Glass industry in India

Glass industry in India is poised to grow rapidly owing to its extensive use in the numerous sectors. The market is driven by increasing disposable income and willingness to spend on better living standards due to rising aesthetic sense among consumers as well as glass being the preferred medium of packaging. The total glass industry is worth INR 180 bn in 2010

The unique attributes of glass like its optical properties, chemical durability, and recyclability account for a range of glass products making it an integral part of the social existence. It is being used for innumerable consumer products ranging from tableware to automotive glass, for lighting and construction, and most importantly as packaging material food and beverages, cosmetics, and chemicals. The ever increasing demand for container glass for both conventional as well as new and specialty products as a result of pioneering researches ensure the continued success of global container glass market. The global market for container glass is projected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 7.9% for the period spanning 2011-2013.

Glass as a packaging material is being increasingly preferred by consumers inclined towards a healthy and sustainable lifestyle. At the same time, the industry is also encouraging the use of glass packaging due to features of better shelf life, design possibilities and recyclability. The factors driving the global container glass market include mainly the growth in beverage, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. However, the development of plastic and PET containers has provided a packaging alternative thus creating a challenge for the global container glass market. The global container glass industry is dominated by Europe and the US, where the container glass category accounts for a sizeable amount of the overall glass market revenues. Both the US and European regions reported an increase in container glass revenues in 2010, in response to improving economic conditions, and rising consumer awareness about the benefits of using glass packaging. In addition, continuous efforts on the part of the governments to promote recycling of glass containers will lead to an unprecedented growth in

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the container glass market. In the recent years, the emerging nations in the field of container glass category, like India and other developing countries, have acquired a dominant position posing as potential threat and as well as opportunity for the existing markets.

The current landscape of the global container glass market is intensely competitive with numerous large and regional players operating in the market, competing on the basis of price, quality, and other marketing attributes. The leading players in the global container glass industry include Saint-Gobain, Owens-Illinois, and Vetropack, among others.

We have predicted the future growth of the global glass container market by combining SPSS Inc.’s data integration and analysis capabilities with our relevant findings. We employed various significant variables that have an impact on this industry and created regression models with SPSS to determine the future direction of the industry. Overall, the glass container market in India has been growing at a healthy rate of over 10 per cent, with F&B segment contributing handsomely due to prospering FMCG sector. Food packaging is witnessing healthy volume growth due to the arrival of organized retail market. This has led to high competition in the packaging segment, and consequently has resulted in a number of innovations in the sector. The adoption of Narrow Neck Press & Blow (NNPB) technology in the production of glass containers has brought a revolution in the Indian glass packaging industry. It has resulted in decreasing the weight of the glass containers by 25-30 per cent. This technology also offers benefits such as better control over glass distribution and increased productivity, thus making glass packaging more cost-effective and convenient for the consumers. All major industries create wealth but if there is one industry that plays a unique role by way of both creation of wealth through a wide range of manufacturing activities and also by way of preserving the wealth or value created by many, many other industries, it is packaging. Apart from the huge value addition and employment involved in these activities, packaging has served the Indian economy by helping preservation of the quality and lengthening the shelf life of innumerable products – ranging from milk and biscuits, to drugs and medicines, processed and semi-processed foods, fruits and vegetables, edible oils, electronic goods etc., besides domestic appliances and industrial machinery and other hardware needing

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transportation. With water becoming a consumer product, polymer material-based bottles are becoming a universal presence. Packaging, as distinct from mere “packing”, plays it’s most visible and catalytic role in a modern economy with the widespread adoption of branding of products and development of consumer preferences. To the extent that any consumer product is packaged in a manner that meets the criteria of safety, convenience and attractiveness, it gains market share. In the aggregate, packaging as a sect oral activity boosts consumption and economic growth. Heightened competition in all product sectors within the country as also the increasing need to look for export markets have contributed to the rising demand for appropriate, and at the same time cost-effective, packaging material and technologies. The packaging industry’s growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health (in the case of packaged foods and medicines) and environment friendliness of packing material. The demands on the packaging industry are challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The World Packaging Organizations (WPO) slogan, “Better Quality of Life through Better Packaging”, sumps up the important place that packaging occupies in a modern economy. To ensure that public appreciation of this role and the policy-makers’ support to the industry are not diluted, attention should be paid to basic issues like collection, segregation and reuse of synthetic packaging material and observation of regulatory requirements.

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printability and low odor. plastic. Flexible packaging contains multi-layered laminated sheets of single or a combination of substrates such as plastic. aerosol cans. This is expected to stimulate greater consumption of branded products and increase the use of rigid and flexible packaging. HOPE. which is the oldest and the most conventional form of packaging. with the expanding middle class and rising income levels. which is the most commonly used substrate in flexible packaging. a corrugated boxes.a. However. heat. It is estimated that more than 80% of the total packaging in India constitutes rigid packaging. These issues act as a major impediment in flexible packaging becoming an all-pervasive medium. battery cell cans. aroma retention. heat retention. paper or aluminum. salability. and chemical reaction. Indian Packaging industry is USD 14 billion and growing at more than 15% p. aluminum collapsible tubes. Flexible packaging has gained vast acceptability because of the protection it offers to the product against environmental threats like moisture. is facing pressure because of issues of environmental protection and safe disposal. Concurrently. More so. Rigid packaging constitutes glass bottles. gloss. the increased interaction with the developed world will considerably influence the aesthetic and quality norms of the Indian consumer and lead to better consumption standards. moisture resistance. Flexible packaging finds varied use because of its ability to provide strength. However. This growth rate is expected to double in the next two years. metal cans. barrels made from HOPE. on the other hand is environment friendly and also enjoy the advantages of easy handling and efficient 4 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Indian Packaging Industry Market: The Indian packaging industry itself is growing at 14-15% annually. grease resistance. convenience in handling the product and the cost benefits it provides are added advantages. The remaining 20% comprises flexible packaging. Paper and paperboard. the patterns of consumption are bound to change substantially and the demand for quality and convenience-based products will increase. These figures indicate towards a change in the industrial and consumer set up. Nonetheless. injection molded plastic containers made of PVC. paperboards. the Indian fascination for rigid packaging remains intact. PET.

Currently.58% for 2007-08. flexible packaging mandates additional capital requirements and technical know-how for efficient manufacturing operations.process implementation. The large growing middle class. Korea and China. There are about 600-700 packaging machinery manufacturers. India’s imports at 20 & 25% of its total packing machinery import indicate further opportunities for Italian companies to explore. attractiveness of paper and paperboard consumption remains. If the demand for paper continues to grow at the same rate. Although substrates like plastic have gained vast acceptability. The import (customs) duty for packaging machinery is 25.a. the industry imports machinery. India is ranked 15th in the world for its paper and paperboard consumption and is expected to improve its rank in the future. Germany and Italy are the latest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan. Food and Pharma packaging are the key driving segments. On the packaging machinery side. Paper is the fastest growing substrate segment with a growth rate of 6-7%. while a wide range is manufactured in India. especially at the high end. 95% of which are in the small and medium sector located all over India. liberalization and organized retail sector are the catalysts to growth in packaging. Indian packaging machinery exports are rapidly growing. The total demand for paper currently is estimated to be around 6 mn tones. Moreover.          Indian packaging machinery imports are USD 125 million. Germany and Italy are the largest suppliers of packaging machinery to India but focus is now shifting on Taiwan and China.5mn tones by 2010. of which about 40% is consumed by the packaging industry. total paper consumption is expected to reach 9. Laminated products including form-fill-seal pouches. 5 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . India's per capita packaging consumption is less than USD 15 against worldwide average of nearly USD 100. laminated tubes and tetra packs are growing at around 30% p.

The over 4. Factories are spread out in all parts of India. MNCs are demanding corrugated boxes of international standards and the pattern of buying the packaging is changing. Deployment of Folder Gluers. 6 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . even in the remote industrially backward areas. More and more in-line automatic plants are being set up. Rotary Die cutters will be on the increase. employing over half a million people – both directly and indirectly. flexi printing will facilitate in-house flexi printing and do away with screen printing. Advances in multicolor.000 corrugated boards and sheet plants are highly labor-intensive. This present scenario is already being challenged by the sweeping changes that are beginning to take shape. POPs and dispensers.Some important Packaging sub-sectors: Corrugated Packaging & Situation in India: A flourishing organized retail have raised the expectations that consumption of corrugated packaging will begin to expand again as the number and volume of goods packaged in corrugated increases. The industry is converting about 2 million tons of Kraft paper into corrugated boxes. manual operations and low productivity. Inline Automatic Board and Box making plants will ease out the present semi automatic production processes. contract printing on offset presses. Use of corrugated for display/promotional packs. transport constraints and high freight costs have meant that small to medium sized corrugated box plants are located near the customers. Besides. as corrugated box makers gear up to meet the new demands for high precision boxes with attractive graphics and large integrated production capacities. Prices of corrugated sheet and converted boxes have remained low due to the overcapacity.

paper. providing instant convincing information about the quality of the product. The packaging has therefore the prime tasks to be appealing. injectibles. Pharmaceutical packaging consists of various types of glass. pharmaceutical packaging requirements focused exclusively on preserving the quality of enclosed medication. These requirements are now being extended to cover such criteria as the prevention of product tampering and counterfeiting. aluminum foil. Other backward linkages of packaging including printing labeling and binding /adhesive tapes etc. a range of polymer products including rigid and flexible packaging material. while being functional and reliable. bulk packs. Today. while at same time jumping off the shelf. Besides upward trends in medication consumption. Growth will follow upward trends in global medication consumption. the adoption of stricter regulations and standards governing the production. It is important that the packaging let you having a truthful and instant appreciation of the product inside. distribution and labeling of pharmaceuticals will boost global growth opportunities for packaging products and accessories. Pharmaceuticals will assume an expanding role in worldwide health care delivery based on new product introductions and economical advantages over other forms of patient treatment. it involves manufacture (and sometimes import) of a wide range of packing material . you actually take a decision on which product to buy when we are in the supermarket before the shelves. storage. etc. cardboard. pet bottles. 7 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Pharmaceutical Packaging & Situation in India Pharmaceutical packaging occupies a considerable portion of the overall drugs and pharmaceutical market in India and is growing steadily with the same pace of the industry. ampoules. Historically. As most of the consumers. speaking to you. strip and blister packs. On one side. paperboard. the packaging industry in India is considered a sunrise industry and its linkages are extensive and highly employment creating. which will expand at a strong pace as aging demographic patterns lead to an increasing number of diseases and disorders. tin an good old wood and steel. the assurance of product dispensing accuracy and the promotion of patient compliance with product dosage schedules. Of course machinery for making / processing these products and for packing / packaging is another segment closely linked to this industry. The Indian pharmaceutical packaging industry is witnessing a spurt in growth.

Packaging industry serves the following purposes in India: 1. quality and nutrition. You can easily sense the elegance and the beauty of a bottle of Champaign. microwavable containers. Communication: ‘A package must protect what it sells and sell what it protects’. Packaging therefore contributes to food safety. vapor. foamed plastic or wrappings. Convenience: Packaging plays an important role in allowing products to respond to the demands and needs of modern consumers. Supplementary Product Protection: Packaging can also provide supplementary product protection. from infestation. moisture. The information provided on packaging allows the consumer to make informed decisions on the product’s purchase and use. shape. No other packaging material matches the shelf impact of glass. sheets of corrugated paperboard. and feel of glass containers contribute to the premium image of products ranging from fine perfumes to liquor to gourmet foods and beverages. To function successfully. Faulty packaging (or under packaging) can lead to spillages a result in major losses and serious damage. Frozen food packs. from hazardous substances and contaminants. 5. This containment function of packaging makes a huge contribution to protecting the environment. 3.Unlike other materials. of a wine glass or flacon of perfume. Modern methods of consumer marketing would fail were it not for the messages communicated on the package. drying atmospheres). the package must contain the product. glass adds a touch of class to the products contained inside while guaranteeing the highest level of protection and longer shelf life. This may be achieved by forms of cushioning such as shredded papers. Protection and Preservation: Packaging plays a vital role in protecting products as they go from the manufacturer to the consumer. wine 8 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The clarity. from climatic effects (heat and cold. Containment: Most products must be contained before they can be moved from one place to another. Packaging technology has made major contributions to advancing food science and food safety and reduction of food spoilage. 2. Packaging is designed to ensure that the product reaches the consumer in good condition. 4. The product is protected during transport and distribution.

greater brand awareness and convenience. outer leaves and trimmings. 9 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Medical packaging also reduces the risk of accidental overdose or improper use by children (child resistant closures). When the food is packaged. 8. remain at the processing point where they can be economically recovered and used in the manufacture of valuable byproducts. Without the benefit of packaging to preserve food. Light weight medical devices are packaged in peel-open. 7. 6. in small containers allows sealed. the unwanted portions such as skins. or laboratories. patient’s rooms. Other examples of security packages are lock-on caps and tamperproof closures. The product may be sold in a blister package sealed to a large paperboard backing. Packaging helps sell products by providing product differentiation and presentation. easy-open beverage and food cans and aseptic cartons are good examples of convenience packaging. In the administration of drugs.cardboard casks. The large card makes the package more difficult to conceal and steal. plus the ability to reflect current consumer trends and images. sales appeal and quality of retail packaging. These types of packaging reflect the demand for convenience and quick food preparation in a way that guarantees freshness. Marketing Trends: Marketing trends are placing increasing emphasis on the look. The continuously changing demands of consumers will require higher quality graphics and promotional links between graphics and advertising to support brand identities. a higher proportion of food would become spoiled and consequently consigned to garbage collection for land disposal. Environmental Aspects: Packaging reduces the amount of waste going to landfill. Reduction of Pilferage: Packaging of a wide variety of products sold from self-service counters is designed to reduce stealing. solid and liquid. unused drugs to be returned to stock. pre-sterilized containers designed for easy use in operating rooms. unit-dose packaging.

has improved the quality of all types of primary and secondary packaging. As consumerism is rising. Apart from the normal products packed in flexible packaging. Products like toothpaste. Also industrialization and expected emergence of the organized retail industry is fuelling the growth of packaging industry. Low Purchasing Power resulting in Purchase of Small Packets India being a growing country. and fairness creams in laminated pouches are highly innovative and are not used elsewhere. The liberalization of the Indian economy. Indian Economy Experiencing Good Growth Prospects The Indian economy is growing at a promising rate. the consumer goods come in small. 2. there is a growing trend towards well packed. 3. Today even a common man is conscious about the food intake he consumes in day-to-day life. with more and more products becoming affordable to a larger section of the population. Overall economic growth has proved to be beneficial for the consumer goods market. toothpowder. Increasing Health Consciousness As people are becoming more health conscious. affordable packages. purchasing power capacity of Indian consumers is lower. Another typical example of such applications is tobacco and betel nut-based intoxicants and mouth fresheners catering to unique Indian taste. the use of flexible in India includes some novel applications not usually seen in the developed world. coupled with globalization and the influx of the multi-nationals. branded products rather than the loose and unpackaged formats. with growth of outputs in agriculture. 4.Factors Affecting Growth of Packaging Industry in India 1. industry and tertiary sectors. Urbanization Modern technology is now an integral part of nation's society today with high-end package usage increasing rapidly. 10 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . rural India is also slowly changing into more of an urban society.

and noodles being launched in India.5. the review period has seen new products like pasta. Rural Marketing Pushing Demand for Sachets India comprises of a big rural market and there has been growing focus on rural marketing. 7. Low priced sachets have proved to be extremely popular in smaller towns and villages. where people do not prefer to buy larger packs due to financial constraints. Therefore. soups. awareness towards usage of contraceptives and disposables syringes have increased the demand for packaging required for the same. whereby manufacturers are introducing low-priced goods in smaller pack sizes. 11 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Indians are trying out newer cuisines and also purchasing similar food items for their homes. Personal health consciousness amongst Indians: With growing awareness towards contagious diseases like AIDS and other STDs. fuelling the growth of packaging industry in India. Changing Food Habits amongst Indians Changing lifestyles and lesser time to spend in kitchens are resulting in more incidence of eating away from homes resulting in explosive growth of restaurants and fast food outlets all over the country. 6.

Major Centers The Indian glass processing industry is clustered in six geographical locations that fall near the six industries or metropolitan cities. their popularity and demand is notably high among consumers. and Gulati glass are some of the glass processors in the region. changing lifestyle. Further. pharmaceutical/life saving drugs and food items. These areas are dependent on the glass processors in the six clusters to cater to their processed glass plants. Glass the fact that glass containers are chemically inert and pure.Global Glass Market The global market for glass packaging is thriving on the back of the increasing consumer demand for pure. Mico Glass. Unlike plastic. It is very interesting to note that there are certain areas as big as Italy where you won't find a single glass processing unit. and thus safer to be used. rising cosmetic sales. increasing per capita is also driving for the growth of the industry and as well as the country wealth increases. the perception of glass containers as having a high quality or premium image compared to plastic and metal containers facilitates growth. Gold Plus (which recently announced setting up a float line). and multi layered cartons. avoid corrosion or decrease gas permeability. green. and sustainable food and beverage packaging. Its key property of being chemically inert and transparent makes glass the most suitable medium of packaging of liquor. Glass does not deteriorate. Can you believe a state having a population of 230 million (yes that's million) does not have a single processing unit? The processing clusters are located in and around the following cities :New Delhi. glass containers do not need a petroleumbased plastic layer or other chemical additive to preserve the taste of foods and beverages. GSC Glass. stain or fade. and all are located in a belt of 100 12 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . cans. factors like increasing demand from emerging markets of India and China. so products inside glass container remain as fresh and pure as they were bottled. Recyclable is another major advantage of glass which makes a preferred choice for packaging. The national capital has some of the biggest and most reputable glass processors in the country. corrode. In addition to the above benefits of glass.

GSC and Gold Plus glass stand out among the processors in the capital region. The regulatory framework of building codes for safety and energy also needs to keep pace with industry growth and new glass uses. then prices will have to come down and in a hurry. Energy costs are increasing. The country's financial capital. you will see how the skyline is changing. Almost no effort has been put into customer service. as it is dubbed. and all other participants are short-term driven. In case value-added glass has to make inroads in India at a scale and pace comparison to European countries.km in the capital region. glaziers. reducing costs. It is no secret that the glass processing industry in India is much disorganized. whole sellers. so what is the reason that a value-added glass industry in the country is not booming? Low demand drivers Consumer awareness. Most customers have the perception that glass is something that is transparent and very fragile. The glass industry is also weighed down by the spiraling cost of manufacturing. as are those of raw materials and infrastructure.Mumbai. As glass has gained increased popularity in the last fifteen years. One prime reason these clusters formed in these particular regions is the spate of construction that has been happening in these cities over the last five years. The remaining clusters are in and around the cities of Chennai. Looking at this one would guess that this is the region where every glass processor would want to be. and in the eastern coast of the country in Kolkata. most consumers in India are not aware of type of value-added glass and their respective advantages. has some of the very best names in the processing industry. The processing industry in this region is benefiting from the boom in construction activities that has been going on for quite some time. the most important reason for low volume of value added glasses can be attributed to consumers. glass processors. Other than these two major industry clusters. Hyderabad and Bangalore. It may seem strange that 13 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Consumers are not aware of the availability of various types of glass and what benefits each one gives. GSC glass could be termed the most advanced and largest glass processor in the country. Fishta Glass. Incidentally GSC was the first glass processor in the country when it started to process glass in 1994. If you travel to any of these cities today. spiraling Costs. Sejal Glass. new structures are rising. Because of the fragmented nature of the industry. and Viral Glass are a few of the outstanding names in the region. Fragmented nature of the industry. Overnight. or systematically developing markets. Lack of knowledge among architects. in fact. Perhaps. and you will see endless facades of glass also rising.

14 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Another dire problem facing the valueadded glass industry is back of any codes for the products. and many turn to glass processors to suggest a type of glass for a particular application. There are no government guidelines for the use of any particular type of glass. Lack of codes. those who use are still learning about applications and benefits of various types of glass. but it has yet to see the light of the day. There was an initiative by one of the state governments to make the use of tempered glass mandatory in commercial buildings. Value-added glass is finding application in only a minuscule number of residential units. Because glass is a relatively new product in building applications. Use of value-added glass has gained popularity in commercial buildings to a large extent. A drive to adopt a ruling similar to that of Germany's for use of low E glass in windows can drive demand for value added glass in India. Price sensitivity of Indian consumers. Low penetration in the residential sector. a subsequent rise in consumption of packaged food and beverages drives growth of glass. meanwhile. An overriding theme for glass packaging is that of reduced growth opportunities in mature regions and mature product categories. which are a major source of demand for these glass types. are not using much of thee products. As disposable incomes increases amongst these dynamic economies and the retail infrastructure continues to develop. are pivotal in supporting current and forecast global volume sales growth for glass. Fast-developing economies in Asia Pacific. but residential buildings. With a price differential between basic flat glass and valueadded glass. Indian consumers and the Indian market are very price sensitive. Latin America and Middle East and Africa regions. Despite robust economic growth during the last decade.many architects are not aware of the type of value-added glass available. consumers would rather opt for the basic glass type.

Different types of containers: The influence of competing pack formats impacts glass share as dynamic packaging performer. wine and spirits. offers consumers a conveniently lightweight pack. lightweight PET. The global glass stronghold of spirits is additionally seeing pack substitution in favor of PET amongst more economy lines. Harshest impact on glass is seen in carbonates and bottled water sales. In developed regions. dressings and condiments. pickled products and pasta/wet/cooking sauces respond to a widening consumer interest in other world cuisines whilst Asia Pacific's rise in purchases of packaged. suited to the on-the-go lifestyle. positive growth for glass is further observed in sauces. This cocooning trend is producing retail growth for glass in its key alcoholic drinks categories of beer. branded products is a further driver for forecast glass growth. table sauces. 15 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Beverage can advances in beer and more niche packaging developments exist to challenge the dominance of glass in wine. most apparent in North America. The growing consumer trend towards eating and entertaining at home. itself being furthered by tightened consumer spending in the weaker economic climate is promoting greater packaging growth in the off-trade channel as against weaker on-trade performance. In particular.

Outstanding product quality. dedicated customer service and the creation of innovative new products have always been central to our business. has designed and manufactured a wide array of products for many of the world’s most recognized brands. Amber and Green glass. South India. We aspire to be a globally respected corporation that provides best business products and services. a leader in product innovation. The factory is located in Andhra Pradesh. Its willingness to take on challenges and see them through is their hallmark. Ltd. Pharmaceuticals. and in close proximity to the raw-material resources. we would like to spread our business establishments and services across the world. In the next 5 years.. was established in the year 2009 and is dedicated to the manufacture of high quality glass containers. and sticks to the basic values and principles that were the pillars on which this company was initially incorporated upon. The Company has an installed capacity of producing 200 MT per day of Glass and has state of the art equipments designed to produce Glass containers in 100 ml – 1000ml range. Ltd. major ports and our customers.  Samyu Glass Pvt.. This company was cradled by the most arduous and sincere entrepreneurs in the country. and to be a pioneering leader in the manufacturing of glass products in the global market. in different shapes and in Flint. We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. They cater to the package needs of hot/ cold food processing. benefited with the support of ever increasing demand for glass containers. economy of the state and the presence of a diligent group of individuals eager to attain growth and success. we have a clear vision of what we would like to accomplish. Ltd. and we constantly strive to meet this challenge.Introduction  Samyu Glass Pvt. Amber and Green containers. 16 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . cosmetics and other industries. Within a short time of operations the Company has built up an excellent reputation for quality and caters to a large and demanding customer base with a product range covering Flint. Vision At Samyu Glass Pvt. The manufacturing facilities are among the best and state of the art to achieve high levels of productivity and quality.

Everything we do must stand the test of public scrutiny. We must surpass customer expectations consistently. We must have the courage to shape a better future for the society at large. We must bring prosperity to our investors. These principals continue to direct the growth and business of our company. show respect. and always work for the benefit of the communities we serve. · Excellence: We must constantly strive to achieve the highest possible standards in our dayto-day work and in the quality of the goods and services we provide. looking out for new challenges and this must become our way of life. · Reliability: We must be caring. and productivity excellence to our customers and business partners. Primary Competitive Advantages     No of Staff Year of Establishment Product Range    Transparent dealings Utmost client satisfaction Ability to deliver bulk order Stringent quality check 700 2009 Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle 17 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . with honesty and transparency. We strongly believe that excellence can be achieved only through innovation. security to our employees. sensitive to the laws. Constantly identifying new opportunities. We must continue to be responsible. These principals are an integral part of us and the manner in which we conduct our business: · Leadership: We must strive to set standards in our business and transactions and be an exemplar for the industry and ourselves.Basic Principals Samyu Glass Pvt. We must be committed to growth and diversification. has always been a principal-driven company. communities and environment in which we work. compassion and humanity for our colleagues and customers around the world. · Responsibility: We must conduct our business fairly. Ltd.

exporters. 180ml. Samyu Glass Private Limited. includes designers. which are well-tested by our experts. we plan to expand our export base and become leader in the domain of glass bottles manufacturing. 18 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . etc. In the near future.An Overview With an exclusive range of glass products. Our range is widely used into various industries such as Hot/Cold Beverages. trading and supplying a wide range of glass products. 320ml. we have carved a niche for ourselves as one of the prominent manufacturers. Juice Glass Bottle. suppliers. The products are made using quality raw material that is procured from renowned vendors of the market. packaging inspectors. Our proficient team. and more. Our spectrum of products includes:    Perfume Glass Bottle Beverage Glass Bottle Juice Glass Bottle These products are available in various volumes such as 720ml. Beverage Glass Bottle. exporting. plays a crucial role in the marketplace. importers and traders of a wide range of glass bottles. etc. administrator staff. Cosmetics and Food processing. importing. 500ml. With their expert guidance. The products we manufacture are Alcohol Glass Bottle. 200ml. sales and marketing personnel. Incepted in the year 2009. managers. we. we design and produce various others glass products according to the latest market trends and specifications given by the clients. quality analysts. Pharmaceuticals. Product Portfolio We are engaged in manufacturing. They are highly experienced with complete knowledge of the processes involved in product manufacturing and their applications. has captured a huge market share.

Some of the numerous reasons.gradation of our facilities allows us to attain timely accomplishment of the targets. Hence. Our infrastructure spreads over a vast expanse of land that allows our professionals to work in close proximity. etc. quality testing unit. Time to time up. and other products. why we are preferred over our competitors are listed below:         Easy payment modes Utmost customer satisfaction Safe and durable products Use of innovative technology Optimum quality of products Versatile infrastructure set up Efficient and experienced personnel Timely delivery of the consignment. Our Forte We enjoy immense popularity and recognition in the domestic as well as international markets and are known for our flawless products. juice glass bottle. supreme quality has always been primary objective of our organization. Also.state-of-the-art infrastructure that is outfitted with necessary machines and equipment for carrying out smooth production process within committed time frame. We are committed to use best quality material in the manufacturing of alcohol glass bottle. Our facilities are divided into various departments such as processing unit. Every unit has been provided with adequate resources and upgraded technology to produce a comprehensive range of glass products.Assured Quality Since our foundation. we have a quality control wing. some of which are as follows:      Design Size Durability Accuracy Finishing Sophisticated Infrastructure We have the. dispatching. 19 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . the end products are checked on numerous parameters. which is managed by a team of experts who supervise all the production processes and ensure that products go without defect. warehousing.

The center has cutting-edge infrastructure and is peopled with experienced professionals. Samyu Glass is committed to delivering innovative and creative packaging solutions to customers. skin care. and pharmaceuticals. merchandising designs. graphic design. offering marketing support in the form of point of sale design. The design center continuously tracks the latest trends in fashion. The center's solutions cover a wide gamut of packaging materials and components. our solutions are fresh. perfumery. cosmetics and art and incorporates best practices into its packaging solutions. As a result. wine. The Samyu Glass Corporate Design Center is a state-of-the-art facility and offers a complete range of design solutions to customers in categories as diverse as perfumes. food. creative and contemporary. beverages. The Corporate Design Center also has a center of innovation and development. It offers 3-D industrial design. exhibition design etc 20 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The Corporate Design Center is a product of this commitment. cosmetics. and is equipped with an in-house prototype and model making workshop.Products: Industry served    Juice and mineral water Industry Pharmaceutical Industry Perfumery industry Design Studio As a global leader in the design and manufacture of glass.

neck finish. foreign matter etc. Here. VERITAS and VISIGLAS. with the quality control checker. Quality inspection involves five levels of checks. Motivation and Training. we are carrying out a Business Process Excellence initiative. This shall be achieved by 1. 2. Development of Human resources through systematic Employee’s Involvement. 3. Delivery and cost. M-Cal. where they are gradually heated and cooled to de-stress. At the corporate level. does hot end sampling for dimensional checks. To ensure consistency and quality. Tuning of our business practices through feedback from our customers and suppliers. immediately after the bottle is formed.Quality Policy To Gain the confidence and respect of our customers in the field of Glass container manufacturing by providing quality products that meet and exceed Customer expectations in terms of Quality. These machines check for body defects. the bottles are put into an annealing chamber. Next. a Six Sigma initiative is being rolled out at both the Indian plants. quality is of paramount importance. 4.Continual improvement of our Technology and skills to meet and exceed customer’s statutory quality requirements. Level 1 happens at the IS machine. Quality Assurance Quality Checks: At Samyu Glass. the line operator. too. 21 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The bottles then pass through a series of automatic and camera inspection checks by equipment like M. Cost reduction through judicious use of available resources in all Business processes. bubbles. Hot-end ware rejection is an automatic process to ensure quality of the bottles after bottle swabbing.

We plan to add new colors in the coming year also. Our colored figured plant needs cold repairs. Prices of colored figured are also up. bringing down cost of production per unit. blue. and a sample of the packed bottles is put through a QA process to check for defects.The bottles are finally automatically shrink-wrapped. there is a strain on orders. thereby. Prices are also looking up. 22 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Our present production quality is also acceptable in the market and we are getting the benefits of increased prices. It is expected that they shall continue in this trend for this calendar year. In colored figured. green. We have to start preparations for the same and have to order out refractoriness that has a lead time of 8-9 months. This is other than grey that we usually make. but since colored figured demand is only 2025% of total demand and 3-4 plants at a time make colored figured. The container used for transport is fumigated and also checked for cleanliness and hygiene prior to stuffing. We are gradually increasing our production and. We plan to introduce some new designs in the coming year. we have made 3 new colors this year that were not made for many years coolex. Highlights of Samyu Glass Pvt Ltd:          State of art equipment Global network base Cost effective quality products Experienced executive teams Leader in Product Innovation Proximity to raw materials /major ports Stringent quality control policies On time services Dedicated work force OUTLOOK The demand for clear figured glass is very good.

These include:     Strong manufacturing presence Wide sales and distribution spread Significant cost advantages Decoration services and accessories Strong Manufacturing Presence Samyu Glass is one of the largest manufacturers of flacconage glass for the pharmaceuticals and perfumery businesses today. the net loss comes to Rs.47 lakhs in the previous year. Financial performance During the year the turnover amounted to Rs. and is among the top five manufacturers of perfumery bottles in the world. Samyu Glass has invested more than $110 million in creation of significant new capacity.77 lakhs of previous year. balance is provision made for severance and full and final settlement of Allahabad Plant workers and other write-offs of not recoverable debts.97 lakhs.46lakhs & Rs. The Company has appointed external firms of Chartered Accountants as internal Auditors. After providing for interest and depreciation amounting to Rs. The loss from operations is Rs. We also manufacture glass bottles for specialty food and beverages. 893. 3886. 1618.85 Lakhs against net profit of Rs. 3635. 401 lakhs only. 364. with an installed capacity of 1. and sales of more than $200 million worldwide. Samyu Glass offers several competitive advantages over other suppliers of flacconage.Internal control system and their adequacy The Company has adequate system of internal controls to ensure proper safeguarding of the assets.133.98 lakhs compared to Rs.115 tons per day. 23 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

Programs cover: Education   Funding computers at a local school Improving infrastructure of the school Community Development   Making drinking water more accessible for local communities by building tanks Building roads to make local villages more accessible. creative labeling. And. local communities and the under privileged. Our significant marketing presence in Europe. Research Design Innovations Glass can be molded into an infinite number of shapes and sizes for consumer appeal and form and functionality. programs for senior citizens. etc. and respond to their needs quickly and efficiently. embossing and other decorative treatments can also enhance customer appeal. Samyu Glass takes its corporate social responsibility seriously. USA and South America enables us to build more intimate relationships with customers.Sales & Distribution Spread Samyu Glass has a large geographic footprint. Significance .quality of being useful 24 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Two properties of design: 1.having importance or meaning 2. with a sales and distribution presence in most major markets across the globe. Utility . We have a variety of programs designed to help employees. Corporate Social Responsibility As a citizen of corporate India.

. The strategy is derived from clear. policies. be it a government. People who perform similar tasks are clustered together. or departments) in which people perform specialized functions such as manufacturing. It is familiar. business. and rational. and by the turn of the century introduction of Scientific THE DESIGN PROCESS: Organization design begins with the creation of a strategy. HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM: Western organizations have been heavily influenced by the command and control structure of ancient military organizations. or fraternity. information and technology of an organization. The facilitator assures that a systematic process is followed and encourages creative thinking. school. It is used to match the form of the organization as closely as possible to the purposes the organization seeks to achieve. and procedures are uniformly and impersonally applied to exert control over member behaviors. Within the hierarchy rules. Organization design is a formal guided process for integrating the people. It is what comes immediately to mind when we discover that . organization act to improve the probability that the collective effort of members will be successful..ORGANISATION STRUCTURE: Most organizations today are designed as a bureaucracy in whom authority and responsibility are arranged in a hierarchy. Typically. Activity is organized within sub-units (bureaus. predictable. or accounting. The same basic organizational form is assumed to be appropriate for any organization.a set of decision guidelines by which members will choose appropriate actions. church. sales.we really have to get organized. Manager and members work together to define the needs of the organization then create system to meet those needs most effectively. concise statement of purpose and vision and from the organization basic philosophy 25 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Through the design process. the design is approved as an internal change under the guidance of an external facilitator.

MANAGING DIRECTOR SENIOR MANAGER ASSISTANT MANAGER FACTORY MANAGER SENIOR ENGINEER ENGINEER SUPERVISOR DEPUTY SUPERVISOR WORKERS 26 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Organization Structure of Samyu Glass Pvt. Ltd.

FUNCTIONAL DEPARTMENTS Managing Director HR FINANCE MARKETING QUALITY PRODUCTION 27 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

and society at large. clients. The objective of human resources is to maximize the return on investment from the organization's human capital and minimize financial risk. training. Activities can be grouped according to function (work being done) to pursue economies of scale by placing employees with shared skills and knowledge into departments for example human resources. and other personnel issues. The field draws upon concepts developed in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. finance. This article addresses both definitions. and exchanging offerings that have value for customers. Employee Relations and resource planning. legal. partners. 28 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Grouping activities by functions performed. and to the portion of the firm's organization that deals with hiring. The original usage derives from political economy and economics. The more common usage within corporations and businesses refers to the individuals within the firm. IT. and consistent manner. delivering. Human resources have at least two related interpretations depending on context. one of four factors of production. and processes for creating. The advantage of this type of grouping is obtaining efficiencies from consolidating similar specialties and people with common skills. The functions reflect the nature of the business. Functional departmentalization . marketing and engineering. set of institutions. Functional departmentalization can be used in all types of organizations. where it was traditionally called labor. It is the responsibility of human resource managers to conduct these activities in an effective. fair. as in shopping.Departmentalization by function organizes by the functions to be performed. firing. manufacturing. or going to a market to sell goods or services. communicating. Human Resource Department: Human resources are a term with which many organizations describe the combination of traditionally administrative personnel functions with performance. Marketing Department: Marketing is defined by the American Marketing Association as the activity. knowledge and orientations together in common units. The term developed from the original meaning which referred literally to going to market.

The works department. Such financial information is primarily used by lenders. transactions and events which are.html 29 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . organizations. The design and technical support department. The production and planning department. The Production Manager is responsible for making sure that raw materials are provided and made into finished goods effectively. and expenses in the books of account (ledger) to which debit and credit entries (recognizing transactions) are chronologically posted to record changes in value (see bookkeeping). tax authorities and other decision makers to make resource allocation decisions between and within companies. investors. verifying. accounting is the system of recording. and interpreting the results thereof. 3. income." Source: http://www. Accounting has been defined by the AICPA as “The art of recording. He or she must make sure that work is carried out smoothly. In a manufacturing company the production function may be split into five sub functions: 1.Production Department: Production is the functional area responsible for turning inputs into finished outputs through a series of production processes. in part at least. The stores department. and summarizing in a significant manner and in terms of money. Finance Department: Finance. and public agencies. 2. of financial character. The purchasing department.syfes. classifying. liabilities. 4.com/1. managers. and must supervise procedures for making work more efficient and more enjoyable. and reporting of the value of assets. 5.

Every human being has the ability and potential to do remarkable things if they are provided with opportunities and climate to understand. ignored by most of the organizations. enhancing market share and maintaining effective and efficient leadership. At the same way in the organization human resource role is very central. These organizations tended to view people as mere instruments for accomplishing organizational goals and. larger volumes of production and greater emphasis on specialization lay stress on cutting down the costs of production. therefore.1-HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT STRUCTURE OF HR DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SENIOR MANAGER (HR) ASSISTANT MANAGER (HR) FACTORY MANAGER Table-3. Unfortunately. the development of people has been a neglected phenomenon in the past and therefore. felt that they need to be administered or managed.3. But it is not true. increasing size of business. complexities of modern organizations as apparent from changing technology.1 Today we are living in competitive world. develop and utilize his or her potentials. improving the quality of product or service. 30 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . In fact. So every sector role is vital.

Recruitment: Recruitment in Samyu Glass is a very fair and transparent process with adequate opportunities to look for suitable candidates internally as well as from outside. A committee of officers handles the entire recruitment process comprising screening of applications. Applicants are generally invited on the basis of specific advertisements in newspapers. All decisions of the Recruitment Committee are recorded in respect of each candidate. Recruitment process steps Source: http://hrmadvice. and final selection. interviews.com/blog/2008/06/15/understanding-high-level-recruitment-process/ 31 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . preliminary short-listing.

The manager and the recruitment specialist define the profile of the position and the profile of the suitable candidate. Some plants have Best Employee and Employee of the Month awards Training and Development: SAMYU Glass’s new performance management system incorporates a process called ‘Competency Assessment’ and ‘Training and Developmental Needs’ wherein appraisers are specifically called upon to identify and assess training needs of employees at specific intervals that do not coincide with performance appraisals. This is so that training needs can be assessed objectively. which can be expected to select from. Training is imparted to take care of an individual’s career development as well as functional and skill enhancement.Overview of the recruitment process steps: 1) Job Position Opening – The most important process step for the successful recruitment and selection of the good candidate. The recruitment specialist has to be prepared for detailed discussions to have a good definition of the ideal job candidate. nomination to external training programmers in India and abroad. 3) Selecting job candidate – The process when the recruitment specialist and the manager select the best candidates to make the offer to them. Performance Management: The Company’s performance management system is in itself a benchmark that provides ample opportunities and motivational incentives to employees so as to reward and retain good talent within the Company. letters of appreciation. This part is usually the process step with the biggest risk of the delay in the recruitment process. and appreciation. These incentives include: performance linked incentives. special increments. This part of the recruitment process decides about the speed of the whole process. 4) Making an offer – The nicest part of the recruitment and selection process. The recruitment specialist summarizes the requests of the manager and the wish told by the job candidate and tries to convert the job candidate into a new hire for the organization. good work awards. 2) Selecting recruitment source – The recruitment specialist has to decide about the correct recruitment channels to be used and the amount of job resumes. public felicitation. Competency and development training inputs include skill and 32 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . promotions.

communication skills and career development. useful suggestions for the improvements.general performance enhancement. COUNSELING: Counseling services are provide to enhance employees competence & job satisfaction. The process identifies the necessity inputs aim at imparting technical/managerial knowledge. interpersonal skills & attitudes that will helping dealing with the 33 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . and recreation facilities Employee Satisfaction: The salient points of the survey of employees are shared below: People are treated fairly regardless of religion and gender. CARRER PLANING: This is ensuring that people of the right caliber are available to meet the present & future requirements of organization. Management is competent in running business. Employees feel good about what Samyu Glass does for society. loans and financial assistance. Management thinks positively. is a safe place to work. to prepare them for future responsibilities. Functional training needs are identified and conducted by functional departments while corporate HR organizes competency and developmental inputs. AWARDS: Awards are instituted by the company in the recognition of outstanding work performance. Employee Welfare and Perquisites: Employee welfare receives prime attention at Samyu Glass. These cover education. & contributions to technical/academic knowledge. It has several schemes for general welfare of employees and their families. to establish better working relationship & to cope up with personal problems. healthcare. Ltd. Samyu Glass Pvt. Counseling is carried out by HRD appraisers & professional counselors. retirement benefits.

as to match the individual to the task & inculcate a high sense of organizational loyalty. lateral mobility & self development through self motivation. Appraisal & promotion shall be ethical & impartial. skills & attitudes. orientation & training. incentives & control. by making feel proud partners in progress. Build teams & faster team work as the primary instrument in all activities. scientific & objective system of rewards.   Implement equitable. HR departments shall Co-ordinate this activity. 34 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Other factors to develop potential include activities such as exposure to new functional projects. Succession planning & career planning shall be reviewed every 6 month in the company. Provides facilities for all round growth of the individual by training in & outside the organization. SUCCESSION PLANING: The manager in Samyu Glass organization will prepare a succession plan to all position under him with the guidance of Deputy managing. concerned HOD & unit chief shall implement the process. Groom every individual to realize his potential in all facts while contributing to attain higher organizational & personal goals.external & internal environments. identify the right incumbents with high potential for all positions. so as to secure super achievers & nurture them to excel in there. through the following measures:  Ensure a high degree of selectivity in recruitment of employees/trainees explicitly on Criteria of their knowledge. It shall endeavor to uphold the dignity of individuals.      Impact such induction. Contribute towards health & welfare of employees. Recognize worthy contributions in time & appropriately so as to maintain a high level of employee’s motivation & morale.

2-MARKETING DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MARKETING DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING SALES & MARKETING MANAGER REGIONAL MANAGER FIELD MANAGERS REPRESENTATIVES Table-3. One of the shortest definitions of marketing are “meeting needs profitably”. communicating and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stake holders” 35 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .`3.2 MARKETING Marketing deals with identifying and meeting human and social needs. AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION offers the formal definition of marketing “Marketing is an organizational function and a set of processes for creating.

36 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .com/2011/the-4-ps-of-marketing-the-marketing-mix-strategies/ PRODUCT: The following features of the products are considered before releasing a product for sale. Marketing mix Marketing mix is defined as the set of marketing tools the firm uses to pursue its marketing objectives.3 Source: http://business-fundas. Quality Brand Packing Legal Aspects. McCarthy classified these tools into 4 broad groups called 4 P’s of marketing: Table-3. delivering and communicating superior customer value. meeting and growing customers through creating.MARKETING MANAGEMENT Marketing Management can be defined as the art and science of choosing target markets and getting.

Samyu glass uses different modes of media vehicle to reach the people such as: Magazines 37 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . which they create for sale. Ltd. Adopts various types of sales promotion tools like discounts. and sometimes company sends their dealers and distributors on tour in Darjeeling. Ltd. stockiest and retailers and sales force. Samyu Glass Pvt. the perceived value of the offering will be low and it will be unlikely to be adopted. invites contract of advertisement to private agencies. If the price outweighs the perceived benefits for an individual. chances of trial and adoption of the product is much greater.PRICE: The price is the simply amount a customer pays for the product. but if the benefits are perceived as greater than their costs. Shiliguri. gifts. Samyu Pvt. Sikim etc. PROMOTION: Promotion is a communication process for informing the customer and company about the product. which look after all the functions regarding advertising. It covers also adoption of method for increasing sales by motivation of customers. other incentives.

triple or quadruple gobs are available throughout the world. production department takes on a very decorative position in the entire array of company affairs. 8.3-PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING PRODUCTION MANAGER PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR WORKER Table-3. and 10 sections operating double gobs are now available and in operation in India. INDIVIDUAL SECTION (I.S. there are number of individual sections. duel. The largest machine has 12 sections. The production department is concerned with the planning and organization of the production system. Machines working either single.) MACHINE Individual Section (I. During the initial years of production of this machine there were only four sections.) machine produced first time in 1925 is now used all over the world as the most dominant machine for bottle and jar production.3. production planning and organization as well as overall capacity utilization. In this machine. 38 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The number of sections in a machine depends on the size of the orders expected.5 In Samyu Glass Private Limited. It is responsible with the overall situation of the plant And the machinery.S. Machines with 6.

Individual Section machine does not rotate. The moulds stay in the same position and just open and close. A transfer arm pivoted between a blank and blow mould transfers the parison from one mould to another.

MECHANISM
1. Shear Mechanism 2. Scoop Mechanism 3. Funnel Mechanism 4. Baffle Mechanism 5. Plunger Mechanism 6. Neckring Mechanism 7. Invert Mechanism 8. Blowhead Mechanism 9. Vertiflow Mechanism The Operation of making glasses: 1. Shear mechanism - shears the gob 2. Scoop mechanism - guides the gob 3. Mould opening & closed mechanism - Blank mould closed 4. Funnel mechanism – guides the gob in required shape 5. Baffle mechanism – ‘ON’ operation 6. Plunger mechanism – ‘ON’ 7. Counter blow operation 8. Settle blow operation 9. Neckring mechanism - Parison transfer to blow mould 10. Blow head mechanism - Final blow 11. Take-out mechanism – takes the bottle to the machine conveyor

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SHEAR MECHANISM
The shear mechanism consists mainly of two sector gears, two arms and bracket. The shear blades are fixed on the shear arms. The function of the shear mechanism is to shear the gobs in proper shape and size for the container making process.

SCOOP MECHANISM
The scoop mechanism consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement. The purpose of scoop mechanism is to supply the gob to the different sections of the I.S. machine for glass formation.

FUNNEL MECHANISM
The funnel mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder. The arm is dipped in an oil well and the ‘OFF’ operation is spring controlled. The purpose of funnel mechanism is to hold the funnel arm and to guide the gob in the required shape to the blank mould.

Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 33% during downstroke and 35% during upstroke

         

Less mold equipment wear Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for funnel mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Integrated cushioning ring Permanent lubrication Precise mechanism movement

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BAFFLE MECHANISM
A baffle mechanism consists of a long piston and rod and a cylinder. The twisting of the baffle of the baffle arm is achieved by a cam provided at the bottom of the cylinder. The function of the baffle mechanism is to hold the parison while giving counter blow and then to give the settle blow.
     

Faster Baffle operations Improved alignment between blank molds and baffles Less wear on mold equipment Improved motion and repeatability of baffle arm Prolonged service life of the baffle mechanism 60% less force on the baffle mechanism creates smoother baffle operation No baffle arm overlap into adjacent section in the "Off-Position"

    

Equal settle blow air pressure build-up in all cavities Quick-Change Baffle Head reduces job-change time Quick conversion capabilities (SG / DG / TG) Improved operating safety Compatibility with existing mold equipment

PLUNGER MECHANISM
The function of plunger mechanism is to provide the counter blow air for parison formation and to give the plunger ‘ON’ movement for the formation of the neck of the glass container. It consists of a piston and cylinder arrangement.
     

For Precision Parison Forming Quick Exchange for Different Processes Low Friction Design for Narrow Neck Press & Blow Precise Plunger Alignment Improved Plunger Cooling Improved Efficiency and Reduced Job-Change time

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The function of the blow head mechanism is to provide the final blow air for the complete formation of the bottle in the blow mould cavity. The function of invert mechanism is to rotate the neckring mechanism for parison transfer. which are air operated. The function of neckring mechanism is to hold the neckring and to transfer the ware than the blank mould to the blow mould. Cartridge valve       Predictable cooling helps produce more consistent container quality Reduced cooling time leads to potential for higher production speed Easier mold change helps reduce down time Fumes carried away thus providing better working environment No heat load on section helps increase mechanism life Conversion of VertiFlow Molds to use of existing mold stock BLOWHEAD MECHANISM The blow head mechanism consists of a piston and rod and a cylinder.     50% higher cooling efficiency Easier handling at job change Rigid design Well proven damper cylinder INVERT MECHANISM The invert mechanism consists of a racked piston and a cylinder. 42 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The end operations are cushioned by two hydraulic cartridges. The cam is immersed in an oil well.NECKRING MECHANISM The neckring mechanism consists of a splined shaft and two cylinders. The cam and cam roller movement determines the swing of the arm.

The Production Process Glass Melting The furnace melts cullet (crushed. The function of the vertiflow mechanism is to provide the cooling air for the cooling of the blow moulds in an I.300 and 2.800° F. Plungers intercept the stream of molten glass from the forehearth and cuts gobs individually by mechanical shears.Blow head arms  Improved cam design resulted in speed increase up to 37% during down stroke and 24% during upstroke          Less wear on blow head arms and blow heads Prolonged mechanism service life Reduced inventories for blow head mechanism and spare parts Greater maintenance convenience Compatibility with existing mold equipment Externally accessible ball check valves Enlarged air passages Optimized upstroke piston rod cushioning Integrated air and lubrication piping VERTIFLOW MECHANISM The vertiflow mechanism consists of an air chamber and a damper. Furnace Control systems monitors and controls firing temperature. Molten glass is conditioned in the forehearth and its temperature gradient is equalized to ensure uniform temperature homogeneity. and other raw materials together. soda ash. Gob Distribution At the end of the furnace. recycled glass). limestone. The gob distributor then routes the gobs into blank moulds at the I.S Machine. Molten glass usually ranges in temperature between 2.S. machine. which is air operated. sand. 43 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . the glass stream is distributed to different forehearth for the respective production line.

where compressed air and vacuum are applied. Bottle Filling A completely hygienic process throughout all the pipe works and valves are stainless steel the only flexi hoses on the site are between tanker and intake bay. The resultant invisible combined coating gives a virtually unscratchable surface to the glass. a layer of polyethylene wax. protecting it from scratching and stopping containers from sticking together when they are moved on a conveyor. Cold End Inspection All containers are monitored regularly throughout the production process and the end product is subject to exhaustive computer. It is then transferred to molded side. stretching & cooling the parison to exact inner cavity profile of the mould. mechanical and manual checks to ensure it passes the most stringent health and safety standard requirements. Flavored Alcoholic Beverages and soft drinks can be made from concentrate or from a recipe. forming the final shape of the container.Container Forming Gobs of glass are delivered to blank moulds to form a parison. is applied via a water based emulsion. foreign inclusions called stones. 44 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Product can be processed at sales gravity or high gravity product then diluted and carbonated. Annealing Lehr The glass containers are then submitted through a special type of oven called a Lehr designed specifically for annealing glass. This makes the glass slippery. Rejected containers are recycled back into the furnace. The ring finish and internal bore are created. Cold End Coating After annealing. making the glass much more durable. Typical faults flagged up in this process include small cracks in the glass called checks. This process relieves the internal stresses. called blisters and thin glass. laser. bubbles in the glass. electronic. Glass is heated to the annealing point and then slowly cooled to room temperature.

Storing & preservation of materials & products. Warehousing The Pallets of Container Glass move along a railing system into the automated warehouse. Handling. Implementation of storing/handling instruments. Cases ranging from 4 to 30 bottles. Identification of resource requirement and provision of adequate resource. Roles of Production department in Samyu Glass Pvt. Monitor and review of manufacturing activities with the shop supervisors to achieve targets. All individually racked. neck though packs and tray and shrink wrapping are all options that are available. All pallets remain in storage until distribution to the customer or directed to the in-house filling lines. This involves a hood type film being placed over the pallet before being heated until the pallet contents are in a compact unit ensuring minimal movement of the product in transit.Packaging Depending on Customer requirements the final product can be packed in a multitude of ways. 45 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Palleting & Wrapping Glass containers are staked automatically on pallets and separated by cardboard into rows before going undergoing the shrink wrapping process. packaging integrity is maintained. Ltd.       Creating awareness among department personnel. Participation in design review when necessary. To monitor and ensure safety precautions are adhered to during production activities. Quality assurance department will be provided information by production department for traceability of products. Responsibilities of Productions Department Heads:    To schedule the production program to achieve the set targets.

Interacting with customers and updating the production status. If this occurs it may not be possible to meet production targets for extended periods.       To co-operate with engineering department for any design modification or rework activities during production. Motivate the workers. To identify the requirements of production resources tools and fixture for effective production shop floor. if R&D is late in developing a new product the loss in income to the company may be severe. 46 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . The relationship between R&D and Production is also very important. To ensure optimum work in progress in the shop floor with the co-ordination from the procurement team. To study and improve the stator pressing process in co-ordination with shop supervisors and engineering department.

To reach this objective. said to be the circulatory system of the economic body of the firm. The central feature of the financial department is the formulation of the firm’s strategy in determining the most effective use of funds and selecting the most favorable sources of additional funds that the firm would require in future. therefore. the firm purchases. Finance is. organizes and manages various factors of production. The major objective of any business firm is to make profit for its proprietor.4-FINANCE DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING FINANCE MANAGER ACCOUNTANT OPERATIONAL PERSONS Table-3.9 “Money makes many things happen. and then produces the output to sell.3. apart from the primary objective of enhancing long-term shareholder value. which relates to management of cash and credit. Financial management is the administrative function.” goes the saying and obviously financial management is the one of the four important areas of the management. and all these processes require funds. 47 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

merchandise. The goal of working capital management is to manage the firm’s current assets and liabilities in such a way that a satisfactory level of working capital is maintained. stores. the current liabilities and interrelationship that exist between them. Planning and forecasting Coordinating of other deportment Source: http://www. report the facts to management and make recommendations concerning future operations. inventories of raw materials. In accounting.com WORKING CAPITAL: Working capital is that position of the assets of a business which are used in or related to current operations and represented at any one time by operating cycle of such items as against receivables. Establish and maintain a system of financial control governing the allocation and use of the funds. notes or bills receivables and cash. Working Capital Management involves both setting working capital policy and carrying out that policy in day to day operations. work in progress and finished goods. 48 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .Function of Financial Management: The function and responsibility of the finance and account wings include the following:       Analyze the financial results of all operation. WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT: Working Capital Management is concerned to manage the current assets.managementstudyguide. working capital is the difference between the inflow and outflow of funds (net cash inflow). Develop the best plans to obtain the external funds needed Determine the financial resource required to meet the corporation operating and capital expenditure program.

It is the process of establishing long term quality goals &defining the approach to meet these goals SOURCES OF SHORT TERM FINANCING Credit SOURCES OF LONG TERM FINANCING 49 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . FINANCING DECISIONS: Financing decisions also called as Capital Structure decisions are concerned with selection of various sources of financing and their appropriate mix. it is concerned with allocation or deployment of funds among various short term and long term assets. STRATEGY: The company follows the long term & short term strategy for all departments. It covers both Debt (External) and Equity (Internal) sources of financing.MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT INVESTMENT DECISIONS: Investment decisions refer to selection of various assets on which funds are invested. In short it is concerned with asset mix decision. It involves the study of internal and external sources of financing.

monthly once petty cash transactions reconcile with main accounts. Legal and professional charges. II. The function relating to purchases include making payment to supplier. IV. VI. STATE BANK OF INDIA. BANK OF INDIA. is as Follows:          Preparation of budget. SYNDICATE BANK. appropriation of accounts. Sales Tax. Income Tax etc 50 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . vehicles. company hire Purchase system for purchasing material. UCO BANK Major function of finance department at Samyu Glass Pvt. printing and stationary expenses. III. getting the Discounting allowed by the supplier and takes the advantage of cash advance being received by the customers.e. All the cash and bank transaction disbursement made through corporate office. But factory units are maintaining small petty cash transaction. audit fees. machineries and equipment. ANDHRA BANK. charges like payment of Interest on loan. The company maintaining banking account in different branches: I. AXIS BANK. V. Company is also getting income from interest through Bank Deposit. The functions relating to its entire obligation like salary to employee’s payment of rent. vehicle etc. surrenders a savings.The company is maintaining centralized cash system. Operation and maintenance. interest on working capital loan. bank charges and other interest. re-appropriations. Ltd. purchase Tax.  Administration of Taxes i.

MATERIAL MANAGEMENT is a specific scientific technique concerned with planning.5 MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT: STRUCTURE OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING MATERIAL DEPARTMENT MANAGER FACTORY MANAGER STORE SUPERVISOR Table-3. Organizing.6 It is concerned with planning. controlling flow of materials from their initial purchase to destination. 51 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .3. organizing. controlling the flow of materials from their initial Purchase through internal operation to the service point distribution.

premium freight. The major issues that all materials departments face is incorrect bills of materials. unreported Scrap. Sub-contracts. receiving errors. The materials accounted in receiving stores and bills are prepared thus the receiving stores prepared report. and production reporting errors. schedules at an Economic cost. housekeeping so that the material handling. and often inventory adjustments. shipping errors. Materials Department have striven to determine how to manage these issues in the business sectors of Manufacturing 52 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . receipt and issue can be done adequately. Challenges for Material Management Department: The major challenge that materials departments face is maintaining a consistent flow of materials for production. inaccurate cycle counts. System and Advance Adopted In Material Department: The stores are concerned with receipt issue and storage of materials at the store deportment Receives a copy of the production order from production control department these are maintained in chronological sequence for guide reference.To exercise purchase budget control based on the material requirement: on the purchase requirement of MMD. material preservation Stocking. There are many factors that inhibit the accuracy of inventory which results in production shortages. OUT” (FIFO) the nursing materials are kept for six months in two stores deportment. A separate place is available to keep the rejected materials to be returned back to that particular supplier or sub contractor.

Ltd. In Samyu Glass daily. Waste disposal. Maintenance Department at Samyu Glass follows preventive. organizing and directing the resources in Order to control the availability and performance of the industrial plants to some specified level. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE. monthly maintenance activities are carried on. 53 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . predictive such as flux meter (measuring of Light). weekly. Prudhvi. PLANNED MAINTENANCE. MAINTENANCE TYPE BREAK DOWN OR CORRECTIVE MAINTENACE. and this department is concerned with maintaining the healthy condition of the Machines and equipment of the company for regular operations. sound meter etc as well as some times break down maintenance too. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE. PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE. MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: Maintenance department in Samyu Glass Pvt. Head Technician.MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT Maintenance management is concerned with planning. worked under the control of Mr. temperature.

3. have been purchased from state-registered companies. 54 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Samyu Glass is one such industry whose priority is not to be number one in quantity but in quality and reliability Samyu glass Pvt. Product samples are taken by professional researchers who update the daily report book in order to monitor the quality of the output and the efficiency of the operation.such as the strength and quality of the limestone and flashy used. It is fully equipped and capable of all chemical. Practical operation and management of the laboratory. such as chemicals and measuring equipment. physical and mechanical testing of glass. all stages of the cement manufacturing process and capacity modifications are supervised by the Plant laboratory . In this modern & competitive world each & every company is training hard to introduce quality products. cement silos. Laboratory is fully equipped with German technology of the highest standards. The Plant laboratory technician is responsible for the implementation of quality standards. raw mix Viscosity. All the necessary supplies. QUALITY POLICY OF SAMYU GLASS PRIVATE LIMITED: The Plant laboratory is certified by the State Professional Inspection Agency. LTD.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE DEPARTMENT AT SAMYU GLASS PVT. Ltd. There are very skilled & smart employees who actively take part in Quality improvement. It is all pervasive. limestone silos. Using modern computer-monitoring equipment. cement crushers. The factory functions in compliance with ISO 9000 (MNS ISO 9001:2000. MNS ISO/IEC 17025) quality control system. tries to see that the quality of a product is ensured by the total Investment of all workers. product testing and efficiency evaluation. INTRODUCTION: Quality is the fitness to end use.

TYPICAL QUALITY CONTROL STEPS: Table-3.8 Input from Quality Control Data Gathering Problem Trend Analysis Process Identification Process Analysis 55 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .7 Problem Identification Problem Analysis Problem correction Feedback to Quality Assurance TYPICAL QUALITY ASSURANCE STEPS: Table-3.

To ensure that the appropriate validations are done. test methods and other Quality Control Procedure. To approve specifications. premises and equipment.RESPONSIBILITY OF QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT: To evaluate batch records. To ensure that all necessary testing is carried out. 56 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . sampling instructions. To check the maintenance of the department. To ensure that the required initial and continuing training of his department personnel is Carried out and adapted according to need.

Such as: Etc SWOT analysis is just one method of categorization and has its own weaknesses. For example. SWOT analysis may also be used in pre-crisis planning and preventive crisis management. governmental units. and organization in key areas. Strength & Weakness are essentially internal to the organization and relate to the organization And relate to the matter concerning resources.SWOT Analysis of SAMYU GLASS PVT LIMITED SWOT Analysis explores the relationship between the environmental influences and the strategic Capabilities of an organization compared to its competitors. Such as: Opportunity & Threat are the external to the organization & can exist or develop in the Following areas. SWOT analysis May be used in any decision-making situation when a desired end-state (objective) has been Defined. and individuals. 57 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . weak opportunities may appear to balance strong threats. programs. it May tend to persuade companies to compile lists rather than think about what is actually Important in achieving objectives. Examples include: non-profit organizations. The usefulness of SWOT analysis is not limited to profit-seeking organizations. The importance of SWOT is revealed By the value of the strategies it generates. A SWOT item that generates no strategies is not Important. SWOT analysis may also be used in creating a recommendation during a viability study survey. It also presents the resulting lists uncritically and without clear Prioritization so that. for example.

• Shortage of electricity • Low labor productivity. • Safety and environmental factors are also important factors. • Higher taxes as compared.e. OPPORTUNITIES • Changing customer preferences. • Decades of experience with many of the existing firms WEAKNESSES • Energy cost includes power consumption and running cost of furnaces. this segment is highly competitive. especially for food products due to inert properties of glass. the main fuel for heating the furnace • Cartelization of the three major companies supplying soda ash. food etc.STRENGTHS • Availability of raw materials • Ever increasing market demand. Thus. • Low price Chinese products available in India are causing production of some products like chandeliers unviable. • Better quality products being manufactured as compared to competitors • Latest technologies being used • Labor Intensive • Glassware industry is driven by user segment manufacturing chemicals. • Lack of financial support for working capital requirements. 58 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . demanding and well integrated with global trends. • Huge potential in the domestic market especially for kitchenware as the lifestyles are becoming more modern • Scope of growth in exports due to better quality being offered by domestic manufacturers and reputation of the firms THREATS • Cost incompetitiveness • Shortage of natural gas i. thus leading costs escalations. • Glassware serves as best option for packaging industry.

SUGGESTIONS In the light of the major findings observed above. 3. Safety Observation Tours (SOT) conducted ones in a sixth month by all line managers. As the training programmers inspire creativity/innovation there should be at least one training programs in a year for all groups of employees.e. the following suggestions have been made for improving the quality of training practices at Samyu glass and for excelling the performance of the operating staff of cement industry in general and Samyu’s in particular: 1. 6. etc 5. Most of the employees do not get the opportunity to attend training from the external agencies hence efforts should be made to include such employees. To make the current training method (i. 4. it should be backed up by improved methods like demonstration. the authorities concerned should make efforts to include relaxation techniques as yoga. Conducting Behavioral Safety Training programmes for workers at plant. it should be borne in mind that training in the above should be made available from the competent professionals. Samyu glass Pvt. pranayama. role play. 7. lecture) a grand success. To combat stress at the workplace. limited has to adopt new methods and strategies in its manufacturing and marketing area & it will make some profit in short while. 59 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . simulation. India has well and valuable resource . 8. etc. in the regular training programs. audio/video tapes. Samyu glass has to make proper utilization of the same. In train period modern and attractive style and systems are needed “In training and Development”. 2. meditation. However.

and where this is example like induction program which is created positive impression. Now day’s construction and Infrastructure industries are booming in our country. I hope this occasion will make Samyu Glass Pvt. The understanding of each and every department gives the practical experience about all the theoretical aspects that are studied. Limited huge profit & transform the position of Samyu Glass in a top level in Packaging and Glass industry. 60 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT . Over all study of the organization helps in knowing the interrelation between the entire department and their role in helping the organization to attain its goals. Even the organization to function well requires the support of so many hands. So. Samyu Glass Pvt. Limited has huge opportunities in future. The organizational study of Samyu has helped me to get the deep insight of all the functional departments and their unique role in fulfilling the organizational goals. It also helped me in experiencing the practicality of the theoretical knowledge that is a part of our curriculum.Conclusion: The organization study is really helps to get a clear idea about functions of the organizations.

61 THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT .

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