Glass industry in India

Glass industry in India is poised to grow rapidly owing to its extensive use in the numerous sectors. The market is driven by increasing disposable income and willingness to spend on better living standards due to rising aesthetic sense among consumers as well as glass being the preferred medium of packaging. The total glass industry is worth INR 180 bn in 2010

The unique attributes of glass like its optical properties, chemical durability, and recyclability account for a range of glass products making it an integral part of the social existence. It is being used for innumerable consumer products ranging from tableware to automotive glass, for lighting and construction, and most importantly as packaging material food and beverages, cosmetics, and chemicals. The ever increasing demand for container glass for both conventional as well as new and specialty products as a result of pioneering researches ensure the continued success of global container glass market. The global market for container glass is projected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 7.9% for the period spanning 2011-2013.

Glass as a packaging material is being increasingly preferred by consumers inclined towards a healthy and sustainable lifestyle. At the same time, the industry is also encouraging the use of glass packaging due to features of better shelf life, design possibilities and recyclability. The factors driving the global container glass market include mainly the growth in beverage, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. However, the development of plastic and PET containers has provided a packaging alternative thus creating a challenge for the global container glass market. The global container glass industry is dominated by Europe and the US, where the container glass category accounts for a sizeable amount of the overall glass market revenues. Both the US and European regions reported an increase in container glass revenues in 2010, in response to improving economic conditions, and rising consumer awareness about the benefits of using glass packaging. In addition, continuous efforts on the part of the governments to promote recycling of glass containers will lead to an unprecedented growth in

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the container glass market. In the recent years, the emerging nations in the field of container glass category, like India and other developing countries, have acquired a dominant position posing as potential threat and as well as opportunity for the existing markets.

The current landscape of the global container glass market is intensely competitive with numerous large and regional players operating in the market, competing on the basis of price, quality, and other marketing attributes. The leading players in the global container glass industry include Saint-Gobain, Owens-Illinois, and Vetropack, among others.

We have predicted the future growth of the global glass container market by combining SPSS Inc.’s data integration and analysis capabilities with our relevant findings. We employed various significant variables that have an impact on this industry and created regression models with SPSS to determine the future direction of the industry. Overall, the glass container market in India has been growing at a healthy rate of over 10 per cent, with F&B segment contributing handsomely due to prospering FMCG sector. Food packaging is witnessing healthy volume growth due to the arrival of organized retail market. This has led to high competition in the packaging segment, and consequently has resulted in a number of innovations in the sector. The adoption of Narrow Neck Press & Blow (NNPB) technology in the production of glass containers has brought a revolution in the Indian glass packaging industry. It has resulted in decreasing the weight of the glass containers by 25-30 per cent. This technology also offers benefits such as better control over glass distribution and increased productivity, thus making glass packaging more cost-effective and convenient for the consumers. All major industries create wealth but if there is one industry that plays a unique role by way of both creation of wealth through a wide range of manufacturing activities and also by way of preserving the wealth or value created by many, many other industries, it is packaging. Apart from the huge value addition and employment involved in these activities, packaging has served the Indian economy by helping preservation of the quality and lengthening the shelf life of innumerable products – ranging from milk and biscuits, to drugs and medicines, processed and semi-processed foods, fruits and vegetables, edible oils, electronic goods etc., besides domestic appliances and industrial machinery and other hardware needing

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transportation. With water becoming a consumer product, polymer material-based bottles are becoming a universal presence. Packaging, as distinct from mere “packing”, plays it’s most visible and catalytic role in a modern economy with the widespread adoption of branding of products and development of consumer preferences. To the extent that any consumer product is packaged in a manner that meets the criteria of safety, convenience and attractiveness, it gains market share. In the aggregate, packaging as a sect oral activity boosts consumption and economic growth. Heightened competition in all product sectors within the country as also the increasing need to look for export markets have contributed to the rising demand for appropriate, and at the same time cost-effective, packaging material and technologies. The packaging industry’s growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health (in the case of packaged foods and medicines) and environment friendliness of packing material. The demands on the packaging industry are challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The World Packaging Organizations (WPO) slogan, “Better Quality of Life through Better Packaging”, sumps up the important place that packaging occupies in a modern economy. To ensure that public appreciation of this role and the policy-makers’ support to the industry are not diluted, attention should be paid to basic issues like collection, segregation and reuse of synthetic packaging material and observation of regulatory requirements.

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which is the oldest and the most conventional form of packaging. printability and low odor. aroma retention. is facing pressure because of issues of environmental protection and safe disposal. Flexible packaging contains multi-layered laminated sheets of single or a combination of substrates such as plastic.a. moisture resistance. These figures indicate towards a change in the industrial and consumer set up. Nonetheless. the Indian fascination for rigid packaging remains intact. on the other hand is environment friendly and also enjoy the advantages of easy handling and efficient 4 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . gloss. a corrugated boxes. Indian Packaging industry is USD 14 billion and growing at more than 15% p. However. These issues act as a major impediment in flexible packaging becoming an all-pervasive medium. which is the most commonly used substrate in flexible packaging. paper or aluminum. plastic. injection molded plastic containers made of PVC. Flexible packaging has gained vast acceptability because of the protection it offers to the product against environmental threats like moisture. aluminum collapsible tubes. the increased interaction with the developed world will considerably influence the aesthetic and quality norms of the Indian consumer and lead to better consumption standards. Rigid packaging constitutes glass bottles. the patterns of consumption are bound to change substantially and the demand for quality and convenience-based products will increase. grease resistance. with the expanding middle class and rising income levels. convenience in handling the product and the cost benefits it provides are added advantages. PET. However. paperboards. salability. HOPE. barrels made from HOPE. This growth rate is expected to double in the next two years. heat retention. This is expected to stimulate greater consumption of branded products and increase the use of rigid and flexible packaging. Paper and paperboard. and chemical reaction. The remaining 20% comprises flexible packaging. metal cans. More so. aerosol cans. heat. Flexible packaging finds varied use because of its ability to provide strength. It is estimated that more than 80% of the total packaging in India constitutes rigid packaging. Concurrently.Indian Packaging Industry Market: The Indian packaging industry itself is growing at 14-15% annually. battery cell cans.

The large growing middle class. Indian packaging machinery exports are rapidly growing. of which about 40% is consumed by the packaging industry. Laminated products including form-fill-seal pouches. Germany and Italy are the latest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan. total paper consumption is expected to reach 9. Korea and China. liberalization and organized retail sector are the catalysts to growth in packaging. Germany and Italy are the largest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan and China. while a wide range is manufactured in India. The total demand for paper currently is estimated to be around 6 mn tones. There are about 600-700 packaging machinery manufacturers.process implementation. 5 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 95% of which are in the small and medium sector located all over India. India's per capita packaging consumption is less than USD 15 against worldwide average of nearly USD 100. attractiveness of paper and paperboard consumption remains. Although substrates like plastic have gained vast acceptability.5mn tones by 2010. Paper is the fastest growing substrate segment with a growth rate of 6-7%. Moreover. laminated tubes and tetra packs are growing at around 30% p. If the demand for paper continues to grow at the same rate. India’s imports at 20 & 25% of its total packing machinery import indicate further opportunities for Italian companies to explore. Currently.          Indian packaging machinery imports are USD 125 million. the industry imports machinery. especially at the high end.58% for 2007-08. flexible packaging mandates additional capital requirements and technical know-how for efficient manufacturing operations. India is ranked 15th in the world for its paper and paperboard consumption and is expected to improve its rank in the future. Food and Pharma packaging are the key driving segments.a. On the packaging machinery side. The import (customs) duty for packaging machinery is 25.

transport constraints and high freight costs have meant that small to medium sized corrugated box plants are located near the customers. Rotary Die cutters will be on the increase. Factories are spread out in all parts of India. flexi printing will facilitate in-house flexi printing and do away with screen printing. contract printing on offset presses. The over 4. MNCs are demanding corrugated boxes of international standards and the pattern of buying the packaging is changing.000 corrugated boards and sheet plants are highly labor-intensive.Some important Packaging sub-sectors: Corrugated Packaging & Situation in India: A flourishing organized retail have raised the expectations that consumption of corrugated packaging will begin to expand again as the number and volume of goods packaged in corrugated increases. as corrugated box makers gear up to meet the new demands for high precision boxes with attractive graphics and large integrated production capacities. More and more in-line automatic plants are being set up. Advances in multicolor. POPs and dispensers. This present scenario is already being challenged by the sweeping changes that are beginning to take shape. even in the remote industrially backward areas. manual operations and low productivity. The industry is converting about 2 million tons of Kraft paper into corrugated boxes. Deployment of Folder Gluers. employing over half a million people – both directly and indirectly. Besides. 6 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Use of corrugated for display/promotional packs. Inline Automatic Board and Box making plants will ease out the present semi automatic production processes. Prices of corrugated sheet and converted boxes have remained low due to the overcapacity.

These requirements are now being extended to cover such criteria as the prevention of product tampering and counterfeiting. the assurance of product dispensing accuracy and the promotion of patient compliance with product dosage schedules. while at same time jumping off the shelf. aluminum foil. providing instant convincing information about the quality of the product. 7 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . pharmaceutical packaging requirements focused exclusively on preserving the quality of enclosed medication. cardboard. while being functional and reliable. speaking to you. Pharmaceutical packaging consists of various types of glass. pet bottles. The Indian pharmaceutical packaging industry is witnessing a spurt in growth. The packaging has therefore the prime tasks to be appealing. Besides upward trends in medication consumption. Of course machinery for making / processing these products and for packing / packaging is another segment closely linked to this industry. the adoption of stricter regulations and standards governing the production. tin an good old wood and steel. you actually take a decision on which product to buy when we are in the supermarket before the shelves. which will expand at a strong pace as aging demographic patterns lead to an increasing number of diseases and disorders. strip and blister packs. On one side. bulk packs. ampoules.paper. As most of the consumers. Other backward linkages of packaging including printing labeling and binding /adhesive tapes etc. Growth will follow upward trends in global medication consumption. Pharmaceuticals will assume an expanding role in worldwide health care delivery based on new product introductions and economical advantages over other forms of patient treatment. Historically. distribution and labeling of pharmaceuticals will boost global growth opportunities for packaging products and accessories. storage. It is important that the packaging let you having a truthful and instant appreciation of the product inside. paperboard. the packaging industry in India is considered a sunrise industry and its linkages are extensive and highly employment creating. injectibles.Pharmaceutical Packaging & Situation in India Pharmaceutical packaging occupies a considerable portion of the overall drugs and pharmaceutical market in India and is growing steadily with the same pace of the industry. it involves manufacture (and sometimes import) of a wide range of packing material . etc. a range of polymer products including rigid and flexible packaging material. Today.

This may be achieved by forms of cushioning such as shredded papers. Modern methods of consumer marketing would fail were it not for the messages communicated on the package. quality and nutrition. You can easily sense the elegance and the beauty of a bottle of Champaign. Protection and Preservation: Packaging plays a vital role in protecting products as they go from the manufacturer to the consumer. wine 8 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 3. The clarity. This containment function of packaging makes a huge contribution to protecting the environment. Communication: ‘A package must protect what it sells and sell what it protects’. Packaging industry serves the following purposes in India: 1. 4. of a wine glass or flacon of perfume. Packaging is designed to ensure that the product reaches the consumer in good condition. Containment: Most products must be contained before they can be moved from one place to another. The product is protected during transport and distribution. vapor. The information provided on packaging allows the consumer to make informed decisions on the product’s purchase and use. moisture. glass adds a touch of class to the products contained inside while guaranteeing the highest level of protection and longer shelf life. drying atmospheres). microwavable containers. To function successfully. Packaging technology has made major contributions to advancing food science and food safety and reduction of food spoilage. 2. from hazardous substances and contaminants. from infestation.Unlike other materials. Packaging therefore contributes to food safety. Frozen food packs. Convenience: Packaging plays an important role in allowing products to respond to the demands and needs of modern consumers. shape. No other packaging material matches the shelf impact of glass. sheets of corrugated paperboard. foamed plastic or wrappings. the package must contain the product. Faulty packaging (or under packaging) can lead to spillages a result in major losses and serious damage. and feel of glass containers contribute to the premium image of products ranging from fine perfumes to liquor to gourmet foods and beverages. from climatic effects (heat and cold. Supplementary Product Protection: Packaging can also provide supplementary product protection. 5.

Reduction of Pilferage: Packaging of a wide variety of products sold from self-service counters is designed to reduce stealing. sales appeal and quality of retail packaging. unit-dose packaging. Light weight medical devices are packaged in peel-open. Without the benefit of packaging to preserve food. These types of packaging reflect the demand for convenience and quick food preparation in a way that guarantees freshness. In the administration of drugs. greater brand awareness and convenience. easy-open beverage and food cans and aseptic cartons are good examples of convenience packaging. the unwanted portions such as skins. plus the ability to reflect current consumer trends and images. Marketing Trends: Marketing trends are placing increasing emphasis on the look. Environmental Aspects: Packaging reduces the amount of waste going to landfill. a higher proportion of food would become spoiled and consequently consigned to garbage collection for land disposal. unused drugs to be returned to stock. 7. solid and liquid. or laboratories. 8. 6.cardboard casks. The product may be sold in a blister package sealed to a large paperboard backing. Medical packaging also reduces the risk of accidental overdose or improper use by children (child resistant closures). in small containers allows sealed. remain at the processing point where they can be economically recovered and used in the manufacture of valuable byproducts. patient’s rooms. Other examples of security packages are lock-on caps and tamperproof closures. 9 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . outer leaves and trimmings. The large card makes the package more difficult to conceal and steal. The continuously changing demands of consumers will require higher quality graphics and promotional links between graphics and advertising to support brand identities. pre-sterilized containers designed for easy use in operating rooms. Packaging helps sell products by providing product differentiation and presentation. When the food is packaged.

Urbanization Modern technology is now an integral part of nation's society today with high-end package usage increasing rapidly. Increasing Health Consciousness As people are becoming more health conscious. affordable packages. the use of flexible in India includes some novel applications not usually seen in the developed world. has improved the quality of all types of primary and secondary packaging. branded products rather than the loose and unpackaged formats. Also industrialization and expected emergence of the organized retail industry is fuelling the growth of packaging industry. toothpowder. the consumer goods come in small. 3. with more and more products becoming affordable to a larger section of the population. Apart from the normal products packed in flexible packaging. purchasing power capacity of Indian consumers is lower. As consumerism is rising. industry and tertiary sectors. 10 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . with growth of outputs in agriculture. Low Purchasing Power resulting in Purchase of Small Packets India being a growing country. The liberalization of the Indian economy. rural India is also slowly changing into more of an urban society. Overall economic growth has proved to be beneficial for the consumer goods market. there is a growing trend towards well packed. and fairness creams in laminated pouches are highly innovative and are not used elsewhere. 4. Products like toothpaste. coupled with globalization and the influx of the multi-nationals. Another typical example of such applications is tobacco and betel nut-based intoxicants and mouth fresheners catering to unique Indian taste. 2. Indian Economy Experiencing Good Growth Prospects The Indian economy is growing at a promising rate. Today even a common man is conscious about the food intake he consumes in day-to-day life.Factors Affecting Growth of Packaging Industry in India 1.

11 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Personal health consciousness amongst Indians: With growing awareness towards contagious diseases like AIDS and other STDs. 6. Indians are trying out newer cuisines and also purchasing similar food items for their homes. the review period has seen new products like pasta. awareness towards usage of contraceptives and disposables syringes have increased the demand for packaging required for the same. where people do not prefer to buy larger packs due to financial constraints. Low priced sachets have proved to be extremely popular in smaller towns and villages. Changing Food Habits amongst Indians Changing lifestyles and lesser time to spend in kitchens are resulting in more incidence of eating away from homes resulting in explosive growth of restaurants and fast food outlets all over the country.5. fuelling the growth of packaging industry in India. whereby manufacturers are introducing low-priced goods in smaller pack sizes. Rural Marketing Pushing Demand for Sachets India comprises of a big rural market and there has been growing focus on rural marketing. 7. and noodles being launched in India. Therefore. soups.

factors like increasing demand from emerging markets of India and China. rising cosmetic sales. Further. pharmaceutical/life saving drugs and food items. corrode. glass containers do not need a petroleumbased plastic layer or other chemical additive to preserve the taste of foods and beverages. green. so products inside glass container remain as fresh and pure as they were bottled. Mico Glass.Global Glass Market The global market for glass packaging is thriving on the back of the increasing consumer demand for pure. Gold Plus (which recently announced setting up a float line). Glass the fact that glass containers are chemically inert and pure. and sustainable food and beverage packaging. their popularity and demand is notably high among consumers. cans. These areas are dependent on the glass processors in the six clusters to cater to their processed glass plants. stain or fade. In addition to the above benefits of glass. avoid corrosion or decrease gas permeability. the perception of glass containers as having a high quality or premium image compared to plastic and metal containers facilitates growth. Unlike plastic. changing lifestyle. and all are located in a belt of 100 12 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Its key property of being chemically inert and transparent makes glass the most suitable medium of packaging of liquor. It is very interesting to note that there are certain areas as big as Italy where you won't find a single glass processing unit. and multi layered cartons. and Gulati glass are some of the glass processors in the region. Glass does not deteriorate. increasing per capita is also driving for the growth of the industry and as well as the country wealth increases. and thus safer to be used. Major Centers The Indian glass processing industry is clustered in six geographical locations that fall near the six industries or metropolitan cities. Recyclable is another major advantage of glass which makes a preferred choice for packaging. GSC Glass. The national capital has some of the biggest and most reputable glass processors in the country. Can you believe a state having a population of 230 million (yes that's million) does not have a single processing unit? The processing clusters are located in and around the following cities :New Delhi.

new structures are rising. It may seem strange that 13 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . As glass has gained increased popularity in the last fifteen years. Perhaps. If you travel to any of these cities today. the most important reason for low volume of value added glasses can be attributed to consumers. most consumers in India are not aware of type of value-added glass and their respective advantages. so what is the reason that a value-added glass industry in the country is not booming? Low demand drivers Consumer awareness. The regulatory framework of building codes for safety and energy also needs to keep pace with industry growth and new glass uses. reducing costs. as are those of raw materials and infrastructure. Energy costs are increasing. Almost no effort has been put into customer service. The glass industry is also weighed down by the spiraling cost of manufacturing.km in the capital region. Most customers have the perception that glass is something that is transparent and very fragile. Other than these two major industry clusters. and in the eastern coast of the country in Kolkata. Fishta Glass. spiraling Costs. Fragmented nature of the industry. as it is dubbed. Overnight. and all other participants are short-term driven. has some of the very best names in the processing industry. then prices will have to come down and in a hurry. you will see how the skyline is changing. GSC glass could be termed the most advanced and largest glass processor in the country. GSC and Gold Plus glass stand out among the processors in the capital region. Consumers are not aware of the availability of various types of glass and what benefits each one gives. The processing industry in this region is benefiting from the boom in construction activities that has been going on for quite some time. The remaining clusters are in and around the cities of Chennai. Because of the fragmented nature of the industry. and you will see endless facades of glass also rising. in fact. In case value-added glass has to make inroads in India at a scale and pace comparison to European countries. Lack of knowledge among architects. Sejal Glass. Incidentally GSC was the first glass processor in the country when it started to process glass in 1994. or systematically developing markets. whole sellers.Mumbai. Looking at this one would guess that this is the region where every glass processor would want to be. glaziers. One prime reason these clusters formed in these particular regions is the spate of construction that has been happening in these cities over the last five years. glass processors. It is no secret that the glass processing industry in India is much disorganized. Hyderabad and Bangalore. The country's financial capital. and Viral Glass are a few of the outstanding names in the region.

As disposable incomes increases amongst these dynamic economies and the retail infrastructure continues to develop. There are no government guidelines for the use of any particular type of glass. meanwhile. Use of value-added glass has gained popularity in commercial buildings to a large extent. Indian consumers and the Indian market are very price sensitive. There was an initiative by one of the state governments to make the use of tempered glass mandatory in commercial buildings. Value-added glass is finding application in only a minuscule number of residential units. Because glass is a relatively new product in building applications. Another dire problem facing the valueadded glass industry is back of any codes for the products. With a price differential between basic flat glass and valueadded glass. Latin America and Middle East and Africa regions. those who use are still learning about applications and benefits of various types of glass. which are a major source of demand for these glass types. Lack of codes. but it has yet to see the light of the day. Despite robust economic growth during the last decade. A drive to adopt a ruling similar to that of Germany's for use of low E glass in windows can drive demand for value added glass in India. are pivotal in supporting current and forecast global volume sales growth for glass. Price sensitivity of Indian consumers. consumers would rather opt for the basic glass type. 14 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . An overriding theme for glass packaging is that of reduced growth opportunities in mature regions and mature product categories. but residential buildings. are not using much of thee products. and many turn to glass processors to suggest a type of glass for a particular application. Fast-developing economies in Asia Pacific. a subsequent rise in consumption of packaged food and beverages drives growth of glass. Low penetration in the residential sector.many architects are not aware of the type of value-added glass available.

Harshest impact on glass is seen in carbonates and bottled water sales. wine and spirits. itself being furthered by tightened consumer spending in the weaker economic climate is promoting greater packaging growth in the off-trade channel as against weaker on-trade performance. suited to the on-the-go lifestyle. Beverage can advances in beer and more niche packaging developments exist to challenge the dominance of glass in wine. dressings and condiments. pickled products and pasta/wet/cooking sauces respond to a widening consumer interest in other world cuisines whilst Asia Pacific's rise in purchases of packaged. table sauces. The global glass stronghold of spirits is additionally seeing pack substitution in favor of PET amongst more economy lines. 15 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . positive growth for glass is further observed in sauces. In developed regions. In particular.Different types of containers: The influence of competing pack formats impacts glass share as dynamic packaging performer. lightweight PET. offers consumers a conveniently lightweight pack. branded products is a further driver for forecast glass growth. The growing consumer trend towards eating and entertaining at home. This cocooning trend is producing retail growth for glass in its key alcoholic drinks categories of beer. most apparent in North America.

Pharmaceuticals. Within a short time of operations the Company has built up an excellent reputation for quality and caters to a large and demanding customer base with a product range covering Flint. in different shapes and in Flint. and sticks to the basic values and principles that were the pillars on which this company was initially incorporated upon. was established in the year 2009 and is dedicated to the manufacture of high quality glass containers. we have a clear vision of what we would like to accomplish. Ltd. This company was cradled by the most arduous and sincere entrepreneurs in the country.. Ltd. Outstanding product quality. The factory is located in Andhra Pradesh. Ltd. Amber and Green containers. dedicated customer service and the creation of innovative new products have always been central to our business. In the next 5 years. The Company has an installed capacity of producing 200 MT per day of Glass and has state of the art equipments designed to produce Glass containers in 100 ml – 1000ml range. Vision At Samyu Glass Pvt. Amber and Green glass. and we constantly strive to meet this challenge. benefited with the support of ever increasing demand for glass containers. We aspire to be a globally respected corporation that provides best business products and services.  Samyu Glass Pvt. economy of the state and the presence of a diligent group of individuals eager to attain growth and success..Introduction  Samyu Glass Pvt. They cater to the package needs of hot/ cold food processing. South India. a leader in product innovation. We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. cosmetics and other industries. has designed and manufactured a wide array of products for many of the world’s most recognized brands. 16 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Its willingness to take on challenges and see them through is their hallmark. The manufacturing facilities are among the best and state of the art to achieve high levels of productivity and quality. and to be a pioneering leader in the manufacturing of glass products in the global market. major ports and our customers. and in close proximity to the raw-material resources. we would like to spread our business establishments and services across the world.

Ltd. Everything we do must stand the test of public scrutiny. · Excellence: We must constantly strive to achieve the highest possible standards in our dayto-day work and in the quality of the goods and services we provide. We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. Primary Competitive Advantages     No of Staff Year of Establishment Product Range    Transparent dealings Utmost client satisfaction Ability to deliver bulk order Stringent quality check 700 2009 Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle 17 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . compassion and humanity for our colleagues and customers around the world. We must bring prosperity to our investors. These principals are an integral part of us and the manner in which we conduct our business: · Leadership: We must strive to set standards in our business and transactions and be an exemplar for the industry and ourselves. with honesty and transparency. has always been a principal-driven company. and always work for the benefit of the communities we serve. These principals continue to direct the growth and business of our company. · Reliability: We must be caring. sensitive to the laws.Basic Principals Samyu Glass Pvt. show respect. communities and environment in which we work. We must surpass customer expectations consistently. We must continue to be responsible. We must have the courage to shape a better future for the society at large. looking out for new challenges and this must become our way of life. and productivity excellence to our customers and business partners. · Responsibility: We must conduct our business fairly. We must be committed to growth and diversification. Constantly identifying new opportunities. security to our employees.

Samyu Glass Private Limited. and more. has captured a huge market share. importers and traders of a wide range of glass bottles. Incepted in the year 2009. Pharmaceuticals. importing. trading and supplying a wide range of glass products. With their expert guidance. They are highly experienced with complete knowledge of the processes involved in product manufacturing and their applications. packaging inspectors. sales and marketing personnel. In the near future. 180ml. etc. we plan to expand our export base and become leader in the domain of glass bottles manufacturing. we. administrator staff. Our spectrum of products includes:    Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle These products are available in various volumes such as 720ml. 200ml. we design and produce various others glass products according to the latest market trends and specifications given by the clients. Juice Glass Bottle. Our proficient team. Cosmetics and Food processing. managers. exporting. 320ml. suppliers. Our range is widely used into various industries such as Hot/Cold Beverages. Beverage Glass Bottle. includes designers. The products are made using quality raw material that is procured from renowned vendors of the market. exporters. quality analysts. 18 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . etc.An Overview With an exclusive range of glass products. The products we manufacture are Alcohol Glass Bottle. we have carved a niche for ourselves as one of the prominent manufacturers. 500ml. Product Portfolio We are engaged in manufacturing. which are well-tested by our experts. plays a crucial role in the marketplace.

Every unit has been provided with adequate resources and upgraded technology to produce a comprehensive range of glass products. dispatching. Hence. Some of the numerous reasons. etc. quality testing unit. Our Forte We enjoy immense popularity and recognition in the domestic as well as international markets and are known for our flawless products. which is managed by a team of experts who supervise all the production processes and ensure that products go without defect. why we are preferred over our competitors are listed below:         Easy payment modes Utmost customer satisfaction Safe and durable products Use of innovative technology Optimum quality of products Versatile infrastructure set up Efficient and experienced personnel Timely delivery of the consignment. some of which are as follows:      Design Size Durability Accuracy Finishing Sophisticated Infrastructure We have the.state-of-the-art infrastructure that is outfitted with necessary machines and equipment for carrying out smooth production process within committed time frame. Also. Our facilities are divided into various departments such as processing unit. We are committed to use best quality material in the manufacturing of alcohol glass bottle. warehousing. juice glass bottle. Our infrastructure spreads over a vast expanse of land that allows our professionals to work in close proximity. the end products are checked on numerous parameters.Assured Quality Since our foundation. and other products. Time to time up. 19 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . supreme quality has always been primary objective of our organization. we have a quality control wing.gradation of our facilities allows us to attain timely accomplishment of the targets.

food. offering marketing support in the form of point of sale design. and is equipped with an in-house prototype and model making workshop. Samyu Glass is committed to delivering innovative and creative packaging solutions to customers. It offers 3-D industrial design. merchandising designs. The design center continuously tracks the latest trends in fashion. beverages. The center has cutting-edge infrastructure and is peopled with experienced professionals. and pharmaceuticals. exhibition design etc 20 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . perfumery. skin care. creative and contemporary. As a result. The Samyu Glass Corporate Design Center is a state-of-the-art facility and offers a complete range of design solutions to customers in categories as diverse as perfumes.Products: Industry served    Juice and mineral water Industry Pharmaceutical Industry Perfumery industry Design Studio As a global leader in the design and manufacture of glass. The center's solutions cover a wide gamut of packaging materials and components. cosmetics. The Corporate Design Center also has a center of innovation and development. our solutions are fresh. graphic design. The Corporate Design Center is a product of this commitment. cosmetics and art and incorporates best practices into its packaging solutions. wine.

Continual improvement of our Technology and skills to meet and exceed customer’s statutory quality requirements. To ensure consistency and quality. the line operator. These machines check for body defects. immediately after the bottle is formed. Tuning of our business practices through feedback from our customers and suppliers. Delivery and cost. Cost reduction through judicious use of available resources in all Business processes. Quality inspection involves five levels of checks. 21 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . we are carrying out a Business Process Excellence initiative. Hot-end ware rejection is an automatic process to ensure quality of the bottles after bottle swabbing.Quality Policy To Gain the confidence and respect of our customers in the field of Glass container manufacturing by providing quality products that meet and exceed Customer expectations in terms of Quality. This shall be achieved by 1. Quality Assurance Quality Checks: At Samyu Glass. Next. 2. 4. the bottles are put into an annealing chamber. with the quality control checker. neck finish. does hot end sampling for dimensional checks. Level 1 happens at the IS machine. foreign matter etc. too. bubbles. 3. VERITAS and VISIGLAS. quality is of paramount importance. Here. The bottles then pass through a series of automatic and camera inspection checks by equipment like M. where they are gradually heated and cooled to de-stress. M-Cal. Development of Human resources through systematic Employee’s Involvement. Motivation and Training. a Six Sigma initiative is being rolled out at both the Indian plants. At the corporate level.

Prices are also looking up. We are gradually increasing our production and. bringing down cost of production per unit.The bottles are finally automatically shrink-wrapped. thereby. We plan to add new colors in the coming year also. Our colored figured plant needs cold repairs. 22 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . It is expected that they shall continue in this trend for this calendar year. The container used for transport is fumigated and also checked for cleanliness and hygiene prior to stuffing. Our present production quality is also acceptable in the market and we are getting the benefits of increased prices. We plan to introduce some new designs in the coming year. there is a strain on orders. This is other than grey that we usually make. In colored figured. Highlights of Samyu Glass Pvt Ltd:          State of art equipment Global network base Cost effective quality products Experienced executive teams Leader in Product Innovation Proximity to raw materials /major ports Stringent quality control policies On time services Dedicated work force OUTLOOK The demand for clear figured glass is very good. We have to start preparations for the same and have to order out refractoriness that has a lead time of 8-9 months. but since colored figured demand is only 2025% of total demand and 3-4 plants at a time make colored figured. blue. Prices of colored figured are also up. green. we have made 3 new colors this year that were not made for many years coolex. and a sample of the packed bottles is put through a QA process to check for defects.

47 lakhs in the previous year.115 tons per day.133. the net loss comes to Rs. balance is provision made for severance and full and final settlement of Allahabad Plant workers and other write-offs of not recoverable debts.97 lakhs. and sales of more than $200 million worldwide. 401 lakhs only.Internal control system and their adequacy The Company has adequate system of internal controls to ensure proper safeguarding of the assets. 23 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 1618. Samyu Glass offers several competitive advantages over other suppliers of flacconage. 3886. 893.46lakhs & Rs. Financial performance During the year the turnover amounted to Rs. The loss from operations is Rs. The Company has appointed external firms of Chartered Accountants as internal Auditors. 3635.77 lakhs of previous year. Samyu Glass has invested more than $110 million in creation of significant new capacity. and is among the top five manufacturers of perfumery bottles in the world. After providing for interest and depreciation amounting to Rs. with an installed capacity of 1.85 Lakhs against net profit of Rs.98 lakhs compared to Rs. We also manufacture glass bottles for specialty food and beverages. These include:     Strong manufacturing presence Wide sales and distribution spread Significant cost advantages Decoration services and accessories Strong Manufacturing Presence Samyu Glass is one of the largest manufacturers of flacconage glass for the pharmaceuticals and perfumery businesses today. 364.

USA and South America enables us to build more intimate relationships with customers. and respond to their needs quickly and efficiently. And. creative labeling. Research Design Innovations Glass can be molded into an infinite number of shapes and sizes for consumer appeal and form and functionality. Samyu Glass takes its corporate social responsibility seriously. Utility . embossing and other decorative treatments can also enhance customer appeal. Two properties of design: 1. Our significant marketing presence in Europe.having importance or meaning 2. programs for senior citizens. etc.Sales & Distribution Spread Samyu Glass has a large geographic footprint. Significance . Programs cover: Education   Funding computers at a local school Improving infrastructure of the school Community Development   Making drinking water more accessible for local communities by building tanks Building roads to make local villages more accessible.quality of being useful 24 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . We have a variety of programs designed to help employees. local communities and the under privileged. with a sales and distribution presence in most major markets across the globe. Corporate Social Responsibility As a citizen of corporate India.

It is used to match the form of the organization as closely as possible to the purposes the organization seeks to achieve. Through the design process. It is familiar. school. Organization design is a formal guided process for integrating the people. or accounting. business. be it a government. or departments) in which people perform specialized functions such as manufacturing. the design is approved as an internal change under the guidance of an external facilitator. predictable. and procedures are uniformly and impersonally applied to exert control over member behaviors. Activity is organized within sub-units (bureaus. policies.a set of decision guidelines by which members will choose appropriate actions. information and technology of an organization. The facilitator assures that a systematic process is followed and encourages creative thinking. People who perform similar tasks are clustered together. HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM: Western organizations have been heavily influenced by the command and control structure of ancient military organizations. The strategy is derived from clear. and by the turn of the century introduction of Scientific THE DESIGN PROCESS: Organization design begins with the creation of a strategy.ORGANISATION STRUCTURE: Most organizations today are designed as a bureaucracy in whom authority and responsibility are arranged in a hierarchy. or fraternity. The same basic organizational form is assumed to be appropriate for any organization. sales.. Within the hierarchy rules. organization act to improve the probability that the collective effort of members will be successful.. It is what comes immediately to mind when we discover that . Typically.we really have to get organized. and rational. Manager and members work together to define the needs of the organization then create system to meet those needs most effectively. concise statement of purpose and vision and from the organization basic philosophy 25 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . church.

Ltd. MANAGING DIRECTOR SENIOR MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER FACTORY MANAGER SENIOR ENGINEER ENGINEER SUPERVISOR DEPUTY SUPERVISOR WORKERS 26 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Organization Structure of Samyu Glass Pvt.

FUNCTIONAL DEPARTMENTS Managing Director HR FINANCE MARKETING QUALITY PRODUCTION 27 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

and society at large. This article addresses both definitions. and processes for creating. The more common usage within corporations and businesses refers to the individuals within the firm. finance. The objective of human resources is to maximize the return on investment from the organization's human capital and minimize financial risk. The functions reflect the nature of the business. The field draws upon concepts developed in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. communicating. Functional departmentalization . legal. clients. and exchanging offerings that have value for customers. firing. It is the responsibility of human resource managers to conduct these activities in an effective. marketing and engineering. manufacturing. fair. Marketing Department: Marketing is defined by the American Marketing Association as the activity. as in shopping. where it was traditionally called labor. delivering. one of four factors of production. Functional departmentalization can be used in all types of organizations. The term developed from the original meaning which referred literally to going to market. Human resources have at least two related interpretations depending on context. Human Resource Department: Human resources are a term with which many organizations describe the combination of traditionally administrative personnel functions with performance. set of institutions. IT. or going to a market to sell goods or services. training.Departmentalization by function organizes by the functions to be performed. Activities can be grouped according to function (work being done) to pursue economies of scale by placing employees with shared skills and knowledge into departments for example human resources. and other personnel issues. knowledge and orientations together in common units. and to the portion of the firm's organization that deals with hiring. partners. Employee Relations and resource planning. The advantage of this type of grouping is obtaining efficiencies from consolidating similar specialties and people with common skills.Grouping activities by functions performed. The original usage derives from political economy and economics. and consistent manner. 28 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

transactions and events which are. 5.com/1. In a manufacturing company the production function may be split into five sub functions: 1. in part at least.Production Department: Production is the functional area responsible for turning inputs into finished outputs through a series of production processes. Such financial information is primarily used by lenders. The stores department. income. tax authorities and other decision makers to make resource allocation decisions between and within companies.html 29 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The design and technical support department. verifying. investors. liabilities. managers. and must supervise procedures for making work more efficient and more enjoyable. The purchasing department. He or she must make sure that work is carried out smoothly. and summarizing in a significant manner and in terms of money." Source: http://www. accounting is the system of recording. The works department. The Production Manager is responsible for making sure that raw materials are provided and made into finished goods effectively. of financial character. and interpreting the results thereof. The production and planning department.syfes. classifying. 4. Accounting has been defined by the AICPA as “The art of recording. and reporting of the value of assets. 2. and expenses in the books of account (ledger) to which debit and credit entries (recognizing transactions) are chronologically posted to record changes in value (see bookkeeping). organizations. Finance Department: Finance. 3. and public agencies.

1 Today we are living in competitive world. 30 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . improving the quality of product or service.1-HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT STRUCTURE OF HR DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SENIOR MANAGER (HR) ASSISTANT MANAGER (HR) FACTORY MANAGER Table-3. Unfortunately. Every human being has the ability and potential to do remarkable things if they are provided with opportunities and climate to understand. develop and utilize his or her potentials. ignored by most of the organizations. So every sector role is vital. complexities of modern organizations as apparent from changing technology. increasing size of business.3. larger volumes of production and greater emphasis on specialization lay stress on cutting down the costs of production. therefore. felt that they need to be administered or managed. In fact. But it is not true. These organizations tended to view people as mere instruments for accomplishing organizational goals and. enhancing market share and maintaining effective and efficient leadership. At the same way in the organization human resource role is very central. the development of people has been a neglected phenomenon in the past and therefore.

Recruitment process steps Source: http://hrmadvice. All decisions of the Recruitment Committee are recorded in respect of each candidate.com/blog/2008/06/15/understanding-high-level-recruitment-process/ 31 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . interviews. preliminary short-listing. A committee of officers handles the entire recruitment process comprising screening of applications.Recruitment: Recruitment in Samyu Glass is a very fair and transparent process with adequate opportunities to look for suitable candidates internally as well as from outside. and final selection. Applicants are generally invited on the basis of specific advertisements in newspapers.

Overview of the recruitment process steps: 1) Job Position Opening – The most important process step for the successful recruitment and selection of the good candidate. promotions. This is so that training needs can be assessed objectively. Training is imparted to take care of an individual’s career development as well as functional and skill enhancement. letters of appreciation. 2) Selecting recruitment source – The recruitment specialist has to decide about the correct recruitment channels to be used and the amount of job resumes. These incentives include: performance linked incentives. 4) Making an offer – The nicest part of the recruitment and selection process. special increments. The manager and the recruitment specialist define the profile of the position and the profile of the suitable candidate. Performance Management: The Company’s performance management system is in itself a benchmark that provides ample opportunities and motivational incentives to employees so as to reward and retain good talent within the Company. This part of the recruitment process decides about the speed of the whole process. nomination to external training programmers in India and abroad. which can be expected to select from. and appreciation. This part is usually the process step with the biggest risk of the delay in the recruitment process. The recruitment specialist has to be prepared for detailed discussions to have a good definition of the ideal job candidate. public felicitation. The recruitment specialist summarizes the requests of the manager and the wish told by the job candidate and tries to convert the job candidate into a new hire for the organization. Competency and development training inputs include skill and 32 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Some plants have Best Employee and Employee of the Month awards Training and Development: SAMYU Glass’s new performance management system incorporates a process called ‘Competency Assessment’ and ‘Training and Developmental Needs’ wherein appraisers are specifically called upon to identify and assess training needs of employees at specific intervals that do not coincide with performance appraisals. good work awards. 3) Selecting job candidate – The process when the recruitment specialist and the manager select the best candidates to make the offer to them.

COUNSELING: Counseling services are provide to enhance employees competence & job satisfaction. The process identifies the necessity inputs aim at imparting technical/managerial knowledge. Ltd. AWARDS: Awards are instituted by the company in the recognition of outstanding work performance. useful suggestions for the improvements.general performance enhancement. to prepare them for future responsibilities. Samyu Glass Pvt. Management is competent in running business. to establish better working relationship & to cope up with personal problems. healthcare. retirement benefits. It has several schemes for general welfare of employees and their families. Functional training needs are identified and conducted by functional departments while corporate HR organizes competency and developmental inputs. and recreation facilities Employee Satisfaction: The salient points of the survey of employees are shared below: People are treated fairly regardless of religion and gender. Counseling is carried out by HRD appraisers & professional counselors. communication skills and career development. & contributions to technical/academic knowledge. Employees feel good about what Samyu Glass does for society. Management thinks positively. CARRER PLANING: This is ensuring that people of the right caliber are available to meet the present & future requirements of organization. is a safe place to work. loans and financial assistance. These cover education. Employee Welfare and Perquisites: Employee welfare receives prime attention at Samyu Glass. interpersonal skills & attitudes that will helping dealing with the 33 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

Recognize worthy contributions in time & appropriately so as to maintain a high level of employee’s motivation & morale. orientation & training. lateral mobility & self development through self motivation. Other factors to develop potential include activities such as exposure to new functional projects. It shall endeavor to uphold the dignity of individuals. Build teams & faster team work as the primary instrument in all activities. incentives & control. concerned HOD & unit chief shall implement the process. scientific & objective system of rewards. Succession planning & career planning shall be reviewed every 6 month in the company. HR departments shall Co-ordinate this activity. skills & attitudes. Appraisal & promotion shall be ethical & impartial. Groom every individual to realize his potential in all facts while contributing to attain higher organizational & personal goals. through the following measures:  Ensure a high degree of selectivity in recruitment of employees/trainees explicitly on Criteria of their knowledge. as to match the individual to the task & inculcate a high sense of organizational loyalty. so as to secure super achievers & nurture them to excel in there.   Implement equitable. by making feel proud partners in progress.external & internal environments. 34 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . identify the right incumbents with high potential for all positions. SUCCESSION PLANING: The manager in Samyu Glass organization will prepare a succession plan to all position under him with the guidance of Deputy managing. Contribute towards health & welfare of employees. Provides facilities for all round growth of the individual by training in & outside the organization.      Impact such induction.

2 MARKETING Marketing deals with identifying and meeting human and social needs. One of the shortest definitions of marketing are “meeting needs profitably”. communicating and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stake holders” 35 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION offers the formal definition of marketing “Marketing is an organizational function and a set of processes for creating.2-MARKETING DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MARKETING DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SALES & MARKETING MANAGER REGIONAL MANAGER FIELD MANAGERS REPRESENTATIVES Table-3.`3.

36 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Quality Brand Packing Legal Aspects. meeting and growing customers through creating.com/2011/the-4-ps-of-marketing-the-marketing-mix-strategies/ PRODUCT: The following features of the products are considered before releasing a product for sale. McCarthy classified these tools into 4 broad groups called 4 P’s of marketing: Table-3. Marketing mix Marketing mix is defined as the set of marketing tools the firm uses to pursue its marketing objectives. delivering and communicating superior customer value.MARKETING MANAGEMENT Marketing Management can be defined as the art and science of choosing target markets and getting.3 Source: http://business-fundas.

Sikim etc. Samyu Pvt. stockiest and retailers and sales force. which look after all the functions regarding advertising. and sometimes company sends their dealers and distributors on tour in Darjeeling. other incentives. which they create for sale.PRICE: The price is the simply amount a customer pays for the product. If the price outweighs the perceived benefits for an individual. the perceived value of the offering will be low and it will be unlikely to be adopted. gifts. PROMOTION: Promotion is a communication process for informing the customer and company about the product. Ltd. but if the benefits are perceived as greater than their costs. It covers also adoption of method for increasing sales by motivation of customers. Ltd. chances of trial and adoption of the product is much greater. Samyu glass uses different modes of media vehicle to reach the people such as: Magazines 37 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Adopts various types of sales promotion tools like discounts. Samyu Glass Pvt. Shiliguri. invites contract of advertisement to private agencies.

Machines working either single. The number of sections in a machine depends on the size of the orders expected.) machine produced first time in 1925 is now used all over the world as the most dominant machine for bottle and jar production. production department takes on a very decorative position in the entire array of company affairs. The production department is concerned with the planning and organization of the production system. triple or quadruple gobs are available throughout the world. During the initial years of production of this machine there were only four sections. and 10 sections operating double gobs are now available and in operation in India. INDIVIDUAL SECTION (I.3-PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING PRODUCTION MANAGER PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR WORKER Table-3. production planning and organization as well as overall capacity utilization.S. 8. there are number of individual sections. 38 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The largest machine has 12 sections. duel. Machines with 6.5 In Samyu Glass Private Limited.) MACHINE Individual Section (I.3.S. It is responsible with the overall situation of the plant And the machinery. In this machine.

Individual Section machine does not rotate. The moulds stay in the same position and just open and close. A transfer arm pivoted between a blank and blow mould transfers the parison from one mould to another.

MECHANISM
1. Shear Mechanism 2. Scoop Mechanism 3. Funnel Mechanism 4. Baffle Mechanism 5. Plunger Mechanism 6. Neckring Mechanism 7. Invert Mechanism 8. Blowhead Mechanism 9. Vertiflow Mechanism The Operation of making glasses: 1. Shear mechanism - shears the gob 2. Scoop mechanism - guides the gob 3. Mould opening & closed mechanism - Blank mould closed 4. Funnel mechanism – guides the gob in required shape 5. Baffle mechanism – ‘ON’ operation 6. Plunger mechanism – ‘ON’ 7. Counter blow operation 8. Settle blow operation 9. Neckring mechanism - Parison transfer to blow mould 10. Blow head mechanism - Final blow 11. Take-out mechanism – takes the bottle to the machine conveyor

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THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

SHEAR MECHANISM
The shear mechanism consists mainly of two sector gears, two arms and bracket. The shear blades are fixed on the shear arms. The function of the shear mechanism is to shear the gobs in proper shape and size for the container making process.

SCOOP MECHANISM
The scoop mechanism consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement. The purpose of scoop mechanism is to supply the gob to the different sections of the I.S. machine for glass formation.

FUNNEL MECHANISM
The funnel mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder. The arm is dipped in an oil well and the ‘OFF’ operation is spring controlled. The purpose of funnel mechanism is to hold the funnel arm and to guide the gob in the required shape to the blank mould.

Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 33% during downstroke and 35% during upstroke

         

Less mold equipment wear Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for funnel mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Integrated cushioning ring Permanent lubrication Precise mechanism movement

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THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

BAFFLE MECHANISM
A baffle mechanism consists of a long piston and rod and a cylinder. The twisting of the baffle of the baffle arm is achieved by a cam provided at the bottom of the cylinder. The function of the baffle mechanism is to hold the parison while giving counter blow and then to give the settle blow.
     

Faster Baffle operations Improved alignment between blank molds and baffles Less wear on mold equipment Improved motion and repeatability of baffle arm Prolonged service life of the baffle mechanism 60% less force on the baffle mechanism creates smoother baffle operation No baffle arm overlap into adjacent section in the "Off-Position"

    

Equal settle blow air pressure build-up in all cavities Quick-Change Baffle Head reduces job-change time Quick conversion capabilities (SG / DG / TG) Improved operating safety Compatibility with existing mold equipment

PLUNGER MECHANISM
The function of plunger mechanism is to provide the counter blow air for parison formation and to give the plunger ‘ON’ movement for the formation of the neck of the glass container. It consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement.
     

For Precision Parison Forming Quick Exchange for Different Processes Low Friction Design for Narrow Neck Press & Blow Precise Plunger Alignment Improved Plunger Cooling Improved Efficiency and Reduced Job-Change time

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THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

Cartridge valve       Predictable cooling helps produce more consistent container quality Reduced cooling time leads to potential for higher production speed Easier mold change helps reduce down time Fumes carried away thus providing better working environment No heat load on section helps increase mechanism life Conversion of VertiFlow Molds to use of existing mold stock BLOWHEAD MECHANISM The blow head mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder. The end operations are cushioned by two hydraulic cartridges.     50% higher cooling efficiency Easier handling at job change Rigid design Well proven damper cylinder INVERT MECHANISM The invert mechanism consists of a racked piston and a cylinder. The function of neckring mechanism is to hold the neckring and to transfer the ware than the blank mould to the blow mould. which are air operated. The cam is immersed in an oil well. 42 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The cam and cam roller movement determines the swing of the arm. The function of invert mechanism is to rotate the neckring mechanism for parison transfer.NECKRING MECHANISM The neckring mechanism consists of a splined shaft and two cylinders. The function of the blow head mechanism is to provide the final blow air for the complete formation of the bottle in the blow mould cavity.

limestone. Gob Distribution At the end of the furnace. The gob distributor then routes the gobs into blank moulds at the I. Plungers intercept the stream of molten glass from the forehearth and cuts gobs individually by mechanical shears. Furnace Control systems monitors and controls firing temperature. 43 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Molten glass is conditioned in the forehearth and its temperature gradient is equalized to ensure uniform temperature homogeneity. machine.Blow head arms  Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 37% during down stroke and 24% during upstroke          Less wear on blow head arms and blow heads Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for blow head mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Optimized upstroke piston rod cushioning Integrated air and lubrication piping VERTIFLOW MECHANISM The vertiflow mechanism consists of an air chamber and a damper. The Production Process Glass Melting The furnace melts cullet (crushed. The function of the vertiflow mechanism is to provide the cooling air for the cooling of the blow moulds in an I. soda ash.300 and 2. the glass stream is distributed to different forehearth for the respective production line.800° F. Molten glass usually ranges in temperature between 2.S. and other raw materials together. recycled glass). which is air operated. sand.S Machine.

Typical faults flagged up in this process include small cracks in the glass called checks. Rejected containers are recycled back into the furnace. is applied via a water based emulsion. foreign inclusions called stones. electronic. where compressed air and vacuum are applied. 44 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . bubbles in the glass. called blisters and thin glass.Container Forming Gobs of glass are delivered to blank moulds to form a parison. stretching & cooling the parison to exact inner cavity profile of the mould. Glass is heated to the annealing point and then slowly cooled to room temperature. This makes the glass slippery. Flavored Alcoholic Beverages and soft drinks can be made from concentrate or from a recipe. Annealing Lehr The glass containers are then submitted through a special type of oven called a Lehr designed specifically for annealing glass. Bottle Filling A completely hygienic process throughout all the pipe works and valves are stainless steel the only flexi hoses on the site are between tanker and intake bay. protecting it from scratching and stopping containers from sticking together when they are moved on a conveyor. The ring finish and internal bore are created. Cold End Inspection All containers are monitored regularly throughout the production process and the end product is subject to exhaustive computer. Cold End Coating After annealing. The resultant invisible combined coating gives a virtually unscratchable surface to the glass. laser. It is then transferred to molded side. a layer of polyethylene wax. This process relieves the internal stresses. Product can be processed at sales gravity or high gravity product then diluted and carbonated. forming the final shape of the container. making the glass much more durable. mechanical and manual checks to ensure it passes the most stringent health and safety standard requirements.

Participation in design review when necessary. Palleting & Wrapping Glass containers are staked automatically on pallets and separated by cardboard into rows before going undergoing the shrink wrapping process. Handling. 45 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Roles of Production department in Samyu Glass Pvt. All pallets remain in storage until distribution to the customer or directed to the in-house filling lines. Warehousing The Pallets of Container Glass move along a railing system into the automated warehouse. This involves a hood type film being placed over the pallet before being heated until the pallet contents are in a compact unit ensuring minimal movement of the product in transit. Implementation of storing/handling instruments.Packaging Depending on Customer requirements the final product can be packed in a multitude of ways. Storing & preservation of materials & products. Ltd. Quality assurance department will be provided information by production department for traceability of products. All individually racked. Cases ranging from 4 to 30 bottles. Identification of resource requirement and provision of adequate resource. packaging integrity is maintained. neck though packs and tray and shrink wrapping are all options that are available. To monitor and ensure safety precautions are adhered to during production activities.       Creating awareness among department personnel. Monitor and review of manufacturing activities with the shop supervisors to achieve targets. Responsibilities of Productions Department Heads:    To schedule the production program to achieve the set targets.

To study and improve the stator pressing process in co-ordination with shop supervisors and engineering department. Interacting with customers and updating the production status.       To co-operate with engineering department for any design modification or rework activities during production. if R&D is late in developing a new product the loss in income to the company may be severe. To identify the requirements of production resources tools and fixture for effective production shop floor. To ensure optimum work in progress in the shop floor with the co-ordination from the procurement team. The relationship between R&D and Production is also very important. Motivate the workers. If this occurs it may not be possible to meet production targets for extended periods. 46 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

47 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . apart from the primary objective of enhancing long-term shareholder value. and all these processes require funds. which relates to management of cash and credit. Financial management is the administrative function. The central feature of the financial department is the formulation of the firm’s strategy in determining the most effective use of funds and selecting the most favorable sources of additional funds that the firm would require in future.” goes the saying and obviously financial management is the one of the four important areas of the management. organizes and manages various factors of production. therefore. the firm purchases. To reach this objective.4-FINANCE DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING FINANCE MANAGER ACCOUNTANT OPERATIONAL PERSONS Table-3. and then produces the output to sell. said to be the circulatory system of the economic body of the firm. The major objective of any business firm is to make profit for its proprietor. Finance is.9 “Money makes many things happen.3.

In accounting. merchandise. report the facts to management and make recommendations concerning future operations. inventories of raw materials.Function of Financial Management: The function and responsibility of the finance and account wings include the following:       Analyze the financial results of all operation. working capital is the difference between the inflow and outflow of funds (net cash inflow). Planning and forecasting Coordinating of other deportment Source: http://www.com WORKING CAPITAL: Working capital is that position of the assets of a business which are used in or related to current operations and represented at any one time by operating cycle of such items as against receivables. Working Capital Management involves both setting working capital policy and carrying out that policy in day to day operations. The goal of working capital management is to manage the firm’s current assets and liabilities in such a way that a satisfactory level of working capital is maintained. 48 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . stores.managementstudyguide. WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT: Working Capital Management is concerned to manage the current assets. Develop the best plans to obtain the external funds needed Determine the financial resource required to meet the corporation operating and capital expenditure program. Establish and maintain a system of financial control governing the allocation and use of the funds. work in progress and finished goods. the current liabilities and interrelationship that exist between them. notes or bills receivables and cash.

MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT INVESTMENT DECISIONS: Investment decisions refer to selection of various assets on which funds are invested. It involves the study of internal and external sources of financing. It covers both Debt (External) and Equity (Internal) sources of financing. FINANCING DECISIONS: Financing decisions also called as Capital Structure decisions are concerned with selection of various sources of financing and their appropriate mix. It is the process of establishing long term quality goals &defining the approach to meet these goals SOURCES OF SHORT TERM FINANCING Credit SOURCES OF LONG TERM FINANCING 49 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . STRATEGY: The company follows the long term & short term strategy for all departments. In short it is concerned with asset mix decision. it is concerned with allocation or deployment of funds among various short term and long term assets.

V. Company is also getting income from interest through Bank Deposit.The company is maintaining centralized cash system. printing and stationary expenses. II. company hire Purchase system for purchasing material. Operation and maintenance. re-appropriations. ANDHRA BANK. Legal and professional charges. Ltd. audit fees. But factory units are maintaining small petty cash transaction. is as Follows:          Preparation of budget. machineries and equipment.  Administration of Taxes i. vehicles. surrenders a savings. The functions relating to its entire obligation like salary to employee’s payment of rent. vehicle etc. BANK OF INDIA. purchase Tax. III. STATE BANK OF INDIA. AXIS BANK. The company maintaining banking account in different branches: I. VI. getting the Discounting allowed by the supplier and takes the advantage of cash advance being received by the customers. bank charges and other interest.e. interest on working capital loan. IV. Sales Tax. Income Tax etc 50 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . All the cash and bank transaction disbursement made through corporate office. The function relating to purchases include making payment to supplier. SYNDICATE BANK. charges like payment of Interest on loan. UCO BANK Major function of finance department at Samyu Glass Pvt. appropriation of accounts. monthly once petty cash transactions reconcile with main accounts.

51 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . organizing. controlling the flow of materials from their initial Purchase through internal operation to the service point distribution. MATERIAL MANAGEMENT is a specific scientific technique concerned with planning.6 It is concerned with planning. Organizing. controlling flow of materials from their initial purchase to destination.5 MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING MATERIAL DEPARTMENT MANAGER FACTORY MANAGER STORE SUPERVISOR Table-3.3.

The materials accounted in receiving stores and bills are prepared thus the receiving stores prepared report. and often inventory adjustments. receiving errors. Materials Department have striven to determine how to manage these issues in the business sectors of Manufacturing 52 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . OUT” (FIFO) the nursing materials are kept for six months in two stores deportment. A separate place is available to keep the rejected materials to be returned back to that particular supplier or sub contractor.To exercise purchase budget control based on the material requirement: on the purchase requirement of MMD. The major issues that all materials departments face is incorrect bills of materials. receipt and issue can be done adequately. material preservation Stocking. premium freight. shipping errors. unreported Scrap. Challenges for Material Management Department: The major challenge that materials departments face is maintaining a consistent flow of materials for production. housekeeping so that the material handling. schedules at an Economic cost. There are many factors that inhibit the accuracy of inventory which results in production shortages. Sub-contracts. System and Advance Adopted In Material Department: The stores are concerned with receipt issue and storage of materials at the store deportment Receives a copy of the production order from production control department these are maintained in chronological sequence for guide reference. and production reporting errors. inaccurate cycle counts.

Ltd. Head Technician. PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE. Waste disposal. Maintenance Department at Samyu Glass follows preventive. worked under the control of Mr. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE. organizing and directing the resources in Order to control the availability and performance of the industrial plants to some specified level. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE. In Samyu Glass daily. and this department is concerned with maintaining the healthy condition of the Machines and equipment of the company for regular operations. PLANNED MAINTENANCE. MAINTENANCE TYPE BREAK DOWN OR CORRECTIVE MAINTENACE. Prudhvi. MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: Maintenance department in Samyu Glass Pvt.MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT Maintenance management is concerned with planning. monthly maintenance activities are carried on. 53 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . predictive such as flux meter (measuring of Light). sound meter etc as well as some times break down maintenance too. temperature. weekly.

Using modern computer-monitoring equipment. raw mix Viscosity. Ltd. LTD. all stages of the cement manufacturing process and capacity modifications are supervised by the Plant laboratory . QUALITY POLICY OF SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: The Plant laboratory is certified by the State Professional Inspection Agency. cement silos. physical and mechanical testing of glass. Laboratory is fully equipped with German technology of the highest standards. have been purchased from state-registered companies. All the necessary supplies. Samyu Glass is one such industry whose priority is not to be number one in quantity but in quality and reliability Samyu glass Pvt. There are very skilled & smart employees who actively take part in Quality improvement. cement crushers. product testing and efficiency evaluation. tries to see that the quality of a product is ensured by the total Investment of all workers. Practical operation and management of the laboratory. INTRODUCTION: Quality is the fitness to end use.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PVT. It is all pervasive.3. Product samples are taken by professional researchers who update the daily report book in order to monitor the quality of the output and the efficiency of the operation. MNS ISO/IEC 17025) quality control system.such as the strength and quality of the limestone and flashy used. limestone silos. It is fully equipped and capable of all chemical. such as chemicals and measuring equipment. The factory functions in compliance with ISO 9000 (MNS ISO 9001:2000. 54 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . In this modern & competitive world each & every company is training hard to introduce quality products. The Plant laboratory technician is responsible for the implementation of quality standards.

8 Input from Quality Control Data Gathering Problem Trend Analysis Process Identification Process Analysis 55 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .7 Problem Identification Problem Analysis Problem correction Feedback to Quality Assurance TYPICAL QUALITY ASSURANCE STEPS: Table-3.TYPICAL QUALITY CONTROL STEPS: Table-3.

To approve specifications. 56 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . To ensure that the required initial and continuing training of his department personnel is Carried out and adapted according to need.RESPONSIBILITY OF QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT: To evaluate batch records. To check the maintenance of the department. sampling instructions. To ensure that all necessary testing is carried out. premises and equipment. test methods and other Quality Control Procedure. To ensure that the appropriate validations are done.

weak opportunities may appear to balance strong threats. Such as: Etc SWOT analysis is just one method of categorization and has its own weaknesses. 57 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Examples include: non-profit organizations. For example. Such as: Opportunity & Threat are the external to the organization & can exist or develop in the Following areas. The usefulness of SWOT analysis is not limited to profit-seeking organizations. Strength & Weakness are essentially internal to the organization and relate to the organization And relate to the matter concerning resources. and individuals. A SWOT item that generates no strategies is not Important. for example. The importance of SWOT is revealed By the value of the strategies it generates. and organization in key areas. programs. SWOT analysis may also be used in creating a recommendation during a viability study survey. governmental units. it May tend to persuade companies to compile lists rather than think about what is actually Important in achieving objectives.SWOT Analysis of SAMYU GLASS PVT LIMITED SWOT Analysis explores the relationship between the environmental influences and the strategic Capabilities of an organization compared to its competitors. SWOT analysis may also be used in pre-crisis planning and preventive crisis management. It also presents the resulting lists uncritically and without clear Prioritization so that. SWOT analysis May be used in any decision-making situation when a desired end-state (objective) has been Defined.

Thus. • Shortage of electricity • Low labor productivity. • Safety and environmental factors are also important factors. OPPORTUNITIES • Changing customer preferences.STRENGTHS • Availability of raw materials • Ever increasing market demand. • Glassware serves as best option for packaging industry. food etc. demanding and well integrated with global trends. the main fuel for heating the furnace • Cartelization of the three major companies supplying soda ash. especially for food products due to inert properties of glass. thus leading costs escalations. • Low price Chinese products available in India are causing production of some products like chandeliers unviable. • Higher taxes as compared. • Lack of financial support for working capital requirements. this segment is highly competitive. • Better quality products being manufactured as compared to competitors • Latest technologies being used • Labor Intensive • Glassware industry is driven by user segment manufacturing chemicals. • Huge potential in the domestic market especially for kitchenware as the lifestyles are becoming more modern • Scope of growth in exports due to better quality being offered by domestic manufacturers and reputation of the firms THREATS • Cost incompetitiveness • Shortage of natural gas i. • Decades of experience with many of the existing firms WEAKNESSES • Energy cost includes power consumption and running cost of furnaces. 58 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .e.

In train period modern and attractive style and systems are needed “In training and Development”. it should be borne in mind that training in the above should be made available from the competent professionals. India has well and valuable resource .SUGGESTIONS In the light of the major findings observed above. Samyu glass has to make proper utilization of the same.e. the following suggestions have been made for improving the quality of training practices at Samyu glass and for excelling the performance of the operating staff of cement industry in general and Samyu’s in particular: 1. role play. 3. meditation. Conducting Behavioral Safety Training programmes for workers at plant. 59 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . the authorities concerned should make efforts to include relaxation techniques as yoga. audio/video tapes. etc. 2. Samyu glass Pvt. pranayama. To combat stress at the workplace. it should be backed up by improved methods like demonstration. limited has to adopt new methods and strategies in its manufacturing and marketing area & it will make some profit in short while. To make the current training method (i. 7. However. etc 5. As the training programmers inspire creativity/innovation there should be at least one training programs in a year for all groups of employees. simulation. Most of the employees do not get the opportunity to attend training from the external agencies hence efforts should be made to include such employees. Safety Observation Tours (SOT) conducted ones in a sixth month by all line managers. 4. in the regular training programs. lecture) a grand success. 6. 8.

Limited huge profit & transform the position of Samyu Glass in a top level in Packaging and Glass industry. The understanding of each and every department gives the practical experience about all the theoretical aspects that are studied. It also helped me in experiencing the practicality of the theoretical knowledge that is a part of our curriculum. and where this is example like induction program which is created positive impression.Conclusion: The organization study is really helps to get a clear idea about functions of the organizations. I hope this occasion will make Samyu Glass Pvt. The organizational study of Samyu has helped me to get the deep insight of all the functional departments and their unique role in fulfilling the organizational goals. Limited has huge opportunities in future. Even the organization to function well requires the support of so many hands. Samyu Glass Pvt. 60 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Over all study of the organization helps in knowing the interrelation between the entire department and their role in helping the organization to attain its goals. So. Now day’s construction and Infrastructure industries are booming in our country.

61 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

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