Glass industry in India

Glass industry in India is poised to grow rapidly owing to its extensive use in the numerous sectors. The market is driven by increasing disposable income and willingness to spend on better living standards due to rising aesthetic sense among consumers as well as glass being the preferred medium of packaging. The total glass industry is worth INR 180 bn in 2010

The unique attributes of glass like its optical properties, chemical durability, and recyclability account for a range of glass products making it an integral part of the social existence. It is being used for innumerable consumer products ranging from tableware to automotive glass, for lighting and construction, and most importantly as packaging material food and beverages, cosmetics, and chemicals. The ever increasing demand for container glass for both conventional as well as new and specialty products as a result of pioneering researches ensure the continued success of global container glass market. The global market for container glass is projected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 7.9% for the period spanning 2011-2013.

Glass as a packaging material is being increasingly preferred by consumers inclined towards a healthy and sustainable lifestyle. At the same time, the industry is also encouraging the use of glass packaging due to features of better shelf life, design possibilities and recyclability. The factors driving the global container glass market include mainly the growth in beverage, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. However, the development of plastic and PET containers has provided a packaging alternative thus creating a challenge for the global container glass market. The global container glass industry is dominated by Europe and the US, where the container glass category accounts for a sizeable amount of the overall glass market revenues. Both the US and European regions reported an increase in container glass revenues in 2010, in response to improving economic conditions, and rising consumer awareness about the benefits of using glass packaging. In addition, continuous efforts on the part of the governments to promote recycling of glass containers will lead to an unprecedented growth in


the container glass market. In the recent years, the emerging nations in the field of container glass category, like India and other developing countries, have acquired a dominant position posing as potential threat and as well as opportunity for the existing markets.

The current landscape of the global container glass market is intensely competitive with numerous large and regional players operating in the market, competing on the basis of price, quality, and other marketing attributes. The leading players in the global container glass industry include Saint-Gobain, Owens-Illinois, and Vetropack, among others.

We have predicted the future growth of the global glass container market by combining SPSS Inc.’s data integration and analysis capabilities with our relevant findings. We employed various significant variables that have an impact on this industry and created regression models with SPSS to determine the future direction of the industry. Overall, the glass container market in India has been growing at a healthy rate of over 10 per cent, with F&B segment contributing handsomely due to prospering FMCG sector. Food packaging is witnessing healthy volume growth due to the arrival of organized retail market. This has led to high competition in the packaging segment, and consequently has resulted in a number of innovations in the sector. The adoption of Narrow Neck Press & Blow (NNPB) technology in the production of glass containers has brought a revolution in the Indian glass packaging industry. It has resulted in decreasing the weight of the glass containers by 25-30 per cent. This technology also offers benefits such as better control over glass distribution and increased productivity, thus making glass packaging more cost-effective and convenient for the consumers. All major industries create wealth but if there is one industry that plays a unique role by way of both creation of wealth through a wide range of manufacturing activities and also by way of preserving the wealth or value created by many, many other industries, it is packaging. Apart from the huge value addition and employment involved in these activities, packaging has served the Indian economy by helping preservation of the quality and lengthening the shelf life of innumerable products – ranging from milk and biscuits, to drugs and medicines, processed and semi-processed foods, fruits and vegetables, edible oils, electronic goods etc., besides domestic appliances and industrial machinery and other hardware needing



transportation. With water becoming a consumer product, polymer material-based bottles are becoming a universal presence. Packaging, as distinct from mere “packing”, plays it’s most visible and catalytic role in a modern economy with the widespread adoption of branding of products and development of consumer preferences. To the extent that any consumer product is packaged in a manner that meets the criteria of safety, convenience and attractiveness, it gains market share. In the aggregate, packaging as a sect oral activity boosts consumption and economic growth. Heightened competition in all product sectors within the country as also the increasing need to look for export markets have contributed to the rising demand for appropriate, and at the same time cost-effective, packaging material and technologies. The packaging industry’s growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health (in the case of packaged foods and medicines) and environment friendliness of packing material. The demands on the packaging industry are challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The World Packaging Organizations (WPO) slogan, “Better Quality of Life through Better Packaging”, sumps up the important place that packaging occupies in a modern economy. To ensure that public appreciation of this role and the policy-makers’ support to the industry are not diluted, attention should be paid to basic issues like collection, segregation and reuse of synthetic packaging material and observation of regulatory requirements.



and chemical reaction. metal cans. More so. the Indian fascination for rigid packaging remains intact. However. heat. HOPE. heat retention. Flexible packaging finds varied use because of its ability to provide strength. printability and low odor. convenience in handling the product and the cost benefits it provides are added advantages. Flexible packaging has gained vast acceptability because of the protection it offers to the product against environmental threats like moisture. with the expanding middle class and rising income levels. moisture resistance. This is expected to stimulate greater consumption of branded products and increase the use of rigid and flexible packaging. This growth rate is expected to double in the next two years. grease resistance. which is the most commonly used substrate in flexible packaging. The remaining 20% comprises flexible packaging. Flexible packaging contains multi-layered laminated sheets of single or a combination of substrates such as plastic. the increased interaction with the developed world will considerably influence the aesthetic and quality norms of the Indian consumer and lead to better consumption standards. Rigid packaging constitutes glass bottles. Concurrently. These issues act as a major impediment in flexible packaging becoming an all-pervasive medium. It is estimated that more than 80% of the total packaging in India constitutes rigid packaging. on the other hand is environment friendly and also enjoy the advantages of easy handling and efficient 4 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Nonetheless. battery cell cans. aerosol cans. salability.a. barrels made from HOPE. However. paperboards. aluminum collapsible tubes. injection molded plastic containers made of PVC. plastic.Indian Packaging Industry Market: The Indian packaging industry itself is growing at 14-15% annually. These figures indicate towards a change in the industrial and consumer set up. Indian Packaging industry is USD 14 billion and growing at more than 15% p. the patterns of consumption are bound to change substantially and the demand for quality and convenience-based products will increase. a corrugated boxes. gloss. which is the oldest and the most conventional form of packaging. aroma retention. paper or aluminum. is facing pressure because of issues of environmental protection and safe disposal. PET. Paper and paperboard.

while a wide range is manufactured in India.5mn tones by 2010. Paper is the fastest growing substrate segment with a growth rate of 6-7%. Indian packaging machinery exports are rapidly growing. Currently. Moreover. the industry imports machinery. flexible packaging mandates additional capital requirements and technical know-how for efficient manufacturing operations. liberalization and organized retail sector are the catalysts to growth in packaging. India is ranked 15th in the world for its paper and paperboard consumption and is expected to improve its rank in the future. especially at the high end. 5 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . total paper consumption is expected to reach 9. The large growing middle class. 95% of which are in the small and medium sector located all over India. Food and Pharma packaging are the key driving segments. Laminated products including form-fill-seal pouches. The total demand for paper currently is estimated to be around 6 mn tones.process implementation. There are about 600-700 packaging machinery manufacturers. If the demand for paper continues to grow at the same rate. India’s imports at 20 & 25% of its total packing machinery import indicate further opportunities for Italian companies to explore. attractiveness of paper and paperboard consumption remains. of which about 40% is consumed by the packaging industry. India's per capita packaging consumption is less than USD 15 against worldwide average of nearly USD 100.          Indian packaging machinery imports are USD 125 million. Korea and China. Germany and Italy are the latest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan. laminated tubes and tetra packs are growing at around 30% p.a. The import (customs) duty for packaging machinery is 25. On the packaging machinery side.58% for 2007-08. Germany and Italy are the largest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan and China. Although substrates like plastic have gained vast acceptability.

Use of corrugated for display/promotional packs. 6 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . flexi printing will facilitate in-house flexi printing and do away with screen printing. POPs and dispensers. contract printing on offset presses. More and more in-line automatic plants are being set up.000 corrugated boards and sheet plants are highly labor-intensive. Rotary Die cutters will be on the increase.Some important Packaging sub-sectors: Corrugated Packaging & Situation in India: A flourishing organized retail have raised the expectations that consumption of corrugated packaging will begin to expand again as the number and volume of goods packaged in corrugated increases. Deployment of Folder Gluers. as corrugated box makers gear up to meet the new demands for high precision boxes with attractive graphics and large integrated production capacities. Advances in multicolor. Prices of corrugated sheet and converted boxes have remained low due to the overcapacity. The industry is converting about 2 million tons of Kraft paper into corrugated boxes. Besides. Factories are spread out in all parts of India. manual operations and low productivity. transport constraints and high freight costs have meant that small to medium sized corrugated box plants are located near the customers. The over 4. employing over half a million people – both directly and indirectly. This present scenario is already being challenged by the sweeping changes that are beginning to take shape. even in the remote industrially backward areas. MNCs are demanding corrugated boxes of international standards and the pattern of buying the packaging is changing. Inline Automatic Board and Box making plants will ease out the present semi automatic production processes.

paper.Pharmaceutical Packaging & Situation in India Pharmaceutical packaging occupies a considerable portion of the overall drugs and pharmaceutical market in India and is growing steadily with the same pace of the industry. etc. while at same time jumping off the shelf. Other backward linkages of packaging including printing labeling and binding /adhesive tapes etc. the packaging industry in India is considered a sunrise industry and its linkages are extensive and highly employment creating. bulk packs. It is important that the packaging let you having a truthful and instant appreciation of the product inside. storage. Growth will follow upward trends in global medication consumption. injectibles. Pharmaceutical packaging consists of various types of glass. you actually take a decision on which product to buy when we are in the supermarket before the shelves. Pharmaceuticals will assume an expanding role in worldwide health care delivery based on new product introductions and economical advantages over other forms of patient treatment. it involves manufacture (and sometimes import) of a wide range of packing material . As most of the consumers. speaking to you. which will expand at a strong pace as aging demographic patterns lead to an increasing number of diseases and disorders. strip and blister packs. cardboard. providing instant convincing information about the quality of the product. Historically. 7 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . On one side. Today. a range of polymer products including rigid and flexible packaging material. ampoules. the assurance of product dispensing accuracy and the promotion of patient compliance with product dosage schedules. distribution and labeling of pharmaceuticals will boost global growth opportunities for packaging products and accessories. paperboard. pharmaceutical packaging requirements focused exclusively on preserving the quality of enclosed medication. These requirements are now being extended to cover such criteria as the prevention of product tampering and counterfeiting. pet bottles. aluminum foil. The packaging has therefore the prime tasks to be appealing. while being functional and reliable. Of course machinery for making / processing these products and for packing / packaging is another segment closely linked to this industry. The Indian pharmaceutical packaging industry is witnessing a spurt in growth. Besides upward trends in medication consumption. tin an good old wood and steel. the adoption of stricter regulations and standards governing the production.

microwavable containers. You can easily sense the elegance and the beauty of a bottle of Champaign. No other packaging material matches the shelf impact of glass. Packaging therefore contributes to food safety. This containment function of packaging makes a huge contribution to protecting the environment. the package must contain the product. Convenience: Packaging plays an important role in allowing products to respond to the demands and needs of modern consumers. Packaging is designed to ensure that the product reaches the consumer in good condition. The information provided on packaging allows the consumer to make informed decisions on the product’s purchase and use. The product is protected during transport and distribution. foamed plastic or wrappings.Unlike other materials. 4. vapor. of a wine glass or flacon of perfume. To function successfully. sheets of corrugated paperboard. This may be achieved by forms of cushioning such as shredded papers. wine 8 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Protection and Preservation: Packaging plays a vital role in protecting products as they go from the manufacturer to the consumer. 2. Containment: Most products must be contained before they can be moved from one place to another. Packaging technology has made major contributions to advancing food science and food safety and reduction of food spoilage. drying atmospheres). Modern methods of consumer marketing would fail were it not for the messages communicated on the package. Faulty packaging (or under packaging) can lead to spillages a result in major losses and serious damage. from climatic effects (heat and cold. Packaging industry serves the following purposes in India: 1. glass adds a touch of class to the products contained inside while guaranteeing the highest level of protection and longer shelf life. quality and nutrition. The clarity. Communication: ‘A package must protect what it sells and sell what it protects’. moisture. and feel of glass containers contribute to the premium image of products ranging from fine perfumes to liquor to gourmet foods and beverages. Frozen food packs. Supplementary Product Protection: Packaging can also provide supplementary product protection. shape. from infestation. from hazardous substances and contaminants. 3. 5.

or laboratories. greater brand awareness and convenience. Environmental Aspects: Packaging reduces the amount of waste going to landfill. These types of packaging reflect the demand for convenience and quick food preparation in a way that guarantees freshness. remain at the processing point where they can be economically recovered and used in the manufacture of valuable byproducts. In the administration of drugs. Medical packaging also reduces the risk of accidental overdose or improper use by children (child resistant closures). in small containers allows sealed. Reduction of Pilferage: Packaging of a wide variety of products sold from self-service counters is designed to reduce stealing. Light weight medical devices are packaged in peel-open. Without the benefit of packaging to preserve food. easy-open beverage and food cans and aseptic cartons are good examples of convenience packaging. a higher proportion of food would become spoiled and consequently consigned to garbage collection for land disposal. Other examples of security packages are lock-on caps and tamperproof closures. sales appeal and quality of retail packaging. patient’s rooms. The continuously changing demands of consumers will require higher quality graphics and promotional links between graphics and advertising to support brand identities. The large card makes the package more difficult to conceal and steal. Marketing Trends: Marketing trends are placing increasing emphasis on the look. The product may be sold in a blister package sealed to a large paperboard backing.cardboard casks. unused drugs to be returned to stock. plus the ability to reflect current consumer trends and images. 6. the unwanted portions such as skins. 7. When the food is packaged. 9 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . outer leaves and trimmings. pre-sterilized containers designed for easy use in operating rooms. Packaging helps sell products by providing product differentiation and presentation. unit-dose packaging. solid and liquid. 8.

rural India is also slowly changing into more of an urban society. The liberalization of the Indian economy. purchasing power capacity of Indian consumers is lower. with more and more products becoming affordable to a larger section of the population. Indian Economy Experiencing Good Growth Prospects The Indian economy is growing at a promising rate. As consumerism is rising. affordable packages. with growth of outputs in agriculture. Apart from the normal products packed in flexible packaging. has improved the quality of all types of primary and secondary packaging. coupled with globalization and the influx of the multi-nationals. branded products rather than the loose and unpackaged formats. there is a growing trend towards well packed. 4. Overall economic growth has proved to be beneficial for the consumer goods market. 10 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Urbanization Modern technology is now an integral part of nation's society today with high-end package usage increasing rapidly. 2. Another typical example of such applications is tobacco and betel nut-based intoxicants and mouth fresheners catering to unique Indian taste. and fairness creams in laminated pouches are highly innovative and are not used elsewhere.Factors Affecting Growth of Packaging Industry in India 1. toothpowder. the use of flexible in India includes some novel applications not usually seen in the developed world. 3. Products like toothpaste. the consumer goods come in small. Low Purchasing Power resulting in Purchase of Small Packets India being a growing country. industry and tertiary sectors. Also industrialization and expected emergence of the organized retail industry is fuelling the growth of packaging industry. Increasing Health Consciousness As people are becoming more health conscious. Today even a common man is conscious about the food intake he consumes in day-to-day life.

and noodles being launched in India. soups. whereby manufacturers are introducing low-priced goods in smaller pack sizes. Personal health consciousness amongst Indians: With growing awareness towards contagious diseases like AIDS and other STDs. Changing Food Habits amongst Indians Changing lifestyles and lesser time to spend in kitchens are resulting in more incidence of eating away from homes resulting in explosive growth of restaurants and fast food outlets all over the country. Low priced sachets have proved to be extremely popular in smaller towns and villages. fuelling the growth of packaging industry in India. awareness towards usage of contraceptives and disposables syringes have increased the demand for packaging required for the same. Rural Marketing Pushing Demand for Sachets India comprises of a big rural market and there has been growing focus on rural marketing. 6. Indians are trying out newer cuisines and also purchasing similar food items for their homes. the review period has seen new products like pasta. Therefore. where people do not prefer to buy larger packs due to financial constraints.5. 11 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 7.

changing lifestyle. Glass the fact that glass containers are chemically inert and pure. Gold Plus (which recently announced setting up a float line). green. cans. rising cosmetic sales.Global Glass Market The global market for glass packaging is thriving on the back of the increasing consumer demand for pure. and Gulati glass are some of the glass processors in the region. and thus safer to be used. increasing per capita is also driving for the growth of the industry and as well as the country wealth increases. corrode. stain or fade. Its key property of being chemically inert and transparent makes glass the most suitable medium of packaging of liquor. The national capital has some of the biggest and most reputable glass processors in the country. glass containers do not need a petroleumbased plastic layer or other chemical additive to preserve the taste of foods and beverages. Unlike plastic. pharmaceutical/life saving drugs and food items. and multi layered cartons. so products inside glass container remain as fresh and pure as they were bottled. the perception of glass containers as having a high quality or premium image compared to plastic and metal containers facilitates growth. In addition to the above benefits of glass. GSC Glass. Major Centers The Indian glass processing industry is clustered in six geographical locations that fall near the six industries or metropolitan cities. Can you believe a state having a population of 230 million (yes that's million) does not have a single processing unit? The processing clusters are located in and around the following cities :New Delhi. Further. and sustainable food and beverage packaging. Glass does not deteriorate. their popularity and demand is notably high among consumers. and all are located in a belt of 100 12 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . It is very interesting to note that there are certain areas as big as Italy where you won't find a single glass processing unit. Mico Glass. factors like increasing demand from emerging markets of India and China. Recyclable is another major advantage of glass which makes a preferred choice for packaging. These areas are dependent on the glass processors in the six clusters to cater to their processed glass plants. avoid corrosion or decrease gas permeability.

Overnight. Hyderabad and Bangalore. The regulatory framework of building codes for safety and energy also needs to keep pace with industry growth and new glass uses. Fragmented nature of the industry. Almost no effort has been put into customer service. It may seem strange that 13 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . new structures are rising. Looking at this one would guess that this is the region where every glass processor would want to be. in fact. or systematically developing markets. Perhaps. The remaining clusters are in and around the cities of Chennai. GSC glass could be termed the most advanced and largest glass processor in the country. The processing industry in this region is benefiting from the boom in construction activities that has been going on for quite some time. Most customers have the perception that glass is something that is transparent and very fragile. One prime reason these clusters formed in these particular regions is the spate of construction that has been happening in these cities over the last five years. Consumers are not aware of the availability of various types of glass and what benefits each one gives. GSC and Gold Plus glass stand out among the processors in the capital region. whole sellers. the most important reason for low volume of value added glasses can be attributed to consumers. so what is the reason that a value-added glass industry in the country is not booming? Low demand drivers Consumer awareness. has some of the very best names in the processing industry. and all other participants are short-term driven. Because of the fragmented nature of the industry. It is no secret that the glass processing industry in India is much disorganized. glass processors. and in the eastern coast of the country in Kolkata. Incidentally GSC was the first glass processor in the country when it started to process glass in 1994. reducing costs. The glass industry is also weighed down by the spiraling cost of manufacturing. Energy costs are in the capital region. In case value-added glass has to make inroads in India at a scale and pace comparison to European countries. The country's financial capital. As glass has gained increased popularity in the last fifteen years. most consumers in India are not aware of type of value-added glass and their respective advantages. then prices will have to come down and in a hurry. spiraling Costs. glaziers. you will see how the skyline is changing. Lack of knowledge among architects.Mumbai. as it is dubbed. Fishta Glass. as are those of raw materials and infrastructure. Other than these two major industry clusters. If you travel to any of these cities today. and you will see endless facades of glass also rising. Sejal Glass. and Viral Glass are a few of the outstanding names in the region.

A drive to adopt a ruling similar to that of Germany's for use of low E glass in windows can drive demand for value added glass in India. Low penetration in the residential sector. Value-added glass is finding application in only a minuscule number of residential units. and many turn to glass processors to suggest a type of glass for a particular application. but it has yet to see the light of the day. are not using much of thee products. but residential buildings. Price sensitivity of Indian consumers. those who use are still learning about applications and benefits of various types of glass. Despite robust economic growth during the last decade. There was an initiative by one of the state governments to make the use of tempered glass mandatory in commercial buildings. An overriding theme for glass packaging is that of reduced growth opportunities in mature regions and mature product categories. Latin America and Middle East and Africa regions. 14 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . which are a major source of demand for these glass types. are pivotal in supporting current and forecast global volume sales growth for glass. There are no government guidelines for the use of any particular type of glass. meanwhile. Fast-developing economies in Asia Pacific. Lack of codes. a subsequent rise in consumption of packaged food and beverages drives growth of glass. Because glass is a relatively new product in building applications. Use of value-added glass has gained popularity in commercial buildings to a large extent. As disposable incomes increases amongst these dynamic economies and the retail infrastructure continues to develop. Another dire problem facing the valueadded glass industry is back of any codes for the products. consumers would rather opt for the basic glass type.many architects are not aware of the type of value-added glass available. With a price differential between basic flat glass and valueadded glass. Indian consumers and the Indian market are very price sensitive.

Beverage can advances in beer and more niche packaging developments exist to challenge the dominance of glass in wine. Harshest impact on glass is seen in carbonates and bottled water sales. In developed regions. suited to the on-the-go lifestyle. lightweight PET. most apparent in North America. The growing consumer trend towards eating and entertaining at home. In particular.Different types of containers: The influence of competing pack formats impacts glass share as dynamic packaging performer. The global glass stronghold of spirits is additionally seeing pack substitution in favor of PET amongst more economy lines. This cocooning trend is producing retail growth for glass in its key alcoholic drinks categories of beer. branded products is a further driver for forecast glass growth. wine and spirits. dressings and condiments. positive growth for glass is further observed in sauces. itself being furthered by tightened consumer spending in the weaker economic climate is promoting greater packaging growth in the off-trade channel as against weaker on-trade performance. table sauces. 15 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . offers consumers a conveniently lightweight pack. pickled products and pasta/wet/cooking sauces respond to a widening consumer interest in other world cuisines whilst Asia Pacific's rise in purchases of packaged.

Ltd. Pharmaceuticals. Outstanding product quality. South India. we would like to spread our business establishments and services across the world. and to be a pioneering leader in the manufacturing of glass products in the global market. This company was cradled by the most arduous and sincere entrepreneurs in the country. Within a short time of operations the Company has built up an excellent reputation for quality and caters to a large and demanding customer base with a product range covering Flint. economy of the state and the presence of a diligent group of individuals eager to attain growth and success. Its willingness to take on challenges and see them through is their hallmark. Ltd. a leader in product innovation. and we constantly strive to meet this challenge. Ltd. They cater to the package needs of hot/ cold food processing. The Company has an installed capacity of producing 200 MT per day of Glass and has state of the art equipments designed to produce Glass containers in 100 ml – 1000ml range.. In the next 5 years. was established in the year 2009 and is dedicated to the manufacture of high quality glass containers.  Samyu Glass Pvt. and sticks to the basic values and principles that were the pillars on which this company was initially incorporated upon. benefited with the support of ever increasing demand for glass containers. has designed and manufactured a wide array of products for many of the world’s most recognized brands.. Vision At Samyu Glass Pvt. The manufacturing facilities are among the best and state of the art to achieve high levels of productivity and quality. and in close proximity to the raw-material resources. dedicated customer service and the creation of innovative new products have always been central to our business.Introduction  Samyu Glass Pvt. we have a clear vision of what we would like to accomplish. The factory is located in Andhra Pradesh. Amber and Green glass. in different shapes and in Flint. We aspire to be a globally respected corporation that provides best business products and services. major ports and our customers. Amber and Green containers. 16 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. cosmetics and other industries.

Ltd. We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. communities and environment in which we work. Constantly identifying new opportunities. We must have the courage to shape a better future for the society at large. and always work for the benefit of the communities we serve. security to our employees. We must bring prosperity to our investors. Everything we do must stand the test of public scrutiny. show respect. These principals are an integral part of us and the manner in which we conduct our business: · Leadership: We must strive to set standards in our business and transactions and be an exemplar for the industry and ourselves. and productivity excellence to our customers and business partners. We must continue to be responsible. · Excellence: We must constantly strive to achieve the highest possible standards in our dayto-day work and in the quality of the goods and services we provide. with honesty and transparency. looking out for new challenges and this must become our way of life. These principals continue to direct the growth and business of our company. Primary Competitive Advantages     No of Staff Year of Establishment Product Range    Transparent dealings Utmost client satisfaction Ability to deliver bulk order Stringent quality check 700 2009 Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle 17 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . sensitive to the laws. has always been a principal-driven company.Basic Principals Samyu Glass Pvt. · Responsibility: We must conduct our business fairly. · Reliability: We must be caring. We must be committed to growth and diversification. We must surpass customer expectations consistently. compassion and humanity for our colleagues and customers around the world.

includes designers. Incepted in the year 2009. 320ml. The products are made using quality raw material that is procured from renowned vendors of the market. we. Pharmaceuticals. quality analysts. Our range is widely used into various industries such as Hot/Cold Beverages. With their expert guidance. we have carved a niche for ourselves as one of the prominent manufacturers. They are highly experienced with complete knowledge of the processes involved in product manufacturing and their applications. Beverage Glass Bottle. Product Portfolio We are engaged in manufacturing. managers. which are well-tested by our experts. we design and produce various others glass products according to the latest market trends and specifications given by the clients. 500ml. Our spectrum of products includes:    Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle These products are available in various volumes such as 720ml. trading and supplying a wide range of glass products. 180ml. has captured a huge market share. and more. administrator staff. we plan to expand our export base and become leader in the domain of glass bottles manufacturing.An Overview With an exclusive range of glass products. Our proficient team. Samyu Glass Private Limited. exporters. Cosmetics and Food processing. importers and traders of a wide range of glass bottles. etc. 200ml. 18 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . exporting. importing. suppliers. The products we manufacture are Alcohol Glass Bottle. packaging inspectors. plays a crucial role in the marketplace. etc. sales and marketing personnel. Juice Glass Bottle. In the near future.

and other products. Every unit has been provided with adequate resources and upgraded technology to produce a comprehensive range of glass products. why we are preferred over our competitors are listed below:         Easy payment modes Utmost customer satisfaction Safe and durable products Use of innovative technology Optimum quality of products Versatile infrastructure set up Efficient and experienced personnel Timely delivery of the consignment. 19 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . we have a quality control wing. Hence. juice glass bottle. etc.gradation of our facilities allows us to attain timely accomplishment of the targets. Our infrastructure spreads over a vast expanse of land that allows our professionals to work in close proximity.Assured Quality Since our foundation. warehousing. the end products are checked on numerous parameters. Some of the numerous reasons.state-of-the-art infrastructure that is outfitted with necessary machines and equipment for carrying out smooth production process within committed time frame. some of which are as follows:      Design Size Durability Accuracy Finishing Sophisticated Infrastructure We have the. supreme quality has always been primary objective of our organization. Our facilities are divided into various departments such as processing unit. dispatching. quality testing unit. Time to time up. We are committed to use best quality material in the manufacturing of alcohol glass bottle. Our Forte We enjoy immense popularity and recognition in the domestic as well as international markets and are known for our flawless products. which is managed by a team of experts who supervise all the production processes and ensure that products go without defect. Also.

cosmetics and art and incorporates best practices into its packaging solutions. The center's solutions cover a wide gamut of packaging materials and components. food. The design center continuously tracks the latest trends in fashion. The Corporate Design Center also has a center of innovation and development. offering marketing support in the form of point of sale design. our solutions are fresh. and is equipped with an in-house prototype and model making workshop. Samyu Glass is committed to delivering innovative and creative packaging solutions to customers. exhibition design etc 20 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Products: Industry served    Juice and mineral water Industry Pharmaceutical Industry Perfumery industry Design Studio As a global leader in the design and manufacture of glass. graphic design. beverages. cosmetics. The Samyu Glass Corporate Design Center is a state-of-the-art facility and offers a complete range of design solutions to customers in categories as diverse as perfumes. The center has cutting-edge infrastructure and is peopled with experienced professionals. and pharmaceuticals. wine. creative and contemporary. It offers 3-D industrial design. skin care. perfumery. The Corporate Design Center is a product of this commitment. As a result. merchandising designs.

Development of Human resources through systematic Employee’s Involvement. 3. does hot end sampling for dimensional checks. Motivation and Training. Quality inspection involves five levels of checks. VERITAS and VISIGLAS. Hot-end ware rejection is an automatic process to ensure quality of the bottles after bottle swabbing. where they are gradually heated and cooled to de-stress. the bottles are put into an annealing chamber. 4. with the quality control checker. Quality Assurance Quality Checks: At Samyu Glass. Cost reduction through judicious use of available resources in all Business processes. 2. Delivery and cost. This shall be achieved by 1. we are carrying out a Business Process Excellence initiative. To ensure consistency and quality. At the corporate level. These machines check for body defects. M-Cal. Tuning of our business practices through feedback from our customers and suppliers. The bottles then pass through a series of automatic and camera inspection checks by equipment like M. foreign matter etc. too. Level 1 happens at the IS machine. 21 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . neck finish.Continual improvement of our Technology and skills to meet and exceed customer’s statutory quality requirements. the line operator. a Six Sigma initiative is being rolled out at both the Indian plants. immediately after the bottle is formed.Quality Policy To Gain the confidence and respect of our customers in the field of Glass container manufacturing by providing quality products that meet and exceed Customer expectations in terms of Quality. Here. Next. bubbles. quality is of paramount importance.

We plan to add new colors in the coming year also. 22 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Prices of colored figured are also up. It is expected that they shall continue in this trend for this calendar year. We plan to introduce some new designs in the coming year.The bottles are finally automatically shrink-wrapped. but since colored figured demand is only 2025% of total demand and 3-4 plants at a time make colored figured. green. This is other than grey that we usually make. blue. In colored figured. we have made 3 new colors this year that were not made for many years coolex. Our present production quality is also acceptable in the market and we are getting the benefits of increased prices. Prices are also looking up. and a sample of the packed bottles is put through a QA process to check for defects. Our colored figured plant needs cold repairs. bringing down cost of production per unit. there is a strain on orders. thereby. Highlights of Samyu Glass Pvt Ltd:          State of art equipment Global network base Cost effective quality products Experienced executive teams Leader in Product Innovation Proximity to raw materials /major ports Stringent quality control policies On time services Dedicated work force OUTLOOK The demand for clear figured glass is very good. We are gradually increasing our production and. The container used for transport is fumigated and also checked for cleanliness and hygiene prior to stuffing. We have to start preparations for the same and have to order out refractoriness that has a lead time of 8-9 months.

85 Lakhs against net profit of Rs. 3886. 23 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 401 lakhs only.98 lakhs compared to Rs. After providing for interest and depreciation amounting to Rs.Internal control system and their adequacy The Company has adequate system of internal controls to ensure proper safeguarding of the assets. with an installed capacity of 1. 3635. 364.77 lakhs of previous year. These include:     Strong manufacturing presence Wide sales and distribution spread Significant cost advantages Decoration services and accessories Strong Manufacturing Presence Samyu Glass is one of the largest manufacturers of flacconage glass for the pharmaceuticals and perfumery businesses today. the net loss comes to Rs.46lakhs & Rs. 1618. balance is provision made for severance and full and final settlement of Allahabad Plant workers and other write-offs of not recoverable debts. 893. The loss from operations is Rs.133.47 lakhs in the previous year.115 tons per day. and is among the top five manufacturers of perfumery bottles in the world. Samyu Glass has invested more than $110 million in creation of significant new capacity. We also manufacture glass bottles for specialty food and beverages. and sales of more than $200 million worldwide. The Company has appointed external firms of Chartered Accountants as internal Auditors.97 lakhs. Samyu Glass offers several competitive advantages over other suppliers of flacconage. Financial performance During the year the turnover amounted to Rs.

local communities and the under privileged. Corporate Social Responsibility As a citizen of corporate India. Two properties of design: 1. Programs cover: Education   Funding computers at a local school Improving infrastructure of the school Community Development   Making drinking water more accessible for local communities by building tanks Building roads to make local villages more accessible.having importance or meaning 2.Sales & Distribution Spread Samyu Glass has a large geographic footprint. And. Utility . Samyu Glass takes its corporate social responsibility seriously. with a sales and distribution presence in most major markets across the globe. Our significant marketing presence in Europe. creative labeling. Research Design Innovations Glass can be molded into an infinite number of shapes and sizes for consumer appeal and form and functionality. We have a variety of programs designed to help employees. Significance . USA and South America enables us to build more intimate relationships with customers.quality of being useful 24 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . programs for senior citizens. and respond to their needs quickly and efficiently. embossing and other decorative treatments can also enhance customer appeal. etc.

. Organization design is a formal guided process for integrating the people. Within the hierarchy rules. and procedures are uniformly and impersonally applied to exert control over member behaviors. school. People who perform similar tasks are clustered together. concise statement of purpose and vision and from the organization basic philosophy 25 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM: Western organizations have been heavily influenced by the command and control structure of ancient military organizations. the design is approved as an internal change under the guidance of an external facilitator. It is what comes immediately to mind when we discover that . or departments) in which people perform specialized functions such as manufacturing. Through the design process. The facilitator assures that a systematic process is followed and encourages creative thinking. predictable. information and technology of an organization. Manager and members work together to define the needs of the organization then create system to meet those needs most effectively.. Activity is organized within sub-units (bureaus. and by the turn of the century introduction of Scientific THE DESIGN PROCESS: Organization design begins with the creation of a strategy.we really have to get organized.ORGANISATION STRUCTURE: Most organizations today are designed as a bureaucracy in whom authority and responsibility are arranged in a hierarchy. organization act to improve the probability that the collective effort of members will be successful.a set of decision guidelines by which members will choose appropriate actions. The strategy is derived from clear. or accounting. church. or fraternity. business. be it a government. It is used to match the form of the organization as closely as possible to the purposes the organization seeks to achieve. It is familiar. and rational. policies. sales. The same basic organizational form is assumed to be appropriate for any organization. Typically.



and consistent manner.Departmentalization by function organizes by the functions to be performed. IT.Grouping activities by functions performed. Human resources have at least two related interpretations depending on context. firing. and other personnel issues. and processes for creating. manufacturing. clients. The more common usage within corporations and businesses refers to the individuals within the firm. The functions reflect the nature of the business. It is the responsibility of human resource managers to conduct these activities in an effective. The objective of human resources is to maximize the return on investment from the organization's human capital and minimize financial risk. marketing and engineering. finance. This article addresses both definitions. fair. legal. Functional departmentalization can be used in all types of organizations. Employee Relations and resource planning. Functional departmentalization . communicating. The advantage of this type of grouping is obtaining efficiencies from consolidating similar specialties and people with common skills. and exchanging offerings that have value for customers. set of institutions. 28 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Human Resource Department: Human resources are a term with which many organizations describe the combination of traditionally administrative personnel functions with performance. delivering. and society at large. where it was traditionally called labor. as in shopping. knowledge and orientations together in common units. Marketing Department: Marketing is defined by the American Marketing Association as the activity. one of four factors of production. training. partners. or going to a market to sell goods or services. and to the portion of the firm's organization that deals with hiring. The term developed from the original meaning which referred literally to going to market. Activities can be grouped according to function (work being done) to pursue economies of scale by placing employees with shared skills and knowledge into departments for example human resources. The field draws upon concepts developed in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. The original usage derives from political economy and economics.

In a manufacturing company the production function may be split into five sub functions: 1. classifying. 2. He or she must make sure that work is carried out smoothly. The design and technical support department. of financial character. Accounting has been defined by the AICPA as “The art of recording. and reporting of the value of assets.Production Department: Production is the functional area responsible for turning inputs into finished outputs through a series of production processes.syfes. and must supervise procedures for making work more efficient and more enjoyable. 4. organizations. 5. The purchasing accounting is the system of recording. The stores department." Source: http://www.html 29 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . tax authorities and other decision makers to make resource allocation decisions between and within companies. transactions and events which are. and summarizing in a significant manner and in terms of money. Such financial information is primarily used by lenders. 3. verifying. income. Finance Department: Finance. liabilities. managers. and expenses in the books of account (ledger) to which debit and credit entries (recognizing transactions) are chronologically posted to record changes in value (see bookkeeping). and public agencies. in part at least. The production and planning department. investors. The works department. The Production Manager is responsible for making sure that raw materials are provided and made into finished goods effectively. and interpreting the results thereof.

therefore. Unfortunately. larger volumes of production and greater emphasis on specialization lay stress on cutting down the costs of production.1-HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT STRUCTURE OF HR DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SENIOR MANAGER (HR) ASSISTANT MANAGER (HR) FACTORY MANAGER Table-3.1 Today we are living in competitive world. the development of people has been a neglected phenomenon in the past and therefore. ignored by most of the organizations. But it is not true. complexities of modern organizations as apparent from changing technology. improving the quality of product or service. These organizations tended to view people as mere instruments for accomplishing organizational goals and. 30 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . increasing size of business. felt that they need to be administered or managed. enhancing market share and maintaining effective and efficient leadership. Every human being has the ability and potential to do remarkable things if they are provided with opportunities and climate to understand. So every sector role is vital.3. develop and utilize his or her potentials. At the same way in the organization human resource role is very central. In fact.

and final selection. 31 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . All decisions of the Recruitment Committee are recorded in respect of each candidate.Recruitment: Recruitment in Samyu Glass is a very fair and transparent process with adequate opportunities to look for suitable candidates internally as well as from outside. preliminary short-listing. A committee of officers handles the entire recruitment process comprising screening of applications. Applicants are generally invited on the basis of specific advertisements in newspapers. Recruitment process steps Source: http://hrmadvice.

The manager and the recruitment specialist define the profile of the position and the profile of the suitable candidate. This is so that training needs can be assessed objectively. and appreciation. Competency and development training inputs include skill and 32 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . These incentives include: performance linked incentives. nomination to external training programmers in India and abroad. Performance Management: The Company’s performance management system is in itself a benchmark that provides ample opportunities and motivational incentives to employees so as to reward and retain good talent within the Company. which can be expected to select from. promotions. The recruitment specialist has to be prepared for detailed discussions to have a good definition of the ideal job candidate. The recruitment specialist summarizes the requests of the manager and the wish told by the job candidate and tries to convert the job candidate into a new hire for the organization. Training is imparted to take care of an individual’s career development as well as functional and skill enhancement. good work awards. 3) Selecting job candidate – The process when the recruitment specialist and the manager select the best candidates to make the offer to them. This part of the recruitment process decides about the speed of the whole process. 4) Making an offer – The nicest part of the recruitment and selection process. public felicitation. special increments. This part is usually the process step with the biggest risk of the delay in the recruitment process. 2) Selecting recruitment source – The recruitment specialist has to decide about the correct recruitment channels to be used and the amount of job resumes.Overview of the recruitment process steps: 1) Job Position Opening – The most important process step for the successful recruitment and selection of the good candidate. Some plants have Best Employee and Employee of the Month awards Training and Development: SAMYU Glass’s new performance management system incorporates a process called ‘Competency Assessment’ and ‘Training and Developmental Needs’ wherein appraisers are specifically called upon to identify and assess training needs of employees at specific intervals that do not coincide with performance appraisals. letters of appreciation.

useful suggestions for the improvements. to prepare them for future responsibilities. healthcare. Management is competent in running business. Counseling is carried out by HRD appraisers & professional counselors. and recreation facilities Employee Satisfaction: The salient points of the survey of employees are shared below: People are treated fairly regardless of religion and gender. is a safe place to work. retirement benefits. It has several schemes for general welfare of employees and their families. loans and financial assistance. Ltd. Management thinks positively. & contributions to technical/academic knowledge. to establish better working relationship & to cope up with personal problems. The process identifies the necessity inputs aim at imparting technical/managerial knowledge. Employee Welfare and Perquisites: Employee welfare receives prime attention at Samyu Glass. interpersonal skills & attitudes that will helping dealing with the 33 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Employees feel good about what Samyu Glass does for society. COUNSELING: Counseling services are provide to enhance employees competence & job satisfaction.general performance enhancement. CARRER PLANING: This is ensuring that people of the right caliber are available to meet the present & future requirements of organization. These cover education. communication skills and career development. Functional training needs are identified and conducted by functional departments while corporate HR organizes competency and developmental inputs. AWARDS: Awards are instituted by the company in the recognition of outstanding work performance. Samyu Glass Pvt.

concerned HOD & unit chief shall implement the process. 34 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .      Impact such induction.external & internal environments. Contribute towards health & welfare of employees. Recognize worthy contributions in time & appropriately so as to maintain a high level of employee’s motivation & morale. as to match the individual to the task & inculcate a high sense of organizational loyalty. by making feel proud partners in progress. Build teams & faster team work as the primary instrument in all activities. orientation & training. scientific & objective system of rewards. HR departments shall Co-ordinate this activity. Other factors to develop potential include activities such as exposure to new functional projects. Succession planning & career planning shall be reviewed every 6 month in the company. Appraisal & promotion shall be ethical & impartial. skills & attitudes. Provides facilities for all round growth of the individual by training in & outside the organization. Groom every individual to realize his potential in all facts while contributing to attain higher organizational & personal goals. through the following measures:  Ensure a high degree of selectivity in recruitment of employees/trainees explicitly on Criteria of their knowledge. incentives & control. identify the right incumbents with high potential for all positions.   Implement equitable. so as to secure super achievers & nurture them to excel in there. lateral mobility & self development through self motivation. SUCCESSION PLANING: The manager in Samyu Glass organization will prepare a succession plan to all position under him with the guidance of Deputy managing. It shall endeavor to uphold the dignity of individuals.

`3. AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION offers the formal definition of marketing “Marketing is an organizational function and a set of processes for creating. communicating and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stake holders” 35 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .2 MARKETING Marketing deals with identifying and meeting human and social needs.2-MARKETING DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MARKETING DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SALES & MARKETING MANAGER REGIONAL MANAGER FIELD MANAGERS REPRESENTATIVES Table-3. One of the shortest definitions of marketing are “meeting needs profitably”.

3 Source: http://business-fundas. meeting and growing customers through creating. delivering and communicating superior customer value. 36 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . McCarthy classified these tools into 4 broad groups called 4 P’s of marketing: PRODUCT: The following features of the products are considered before releasing a product for sale. Marketing mix Marketing mix is defined as the set of marketing tools the firm uses to pursue its marketing objectives.MARKETING MANAGEMENT Marketing Management can be defined as the art and science of choosing target markets and getting. Quality Brand Packing Legal Aspects.

Ltd. Sikim etc. Samyu glass uses different modes of media vehicle to reach the people such as: Magazines 37 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .PRICE: The price is the simply amount a customer pays for the product. It covers also adoption of method for increasing sales by motivation of customers. If the price outweighs the perceived benefits for an individual. stockiest and retailers and sales force. Adopts various types of sales promotion tools like discounts. and sometimes company sends their dealers and distributors on tour in Darjeeling. which look after all the functions regarding advertising. but if the benefits are perceived as greater than their costs. Samyu Glass Pvt. the perceived value of the offering will be low and it will be unlikely to be adopted. Ltd. other incentives. gifts. chances of trial and adoption of the product is much greater. which they create for sale. invites contract of advertisement to private agencies. PROMOTION: Promotion is a communication process for informing the customer and company about the product. Shiliguri. Samyu Pvt.

8.) machine produced first time in 1925 is now used all over the world as the most dominant machine for bottle and jar production. In this machine.5 In Samyu Glass Private Limited. there are number of individual sections. triple or quadruple gobs are available throughout the world. Machines working either single. INDIVIDUAL SECTION (I. The number of sections in a machine depends on the size of the orders expected.) MACHINE Individual Section (I. It is responsible with the overall situation of the plant And the machinery. Machines with 6. production planning and organization as well as overall capacity utilization.3. and 10 sections operating double gobs are now available and in operation in India.S. duel. 38 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The production department is concerned with the planning and organization of the production system. The largest machine has 12 sections.3-PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING PRODUCTION MANAGER PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR WORKER Table-3. During the initial years of production of this machine there were only four sections. production department takes on a very decorative position in the entire array of company affairs.S.

Individual Section machine does not rotate. The moulds stay in the same position and just open and close. A transfer arm pivoted between a blank and blow mould transfers the parison from one mould to another.

1. Shear Mechanism 2. Scoop Mechanism 3. Funnel Mechanism 4. Baffle Mechanism 5. Plunger Mechanism 6. Neckring Mechanism 7. Invert Mechanism 8. Blowhead Mechanism 9. Vertiflow Mechanism The Operation of making glasses: 1. Shear mechanism - shears the gob 2. Scoop mechanism - guides the gob 3. Mould opening & closed mechanism - Blank mould closed 4. Funnel mechanism – guides the gob in required shape 5. Baffle mechanism – ‘ON’ operation 6. Plunger mechanism – ‘ON’ 7. Counter blow operation 8. Settle blow operation 9. Neckring mechanism - Parison transfer to blow mould 10. Blow head mechanism - Final blow 11. Take-out mechanism – takes the bottle to the machine conveyor



The shear mechanism consists mainly of two sector gears, two arms and bracket. The shear blades are fixed on the shear arms. The function of the shear mechanism is to shear the gobs in proper shape and size for the container making process.

The scoop mechanism consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement. The purpose of scoop mechanism is to supply the gob to the different sections of the I.S. machine for glass formation.

The funnel mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder. The arm is dipped in an oil well and the ‘OFF’ operation is spring controlled. The purpose of funnel mechanism is to hold the funnel arm and to guide the gob in the required shape to the blank mould.

Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 33% during downstroke and 35% during upstroke

         

Less mold equipment wear Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for funnel mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Integrated cushioning ring Permanent lubrication Precise mechanism movement



A baffle mechanism consists of a long piston and rod and a cylinder. The twisting of the baffle of the baffle arm is achieved by a cam provided at the bottom of the cylinder. The function of the baffle mechanism is to hold the parison while giving counter blow and then to give the settle blow.
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Faster Baffle operations Improved alignment between blank molds and baffles Less wear on mold equipment Improved motion and repeatability of baffle arm Prolonged service life of the baffle mechanism 60% less force on the baffle mechanism creates smoother baffle operation No baffle arm overlap into adjacent section in the "Off-Position"

    

Equal settle blow air pressure build-up in all cavities Quick-Change Baffle Head reduces job-change time Quick conversion capabilities (SG / DG / TG) Improved operating safety Compatibility with existing mold equipment

The function of plunger mechanism is to provide the counter blow air for parison formation and to give the plunger ‘ON’ movement for the formation of the neck of the glass container. It consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement.
     

For Precision Parison Forming Quick Exchange for Different Processes Low Friction Design for Narrow Neck Press & Blow Precise Plunger Alignment Improved Plunger Cooling Improved Efficiency and Reduced Job-Change time



The function of neckring mechanism is to hold the neckring and to transfer the ware than the blank mould to the blow mould.     50% higher cooling efficiency Easier handling at job change Rigid design Well proven damper cylinder INVERT MECHANISM The invert mechanism consists of a racked piston and a cylinder. The function of invert mechanism is to rotate the neckring mechanism for parison transfer. 42 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The function of the blow head mechanism is to provide the final blow air for the complete formation of the bottle in the blow mould cavity. The end operations are cushioned by two hydraulic cartridges. The cam and cam roller movement determines the swing of the arm.NECKRING MECHANISM The neckring mechanism consists of a splined shaft and two cylinders. which are air operated. Cartridge valve       Predictable cooling helps produce more consistent container quality Reduced cooling time leads to potential for higher production speed Easier mold change helps reduce down time Fumes carried away thus providing better working environment No heat load on section helps increase mechanism life Conversion of VertiFlow Molds to use of existing mold stock BLOWHEAD MECHANISM The blow head mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder. The cam is immersed in an oil well.

The gob distributor then routes the gobs into blank moulds at the I. Gob Distribution At the end of the furnace.S Machine. The function of the vertiflow mechanism is to provide the cooling air for the cooling of the blow moulds in an I. Molten glass usually ranges in temperature between 2. sand. Furnace Control systems monitors and controls firing temperature. soda ash.S. Molten glass is conditioned in the forehearth and its temperature gradient is equalized to ensure uniform temperature homogeneity. the glass stream is distributed to different forehearth for the respective production line. and other raw materials together.800° F. 43 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . machine. limestone.300 and 2. The Production Process Glass Melting The furnace melts cullet (crushed.Blow head arms  Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 37% during down stroke and 24% during upstroke          Less wear on blow head arms and blow heads Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for blow head mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Optimized upstroke piston rod cushioning Integrated air and lubrication piping VERTIFLOW MECHANISM The vertiflow mechanism consists of an air chamber and a damper. Plungers intercept the stream of molten glass from the forehearth and cuts gobs individually by mechanical shears. recycled glass). which is air operated.

forming the final shape of the container. electronic. stretching & cooling the parison to exact inner cavity profile of the mould. Typical faults flagged up in this process include small cracks in the glass called checks. mechanical and manual checks to ensure it passes the most stringent health and safety standard requirements.Container Forming Gobs of glass are delivered to blank moulds to form a parison. is applied via a water based emulsion. The ring finish and internal bore are created. Flavored Alcoholic Beverages and soft drinks can be made from concentrate or from a recipe. called blisters and thin glass. Cold End Inspection All containers are monitored regularly throughout the production process and the end product is subject to exhaustive computer. bubbles in the glass. protecting it from scratching and stopping containers from sticking together when they are moved on a conveyor. laser. Rejected containers are recycled back into the furnace. The resultant invisible combined coating gives a virtually unscratchable surface to the glass. Glass is heated to the annealing point and then slowly cooled to room temperature. This makes the glass slippery. Bottle Filling A completely hygienic process throughout all the pipe works and valves are stainless steel the only flexi hoses on the site are between tanker and intake bay. making the glass much more durable. Product can be processed at sales gravity or high gravity product then diluted and carbonated. This process relieves the internal stresses. a layer of polyethylene wax. foreign inclusions called stones. It is then transferred to molded side. Cold End Coating After annealing. Annealing Lehr The glass containers are then submitted through a special type of oven called a Lehr designed specifically for annealing glass. 44 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . where compressed air and vacuum are applied.

All individually racked. neck though packs and tray and shrink wrapping are all options that are available. To monitor and ensure safety precautions are adhered to during production activities. Warehousing The Pallets of Container Glass move along a railing system into the automated warehouse. All pallets remain in storage until distribution to the customer or directed to the in-house filling lines. Handling. Cases ranging from 4 to 30 bottles. Ltd. Responsibilities of Productions Department Heads:    To schedule the production program to achieve the set targets.       Creating awareness among department personnel. Palleting & Wrapping Glass containers are staked automatically on pallets and separated by cardboard into rows before going undergoing the shrink wrapping process. 45 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Identification of resource requirement and provision of adequate resource. Roles of Production department in Samyu Glass Pvt. Storing & preservation of materials & products. Implementation of storing/handling instruments. This involves a hood type film being placed over the pallet before being heated until the pallet contents are in a compact unit ensuring minimal movement of the product in transit.Packaging Depending on Customer requirements the final product can be packed in a multitude of ways. Quality assurance department will be provided information by production department for traceability of products. packaging integrity is maintained. Monitor and review of manufacturing activities with the shop supervisors to achieve targets. Participation in design review when necessary.

Motivate the workers. Interacting with customers and updating the production status. if R&D is late in developing a new product the loss in income to the company may be severe. The relationship between R&D and Production is also very important. To ensure optimum work in progress in the shop floor with the co-ordination from the procurement team. If this occurs it may not be possible to meet production targets for extended periods. To identify the requirements of production resources tools and fixture for effective production shop floor. To study and improve the stator pressing process in co-ordination with shop supervisors and engineering department. 46 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .       To co-operate with engineering department for any design modification or rework activities during production.

organizes and manages various factors of production.3. Finance is. and all these processes require funds. the firm purchases. apart from the primary objective of enhancing long-term shareholder value. said to be the circulatory system of the economic body of the firm. The central feature of the financial department is the formulation of the firm’s strategy in determining the most effective use of funds and selecting the most favorable sources of additional funds that the firm would require in future.9 “Money makes many things happen. 47 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The major objective of any business firm is to make profit for its proprietor. and then produces the output to sell.” goes the saying and obviously financial management is the one of the four important areas of the management. Financial management is the administrative function. therefore. To reach this objective.4-FINANCE DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING FINANCE MANAGER ACCOUNTANT OPERATIONAL PERSONS Table-3. which relates to management of cash and credit.

Develop the best plans to obtain the external funds needed Determine the financial resource required to meet the corporation operating and capital expenditure program.managementstudyguide. Working Capital Management involves both setting working capital policy and carrying out that policy in day to day operations. working capital is the difference between the inflow and outflow of funds (net cash inflow). Establish and maintain a system of financial control governing the allocation and use of the funds.Function of Financial Management: The function and responsibility of the finance and account wings include the following:       Analyze the financial results of all operation. inventories of raw materials. WORKING CAPITAL: Working capital is that position of the assets of a business which are used in or related to current operations and represented at any one time by operating cycle of such items as against receivables. WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT: Working Capital Management is concerned to manage the current assets. 48 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The goal of working capital management is to manage the firm’s current assets and liabilities in such a way that a satisfactory level of working capital is maintained. notes or bills receivables and cash. stores. report the facts to management and make recommendations concerning future operations. work in progress and finished goods. the current liabilities and interrelationship that exist between them. In accounting. Planning and forecasting Coordinating of other deportment Source: http://www.

STRATEGY: The company follows the long term & short term strategy for all departments.MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT INVESTMENT DECISIONS: Investment decisions refer to selection of various assets on which funds are invested. FINANCING DECISIONS: Financing decisions also called as Capital Structure decisions are concerned with selection of various sources of financing and their appropriate mix. It covers both Debt (External) and Equity (Internal) sources of financing. it is concerned with allocation or deployment of funds among various short term and long term assets. In short it is concerned with asset mix decision. It is the process of establishing long term quality goals &defining the approach to meet these goals SOURCES OF SHORT TERM FINANCING Credit SOURCES OF LONG TERM FINANCING 49 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . It involves the study of internal and external sources of financing.

VI. audit fees. purchase Tax. bank charges and other interest. machineries and equipment. III. BANK OF INDIA. The company maintaining banking account in different branches: I. AXIS BANK. All the cash and bank transaction disbursement made through corporate office. STATE BANK OF INDIA. Income Tax etc 50 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . monthly once petty cash transactions reconcile with main accounts. printing and stationary expenses. IV. Company is also getting income from interest through Bank Deposit. But factory units are maintaining small petty cash transaction. V. charges like payment of Interest on loan. company hire Purchase system for purchasing material. is as Follows:          Preparation of budget.  Administration of Taxes i. Ltd. appropriation of accounts. UCO BANK Major function of finance department at Samyu Glass Pvt. Sales Tax. vehicle etc. vehicles. Legal and professional charges.e.The company is maintaining centralized cash system. The functions relating to its entire obligation like salary to employee’s payment of rent. SYNDICATE BANK. Operation and maintenance. II. interest on working capital loan. ANDHRA BANK. re-appropriations. The function relating to purchases include making payment to supplier. getting the Discounting allowed by the supplier and takes the advantage of cash advance being received by the customers. surrenders a savings.

Organizing. controlling the flow of materials from their initial Purchase through internal operation to the service point distribution. MATERIAL MANAGEMENT is a specific scientific technique concerned with planning. controlling flow of materials from their initial purchase to destination.5 MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING MATERIAL DEPARTMENT MANAGER FACTORY MANAGER STORE SUPERVISOR Table-3. organizing.6 It is concerned with planning.3. 51 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

schedules at an Economic cost. unreported Scrap. Sub-contracts. A separate place is available to keep the rejected materials to be returned back to that particular supplier or sub contractor. and production reporting errors. housekeeping so that the material handling. OUT” (FIFO) the nursing materials are kept for six months in two stores deportment. receipt and issue can be done adequately. material preservation Stocking. receiving errors. premium freight. System and Advance Adopted In Material Department: The stores are concerned with receipt issue and storage of materials at the store deportment Receives a copy of the production order from production control department these are maintained in chronological sequence for guide reference. The materials accounted in receiving stores and bills are prepared thus the receiving stores prepared report.To exercise purchase budget control based on the material requirement: on the purchase requirement of MMD. and often inventory adjustments. The major issues that all materials departments face is incorrect bills of materials. inaccurate cycle counts. shipping errors. Materials Department have striven to determine how to manage these issues in the business sectors of Manufacturing 52 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Challenges for Material Management Department: The major challenge that materials departments face is maintaining a consistent flow of materials for production. There are many factors that inhibit the accuracy of inventory which results in production shortages.

ROUTINE MAINTENANCE. predictive such as flux meter (measuring of Light). Head Technician. PLANNED MAINTENANCE. Waste disposal. MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: Maintenance department in Samyu Glass Pvt. 53 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . sound meter etc as well as some times break down maintenance too. organizing and directing the resources in Order to control the availability and performance of the industrial plants to some specified level. In Samyu Glass daily. PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE.MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT Maintenance management is concerned with planning. and this department is concerned with maintaining the healthy condition of the Machines and equipment of the company for regular operations. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE. weekly. monthly maintenance activities are carried on. Prudhvi. worked under the control of Mr. temperature. MAINTENANCE TYPE BREAK DOWN OR CORRECTIVE MAINTENACE. Ltd. Maintenance Department at Samyu Glass follows preventive.

It is fully equipped and capable of all chemical. tries to see that the quality of a product is ensured by the total Investment of all workers. 54 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Practical operation and management of the laboratory. have been purchased from state-registered companies. There are very skilled & smart employees who actively take part in Quality improvement. cement silos. such as chemicals and measuring equipment. All the necessary supplies. In this modern & competitive world each & every company is training hard to introduce quality products. INTRODUCTION: Quality is the fitness to end use.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PVT. product testing and efficiency evaluation. Laboratory is fully equipped with German technology of the highest standards. MNS ISO/IEC 17025) quality control system. raw mix Viscosity. Product samples are taken by professional researchers who update the daily report book in order to monitor the quality of the output and the efficiency of the operation. LTD. Ltd. QUALITY POLICY OF SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: The Plant laboratory is certified by the State Professional Inspection Agency. all stages of the cement manufacturing process and capacity modifications are supervised by the Plant laboratory . Using modern computer-monitoring equipment. limestone silos.such as the strength and quality of the limestone and flashy used. The factory functions in compliance with ISO 9000 (MNS ISO 9001:2000. cement crushers. It is all pervasive. physical and mechanical testing of glass.3. Samyu Glass is one such industry whose priority is not to be number one in quantity but in quality and reliability Samyu glass Pvt. The Plant laboratory technician is responsible for the implementation of quality standards.

8 Input from Quality Control Data Gathering Problem Trend Analysis Process Identification Process Analysis 55 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .TYPICAL QUALITY CONTROL STEPS: Table-3.7 Problem Identification Problem Analysis Problem correction Feedback to Quality Assurance TYPICAL QUALITY ASSURANCE STEPS: Table-3.

To ensure that all necessary testing is carried out. premises and equipment. To ensure that the appropriate validations are done. test methods and other Quality Control Procedure.RESPONSIBILITY OF QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT: To evaluate batch records. To check the maintenance of the department. To ensure that the required initial and continuing training of his department personnel is Carried out and adapted according to need. To approve specifications. sampling instructions. 56 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

Examples include: non-profit organizations. A SWOT item that generates no strategies is not Important. For example. and individuals.SWOT Analysis of SAMYU GLASS PVT LIMITED SWOT Analysis explores the relationship between the environmental influences and the strategic Capabilities of an organization compared to its competitors. it May tend to persuade companies to compile lists rather than think about what is actually Important in achieving objectives. Such as: Etc SWOT analysis is just one method of categorization and has its own weaknesses. Strength & Weakness are essentially internal to the organization and relate to the organization And relate to the matter concerning resources. 57 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . governmental units. for example. programs. and organization in key areas. It also presents the resulting lists uncritically and without clear Prioritization so that. SWOT analysis may also be used in creating a recommendation during a viability study survey. The importance of SWOT is revealed By the value of the strategies it generates. The usefulness of SWOT analysis is not limited to profit-seeking organizations. SWOT analysis may also be used in pre-crisis planning and preventive crisis management. Such as: Opportunity & Threat are the external to the organization & can exist or develop in the Following areas. weak opportunities may appear to balance strong threats. SWOT analysis May be used in any decision-making situation when a desired end-state (objective) has been Defined.

Thus. • Lack of financial support for working capital requirements. • Higher taxes as compared. the main fuel for heating the furnace • Cartelization of the three major companies supplying soda ash. especially for food products due to inert properties of glass.e. • Shortage of electricity • Low labor productivity. food etc. • Huge potential in the domestic market especially for kitchenware as the lifestyles are becoming more modern • Scope of growth in exports due to better quality being offered by domestic manufacturers and reputation of the firms THREATS • Cost incompetitiveness • Shortage of natural gas i.STRENGTHS • Availability of raw materials • Ever increasing market demand. • Safety and environmental factors are also important factors. thus leading costs escalations. • Better quality products being manufactured as compared to competitors • Latest technologies being used • Labor Intensive • Glassware industry is driven by user segment manufacturing chemicals. 58 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . OPPORTUNITIES • Changing customer preferences. • Glassware serves as best option for packaging industry. • Decades of experience with many of the existing firms WEAKNESSES • Energy cost includes power consumption and running cost of furnaces. demanding and well integrated with global trends. this segment is highly competitive. • Low price Chinese products available in India are causing production of some products like chandeliers unviable.

meditation. simulation. 7. in the regular training programs. lecture) a grand success. it should be borne in mind that training in the above should be made available from the competent professionals. etc 5. the following suggestions have been made for improving the quality of training practices at Samyu glass and for excelling the performance of the operating staff of cement industry in general and Samyu’s in particular: 1. 4. it should be backed up by improved methods like demonstration. Most of the employees do not get the opportunity to attend training from the external agencies hence efforts should be made to include such employees. Safety Observation Tours (SOT) conducted ones in a sixth month by all line managers. pranayama. 6. To make the current training method (i.SUGGESTIONS In the light of the major findings observed above. Samyu glass Pvt. In train period modern and attractive style and systems are needed “In training and Development”. etc. Samyu glass has to make proper utilization of the same. the authorities concerned should make efforts to include relaxation techniques as yoga. As the training programmers inspire creativity/innovation there should be at least one training programs in a year for all groups of employees. audio/video tapes. Conducting Behavioral Safety Training programmes for workers at plant. However. To combat stress at the workplace. 2. 59 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . 8.e. limited has to adopt new methods and strategies in its manufacturing and marketing area & it will make some profit in short while. 3. India has well and valuable resource . role play.

Limited has huge opportunities in future. It also helped me in experiencing the practicality of the theoretical knowledge that is a part of our curriculum. Over all study of the organization helps in knowing the interrelation between the entire department and their role in helping the organization to attain its goals. The organizational study of Samyu has helped me to get the deep insight of all the functional departments and their unique role in fulfilling the organizational goals. and where this is example like induction program which is created positive impression. Even the organization to function well requires the support of so many hands. Samyu Glass Pvt. The understanding of each and every department gives the practical experience about all the theoretical aspects that are studied. Limited huge profit & transform the position of Samyu Glass in a top level in Packaging and Glass industry. Now day’s construction and Infrastructure industries are booming in our country.Conclusion: The organization study is really helps to get a clear idea about functions of the organizations. So. I hope this occasion will make Samyu Glass Pvt. 60 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .


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