Welfare means faring or doing well. it is a comprehensive term , and refers to the physical, mental, moral and emotional well-being of an individual. Further, the welfare is a relative concept, relative in time and Space, it, therefore varies from time to time and from country to country.

Employee welfare, also referred to as betterment work for employees, relates to taking care of the well-being of workers by employers, trade unionsand government and non government agencies. It is rather difficult to define the term employee welfare

precisely because of the relatively of the concept. Reported the Royal commission on Employee. Employee welfare is comprehensive terms including various sources Facilities and amenities provided to employee for their betterment. These facilities generally do not result in monetary to the employees. Welfare facilities may be provided not only by employees but also by the government trade unions and other agencies too.

The central government has taken special interest in employee welfare activities after the emergence of India as a republic. The government has enacted various laws from time to time to promote the welfare activities.




Cement is a key infrastructure industry. It has been decontrolled from price and distribution on 1st March, 1989 and deli censed on 25th July, 1991. However, the

performance of the industry and prices of cement are monitored regularly. The constraints faced by the industry are reviewed in the Infrastructure Coordination Committee meetings held in the Cabinet Secretariat under the Chairmanship of Secretary (Coordination). performance is also reviewed by the Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure. Its

Capacity and Production

The cement industry comprises of 125 large cement plants with an installed capacity of 148.28 million tonnes and more than 300 mini cement plants with an estimated capacity of 11.10 million tonnes per annum. The Cement Corporation of India, which is a Central There are 10 large cement plants owned by

Public Sector Undertaking, has 10 units. various State Governments. 159.38 million tones.

The total installed capacity in the country as a whole is

Actual cement production in 2002-03 was 116.35 million tones as

against a production of 106.90 million tones in 2001-02, registering a growth rate of 8.84%. Keeping in view the trend of growth of the industry in previous years, a production target of 126 million tones has been fixed for the year 2003-04. During the period AprilJune 2003, a production (provisional) was 31.30 million tones. The industry has achieved a growth rate of 4.86 per cent during this period. 2

Apart from meeting the entire domestic demand, the industry is also exporting cement and clinker. The export of cement during 2001-02 and 2003-04 was 5.14 million tones and

6.92 million tones respectively. Export during April-May, 2003 was 1.35 million tones. Major exporters were Gujarat Ambuja Cements Ltd. and L&T Ltd.

Recommendations on Cement Industry
For the development of the cement industry ‘Working Group on Cement Industry’ was constituted by the Planning Commission for the formulation of X Five Year Plan. The Working Group has projected a growth rate of 10% for the cement industry during the plan period and has projected creation of additional capacity of 40-62 million tones mainly through expansion of existing plants. The Working Group has identified following thrust areas for improving demand for cement; (i) (ii) (iii) Further push to housing development programmers; Promotion of concrete Highways and roads; and Use of ready-mix concrete in large infrastructure projects.

Further, in order to improve global competitiveness of the Indian Cement Industry, the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion commissioned a study on the global competitiveness of the Indian Industry through an organization of international repute, viz. KPMG Consultancy Pvt. Ltd. The report submitted by the organization has made several recommendations for making the Indian Cement Industry more competitive in the international market. The recommendations are under consideration.


Technological change
Cement industry has made tremendous strides in technological up gradation and assimilation of latest technology. At present ninety three per cent of the total capacity in the industry is based on modern and environment-friendly dry process technology and only seven per cent of the capacity is based on old wet and semi-dry process technology. There is tremendous scope for waste heat recovery in cement plants and thereby reduction in emission level. One project for co-generation of power utilizing waste heat in an Indian cement plant is being implemented with Japanese assistance under Green Aid Plan. The induction of advanced technology has helped the industry immensely to conserve energy and fuel and to save materials substantially. India is also producing different varieties of cement like Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC), Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement (PBFS), Oil Well Cement, Rapid Hardening Portland Cement, Sulphate Resisting Portland Cement, White Cement etc. Production of these varieties of cement conform to the BIS Specifications. It is worth mentioning that some cement plants have set up dedicated jetties for promoting bulk transportation and export.


Management is the art of getting the work done by the people. therefore ift is necessary to seek the co-operation of the employee for a in order to increase the production and to higher profits. helps to improve the conditions of the employees.. The co-operation of employees is possible only when they are satisfied with employees and the workers on the job. It helps welfare activities in Vishnu cements Ltd. Good welfare and welfare facilities measures enables the employees and his family to a good welfare facilities like housing medical and children education.. recreation etc. in order to motivating employees of the form through the study. Employee’s welfare measures leads to high morals and high productivity and help to raise the standards of the industry in the county. I have selected this topic because it very challengeable topic to go through various employees felling on depth about diffcuties of employees and various activites in the welfare department 5 .NEED FOR STUDY : Cement industry has to play important role in the structural changes of the country.

Employee welfare is having a wider scope and may have indifferent countries depending upon the socio-economic conditions.THE SCOPES OF EMPLOYEE WELFARE IS :  To enrich better quality of wok life. political outlook and social philosophy.  To reduce absenteeism.  To improve the efficiency of work  To enhance the productivity. 6 .  To make employee work contribute systematically to the nation’s economy.  To enhance the purchasing and serving capacity of the employees.  To minimize the employee force.  To enrich industrial relation and industrial peace  To raise the physical standards of the workforce.

 To evaluate and analyzed the options and views of the employees about the welfare facilities..OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY : The objective of the present study are :  To examine various welfare activities in VISHNU CEMENTS LTD.  To evaluate the effectiveness of the welfare measures that are presently being implemented in realizing the objective of employee about the welfare facilities. To study the importance of welfare measures and policies in the organisation 7 .

The study is done by conservation with various employees of various departments and specially welfare department. records of the company. 8 .METHODOLGY : The relevant Data information was collected from two sources primary data and secondary data. magazines and journals. Secondary data was collected through various sources such as published annual reports. Primary data was collected through questionnaire and by observations.

LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY : They were no significant limitations while conducting the survey but 1. For detailed study. which forms a basis for analysis. 5. hence time is the limiting factor. 4. Some employees had problem in under standing the questions were I have to Explain them. Many of the respondents were not interested to express their views. 9 . Duration of the project study is very limited which is not sufficient 2. The re ports presented by the firm. may be core limitation to the study. 3. which took a lot of time.

distribution and price of cement and this damped the growth of the cement industry. In 1997. Under this policy.28 million tones. the government announced that 12 percent post tax returned on net worth was fairy enough and retention prices would be fixed to ensure it. all existing cement units were required to give up to 66. The balance production was treated ‘non levy cement’ and was allowed to be sold in the market at the ruling prices. however. made in 1912-1930 when three companies were formed. An event of significant importance from the long term point of view has been the process of consolidation and measures and acquisitions witnessed in the cement industry 10 .6 percent of there installed capacity as levy at controlled price. By the time the plant started. This provided an initial momentum for investment in the industry. A real beginning was. The real impetus was provided when partial decontrol was announced in 1982. there were 21 factories with an annually capacity of 3.INDUSTRY PROFILE CEMENT INDUSTRY Manufacturing of the cement was first started in madras in 1904. The government had a complete control on the production.

Strain of getting cement permit had disappeared. when construction was planned the consumer had to prepare to get cement. the government of India announced delicensing of cement industry its impact can be seen from rapid changes in cement industry. competition among the players improved the quality of cement. But now. CEMENT INDUSTRY IN INDIA India cement industry the fourth largest in the world. The generated tremendous interests and within a decade nearly forty million tones capacity was added. The cement industry was one of the few industries liberalized in 1980’s.during recent period. The leaders are now finding economical to accrue an existing under ill-managed company rather than to float a new company. Before 1982. The capacity and production targets for the year 2005-06 are placed at 135 million tones and 113 million tones respectively. the government of India announced total decontrol of cement companies were free to sell there production at what ever the price the market would bear July 1991.000 crores comprising 59 companies with 117large companies and above 311 mini companies. The demand for cement is expected to reach 109 million tones during the terminal year of the ninth plan based on 8. the This Also in the 11 . even 6 to 8 months in advance and therefore he had to apply and wait for the permit.5 percent annual average growth rate. with a turnover of Rs. After observing the healthy development occurred because of the partial decontrol. Enjoying the status of being the first industry to be liberalized 16 years ago. improved the availability of the cement. which checked price raise.18.

the Andhra Pradesh total major cement units installed capacity was only 12. As on 31st march 1998. The entire Andhra Pradesh cement industry concentrated in the districts of Adilabad.. Out of approximate 90000 about 30000 million tones are available in Andhra Pradesh which account for 34 percent in the total limestone deposits.situation has tremendously changed. from pillar to post to get cement.60 12 . CEMENT INDUSTRY IN ANDHRA PRADESH Cement industry is the most important and the largest expending industry in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is having two lime stone deposits clusters viz. In these 18 large cement plants. only two cement units under public sector corporation i. Nalgonda. Andhra Pradesh cement industry started in 1939.e. The state stands first in the country so far as limestone deposits are concerned. There were two cement plants opened. Cuddappah which are having total lime stone reserves. It plays a vital role in development of state. yerraguntala and Nalgonda. 1998. There are major and 11 mini cement plants situated in Nalgonda districts.. cement corporation of India plants situated in Adilabad and Tandur in Ranga reddy districts. cement is available at the country. As on 31st March. one was at Vijayawada and the another was associated cement company’s plant in Tadepally. there are 8 large scale cement units with an installed capacity of 16 million tones and 24 mini cement ad grinding units with an installed capacity of three million tones producing various types of cement in Andhra Pradesh. In short. consumer today do not have to run. Andhra Pradesh is having all the necessary natural resources required to produce cement in large quantities. Guntur district in 1939.

Visakha cement plants started there operations with installed capacities of 2 and 1 million tones and the existent market leader Raasi cements limited. The mini cement plants sector also having an installed capacity of 2. This percentage increase is very low when compared to the national average i.87 million tones and further the consumption increased to 5..5 million tones where as the mini cement plants only producing the approximate 1. One more reason for this type of low growth rate was number of new plants and the existing plants.58 million tones. The cement configuration in the state has been observing steady growth. In 1997-98 and this figure has increased to 7 million tones by the end of 1998 because of the various developmental program taken up by the state government and the industry’s dynamic promotional activities. 8. In 1996-97 the cement consumption was only 4. The total production of entire Andhra Pradesh cement industry is approximate 12 million tones.87 million tones.million tones and this figure increased to 16 million tones at the end of this year because two major units Larsen and Turbo.5 million tones.e. The cement consumption of Andhra Pradesh is only 6 million tones. As far as production and consumption is concurrent. Andhra Pradesh cement industry’s performance increase its 5.29% and 8% respectively in the year 1996-97. In this the major cement plants contribution was 10. By the end of this year the total Andhra Pradesh cement industries installed capacity has reached to 18.5 million tones.5% because in this period there is no production activity from the newly erected plants as well as the existing plants which are increased there installed capacity. Expanding there capacity with another 20 million tones. which were increasing their capacities started there production in various parts of the country the cement exports from Andhra Pradesh observing on 13 .

000 tones of cement exported to Burma from Visakhapatnam.1996 the excise collection from the cement industry amounted to Rs. 36. 14 .from that of shortages and premiums just few years ago to that of surplus production now. 1. the total levies on cement per tone amount to as much as 66.8 per tones. the first two years observed some significant growth.35000 tones in 1993-94.5% of the total excise in that year according to the development council to the cement industry. after that a steady decreasing situation observed in the exports. However this surplus production has brought in its wake new problems like cut throat competition. high excise duty. sales tax.242 core which was 5. 2. After staring the exports in the year 1992-93. The effective burden on cement amounts to as much as Rs. Factory price excluding excise sales tax and freight. In 1997-98. In 1992-93. there is only 10. BURDEN OF HIGH TARIFFS The cement industry is facing high tariffs. The main problems of the cement industry are outlined below.extraordinary fluctuations. This is much higher as compared to the burden in the other countries making the Indian cement industry internationally uncompetitive. unremunarative prices and deepening financial crisis. In 1995 . PROBLEMS OF CEMENT INDUSTRY The above brief discussion shows that the cement scenario has undergone a sea change.200 tones exported to the Bangladesh and some other countries and this exports figure increased to 1. 35% of the retail price of cement and 47% of the ex. royalty lime stone and coal etc the excise duty on cement has been steadily rising.

also places those cement plants disadvantage which are located far from ports as they have to incur extra costs for doubling handling and freight. cement companies have been obliged is to make heavy investments in captive power generation and also auxiliary generation in wind forms. south and west India. POOR QUALITY OF COAL Coal is an important input in the cement industry and accounts for 15 – 20 % of cash expenses in the manufacture of cement. E & F grades of coal are supplied to these units. However this option in addition to involving expenditure of foreign exchange resources.2. This is all the more so as the production of cement is a continues process requiring uninterrupted power supply to operate efficiently. particularly in plants located in coastal areas. Power cuts. the emphasis on imports of coal is now increasing. On an average 250kg of coal is required to produce 1 tone of cement. Coal in India has to be moved over long distances of 1000 to 12000 km to some plants in north. The quality of coal supplied to cement units is also highly unsatisfactory as only D . There is a severe shortage of coal in the cement industry. THE POWER SHORTAGE Power is another important requirement and along with coal forms 40 percent of the total cost. 3. The ash cement in Indian coal is very high and this restricts production. To meet the twin problems of shortage of coal and poor quality of coal (due to high ash contents). unsteady and inadequate power supply from state electricity boards have created serious problems for cement units. To cope with the problem of power shortage. 15 .

4. The industry predominately depends on railways. in western region 91. The Indian railway has introduced ‘Own your wagon scheme’ where in cement companies have been allowed to purchase wagons. 5. due to financial constraints. cement dispatches by railway declined over the years. However. DEMAND CONSTRAINTS Till the year 1990-91. the demand for cement was mainly dependent on government spending as the government with a 40 percent off take was the single largest consumer of cement.9 percent. This has lead to some marginal improvement and has enabled the cement companies to tide over distribution bottlenecks. However the increase distribution cost is forcing companies to pass costs to the customers.2 16 . but due to shortage of wagons. in the eastern region 64.8 percent. UNDER UTILIZATION OF CAPACITY Under utilization of capacity is a recurrent future of cement industry. have given new hopes of substantial expansion in demand of cement. This resulted in a demand In recent years the quality of liberalization and the opening up of the infrastructure sector to the private sector and the foreign sector. the government was forced to cut down on a wide range of developmental activities. constraint. A study conducted by economic times bureau on capacity utilization of cement plants in the northern region was 72. TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS Transportation costs make up around 20 percent of the total cement price.

The following are the main objectives and Services of the CMA. CEMENT MANUFACTURING ASSOCIATION (C. This shows that under utilization of capacity is particularly marked in the cement plants located in the eastern region. CEMENT TECHNOLOGY In 1986.  To protect the Consumer interest 17 . 56 percent of the cement plants were employing the uneconomical wet processing. established in 1961 with 17 member companies. It is registered under the Societies Registration Act with its registered office in New Delhi and branch office Mumbai. these plants had a high cost of production not only this? On the basis of the cement production of 33 million tones achieved in 1985-86. and 800 million tones of electricity every year. Due to the high labor and maintenance costs and smaller size.A): Cement Manufacturing Association is the apex body of Cement manufactures in India.3 percent. One of the main factors according for low capacity utilization in this region has been the demand constraint. fuel efficient dry process plants. In recent year there has been a gradual shift from wet to modern. Both the Private and Public Sector cement units its members.percent and in the southern region 80.5 million tones of coal. now it has 57 cement companies as members having 115 cement plants. Main Objectives of CMA:  To promote the growth of the Cement Industry. there obsolete technology resulted in wastage of over 2.M.

 To identify newer applications of cement usage.  To establish contacts with similar bodies abroad for exchange of information. Industry 3. SERVICES: 1. Exports 4. data and publications. Publications 18 . Seminars / Workshops 5. Government 2.

It provides benefit not only to the owner of the company but also society and nation. iron ore. Besides. laterlite. The basic raw material for the manufacture of cement is limestone. become a source on Income to the Government which in turn be utilized for the benefit of the nation and provides Suppliers and service to the consumers. Central Excise duty.5% during 2003-2004 against 8.CEMENT INDUSTRY – AN INTRODUCTION The objective to establishment a company provides so many benefits. the main objective of earning profits. Besides limestone. Power. INTERNATIONAL LEADING CEMENT PRODUCERS ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LAFARGE HOLCIM CEMEX HEIDEL BERG 19 . coal forms major portion in the total cost of the production. Cess of limestone.7% during 2002-2003. Sales tax. making fee and railway freight. The cement industry in India witnessed a growth of 5. Cess on cement dispatches. It pay taxes ti the government in the form of Royalty. it creators employment to the unemployed. gypsum are used as additives.

S.56 11.69 17.62 0.5 0.83 18.58 14.09 3.13 3.82 10.31 4.2 0. of plants 21 14 10 11 13 8 9 8 8 5 3 3 4 3 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 128 Capacity(mn.04 1 0.52 17.2 0.COUNTRY WISE ITAL CEMENTI PLANTS INDIA: STATE WISE CEMENT PLANTS & CAPACITY.NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 State Andhra Pradesh Rajasthan Madhya Pradesh Gujarat Tamil Nadu Maharastra Chatisgarh Karnataka Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand Punjab Himachal Pradesh West Bengal Orissa Bihar Kerala Delhi Jammu & Kashmir Assam Meghalaya Hariyana TOTAL No.09 7.2 0.25 4.8 10.12 152.t) 21.12 LEADING CEMENT PRODUCING GROUPS IN INDIA 20 .57 4.

Maha 3.t / Anm 27.83 14. Gujarat 5.3) Western Central Southern Region: 29.3) ( Ultratech.62 Andhra Pradesh 21 .10 (Ultratech.65 22.96 47. Chandrapur.38 25.09 00.♦ ♦ ♦ ACC & GUJARAT AMBUJA GROUP GRASIM & ULTRA TECH GROUP INDIA CEMENT GROUP (ICL) D REGION WISE CEMENT PRODUCTION Region Northern Eastern Southern Mn. Pipavan.56 10.00 Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Karnataka Kerala 21.

CEMENT PRODUCTION  OPC  PPC  SLAG - 43% 48% 8% 1%  OTHER - PLANT CAPACITY UTILIZATION  SLAG - 8%  OTHER .2 Min.T RAASI Wadapalli 2.3 Min.1% INFRASTRUCTURE. 22 .T VARIETY WISE.T ZUARI Yerraguntala 2.3 Min.Plant Location Capacity ULTRATECH Tadipatri 2.

In addition. the total captive power generating capacity installed in cement industry was1748. 45. A majority of cement production operations depend exclusively on power. efficiency and out put depend mainly on the proper and adequate support from all these sectors.81 of the total production) in 200203. In fact its productivity. wind forms of capacity around 78 MW have been installed. As on 31st march 2004. power and railways for its smooth and efficient operation.04 million tones (38. cement units did not face much power problems. POWER: Production of cement is a continuous process and therefore needs interrupted power supply. cement Manufactures Association maintained close interaction with all the three government organization to secure their support and cooperation. During the year under review.63 MW. Most of the cement units have installed captive power plants to get uninterrupted and quality power. TRANSPORTATION: 23 .33 Million tones (39. In this light. During the year 2003-04.33% of total production in India) of cement was manufactured using captive power as against 44.Cement industry depends heavily on coal. Of this 65% is based on diesel and 35% on thermal.

additional member (Traffic).12. cement manufacturers Association. made various representations and also met the Chairman.00 cores. PROFILE OF THE ORGANIZATION: The project appraisal was completed in April 1984 at an estimated cost of Rs. executive Directors and other senior officials of the railway board and Zonal Railway. as well as the affected individual cements plants. For resolving the wagon shortage problem. Although the license was for the one million tones capacity. Size of cement plant. which could affect supply of cement to important ongoing construction projects and they causes series repercussions in the overall economy.It was very critical for certain cement plants owing to acute shortages of wagons for movement not only of cement and clinker but also coal and gypsum. The availability of wagons to cement plants in other parts of the country was more or less satisfactory. 65. The letter of indent for manufacture of one million come Portland cement per annum was transferred in the name of the company are converted into industrial license vide industrial license No.469(84) dated 31. it take about six months to stabilize the main plant namely Rotary Kiln was lighted up on 31st October 1986.normally for this the operations and to 24 . ministry of industries.1984 by the government of India. This problem was mainly due to railways giving topmost priority for coal movement to al the thermal power stations in the country and PDS movement. considering the high capital cost. the central production was commenced and entered in the market from 14th January 1987. the company was installed at 6 lakh tones capacity per annum. The transportation problems of these cements plants were compounded in the wake of the sudden restrictions imposed by various State Governments on the carrying of capacity of trucks. member (Traffic).

interruptions. The plant was established with a consistent production 24000 M.P pump  Reduction of cooler I.T. the final project cost had been increased to Rs. 250.solve all the initial teething troubles unfortunately when the plant was in the process of stabilization.P State Electricity Board imposed 60% power-cut and gradually increased up to 90%.20 cores.56 lakhs and as a result the production was increased from 2400 M. 75.P.270 KVA capacities each. tripping and stoppages and finally A.17 meters. fan impeller 25 . there had been frequent moves. UPGRADATIONS: I) various modifications taken place during the period 1990 to 1993 to enhance the production capacity of the plant with accost of Rs.38 lakhs from 2600M>T>s per day by  Increasing pre-calciner height from 5.s per day  Retrofitting of cooler ID fan impeller diameter  Reduction of cooler ID fan impeller diameter  Installation of desecration system for kiln feed V. the project had been completed by 31 st august 1987.D.15 meters to 6. Therefore.s per day during 1990 of Rs.T. Finally.. 101. As a result stabilization of the plant operations had taken an abnormal period and finally the management of the company decided to install four numbers of diesel generating sets of 2.s per day to 2600 M.s per day.T. fan impeller diameter  The production was enhanced from 2850M.  modification in R.T.S.

503. The issued. two numbers of Wartsilla power generators sets of 4MW capacity have been installed at a cost of Rs.1573.P fan  Retrofitting of cooler and kiln E.s per day due to 48  Installation of low pressure twin cyclones  Installation of high efficiency R.T.000 equity shares of Rs. 2800.100/. 26 .2485.22 lakhs.49 lakh ..each.II) In order to meet the power requirements and avoid power restrictions from A.00.10/.S.P. the paid up capital of the company is Rs.00 lakh during 1996-97.67 lakhs 2) Term loans from banks by Rs.42 lakhs. 1331. subscribed and called up capital of the company investamentary to 3400 M.E.01 lakhs.3150. III) The production capacity of the plants was further upgraded during 1997-1998 with and 2.00 lakhs. Secured Loans: 1) Cash credit including demand loans from banks by Rs.6.000.00 lakh in the form of 2. Unsecured Loans: 1) Trade deposits from dealers/ stockiest by Rs.P CAPITAL STRUCTURE: The Authorized capital of the company is Rs.S.1392.each any is Rs.S.2485.B. The company is having the reserves & Surplus in the capital structure by Rs. Besides the share holding and reserves & Surplus. the company is having the loans as.000 cumulative convertible preference shares of Rs.

42.015 7.) 7.198 5.292.01 719.200 10.535 6.556 8. ward”.T.681 6.OPERATIONS OF THE COMPANY: The company operations viz.15 -795.149 10.S.74.95. 27 .87. if won the “Arch of Europe 1987 Gpd. Kumudhen Joshi. production. sales and profit are tabulated below: Cement Production Year 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 (in lakhs) -723.04.03. Spain and also it won the award “industrial promotion selection Award. awarded by M/s. [resented by her excellence Smt.) 7. J ban. Madrid.T. then the Governor of Andhra Pradesh on 9th February. 1988” from the council for industrial & trade Development.198 6.822 6.68..408 -1.747 Profit/Loss (Rs.S. 1989.212 Cement Sales (in M.93 AWARDS: In recognition to the high standards of quality maintained for the cement manufactured by the company.36 34.291 8.69 -449.56.84.549 6.16.

may 2002. As a result.1999. The board enjoys a maximum possible operational autonomy consistent with the overall corporate objectives. The executives of the company discharge their duties with a team spirit on delegation of authority and individual accountability basis to achieve and targets as specified.QUALITY POLICY we are committed to supply of cement of consistent quality for enhancement of customer’s satisfaction and for continual improvement of the quality management system CHANGE IN THE MANAGEMENT: The India cement limited and its subsidiary namely ICL Securities Limited have acquired over 94% of the share capital of the company from the old management and also by way of open offers made to the share holders of the company. goals and strategies. As such. THE MANAGAMENT OF THE ORGANIZATION: The board of directors under the leadership of the chairman is managing the company. 2002 with The India Cements Limited and ICL securities Limited to acquire approximately 94. Zuari Cement Limited entered into a share Purchase Agreement on 10 th January.70% of the paid up equity share capital and also made on open offer to acquire remaining approximately 5. it acquires a the share holding control with effect from 27. the new management has taken over the share holding control with from 18th. it is obvious that the responsibility and authority to take decisions on the organization structure of the company below: 28 .30% of the paid share capital.12. polices. The directors and seniors executives are highly experienced and selected from various fields of specialization and are highly experienced.

This form is become a powerful tool and being used in decision making of giving promotions and increments. • • The selected suggestion will be implemented. the company had introduced a suggestion scheme and implementing continuously. In order to make the management staff to be more competitive and to update their skills. in writing and should drop it suggestion box meant for this purpose. SUGGESTIONS SCHEME: In order to bring out the skill of the individual employees. in the 29 . The salient features of this scheme are furnished below. the company had introduced a self-appraisal form. To keep the same to continue. • Any employee can give a suggestion. The selected suggestions will be award. • A team of professionals examinees the feasibility for implementing the suggestion gives fed back to the employees concerned.70 Management staff 167 Staff & workmen Casual labor 460 The company maintains almost industrial peace and gives duties importance to the employees emoluments. the company had entered into wage revision agreement with the Union of staff & workers during January 2004 for a period of three and half years and registered the same with the labor commissioner.

In the unmediated future particularly. before commencement of the working hours.. Shoes. Helmets. This has become even more strategic in the current phase of international development. Nose filters.• The employee. SAFETY: . the company provides safety tools viz. every year. the efforts of all those who work within the group must be aimed at creating around themselves and others the appropriate conditions of operative security. I consider it important to formalize the safety policy guidelines that must direct our work. It takes utmost care for the safety day on 4 th march and mines safety meek every year. who suggested selected the suggestion will made the coordinator to implement the same. • The photograph of the employee of the selected suggestion will be exhibited at the public place within the plant premises. It made all the employees to observe safety pledge. both of the environment and of health in the work place has always characterized out group. The company is dedicated for the safety of the employees. THE GROUPS SAFETY POLICY Constant attention to the idea of safety. It also observes World environmental day on 5th juke and productivity day on 12th February. As apart of this. every day. 30 . To support this common aim. Safety belts to the employees.

And undertakes to apply the best safety standards in each workplace. at whatever hierarchical.This can be summarized as follows: 1) Italcement group undertakes to make the Safety Policy an integral part of our general company policy. environment issues and other policies developed the Group. 7) Italcementi Group undertakes to provide its employees and the appropriate public bodies with the information regarding the results obtain from applying this policy. in order to eliminate dangerous behavior that’s the cause of most industrial accidents. 3) The safety policy will be put into operation at each of the group’s workplace. and above all. with the conviction that people are the key element regarding individual safety. 2) The safety policy will be considered on an equal basis with productivity. and that their training is suitable. and will accompanied by the appropriate auditing. 6) The final goal of the safety policy is to arrive at ZERO ACCIDENT in the workplace. 31 . are requested to conduct themselves in such a way to avoid causing any accidents whatsoever both of themselves and to their colleagues. to train people at every level and to ensure that they are competent to assume the responsibility given. 4) Italcementi group firmly believes that all accidents can be prevented. 5) All italcementi Group employees are responsible for applying the safety policy and must work in a safe manner. quality improvement. all employees. efficiency. so as not to have or cause accident.

Y Is an mission and need possible through every bodies contribution to the Zero Accidents project. S Is a key element of the Italcementi Group corporate policy A Is an important as productivity. the project “Zero Accident” has launched. concrete and fast way. efficiency. In order to implement these guidelines in a practical.8) The Italcementi Group’s policy shall be continually updated. quality & environment F must be applied everywhere and constantly monitored E Is training an informing personnel at every level prevent accidents. Is a policy that will continuously evolve. Expect a lively participation and collaboration from everyone. T Is the responsibility of every one for themselves and for others. in order to re-affirm the values of industrial ethics we must all constantly keep in mind. TAKE CARE THINK SAFE EVERY DAY CLEAN PLEDGE QUALITY POLICY 32 .

 ECO Fighting  First Aid  Effective Communication  Cost Control measures  Enquiring multi-skills  Initive attitude 33 . Some examples of the training are mentioned below.TRAINING TO THE EMPLOYEES: The company is providing the training to employees in different areas of operations on continuous basis both by in house and by external sources.  Utilization of alternate fuels including pet coke in cement industry.  Awareness on VAT  Effective utilization of petroleum conservation.  Labor laws and recent changes in the application of the contract labor.

 Dinner for the employees with their families and a cultural programme on every 1st January. Anjaneya Swami and Vinayak Temples located at Towmship.  Provided the SSY classes to the employees within the plant premises  …. every year.  Provides family planning camp within the plant premises.F. within the work schedule.etc.  Provides different loans to the employees to meet their financial requirments. L.EMPLOYEE WELFARE:  The company is striving to employee welfare and it provides the following to its employees.  Celebrates independence day and republic day.  Dinner for the employees with their facilites and a cultural programme on every 31st December. one pair of safety shoes and PPE are provoding to all the employees.  Two pairs of uniform.C.. All the statutory obligations of the employees like P.I. 34 .  Provided the Art of Living classes to the employees within the plant premises.  Provided AIDS awareness classes to the employees by the District Medical & Health Department.  The company maintained temples of Sri Venkateswara Swami.

First aid boxes one for every 150 workers and ambulance facilities if there are more than 500 workers. 6. 5. 35 . hours of work and more provisions for the appointment of employees welfare officers sickness. They also regulate the age of employment. 2. lunch rooms . Facilities for storing and drying clothes. Canteens if more than 250 workers are employees. 4. Maternity and medical benefits are provided under the employee state Insurance Act 1948 and also the government has chalked out comprehensive Programmers for housing facilities. Shelters rest rooms and lunch rooms if there are more than 150 workers. Setting facilities for occasional rest for workers who are obliged to work in a standing position. washing facilities etc. social security schemes provident funds and such other facilities & seize able has been allotted in each five years for employee welfare activities. Adequately suitable and clean washing facilities separately for male and female workers.THESE LAWS ARE: The factories Act 1948: the mines Act 1952: the plantation employee Act 1951: the central employees (regulation & abolition) Act 1970: these Act provides for facilities such as canteen crèches shelters rest rooms . Creche if more than 30 women are employees. 7. ACCORDING TO THE FACTORIES ACT 1948: The welfare facilities provided under this act are as follows: 1. 3.

The committee on employee welfare (1969) has defined employee welfare as “such services facilities and amenities as adequate canteen rest recreation facilities and sanitary and medical facilities arrangements for travel to and from work for the accommodation of workers employed at a distance from there homes and such other services amenities and facilities including social security measures as contribute to improve the conditions under which workers are employee. and through various phases of manufacturing.8. patterns raw material into finished products of necessity as well as luxury. prostitution. His/Her employee creates and transmits power. drug addiction and the like. Welfare may help minimize social evils. gambling. canals. physical more and economic betterment of the workers. railway lines and roads. to lay pipes. whether by employee by government or by otheragencies over and above what is laid down by low or normally expected on the part of its contracted benefit for which workers may have bargaining MERTIS AND DEMERITS OF WELFARE MEASURES: Employee welfare is justified for several reasons. such as alcoholism. According to the employee investigation committee (1946) employee welfare means anything done for intellectual. It is desirable to recollect the services of a typical worker in this context. The oxford dictionary refers employee welfare as “efforts to man life worth living for women”. Welfare officer wherever more than 500 workers are employees. His/Her employee helps dig and haul coal from the depths of the earth to fetch and refine oil . A worker is likely to fall a victim to any of these 36 . to build dams and reservoirs.

if he /she is dissatisfied or frustrated. Welfare facilities tend to make the worker happy, cheerful and confident looking. WELFARE FACILITIES CAN BE CLASSIFIED AS: (1) Intra Mural Activities (2) Extra Mural Activities

1. INTRA MURAL ACTIVITIES : Intra Mural Activities consists of facilities provided within the factory or establishment they include medical facilities, compensation for accidents provision for creches & canteens, supply of drinking water, washing and bathing facilities provision of safety measures, activities relating to improvement conditions of employment, free or subsidies food and their interest.


EXTRA MURAL ACTIVITIES: Extra Mural activities covers the services and facilities provided outside the factory

or establishment these consists of housing accommodations , indoor and outdoor , recreation of facilities amusement and sports, educational facilities for actual and

children’s Thus employee welfare is a comprehensive terms including various services, facilities and amenities providing to employees for the betterment. Various benefits provided by an organization may be classified under two groups, employee welfare and social security EMPLOYEE WELFARE: Committee on employee welfare (1969) has defined employees welfare as such facilities as adequate canteen, rest and recreational facilities, sanitary and medical facilities arrangement for travel to and from work and for the accommodation of workers employed


at a distance from their homes and such other services amenities and facilities including social security measures as contribute to improve the conditions which workers are employed.

SOCIAL SERCUITY: Social security is essential related to the high ideals of human dignity and social justice. According to ILO social security is the protection which society for its members through a series of public measures against the economic and distress otherwise would be caused by the stoppage or substantial reduction of earnings resulting from , sickness maternity , employment injury, unemployment, invalidity , old age and health.

IN INDIA MAJOR BENEFITS ARE AS FOLLOWS: PAYMENT FOR TIME NOT WORKED: There are provisions for payments to employee not worked these include the payments for the days: 1. Weekly off-day 2. Gazette holiday: 14 days at present which include Independence day, Republic Day, and various festivals like Diwali, Dassara, Christmas day, etc. 3. Personnel leave, casual leave, sick leave, privilege leave and maternity leave personnel leave may vary from organazatio9n to organization.



Welfare and recreation benefits include : Canteen, consumer Societies, Credit societies, housing, legal aid ,employee counseling, welfare organization, holiday homes, educational facilities, transport, parties and picnics and miscellaneous. CANTEENS : Perhaps no employee benefits have received as much attention in recent years as that of canteens. Some organization have statutory obligation to provide such facilities as section 46 of the factories act, 1948 imposes statutory obligation to employees to provide canteens in factories employing more than 250 workers other have provided such facilities voluntarily food stuffs are supplied at subsidized prices in these canteens. Some

companies provides lunchrooms, when canteen facilities are not available.

CONSUMER SOCIETIES : Most of the large organizations located far from towns and which provide housing facilities near the organization set-up the consumers stores in the employees colonies and supply all the necessary goods at far priceless.

CREDIT SOCIETIES : The objective of setting of these societies is to encourage thrift and provide loan facilities at reasonable terms and conditions, primarily to employees, some organization encourage employee to form cooperative credit societies with a view of fostering self help rather than depending upon money lenders, whereas someorganizations provide loans to employees directly.


HOUSING : Of all the requirements of the workers decent and cheap housing accommodation is of great significance. The problem of housing is one of the main causes for fatigue and worry among employees and this comes in the way of discharging their duties effectively, most of the organizations are located very far from towns where housing facilities are not available. Hence most of the organizations built quarter’s nearer to factory and provided cheap and decent housing facilities to their employees, while a few organization provide or arrange for housing loans to employees and encourage them to construct houses.

LEGAL AID ; Organization also provide assistance or aid regarding legal matters to employees as and when necessary through company lawyers or other lawyers.

EMPLOYEE COUNSELING : Organization also provide counseling services to the employee regarding their personal problems through professional counselors. Employee counseling reduces absenteeism, turnover, tardiness, etc



Further the organization provides reading rooms and libraries for the benefit of employees.Some large organization set up welfare organization with a view to provide all types of welfare facilities at one centre and appointed welfare officer to provide welfare benefits continuously and effectively to all employee fairly. a few large organizations established holiday homes at a number of hill stations. providing-in-aid to the other schools where a considerable number of students are from the children of employees. health resorts and other centre with a low charge of accommodation . hostels. PARTIES AND PICNICS : 41 . HOLIDAY HOMES : As measures of staff welfare and in pursuance of government‘s policy. setting up of colleges. TRANSPORTATION : Companies provide conveyance facilities to their employees from the place of their residence to the place of work as most of the industries are located outside town and all employees may not get quarter facility. so as to encourage employees use this facility for rest and recuperation in pleasant environment EDUCATIONAL FACILIOTIES : Organization provide educational facilities include reimbursement of fees.

These activities help employees to understand other better. ‘employee welfare’. Deewali and Pongal gifts. etc. such addition to the wages proper are referred to as fringe benefits. LTC and awards. low rent housing. ‘sub wages’. Productivity award etc.Companies provide these facilities with a view to including a sense of association. and freedom among employee. these benefits and services are not linked to employee productivity buy are provided to different classes of employees either as a matter of statutory requirement or on voluntary basis or a combination of both such benefits are called by various names such as fringe benefits’. by the provision of medical and other services or expenditure on the goods services. openness. in addition workers commonly receive such benefits as holiday with of low cost meals. FRINGE BENEFITS : Beside base compensation and incentives employees are provided various types of benefits and services by the organization. sports with awards. etc. International employee organization has defined fringe benefits as follows. social security’. Christmas gifts. community service activities. MISCELLANEOUS : Organization provide other benefits like organizing games. Wages are often supplemented by special cash benefits. belongingness. 42 . setting up of clubs.

profit and bonus. 43 . These may be provided either required statutory or on voluntary basis. fuel etc. legally sanctioned payments on social security schemes workmen’s compensation welfare and contribution made by the employee under such voluntary schemes as care for the post retirement. medical. THE FEATURES OF FRINGE BENEFITS ARE : 1) Fringe benefits are provided to the employees in addition to their wages /salary and other performance related incentives. This is fairly obvious in the case of public parks. and recreational needs workmen the tern also includes the monetary equivalent of free lighting. water. sanitation services and fire protection. educational.Fringe benefits include payment for non working times. which are provided for workers and subsidized housing and related services”. total income. differences in benefits may exist on the basis of classes of employees. 2) These benefits are given to the employees irrespective of the ir work efficiency however. 4) Benefits that have relation to employment or wages are not regarded as fringe benefits even though they may constitute a significant part of the workers. cultural. differences in benefit s may exist on the basis of classes of employees. 3) Fringe benefits are provided to all the employees irrespective of the work efficiency however.

one may in terms of statutory and voluntary benefits. Such benefits may include transportation facilities.S chamber of commerce has categorized various benefits into five groups.5) The expenses of benefits incurred on fringe benefits and other services are charged as workmen and staff welfare expenses or employee’s benefits expenses on incentives are charges under wages and salaries TYPES OF BENEFITS: There may be numerous types of benefits which may be provided to employees. disability. etc. pension. educational facilities. pension. 1) Legally required payments. subsidized. and unemployment insurance. All the organization covered by different act has to make the provision for these. gratuity. 2) Pension. Separation pay 44 . and there may be different ways in which theses can be classified. and the payments made under the workman’s compensation. Statutory benefits are mandatory and are provided under various acts such as paid holiday and leave insurance. Voluntary benefits are determined by7 he individual organization on their own. health insurance. retrenchment Compensation etc. old age pension. U. survivor benefits. group insurance and welfare payments.

F. waste up time. PENSION SCHEME: A pension represents the payments of fixed amount to a retired employee or surviving dependents every month provided the employee has fulfilled certain specific conditions of employment. lunch periods.3) Paid rest periods. vacations and holidays. RETIREMENT BENEFITS: PROVIDED FUND SCHEME: Under the provision of employees P. the basis Objectives of provident fund is schemes to make payments of total accumulated amount standing in the account of an employee when he retires though in certain circumstances.33 percent of wages/salaries of employees every month the employees make equal contribution through they are permitted to contribute more if they so desire . part of the money can be withdrawn earlier. 5) Christmas bonus. and miscellaneous provision act 1952. the employer has to contribute 8. 4) Payments for time not worked. One of the conditions is the minimum number foyers of 45 .

sometimes pension is provided in line of the employer’s contribution to provident fund. 46 . GRATUITY: The payment of gratuity is regulated by the payment of gratuity act 2972. under the act the compensation is payable in the case of injuries. under this act is payable to all employees after the termination of their services by way of their retirement or resignation provided they have completed five years of continuous services.5 lacs COMPENSATION BENEFITS: Compensation benefits are payable under two conditions. INSURANCE BENEFITS: Insurance benefits are payable to employee covered under. and under contractual obligations. Fatal or otherwise. the compensation is payable according to nature of the injuries. sickness. to workers during course of his job performance. under contractual obligation an employer i9s liable to pay equivalent to three months wage/salaries or any other sum specified under the terms of employment. employees state insurance Act 1948. various types of benefits that are available in this act are medical. the gratuity is payable at the 15 days wages/salaries for each year completed services subject to a maximum of Rs. the employee covered under this act have to continue to the scheme and the employees have also to which an employee should put to become eligible for pension. maternity. dependents and funnel benefits. under compensation act the compensation act 1923. disablement.3.

In the past the industrialist and the manager believed that there only job towards their employees was to pay them satisfactory wages. He needs an added stimulus to keep body and soul together. With the growth of industrialization and mechanization. Employee welfare is an important fact of industrial relations. For this it is essential for the management to create an atmosphere in which the employees work effectively and efficiently by creating better condition of work place. Employees have also realized the importance of their role in providing these extra 47 . both in industries and agriculture. psychological researchers convinced them that the workers required security more important. In course of time it has change s.. cannot cope with the pace of modern life with minimum sustenance amenities. giving satisfaction to the worker in any way which even good wage cannot. such welfare facilities benefits not only the workers but also the management in the form of greater productivity efficiency Management should realize that these welfare facilities pay a good dividend in the long run for this they have to contribute in a large degree towards the health and efficiency of the workers and towards a high morale. The worker. human treatment which is very essential to seek the co-operation between employees and employer.. The present study is a carried in ZAURI CEMNTS LTD.e. the extra dimensions. than wages i. suitable temperature . DONDAPADU a profit making is known for a sensation atmosphere among the employee forces in the study effort have been to find out various statutory & welfare measures implemented in the ZAURI CEMENTS LTD. adequate lighting and pleasant atmosphere. it has acquired added important.besides many organization offer benefits for life insurance either on individual or group basis.

arrangements. The state only intervenes to “widen the area of applicability”. their conditions of work and work often poorer living conditions necessity more than minimum amenities. The Committee on Employee Welfare (CLW). Each employer depending on his priorities gives varying degrees of importance to employee welfare. facilities. Though industrial workers are generally better paid. It is now accepted that it is a social right. formed in 1969 to review the employee welfare scheme. and such other services. It is because the government is not sure that all employers are progressive minded and will basic welfare measures that it introduces statutory legislation from time to time to bring about some measures of uniformity in the basic amenities available to industrial workers. at a distance from their houses. Employee welfare thought it has been proved to contribute it efficiency production is expensive. Employee welfare and social security will be dealt with separately. amenities and facilities as to contribute to improve the conditions under which workers are employed”. Today. OBJECTIVES: 48 . they are primarily concerned the availability of the enterprise. I as social security that contribute to improve the conditions under which workers are employed in India. And yet they are not always able to fulfill workers demand however reasonable they might be. In a resolution in 1947. the ILO defined employee welfare’s as “such services. described. We shall first take up employee welfare.amenities. and hence most statutory legislation applies to them. Valid considers it as an “expression of the assumption by industry of its responsibility for its employees”. employers have generally accepted welfare.

Partly civic to develop among them a sense of responsibility and dignity make them working citizens of the nations. 5. system level to education. TO fulfill future needs and aspirations of employee. Partly humanization to enable the employee to enjoy a good quality of work life. Partly economic to improve the efficiency of the work which in liven increase the production. It may include not only the minimum standards of hygienic and safety yards chosen general employee legislation but also such aspects of working life 49 . 4. country to country depending upon the value. 3. industry to industry. The International Labor Organization (ILO) observes the term is one which tends itself to various interpretations and it has not always the same significance in different countries. To increase productivity and efficiency of the employee. social customs degree of industrialization and the general standards of the social economic development of the people. synonymous with conditions of work as a whole.1. 2. SCOPE: Employee welfare by its very nature must necessarily be elastic and differs from time to region. Sometimes the concept is very wide one is more or less.

but what should be the common characteristic in that welfare measures should ameliorate the workers and living conditions of the workers and their families and make their lives meaningful. The scope of employee welfare has been “described by writers and institutions of different shades in different ways and from different angles”. • Be in time and harmony with similar services obtaining as a neighboring community where as enterprise is situated. The scope of employee welfare is their family wide and is not limited to any one country. labor services should enable workers to live a richer and move satisfactory life. paid vacations etc. • • Contribute to the productivity of employee and efficiency. Nor can it be so comprehensive as to “Embrace the whole range of social welfare as social services”. • Be administratively viable and essentially development outlook The scope of employee welfare however cannot be limited to facilities within or near the undertaking. The time of demarcation cannot be very precise. one region. 50 . the Chief Characteristic Of Employee Work: (i) It is the work which is usually undertaken within the premises or in the vicinity of the undertaking for the benefit of the employee and the members of his amily. measures for the protection of worker and young work as a limitation of hours of social insurance schemes. one industry as occupation. In the final analysis. Retire the standard of living of workers by indirectly reducing the burden on purse.

Psychological. covering from social security to such activities as medical aid.(ii) The work generally includes those items of welfare which are over and above what is provided by statutory provisions or required by the custom of the industry or what the employee expect as a result of a contract or service from the employers. (iii) The purpose of providing welfare amenities is to bring about the development of the whole personality of the workers of his Social. (vi) It may be noted that not only the intramurals but also extramural. canteen. Moral. Cultural and intellectual development to make him good worker citizen and a good number to a family. (v) Employee welfare is a very broad term. recreation. education arrangement for transport of employee to and from workplace to residence. crèches. (iv) These facilities may be provided voluntarily by the progressive and enlightened entrepreneur of their own accord out of their realization of responsibility towards employee or the statutory laws may compute them to make provision for these facilities or these may be taken up by the government or the trade unions if they have the necessary funds with them. statutory as well as non statutory activities under by any of the three agencies the 51 . adult. Economic. housing.

via intramural and extra-mural. INDAIN EMPLOYEE ORGANIZATION Intra-mural Drinking Water Extra-mural Social insurance (gratuity. PF etc. pension. both as compensation for wear and tear that the under goes as a part of production process and also to enable him to sustain and improve upon the basis capacity for contribution to the process of production “which are all the species of the longer family encompassed by the term Employee welfare”. The following categorization is used by. Employee Welfare: It is useful to consider welfare benefits under two basic categories. trade union or the government for the physical and mental development of a worker.employers.) Toilets Benevolent Fund Crèche Maternity Benefits 52 .

Classification of Employee Welfare: - Statutory 53 .Washing Facilities Health and Medical Facilities Occupation Safety Education facilities Uniforms and protective Housing Facilities Clothing Shift Allowance Recreation facilities Canteen Leave travel Facilities Workers Co-operative Vocational Training These facilities and benefits can be further classified into those provided by legislation and those provided voluntarily by management or as a result of bipartite settlements between management and the trade unions.

recreation transport and educational facilities. crèche. the ILO in its conventions and recommendations has laid down standards.I A health workforce is of utmost importance to industry.S . e. The ILO convention 25 concernssickness insurance and medical facilities to be provided to an insurance person while convention 103 deals with maternity protection. It made recommendations in respect of workers involved in jobs with 54 .69 it set certain norms for medical care. drinking water Those to be provided subject to employment of a specified number of persons. medical treatment. which have as laid a contributory effect on legislation in India.- Voluntary - Mutual Statutory Welfare amenities: Those which have to be provided irrespective of size of establishment.g. It also emphasized the need for preventive care. there are no minimum standards laid down in the sphere of housing. in the case of certain amenities. Employee Welfare: Intra-Mural: Health and Medical Facilities: Through E. e. In its recommendation No.g. Again. This left to the discretion of the employer.

A work week of 48 hours is also prescribed. Before starting a factory and periodically thereafter. Family Planning: 55 . with the aid of power or where 20 or more workers are employed without power.97 and for occupational healthy services No. voluntary and statutory. We not consider the several employee welfare benefits both intra-mural and extra-mural. The Act applies to premises including the predicts there of where ten or more workers are employed. rest rooms and lunch rooms. annual leave. the Act are health. and ambulance rooms with a qualified doctors and staff if there are 500 or more workers. including proper ventilation of noxious fumes and protective equipment for eyes where necessary. The factories Act 1948: The broad areas of coverage under. working hours.special risks No. The royal commission in the pre-independence period stressed the importance of health facilities and a unified scheme of social insurance. shelters in case of 150 or more workers. Basic amenities like lighting and ventilation are to be provided whatever the size of the establishment. A weekly holiday is also specified as also eligibility of annual leave with pay after 240 days of employment. Bonus 8. the chief inspector of factories and his staff measure in the plant. The statutory is provided by the Factories Act. safety. welfare. crèches if 50 or more women workers are employed.33% with wages and employment. Canteen if there are 250 or more workers. A maximum work day of 8 hours is prescribed for adults.112.

if feels should cry provide at least one balanced meal ti worker and allow them credit purchases so that they make good use of the facility. Each state Government has framed its own rules. Canteens: The ILO. Also. Canteen. in its Recommendations 102. mentioned this facility and felt that a competent authority in each country should guide establishments. hygiene. The CLW recommended that it should be made part and parcel of employee welfare activities. unless there is an establishment demand. central and state Government schemes should given recognition to fully equipped and properly staffed hospitals run by employers. The NCL does not think there is need for the statutory limit in respect of canteens to be raised. The CLW has suggested that in view of the enormity of the population problem. Rest Facilities: 56 .The-five year plans have laid great emphasis on this programme which has acquired a sense of urgency. specially in the Fourth Year Plan. Many employers have already taken the initiative. with regard to nutrition. finance etc. canteens should be run on a contracting help with subsidies. a canteens should provided and certain standards should have representation in the management of the canteens. especially in plantations and provide incentive such as priority for housing etc. for participation in family planning schemes. in India the Factories Act places the responsibility on State Government to make rules that in any specified factory with more than 250 workers.

It applied to workers under section 2(1) of the Factories Act. it enable a worker to sit down occasionally without only break in his work. The first Five Year Plan (1951) suggested it the Central Government should take major responsibility for financing housing schemes. In 1944 the employee Investigation Committee reviewed housing conditions in principal urban areas and found industrial housing far from satisfactory. whose wages did not exceed Rs. This facility helps to reduce fatigue.This amenity provides & prescribed number of seats on the shop floor and in rest rooms or shelter. Housing : Recommendation 115 of the ILO states that housing be a matter of national policy. -e state could also provide 57 . The response to the scheme was poor. and contributes to his comfort and Efficiency Rest rooms are provided so that works may relax during their breaks for rest or meal. Both the Indian Industrial Commission (1918) and the Royal Commission realized the importance and necessity of improving housing conditions of industrial workers and suggested various measures. 200 per house. They felt a clear long-term housing policy was essential. The scheme provided that in addition to puce houses. The Central Government subsidized the state Government to the extent of 12 122% on a maximum of Rs. The can also wait in comfort till time they start work particularly before or after like shifter. the government of India put forth the industrial housing Scheme. provided the state Government contributed an equal amount. The sub seized housing scheme for industrial workers was extended to weaker sections of the community also.300 per month and still they reached a maximum of RS 500 per month. In 1948.

and for carrying to and night shifts. increase their fleet and the frequency of buses especially to employee colonies. since the public transport system is not only fully eloped and hardly efficient. in metropolitan cities. since in a sense. is essential. fatigue of travel to and from work has a detrimental tect on the attendance pattern of workers.developments plots. provide parking facilities. skeleton houses. etc. his children.commended that transport on a large scale is best provided by the state. there has been to 58 . it is an investment in training the workforce of the future. In India. so as not burden the transport system. . Transport Facilities: The growth of industrial states and workshops outside the city has made commuting a problem for workers. industrial estates and townships. loans to purchase bicycles. Educational Facilities: The literate worker is naturally more receptive. Though the government employers and workers are aware of the importance of developing adult education among workers. NCL and CLW have suggested that work hours be staggered. Surveys on employee conditions indicate that no tangible efforts have been made to eradicate illiteracy among workers. that the local – “ dies should streamline their operations. Educating the workers family. hostels. dormitories. They feel that employers could help by giving conveyance allowance. In the case of smaller units they suggested that transported be provided on a joint basis.building at subsidized rates to eligible industrial workers. The CLW after studying the situation:.

Workers in reply to the CLW questionnaire felt that if sufficient incentives are provided. for those who are inclined. The Central Workers Education Board conducts classes for industrial workers. employers and workers organization have suggested that personnel trained by the Board should subsequently take up the work of educating industrial workers with the governments are of the opinion that the Central Board is already overburdened and not capable of taking on an added burden. like promotions. A panel of experts on literacy set up by the planning commission expressed the need for a autonomous Central Board to promote literacy among industrial workers. through a series of public measures. The ILO definition is basically that “ it can be taken to mean the protection which society provides for its members. Evolution of social security measures : Social security forms an important part of employee welfare providing the security is of great importance to the worker’s and his family’s wellbeing. they would be motivated.sustained effort. against the 59 .social welfare bodies can also help to educate workers families. There have been various suggestions on how to educate workers-one is the provision of night schools.

of respondents 44 16 10 5 Percentage 59% 21% 13% 7% 60 . It is admistered by a commissioner. and within two years of termination in the case of an employee whose services had been terminated . length of the service is not consideration for equality of compensation or eligibility except for >::.economic and social distress that otherwise would be caused by the stoppage or substantial reduction of earnings resulting from sickness. invalidity. Extent of injury or death. the provision of medical care. unemployment.national diseases. maternity. 1. old:. but the employer is nit responsible if a workman sustains his injuries under the influence of drugs. appointed by the Government. but the compensation cannot exceed half the monthly wages. the act also provides for half-monthly payment for temporary disablement. drinks etc. and the provision of subsidies for families with children. A workman cannot claim damages in a civil court and still expect to benefit from the Act.RECREATIONAL FACILITIES Table: 1 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed No.e and death. employment injury. where it is six month.

2.TRANSPORTATION Table: 2 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total No. of respondents 11 37 23 4 75 Percentage 15% 49% 31% 5% 100% 61 .Total Graph: 1 75 100% INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree that all necessary safety equipments are provided to the employees while some of the employees commented that the safety equipments provided by the company are not provided in time.

INFRASTRUCTURE Table: 3 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 3 No. of respondents 10 37 26 2 75 Percentage 13% 49% 35% 3% 100% 62 .Graph: 2 INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree that all necessary safety equipments are provided to the employees while some of the employees commented that the safety equipments provided by the company are not provided in time 3.

INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree that all necessary safety equipments are provided to the employees while some of the employees commented that the safety equipments provided by the company are not provided in time. Of respondents 49 14 7 5 75 Percentage 65% 19% 9% 7% 100% Graph: 4 63 .PROVISIONS FOR FIRST-AID BOXES WHERE EVER THEY ARE NECESSARY Table: 4 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total No. 4.

5.INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that most of the employees strongly agreed that the company is providing provisions for first aid boxes however some are not in a position to comment about this as a first aid facility are provided to the workers. Of respondents 9 43 21 2 75 Percentage 12% 57% 28% 3% 100% INTERPRETATION: 64 .MANAGEMENT TAKES GOOD CARE ABOUT THE SAFETYMEASURES OF THE EMPLOYEES Table: 5 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed total Graph: 5 No. and moreover first aid equipment are not provided in time.

Of respondents 13 52 8 2 75 Percentage 17% 69% 11% 3% 100% INTERPRETATION: 65 . NECESSARY MEASURES ARE TAKEN TO PREVENT THE ACCIDENTS Table: 6 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 6 No. 6.From the above graph it shows that most of the employees agreed that the management is taking care about the safety measures of the employees. While some have natural opinion as safety measures taken by the company are not up to satisfaction of the employees.

AND HELMETS) Table: 7 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 7 No. SHOES. 7. UNIFORMS. Of respondents 14 56 5 0 75 Percentage 19% 75% 7% 0% 100% INTERPRETATION: 66 .From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree that all necessary safety equipments are provided to the employees while some of the employees commented that the safety equipments provided by the company are not provided in time. ALL NECESSARY SAFETY EQUIPMENTS ARE PROVIDED BY COMPANY (BELTS.

Of respondents 10 32 25 8 75 Percentage 13% 43% 33% 11% 100% INTERPRETATION: 67 . 9.From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree that all necessary safety equipments are provided to the employees while some of the employees commented that the safety equipments provided by the company are not provided in time. PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION TO ALL THE EMPLOYEES IN CASE OF ACCIDENTS Table: 8 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 8 No.

STATUTORY BENEFITS PROVIDED BY THE MANAGEMENT Table: 9 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed total Graph: 9 No.From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree with the compensation facilities and some disagree with these facilities and also commented that the compensation paid is not sufficient for the employees and are very low when compared with other companies. Of respondents 4 19 36 16 Percentage 5% 25% 48% 22% 75 100% INTERPRETATION: From the above figure that most of the employees are not in a position to comment about the statutory benefits provided by the company and only some agree that 68 . 9.

the all statutory benefits are provided by the company and some commented that there is no wage revision. 10. INTEREST OF ORGANISATION REGARDING THE WELFARE OF THE EMPLOYEES Table: 10 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 10 No. Of respondents 4 34 31 6 75 Percentage 5% 46% 41% 8% 100% INTERPRETATION: 69 .

MANAGEMENT WELCOMES SUGGESTIONS ON THE WELFARE ACTVITIES Table: 11 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 11 No. However some are not in apposition to comment. Of respondents 70 5 0 0 Percentage 93% 7% 0% 0% 75 100% INTERPRETATION: 70 . 11.From the graph it shows that the organization is very much interested in welfare of the employees. as the welfare facilities provided by the company are not up their satisfaction..

many of the employees were not ready to comment on the issue 71 . Of respondents 5 38 25 7 75 Percentage 7% 51% 33% 9% 100% INTERPRETATION: From the above figures it shows that most of the employees agree with the management consults the employees to determine the welfare needs and very low are disagree with their options .From the above graph most of the employees strongly agreed with the suggestions on the welfare activities. There were no comments on the neutral and disagreed options 12 DETERMINATION OF EMPLOYEES REGARDING THE MANAGEMENT CONSUITANCIES Table: 12 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 12 No.

WHETHER THE CANTEEN FOOD IS HYGENIC OR NOT Table: 14 72 . Table: 13 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 13 No. VOLUNTARY BENEFITS ARE PROVIDED BY THE COMPANY ( HOUSING AND EDUCATION LOANS ETC) LOANS. Of respondents 4 59 6 6 75 Percentage 17% 69% 11% 3% 100% INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree that the voluntary benefits are provided to the employees while some of the employees commented that the voluntary benefits are not provided in time 14.13.

NUMBER OF SHELTERS AND REST ROOMS PROVIDED BY THE COMPANY Table: 15 Opinion Strongly Agreed No. 15. Of respondents 0 31 15 29 Percentage 0% 41% 20% 39% 75 100% INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that most of the employees agree that the canteen’s food is hygienic while some are not availing these canteen facilities as their house are nearer to the company and some are disagreed with the canteen’s food is hygienic. Of respondents 3 Percentage 4% 73 .Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed Total Graph: 14 No.

AWARENESS OF MANAGEMNT REGARDING WORKING CONDITIONS OF THE EMPLOYEES Table: 16 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral No.Agreed Neutral Disagreed total Graph: 15 55 14 3 75 73% 19% 4% 100% INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that the most of the employees agreed while some are not in a position comment about the company providing good number of shelters and rest rooms of the employees and very few are disagreed &strongly agreed 16. Of respondents 8 51 12 74 Percentage 11% 68% 16% .

PROVIDING PROPER VENTILATION AND LIGHTING Table: 17 Opinion Strongly Agreed Agreed Neutral Disagreed total No.Disagreed Total Graph: 16 4 75 5% 100% INTERPRETATION: From the above figure it shows that the most of the employees agreed while some are not in a position comment about the aware working of conditions of the employees and very few are disagreed &strongly agreed 17. of respondents 4 58 13 0 75 Percentage 67% 16% 17% 0% 100% 75 .

Graph: 17 INTERPRETATION: From the above the graph it shows that most of the employees agreed that the company is providing proper ventilation and lighting in time.. 76 . however some are not in a position to comment about the facilities are provided to the workers FINDINGS: While doing my project about the welfare facilities in ZUARI CEMENT LTD. Some of the employees have expressed many of their problems. in which some of the welfare problems are: 1) Employees are satisfied with canteen facilities provided in ZUARI CEMENTS LTD..

3) Welfare committees are not formed as per employee’s choice. 5) Many of the employees had expressed that medical facilities should be extended to the retired employees and to their wives. 77 . 8) Loans for homes.. 7) Recreational facilities are not maintained properly. 2) Medical facilities should be extended to the retired employees and to their wives. 3) Medicals claims should be cleared immediately. are not provided in time SUGGESTIONS: In the light of the above findings of the study of the following suggestions are given for the welfare facility department in ZUARI CEMENT LTD. 4) Welfare committees are not consulting the employees to take the suggestions.2) The welfare facilities like transportation. 1) Welfare committees should be reformed by consulting the employees at their interest. 6) Medicals bills. safety equipments. housing and medical up to satisfaction of the employees. claims should be cleared immediately and the dues should be paid immediately. 10) Safety houses. children education and LIC are not provided to the employees. helmets.

education loans should be provided o the employees. 9) Wage division should be done immediately and wages should be paid on time.16 MT in FY11 and touch 262. Ministry of Commerce and Industry.4) Loans. 7) Safety equipment should be given to the employees in proper time. 6) Wage revision should be done. 5) Wages should be paid in time. 8) Offices and workshop maintenance should be improved.61 MT in FY12. housing loans.  Profits are essential for the survival of any Organization. Minister of State. Conclusion:  India is the world's second largest producer of cement after China. with cement companies adding nearly eight million tons (MT) capacity in April 2009.  According to Jyotiraditya Scandia. . taking the total installed capacity to 219 MT. cement production could rise to 236. In the long 78 .

no doubt Zuari Cement Ltd occupies a prominent position in the cement industry in India. QUESTIONNAIRE Name: Age : Gender: Occupation: Income: Ph: Tick from the following facilities. which are provided in the organization and your satisfaction towards each facility. An organization which is getting profits is regarded as healthy and it alone can boost up the morale and commitment of the employees.  As it is a joint venture the Government as a partner can't be blind to the happenings in the organizations. It must also see that the organization comes out of the loss zone and achieves the break-even point. the main reason for the losses is accumulated debts and interest there on from the very beginning. The Government has to give subsidy to waive some of the debts and interest. Especially in this firm.  If the Government and the management executives work hand in hand for the prosperity of the profits reflects the performance and efficiency of the management. 1) Recreational Facility 79 .

Highly satisfied [ ] Satisfied [ ] Neutral [ ] Dissatisfied [ ] 2) Transportation facility Highly satisfied [ ] Satisfied [ ] Neutral [ ] Dissatisfied [ ] 3) Infrastructure Highly satisfied [ ] Satisfied [ ] Neutral [ ] Dissatisfied [ ] 4) Are the provisions for the first aid boxes where ever they are necessary Strongly Agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 5) Whether management takes good care about the safety of the employees Strongly Agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 80 .

6) Are there necessary measure are taken to prevent the accidents Strongly Agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 7) Whether all necessary safety equipment are provided (belt. shoes. uniforms) Strongly Agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 8) Is compensation paid approximately to all the employees in case if accidents Strongly Agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 9) Whether all statutory benefits are provided by the management Strongly Agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 81 .

housing. and education & etc) Strongly agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 82 .10) Is the organization interested for the welfare o f the employees Strongly Agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 11) Whether the management welcomes suggestions on the welfare activities Strongly agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 12) Is the management consults the employees to determine the welfare needs Strongly agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 13) Whether the voluntary benefits are provided (loans.

16) Is the management aware of working condition of the employees Strongly agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 17) Whether proper ventilation and lighting is provided Strongly agreed [ ] Agreed [ ] Neutral [ ] Disagreed [ ] 18) Any problems to welfare facilities [ no ] 19) Any suggestion relating to welfare activities [ no ] 83 .


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