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Implementation of Innovation

Tesla Pump Comments

How to design efficient Tesla Pumps that can be built in any machine shop

George Wiseman

Eagle-Research
Energy Solutions

since 1984

Patent-free Technology Brown's Gas Fuel Savers Free Energy

www.eagle-research.com

5 things to know about this eBook 1. This eBook is best read using Adobe Acrobat Reader 2. This eBook is a direct electronic representation of the physical book, therefore, it is not optimized for viewing on a computer screen. Youll need to scroll up and down to read the columns. We kept it this way to allow reference, to exact locations in all versions, when answering questions or addressing corrections. 3. The eBook page numbers may not match the PDF le page numbers. In print books, there are commonly a number of pages, at the front and back, that are not numbered or use Roman numerals. PDF les typically start by numbering the front cover page 1. All our references to pages in this eBook will assume the print page numbering. 4. This eBook has full page links over most of its pages. Clicking on a page will connect you to the Eagle-Research website (usually the Resources Section). Scroll using the sidebar. 5. This eBook was State of Art when it was initially published. Today it is still excellent basic information. However, as always, our technologies improve, and information becomes obsolete, faster than we can print, publish and circulate updates. Our solution - Eagle-Research Online Resource sections that contain: Parts and services supplier information; application comments; options; updates; upgrades; support links; support documents; FAQ entries; wiki entries; blog entries; forum discussions; test results;, product installers; product manufacturers; post-publication technical corrections. Since 1984 Eagle-Research has been committed to gathering energy information from diverse sources, experimenting with it , merging possibilities into actuals and distributing solutions that empower the individual. The Eagle-Research Online Resources will help you start your project with the latest information ... then continue to upgrade your projects when new information becomes available.

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Eagle-Research
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Patent-free Technology Brown's Gas Fuel Savers Free Energy

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EAGLE-RESEARCH MISSION
Eagle-Research is an organization that develops and distributes practical energy solutions. We define practical as simple, inexpensive, environmentally-considerate, easy to build, low maintenance and, applicable to small scale energy needs. We gather information from diverse sources, perform comprehensive experiments using rigorous standards, then publish how-to books to share the results with other researchers and the general public. We believe that writing books insures that these technologies will be secured public knowledge, and that our patent-free philosophy promotes increasingly better energy solutions. Eagle-Research does not accept government grants. The money from the sale of our books and devices is used to finance on-going research.

DISCLAIMER
This book is sold for research and/or experimental purposes only. Therefore the results, which will vary according to the users knowledge, expertiseand application should be considered strictly experimental. George Wiseman, his associates and/or distributors, assume no responsibility for damage or injury due to the readers use or misuse of information or instructions presented herein. Although care is taken to present accurate information: If we knew what would happen, it wouldnt be an experiment. Therefore, the author will not retroactively inform or reimburse buyers if (when) there are corrections or updates to this book. Contact Eagle-Research for the latest developments. If the conditions outlined in the proceeding paragraphs are not acceptable, the buyer will return the book immediately to the seller, for a full refund.

WORK IN PROGRESS
Eagle-Research is a research and development organization dedicated to finding the best possible energy solutions. Because the nature of research and development is an evolving process, we are continually improving on the technologies we are working with. Though were proud of our commitment to constant and never-ending improvement, we do recognize there is an unfortunate side-effect: Our best today will pale in comparison to our best tomorrow. At any given date, the Eagle-Research discoveries, which are distributed in the form of web information; books; videos or devices, are at varying stages of development. Therefore, by the time our most up-to-date best can be compiled, organized, produced & distributed, weve already improved upon the information. Were working as fast as we can.

EAGLE-RESEARCH ADVOCATES PATENT-FREE TECHNOLOGY


I differ from most inventors in many ways. For one, I actually make my living and finance continued research by inventing. Two, I dont hold-back secrets of my innovations. Three, I do not patent my work. It is distributed worldwide as public knowledge, so no one else can patent it either. Actually, the patent office is very inefficient and people have gotten patents on my technology... usually to fraud investors. However, the patent is worthless. Patent law states public domain information is not patentable.

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As more work and research gets done, we will write further books in each of our lines of research. By writing a series of books in this manner, we can keep you updated on the latest information on energy saving research. Selling information is how we make money to continue our research. Therefore, you will not do yourself or your friends a favour if you copy this book to distribute to your friends. In doing so, you deprive us of funds to advance the research that will help us all.

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1. Concept: I think I have an idea! 2. Research Assistant: compiled research to develop a working theory 3. Theory: explore research to develop proof of concept experiments 4. Proof of Concept: hands-on; try methods to make design of prototype possible 5. Initial Prototype Design: to begin experimental prototype 6. Practical spinoff: useful technology developed that is not the main line of research 7. Experimental Prototype: working experiments; proof of technology 8. How-To manual: comprehensive instructions 9. Kit: assembly of parts 10. Device: including operation manual

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TESLA PUMP COMMENTS


Copyright Oct., 1996, Nov., 2009 by George Wiseman

INTRODUCTION
Nikola Tesla invented this pump design around 1910. Despite its obvious advantages, it still hasnt been universally applied. There are a few small companies that jealously guard their trade secrets and build Tesla pumps. These companies sell the pumps for extremely high prices and generally find applications where only a Tesla pump will fit the application specifications. Its time for the Tesla pump to find more general use! In this paper I speak of fluid. A fluid can be a liquid or a gas (vapor) or a mixture of the two. It is my opinion that, at this time, the Tesla pump is most applicable to working with liquids. It will find its best market in applications involving liquids that must be handled gently. Example: pumping fish, fruit and blood; liquids containing solids (ie. cement, mill tailings and paper pulp). Tesla pumps designed to be efficient with gaseous fluids (vapor) are usually larger in diameter and turn at very high RPM. This requires special materials for the runner, special bearings, special seals and careful runner balancing. The runner disks should be tapered when run at extremely high RPM to minimize metal stretching by centrifugal force. The proposed application would have to very have special requirements that can only be properly addressed with a Tesla pump before it is financially practical to use a Tesla pump (or compressor). Tesla pumps direct the fluid in natural paths of flow, minimizing

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ...................... 1 BASIC DESIGN ........................ 1 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION 2 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS .. 3 Pressure/Volume and Horsepower; Inlet to Outlet Ratio; Diameter of Runner; Runner Disk Spacing; Inner Hole Diameter in Runner; Number of Disks in Runner; Plate Thickness; Runner Mounting on Shaft; Outer Volute and Housing CONCLUSION .......................... 7 OTHER NOTES ........................ 7 RESOURCES ............................. 7

turbulence and cavitation that would damage the fluid and/or pump. Tesla pumps therefore have a natural advantage over conventional pumps in applications such as those mentioned above. Designed properly, Tesla pumps are at least as efficient as conventional pumps and are a lot easier to build. This paper is designed to assist those people who wish to design and build their own Tesla pumps. I will not be discussing anything to do with Tesla turbines in this paper. (see Resources)

BASIC DESIGN
The basic design of a Tesla pump is extremely simple and can be built in most machine shops. One of my favorite quotes from Nikola Tesla is the human mind thinks but to complicate.... I have had to work very hard to overcome that. But here you see what I have done. Do you see how simple it is? As an inventor of practical devices, I share Teslas horror of complicated devices. Im sure that he, like I, had run into Murphys Law many times (If anything can go wrong, it will and at the worst possible moment.). My personal quote on the subject is, If you dont know enough to build it simple, you dont understand it yet. The Tesla pump basically consists of a series of disks fastened together with spacing between each disk. Tesla called this disk-pack a runner. The runner is mounted in a housing that allows fluid to enter through the center and exit on the periphery. The runner itself is designed to have all the fluid enter its hollow center, travel through the spacing between the disks and exit at the periphery of the runner.

Tesla Pump Comments / www.eagle-research.com

The runner is usually attached to a shaft driven by an external power source. The spinning runner drives the fluid.

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
The Tesla pump works using the principles of centrifugal force, adhesion, and viscosity. When you accelerate a mass (fluid in this case) it will travel in a straight line at exactly the speed (velocity) given to it by the accelerating force. (Minus friction of course but we dont need that complication for this example.) When you turn a mass that has velocity (cause it to deviate from its straight course) it takes energy (another force). How much additional force depends on how much mass, how fast it is moving, how fast you want to turn it and how much you want to turn it. In equations involving mass moving in circles, we call this additional turning force centripetal force. Centripetal force doesnt really exist, we just apply that term to a certain vector condition for convenience. Centripetal force is an inward seeking force, it is the force vectors that cause the liquid to turn back on itself, thus usually forming a circle. The outward seeking force vectors we call centrifugal force. This is the force that is trying to go in a straight line but because it involves mass moving in circles, we call it centrifugal force. As you can see, centrifugal force doesnt really exist either, except as a concept in our minds.

The main working principle of the Tesla pump is centrifugal force. The runner accelerates the fluid in an outward path. The reason that you see pressure on the output of the pump involves the centripetal force applied by the pump housing. The pump housing does not allow the outward force to continue in a straight line. If no liquid were allowed to escape the housing, the pressure registered by a pressure gauge mounted on the housing would equal the pressure being applied as centrifugal force and held by centripetal force. A Tesla pumps maximum pressure is inherently a product of its rotational speed and its runner diameter. You will see this in the equations. For a runner of any size, a higher velocity (RPM) will cause a pressure rise in the Tesla pump. For design purposes, increasing runner velocity is generally more advantageous than increasing runner diameter. For example, to get 180 psi with 1760 RPM requires a 15 inch diameter runner, to get 180 psi at 3000 RPM requires only a 9 inch diameter runner. A 9 inch runner is easier to build than a 15 inch runner and 3000 RPM is not an unreasonable speed. Runners of even smaller diameters can be made to produce high pressures if you increase the RPM. Ill show you how to figure it later. The second most important principle of Tesla pump operation is adhesion. How well the liquid sticks to the disks. The runner disks need to impart their energy to the liquid and they cant do that if the liquid wont stick to them. Fluids have an interesting physical characteristic that helps the Tesla pump work and give it its wear

resistant properties. This principle is so important that it will have a paragraph to itself. However rapid the flow of fluid, at the surface of any solid exposed to the fluid, the relative speed of the fluid is zero. Thus the runner can impart energy to the fluid because the fluid (at its surface) must spin at exactly the same speed as the runner surface. The third most important principle is fluid viscosity. How well the fluid sticks to itself. You can think, for our purposes, of a fluid to have many layers that can each one speed up a little more as you move away from a surface. As the runner pulls the first layer along by adhesion, each fluid layer in turn pulls the next fluid layer by viscosity. This also explains why the Tesla pump disks show very little wear even after pumping highly abrasive material for extended periods of time. On the runner disks, as in a stream, the rock is subjected to low speed fluid on its bottom side, near the surface of the solid and high speed fluid on its upper side (farther from disk surface). Thus the rock rolls as it moves, providing little friction on the surface. Viscosity, in our situation, can also be considered a fluid friction or resistance to flow. High viscosity fluids require more force to move them at velocity. The disks generally pull a high viscosity fluid with more efficiency than a low viscosity fluid because the fluid layers pull each other along strongly. So you can space the disks wider apart to maintain flow without an appreciable drop in

www.eagle-research.com / Tesla Pump Comments

Eagle-Research
Energy Solutions

since 1984

Patent-free Technology Brown's Gas Fuel Savers Free Energy

www.eagle-research.com

Dear Alternative and Sustainable Energy Enthusiast, Im a full time self-employed inventor. I research things that interest me, for use in my own life. The plans I sell are not just some armchair theorist brainstorming (though I usually start a project that way). I build the projects and make them work. They need to (and do) work because I use them myself. I develop them, redesign them, refine them and once Ive figured out how to DO IT in the most practical way I can... I DO NOT PATENT! I write a book; the books allow me to 1. Help (teach) a LOT of people AND 2. Bring in the money I need to pay bills and fund further research. 3. Make sure the technology is not lost if/when the Vested Interest finally shuts me down. Ive been a self-employed inventor since 1986 (started Eagle-Research in 1984). I (and thus Eagle-Research) am ENTIRELY SELF FUNDED, literally from satisfied customers. I do not accept Government grants or any money from anywhere that has any strings attached. Selling these books is how I fund research worth millions of dollars (and bypassVested Interest Suppression). Most of the money I make and years of my time go into to developing (and upgrading) innovations. Innovations that you can now know for the price of a book. This is why, when people copy and/or give away my books, they hurt 1. Me (copyright violation and loss of income), 2. YOU (you are denied technology upgrades on technology youve purchased), 3. All of society (everyone is denied practical innovation choices that could have been) On Scribd.com, otherwise well-meaning and enthusiastic people uploaded my books, which were downloaded (for free) over 10,000 times. That could have financed my Gravity Machine or an improved Free Energy Accumulator... To help enthusiastic people spread the word LEGALLY, weve started an affiliate program. As an affiliate, you will get PAID when you refer people to us and they buy any of our products. By now youve likely realized that most of this books pages are not included in this free preview. You can find a full authorized latest edition of all our books and kits in our eStore. http://www.eagle-research.com/store/ All products sold with 100% money back Satisfaction Guarantee. Use coupon code Scribd130313 to get a one time 20% discount on an order (good until 2016). You can also find a (purchase separately) online Resources that keeps this technology current as there are corrections, upgrades, options, proofs, FAQ, Blogs, Forums, links, similar research by others, etc. (plus a lot of free information) You can also subscribe to my eNews (see website sidebar) to stay informed on whats happening. I thank you for your interest and I look forward to helping you achieve what Ive already done.

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Welcome to our world, where you can join our team to make energy independence happen without depending on politicians or any other Vested Interest. We dont patent and we encourage you to join our efforts by sharing your thoughts and results. We act as an information gathering point for the shared thinking of you and many others, each giving the unique perspectives that, collectively, result in fast effective technological advances. We then experiment to merge the most practical solutions and then share the updated information, so each of us benifits fully from the input of thousands of minds. Weve been doing this since 1984; they now call this technique open-source:) Our books were our State of Art when written, and in many cases are still ahead of public knowledge. But our technologies improve quicker than we can print and distribute updates. So we have implemented an internet based solution to the challenge of keeping you updated with the latest corrections, updates, options and other resources that will help you incorporate the newest and best innovations into your life. When you buy our Products and Kits, from our eStore, the website automatically authorizes your eStore account to access the applicable secure sections of the Eagle-Research online Resources; where the latest (constantly upgraded) information is placed. This method assures that the people who have financed the research (by purchasing the eProduct) will have the latest information that results from their financial input. Note: At this time Eagle-Research eBooks are not automatically authorized to access their (optional) online Resources. For eBooks you need to purchase the applicable Resources separately, independently from the purchase of the eBook. Also, purchase of online Resources does NOT include the eBook. When you feel you are ready for the latest, updated, information, you can go to the Eagle-Research eStore: http://www.eagle-research.com/store/ and buy this eBook and (if you choose) its related online Resources. Be sure to subscribe to the Eagle-Research eNewsletter to be informed when new information is available. To subscribe: see the left sidebar of most of the website pages or go to: http://www.eagle-research.com/cms/eagle-research-enotices Again, welcome :) May the Blessings be, George Wiseman, JOAT, President, CEO of Eagle-Research.com

Canada: 160 Panorama Ridge, Box 21017, Penticton, BC, V2A 8K8 USA / Int'l: 1306 Main St., Oroville, WA 98844

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Patent-free Technology Brown's Gas Fuel Savers Free Energy

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WHO IS GEORGE WISEMAN


George Wiseman is the founder and president of Eagle-Research, a non-profit organization that develops and distributes energy-saving solutions. He is multi-talented and multi-degreed, but singular in his mission: to promote self-sufficiency at the individual level by discovering and sharing the best, all-around, practical solutions. George attributes his self-reliance, resourcefulness and commitment to our natural environment, to his rural roots. Dad didnt believe in having any equipment on the place (hobby farms in Montana, Oregon, Alaska and finally a ranch in British Columbia) that we couldnt fix ourselves. We had running water if we ran and got it. And electricity was something that came in batteries. His farmgrown, western cowboy philosophy combine well with his inventor persona to create a world-class visionary. He takes the hand-up rather than the hand-out approach to everything. Since 1984, George has been making his living as an inventor and author. His fuel-savers have gained him a worldwide following of satisfied consumers who eagerly pursue his work for new offerings. George continues to impress his customers, peers and competition with practical innovations that can be successfully home-built. His latest product, the ERxxxx WaterTorch, is making great waves in dozens of industries around the globe. As much as anything, its his commitment to patentfree technology development that has earned George Wiseman a champion reputation. Openly sharing research findings benefits everyone by constantly elevating the standards of viable energy solutions. Georges work has been featured on radio and in newspapers around North America and at many alternative energy gatherings including the International Tesla Society Symposiums and Exotic Research Conferences. He lives with his bride, Tenaj, and their brood of cats, in a lush valley of the Rocky Mountains. Individuals wishing to participate in the project may access the required reading list, that will be updated from time-to-time, on the Eagle-Research website: (www.eagle-research.com) Comments and/or contributions are invited from anyone who is committed to cultivating dream seeds. Nay-sayers are better not to waste their time. Negative input will be wholeheartedly disregarded.

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