Glass industry in India

Glass industry in India is poised to grow rapidly owing to its extensive use in the numerous sectors. The market is driven by increasing disposable income and willingness to spend on better living standards due to rising aesthetic sense among consumers as well as glass being the preferred medium of packaging. The total glass industry is worth INR 180 bn in 2010

The unique attributes of glass like its optical properties, chemical durability, and recyclability account for a range of glass products making it an integral part of the social existence. It is being used for innumerable consumer products ranging from tableware to automotive glass, for lighting and construction, and most importantly as packaging material food and beverages, cosmetics, and chemicals. The ever increasing demand for container glass for both conventional as well as new and specialty products as a result of pioneering researches ensure the continued success of global container glass market. The global market for container glass is projected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 7.9% for the period spanning 2011-2013.

Glass as a packaging material is being increasingly preferred by consumers inclined towards a healthy and sustainable lifestyle. At the same time, the industry is also encouraging the use of glass packaging due to features of better shelf life, design possibilities and recyclability. The factors driving the global container glass market include mainly the growth in beverage, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. However, the development of plastic and PET containers has provided a packaging alternative thus creating a challenge for the global container glass market. The global container glass industry is dominated by Europe and the US, where the container glass category accounts for a sizeable amount of the overall glass market revenues. Both the US and European regions reported an increase in container glass revenues in 2010, in response to improving economic conditions, and rising consumer awareness about the benefits of using glass packaging. In addition, continuous efforts on the part of the governments to promote recycling of glass containers will lead to an unprecedented growth in

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the container glass market. In the recent years, the emerging nations in the field of container glass category, like India and other developing countries, have acquired a dominant position posing as potential threat and as well as opportunity for the existing markets.

The current landscape of the global container glass market is intensely competitive with numerous large and regional players operating in the market, competing on the basis of price, quality, and other marketing attributes. The leading players in the global container glass industry include Saint-Gobain, Owens-Illinois, and Vetropack, among others.

We have predicted the future growth of the global glass container market by combining SPSS Inc.’s data integration and analysis capabilities with our relevant findings. We employed various significant variables that have an impact on this industry and created regression models with SPSS to determine the future direction of the industry. Overall, the glass container market in India has been growing at a healthy rate of over 10 per cent, with F&B segment contributing handsomely due to prospering FMCG sector. Food packaging is witnessing healthy volume growth due to the arrival of organized retail market. This has led to high competition in the packaging segment, and consequently has resulted in a number of innovations in the sector. The adoption of Narrow Neck Press & Blow (NNPB) technology in the production of glass containers has brought a revolution in the Indian glass packaging industry. It has resulted in decreasing the weight of the glass containers by 25-30 per cent. This technology also offers benefits such as better control over glass distribution and increased productivity, thus making glass packaging more cost-effective and convenient for the consumers. All major industries create wealth but if there is one industry that plays a unique role by way of both creation of wealth through a wide range of manufacturing activities and also by way of preserving the wealth or value created by many, many other industries, it is packaging. Apart from the huge value addition and employment involved in these activities, packaging has served the Indian economy by helping preservation of the quality and lengthening the shelf life of innumerable products – ranging from milk and biscuits, to drugs and medicines, processed and semi-processed foods, fruits and vegetables, edible oils, electronic goods etc., besides domestic appliances and industrial machinery and other hardware needing

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transportation. With water becoming a consumer product, polymer material-based bottles are becoming a universal presence. Packaging, as distinct from mere “packing”, plays it’s most visible and catalytic role in a modern economy with the widespread adoption of branding of products and development of consumer preferences. To the extent that any consumer product is packaged in a manner that meets the criteria of safety, convenience and attractiveness, it gains market share. In the aggregate, packaging as a sect oral activity boosts consumption and economic growth. Heightened competition in all product sectors within the country as also the increasing need to look for export markets have contributed to the rising demand for appropriate, and at the same time cost-effective, packaging material and technologies. The packaging industry’s growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health (in the case of packaged foods and medicines) and environment friendliness of packing material. The demands on the packaging industry are challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The World Packaging Organizations (WPO) slogan, “Better Quality of Life through Better Packaging”, sumps up the important place that packaging occupies in a modern economy. To ensure that public appreciation of this role and the policy-makers’ support to the industry are not diluted, attention should be paid to basic issues like collection, segregation and reuse of synthetic packaging material and observation of regulatory requirements.

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paper or aluminum. These issues act as a major impediment in flexible packaging becoming an all-pervasive medium. is facing pressure because of issues of environmental protection and safe disposal. barrels made from HOPE. aluminum collapsible tubes. Rigid packaging constitutes glass bottles.Indian Packaging Industry Market: The Indian packaging industry itself is growing at 14-15% annually. and chemical reaction. convenience in handling the product and the cost benefits it provides are added advantages. More so. Paper and paperboard. Flexible packaging finds varied use because of its ability to provide strength. gloss. Flexible packaging has gained vast acceptability because of the protection it offers to the product against environmental threats like moisture. Nonetheless. PET. The remaining 20% comprises flexible packaging. aerosol cans. HOPE. aroma retention. heat retention. the Indian fascination for rigid packaging remains intact. on the other hand is environment friendly and also enjoy the advantages of easy handling and efficient 4 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Flexible packaging contains multi-layered laminated sheets of single or a combination of substrates such as plastic. with the expanding middle class and rising income levels. grease resistance. Concurrently. However. plastic. which is the most commonly used substrate in flexible packaging. salability. It is estimated that more than 80% of the total packaging in India constitutes rigid packaging. the increased interaction with the developed world will considerably influence the aesthetic and quality norms of the Indian consumer and lead to better consumption standards. printability and low odor. a corrugated boxes. This is expected to stimulate greater consumption of branded products and increase the use of rigid and flexible packaging. heat. the patterns of consumption are bound to change substantially and the demand for quality and convenience-based products will increase.a. paperboards. Indian Packaging industry is USD 14 billion and growing at more than 15% p. injection molded plastic containers made of PVC. battery cell cans. which is the oldest and the most conventional form of packaging. moisture resistance. metal cans. This growth rate is expected to double in the next two years. However. These figures indicate towards a change in the industrial and consumer set up.

5mn tones by 2010.58% for 2007-08. Germany and Italy are the latest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan. Korea and China. 5 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The large growing middle class. of which about 40% is consumed by the packaging industry. If the demand for paper continues to grow at the same rate. flexible packaging mandates additional capital requirements and technical know-how for efficient manufacturing operations. especially at the high end. Moreover. liberalization and organized retail sector are the catalysts to growth in packaging. attractiveness of paper and paperboard consumption remains. Germany and Italy are the largest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan and China. while a wide range is manufactured in India. India's per capita packaging consumption is less than USD 15 against worldwide average of nearly USD 100. Currently. On the packaging machinery side. Indian packaging machinery exports are rapidly growing. The import (customs) duty for packaging machinery is 25. 95% of which are in the small and medium sector located all over India. Paper is the fastest growing substrate segment with a growth rate of 6-7%. There are about 600-700 packaging machinery manufacturers. Laminated products including form-fill-seal pouches. Food and Pharma packaging are the key driving segments. the industry imports machinery. India’s imports at 20 & 25% of its total packing machinery import indicate further opportunities for Italian companies to explore.process implementation. Although substrates like plastic have gained vast acceptability. laminated tubes and tetra packs are growing at around 30% p. India is ranked 15th in the world for its paper and paperboard consumption and is expected to improve its rank in the future.          Indian packaging machinery imports are USD 125 million.a. total paper consumption is expected to reach 9. The total demand for paper currently is estimated to be around 6 mn tones.

More and more in-line automatic plants are being set up. The industry is converting about 2 million tons of Kraft paper into corrugated boxes. 6 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Deployment of Folder Gluers. transport constraints and high freight costs have meant that small to medium sized corrugated box plants are located near the customers. as corrugated box makers gear up to meet the new demands for high precision boxes with attractive graphics and large integrated production capacities. employing over half a million people – both directly and indirectly. Besides. Factories are spread out in all parts of India. Prices of corrugated sheet and converted boxes have remained low due to the overcapacity. POPs and dispensers. This present scenario is already being challenged by the sweeping changes that are beginning to take shape. Advances in multicolor. flexi printing will facilitate in-house flexi printing and do away with screen printing.Some important Packaging sub-sectors: Corrugated Packaging & Situation in India: A flourishing organized retail have raised the expectations that consumption of corrugated packaging will begin to expand again as the number and volume of goods packaged in corrugated increases. Inline Automatic Board and Box making plants will ease out the present semi automatic production processes. Use of corrugated for display/promotional packs. Rotary Die cutters will be on the increase. even in the remote industrially backward areas. MNCs are demanding corrugated boxes of international standards and the pattern of buying the packaging is changing. contract printing on offset presses.000 corrugated boards and sheet plants are highly labor-intensive. manual operations and low productivity. The over 4.

The Indian pharmaceutical packaging industry is witnessing a spurt in growth. providing instant convincing information about the quality of the product. while at same time jumping off the shelf. cardboard. the packaging industry in India is considered a sunrise industry and its linkages are extensive and highly employment creating. a range of polymer products including rigid and flexible packaging material.paper. On one side. it involves manufacture (and sometimes import) of a wide range of packing material . Today. Other backward linkages of packaging including printing labeling and binding /adhesive tapes etc. injectibles. Besides upward trends in medication consumption. the adoption of stricter regulations and standards governing the production. The packaging has therefore the prime tasks to be appealing. bulk packs. you actually take a decision on which product to buy when we are in the supermarket before the shelves. pet bottles. ampoules. paperboard. strip and blister packs.Pharmaceutical Packaging & Situation in India Pharmaceutical packaging occupies a considerable portion of the overall drugs and pharmaceutical market in India and is growing steadily with the same pace of the industry. pharmaceutical packaging requirements focused exclusively on preserving the quality of enclosed medication. tin an good old wood and steel. aluminum foil. These requirements are now being extended to cover such criteria as the prevention of product tampering and counterfeiting. distribution and labeling of pharmaceuticals will boost global growth opportunities for packaging products and accessories. 7 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . while being functional and reliable. It is important that the packaging let you having a truthful and instant appreciation of the product inside. As most of the consumers. Pharmaceuticals will assume an expanding role in worldwide health care delivery based on new product introductions and economical advantages over other forms of patient treatment. Historically. speaking to you. etc. storage. the assurance of product dispensing accuracy and the promotion of patient compliance with product dosage schedules. Growth will follow upward trends in global medication consumption. which will expand at a strong pace as aging demographic patterns lead to an increasing number of diseases and disorders. Pharmaceutical packaging consists of various types of glass. Of course machinery for making / processing these products and for packing / packaging is another segment closely linked to this industry.

This may be achieved by forms of cushioning such as shredded papers. 5. The information provided on packaging allows the consumer to make informed decisions on the product’s purchase and use. of a wine glass or flacon of perfume. To function successfully. shape. You can easily sense the elegance and the beauty of a bottle of Champaign. glass adds a touch of class to the products contained inside while guaranteeing the highest level of protection and longer shelf life. the package must contain the product.Unlike other materials. foamed plastic or wrappings. Packaging is designed to ensure that the product reaches the consumer in good condition. sheets of corrugated paperboard. from climatic effects (heat and cold. Supplementary Product Protection: Packaging can also provide supplementary product protection. from hazardous substances and contaminants. Packaging technology has made major contributions to advancing food science and food safety and reduction of food spoilage. Containment: Most products must be contained before they can be moved from one place to another. 2. quality and nutrition. Convenience: Packaging plays an important role in allowing products to respond to the demands and needs of modern consumers. This containment function of packaging makes a huge contribution to protecting the environment. The product is protected during transport and distribution. Packaging therefore contributes to food safety. wine 8 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . vapor. Protection and Preservation: Packaging plays a vital role in protecting products as they go from the manufacturer to the consumer. moisture. Frozen food packs. Faulty packaging (or under packaging) can lead to spillages a result in major losses and serious damage. microwavable containers. 3. Modern methods of consumer marketing would fail were it not for the messages communicated on the package. 4. from infestation. Packaging industry serves the following purposes in India: 1. No other packaging material matches the shelf impact of glass. and feel of glass containers contribute to the premium image of products ranging from fine perfumes to liquor to gourmet foods and beverages. The clarity. Communication: ‘A package must protect what it sells and sell what it protects’. drying atmospheres).

Without the benefit of packaging to preserve food. pre-sterilized containers designed for easy use in operating rooms. sales appeal and quality of retail packaging. Other examples of security packages are lock-on caps and tamperproof closures. Medical packaging also reduces the risk of accidental overdose or improper use by children (child resistant closures). Packaging helps sell products by providing product differentiation and presentation. or laboratories. Reduction of Pilferage: Packaging of a wide variety of products sold from self-service counters is designed to reduce stealing. The product may be sold in a blister package sealed to a large paperboard backing. These types of packaging reflect the demand for convenience and quick food preparation in a way that guarantees freshness. The large card makes the package more difficult to conceal and steal. patient’s rooms. Environmental Aspects: Packaging reduces the amount of waste going to landfill. 6. In the administration of drugs. plus the ability to reflect current consumer trends and images. greater brand awareness and convenience. 8. solid and liquid. the unwanted portions such as skins. The continuously changing demands of consumers will require higher quality graphics and promotional links between graphics and advertising to support brand identities. unit-dose packaging. 9 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . easy-open beverage and food cans and aseptic cartons are good examples of convenience packaging. Marketing Trends: Marketing trends are placing increasing emphasis on the look. remain at the processing point where they can be economically recovered and used in the manufacture of valuable byproducts.cardboard casks. unused drugs to be returned to stock. 7. a higher proportion of food would become spoiled and consequently consigned to garbage collection for land disposal. When the food is packaged. outer leaves and trimmings. in small containers allows sealed. Light weight medical devices are packaged in peel-open.

Factors Affecting Growth of Packaging Industry in India 1. The liberalization of the Indian economy. 10 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Also industrialization and expected emergence of the organized retail industry is fuelling the growth of packaging industry. 4. 2. industry and tertiary sectors. the consumer goods come in small. branded products rather than the loose and unpackaged formats. Overall economic growth has proved to be beneficial for the consumer goods market. has improved the quality of all types of primary and secondary packaging. and fairness creams in laminated pouches are highly innovative and are not used elsewhere. coupled with globalization and the influx of the multi-nationals. As consumerism is rising. with growth of outputs in agriculture. with more and more products becoming affordable to a larger section of the population. rural India is also slowly changing into more of an urban society. there is a growing trend towards well packed. Today even a common man is conscious about the food intake he consumes in day-to-day life. Apart from the normal products packed in flexible packaging. 3. Low Purchasing Power resulting in Purchase of Small Packets India being a growing country. the use of flexible in India includes some novel applications not usually seen in the developed world. Products like toothpaste. Another typical example of such applications is tobacco and betel nut-based intoxicants and mouth fresheners catering to unique Indian taste. Urbanization Modern technology is now an integral part of nation's society today with high-end package usage increasing rapidly. affordable packages. Indian Economy Experiencing Good Growth Prospects The Indian economy is growing at a promising rate. Increasing Health Consciousness As people are becoming more health conscious. purchasing power capacity of Indian consumers is lower. toothpowder.

and noodles being launched in India. Personal health consciousness amongst Indians: With growing awareness towards contagious diseases like AIDS and other STDs.5. 7. awareness towards usage of contraceptives and disposables syringes have increased the demand for packaging required for the same. the review period has seen new products like pasta. Rural Marketing Pushing Demand for Sachets India comprises of a big rural market and there has been growing focus on rural marketing. whereby manufacturers are introducing low-priced goods in smaller pack sizes. Therefore. soups. Changing Food Habits amongst Indians Changing lifestyles and lesser time to spend in kitchens are resulting in more incidence of eating away from homes resulting in explosive growth of restaurants and fast food outlets all over the country. 11 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . where people do not prefer to buy larger packs due to financial constraints. Low priced sachets have proved to be extremely popular in smaller towns and villages. fuelling the growth of packaging industry in India. 6. Indians are trying out newer cuisines and also purchasing similar food items for their homes.

pharmaceutical/life saving drugs and food items. The national capital has some of the biggest and most reputable glass processors in the country. Glass does not deteriorate. Unlike plastic. and Gulati glass are some of the glass processors in the region. factors like increasing demand from emerging markets of India and China. and sustainable food and beverage packaging. stain or fade. increasing per capita is also driving for the growth of the industry and as well as the country wealth increases. changing lifestyle. Glass the fact that glass containers are chemically inert and pure. the perception of glass containers as having a high quality or premium image compared to plastic and metal containers facilitates growth. cans. GSC Glass. Its key property of being chemically inert and transparent makes glass the most suitable medium of packaging of liquor. These areas are dependent on the glass processors in the six clusters to cater to their processed glass plants. green. It is very interesting to note that there are certain areas as big as Italy where you won't find a single glass processing unit. and thus safer to be used. Further. Recyclable is another major advantage of glass which makes a preferred choice for packaging. glass containers do not need a petroleumbased plastic layer or other chemical additive to preserve the taste of foods and beverages. Major Centers The Indian glass processing industry is clustered in six geographical locations that fall near the six industries or metropolitan cities. their popularity and demand is notably high among consumers. avoid corrosion or decrease gas permeability. Mico Glass. rising cosmetic sales. Can you believe a state having a population of 230 million (yes that's million) does not have a single processing unit? The processing clusters are located in and around the following cities :New Delhi. Gold Plus (which recently announced setting up a float line). corrode. so products inside glass container remain as fresh and pure as they were bottled. and multi layered cartons. and all are located in a belt of 100 12 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Global Glass Market The global market for glass packaging is thriving on the back of the increasing consumer demand for pure. In addition to the above benefits of glass.

and all other participants are short-term driven. Consumers are not aware of the availability of various types of glass and what benefits each one gives.Mumbai. Most customers have the perception that glass is something that is transparent and very fragile. Sejal Glass. has some of the very best names in the processing industry. It may seem strange that 13 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . glaziers. Almost no effort has been put into customer service. in fact. glass processors. GSC and Gold Plus glass stand out among the processors in the capital region. GSC glass could be termed the most advanced and largest glass processor in the country. reducing costs. Hyderabad and Bangalore. and Viral Glass are a few of the outstanding names in the region.km in the capital region. new structures are rising. The processing industry in this region is benefiting from the boom in construction activities that has been going on for quite some time. As glass has gained increased popularity in the last fifteen years. Fragmented nature of the industry. Other than these two major industry clusters. you will see how the skyline is changing. Overnight. spiraling Costs. and in the eastern coast of the country in Kolkata. Looking at this one would guess that this is the region where every glass processor would want to be. If you travel to any of these cities today. as it is dubbed. The regulatory framework of building codes for safety and energy also needs to keep pace with industry growth and new glass uses. The remaining clusters are in and around the cities of Chennai. It is no secret that the glass processing industry in India is much disorganized. Fishta Glass. Perhaps. Because of the fragmented nature of the industry. and you will see endless facades of glass also rising. most consumers in India are not aware of type of value-added glass and their respective advantages. as are those of raw materials and infrastructure. Energy costs are increasing. The country's financial capital. The glass industry is also weighed down by the spiraling cost of manufacturing. the most important reason for low volume of value added glasses can be attributed to consumers. In case value-added glass has to make inroads in India at a scale and pace comparison to European countries. Lack of knowledge among architects. Incidentally GSC was the first glass processor in the country when it started to process glass in 1994. so what is the reason that a value-added glass industry in the country is not booming? Low demand drivers Consumer awareness. One prime reason these clusters formed in these particular regions is the spate of construction that has been happening in these cities over the last five years. whole sellers. then prices will have to come down and in a hurry. or systematically developing markets.

are pivotal in supporting current and forecast global volume sales growth for glass. but it has yet to see the light of the day. Price sensitivity of Indian consumers. As disposable incomes increases amongst these dynamic economies and the retail infrastructure continues to develop. but residential buildings. With a price differential between basic flat glass and valueadded glass. Lack of codes. Low penetration in the residential sector.many architects are not aware of the type of value-added glass available. consumers would rather opt for the basic glass type. Despite robust economic growth during the last decade. Value-added glass is finding application in only a minuscule number of residential units. Because glass is a relatively new product in building applications. those who use are still learning about applications and benefits of various types of glass. meanwhile. An overriding theme for glass packaging is that of reduced growth opportunities in mature regions and mature product categories. Another dire problem facing the valueadded glass industry is back of any codes for the products. A drive to adopt a ruling similar to that of Germany's for use of low E glass in windows can drive demand for value added glass in India. are not using much of thee products. a subsequent rise in consumption of packaged food and beverages drives growth of glass. Indian consumers and the Indian market are very price sensitive. and many turn to glass processors to suggest a type of glass for a particular application. which are a major source of demand for these glass types. Latin America and Middle East and Africa regions. 14 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . There was an initiative by one of the state governments to make the use of tempered glass mandatory in commercial buildings. Fast-developing economies in Asia Pacific. There are no government guidelines for the use of any particular type of glass. Use of value-added glass has gained popularity in commercial buildings to a large extent.

dressings and condiments. table sauces. positive growth for glass is further observed in sauces. lightweight PET. The global glass stronghold of spirits is additionally seeing pack substitution in favor of PET amongst more economy lines. most apparent in North America. Beverage can advances in beer and more niche packaging developments exist to challenge the dominance of glass in wine. suited to the on-the-go lifestyle. offers consumers a conveniently lightweight pack. 15 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . wine and spirits.Different types of containers: The influence of competing pack formats impacts glass share as dynamic packaging performer. Harshest impact on glass is seen in carbonates and bottled water sales. This cocooning trend is producing retail growth for glass in its key alcoholic drinks categories of beer. branded products is a further driver for forecast glass growth. The growing consumer trend towards eating and entertaining at home. pickled products and pasta/wet/cooking sauces respond to a widening consumer interest in other world cuisines whilst Asia Pacific's rise in purchases of packaged. itself being furthered by tightened consumer spending in the weaker economic climate is promoting greater packaging growth in the off-trade channel as against weaker on-trade performance. In developed regions. In particular.

economy of the state and the presence of a diligent group of individuals eager to attain growth and success. dedicated customer service and the creation of innovative new products have always been central to our business. The Company has an installed capacity of producing 200 MT per day of Glass and has state of the art equipments designed to produce Glass containers in 100 ml – 1000ml range. Ltd. The manufacturing facilities are among the best and state of the art to achieve high levels of productivity and quality. In the next 5 years. in different shapes and in Flint. and we constantly strive to meet this challenge. we have a clear vision of what we would like to accomplish. 16 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Ltd. a leader in product innovation. Within a short time of operations the Company has built up an excellent reputation for quality and caters to a large and demanding customer base with a product range covering Flint.. This company was cradled by the most arduous and sincere entrepreneurs in the country. They cater to the package needs of hot/ cold food processing. and to be a pioneering leader in the manufacturing of glass products in the global market. cosmetics and other industries. major ports and our customers. We aspire to be a globally respected corporation that provides best business products and services. Amber and Green glass. Outstanding product quality. Pharmaceuticals. and sticks to the basic values and principles that were the pillars on which this company was initially incorporated upon. Vision At Samyu Glass Pvt. We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. Ltd. was established in the year 2009 and is dedicated to the manufacture of high quality glass containers. South India. The factory is located in Andhra Pradesh.. benefited with the support of ever increasing demand for glass containers. has designed and manufactured a wide array of products for many of the world’s most recognized brands. we would like to spread our business establishments and services across the world. and in close proximity to the raw-material resources.  Samyu Glass Pvt.Introduction  Samyu Glass Pvt. Its willingness to take on challenges and see them through is their hallmark. Amber and Green containers.

Constantly identifying new opportunities. security to our employees. and always work for the benefit of the communities we serve. We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. has always been a principal-driven company. · Reliability: We must be caring. We must bring prosperity to our investors. We must surpass customer expectations consistently. sensitive to the laws. and productivity excellence to our customers and business partners.Basic Principals Samyu Glass Pvt. We must have the courage to shape a better future for the society at large. We must be committed to growth and diversification. Primary Competitive Advantages     No of Staff Year of Establishment Product Range    Transparent dealings Utmost client satisfaction Ability to deliver bulk order Stringent quality check 700 2009 Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle 17 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . looking out for new challenges and this must become our way of life. show respect. Everything we do must stand the test of public scrutiny. These principals continue to direct the growth and business of our company. · Excellence: We must constantly strive to achieve the highest possible standards in our dayto-day work and in the quality of the goods and services we provide. Ltd. compassion and humanity for our colleagues and customers around the world. communities and environment in which we work. · Responsibility: We must conduct our business fairly. These principals are an integral part of us and the manner in which we conduct our business: · Leadership: We must strive to set standards in our business and transactions and be an exemplar for the industry and ourselves. We must continue to be responsible. with honesty and transparency.

Our proficient team. which are well-tested by our experts. importing. etc. includes designers. we design and produce various others glass products according to the latest market trends and specifications given by the clients. and more. has captured a huge market share. exporters. Our range is widely used into various industries such as Hot/Cold Beverages. quality analysts. Our spectrum of products includes:    Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle These products are available in various volumes such as 720ml. importers and traders of a wide range of glass bottles. Samyu Glass Private Limited. 320ml. Incepted in the year 2009. Juice Glass Bottle. managers. Pharmaceuticals. plays a crucial role in the marketplace. They are highly experienced with complete knowledge of the processes involved in product manufacturing and their applications. In the near future. exporting. Beverage Glass Bottle. 200ml. The products we manufacture are Alcohol Glass Bottle. packaging inspectors. we plan to expand our export base and become leader in the domain of glass bottles manufacturing. With their expert guidance. Product Portfolio We are engaged in manufacturing. 500ml. we have carved a niche for ourselves as one of the prominent manufacturers. trading and supplying a wide range of glass products. administrator staff. suppliers. sales and marketing personnel. Cosmetics and Food processing.An Overview With an exclusive range of glass products. etc. 18 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The products are made using quality raw material that is procured from renowned vendors of the market. 180ml. we.

Also. Hence. warehousing. etc. the end products are checked on numerous parameters. Some of the numerous reasons.gradation of our facilities allows us to attain timely accomplishment of the targets.Assured Quality Since our foundation. juice glass bottle. 19 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . dispatching. supreme quality has always been primary objective of our organization. and other products. Our Forte We enjoy immense popularity and recognition in the domestic as well as international markets and are known for our flawless products. quality testing unit. Every unit has been provided with adequate resources and upgraded technology to produce a comprehensive range of glass products.state-of-the-art infrastructure that is outfitted with necessary machines and equipment for carrying out smooth production process within committed time frame. Our infrastructure spreads over a vast expanse of land that allows our professionals to work in close proximity. which is managed by a team of experts who supervise all the production processes and ensure that products go without defect. why we are preferred over our competitors are listed below:         Easy payment modes Utmost customer satisfaction Safe and durable products Use of innovative technology Optimum quality of products Versatile infrastructure set up Efficient and experienced personnel Timely delivery of the consignment. We are committed to use best quality material in the manufacturing of alcohol glass bottle. some of which are as follows:      Design Size Durability Accuracy Finishing Sophisticated Infrastructure We have the. Time to time up. Our facilities are divided into various departments such as processing unit. we have a quality control wing.

skin care. It offers 3-D industrial design. graphic design. creative and contemporary. our solutions are fresh. food. and pharmaceuticals. wine. perfumery.Products: Industry served    Juice and mineral water Industry Pharmaceutical Industry Perfumery industry Design Studio As a global leader in the design and manufacture of glass. The center's solutions cover a wide gamut of packaging materials and components. offering marketing support in the form of point of sale design. beverages. Samyu Glass is committed to delivering innovative and creative packaging solutions to customers. and is equipped with an in-house prototype and model making workshop. The Samyu Glass Corporate Design Center is a state-of-the-art facility and offers a complete range of design solutions to customers in categories as diverse as perfumes. The Corporate Design Center also has a center of innovation and development. The center has cutting-edge infrastructure and is peopled with experienced professionals. exhibition design etc 20 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . As a result. cosmetics and art and incorporates best practices into its packaging solutions. The design center continuously tracks the latest trends in fashion. The Corporate Design Center is a product of this commitment. cosmetics. merchandising designs.

too. Delivery and cost. 3. Hot-end ware rejection is an automatic process to ensure quality of the bottles after bottle swabbing. Here. Cost reduction through judicious use of available resources in all Business processes. Quality inspection involves five levels of checks. M-Cal. the line operator. 21 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . where they are gradually heated and cooled to de-stress. 2. neck finish.Quality Policy To Gain the confidence and respect of our customers in the field of Glass container manufacturing by providing quality products that meet and exceed Customer expectations in terms of Quality. VERITAS and VISIGLAS. These machines check for body defects. At the corporate level. bubbles.Continual improvement of our Technology and skills to meet and exceed customer’s statutory quality requirements. with the quality control checker. 4. quality is of paramount importance. Tuning of our business practices through feedback from our customers and suppliers. Quality Assurance Quality Checks: At Samyu Glass. a Six Sigma initiative is being rolled out at both the Indian plants. To ensure consistency and quality. the bottles are put into an annealing chamber. Next. does hot end sampling for dimensional checks. The bottles then pass through a series of automatic and camera inspection checks by equipment like M. we are carrying out a Business Process Excellence initiative. Development of Human resources through systematic Employee’s Involvement. Motivation and Training. immediately after the bottle is formed. foreign matter etc. This shall be achieved by 1. Level 1 happens at the IS machine.

It is expected that they shall continue in this trend for this calendar year. Our present production quality is also acceptable in the market and we are getting the benefits of increased prices.The bottles are finally automatically shrink-wrapped. We are gradually increasing our production and. The container used for transport is fumigated and also checked for cleanliness and hygiene prior to stuffing. Highlights of Samyu Glass Pvt Ltd:          State of art equipment Global network base Cost effective quality products Experienced executive teams Leader in Product Innovation Proximity to raw materials /major ports Stringent quality control policies On time services Dedicated work force OUTLOOK The demand for clear figured glass is very good. we have made 3 new colors this year that were not made for many years coolex. We have to start preparations for the same and have to order out refractoriness that has a lead time of 8-9 months. green. Our colored figured plant needs cold repairs. We plan to introduce some new designs in the coming year. but since colored figured demand is only 2025% of total demand and 3-4 plants at a time make colored figured. Prices of colored figured are also up. This is other than grey that we usually make. Prices are also looking up. thereby. bringing down cost of production per unit. We plan to add new colors in the coming year also. 22 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . blue. and a sample of the packed bottles is put through a QA process to check for defects. there is a strain on orders. In colored figured.

We also manufacture glass bottles for specialty food and beverages. 3635. 3886.46lakhs & Rs. The loss from operations is Rs. 893. 364. These include:     Strong manufacturing presence Wide sales and distribution spread Significant cost advantages Decoration services and accessories Strong Manufacturing Presence Samyu Glass is one of the largest manufacturers of flacconage glass for the pharmaceuticals and perfumery businesses today. 23 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .77 lakhs of previous year. and sales of more than $200 million worldwide. Financial performance During the year the turnover amounted to Rs. 401 lakhs only.98 lakhs compared to Rs.133. The Company has appointed external firms of Chartered Accountants as internal Auditors.Internal control system and their adequacy The Company has adequate system of internal controls to ensure proper safeguarding of the assets.115 tons per day. Samyu Glass has invested more than $110 million in creation of significant new capacity. Samyu Glass offers several competitive advantages over other suppliers of flacconage. and is among the top five manufacturers of perfumery bottles in the world. the net loss comes to Rs.97 lakhs. 1618. After providing for interest and depreciation amounting to Rs.85 Lakhs against net profit of Rs. with an installed capacity of 1. balance is provision made for severance and full and final settlement of Allahabad Plant workers and other write-offs of not recoverable debts.47 lakhs in the previous year.

Programs cover: Education   Funding computers at a local school Improving infrastructure of the school Community Development   Making drinking water more accessible for local communities by building tanks Building roads to make local villages more accessible. with a sales and distribution presence in most major markets across the globe. embossing and other decorative treatments can also enhance customer appeal. Samyu Glass takes its corporate social responsibility seriously. local communities and the under privileged.having importance or meaning 2. Corporate Social Responsibility As a citizen of corporate India.Sales & Distribution Spread Samyu Glass has a large geographic footprint. USA and South America enables us to build more intimate relationships with customers. Two properties of design: 1. etc. Research Design Innovations Glass can be molded into an infinite number of shapes and sizes for consumer appeal and form and functionality. Utility . and respond to their needs quickly and efficiently. Significance . Our significant marketing presence in Europe. programs for senior citizens.quality of being useful 24 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . creative labeling. And. We have a variety of programs designed to help employees.

and by the turn of the century introduction of Scientific THE DESIGN PROCESS: Organization design begins with the creation of a strategy. or fraternity. or accounting. Through the design process. The strategy is derived from clear. Manager and members work together to define the needs of the organization then create system to meet those needs most effectively. the design is approved as an internal change under the guidance of an external facilitator. Typically. The facilitator assures that a systematic process is followed and encourages creative thinking. HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM: Western organizations have been heavily influenced by the command and control structure of ancient military organizations. Within the hierarchy rules. or departments) in which people perform specialized functions such as manufacturing. It is used to match the form of the organization as closely as possible to the purposes the organization seeks to achieve... be it a government. business. organization act to improve the probability that the collective effort of members will be successful. and rational. It is familiar.ORGANISATION STRUCTURE: Most organizations today are designed as a bureaucracy in whom authority and responsibility are arranged in a hierarchy. Activity is organized within sub-units (bureaus. It is what comes immediately to mind when we discover that . information and technology of an organization.we really have to get organized. Organization design is a formal guided process for integrating the people. policies. school. sales. predictable. The same basic organizational form is assumed to be appropriate for any organization. People who perform similar tasks are clustered together. church. and procedures are uniformly and impersonally applied to exert control over member behaviors.a set of decision guidelines by which members will choose appropriate actions. concise statement of purpose and vision and from the organization basic philosophy 25 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

Ltd.Organization Structure of Samyu Glass Pvt. MANAGING DIRECTOR SENIOR MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER FACTORY MANAGER SENIOR ENGINEER ENGINEER SUPERVISOR DEPUTY SUPERVISOR WORKERS 26 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

FUNCTIONAL DEPARTMENTS Managing Director HR FINANCE MARKETING QUALITY PRODUCTION 27 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

Functional departmentalization . and other personnel issues. set of institutions. and to the portion of the firm's organization that deals with hiring. and processes for creating. Functional departmentalization can be used in all types of organizations. legal. Marketing Department: Marketing is defined by the American Marketing Association as the activity. where it was traditionally called labor. delivering. IT. manufacturing. The original usage derives from political economy and economics. This article addresses both definitions. Human Resource Department: Human resources are a term with which many organizations describe the combination of traditionally administrative personnel functions with performance. finance. The advantage of this type of grouping is obtaining efficiencies from consolidating similar specialties and people with common skills. and exchanging offerings that have value for customers. Human resources have at least two related interpretations depending on context. or going to a market to sell goods or services. firing. fair. knowledge and orientations together in common units. one of four factors of production. It is the responsibility of human resource managers to conduct these activities in an effective. marketing and engineering. clients. Employee Relations and resource planning. as in shopping. The term developed from the original meaning which referred literally to going to market.Grouping activities by functions performed. 28 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . and society at large. The functions reflect the nature of the business. partners. communicating. and consistent manner. The field draws upon concepts developed in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Activities can be grouped according to function (work being done) to pursue economies of scale by placing employees with shared skills and knowledge into departments for example human resources. The more common usage within corporations and businesses refers to the individuals within the firm.Departmentalization by function organizes by the functions to be performed. training. The objective of human resources is to maximize the return on investment from the organization's human capital and minimize financial risk.

syfes. in part at least.html 29 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 3. The Production Manager is responsible for making sure that raw materials are provided and made into finished goods effectively. organizations. Accounting has been defined by the AICPA as “The art of recording. income. The production and planning department. The purchasing department. and reporting of the value of assets. accounting is the system of recording. verifying. and public agencies. 4. classifying. Finance Department: Finance. tax authorities and other decision makers to make resource allocation decisions between and within companies. and interpreting the results thereof." Source: http://www. Such financial information is primarily used by lenders. investors. of financial character. and summarizing in a significant manner and in terms of money. transactions and events which are. The design and technical support department. 2. liabilities. and expenses in the books of account (ledger) to which debit and credit entries (recognizing transactions) are chronologically posted to record changes in value (see bookkeeping). The stores department. managers. and must supervise procedures for making work more efficient and more enjoyable.com/1. He or she must make sure that work is carried out smoothly. 5. In a manufacturing company the production function may be split into five sub functions: 1. The works department.Production Department: Production is the functional area responsible for turning inputs into finished outputs through a series of production processes.

improving the quality of product or service.3. So every sector role is vital. therefore.1 Today we are living in competitive world. But it is not true. In fact. the development of people has been a neglected phenomenon in the past and therefore. felt that they need to be administered or managed. larger volumes of production and greater emphasis on specialization lay stress on cutting down the costs of production. Unfortunately. These organizations tended to view people as mere instruments for accomplishing organizational goals and. 30 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . ignored by most of the organizations. enhancing market share and maintaining effective and efficient leadership. complexities of modern organizations as apparent from changing technology. increasing size of business.1-HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT STRUCTURE OF HR DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SENIOR MANAGER (HR) ASSISTANT MANAGER (HR) FACTORY MANAGER Table-3. develop and utilize his or her potentials. At the same way in the organization human resource role is very central. Every human being has the ability and potential to do remarkable things if they are provided with opportunities and climate to understand.

All decisions of the Recruitment Committee are recorded in respect of each candidate. preliminary short-listing.com/blog/2008/06/15/understanding-high-level-recruitment-process/ 31 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Recruitment: Recruitment in Samyu Glass is a very fair and transparent process with adequate opportunities to look for suitable candidates internally as well as from outside. Recruitment process steps Source: http://hrmadvice. interviews. A committee of officers handles the entire recruitment process comprising screening of applications. and final selection. Applicants are generally invited on the basis of specific advertisements in newspapers.

These incentives include: performance linked incentives. which can be expected to select from. nomination to external training programmers in India and abroad. 2) Selecting recruitment source – The recruitment specialist has to decide about the correct recruitment channels to be used and the amount of job resumes. Some plants have Best Employee and Employee of the Month awards Training and Development: SAMYU Glass’s new performance management system incorporates a process called ‘Competency Assessment’ and ‘Training and Developmental Needs’ wherein appraisers are specifically called upon to identify and assess training needs of employees at specific intervals that do not coincide with performance appraisals. and appreciation. good work awards. Performance Management: The Company’s performance management system is in itself a benchmark that provides ample opportunities and motivational incentives to employees so as to reward and retain good talent within the Company. 3) Selecting job candidate – The process when the recruitment specialist and the manager select the best candidates to make the offer to them. Training is imparted to take care of an individual’s career development as well as functional and skill enhancement. This part of the recruitment process decides about the speed of the whole process. The manager and the recruitment specialist define the profile of the position and the profile of the suitable candidate. letters of appreciation. The recruitment specialist summarizes the requests of the manager and the wish told by the job candidate and tries to convert the job candidate into a new hire for the organization. 4) Making an offer – The nicest part of the recruitment and selection process.Overview of the recruitment process steps: 1) Job Position Opening – The most important process step for the successful recruitment and selection of the good candidate. promotions. special increments. Competency and development training inputs include skill and 32 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . public felicitation. The recruitment specialist has to be prepared for detailed discussions to have a good definition of the ideal job candidate. This part is usually the process step with the biggest risk of the delay in the recruitment process. This is so that training needs can be assessed objectively.

retirement benefits. The process identifies the necessity inputs aim at imparting technical/managerial knowledge. It has several schemes for general welfare of employees and their families.general performance enhancement. These cover education. Counseling is carried out by HRD appraisers & professional counselors. Ltd. Employees feel good about what Samyu Glass does for society. useful suggestions for the improvements. is a safe place to work. Functional training needs are identified and conducted by functional departments while corporate HR organizes competency and developmental inputs. loans and financial assistance. & contributions to technical/academic knowledge. to establish better working relationship & to cope up with personal problems. Samyu Glass Pvt. Management thinks positively. AWARDS: Awards are instituted by the company in the recognition of outstanding work performance. COUNSELING: Counseling services are provide to enhance employees competence & job satisfaction. to prepare them for future responsibilities. interpersonal skills & attitudes that will helping dealing with the 33 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . and recreation facilities Employee Satisfaction: The salient points of the survey of employees are shared below: People are treated fairly regardless of religion and gender. healthcare. CARRER PLANING: This is ensuring that people of the right caliber are available to meet the present & future requirements of organization. Management is competent in running business. communication skills and career development. Employee Welfare and Perquisites: Employee welfare receives prime attention at Samyu Glass.

as to match the individual to the task & inculcate a high sense of organizational loyalty. Contribute towards health & welfare of employees. so as to secure super achievers & nurture them to excel in there. HR departments shall Co-ordinate this activity. skills & attitudes. Recognize worthy contributions in time & appropriately so as to maintain a high level of employee’s motivation & morale. incentives & control. orientation & training.      Impact such induction. lateral mobility & self development through self motivation. It shall endeavor to uphold the dignity of individuals. concerned HOD & unit chief shall implement the process.   Implement equitable. SUCCESSION PLANING: The manager in Samyu Glass organization will prepare a succession plan to all position under him with the guidance of Deputy managing. 34 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Provides facilities for all round growth of the individual by training in & outside the organization. identify the right incumbents with high potential for all positions. Other factors to develop potential include activities such as exposure to new functional projects. by making feel proud partners in progress. Appraisal & promotion shall be ethical & impartial. Build teams & faster team work as the primary instrument in all activities. through the following measures:  Ensure a high degree of selectivity in recruitment of employees/trainees explicitly on Criteria of their knowledge. Succession planning & career planning shall be reviewed every 6 month in the company. scientific & objective system of rewards. Groom every individual to realize his potential in all facts while contributing to attain higher organizational & personal goals.external & internal environments.

communicating and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stake holders” 35 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .2-MARKETING DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MARKETING DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SALES & MARKETING MANAGER REGIONAL MANAGER FIELD MANAGERS REPRESENTATIVES Table-3. AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION offers the formal definition of marketing “Marketing is an organizational function and a set of processes for creating. One of the shortest definitions of marketing are “meeting needs profitably”.2 MARKETING Marketing deals with identifying and meeting human and social needs.`3.

meeting and growing customers through creating. delivering and communicating superior customer value. McCarthy classified these tools into 4 broad groups called 4 P’s of marketing: Table-3. Marketing mix Marketing mix is defined as the set of marketing tools the firm uses to pursue its marketing objectives.com/2011/the-4-ps-of-marketing-the-marketing-mix-strategies/ PRODUCT: The following features of the products are considered before releasing a product for sale. Quality Brand Packing Legal Aspects. 36 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .3 Source: http://business-fundas.MARKETING MANAGEMENT Marketing Management can be defined as the art and science of choosing target markets and getting.

It covers also adoption of method for increasing sales by motivation of customers. Samyu Pvt. which they create for sale. chances of trial and adoption of the product is much greater. PROMOTION: Promotion is a communication process for informing the customer and company about the product. stockiest and retailers and sales force. other incentives. gifts. Shiliguri. which look after all the functions regarding advertising.PRICE: The price is the simply amount a customer pays for the product. invites contract of advertisement to private agencies. Ltd. Samyu Glass Pvt. and sometimes company sends their dealers and distributors on tour in Darjeeling. If the price outweighs the perceived benefits for an individual. Adopts various types of sales promotion tools like discounts. Samyu glass uses different modes of media vehicle to reach the people such as: Magazines 37 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Ltd. Sikim etc. the perceived value of the offering will be low and it will be unlikely to be adopted. but if the benefits are perceived as greater than their costs.

triple or quadruple gobs are available throughout the world. and 10 sections operating double gobs are now available and in operation in India. production department takes on a very decorative position in the entire array of company affairs. 8. Machines working either single. production planning and organization as well as overall capacity utilization. duel.) machine produced first time in 1925 is now used all over the world as the most dominant machine for bottle and jar production.3-PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING PRODUCTION MANAGER PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR WORKER Table-3.S. 38 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The number of sections in a machine depends on the size of the orders expected.5 In Samyu Glass Private Limited.S.3. Machines with 6.) MACHINE Individual Section (I. During the initial years of production of this machine there were only four sections. there are number of individual sections. The production department is concerned with the planning and organization of the production system. The largest machine has 12 sections. In this machine. INDIVIDUAL SECTION (I. It is responsible with the overall situation of the plant And the machinery.

Individual Section machine does not rotate. The moulds stay in the same position and just open and close. A transfer arm pivoted between a blank and blow mould transfers the parison from one mould to another.

MECHANISM
1. Shear Mechanism 2. Scoop Mechanism 3. Funnel Mechanism 4. Baffle Mechanism 5. Plunger Mechanism 6. Neckring Mechanism 7. Invert Mechanism 8. Blowhead Mechanism 9. Vertiflow Mechanism The Operation of making glasses: 1. Shear mechanism - shears the gob 2. Scoop mechanism - guides the gob 3. Mould opening & closed mechanism - Blank mould closed 4. Funnel mechanism – guides the gob in required shape 5. Baffle mechanism – ‘ON’ operation 6. Plunger mechanism – ‘ON’ 7. Counter blow operation 8. Settle blow operation 9. Neckring mechanism - Parison transfer to blow mould 10. Blow head mechanism - Final blow 11. Take-out mechanism – takes the bottle to the machine conveyor

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SHEAR MECHANISM
The shear mechanism consists mainly of two sector gears, two arms and bracket. The shear blades are fixed on the shear arms. The function of the shear mechanism is to shear the gobs in proper shape and size for the container making process.

SCOOP MECHANISM
The scoop mechanism consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement. The purpose of scoop mechanism is to supply the gob to the different sections of the I.S. machine for glass formation.

FUNNEL MECHANISM
The funnel mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder. The arm is dipped in an oil well and the ‘OFF’ operation is spring controlled. The purpose of funnel mechanism is to hold the funnel arm and to guide the gob in the required shape to the blank mould.

Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 33% during downstroke and 35% during upstroke

         

Less mold equipment wear Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for funnel mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Integrated cushioning ring Permanent lubrication Precise mechanism movement

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BAFFLE MECHANISM
A baffle mechanism consists of a long piston and rod and a cylinder. The twisting of the baffle of the baffle arm is achieved by a cam provided at the bottom of the cylinder. The function of the baffle mechanism is to hold the parison while giving counter blow and then to give the settle blow.
     

Faster Baffle operations Improved alignment between blank molds and baffles Less wear on mold equipment Improved motion and repeatability of baffle arm Prolonged service life of the baffle mechanism 60% less force on the baffle mechanism creates smoother baffle operation No baffle arm overlap into adjacent section in the "Off-Position"

    

Equal settle blow air pressure build-up in all cavities Quick-Change Baffle Head reduces job-change time Quick conversion capabilities (SG / DG / TG) Improved operating safety Compatibility with existing mold equipment

PLUNGER MECHANISM
The function of plunger mechanism is to provide the counter blow air for parison formation and to give the plunger ‘ON’ movement for the formation of the neck of the glass container. It consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement.
     

For Precision Parison Forming Quick Exchange for Different Processes Low Friction Design for Narrow Neck Press & Blow Precise Plunger Alignment Improved Plunger Cooling Improved Efficiency and Reduced Job-Change time

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The function of the blow head mechanism is to provide the final blow air for the complete formation of the bottle in the blow mould cavity.     50% higher cooling efficiency Easier handling at job change Rigid design Well proven damper cylinder INVERT MECHANISM The invert mechanism consists of a racked piston and a cylinder. Cartridge valve       Predictable cooling helps produce more consistent container quality Reduced cooling time leads to potential for higher production speed Easier mold change helps reduce down time Fumes carried away thus providing better working environment No heat load on section helps increase mechanism life Conversion of VertiFlow Molds to use of existing mold stock BLOWHEAD MECHANISM The blow head mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder. The function of neckring mechanism is to hold the neckring and to transfer the ware than the blank mould to the blow mould. The function of invert mechanism is to rotate the neckring mechanism for parison transfer. 42 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . which are air operated. The end operations are cushioned by two hydraulic cartridges. The cam and cam roller movement determines the swing of the arm. The cam is immersed in an oil well.NECKRING MECHANISM The neckring mechanism consists of a splined shaft and two cylinders.

Molten glass usually ranges in temperature between 2. the glass stream is distributed to different forehearth for the respective production line.S Machine. sand. which is air operated. Plungers intercept the stream of molten glass from the forehearth and cuts gobs individually by mechanical shears. 43 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . recycled glass). soda ash.300 and 2. The gob distributor then routes the gobs into blank moulds at the I. Gob Distribution At the end of the furnace.S. The function of the vertiflow mechanism is to provide the cooling air for the cooling of the blow moulds in an I. and other raw materials together.Blow head arms  Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 37% during down stroke and 24% during upstroke          Less wear on blow head arms and blow heads Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for blow head mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Optimized upstroke piston rod cushioning Integrated air and lubrication piping VERTIFLOW MECHANISM The vertiflow mechanism consists of an air chamber and a damper. limestone. The Production Process Glass Melting The furnace melts cullet (crushed.800° F. Furnace Control systems monitors and controls firing temperature. Molten glass is conditioned in the forehearth and its temperature gradient is equalized to ensure uniform temperature homogeneity. machine.

It is then transferred to molded side. a layer of polyethylene wax. making the glass much more durable. Flavored Alcoholic Beverages and soft drinks can be made from concentrate or from a recipe. stretching & cooling the parison to exact inner cavity profile of the mould. protecting it from scratching and stopping containers from sticking together when they are moved on a conveyor. is applied via a water based emulsion. mechanical and manual checks to ensure it passes the most stringent health and safety standard requirements. electronic. Cold End Coating After annealing. Rejected containers are recycled back into the furnace. 44 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . laser. Glass is heated to the annealing point and then slowly cooled to room temperature. This process relieves the internal stresses. called blisters and thin glass. forming the final shape of the container. foreign inclusions called stones. Annealing Lehr The glass containers are then submitted through a special type of oven called a Lehr designed specifically for annealing glass. where compressed air and vacuum are applied.Container Forming Gobs of glass are delivered to blank moulds to form a parison. The resultant invisible combined coating gives a virtually unscratchable surface to the glass. Typical faults flagged up in this process include small cracks in the glass called checks. Product can be processed at sales gravity or high gravity product then diluted and carbonated. This makes the glass slippery. The ring finish and internal bore are created. bubbles in the glass. Bottle Filling A completely hygienic process throughout all the pipe works and valves are stainless steel the only flexi hoses on the site are between tanker and intake bay. Cold End Inspection All containers are monitored regularly throughout the production process and the end product is subject to exhaustive computer.

Handling. Ltd. packaging integrity is maintained. Palleting & Wrapping Glass containers are staked automatically on pallets and separated by cardboard into rows before going undergoing the shrink wrapping process. Monitor and review of manufacturing activities with the shop supervisors to achieve targets. neck though packs and tray and shrink wrapping are all options that are available. Quality assurance department will be provided information by production department for traceability of products.       Creating awareness among department personnel. Participation in design review when necessary. Identification of resource requirement and provision of adequate resource. Implementation of storing/handling instruments. 45 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Packaging Depending on Customer requirements the final product can be packed in a multitude of ways. Responsibilities of Productions Department Heads:    To schedule the production program to achieve the set targets. All individually racked. To monitor and ensure safety precautions are adhered to during production activities. This involves a hood type film being placed over the pallet before being heated until the pallet contents are in a compact unit ensuring minimal movement of the product in transit. Storing & preservation of materials & products. Warehousing The Pallets of Container Glass move along a railing system into the automated warehouse. Roles of Production department in Samyu Glass Pvt. Cases ranging from 4 to 30 bottles. All pallets remain in storage until distribution to the customer or directed to the in-house filling lines.

if R&D is late in developing a new product the loss in income to the company may be severe. To study and improve the stator pressing process in co-ordination with shop supervisors and engineering department. The relationship between R&D and Production is also very important. To identify the requirements of production resources tools and fixture for effective production shop floor. To ensure optimum work in progress in the shop floor with the co-ordination from the procurement team.       To co-operate with engineering department for any design modification or rework activities during production. 46 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Interacting with customers and updating the production status. Motivate the workers. If this occurs it may not be possible to meet production targets for extended periods.

4-FINANCE DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING FINANCE MANAGER ACCOUNTANT OPERATIONAL PERSONS Table-3.3. To reach this objective. the firm purchases. said to be the circulatory system of the economic body of the firm. 47 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . and then produces the output to sell. which relates to management of cash and credit. organizes and manages various factors of production. and all these processes require funds. Finance is. therefore.” goes the saying and obviously financial management is the one of the four important areas of the management. The central feature of the financial department is the formulation of the firm’s strategy in determining the most effective use of funds and selecting the most favorable sources of additional funds that the firm would require in future. apart from the primary objective of enhancing long-term shareholder value.9 “Money makes many things happen. Financial management is the administrative function. The major objective of any business firm is to make profit for its proprietor.

the current liabilities and interrelationship that exist between them. Develop the best plans to obtain the external funds needed Determine the financial resource required to meet the corporation operating and capital expenditure program. working capital is the difference between the inflow and outflow of funds (net cash inflow). inventories of raw materials. In accounting. stores.managementstudyguide. merchandise. Establish and maintain a system of financial control governing the allocation and use of the funds.Function of Financial Management: The function and responsibility of the finance and account wings include the following:       Analyze the financial results of all operation. 48 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The goal of working capital management is to manage the firm’s current assets and liabilities in such a way that a satisfactory level of working capital is maintained. report the facts to management and make recommendations concerning future operations. WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT: Working Capital Management is concerned to manage the current assets. Working Capital Management involves both setting working capital policy and carrying out that policy in day to day operations.com WORKING CAPITAL: Working capital is that position of the assets of a business which are used in or related to current operations and represented at any one time by operating cycle of such items as against receivables. Planning and forecasting Coordinating of other deportment Source: http://www. notes or bills receivables and cash. work in progress and finished goods.

it is concerned with allocation or deployment of funds among various short term and long term assets. It covers both Debt (External) and Equity (Internal) sources of financing.MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT INVESTMENT DECISIONS: Investment decisions refer to selection of various assets on which funds are invested. FINANCING DECISIONS: Financing decisions also called as Capital Structure decisions are concerned with selection of various sources of financing and their appropriate mix. In short it is concerned with asset mix decision. It is the process of establishing long term quality goals &defining the approach to meet these goals SOURCES OF SHORT TERM FINANCING Credit SOURCES OF LONG TERM FINANCING 49 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . STRATEGY: The company follows the long term & short term strategy for all departments. It involves the study of internal and external sources of financing.

charges like payment of Interest on loan. V. vehicles.  Administration of Taxes i. interest on working capital loan. Income Tax etc 50 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . ANDHRA BANK. SYNDICATE BANK. machineries and equipment. appropriation of accounts. vehicle etc. surrenders a savings.e. purchase Tax. STATE BANK OF INDIA. The functions relating to its entire obligation like salary to employee’s payment of rent. re-appropriations. bank charges and other interest. getting the Discounting allowed by the supplier and takes the advantage of cash advance being received by the customers. All the cash and bank transaction disbursement made through corporate office. Legal and professional charges. III. AXIS BANK. printing and stationary expenses. audit fees. Sales Tax. UCO BANK Major function of finance department at Samyu Glass Pvt. Company is also getting income from interest through Bank Deposit. BANK OF INDIA. VI. II. monthly once petty cash transactions reconcile with main accounts. Operation and maintenance. Ltd. The function relating to purchases include making payment to supplier. The company maintaining banking account in different branches: I. IV. company hire Purchase system for purchasing material. is as Follows:          Preparation of budget. But factory units are maintaining small petty cash transaction.The company is maintaining centralized cash system.

6 It is concerned with planning.3. Organizing.5 MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING MATERIAL DEPARTMENT MANAGER FACTORY MANAGER STORE SUPERVISOR Table-3. controlling the flow of materials from their initial Purchase through internal operation to the service point distribution. organizing. 51 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . controlling flow of materials from their initial purchase to destination. MATERIAL MANAGEMENT is a specific scientific technique concerned with planning.

receipt and issue can be done adequately. housekeeping so that the material handling. and production reporting errors. Challenges for Material Management Department: The major challenge that materials departments face is maintaining a consistent flow of materials for production. A separate place is available to keep the rejected materials to be returned back to that particular supplier or sub contractor. Materials Department have striven to determine how to manage these issues in the business sectors of Manufacturing 52 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . OUT” (FIFO) the nursing materials are kept for six months in two stores deportment. premium freight.To exercise purchase budget control based on the material requirement: on the purchase requirement of MMD. System and Advance Adopted In Material Department: The stores are concerned with receipt issue and storage of materials at the store deportment Receives a copy of the production order from production control department these are maintained in chronological sequence for guide reference. Sub-contracts. schedules at an Economic cost. and often inventory adjustments. There are many factors that inhibit the accuracy of inventory which results in production shortages. shipping errors. receiving errors. The major issues that all materials departments face is incorrect bills of materials. unreported Scrap. material preservation Stocking. The materials accounted in receiving stores and bills are prepared thus the receiving stores prepared report. inaccurate cycle counts.

Ltd. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE.MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT Maintenance management is concerned with planning. Head Technician. sound meter etc as well as some times break down maintenance too. worked under the control of Mr. Prudhvi. In Samyu Glass daily. MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: Maintenance department in Samyu Glass Pvt. PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE. predictive such as flux meter (measuring of Light). weekly. 53 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE. Maintenance Department at Samyu Glass follows preventive. temperature. monthly maintenance activities are carried on. organizing and directing the resources in Order to control the availability and performance of the industrial plants to some specified level. and this department is concerned with maintaining the healthy condition of the Machines and equipment of the company for regular operations. Waste disposal. PLANNED MAINTENANCE. MAINTENANCE TYPE BREAK DOWN OR CORRECTIVE MAINTENACE.

such as chemicals and measuring equipment. 54 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . LTD. It is fully equipped and capable of all chemical. all stages of the cement manufacturing process and capacity modifications are supervised by the Plant laboratory . Samyu Glass is one such industry whose priority is not to be number one in quantity but in quality and reliability Samyu glass Pvt. Laboratory is fully equipped with German technology of the highest standards.3. There are very skilled & smart employees who actively take part in Quality improvement. It is all pervasive.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PVT. MNS ISO/IEC 17025) quality control system. Product samples are taken by professional researchers who update the daily report book in order to monitor the quality of the output and the efficiency of the operation. limestone silos. The factory functions in compliance with ISO 9000 (MNS ISO 9001:2000. cement crushers.such as the strength and quality of the limestone and flashy used. product testing and efficiency evaluation. QUALITY POLICY OF SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: The Plant laboratory is certified by the State Professional Inspection Agency. physical and mechanical testing of glass. Using modern computer-monitoring equipment. cement silos. All the necessary supplies. In this modern & competitive world each & every company is training hard to introduce quality products. Practical operation and management of the laboratory. have been purchased from state-registered companies. The Plant laboratory technician is responsible for the implementation of quality standards. INTRODUCTION: Quality is the fitness to end use. Ltd. tries to see that the quality of a product is ensured by the total Investment of all workers. raw mix Viscosity.

8 Input from Quality Control Data Gathering Problem Trend Analysis Process Identification Process Analysis 55 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .7 Problem Identification Problem Analysis Problem correction Feedback to Quality Assurance TYPICAL QUALITY ASSURANCE STEPS: Table-3.TYPICAL QUALITY CONTROL STEPS: Table-3.

To check the maintenance of the department. sampling instructions. test methods and other Quality Control Procedure. premises and equipment. To ensure that the required initial and continuing training of his department personnel is Carried out and adapted according to need.RESPONSIBILITY OF QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT: To evaluate batch records. To ensure that the appropriate validations are done. To approve specifications. 56 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . To ensure that all necessary testing is carried out.

SWOT analysis may also be used in pre-crisis planning and preventive crisis management. governmental units. programs. and individuals. It also presents the resulting lists uncritically and without clear Prioritization so that. SWOT analysis May be used in any decision-making situation when a desired end-state (objective) has been Defined. Such as: Etc SWOT analysis is just one method of categorization and has its own weaknesses.SWOT Analysis of SAMYU GLASS PVT LIMITED SWOT Analysis explores the relationship between the environmental influences and the strategic Capabilities of an organization compared to its competitors. The usefulness of SWOT analysis is not limited to profit-seeking organizations. Such as: Opportunity & Threat are the external to the organization & can exist or develop in the Following areas. Strength & Weakness are essentially internal to the organization and relate to the organization And relate to the matter concerning resources. A SWOT item that generates no strategies is not Important. and organization in key areas. weak opportunities may appear to balance strong threats. Examples include: non-profit organizations. it May tend to persuade companies to compile lists rather than think about what is actually Important in achieving objectives. for example. For example. The importance of SWOT is revealed By the value of the strategies it generates. 57 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . SWOT analysis may also be used in creating a recommendation during a viability study survey.

STRENGTHS • Availability of raw materials • Ever increasing market demand. 58 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . especially for food products due to inert properties of glass. OPPORTUNITIES • Changing customer preferences. • Safety and environmental factors are also important factors.e. • Glassware serves as best option for packaging industry. • Better quality products being manufactured as compared to competitors • Latest technologies being used • Labor Intensive • Glassware industry is driven by user segment manufacturing chemicals. thus leading costs escalations. the main fuel for heating the furnace • Cartelization of the three major companies supplying soda ash. • Higher taxes as compared. • Low price Chinese products available in India are causing production of some products like chandeliers unviable. • Decades of experience with many of the existing firms WEAKNESSES • Energy cost includes power consumption and running cost of furnaces. Thus. • Lack of financial support for working capital requirements. • Shortage of electricity • Low labor productivity. • Huge potential in the domestic market especially for kitchenware as the lifestyles are becoming more modern • Scope of growth in exports due to better quality being offered by domestic manufacturers and reputation of the firms THREATS • Cost incompetitiveness • Shortage of natural gas i. demanding and well integrated with global trends. food etc. this segment is highly competitive.

To make the current training method (i. 59 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 8. etc.e. Conducting Behavioral Safety Training programmes for workers at plant. 6. it should be borne in mind that training in the above should be made available from the competent professionals. lecture) a grand success. Samyu glass Pvt. India has well and valuable resource . In train period modern and attractive style and systems are needed “In training and Development”. it should be backed up by improved methods like demonstration. audio/video tapes. 2. role play. As the training programmers inspire creativity/innovation there should be at least one training programs in a year for all groups of employees. etc 5. To combat stress at the workplace. in the regular training programs. However. limited has to adopt new methods and strategies in its manufacturing and marketing area & it will make some profit in short while. pranayama. 4. simulation. Most of the employees do not get the opportunity to attend training from the external agencies hence efforts should be made to include such employees. the following suggestions have been made for improving the quality of training practices at Samyu glass and for excelling the performance of the operating staff of cement industry in general and Samyu’s in particular: 1. Safety Observation Tours (SOT) conducted ones in a sixth month by all line managers. meditation.SUGGESTIONS In the light of the major findings observed above. 3. Samyu glass has to make proper utilization of the same. 7. the authorities concerned should make efforts to include relaxation techniques as yoga.

So. It also helped me in experiencing the practicality of the theoretical knowledge that is a part of our curriculum. and where this is example like induction program which is created positive impression. 60 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Conclusion: The organization study is really helps to get a clear idea about functions of the organizations. The understanding of each and every department gives the practical experience about all the theoretical aspects that are studied. The organizational study of Samyu has helped me to get the deep insight of all the functional departments and their unique role in fulfilling the organizational goals. I hope this occasion will make Samyu Glass Pvt. Limited huge profit & transform the position of Samyu Glass in a top level in Packaging and Glass industry. Limited has huge opportunities in future. Now day’s construction and Infrastructure industries are booming in our country. Even the organization to function well requires the support of so many hands. Over all study of the organization helps in knowing the interrelation between the entire department and their role in helping the organization to attain its goals. Samyu Glass Pvt.

61 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

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