BOEF.xls" Program Version 1.2

BEAM ON ELASTIC FOUNDATION ANALYSIS


Job Name: Job Number: Input Data:
c

For Soil Supported Beam, Combined Footing, Slab Strip or Mat Strip of Assumed Finite Length with Both Ends Free Subject: Originator: Checker:

Beam Data:
b

e
ft. ft. ft. ksi pci ft.^4

Length, L = 25.0000 Width, W = 4.0000 Thickness, T = 0.7500 Modulus, E = 3600 Subgrade, K = 100 Inertia, I = 0.141 Beam Loadings: Full Uniform: w=

a +P +wb +we +M +w T E,I x L

Subgrade

Nomenclature 0.6000
kips/ft.

Results:
End

Start

Distributed:
#1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6:

b (ft.)

wb (kips/ft.)

e (ft.)

we (kips/ft.)

Beam Flexiblity Criteria: for b*L <= p/4 beam is rigid for p/4 < b*L < p beam is semi-rigid for b*L >= p beam is flexible for b*L >= 6 beam is semi-infinite long b= b*L = 0.221 5.52 b = ((K*W)/(4*E*144*I))^(1/4) b*L = Flexibility Factor

Point Loads:
#1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6: #7: #8: #9: #10: #11: #12:

a (ft.) 5.0000 20.0000

P (kips) 8.00 12.00

Beam is flexible

Max. Shears and Locations: +V(max) = k @x= 6.27 -V(max) = -5.73 k @x= Max. Moments and Locations: +M(max) = 13.00 ft-k @x= -M(max) = -4.95 ft-k @x= Max. Deflection and Location: D(max) = -0.034 in. @x= c (ft.) M (ft-kips) Max. Soil Pressure and Location: Q(max) = 0.494 ksf @x=

20.00 20.00

ft. ft.

20.00 12.75

ft. ft.

20.25

ft.

Moments:
#1: #2: #3: #4:

20.25

ft.

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Bearing Pressure (ksf)


Shear (kips)
12.0

Moment (ft-kips)
10.0 14.0
-4.0 0.0 4.0 8.0

-6.0 2.0 6.0

-2.0

0.600
-6.0 -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0

0.500 0.00
0.00
1.00

0.400
0.00
1.00 2.00

0.300 1.00 2.00


2.00 3.00
4.00

0.200 3.00 4.00 5.00


5.00 6.00
7.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 4.00 3.00

0.100 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00
18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00

0.000
8.00
9.00 10.00

10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00

Shear Diagram

Moment Diagram

Bearing Pressure Diagram

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x (ft.)

11.00

x (ft.)

x (ft.)

12.00 13.00

14.00
15.00 16.00

17.00
18.00

19.00 20.00
21.00

22.00 23.00
24.00

"BOEF.xls" Program Version 1.2

3/13/2013 6:40 PM

25.00