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ri

Jept. of Mechanical Engg.-

NIT Raipur'

TE,CH-E,D
(S

EXPERIMEI\TAL WATER COOLER


AtrM:

SYSTEM COMPONENTS:
01

compressor

- make: EMERSON,

Model: KCE461HAE P'470


15

02. Rotameter -make: sun flow, Size:

to 150 cclsec

03. Filter Drier -DM-50


04. Energy meter - make: BENTEX, Type: ac 1ph, 2wre static, 3200 irnp/kwh,

05. Pressure/compound gauges 06. Digital Temperature Indicator


07. Thermocouple selector switch
-,1?9

19;f-f?_9',C

08. Thermocouples - k type (CrlAl) 09. DP switch for mains


10. Water cooler -make: USHA, Model
.1 SP60720, size 1090 x 660 x 560mm

1.

condenser fan -make: ROLLWELL MOTORS, 1/35HP

Eryterimentaf glater Cookr'Iest frig

Dept. of Mechanical Engg.- NIT Raipur'


") L

TE,CH-E,D
a 1
J
i

,]
l i

--'----l

Condenser

l.

_. :._ .-.

i
I

Compressor
i i
I :

Expansion device
i
I

-.

1l I

-.

-l
l

Evaporator

i---:-,..-.-.-l
,A a

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF VAPOI]R COMPRESSION CYCLE

The standard vapour compression cycle consists of following process:

i.
2.

process-2 r-epresents reversible adiabatic compression from saturated vapoul' to the condenser pressure or superheated vapour'
proces

s 2-3 represents

reversible heat rejection at constant pressure, de

preheating and condensation.

3. process 3-4 represents ineversible constant enthalpic expansion from


saturated liquid to the evaporator pressure'

4. process 4-I represents reversible heat addition at constant


(Evaporation to saturated vapour)

pressure

The refiigerants such a R-12,

W,4:11-++

(commerciaily known as fi'eons) are

u.sed as working medium because refrigeration cycles

of their properlies, which are required at

le

lF.4p erim ent a

I W at er C o o [er te s t frig

Dept. of Mechanical Engg.- NIT Raipur

TECH-ED

Thermocouple Details

: T2 : T3 :
T1

Temp.of refrigerant at inlet of compressor Temp.of refrigerant at outlet of compressor


Ternp.of refrigerant at outlet of condenser

T4:

Temp.of refrigerant at outlet of expansion


Water Inlet temperature Water outlet temperature

: T6 :
T5
-G"-

Let

P1

,P2be pressure,

hr,h2, h3 and h4 be the specific enthalpies of the refiigerant (R-12, p.-zz, R- 134a
etc) respectively. These are to be found out fiom relevant p-h chart

1. (h2-h1) denotes the compressor work input

2. h3 : h4 (throttling process is arso a constant Enthalpy

process)

3. (hl-h4)
C.O.P

is the enthalpy rise on the evaporator i.e. the refrigeration effect

theoretical

lr1

-h4

h2

-hr

Units of h- KJ/KG

E4perirnentaf,Vy'ater

Co o fer

test frig

Jept. of Mechanical Engg.- NIT Raipur

TE,CF{.E,I)

{'
ti

CALCULATIONS:

il
It

h1

-h4

h2 From l34a chart,

-hr
cor:responding to pressure P1 & temperature T1

hi : Enthalpy inkJ/kg
(Vapour Phase)
h3

:
:

Enthalpy in kJ/kg corresponding to pressure PZ 8. tetnperature T3

But, h3 : h4
h2

Enthalpy in kJ/kg corresponding to pressure P2 & temperatuteT2

coP

T1
"nrnot

T2

*TI

Temperature of refiigerant @

T1

: T2 :

inlet of compressor in degree K


outlet of compressof in degree K

lE4yterimentaf 9/ater

Coo

fer'lest frig

rr;t!-1i1'1:15:i.: ,,1-..- r ,i

r.

Dept. of Mechanical Engg.- NIT Raipur

TE,CH.trI)

7 .:t

Actual COP
]l

COP
i
ii

(actuar)

:a_:
w

Actual Refri. Effect Compressor input

Actual Refrigeration / Cooling Effect

a
Where,

mw X cprv (T5

- T6)..'....'

IU/sec (kW)

mw: Mass of water: Rota meter reading(F) x 3600x10-6x1000


Co*

: 4.18 KJ/kg dg k T5 : Water Inlet temPerature T6 : Water outlet temperature

'W:
Where, n

nx3600

txEmc

: no. of impulses of energy meter t: time taken Emc : energy tneter constant :3200 imp/kWh
Relative COP
COP
(relative)

COP
COP

rn.tuutt

(theor.eticat)

(Eryt erimenta

['(ilater

Co o

fer

test frig

Dept. of Mechanical Engg.- NIT Raipur.

TE,CH-EI)

TABULAR COLUM]\

Sl.No

P1 Psi
,,ts\t

P2 psi
't -.
ii ''t
i1',

T1 oc
4 rrj

T2 oc
ii
it .' ,,
.

T3 oc

T4 oc
-"-:1r:"

T5 oc
1).-. r )'",

T6 oc

Time taken in sec. for 5 impulse


I *1

F
cc/sec

Duration

';,

tilr

"t '.

",:f '*''r

I Ii

;l

:i.lf

J:

.,l

Eryterimentaf,lilater

Coo

kr test ftig